1625-0038 Stat/A

CFR-2011-title46-vol7-chapI-subchapR.pdf

Plan Approval & Records for Tank, Passenger, Cargo & Miscellaneous Vessels, Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Nautical Schools, Oceanographic VSLS & Electrical Engineering

1625-0038 Stat/A

OMB: 1625-0038

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SUBCHAPTER R—NAUTICAL SCHOOLS
rating of ‘‘qualified member of the engine department,’’ respectively.
(c) The school ships operated by the
State organizations and the Federal
academies named in paragraph (b) of
this section are hereby approved and
their graduates, if meeting the other
qualifications required by law and regulations promulgated thereunder, are
entitled to the rating of able seamen or
qualified members of the engine department and to be certified as such.
(d) A graduate of any of those school
ships, if meeting the other qualifications required by law and regulations
promulgated thereunder, is also entitled to the rating of lifeboatman and to
be certified as such.

PART 166—DESIGNATION AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL
SHIPS
Sec.
166.01 Approval of nautical school ships.
166.05 Course of study for deck students.
166.10 Course of study for engineering students.
166.15 Training for maintenance of discipline; ship sanitation; fire and lifeboat
drills.
166.20 Applicants for certificates; when eligible for examination.
AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2103, 3306, 8105; 46
U.S.C. App. 1295g; Department of Homeland
Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 52–43, 17 FR 9542, Oct. 18,
1952, unless otherwise noted.

[CGFR 52–43, 17 FR 9542, Oct. 18, 1952, as
amended by CGD 72–92R, 38 FR 29320, Oct. 24,
1973; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51216, Sept. 30, 1997;
USCG–2006–24371, 74 FR 11266, Mar. 16, 2009]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 166.01 Approval of nautical school
ships.
(a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315, graduation
from a nautical school vessel may be
substituted for the service requirements for able seaman and qualified
member of the engine department endorsements on merchant mariner credentials or merchant mariner’s documents.
(b) It has been made to appear to the
satisfaction of the Commandant that
the school ships operated by the States
in which they are located; namely, by
the California Maritime Academy,
Great Lakes Maritime Academy at
Northwestern Michigan College, Maine
Maritime
Academy,
Massachusetts
Maritime Academy, New York State
Maritime College, and Texas Maritime
Academy, and by the United States
Merchant Marine Academy, the United
States Naval Academy, and the United
States Coast Guard Academy, have
adopted a course of study for their students complying with the rules prescribed by the Commandant, and a system of instruction adequate to equip
the deck and engineering students
theoretically and physically in the rudiments of seamanship and navigation
necessary to qualify the graduates for
the rating of ‘‘able seamen’’ and in all
branches of marine engineering necessary to qualify the graduates for the

§ 166.05 Course of study for deck students.
The course of study for deck students
shall include (a) all the instructions in
the rudiments of seamanship and navigation necessary to equip the student
fully with the theoretical knowledge
required for the proper discharge of the
duties developing upon able seaman;
(b) a thorough practical training in the
mechanics of all operations incident to
the sailing and management of a vessel
insofar as such operations form a part
of the duties of able seamen.
§ 166.10 Course of study for engineering students.
The course of study for engineering
students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip the
student with the theoretical knowledge
required for the proper discharge of the
duties developing upon qualified members of the engine department; (b) a
thorough practical training in the mechanics of all operations incident to
the sailing and management of a vessel
insofar as such operations form a part
of the duties of qualified members of
the engine department.

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§ 166.15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
Subpart 167.10—Enforcement and Right of
Appeal

§ 166.15 Training for maintenance of
discipline; ship sanitation; fire and
lifeboat drills.

167.10–1 Enforcement.
167.10–50 Right of appeal.

All students shall be trained to obey
all lawful orders emanating from their
superior officers and schooled in the
rules of conduct to be observed in order
that proper discipline may be maintained on shipboard. They shall also be
instructed in the fundamentals of ship
sanitation as prescribed by law and
regulations, and shall be given intensive instruction and practical training
in all the operations incident to fire
and lifeboat drills, both in port and at
sea.

Subpart 167.15—Inspections
167.15–1 Inspections required.
167.15–5 Authority of marine inspectors.
167.15–10 Application for annual inspection.
167.15–15 Application for inspection of a new
nautical school ship or a conversion of a
vessel to a nautical school ship.
167.15–20 Inspections of nautical school
ships.
167.15–25 Inspection standards for hulls,
boilers and machinery.
167.15–27 Definitions relating to hull examinations.
167.15–28 Inspection of lifesaving appliances
and arrangements.
167.15–30 Drydock examination, internal
structural examination, and underwater
survey intervals.
167.15–33 Underwater Survey in Lieu of
Drydocking (UWILD).
167.15–35 Notice and plans required.
167.15–40 Integral fuel oil tank examinations—T/ALL.
167.15–50 Tailshaft examinations.

§ 166.20 Applicants for certificates;
when eligible for examination.
Applicants for certificates as able
seamen will be eligible for examination
after they have completed a course of
study as outlined in §§ 166.05, 166.15, and
applicants for certificates as qualified
members of the engine department
after they have completed a course of
study as outlined in §§ 166.10, 166.15.

Subpart 167.20—Hull Requirements, Construction and Arrangement of Nautical
School Ships

PART 167—PUBLIC NAUTICAL
SCHOOL SHIPS

167.20–1 Construction.
167.20–7 Subdivision and stability.
167.20–10 Means of escape.
167.20–15 Scupper, sanitary and similar discharges.
167.20–17 Bilge pumps, bilge piping and
sounding arrangements.
167.20–35 Liquid ballast.

Subpart 167.01—General Provisions
Sec.
167.01–1 Basis and purpose of part.
167.01–5 Application of regulations.
167.01–7 Ocean or unlimited coastwise vessels on inland and Great Lakes routes.
167.01–8 Inspection of school ships using
gross tonnage criterion.
167.01–10 Effective date of regulations.
167.01–15 Specifications for articles or materials.
167.01–20 OMB control numbers assigned
pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction
Act.

Subpart 167.25—Marine Engineering
167.25–1 Boilers, pressure vessels, piping and
appurtenances.
167.25–5 Inspection of boilers, pressure vessels, piping and appurtenances.

Subpart 167.30—Repairs or Alterations
167.30–1 Notice of repairs or alterations required.
167.30–5 Proceeding to another port for repairs.
167.30–10 Special operating requirements.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 167.05—Definitions
167.05–1
167.05–5
167.05–10
167.05–15
167.05–20
167.05–25
167.05–30
tion.
167.05–35
167.05–40

Definition of terms.
Approved.
Commandant.
Coast Guard District Commander.
Marine inspector or inspector.
Nautical school ship.
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspec-

Subpart 167.35—Lifesaving Equipment
167.35–1

General.

Subpart 167.40—Certain Equipment
Requirements

Public nautical school.
Underwater survey.

167.40–1

Electrical installations.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.01–5

167.40–5 Alarm bells.
167.40–7 Voice tubes, telephone, and telegraph systems.
167.40–20 Deep-sea sounding apparatus.
167.40–25 Signaling lamp.
167.40–30 Guards and rails.
167.40–40 Radar.
167.40–45 Magnetic
compass
and
gyrocompass.

167.60–10 Exhibition of certificate of inspection.
167.60–15 Manning and persons allowed to be
carried.

Subpart 167.65—Special Operating
Requirements
167.65–1 Emergency training, musters, and
drills.
167.65–5 Flashing the rays of a searchlight
or other blinding light.
167.65–15 Routing instructions; strict compliance with.
167.65–20 Unnecessary whistling.
167.65–25 Steering gear tests.
167.65–35 Use of auto pilot.
167.65–38 Loading doors.
167.65–40 Draft.
167.65–42 Verification of vessel compliance
with applicable stability requirements.
167.65–45 Notice to mariners; aids to navigation.
167.65–50 Posting placards of lifesaving signals.
167.65–60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.
167.65–65 Notice and reporting of casualty
and voyage records.
167.65–70 Reports of accidents, repairs, and
unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers.

Subpart 167.43—Work Vests
167.43–1 Application.
167.43–5 Approved types of work vests.
167.43–10 Use.
167.43–15 Shipboard stowage.
167.43–20 Shipboard inspections.
167.43–25 Additional requirements for hybrid
work vests.

Subpart 167.45—Special Firefighting and
Fire Prevention Requirements
167.45–1 Steam, carbon dioxide, and halon
fire extinguishing systems.
167.45–5 Steam fire pumps or their equivalent.
167.45–10 Couplings on fire hose.
167.45–15 Capacity of pipes and hose.
167.45–20 Examination and testing of pumps
and fire-extinguishing equipment.
167.45–25 Fire mains and hose connections.
167.45–30 Use
of
approved
fire-fighting
equipment.
167.45–40 Fire-fighting equipment on nautical school ships using oil as fuel.
167.45–45 Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing
system requirements.
167.45–50 Foam smothering system requirements.
167.45–60 Emergency breathing apparatus
and flame safety lamps.
167.45–65 Portable fire extinguishers in accommodation spaces.
167.45–70 Portable fire extinguishers, general requirements.
167.45–75 Fire extinguishers for emergency
powerplants.
167.45–80 Fire axes.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3307, 6101, 8105;
E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p.
277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12,
1951, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 167.01—General
Provisions
§ 167.01–1

Subpart 167.50—Accommodations
167.50–1

Hospital accommodations.

Subpart 167.55—Special Markings
Required
167.55–1 Draft marks and draft indicating
systems.
167.55–5 Marking of fire and emergency
equipment.
pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Basis and purpose of part.

The rules and regulations in this part
are prescribed and apply to public nautical school ships, except vessels of the
Navy or Coast Guard. It is the intent of
the regulations in this part to provide
minimum standards for vessels used as
nautical school ships in accordance
with the various inspection statutes
and to obtain their correct and uniform
application. This part is not applicable
to civilian nautical school ships.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51216, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 167.01–5

Subpart 167.60—Certificates of Inspection

Application of regulations.

(a) Regulations in this part contain
requirements for the design, construction, inspection, lifesaving equipment,

167.60–1 Issuance by Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
167.60–5 Period of time for which valid.

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§ 167.01–7

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

firefighting and fire prevention requirements, special operating requirements and number of persons allowed
to be carried on nautical school ships.
(b) Vessels owned or chartered by the
United States Maritime Administration that may be used by or in connection with any nautical school are not
normally considered as merchant vessels of the United States and, therefore, are not documented.
(c) Documented nautical school ships
of 500 gross tons or more, on international voyages, shall comply with
the standards of the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974,
for cargo vessels.

(b) Amendments to regulations in
this part will not be retroactive in effect unless specifically made so at the
time the amendments are issued.
§ 167.01–15 Specifications for articles
or materials.
Articles of equipment or materials
used in the equipment or the construction of vessels, which conform to the
specifications of the Navy or Coast
Guard or their approved equivalent,
may be accepted.
§ 167.01–20 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork
Reduction Act.
(a) Purpose. This section collects and
displays the control numbers assigned
to information collection and recordkeeping requirements in this subchapter by the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (44
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The Coast Guard intends that this section comply with the
requirements of 44 U.S.C. 3507(f), which
requires that agencies display a current control number assigned by the
Director of the OMB for each approved
agency information collection requirement.
(b) Display.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 69–127, 35 FR 9982, June 17,
1970; CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30663, July 26, 1990]

§ 167.01–7 Ocean or unlimited coastwise vessels on inland and Great
Lakes routes.
(a) Vessels inspected and certificated
for ocean or unlimited coastwise routes
shall be considered suitable for navigation insofar as the provisions of this
subchapter are concerned on any inland route, including the Great Lakes.
[CGFR 59–10, 24 FR 3240, Apr. 25, 1959]

§ 167.01–8 Inspection of school ships
using gross tonnage criterion.
(a) One of the criteria used for invocation of safety standards is the descriptions of school ships by relative
sizes in gross tonnages. When it is determined in accordance with § 70.05–20
of this chapter that a particular school
ship has a Bureau of Customs’ assigned
gross register tonnage which is not indicative of the relative physical size of
the vessel, the requirements in this
part and the manning shall be that applicable to a vessel of the greater relative size.

Current
OMB control
No

§ 167.15–35 .......................................................
§ 167.65–38 .......................................................
§ 167.65–42 .......................................................

1625–0032
1625–0064
1625–0064

[CGD 88–072, 53 FR 34298, Sept. 6, 1988, as
amended by CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11,
1992; USCG–2004–18884, 69 FR 58350, Sept. 30,
2004]

Subpart 167.05—Definitions
§ 167.05–1

[CGFR 60–50, 25 FR 7982, Aug. 18, 1960]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

46 CFR part or section where identified or described

Definition of terms.

Certain terms used in the regulations
of this part are defined in this subpart.

§ 167.01–10 Effective date of regulations.
(a) The regulations in this part shall
be in effect on and after July 1, 1951:
Provided, That amendments, revisions,
or additions shall become effective 90
days after the date of publication in
the FEDERAL REGISTER unless the Commandant shall fix a different time.

§ 167.05–5

Approved.

This term means approved by the
Commandant unless otherwise stated.
§ 167.05–10

Commandant.

This term means Commandant of the
Coast Guard.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.15–1

§ 167.05–15 Coast Guard District Commander.

§ 167.05–35

This term means an officer of the
Coast Guard designated as such by the
Commandant to command all Coast
Guard activities within the officer’s
district, which include the inspections,
enforcement, and administration of
Subtitle II of Title 46, U.S. Code, Title
46 and Title 33 U.S. Code, and regulations issued under these statutes.

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

§ 167.05–40

[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51216, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 167.05–20
tor.

Underwater survey.

Underwater survey means the examination of the vessel’s underwater hull
including all through-hull fittings and
appurtenances, while the vessel is
afloat.

Marine inspector or inspec-

These terms mean any person from
the civilian or military branch of the
Coast Guard assigned under the superintendence and direction of an Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection, or any
other person as may be designated for
the performance of duties with respect
to the inspections, enforcement, and
administration of Subtitle II of Title
46, U.S. Code, Title 46 and Title 33 U.S.
Code, and regulations issued under
these statutes.

[USCG–2000–6858, 67 FR 21082, Apr. 29, 2002]

Subpart 167.10—Enforcement and
Right of Appeal
§ 167.10–1

Enforcement.

[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30, 1997]

The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, is responsible for the performance
of duties within the officer’s jurisdiction with respect to inspection of nautical school ships.

§ 167.05–25

[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30, 1997]

Nautical school ship.

The term nautical school ship means a
vessel operated by or in connection
with a nautical school or an educational institution under Section 13 of
the Coast Guard Authorization Act of
1986.

§ 167.10–50

Right of appeal.

Any person directly affected by a decision or action taken under this part,
by or on behalf of the Coast Guard,
may appeal therefrom in accordance
with subpart 1.03 of this chapter.

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

[CGD 88–033, 54 FR 50381, Dec. 6, 1989]

§ 167.05–30 Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Public nautical school.

The term public nautical school means
any school or branch thereof operated
by any State or political subdivision
thereof or a school operated by the
United States Maritime Administration that offers instruction for the primary purpose of training for service in
the merchant marine.

Subpart 167.15—Inspections

This term means any person from the
civilian or military branch of the Coast
Guard designated as such by the Commandant and who, under the superintendence and direction of the Coast
Guard District Commander, is in
charge of an inspection zone for the
performance of duties with respect to
the inspections, enforcement, and administration of Subtitle II of Title 46,
U.S. Code, Title 46 and Title 33 U.S.
Code, and regulations issued under
these statutes.

§ 167.15–1

Inspections required.

(a) Before a vessel may be used as a
nautical school ship, it shall be inspected by the Coast Guard to determine that the hull, boilers, machinery,
equipment and appliances comply with
the regulations in this part.
(b) Every nautical school ship subject
to the regulations in this part shall be
inspected annually, or oftener if necessary, by the Coast Guard to determine that the hull, boilers, machinery,
equipment and appliances comply with
the regulations in this part.

[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30, 1997]

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§ 167.15–5

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(c) Nautical school ships while laid
up and dismantled and out of commission are exempt from any or all inspections required by law or regulations in
this part.

machinery, equipment, and appliances
generally for compliance with the regulations in this subpart and in addition
will inspect and test certain specific
items as specifically set forth in this
part.
(b) To renew a Certificate of Inspection, you must submit an application
at least 30 days before the expiration of
the vessel’s current certificate.

§ 167.15–5 Authority of marine inspectors.
Marine inspectors may at any time
lawfully inspect any nautical school
ship.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 167.15–10 Application for annual inspection.
Application in writing for the annual
inspection of every nautical school ship
required to be inspected by law and the
regulations in this part shall be made
by the master, owner, or agent to the
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
at any local Marine Inspection Office,
U.S. Coast Guard, where the nautical
school ship may be operating. The application shall be on Form CG 3752, Application for Inspection of U.S. Vessel,
which requires information on name
and type of vessel, nature of employment and route in which to be operated, place where and date when the
vessel may be inspected, and that no
other application has been made to any
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
since the issuance of the last valid certificate of inspection.

§ 167.15–25 Inspection standards
hulls, boilers and machinery.

Except as otherwise provided by law
or regulations in this subpart, the following standards shall be accepted as
standard by the inspectors:
(a) American Bureau of Shipping
‘‘Rules for Building and Classing Steel
Vessels’’ regarding the construction of
hulls, boilers and machinery in effect
on the date of inspection. These rules
may be purchased from the American
Bureau of Shipping (ABS), ABS Plaza,
16855 Northchase Drive, Houston, TX
77060.
(b) U. S. Navy Standard Construction
Specification in effect on the date of
inspection.
(c) U. S. Coast Guard Standard Construction Specification in effect on the
date of inspection.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 64–19, 29 FR 7361, June 5,
1964]

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by USCG–1999–6216, 64 FR 53228, Oct.
1, 1999; USCG–2000–7790, 65 FR 58464, Sept. 29,
2000]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.15–15 Application for inspection
of a new nautical school ship or a
conversion of a vessel to a nautical
school ship.
Prior to the commencement of the
construction of a new nautical school
ship, or a conversion of a vessel to a
nautical school ship, application for
the approval of contract plans and
specifications and for a certificate of
inspection shall be made in writing by
the owner or agent to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, at the nearest local Marine Inspection Office, U.S.
Coast Guard.

§ 167.15–27 Definitions relating to hull
examinations.
As used in this part—
(a) Drydock examination means hauling out a vessel or placing a vessel in a
drydock or slipway for an examination
of all accessible parts of the vessel’s
underwater body and all through-hull
fittings, sea chests, sea valves, sea
strainers, and valves for the emergency
bilge suction.
(b) Internal structural examination
means an examination of the vessel
while afloat or in drydock and consists
of a complete examination of the vessel’s main strength members, including
the major internal framing, the hull

§ 167.15–20 Inspections
of
nautical
school ships.
(a) At each annual inspection, or
oftener if deemed necessary, the inspector will inspect the hull, boilers,

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.15–33

plating, voids, and ballast tanks, but
not including cargo or fuel oil tanks.

ules in paragraphs (a) through (c) of
this section because it is on a voyage,
must undergo the required examinations upon completion of the voyage.
(e) The Commandant (CG–543) may
authorize extensions to the examination intervals specified in paragraphs
(a) and (b) of this section.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39655, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988]

§ 167.15–28 Inspection of lifesaving appliances and arrangements.
The inspection of lifesaving appliances and arrangements must be in accordance with the requirements for
special purpose vessels in subchapter W
(Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39655, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988; CGD
95–072, 60 FR 50467, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041,
61 FR 50734, Sept. 27, 1996; USCG–2000–6858, 67
FR 21082, Apr. 29, 2002; USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR
49239, Sept. 25, 2009]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

§ 167.15–33 Underwater Survey in Lieu
of Drydocking (UWILD).

§ 167.15–30 Drydock examination, internal structural examination, and
underwater survey intervals.
(a) Except as provided for in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section,
each vessel must undergo drydock and
internal structural examinations as
follows:
(1) If your vessel operates in saltwater, it must undergo two drydock examinations and two internal structural
examinations within any 5-year period
unless it has been approved to undergo
an underwater survey (UWILD) under
§ 167.15–33 of this part. No more than
three years may elapse between any
two examinations.
(2) If your vessel operated in fresh
water at least 50 percent of the time
since your last drydocking, it must undergo a dry dock and internal structural examination at intervals not to
exceed 5 years unless it has been approved to undergo an underwater survey (UWILD) under § 167.15–33 of this
part.
(b) Vessels with wooden hulls must
undergo two drydock and two internal
structural examinations within any
five year period regardless of the type
of water in which they operate. No
more than three years may elapse between any two examinations.
(c) If, during an internal structural
examination damage or deterioration
to the hull plating or structural members is discovered, the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, may require the vessel to be drydocked or otherwise taken out of service to further
assess the extent of the damage and to
effect permanent repairs.
(d) Each vessel which has not met
with the applicable examination sched-

(a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI), may approve an underwater survey instead of a drydock
examination at alternating intervals if
your vessel is—
(1) Less than 15 years of age;
(2) A steel or aluminum hulled vessel;
(3) Fitted with an effective hull protection system; and
(4) Described in 46 CFR 167.15–30(a)(1)
or (2).
(b) For vessels less than 15 years of
age, you must submit an application
for an underwater survey to the OCMI
at least 90 days before your vessel’s
next required drydock examination.
The application must include—
(1) The procedure for carrying out
the underwater survey;
(2) The time and place of the underwater survey;
(3) The method used to accurately determine the diver’s or remotely operated vehicle’s (ROV) location relative
to the hull;
(4) The means for examining all
through-hull
fittings
and
appurtenances;
(5) The means for taking shaft bearing clearances;
(6) The condition of the vessel, including the anticipated draft of the
vessel at the time of survey;
(7) A description of the hull protection system; and
(8) The name and qualifications of
any third party examiner.
(c) If your vessel is 15 years old or
older, the District Commander, may
approve an underwater survey instead
of a drydock examination at alternating intervals. You must submit an

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§ 167.15–35

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

application for an underwater survey
to the OCMI at least 90 days before
your vessel’s next required drydock examination. You may be allowed this
option if—
(1) The vessel is qualified under paragraphs (a)(2) through (4) of this section;
(2) Your application includes the information in paragraphs (b)(1) through
(b)(8) of this section; and
(3) During the vessel’s drydock examination, preceding the underwater survey, a complete set of hull gaugings
was taken and they indicated that the
vessel was free from appreciable hull
deterioration.
(d) After the drydock examination required in paragraph (c)(3) of this section, the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection submits a recommendation for
future underwater surveys, the results
of the hull gauging, and the results of
the Coast Guards’ drydock examination results to the cognizant District
Commander for review.

§ 167.15–40 Integral fuel oil tank examinations—T/ALL.
(a) Each fuel oil tank with at least
one side integral to the vessel’s hull
and located within the hull (‘‘integral
fuel oil tank’’) is subject to inspection
as provided in this section. The owner
or operator of the vessel shall have the
tanks cleaned out and gas freed as necessary to permit internal examination
of the tank or tanks designated by the
marine inspector. The owner or operator shall arrange for an examination
of the fuel tanks of each vessel during
an internal structural examination at
intervals not to exceed five years.
(b) Integral non-double-bottom fuel
oil tanks need not be cleaned out and
internally examined if the marine inspector is able to determine by external examination that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(c) Double-bottom fuel oil tanks on
vessels less than 10 years of age need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by external examination
that the general condition of the tanks
is satisfactory.
(d) Double-bottom fuel oil tanks on
vessels 10 years of age or older but less
than 15 years of age need not be
cleaned out and internally examined if
the marine inspector is able to determine by internal examination of at
least one forward double-bottom fuel
oil tank, and by external examination
of all other double-bottom fuel oil
tanks on the vessel, that the general
condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(e) All double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on vessels 15 years of age or older need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by internal examination
of at least one forward, one amidships,
and one aft double-bottom fuel oil
tank, and by external examination of
all other double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on the vessel, that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.

[USCG–2000–6858, 67 FR 21083, Apr. 29, 2002]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.15–35

Notice and plans required.

(a) The master, owner, operator, or
agent of the vessel shall notify the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
whenever the vessel is to be drydocked
regardless
of
the
reason
for
drydocking.
(b) Each vessel, except barges, that
holds a Load Line Certificate must
have on board a plan showing the vessel’s scantlings. This plan must be
made available to the Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the vessel undergoes a drydock examination, internal structural examination, underwater survey, or whenever repairs are
made to the vessel’s hull.
(c) Each barge that holds a Load Line
Certificate must have a plan showing
the barge’s scantlings. The plan need
not be maintained on board the barge
but must be made available to the
Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the barge undergoes a drydock examination, internal structural examination, underwater survey, or whenever repairs are made to the barge’s
hull.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39655, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988]

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39655, Oct. 23, 1987; USCG–
2000–6858, 67 FR 21083, Apr. 29, 2002]

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.25–1
cient means for preventing the ingress
of water in the event of a fracture of
such pipes. The requirements do not
apply to the discharges in the machinery space connected with the main and
auxiliary engines, pumps, etc.

§ 167.15–50 Tailshaft examinations.
Tailshaft examinations on nautical
school ships must conform with the examination requirements in part 61 of
this chapter.
[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39655, Oct. 23, 1987]

§ 167.20–17 Bilge pumps, bilge piping
and sounding arrangements.

Subpart
167.20—Hull
Requirements, Construction and Arrangement of Nautical School
Ships

The number, capacity, and arrangement of bilge pumps and bilge piping
shall be in accordance with the requirements for cargo vessels contained in
parts 50 to 61 of Subchapter F (Marine
Engineering) of this chapter. Sounding
pipes shall be fitted in each compartment, except those accessible at all
times. The main and secondary drain
systems installed in accordance with
U.S. Navy or U.S. Coast Guard Construction Specifications shall be accepted as meeting the intent of this
section.

§ 167.20–1 Construction.
Except as otherwise provided by law
or regulations in this subpart, the following standards for construction are
acceptable.
(a) American Bureau of Shipping
‘‘Rules for Building and Classing Steel
Vessels’’ regarding the construction of
hulls, boilers and machinery in effect
on the date of inspection. These rules
may be purchased from the American
Bureau of Shipping (ABS), Two World
Trade Center—106th Floor, New York,
NY 10048.
(b) U. S. Navy Standard Construction
Specification in effect on the date of
inspection.
(c) U. S. Coast Guard Standard Construction Specification in effect on the
date of inspection.

[CGFR 52–43, 17 FR 9542, Oct. 18, 1952]

§ 167.20–35

[CGFR 51–11, 16 GR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by USCG–1999–6216, 64 FR 53228, Oct.
1, 1999]

§ 167.20–7 Subdivision and stability.
Each vessel must meet the applicable
requirements in Subchapter S of this
chapter.

[CGFR 62–17, 27 FR 9046, Sept. 11, 1962, as
amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29,
1995]

[CGD 79–023, 48 FR 51010, Nov. 4, 1983]

Subpart 167.25—Marine
Engineering

§ 167.20–10 Means of escape.
(a) On all nautical school ships where
the arrangements will possibly permit,
all inclosures where persons may be
quartered, or where anyone may be employed, shall be provided with not less
than two avenues of escape, so located
that if one of such avenues is not available another may be.
pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Liquid ballast.

When water ballasting of fuel tanks
is necessary, such oily ballast shall not
be subsequently discharged overboard
within any of the prohibited zones as
defined by the Oil Pollution Act, 1961
(33 U.S.C. 1011), except through oily
water separators which meet the requirements in 33 CFR 155.330 through
155.380, or directly into sludge barges
or shore facilities, or other approved
means.

§ 167.25–1 Boilers, pressure
piping and appurtenances.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by
law or regulations in this subpart, all
vessels constructed or reconverted to
use as nautical school ships on or after
July 1, 1951, shall conform with one of
the following standards for boilers,
pressure vessels, piping and appurtenances:
(1) Marine engineering regulations in
parts 50 to 63, inclusive, of Subchapter
F (Marine Engineering) of this chapter.

§ 167.20–15 Scupper, sanitary and similar discharges.
(a) All scupper, sanitary, and other
similar discharges which lead through
the ship’s hull shall be fitted with effi-

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§ 167.25–5

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(2) Navy Standard Construction Specifications in effect at time of construction or conversion.
(3) U.S. Coast Guard Standard Construction Specifications in effect at
time of construction or conversion.
(b) The boilers, pressure vessels, and
appurtenances shall be inspected initially under the provisions of part 52 of
Subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of
this chapter. All alterations, replacements or repairs on nautical school
ships shall conform to the applicable
standards in paragraph (a) of this section insofar as practicable.

§ 167.30–5 Proceeding to another port
for repairs.
(a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may issue a permit to proceed
to another port for repairs, if in his
judgment it can be done with safety. In
the issuance of such a permit the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, will
state upon its face, the conditions upon
which it is granted.
(b) When a nautical school ship obtains a permit from the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, to go to another port for repairs, the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, shall so notify the Coast Guard District Commander, and state the repairs to be
made. The Coast Guard District Commander shall notify the Coast Guard
District Commander of the district
where such repairs are to be made, furnishing him a copy of the report indicating the repairs ordered.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18908, Dec. 18,
1968]

§ 167.25–5 Inspection of boilers, pressure vessels, piping and appurtenances.
The inspection of boilers, pressure
vessels, piping and appurtenances shall
be in accordance with the applicable
regulations in parts 50 to 63, inclusive,
of Subchapter F (Marine Engineering)
of this chapter, insofar as they relate
to tests and inspection of cargo vessels.

§ 167.30–10
ments.

Inspection and testing required when
making alterations, repairs, or other
such operations involving riveting,
welding, burning, or like fire-producing
actions are as follows:
(a) The provisions of ‘‘Standard for
the Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels
to be Repaired’’, NFPA No. 306, published by National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 shall be used as a guide in
conducting
the
inspections
and
issuance of certificates required by this
section.
(b) Until an inspection has been made
to determine that such operation can
be undertaken with safety, no alterations, repairs, or other such operations involving riveting, welding,
burning, or like fire-producing actions
shall be made:
(1) Within or on the boundaries of
cargo tanks which have been used to
carry combustible liquids or chemicals
in bulk; or,
(2) Within spaces adjacent to cargo
tanks which have been used to carry
Grade D combustible liquid cargo, except where the distance between such
cargo tanks and the work to be performed is not less than twenty-five (25)
feet; or,

[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18908, Dec. 18, 1968]

Subpart 167.30—Repairs or
Alterations
§ 167.30–1 Notice of repairs or alterations required.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Special operating require-

(a) It shall be the duty of the master,
owner, or agent to notify the nearest
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
whenever repairs or alterations are required, or will be made on a nautical
school ship.
(b) Whenever a nautical school ship is
placed upon the dock, it shall be the
duty of the master, owner or agent to
report the same to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, so that a
thorough inspection may be made by
the Coast Guard to determine what is
necessary to make such a nautical
school ship seaworthy, if the condition
or age of the nautical school ship, in
the judgment of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, renders such examination necessary.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.40–1

(3) Within or on the boundaries of
fuel tanks; or,
(4) To pipe lines, heating coils,
pumps, fittings, or other appurtenances
connected to such cargo or fuel tanks.
(c) Such inspections shall be made
and evidenced as follows:
(1) In ports or places in the United
States or its territories and possessions, the inspection shall be made by
a marine chemist certificated by the
National Fire Protection Association;
however, if the services of such certified marine chemist are not reasonably available, the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, upon the recommendation of the vessel owner and
his contractor or their representative,
shall select a person who, in the case of
an individual vessel, shall be authorized to make such inspection. If the inspection indicates that such operations
can be undertaken with safety, a certificate setting forth the fact in writing and qualified as may be required,
shall be issued by the certified marine
chemist or the authorized person before the work is started. Such qualifications shall include any requirements, as may be deemed necessary to
maintain, insofar as can reasonably be
done, the safe conditions in the spaces
certified throughout the operation and
shall include such additional tests and
certifications as considered required.
Such qualifications and requirements
shall include precautions necessary to
eliminate or minimize hazards that
may be present from protective coatings or residues from cargoes.
(2) When not in such a port or place,
and a marine chemist or such person
authorized by the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, is not reasonably
available, the inspection shall be made
by the senior officer present and a
proper entry shall be made in the vessel’s logbook.
(d) It shall be the responsibility of
the senior officer present to secure copies of certificates issued by the certified marine chemist or such person
authorized by the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection. It shall be the responsibility of the senior officer
present, insofar as the persons under
his control are concerned, to maintain
a safe condition on the vessel by full
observance of all qualifications and re-

quirements listed by the marine chemist in the certificate.
[CGFR 64–19, 29 FR 7361, June 5, 1964, as
amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29,
1995]

Subpart 167.35—Lifesaving
Equipment
§ 167.35–1

General.

Lifesaving appliances and arrangements on nautical school ships must be
in accordance with the requirements
for special purpose vessels in subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and
Arrangements) of this chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

Subpart 167.40—Certain
Equipment Requirements
§ 167.40–1

Electrical installations.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by
law or regulation in this part, the electrical equipment may be considered acceptable if it complies with the requirements covered by any one of the
following:
(1) U.S. Navy Standard Construction
Specifications currently in effect.
(2) U. S. Coast Guard electrical engineering requirements in Subchapter J
(Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.
(3) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) Standard
No. 45, 1945 or 1948 Revision. These
standards may be purchased from the
Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineers, Inc. (IEEE), IEEE Service
Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ
08855.
(b) Changes or alterations in the electrical installations of vessels now in
service shall be in accordance with
standards set forth in paragraph (a) of
this section.
(c) Special attention shall be given
by the inspectors in the examination of
present installation to see that it is of
such nature as to preclude any danger
of fire, giving particular attention to
wiring which is carried through wooden
bulkheads, partitions, etc.
[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 52–43, 17 FR 9543, Oct. 18,
1952; USCG–1999–6216, 64 FR 53228, Oct. 1, 1999]

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§ 167.40–5
§ 167.40–5

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
quired shall be installed, kept in working order, and ready for immediate use.

Alarm bells.

All nautical school ships over 100
gross tons shall have all sleeping accommodations, public spaces, and machinery spaces equipped with a sufficient number of alarm bells so located
as to warn all occupants. The system
shall operate from a continuous source
of electric energy capable of supplying
the system for a period of at least 8
hours without being dependent upon
the main, auxiliary or emergency generating plants. Each bell shall produce
a signal of a tone distinct from that of
other bell signals in the vicinity and
shall be independently fused, with each
of these fuses located above the bulkhead deck. The bells shall be controlled
by a manually-operated contact maker
located in the pilothouse. The characteristics of the contact maker shall be
such that it possesses:
(a) Positive contact;
(b) Watertightness (when located in
open spaces subject to weather);
(c) Means whereby its electrically
open or closed position can be determined by sense of touch;
(d) Means to affect a make-or-break
circuit for signaling; and
(e) Self-maintaining contacts.

[CGFR 58–10, 23 FR 4686, June 26, 1958, as
amended by CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5964, Jan. 31,
1977; CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996]

§ 167.40–25

§ 167.40–30

(a) Each nautical school ship shall be
fitted with an efficient means of communication between the pilothouse and
engine room. This may be by bell signals with voice tubes, telephone, or
telegraph systems.
(b) A voice tube or telephone system
between the radio room and the navigating bridge shall be provided when
the nautical school ship is equipped
with a radio installation.
(c) A voice tube or telephone system
between the pilothouse and emergency
steering station shall be provided when
the nautical school ship is equipped
with an emergency steering station.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Deep-sea

sounding

Guards and rails.

On nautical school ships all exposed
and dangerous places, such as gears
and machinery shall be properly protected with covers, guards, or rails, in
order that the danger of accidents may
be minimized. On nautical school ships
equipped with radio (wireless) the leadins shall be efficiently incased or insulated to insure the protection of persons from accidental shock. Such leadins shall be located so as not to interfere with the launching of lifeboats and
life rafts.

§ 167.40–7 Voice tubes, telephone, and
telegraph systems.

§ 167.40–20
ratus.

Signaling lamp.

Nautical school ships of over 150
gross tons shall be equipped with an efficient signaling lamp. This lamp shall
be permanently fixed above the bridge
and equipped with a Fresnel lens and
high-speed bulb, operated by a weatherproof key, fitted with a suitable condenser. The lamp shall be so connected
that it can be operated from the normal source of the nautical school ship’s
current, the emergency source, and
other emergency batteries if provided.

§ 167.40–40

Radar.

All mechanically propelled vessels of
1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or
coastwise service must be fitted with a
marine radar system for surface navigation. Facilities for plotting radar
readings must be provided on the
bridge.
[CGFR 75–074, 42 FR 5964, Jan. 31, 1977]

§ 167.40–45 Magnetic compass and gyrocompass.
(a) All mechanically propelled vessels
in ocean or coastwise service must be
fitted with a magnetic compass.
(b) All mechanically propelled vessels
of 1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or
coastwise service must be fitted with a
gyrocompass in addition to the magnetic compass.

appa-

Nautical school ships shall be
equipped with an efficient or electronic
deep-sea sounding apparatus. The electronic deep-sea sounding apparatus re-

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.45–1
determine its serviceability. If found to
be satisfactory, it may be continued in
service, but shall not be stamped by a
marine inspector with a Coast Guard
stamp. If a work vest is found not to be
in a serviceable condition, then such
work vest shall be removed from the
vessel. If a work vest is beyond repair,
it shall be destroyed or mutilated in
the presence of a marine inspector so
as to prevent its continued use as a
work vest.

(c) Each vessel must have an illuminated repeater for the gyrocompass required under paragraph (b) of this section that is at the main steering stand
unless the gyrocompass is illuminated
and is at the main steering stand.
[CFD 75–074, 42 FR 5964, Jan. 31, 1977]

Subpart 167.43—Work Vests
SOURCE: CGFR 59–22, 24 FR 4962, June 18,
1959, unless otherwise noted.

§ 167.43–25 Additional
requirements
for hybrid work vests.

§ 167.43–1 Application.
(a) Provisions of this subpart shall
apply to all vessels inspected and certificated in accordance with this subchapter.

(a) In addition to the other requirements in this subpart, commercial hybrid PFD’s must be—
(1) Used, stowed, and maintained in
accordance with the procedures set out
in the manual required for these devices by § 160.077–29 of this chapter and
any limitations(s) marked on them;
and
(2) Of the same or similar design and
have the same method of operation as
each other hybrid PFD carried on
board.

§ 167.43–5 Approved types of work
vests.
(a) Each buoyant work vest carried
under the permissive authority of this
section must be approved under—
(1) Subpart 160.053 of this chapter; or
(2) Subpart 160.077 of this chapter as
a commercial hybrid PFD.
[CGD 78–174A, 51 FR 4351, Feb. 4, 1986]

[CGD 78–174A, 51 FR 4351, Feb. 4, 1986]

§ 167.43–10 Use.
(a) Approved buoyant work vests are
considered to be items of safety apparel and may be carried aboard vessels
to be worn by crew members when
working near or over the water under
favorable working conditions. They
shall be used under the supervision and
control of designated ship’s officers.
When carried, such vests shall not be
accepted in lieu of any portion of the
required number of approved life preservers and shall not be substituted for
the approved life preservers required to
be worn during drills and emergencies.

Subpart
167.45—Special
Firefighting and Fire Prevention
Requirements
§ 167.45–1 Steam, carbon dioxide, and
halon fire extinguishing systems.
(a) General requirements. (1) Nautical
school ships shall be provided with an
inert-gas fire-extinguishing system
when required.
(2) All nautical school ships carrying
combustible cargo in the holds, between decks, or other closed cargo
compartments shall be equipped with
means for extinguishing fire in such
compartments by the use of any inertgas fire-extinguishing system approved
by the Coast Guard or Navy. However,
in specific cases where by reason of the
design, such compartments are normally accessible and considered to be
part of the working or living quarters,
a water sprinkling system may be installed in lieu of an inert-gas fire-extinguishing system. On such vessels
contracted for prior to January 1, 1962,
a steam smothering system may be accepted in lieu of the inert gas system

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.43–15 Shipboard stowage.
(a) The approved buoyant work vests
shall be stowed separately from the
regular stowage of approved life preservers.
(b) The locations for the stowage of
work vests shall be such as not to be
easily confused with that for approved
life preservers.
§ 167.43–20 Shipboard inspections.
(a) Each work vest shall be subject to
examination by a marine inspector to

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§ 167.45–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(b) Steam systems. (1) As noted in subparagraph (a)(2) of this section, steam
smothering systems are not permitted
on nautical school ships contracted for
on or after January 1, 1962, nor for new
installations on vessels contracted for
prior to that date. Where steam smothering systems are installed, the provisions of this paragraph shall be met.
(2) Steam for fire-extinguishing systems shall be available at a suitable
pressure from the main boilers or a
donkey or auxiliary boiler.
(3) The pipe lines shall be led from
not more than three stations in easily
accessible locations on the weather
deck to each cargo hold, cargo ’tweendecks, or other closed cargo compartments, and to each cargo-oil deep tank,
lamp locker, oil room, and like compartments, which lamp locker, oil
room, and like compartments, shall be
wholly and tightly lined with metal.
The steam connections to the lamp
lockers, oil rooms, and like compartments may be taken from the nearest
steam supply line, independent of the
extinguishing manifolds. In lamp lockers, oil rooms, and like compartments,
adequate means may be provided for
ventilation if suitable dampers capable
of being operated from outside the
spaces are fitted in each vent duct.
(4) Each pipe in the extinguishing
manifolds shall be fitted with a shutoff valve plainly and permanently
marked to indicate into which compartment it discharges. This requirement also applies to independent extinguishing lines.
(5) Manifold steam supply pipes shall
be fitted with master valves at the
manifolds, and provision shall be made
for draining the manifold and individual lines to protect them against
freezing. If the manifolds are located
on an open deck, they shall be enclosed
in a metal box.
(6) The minimum diameter of any
steam fire-extinguishing pipe to a
cargo hold, cargo ’tween-decks, other
closed cargo compartments, or cargooil deep tank shall be one inch, the size
and number of pipes to be governed by
the size of the compartment. The minimum diameter of any steam fire-extinguishing pipe to a lamp locker, oil
room, or like compartments, shall be
three-fourths of an inch.

for the protection of cargo holds, paint
lockers, and similar spaces. However,
although existing steam smothering
systems may be repaired, replaced, or
extended, no new systems contracted
for on or after January 1, 1962, will be
permitted.
(3) Cabinets, boxes, or casings
inclosing manifolds or valves shall be
distinctly marked in painted letters
about 3 inches in height, ‘‘Steam Fire
Apparatus,’’ or ‘‘CO2 Fire Apparatus,’’
as the case may be.
(4) Steam or gas piping fitted for extinguishing fire shall not be used for
any other purpose except that it may
be used for fire-detecting purposes.
(5) Pipes for conveying steam from
the boilers for the purpose of extinguishing fire shall not be led into the
cabins, other living spaces, or working
spaces. Pipes for conveying carbon dioxide or other extinguishing vapors for
the purpose of extinguishing fire shall
not be led into the cabins or other living spaces.
(6) Steam smothering lines shall be
tested with at least 50 pounds air pressure with ends of the smothering lines
capped, or by blowing steam through
the lines, and a survey made for detecting corrosion and defects, using the
hammer test or such other means as
may be necessary.
(7) At annual inspections, all carbon
dioxide (CO2) cylinders, whether fixed
or portable, shall be examined externally and replaced if excessive corrosion is found; and all cylinders shall
also be checked by weighing to determine contents and if found to be more
than 10 percent under required contents of carbon dioxide, the same shall
be recharged.
(8) Carbon dioxide and halon cylinders carried on board nautical school
ships must be tested and marked in accordance with the requirements of
§§ 147.60 and 147.65 of this chapter.
(9) Regarding the limitations on the
use of steam smothering in subparagraph (2) of this paragraph, this does
not preclude the introduction of steam
into such confined spaces as boiler casings or into tanks for steaming out
purposes. Such installations are not to
be considered as part of any required
fire extinguishing system.

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§ 167.45–5

(c) Inert-gas systems. (1) When a carbon dioxide (CO2) smothering system is
fitted in the cargo hold, cargo ’tweendecks, or other closed cargo compartments, or cargo-oil deep tanks, the
quantity of carbon dioxide shall be sufficient to give a gas saturation of 30
percent of the gross volume of the largest cargo hold. The quantity in pounds
of carbon dioxide required may be determined approximately by the following formula:

W=

L× B× D
30

alarm in such space, which will be
automatically sounded when the carbon dioxide is admitted to the space.
(5) Provisions shall be made to prevent the admission of air into the
lower parts of cargo holds, cargo
’tween-decks, and other closed cargo
compartments while the inert-gas system is in operation.
(6) Cylinders, piping, and controls for
the inert-gas system shall be protected
from damage and shall be securely fastened and supported.

(1)

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 54–46, 19 FR 8708, Dec. 18,
1954; CGFR 61–15, 26 FR 9303, Sept. 30, 1961;
CGFR 65–9, 30 FR 11494, Sept. 8, 1965; CGD 84–
044, 53 FR 7752, Mar. 10, 1988]

§ 167.45–5 Steam fire pumps or their
equivalent.
(a) All nautical school ships shall be
equipped with fire pumps.
(b) Nautical school ships of 100 gross
tons and under shall be equipped with
one hand fire pump with a pump-cylinder capacity not less than 100 cubic
inches, or a power-driven pump of
equivalent discharge capacity.
(c) Nautical school ships over 100
gross tons shall be equipped with fire
pumps and piping as follows:
(1) All nautical school ships shall be
provided with powerful pumps available for use as fire pumps. When of less
than 1,000 gross tons it shall have 1,
and when larger it shall have at least 2
independently driven pumps connected
to the fire main. Each pump shall be
capable of delivering two powerful jets
of water simultaneously from the highest outlets on the fire main at a Pitot
tube pressure of approximately 50
pounds per square inch.
(2) On oil-burning nautical school
ships, where two pumps are required,
they may be located in the same compartment, if the compartment is
equipped with an approved fixed carbon
dioxide extinguishing system.
(d) Outlets from the fire mains shall
be of a sufficient number and so arranged that any part of the living quarters, weather decks and any part of
cargo decks, accessible to crew, while
the nautical school ship is being navigated, may be reached with a single 50-

(2) When a carbon dioxide (CO2)
smothering system is fitted in the
lamp locker, oil room, or like compartments, the quantity in pounds of carbon dioxide required may be determined by dividing the gross volume of
the space by a factor of 22. Lamp lockers, oil rooms, and like compartments,
in all classes of vessels, shall be wholly
and tightly lined with metal. The
whole charge of gas shall be capable of
being released simultaneously by operating one valve and control, and all
cylinders shall be completely discharged in not more than two minutes.
(3) Pipes used for supplying carbon
dioxide to the cargo holds, cargo
’tween-decks, other closed cargo compartments, and cargo-oil deep tanks
shall be not less than three-fourths
inch inside diameter. Pipes used for
supplying carbon dioxide to lamp lockers, oil rooms, and like compartments
shall not be less than one-half inch inside diameter.
(4) The control(s) releasing the inert
gas shall be located in a position(s)
outside the space(s) protected and shall
be readily accessible when the vessel is
being navigated. All valves shall be
permanently marked to indicate into
which compartment they discharge. A
space which is protected by a carbon
dioxide extinguishing system, and is
normally accessible to crew while the
nautical school ship is being navigated
shall be fitted with an approved audible

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where:
W=the weight of CO2 required, in pounds.
L=the length of the hold, in feet.
B=the mean breadth of the hold, in feet,
D=the depth from tank top or flat forming
lower boundary to top of uppermost space
in which freight may be carried, in feet.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.45–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
to the specification required by this
paragraph.
(h) Each fire hydrant must have at
least one length of firehose. Each firehose on the hydrant must have a combination solid stream and water spray
firehose nozzle that is approved under
subpart 162.027 of this chapter.

foot length of hose. Outlets within accommodations and service spaces adjacent thereto shall comply with the
above or they may be so arranged that
any part may be reached with a single
75-foot length of hose provided a siamese connection is fitted at each outlet. Where the fire main is located on
an exposed deck, branches shall be provided so that the hose connections necessary to comply with the foregoing be
distributed on both sides of the nautical school ship. The fire hose shall be
connected to the outlet at all times,
except on open decks where the location of the fire hydrants is such that no
protection is afforded for the hose in
heavy weather. The fire hose may be
temporarily removed from the hydrant
when it will interfere with the handling of cargo.
(e) Outlet openings shall have a diameter of not less than 11⁄2 inches and
shall be fitted with suitable hose connections and spanners. The arrangement of the fire hydrant shall be limited to any position from the horizontal to the vertical pointing downward, so that the hose will lead downward or horizontally, in order to minimize the possibility of kinking. In no
case will a hydrant arranged in a
vertical position with the outlet pointing upward be accepted.
(f) Fire pumps shall be fitted on the
discharge side with relief valves set to
relieve at 25 pounds higher than the
pressure necessary to maintain the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this
section and a pressure gage to indicate
the pressure on the fire main. If the
fire pumps operating under shut-off
conditions are not capable of producing
a pressure exceeding 125 pounds per
square inch, the relief valve may be
omitted.
(g) Each section of fire hose used
after January 1, 1980 must be lined
commercial fire hose that conforms to
Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. Standard 19 or Federal Specification ZZ-H451E. Hose that bears the label of Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. as lined
fire hose is accepted as conforming to
this requirement. Each section of replacement fire hose or any section of
new fire hose placed aboard a vessel
after January 1, 1977 must also conform

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 60–36, 25 FR 10642, Nov. 5,
1960; CGD 74–60, 41 FR 43152, Sept. 30, 1976;
CGD 76–086, 44 FR 2394, Jan. 11, 1979]

§ 167.45–10

Couplings on fire hose.

The couplings on fire hose shall be of
brass, copper, or composition material.
All hydrants shall be provided with
suitable spanners.
§ 167.45–15

Capacity of pipes and hose.

The capacity of the pipes and hose
leading from the pumps shall in no case
be less than that of the discharge opening of the pump: Provided, however,
That the pipe and hose shall in no instance be less than 11⁄2 inches in internal diameter.
§ 167.45–20 Examination and testing of
pumps
and
fire-extinguishing
equipment.
The inspectors will examine all
pumps, hose, and other fire apparatus
and will see that the hose is subjected
to a pressure of 100 pounds to the
square inch at each annual inspection
and that the hose couplings are securely fastened.
§ 167.45–25 Fire mains and hose connections.
All pipes used as mains for conducting water from fire pumps on nautical school ships shall be of steel,
wrought iron, brass, or copper with
wrought iron brass, or composition
hose connections.
§ 167.45–30 Use of approved fire-fighting equipment.
Portable fire extinguishers or fire-extinguishing systems which conform to
the specifications of the Navy or Coast
Guard, or their approved equivalent,
may be accepted for use on nautical
school ships.

20

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§ 167.45–45
and of sufficient length to reach any
part of the boiler room and spaces containing oil-fuel pumping units.
(e) All nautical school ships propelled
by internal-combustion engines shall
be equipped with the following foam
type or carbon dioxide type fire extinguishers in the machinery spaces:
(1) One approved 12-gallon foam-type
extinguisher or one approved 35-pound
carbon dioxide type extinguisher.
(2) One approved 21⁄2-gallon foamtype, or one approved 15-pound carbon
dioxide type extinguisher for each 1,000
B. H. P. of the main engines, or fraction thereof. The total number of fire
extinguishers carried shall not be less
than two and need not exceed six.
(3) When a donkey boiler fitted to
burn oil as fuel is located in the machinery space, there shall be substituted for the 12-gallon foam type or
35-pound carbon dioxide type fire extinguisher required either one 40-gallon
foam type or one 100-pound carbon dioxide type fire extinguisher.
(f) In this section any reference to an
approved fire extinguisher means either approved by the Coast Guard or
the Navy.

§ 167.45–40 Fire-fighting equipment on
nautical school ships using oil as
fuel.
Steam-propelled
nautical
school
ships burning oil for fuel shall be fitted
with the fire-fighting equipment of the
following type and character:
(a) In each boiler room and in each of
the machinery spaces of a nautical
school ship propelled by steam, in
which a part of the fuel-oil installation
is situated, 2 or more approved fire extinguishers of the foam type of not less
than 9.5 liters (21⁄2 gallons) each or 2 or
more approved fire extinguishers of the
carbon dioxide type of not less than 33
kilograms (15 pounds) each must be
placed where accessible and ready for
immediate use. On a nautical school
ship of 1,000 gross tons and under, only
1 of the fire extinguishers may be required.
(b) In boiler and machinery spaces, at
least 2 fire hydrants must have a firehose of a length that allows each part
of the boiler and machinery spaces to
be reached by water from a combination solid stream and water spray firehose nozzle.
(c) Each firehose under paragraph (b)
of this section must have a combination solid stream and water spray firehose nozzle that meets subpart 162.027
of this chapter. Combination nozzles
and low-velocity water spray applicators previously approved under subpart
162.027 of this chapter may remain so
long as they are maintained in good
condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(d) On every steam propelled nautical
school ship of over 1,000 gross tons having one boiler room there shall be provided one fire extinguisher of the foam
type of at least 40 gallons rated capacity or one carbon dioxide (CO2) extinguisher of at least 100 pounds. If the
nautical school ship has more than one
boiler room, an extinguisher of the
above type shall be provided in each
boiler room. On every steam propelled
nautical school ship of 1,000 gross tons
and under, foam type fire extinguishers
of at least 20 gallons rated capacity or
carbon dioxide (CO2) extinguishers of
at least 50 pounds shall be used. Extinguishers fitted shall be equipped with
suitable hose and nozzles on reels or
other practicable means easy of access,

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGD 76–086, 44 FR 2394, Jan. 11,
1979; CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996]

§ 167.45–45 Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system requirements.
(a) When a carbon dioxide (CO2)
smothering system is fitted in the boiler room, the quantity of carbon dioxide
carried shall be sufficient to give a gas
saturation of 25 percent of the gross
volume of the largest boiler room from
tank top to top of the boilers. Top of
the boilers is to be considered as the
top of the shell of a Scotch or leg type
of boiler, and the top of the casing or
drum, whichever is the higher, on
water-tube boilers. The quantity of
carbon dioxide required may be determined approximately by the following
formula:

W=

L× B× D
36

(1)

where:
W=the weight of CO2 required in pounds.
L=the length of the boiler room in feet.
B=the breadth of the boiler room in feet.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.45–50

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

D=the distance in feet from tank top or flat
forming lower boundary to top of boilers.

§ 167.45–60 Emergency breathing apparatus and flame safety lamps.

(b) When a carbon dioxide (CO2)
smothering system is fitted in the machinery space of a nautical school ship
propelled by internal combustion engines, the quantity of carbon dioxide
required may be determined approximately by the following formula:

Each nautical-school ship must be
equipped with the following devices:
(a) Two pressure-demand, open circuit, self-contained breathing apparatus, approved by the Mine Safety and
Health Administration (MSHA) and by
the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) and having
at a minimum a 30-minute air supply, a
full face piece, and a spare charge for
each. A self-contained compressed-air
breathing apparatus previously approved under part 160, subpart 160.011,
of this chapter may continue in use as
required equipment if it was part of the
vessel’s equipment on November 23,
1992, and as long as it is maintained in
good condition to the satisfaction of
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(b) One flame safety lamp approved
by the Coast Guard or Navy.

W=

L× B× D
22

(2)

where:
W=the weight of CO2 required in pounds.
L=the length of machinery space in feet.
B=breadth of the machinery space in feet.
D=distance in feet from tank top or flat
forming lower boundary to the underside of
deck forming the batch opening.

(c) The whole charge of gas shall be
capable of being released simultaneously by operating one valve and
control. All cylinders shall be completely discharged in not more than
two minutes. The arrangement of the
piping shall be such as to give a general and fairly uniform distribution
over the entire area protected. An
alarm which shall operate automatically with the operation of the system
shall be provided to give a warning in
the space when the carbon dioxide is
about to be released. Provision shall be
made to prevent the admission of air
into the lower parts of the boiler or engine room while the system is in operation.
smothering

§ 167.45–65 Portable fire extinguishers
in accommodation spaces.
(a) All nautical school ships shall be
provided with such number of good and
efficient portable fire extinguishers approved by the Navy or Coast Guard as
follows:
(1) Nautical school ships less than 150
feet in length shall have at least two
fire extinguishers on each passenger
deck.
(2) Nautical school ships 150 feet and
over in length shall be provided with at
least one fire extinguisher for every 150
linear feet of corridor length or fraction thereof in the spaces occupied by
passengers and crew.
(3) In all public spaces fire extinguishers shall be located not more than
150 feet apart.
(b) The number of required fire extinguishers is based on the capacity of the
ordinary fire extinguisher, which is
about 21⁄2 gallons, and no fire extinguisher of larger capacity shall be allowed a greater rating than that of the
ordinary fire extinguisher. Fire extinguishers of approved types of less capacity are allowable when their total
contents equal the required quantity.

system

(a) When a foam-type system is
fitted, its capacity shall be such as to
rapidly discharge over the entire area
of the bilge (tank top) of the largest
boiler room a volume of foam 6 inches
deep in not more than 3 minutes. The
arrangement of piping shall be such as
to give a uniform distribution over the
entire area protected.
(b) The foam-type system may be of a
type approved by the Navy or Coast
Guard. All containers and valves by
which the system is operated shall be
easily accessible and so placed that
control valves and containers will not
readily be cut off from use by an outbreak of fire.

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§ 167.45–50 Foam
requirements.

[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48326, Oct. 23, 1992, as
amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30,
1997]

Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.45–80
ated type fire extinguishers shall be
checked by examining the extinguishing agents to determine if in still
good condition and by examining the
pressure cartridge. If the cartridge end
is punctured, or it the cartridge is otherwise determined to have leaked or to
be in an unsuitable condition, the pressure cartridge shall be rejected and a
new one inserted. Stored pressure type
extinguishers shall be checked by determining that the pressure gage is in
the operating range, and the full
charge of extinguishing agent is in the
chamber. The hoses and nozzles of all
fire extinguishers shall be inspected to
see that they are clear and in good condition.

§ 167.45–70 Portable fire extinguishers,
general requirements.
(a) Extra charges shall be carried on
board for 50 percent of each size and variety of fire extinguishers provided. If
50 percent of each size and variety of
fire extinguishers carried gives a fractional result, extra charges shall be
provided for the next largest whole
number.
(1) The following is an example:
Fire extinguishers carried:

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

1
2
3
4
5

Extra charges required

..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

1
1
2
2
3

(2) When the portable fire extinguisher is of such variety that it cannot be readily recharged by the vessel’s
personnel, one spare unit of the same
classification shall be carried in lieu of
spare charges for all such units of the
same size and variety.
(b) Recharges, particularly the acid,
used in charging soda-and-acid type of
fire extinguishers, shall be packed in
such manner that the filling operation
(i.e., in recharging the extinguisher)
can be performed without subjecting
the person doing the recharging to
undue risk of acid burns and shall be
contained in Crown stopper type of bottle.
(c) [Reserved]
(d) Fire extinguishers shall be located in such places as in the judgment
of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, will be most convenient and serviceable in case of emergency and so arranged that they may be easily removed from their fastenings.
(e) Every fire extinguisher provided
shall be examined at each annual inspection to determine that it is still in
good condition. Soda-and-acid and
foam fire extinguishers shall be tested
by discharging the contents, cleaning
thoroughly, and then refilling. Carbon
dioxide fire extinguishers shall be
checked by weighing to determine contents and if found to be more than 10
percent under required contents of carbon dioxide shall be recharged. Pump
tank fire extinguishers shall be tested
by pumping and discharging the contents, cleaning thoroughly, and then
refilling or recharging. Cartridge-oper-

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 54–46, 19 FR 8708, Dec. 18,
1954; CGFR 59–21, 24 FR 7196; Sept. 5, 1959;
CGFR 60–17, 25 FR 2667, Mar. 30, 1960; CGFR
62–17, 27 FR 9047, Sept. 11, 1962]

§ 167.45–75 Fire
extinguishers
emergency powerplants.

In compartments where emergency
lighting and wireless units are located,
two fire extinguishers approved by the
Coast Guard or the Navy, of either carbon dioxide or dry chemical type, shall
be permanently located at the most accessible points. In addition, two fire extinguishers of the above types, or foam
type, shall be permanently located so
as to be readily accessible to the emergency fuel tanks containing gasoline,
benzine or naphtha.
[CGFR 58–29, 23 FR 6882, Sept. 6, 1958, as
amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30,
1997]

§ 167.45–80

Fire axes.

(a) All nautical school ships shall be
provided with fire axes, as follows:
Number
of axes
Gross tons of nautical school ships:
All not over 50 tons ..........................................
All over 50 tons and not over 200 tons ............
All over 200 tons and not over 500 tons ..........
All over 500 tons and not over 1,000 tons .......
All over 1,000 tons ...........................................

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1
2
4
6
8

(b) All fire axes shall be located so as
to be readily found in time of need,
shall not be used for general purposes,
and shall be kept in good condition.

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§ 167.50–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
system from which the bow and stern
drafts can be determined.

Subpart 167.50—
Accommodations

[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11, 1992]

§ 167.50–1

Hospital accommodations.
§ 167.55–5 Marking of fire and emergency equipment.
Marking of fire and emergency apparatus, watertight doors, lifeboat embarkation stations and direction signs,
stateroom notices, instructions for
changing steering gears, etc., shall be
carried out as follows:
(a) General alarm bell switch. The general alarm bell switch in the pilothouse or fire control station shall be
clearly marked with lettering on a
brass plate or with a sign in red letters
on suitable background: ‘‘General
Alarm.’’
(b) General alarm bells. General alarm
bells shall be marked in not less than
1⁄2-inch red letters: ‘‘General Alarm—
When Bell Rings Go to Your Station.’’
(c) Steam, foam or CO2 fire smothering
apparatus. Steam, foam or CO2 fire
smothering apparatus shall be marked
‘‘Steam Fire Apparatus’’ or ‘‘Foam
Fire Apparatus’’ or ‘‘CO2 Fire Apparatus’’, as appropriate, in not less than
2-inch red letters. The valves of all
branch piping leading to the several
compartments shall be distinctly
marked to indicate the compartments
or parts of the nautical school ship to
which they lead.
(d) Fire hose stations. At each fire
hose valve there shall be marked in not
less than 2-inch red letters and figures
‘‘Fire Station 1,’’ 2, 3, etc.
(e) Emergency squad equipment. Lockers or spaces containing equipment for
use of the emergency squad shall be
marked ‘‘Emergency Squad Equipment.’’ Lockers or spaces where oxygen
or fresh air breathing apparatus is
stowed shall be marked ‘‘Oxygen
Breathing Apparatus’’ or ‘‘Fresh Air
Breathing Apparatus,’’ as appropriate.
(f) Fire extinguishers. Each fire extinguisher shall be marked with a number
and the location where stowed shall be
marked in corresponding numbers in
not less than 1-inch figures.
(g) Watertight doors. Each watertight
door shall be numbered in at least 2inch letters and figures ‘‘W.T.D. 1,’’ 2,
3, etc. The color of the marking shall
be in contrast to the background. All
watertight door remote hand-closing

Each nautical school ship, which
makes voyages of more than 3 days’ duration between ports and carries 12 or
more persons, shall be equipped with a
compartment suitably separated from
other spaces for hospital purposes, and
such compartment shall have at least 1
bunk for every 12 persons allowed to be
carried: Provided, That not more than 6
bunks shall be required in any case.

Subpart 167.55—Special Markings
Required

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.55–1 Draft marks and draft indicating systems.
(a) All vessels must have draft marks
plainly and legibly visible upon the
stem and upon the sternpost or
rudderpost or at any place at the stern
of the vessel as may be necessary for
easy observance. The bottom of each
mark must indicate the draft.
(b) The draft must be taken from the
bottom of the keel to the surface of the
water at the location of the marks.
(c) In cases where the keel does not
extend forward or aft to the location of
the draft marks, due to a raked stem or
cut away skeg, the draft must be measured from a line projected from the
bottom of the keel forward or aft, as
the case may be, to the location of the
draft marks.
(d) In cases where a vessel may have
a skeg or other appendage extending
locally below the line of the keel, the
draft at the end of the vessel adjacent
to such appendage must be measured to
a line tangent to the lowest part of
such appendage and parallel to the line
of the bottom of the keel.
(e) Draft marks must be separated so
that the projections of the marks onto
a vertical plane are of uniform height
equal to the vertical spacing between
consecutive marks.
(f) Draft marks must be painted in
contrasting color to the hull.
(g) In cases where draft marks are obscured due to operational constraints
or by protrusions, the vessel must be
fitted with a reliable draft indicating

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.60–15
issue a certificate of inspection with
the following indorsement: ‘‘Nautical
School Ship’’ in lieu of the classification ‘‘Passenger vessel’’, ‘‘cargo vessel’’, etc.
(b) When a nautical school ship, in
the opinion of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, may be navigated
on the waters of any ocean or the Gulf
of Mexico more than 20 nautical miles
offshore, the route shall be designated
on certificate of inspection as ‘‘Ocean’’.
(c) When a nautical school ship, in
the opinion of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, may be navigated
on the waters of any ocean or the Gulf
of Mexico 20 nautical miles or less offshore, the route shall be designated on
the certificate of inspection as ‘‘Coastwise’’.
(d) Documented vessels of 500 gross
tons or more, certificated for ocean or
coastwise service, which do not comply
with the requirements of SOLAS 74 for
cargo vessels shall have their certificate of inspection endorsed ‘‘Domestic
Voyages Only.’’

stations shall be marked in at least 2inch letters and figures ‘‘W. T. D. 1,’’ 2,
3, etc. The direction of operation of the
lever or wheel provided to close or open
the door at all watertight door remote
hand-closing stations shall be marked.
The color of the sign shall contrast
with the background.
(h) Instructions for changing steering
gear. Instructions in at least 1⁄2-inch
letters and figures shall be posted at
each emergency steering station and in
the steering engine room, relating in
order, the different steps to be taken in
changing to the emergency steering
gear. Each clutch, gear wheel, level,
valve, or switch which is used during
the changeover shall be numbered or
lettered on a brass plate or painted so
that the markings can be recognized at
a reasonable distance. The instructions
shall indicate each clutch or pin to be
‘‘in’’ or ‘‘out’’ and each valve or switch
which is to be ‘‘opened’’ or ‘‘closed’’ in
shifting to any means of steering for
which the vessel is equipped. Instructions shall be included to line up all
steering wheels and rudder amidship
before changing gears.
(i) Rudder orders. At all steering stations, there shall be installed a suitable notice on the wheel or device or at
such other position as to be directly in
the helmsman’s line of vision, to indicate the direction in which the wheel
or device must be turned for ‘‘right
rudder’’ and for ‘‘left rudder.’’
(j) Lifesaving appliances. Each lifesaving appliance must be marked as required under subchapter W (Lifesaving
Appliances and Arrangements) of this
chapter.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 69–127, 35 FR 9982, June 17,
1970; CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30663, July 26, 1990]

§ 167.60–5 Period of time for which
valid.
A certificate of inspection for any period less than one year shall not be
issued, but nothing herein shall be construed as preventing the revocation or
suspension of a certificate of inspection in case such process is authorized
by law.
§ 167.60–10 Exhibition of certificate of
inspection.

[CGFR 51–11, 16 FR 3218, Apr. 12, 1951, as
amended by CGFR 54–46, 19 FR 8708, Dec. 18,
1954; CGFR 60–36, 25 FR 10642, Nov. 5, 1960;
CGD 73–24R, 39 FR 10139, Mar. 18, 1974; CGD
75–040, 40 FR 58454, Dec. 17, 1975; CGD 84–069,
61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

On every nautical school ship, the
original certificate of inspection shall
be framed under glass and posted in a
conspicuous place.
§ 167.60–15 Manning and persons allowed to be carried.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 167.60—Certificates of
Inspection

The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, shall specify in the Certificate of
Inspection the minimum complement
of officers and crew necessary for the
safe navigation of the vessel and shall
specify the total number of persons allowed to be carried.

§ 167.60–1 Issuance
by
Officer
in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
(a) Every nautical school ship shall
be inspected annually and if in the
opinion of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, the nautical school
ship can be operated safely, he shall

[CGD 74–201, 41 FR 19647, May 13, 1976]

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§ 167.65–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(c) All other hazardous navigational
situations, the master shall ensure
that—
(1) It is possible to immediately establish human control of the ship’s
steering:
(2) A competent person is ready at all
times to take over steering control;
and
(3) The changeover from automatic
to manual steering and vice versa is
made by, or under, the supervision of
the officer of the watch.

Subpart 167.65—Special
Operating Requirements
§ 167.65–1 Emergency
ters, and drills.

training,

mus-

Onboard training, musters, and drills
must be in accordance with subchapter
W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25311, May 20, 1996]

§ 167.65–5 Flashing the rays of a
searchlight or other blinding light.

[CFR 75–074, 42 FR 5964, Jan. 17, 1977]

Flashing the rays of a searchlight or
other blinding light onto the bridge or
into the pilothouse of any vessel under
way is prohibited.

§ 167.65–38 Loading doors.
(a) The master of a vessel fitted with
loading doors shall assure that all loading doors are closed watertight and secured during the entire voyage except
that—
(1) If a door cannot be opened or
closed while the vessel is at a dock, it
may be open while the vessel approaches and draws away from the
dock, but only as far as necessary to
enable the door to be immediately operated.
(2) If needed to operate the vessel, or
embark and disembark passengers
when the vessel is at anchor in protected waters, loading doors may be
open provided that the master determines that the safety of the vessel is
not impaired.
(b) For the purposes of this section,
‘‘loading doors’’ include all weathertight ramps, bow visors, and openings
used to load personnel, equipment, and
stores, in the collision bulkhead, the
side shell, and the boundaries of enclosed superstructures that are continuous with the shell of the vessel.
(c) The master shall enter into the
log book the time and door location of
every closing of the loading doors.
(d) The master shall enter into the
log book any opening of the doors in
accordance with paragraph (a)(2) of
this section setting forth the time of
the opening of the doors and the circumstances warranting this action.

§ 167.65–15 Routing instructions; strict
compliance with.
All licensed masters, officers, and
certificated seamen on nautical school
ships must strictly comply with routing instructions issued by competent
naval authority.
[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996]

§ 167.65–20

Unnecessary whistling.

Unnecessary sounding of a nautical
school ship’s whistle is prohibited
within any harbor limits of the United
States.
§ 167.65–25

Steering gear tests.

On all nautical school ships making
voyages of more than 48 hours’ duration, the entire steering gear, the whistle, the means of communication and
the signaling appliances between the
bridge or pilothouse and engine room
shall be examined and tested by an officer of the nautical school ship within a
period of not more than 12 hours before
leaving port. All nautical school ships
making voyages of less than 48 hours’
duration shall be so examined and tested at least once in every week. The fact
and time of such examination and test
shall be recorded in the log book.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 167.65–35

Use of auto pilot.

[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11, 1992]

Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.15,
when the automatic pilot is used in—
(a) Areas of high traffic density;
(b) Conditions of restricted visibility;
and

§ 167.65–40 Draft.
The master of every nautical school
ship over 50 gross tons shall, whenever
leaving port, enter the maximum draft

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 167.65–60
clude changes in aids to navigation in
assembled form for the 1st, 5th, 7th,
Greater Antilles Section, 8th, 11th,
13th, 14th, and 17th Coast Guard Districts. Foreign marine information is
also included in these notices. These
notices are available without charge
from the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, U.S. Collector of Customs
of the major seaports in the United
States and are also on file in the U.S.
Consulates where they may be inspected.
(d) As appropriate for the intended
voyage, all nautical school ships must
carry adequate and up-to-date—
(1) Charts;
(2) Sailing directions;
(3) Coast pilots;
(4) Light lists;
(5) Notices to mariners;
(6) Tide tables;
(7) Current tables; and
(8) All other nautical publications
necessary. 1

of his nautical school ship in the log
book.
§ 167.65–42 Verification of vessel compliance with applicable stability requirements.
(a) After loading and prior to departure and at all other times necessary
to assure the safety of the vessel, the
master shall determine that the vessel
complies with all applicable stability
requirements in the vessel’s trim and
stability book, stability letter, Certificate of Inspection, and Load Line Certificate, as the case may be, and then
enter an attestation statement of the
verification in the log book. The vessel
may not depart until it is in compliance with these requirements.
(b) When determining compliance
with applicable stability requirements
the vessel’s draft, trim, and stability
must be determined as necessary and
any stability calculations made in support of the determination must be retained on board the vessel for the duration of the voyage.

[CGFR 66–33, 31 FR 15298, Dec. 6, 1966, as
amended by CGFR 75–074, 42 FR 5964, Jan. 31,
1977; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51217, Sept. 30, 1997;
USCG–2001–10224, 66 FR 48621, Sept. 21, 2001]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11, 1992]

§ 167.65–45 Notice to mariners; aids to
navigation.
(a) Officers are required to acquaint
themselves with the latest information
published by the Coast Guard and the
National Imagery and Mapping Agency
regarding aids to navigation, and neglect to do so is evidence of neglect of
duty. It is desirable that nautical
school ships navigating oceans and
coastwise and Great Lakes waters shall
have available in the pilothouse for
convenient reference at all times a file
of the applicable Notice to Mariners.
(b) Weekly Notices to Mariners
(Great Lakes Edition), published by the
Commander, 9th Coast Guard District,
contain announcements and information on changes in aids to navigation
and other marine information affecting
the safety of navigation on the Great
Lakes. These notices may be obtained
free of charge, by making application
to Commander, 9th Coast Guard District.
(c) Weekly Notices to Mariners
(Worldwide coverage) are prepared
jointly by the National Imagery and
Mapping Agency, National Ocean Service, and the U.S. Coast Guard. They in-

§ 167.65–50 Posting
saving signals.

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life-

On all vessels to which this subpart
applies there must be readily available
to the deck officer of the watch a
placard containing instructions for the
use of the life saving signals set forth
in regulation 16, chapter V, of the
International Convention for Safety of
Life at Sea, 1974. These signals must be
used by vessels or persons in distress
when communicating with lifesaving
stations and maritime rescue units.
[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996]

§ 167.65–60 Examination of boilers and
machinery by engineer.
It shall be the duty of an engineer
when he assumes charge of the boilers
and machinery of a nautical school
ship to examine the same forthwith
and thoroughly, and if he finds any
part thereof in bad condition, he shall
immediately report the facts to the
1 For United States vessels in one or on the
navigable waters of the United States, see 33
CFR 164.33.

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§ 167.65–65

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
Subpart 168.15—Accommodations

master, owner, or agent, and to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, of
the district, who shall thereupon investigate the matter and take such actions as may be necessary.
§ 167.65–65 Notice and reporting
casualty and voyage records.

168.15–1 Intent.
168.15–5 Location of crew spaces.
168.15–10 Construction.
168.15–15 Size.
168.15–20 Equipment.
168.15–25 Washrooms.
168.15–30 Toilet rooms.
168.15–35 Hospital space.
168.15–40 Lighting.
168.15–45 Heating and cooling.
168.15–50 Ventilation.
168.15–55 Screening.
168.15–60 Inspection.

of

The requirements for providing notice and reporting of marine casualties
and for retaining voyage records are
contained in part 4 of this chapter.
[CGD 84–099, 52 FR 47536, Dec. 14, 1987]

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 3305, 3306; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No.
0170.1.

§ 167.65–70 Reports of accidents, repairs, and unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers.

SOURCE: CGFR 52–43, 17 FR 9543, Oct. 18,
1952, unless otherwise noted.

(a) Before making repairs to a boiler
of a nautical school ship the engineer
in charge shall report, in writing, the
nature of such repairs to the nearest
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
where such repairs are to be made.
(b) And it shall be the duty of all engineers when an accident occurs to the
boilers or machinery in their charge
tending to render the further use of
such boilers or machinery unsafe until
repairs are made, or when, by reason of
ordinary wear, such boilers or machinery have become unsafe, to report the
same to the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, immediately upon the arrival of the nautical school ship at the
first port reached subsequent to the accident, or after the discovery of such
unsafe condition by said engineer.

Subpart 168.01—Authority and
Purpose
§ 168.01–1 Purpose of regulations.
(a) The purpose of the regulations in
this part is to set forth uniform minimum requirements for vessels, whether being navigated or not, which are
used by or in connection with any civilian nautical school, except vessels of
the Navy or Coast Guard.

Subpart 168.05—General
Requirements
§ 168.05–1 Application of passenger
vessel inspection laws.
(a) All laws covering the inspection
of passenger vessels are hereby made
applicable to all vessels or other floating equipment used by or in connection
with any civilian nautical school,
whether such vessels or other floating
equipment are being navigated or not,
except vessels of the Navy or Coast
Guard.

PART 168—CIVILIAN NAUTICAL
SCHOOL VESSELS
Subpart 168.01—Authority and Purpose
Sec.
168.01–1

Purpose of regulations.

Subpart 168.05—General Requirements

§ 168.05–5 Application of passenger
vessel inspection regulations.
Where the requirements are not covered specifically in this part, all the
regulations applying to passenger vessels in subchapters E (Load Lines), F
(Marine Engineering), H (Passenger
Vessels), J (Electrical Engineering), K
(Small Passenger Vessels Carrying
More Than 150 Passengers Or With
Overnight Accommodations For More
Than 49 Passengers), P (Manning), Q

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

168.05–1 Application of passenger vessel inspection laws.
168.05–5 Application of passenger vessel inspection regulations.
168.05–10 Subdivision and stability.
168.05–15 Right of appeal.

Subpart 168.10—Definitions of Terms Used
in This Part
168.10–1
168.10–5

Nautical school vessels.
Civilian nautical school.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 168.15–15

(Specifications), T (Small Passenger
Vessels), and W (Lifesaving Appliances
and Arrangements) of this chapter are
hereby made applicable to all vessels
or other floating equipment used by or
in connection with any civilian nautical school, whether such vessels or
other floating equipment are being
navigated or not, except vessels of the
Navy or Coast Guard.

§ 168.15–1

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996, as
amended at 63 FR 52816, Oct. 1, 1998]

§ 168.15–5

§ 168.05–10 Subdivision and stability.
Each vessel must meet the applicable
requirements in Subchapter S of this
chapter.

Location of crew spaces.

(a) Quarters must be located so that
sufficient fresh air and light are obtainable compatible with accepted
practice or good arrangement and construction.
(b) Unless approved by the Commandant, quarters, must not be located
forward of the collision bulkhead, nor
may such section or sections of any
deck head occupied by quarters be
below the deepest load line.

[CGD 79–023, 48 FR 51010, Nov. 4, 1983]

§ 168.05–15 Right of appeal.
Any person directly affected by a decision or action taken under this part,
by or on behalf of the Coast Guard,
may appeal therefrom in accordance
with subpart 1.03 of this chapter.

§ 168.15–10

[CGD 88–033, 54 FR 50381, Dec. 6, 1989]

Construction.

(a) The accommodations provided
must be securely constructed, properly
lighted, heated, drained, ventilated,
equipped, located, arranged, and insulated from undue noise, heat, and
odors.
(b) All accommodations must be constructed and arranged so that they can
be kept in a clean, workable, and sanitary condition.

Subpart 168.10—Definitions of
Terms Used in This Part
§ 168.10–1 Nautical school vessels.
The term nautical school vessel means
a vessel operated by or in connection
with a nautical school or an educational institution under Section 13 of
the Coast Guard Authorization Act of
1986.

§ 168.15–15

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

Size.

(a) Sleeping accommodations must
be divided into rooms, no one of which
may berth more than six persons. The
purpose for which each space is to be
used and the number of persons it may
accommodate, must be marked outside
the space.
(b) Each room must be of such size
that there is at least 1.8 square meters
(20 square feet) of deck area and a volume of at least 4.2 cubic meters (150
cubic feet) for each person accommodated. In measuring sleeping quarters,
any furnishings contained therein are
not to be deducted from the total volume or from the deck area.

§ 168.10–5 Civilian nautical school.
The term civilian nautical school
means any school or branch thereof operated and conducted in the United
States, except State nautical schools
and schools operated by the United
States or any agency thereof, which offers instruction for the primary purpose of training for service in the merchant marine.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Intent.

The accommodations provided for
members of the crew, passengers, cadets, students, instructors or any other
persons at any time quartered on board
a vessel to which this part applies must
be securely constructed, properly lighted,
heated,
drained,
ventilated,
equipped, located, arranged and insulated from undue noise, heat and odors.

Subpart 168.15—
Accommodations

[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996; 61 FR
35138, July 5, 1996]

SOURCE: CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23,
1996, unless otherwise noted.

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§ 168.15–20
§ 168.15–20

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
fort of the sick so that they may receive proper attention in all weather.
(b) The hospital must be suitably separated from other spaces and must be
used for the care of the sick and for no
other purpose.
(c) The hospital must be fitted with
berths in the ratio of 1 berth to every
12 persons, but the number of berths
need not exceed 6.
(d) [Reserved]
(e) The hospital must have a toilet,
wash basin, and bathtub or shower conveniently located. Other necessary
suitable equipment of a sanitary type
such as a clothes locker, a table and a
seat must be provided.

Equipment.

(a) Each person shall have a separate
berth and not more than 1 berth may
be placed above another. The berths
must be of metal framework. The overall size of a berth must not be less than
68 centimeters (27 inches) wide by 190
centimeters (75 inches) long. Where 2
tiers of berths are fitted, the bottom of
the lower berth must not be less than
30 centimeters (12 inches) above the
deck, and the bottom of the upper must
not be less than 76 centimeters (30
inches) from both the bottom of the
lower and from the deck overhead. The
berths must not be obstructed by pipes,
ventilating ducts, or other installations.
(b) A metal locker must be provided
for each person accommodated in a
room.
§ 168.15–25

§ 168.15–40

Washrooms.

(a) There must be provided 1 shower
for each 10 persons or fraction thereof
and 1 wash basin for each 6 persons or
fraction thereof for all persons who do
not occupy rooms to which private or
semi-private facilities are attached.
(b) All wash basins and showers must
be equipped with adequate plumbing,
including hot and cold running fresh
water.

§ 168.15–45

§ 168.15–50

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Ventilation.

(a) All quarters must be adequately
ventilated in a manner suitable to the
purpose of the space and route of the
vessel.
(b) When mechanical ventilation is
provided for sleeping rooms, washrooms, toilet rooms, hospital spaces,
and messrooms, these spaces must be
supplied with fresh air equal to at least
10 times the volume of the room each
hour.

Toilet rooms.

(a) There must be provided 1 toilet
for each 10 persons or fraction thereof
to be accommodated who do not occupy
rooms to which private facilities are
attached.
(b) The toilet rooms must be located
convenient to the sleeping quarters of
the persons to which they are allotted
but must not open directly into such
quarters except when they are provided
as private or semiprivate facilities.
(c) Where more than 1 toilet is located in a space or compartment, each
toilet must be separated by partitions.
§ 168.15–35

Heating and cooling.

All quarters must be adequately
heated and cooled in a manner suitable
to the purpose of the space.

[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26010, May 23, 1996; 61 FR
35138, July 5, 1996]

§ 168.15–30

Lighting.

All quarters, including washrooms,
toilet rooms, and hospital spaces, must
be adequately lighted.

§ 168.15–55

Screening.

Provision must be made to protect
the quarters against the admission of
insects.
§ 168.15–60

Inspection.

The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, shall inspect the quarters of every
such vessel at least once in each month
or at such time as the vessel enters an
American port and shall satisfy himself
that such vessel is in compliance with
the regulations in this part.

Hospital space.

(a) Each vessel must be provided with
a hospital space. This space must be
situated with due regard for the com-

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Coast Guard, DHS

Pt. 169
REPAIRS AND ALTERATIONS

PART 169—SAILING SCHOOL
VESSELS

169.235 Permission required.
169.236 Inspection and testing required.

Subpart 169.100—General Provisions
Sec.
169.101
169.103
169.107
169.109
169.111
169.112
169.113
169.115
169.117
169.119
169.121

INSPECTIONS
169.237 Inspection standards.
169.239 Hull.
169.241 Machinery.
169.243 Electrical.
169.245 Lifesaving equipment.
169.247 Firefighting equipment.
169.249 Pressure vessels.
169.251 Steering apparatus.
169.253 Miscellaneous systems and equipment.
169.255 Sanitary inspection.
169.257 Unsafe practices.
169.259 Limitations of inspections.

Purpose.
Applicability.
Definitions.
Equivalents.
Administrative procedures.
Special consideration.
Right of appeal.
Incorporation by reference.
OMB control numbers.
Vessel status.
Loadlines.

Subpart 169.200—Inspection and
Certification

Subpart 169.300—Construction and
Arrangement

CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION

PLANS

169.201 When required.
169.203 Description.
169.205 Obtaining or renewing a Certificate
of Inspection.
169.207 Period of validity for a Certificate of
Inspection.
169.209 Routes permitted.
169.211 Permit to proceed for repair.
169.213 Permit to carry excursion party.
169.215 Certificate of inspection amendment.
169.217 Posting.

169.305
169.307

Plans required.
Plans for sister vessels.
HULL STRUCTURE

169.309 Structural standards.
169.311 Fire protection.
169.313 Means of escape.
169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery
spaces).
LIVING SPACES
169.317
169.319
169.323

LETTER OF DESIGNATION
169.218 Procedures for designating sailing
school vessels.
169.219 Renewal of letter of designation.

Accommodations.
Washrooms and toilets.
Furniture and furnishings.
RAILS AND GUARDS

169.327
169.329
169.331

INSPECTION FOR CERTIFICATION
169.220 General.
169.221 Initial inspection for certification.
169.222 Scope of inspection for certification.
169.223 Subsequent inspections for certification.

Deck rails.
Storm rails.
Guards in hazardous locations.

Subpart 169.400—Watertight Integrity,
Subdivision, and Stability
169.401

Applicability.

REINSPECTION

Subpart 169.500—Lifesaving and
Firefighting Equipment

169.225 Annual inspection.
169.226 Periodic inspection.
169.227 Certificate of Inspection: Conditions
of validity.

LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT—GENERAL
169.505 Equipment installed but not required.
169.507 Responsibility of master.
169.509 Approval for repairs and alterations.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

DRYDOCKING OR HAULING OUT
169.229 Drydock
examination,
internal
structural examination, and underwater
survey intervals.
169.230 Underwater Survey in Lieu of
Drydocking (UWILD).
169.231 Definitions relating to hull examinations.
169.233 Notice and plans required.
169.234 Integral fuel oil tank examinations.

PRIMARY LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT
169.513
169.515
169.517
169.519
169.521

Types of primary equipment.
Number required.
Rescue boat.
Availability.
Stowage.

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Pt. 169

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY LIFESAVING
APPARATUS

PIPING SYSTEMS

169.525 General.
169.527 Required equipment for lifeboats.
169.529 Description of lifeboat equipment.
169.535 Required equipment for lifefloats.
169.537 Description
of
equipment
for
lifefloats.

169.640
169.642

General.
Vital systems.

169.650
169.652
169.654

General.
Bilge piping.
Bilge pumps.

169.662

Hazardous locations.

BILGE SYSTEMS

PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES
169.539
169.541
169.543
169.545

ELECTRICAL

Type required.
Number required.
Distribution and stowage.
Markings.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OPERATING AT POTENTIALS OF LESS THAN 50 VOLTS ON VESSELS OF LESS THAN 100 GROSS TONS

ADDITIONAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT

169.664 Applicability.
169.665 Name plates.
169.666 Generators and motors.
169.667 Switchboards.
169.668 Batteries.
169.669 Radiotelephone equipment.
169.670 Circuit breakers.
169.671 Accessories.
169.672 Wiring for power and lighting circuits.
169.673 Installation of wiring for power and
lighting circuits.

169.549 Ring lifebuoys and water lights.
169.551 Exposure suits.
169.553 Pyrotechnic distress signals.
169.555 Emergency position indicating radio
beacon (EPIRB).
169.556 Work vests.
FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT
169.559
169.561
169.563
169.564
169.565
169.567
169.569

Fire pumps.
Firemain.
Firehose.
Fixed extinguishing system, general.
Fixed carbon dioxide system.
Portable extinguishers.
Fire axes.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OPERATING AT POTENTIALS OF 50 VOLTS OR MORE ON VESSELS
OF LESS THAN 100 GROSS TONS
169.674 Applicability.
169.675 Generators and motors.
169.676 Grounded electrical systems.
169.677 Equipment protection and enclosure.
169.678 Main distribution panels and switchboards.
169.679 Wiring for power and lighting circuits.
169.680 Installation of wiring for power and
lighting circuits.
169.681 Disconnect switches and devices.
169.682 Distribution and circuit loads.
169.683 Overcurrent protection, general.
169.684 Overcurrent protection for motors
and motor branch circuits.
169.685 Electric heating and cooking equipment.
169.686 Shore power.

Subpart 169.600—Machinery and Electrical
169.601

General.

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INSTALLATIONS
169.605 General.
169.607 Keel cooler installations.
169.608 Non-integral keel cooler installations.
169.609 Exhaust systems.
169.611 Carburetors.
FUEL SYSTEMS
169.613
169.615

Gasoline fuel systems.
Diesel fuel systems.
STEERING SYSTEMS

169.618
169.619
169.621
169.622
169.623

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS ON VESSELS OF
100 GROSS TONS AND OVER

General.
Reliability.
Communications.
Rudder angle indicators.
Power-driven steering systems.

169.687
169.688
169.689
169.690
169.691
169.692
169.693

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

VENTILATION
169.625 Compartments containing diesel machinery.
169.627 Compartments containing diesel fuel
tanks.
169.629 Compartments containing gasoline
machinery or fuel tanks.
169.631 Separation of machinery and fuel
tank spaces from accommodation spaces.

General.
Power supply.
Demand loads.
Lighting branch circuits.
Navigation lights.
Remote stop stations.
Engine order telegraph systems.

Subpart 169.700—Vessel Control,
Miscellaneous Systems, and Equipment
169.703
169.705

Cooking and heating.
Mooring equipment.

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Coast Guard, DHS
169.709
169.711
169.713
169.715
169.717
169.721
and
169.723
169.725
169.726

§ 169.103

Compass.
Emergency lighting.
Engineroom communication system.
Radio.
Fireman’s outfit.
Storm sails and halyards (exposed
partially protected waters only).
Safety belts.
First aid kit.
Radar reflector.

169.849 Posting placards containing instructions for launching and inflating inflatable liferafts.
169.853 Display of plans.
169.855 Pre-underway training.
169.857 Disclosure of safety standards.
AUTHORITY: 33 U.S.C. 1321(j); 46 U.S.C. 3306,
6101; Pub. L. 103–206, 107 Stat. 2439; E.O. 11735,
38 FR 21243, 3 CFR, 1971–1975 Comp., p. 793;
Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1; § 169.117 also issued under the
authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507.

MARKINGS
169.730 General alarm bell switch.
169.731 General alarm bells.
169.732 Carbon dioxide alarm.
169.733 Fire extinguishing branch lines.
169.734 Fire extinguishing system controls.
169.735 Fire hose stations.
169.736 Self-contained breathing apparatus.
169.737 Hand portable fire extinguishers.
169.738 Emergency lights.
169.739 Lifeboats.
169.740 Liferafts and lifefloats.
169.741 Personal flotation devices and ring
life buoys.
169.743 Portable magazine chests.
169.744 Emergency position indicating radio
beacon (EPIRB).
169.745 Escape hatches and emergency exits.
169.746 Fuel shutoff valves.
169.747 Watertight doors and hatches.
169.750 Radio call sign.
169.755 Draft marks and draft indicating
systems.

SOURCE: CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986,
unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 169.100—General
Provisions
§ 169.101

§ 169.103

Applicability.

(a) This subchapter applies to each
domestic vessel operating as a sailing
school vessel.
(b) This subchapter does not apply
to—
(1) Any vessel operating exclusively
on inland waters, which are not navigable waters of the United States;
(2) Any vessel while laid up, dismantled, and out of service;
(3) Any vessel with title vested in the
United States and which is used for
public purposes except vessels of the
U.S. Maritime Administration;
(4) Any vessel carrying one or more
passengers;
(5) Any vessel operating under the
authority of a current valid certificate
of inspection issued per the requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter
H or T, 46 CFR parts 70 through 78 and
parts 175 through 187, respectively; or
(6) Any foreign vessel.
(c) A vessel which engages in trade or
commerce or carries one or more passengers, cannot operate under a certificate of inspection as a sailing school
vessel, but must meet the rules and

Subpart 169.800—Operations
169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.
169.807 Notice of casualty.
169.809 Charts and nautical publications.
169.813 Station bills.
169.815 Emergency signals.
169.817 Master to instruct ship’s company.
169.819 Manning of lifeboats and liferafts.
169.821 Patrol person.
169.823 Openings.
169.824 Compliance with provisions of certificate of inspection.
169.825 Wearing of safety belts.
TESTS, DRILLS, AND INSPECTIONS

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Purpose.

The regulations in this part set forth
uniform requirements which are suited
to the particular characteristics and
specialized operations of sailing school
vessels as defined in Title 46, United
States Code section 2101(30).

169.826 Steering, communications and control.
169.827 Hatches and other openings.
169.829 Emergency lighting and power systems.
169.831 Emergency position indicating radio
beacon (EPIRB).
169.833 Fire and boat drills.
169.837 Lifeboats, liferafts, and lifefloats.
169.839 Firefighting equipment.
169.840 Verification of vessel compliance
with applicable stability requirements.
169.841 Logbook entries.
169.847 Lookouts.

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§ 169.107

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

regulations governing the service in
which it is engaged.

or indirectly for his or her carriage on
the vessel.
Length means the mean length. It is
the mean or average between length on
deck (LOD) and length between perpendiculars (LBP). Length on deck
(LOD) means the length between the
forward-most and after-most points on
the weather deck, excluding sheer.
Length between perpendiculars (LBP)
means the horizontal distance between
the perpendiculars taken at the forward-most and after-most points on a
vessel’s waterline corresponding to the
deepest operating draft.
Marine Inspector means any person
from the civilian or military branch of
the Coast Guard assigned by the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection or any
other person designated by the Coast
Guard to perform duties with respect
to the inspection, enforcement, and administration of vessel safety and navigation laws and regulations.
Master means the senior credentialed
individual having command of the vessel.
New vessel means a sailing school vessel which is not an existing vessel.
Officer In Charge, Marine Inspection
(OCMI) means any person from the civilian or military branch of the Coast
Guard designated as such by the Commandant and who, under the direction
of the Coast Guard District Commander, is in charge of the inspection
zone in which the vessel is located for
the performance of duties with respect
to the inspections, enforcement, and
administration of vessel safety and
navigation laws and regulations.
Partially Protected Waters means—
(1) Waters within 37 kilometers (20
nautical miles) of a harbor of safe refuge, unless determined by the OCMI to
be exposed waters; and
(2) Those portions of rivers, harbors,
lakes, etc. which the OCMI determines
not to be sheltered.
Passenger on a sailing school vessel
means an individual carried on the vessel except—
(1) The owner or an individual representative of the owner or, in the case
of a vessel under charter, an individual
charterer or individual representative
of the charterer;
(2) The master;

CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–5040, 67 FR 34799, May 15,
2002]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.107

Definitions.

Anniversary date means the day and
the month of each year, which corresponds to the date of expiration of
the Certificate of Inspection.
Approved means accepted by the
Commandant unless otherwise stated.
Coast
Guard
District
Commander
means an officer of the Coast Guard
designated by the Commandant to
command all Coast Guard activities
within a district.
Commandant means the Commandant
of the Coast Guard or an authorized
representative of the Commandant.
Demise charter means a legally binding document for a term of one year or
more under which for the period of the
charter, the party who leases or charters the vessel, known as the demise or
bareboat charterer, assumes legal responsibility for all of the incidents of
ownership, including insuring, manning, supplying, repairing, fueling,
maintaining and operating the vessel.
The term demise or bareboat charterer
is synonymous with ‘‘owner pro hac
vice’’.
Existing vessel means a sailing school
vessel, whose keel was laid prior to
(January 9, 1986), which applies for certification as a sailing school vessel
prior to (January 9, 1987), and whose
initial inspection for certification is
completed prior to (January 9, 1988).
Exposed Waters means waters more
than 37 kilometers (20 nautical miles)
from the mouth of a harbor of safe refuge, or other waters the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection determines
to present special hazards due to
weather or other circumstances.
Headquarters means the Office of the
Commandant, United States Coast
Guard, Washington, DC 20593.
Instructor means any person who is
aboard a sailing school vessel for the
purpose of providing sailing instruction
and is not an officer, operator, or member of the crew required by regulation
to be aboard the vessel, and has not
paid any consideration, either directly

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.111

(3) A member of the crew engaged in
the business of the vessel, who has not
contributed consideration for carriage,
and who is paid for onboard services;
(4) An employee of the owner of the
vessel engaged in the business of the
owner, except when the vessel is operating under a demise charter;
(5) An employee of the demise
charterer of the vessel engaged in the
business of the demise charterer; or
(6) A sailing school instructor or sailing school student.
Protected Waters means sheltered
waters presenting no special hazards
such as most rivers, harbors, lakes, etc.
Qualified Organization means an educational organization, State, or political subdivision of a State that owns or
demise charters, and operates a sailing
school vessel for the purpose of providing sailing instruction. The educational organization must satisfy the
requirements of section 501(c)(3) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1954 and must
be exempt from tax under section 501(a)
of such Code, as now or hereafter
amended.
Recognized
Classification
Society
means the American Bureau of Shipping or other classification society recognized by the Commandant.
Rules of the Road means the statutory
and regulatory rules governing navigation of vessels.
Sailing instruction means teaching, research, and practical experience in operating vessels propelled primarily by
sail, and may include any subject related to that operation and the sea, including seamanship, navigation, oceanography, other nautical and marine
sciences, and maritime history and literature. In conjunction with any of
those subjects, ‘‘sailing instruction’’
also includes instruction in mathematics and language arts skills to a
sailing school student with a learning
disability.
Sailing School Student means any person who is aboard a sailing school vessel for the purpose of receiving sailing
instruction.
Sailing School Vessel means a vessel of
less than 500 gross tons, carrying six or
more individuals who are sailing school
students or sailing school instructors,
principally equipped for propulsion by
sail even if the vessel has an auxiliary

means of propulsion, and owned or demise chartered and operated by a qualified organization during such times as
the vessel is operated exclusively for
the purposes of sailing instruction.
Ship’s Company means the officers
and crew of a sailing school vessel, sailing school students, and sailing school
instructors.
Watertight means designed and constructed to withstand a static head of
water without any leakage, except that
watertight equipment means enclosed
equipment constructed so that a
stream of water from a hose (not less
than 1 inch in diameter) under head of
about 35 feet from a distance of about
10 feet, and for a period of 5 minutes,
can be played on the apparatus without
leakage.
Weathertight means that water will
not penetrate into the unit in any sea
condition, except that weathertight
equipment
means
equipment
constructed or protected so that exposure
to a beating rain will not result in the
entrance of water.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 897, Jan. 9, 1986; 51 FR
3785, Jan. 30, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–
4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000; USCG–1999–5040,
67 FR 34799, May 15, 2002; USCG–2006–24371, 74
FR 11266, Mar. 16, 2009]

§ 169.109 Equivalents.
Substitutes for a fitting, appliance,
apparatus, or equipment, may be accepted by the Commandant if the substituted item is as effective and consistent with the requirements and minimum safety standards specified in this
subchapter.
§ 169.111 Administrative procedures.
(a) Upon receipt of a written application for inspection, the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection assigns a
marine inspector to inspect the vessel
at a mutually agreed upon time and
place.
(b) The owner or a representative
shall be present during the inspection.
(c) If during the inspection, the vessel or its equipment is found not to
conform to the requirements of law or
the regulations in this subchapter, the
marine inspector lists all requirements
which have not been met and presents
the list to the owner or a representative.

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§ 169.112

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(d) In any case where the owner of a
vessel or his representative desires further clarification of, or reconsideration
of any requirement placed against his
vessel, he may discuss the matter with
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

Washington, DC 20408 and at the U.S.
Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards, (CG–521), 2100 2nd
St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC
20593–7126.
(c) The materials approved for incorporation by reference in this part are:

§ 169.112 Special consideration.
In applying the provisions of this
part, the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may give special consideration to departures from the specific
requirements
when
special
circumstances or arrangements warrant
such departures and an equivalent level
of safety is provided.

(1) American Boat and Yacht Council
(ABYC), 3069 Solomons Island
Road, Edgewater, MD 21037
P–1–73—‘‘Safe Installation of Exhaust
Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines’’ (1973)
H–24.9 (g) and (h)—‘‘Fuel Strainers
and Fuel Filters’’ (1975)
H–2.5—‘‘Ventilation of Boats Using
Gasoline—Design and Construction’’ (1981)
A–1–78—‘‘Marine LPG—Liquefied Petroleum Gas Systems’’
A–3–70—‘‘Recommended
Practices
and Standards Covering Galley
Stoves’’
A–22–78—‘‘Marine CNG—Compressed
Natural Gas Systems’’
(2) National Bureau of Standards, c/o
Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402
Special Pub. 440 (SD Cat. No.
C13.10:490), ‘‘Color: Universal Language and Dictionary of Names’’,
1976
(3) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269
302—‘‘Pleasure
and
Commercial
Motor Craft,’’ Chapter 6 (1980)
306—‘‘Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels’’ (1980)
70—‘‘National Electrical Code,’’ Article 310–8 and Table 310–13 (1980)
(4) Naval Publications and Forms Center, Customer Service Code 1052,
5801 Tabor Ave., Philadelphia, PA
19120
Federal
Specification
ZZ-H-451
‘‘Hose, Fire, Woven-Jacketed Rubber or Cambric-Lined, with Couplings, F.’’
(5) Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
(UL), 12 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709–3995

§ 169.113 Right of appeal.
Any person directly affected by a decision or action taken under this part,
by or on behalf of the Coast Guard,
may appeal therefrom in accordance
with subpart 1.03 of this chapter.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 88–033, 54 FR 50381, Dec. 6, 1989]

§ 169.115 Incorporation by reference.
(a) In this subchapter portions or the
entire text of certain industrial standards and specifications are referred to
as the governing requirements for materials, equipment, tests, or procedures
to be followed. These standards and
specification requirements specifically
referred to in this subchapter are the
governing requirements for the subject
matters covered unless specifically
limited, modified, or replaced by other
regulations in this subchapter.
(b) These materials are incorporated
by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal
Register. The Office of the Federal
Register publishes a table, ‘‘Material
Approved for Incorporation by Reference,’’ which appears in the Finding
Aids section of this volume. In that
table is found citations to the particular sections of this part where the
material is incorporated with the approval by the Director of the Federal
Register. To enforce any edition other
than the one listed in paragraph (c) of
this section, notice of change must be
published in the FEDERAL REGISTER
and the material must be made available. All approved material is on file at
the Office of the Federal Register,

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.203

UL 19–78—‘‘Woven Jacketed, Rubber
Lined Fire Hose’’

sailing school vessel is not deemed a
merchant vessel or a vessel engaged in
trade or commerce.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29, 1995;
CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50734, Sept. 27, 1996; USCG–
1999–6216, 64 FR 53228, Oct. 1, 1999; USCG–
2009–0702, 74 FR 49239, Sept. 25, 2009]

§ 169.121

Sailing school vessels must meet the
applicable loadline regulations contained in Subchapter E (Load Lines) of
this chapter.

§ 169.117 OMB control numbers.
(a) Purpose. This section collects and
displays the control numbers assigned
to information collection and recordkeeping requirements in this subchapter by the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (44
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The Coast Guard intends that this section comply with the
requirements of 44 U.S.C. 3507(f) which
requires that agencies display a current control number assigned by the
Director of OMB for each approved
agency information collection requirement.
(b) Display.
46 CFR part—

§ 169.211
§ 169.213
§ 169.215
§ 169.217
§ 169.218

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

§ 169.219 ...................................

§ 169.233
§ 169.235
§ 169.305
§ 169.509
§ 169.807
§ 169.813

Subpart 169.200—Inspection and
Certification
CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION
§ 169.201

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

§ 169.840 ...................................
§ 169.841 ...................................

§ 169.857 ...................................

1625–0002
1625–0002
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038
1625–0002
1625–0002
1625–0002
1625–0002
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038
1625–0032
1625–0002
1625–0038, 1625–0064
1625–0035, 1625–0038
1625–0001
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038
1625–0064
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038
1625–0002, 1625–0014,
1625–0018, 1625–0032,
and 1625–0038.

§ 169.203

Description.

The certificate of inspection issued
to a vessel describes the vessel, the
route which it may travel, the minimum manning requirements, the
major lifesaving equipment carried,
the minimum fire extinguishing equipment and life preservers required to be
carried, the maximum number of sailing school students and instructors and
the maximum number of persons which
may be carried, the name of the owner
and operator, and such conditions of
operations as may be determined by
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 88–072, 53 FR 34298, Sept. 6, 1988;
CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11, 1992; USCG–
2004–18884, 69 FR 58350, Sept. 30, 2004]
pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

When required.

(a) No sailing school vessel shall be
operated without a valid Certificate of
Inspection, Form CG–3753.
(b) Except as noted in this subpart,
each sailing school vessel inspected
and certificated under the provisions of
this subchapter must, during the tenure of the certificate, be in full compliance with the terms of the certificate
when carrying six or more individuals
who are sailing school students or sailing school instructors.
(c) If necessary to prevent delay of
the vessel, a temporary Certificate of
Inspection, Form CG–854, is issued
pending the issuance and delivery of
the regular Certificate of Inspection,
Form CG–3753. The temporary certificate is carried in the same manner as
the regular certificate and is considered the same as the regular certificate
of inspection which it represents.

OMB control No.

§ 169.111 ...................................
§ 169.201 ...................................
§ 169.205 ...................................

Loadlines.

§ 169.119 Vessel status.
For the purpose of 46 U.S.C. 11101, 46
App. U.S.C. 291 and 46 App. U.S.C. 883 a

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§ 169.205

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 169.205 Obtaining or renewing a Certificate of Inspection.

the vessel as found at the inspection
for certification.

(a) A qualified organization attempting to obtain or renew a certificate of
inspection for a vessel must submit to
the Coast Guard Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection located in or nearest
the port at which the inspection is to
be made, the following—
(1) An application for inspection on
Form CG–3752; and
(2) Evidence that the vessel has been
designated as a sailing school vessel or
an application for designation, as set
forth in § 169.218; and
(3) Information concerning the program’s age and physical qualifications
for students and instructors and the
ratio of students to instructors.
(b) The application for initial inspection of a vessel being newly constructed or converted must be submitted prior to the start of such construction or conversion.
(c) The construction, arrangement
and equipment of all vessels must be
acceptable to the cognizant Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, as a prerequisite of the issuance of the initial
certificate of inspection. Acceptance
will be based on the information, specifications, drawings and calculations
available to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, and on the successful
completion of an initial inspection for
certification.
(d) You must submit a written application for an inspection for certification to the cognizant Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. To renew a
Certificate of Inspection, you must
submit an application at least 30 days
before the expiration of the vessel’s
current certificate. Applications are
available at any U.S. Coast Guard Sector Office or Marine Inspection Office.
When renewing a Certificate of Inspection, you must schedule an inspection
for certification within the 3 months
before the expiration date of the current Certificate of Inspection.
(e) The condition of the vessel and its
equipment must be acceptable to the
cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, as a prerequisite of the certificate of inspection renewal. Acceptance will be based on the condition of

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000;
USCG–2006–25556, 72 FR 36330, July 2, 2007]

§ 169.207 Period of validity for a Certificate of Inspection.
(a) A Certificate of Inspection is
valid for 5 years.
(b) Certificates of inspection may be
revoked, or suspended and withdrawn
by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, at any time for noncompliance with the provisions of this subchapter or requirements established
thereunder.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.209

Routes permitted.

(a) The area of operation for each
vessel is designated by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection and recorded on its Certificate of Inspection.
Each area of operation is described on
the Certificate of Inspection under the
major headings ‘‘exposed waters,’’
‘‘partially protected waters,’’ or ‘‘protected waters,’’ as applicable. Further
limitations imposed or extensions
granted are described by reference to
bodies of waters, geographical points,
distance from geographical points, distances from land, depths of channel,
seasonal limitations, etc.
(b) Operation of vessels on routes of
lesser severity than those specifically
described or designated on the Certificate of Inspection are permitted, unless
expressly prohibited on the Certificate
of Inspection. The general order of severity is: exposed, partially protected,
and protected waters.
§ 169.211

Permit to proceed for repair.

(a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may issue a permit to proceed
to another port for repair, Form CG–
948, to a vessel if in his judgment it can
be done with safety even if the Certificate of Inspection of the vessel has expired or is about to expire.
(b) The permit is issued only upon
the written application of the master,
owner, or agent of the vessel.
(c) The permit states upon its face
the conditions under which it is issued

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.218

and that guests may not be carried
when operating under the permit. The
permit must be carried in a manner
similar to that described in § 169.217(a)
for a certificate of inspection.

authorize and record a change in the
character of a vessel or in its route,
equipment, ownership, operator, etc.,
from that specified in the current certificate of inspection.
(b) A request for an amended certificate of inspection must be made to the
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
by the master, operator, owner, or
agent of the vessel at any time there is
a change in the character of a vessel or
in its route, equipment, ownership, operation etc., as specified in its current
certificate of inspection.
(c) The OCMI may require an inspection prior to the issuance of an amended certificate of inspection.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.213 Permit to carry excursion
party.
(a) A vessel may be permitted to engage in a temporary excursion operation with a greater number of persons
and/or on a more extended route than
permitted by its certificate of inspection when in the opinion of the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection, the operation can be undertaken with safety. A
‘‘Permit To Carry Excursion Party’’
Form CG–949, is a prerequisite of such
an operation.
(b) Any Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, having jurisdiction may issue
a permit to carry an excursion party
upon the written application of the operator, owner or agent of the vessel.
(c) The OCMI will reevaluate the vessel’s sailing instruction program to ensure that the permit fits within the
scope of the training program and that
the vessel continues to meet the definition of a sailing school vessel.
(d) The OCMI may require an inspection prior to the issuance of a permit
to carry an excursion party.
(e) The permit states upon its face
the conditions under which it is issued,
a reminder about the prohibition
against carrying passengers, the number of persons the vessel may carry,
the crew required, and additional lifesaving or safety equipment required,
the route for which the permit is
granted, and the dates on which the
permit is valid.
(f) The permit must be carried with
the certificate of inspection. Any vessel operating under a permit to carry
an excursion party must be in full compliance with the terms of its certificate
of inspection as supplemented by the
permit.

§ 169.217

Posting.

The certificate of inspection must be
framed under glass or other suitable
transparent material and posted in a
conspicuous place on the vessel except
on open boats where the certificate
may be retained in a watertight container, which is secured to the vessel.
LETTER OF DESIGNATION
§ 169.218 Procedures for
sailing school vessels.

designating

(a) Upon written request by a qualified institution, a determination is
made by the OCMI whether the vessel
may be designated as a sailing school
vessel.
(b) The request should contain sufficient information to allow the OCMI to
make this determination. At a minimum the following items must be submitted:
(1) A detailed description of the vessel, including its identification number, owner, and charterer.
(2) A specific operating plan stating
precisely the intended use of the vessel
and the intended course of instruction
for sailing school students.
(3) A copy of the Internal Revenue
Service designation as a non-profit,
tax-exempt, organization under sections 501(a) and 501(c)(3) of the Internal
Revenue Code.
(4) An affidavit certifying that the
owner or charterer has financial resources to meet any liability incurred
for death or injury to sailing school
students or sailing school instructors
on voyages aboard the vessel, in an

§ 169.215 Certificate
of
inspection
amendment.
(a) An amended certificate of inspection may be issued at any time by any
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
The amended certificate of inspection
replaces the original. An amended certificate of inspection may be issued to

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§ 169.219

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

amount not less than $50,000 for each
student and instructor.
(5) Any additional information as requested by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(c) If a designation is granted it is indicated on the certificate of inspection
and remains valid for the duration of
the certificate, provided all operating
conditions remain unchanged.
(d) In the event of a change, the institution must advise the OCMI who
issued the designation. After reviewing
the pertinent information concerning
the change, the OCMI shall determine
if the vessel is eligible to retain its designation as a sailing school vessel.

cordance with approved plans. The inspection also ensures that the materials, workmanship and condition of all
parts of the vessel and its machinery
and equipment are in all respects satisfactory for the service intended, and
that the vessel is in possession of a
valid certificate issued by the Federal
Communications Commission, if required.
(d) Before construction is started, the
owner, operator, or builder must develop plans indicating the proposed arrangement and construction of the vessel. This list of plans to be developed
and the required disposition of these
plans are set forth in § 169.305.

§ 169.219
tion.

Renewal of letter of designa-

§ 169.222 Scope of inspection for certification.

At least 60 days prior to the expiration date of the certificate of inspection, a request for renewal must be
submitted in the same manner as described in § 169.218. If the request for renewal is submitted to the OCMI who
made the initial determination and all
operating
conditions
remain
unchanged, the information need not be
resubmitted.

Items normally included in an Inspection for Certification are:
(a) Structure.
(b) Watertight integrity.
(c) Pressure vessels and appurtenances.
(d) Piping.
(e) Auxiliary machinery.
(f) Steering apparatus.
(g) Electrical installations.
(h) Lifesaving appliances.
(i) Navigation equipment.
(j) Fire detecting and extinguishing
systems.
(k) Pollution prevention equipment.
(l) Sanitary conditions.
(m) Fire hazards.
(n) Verification of valid certificates
issued by the Federal Communications
Commission.
(o) Lights and signals required by
navigation rules.
(p) Bilge and ballast systems.
(q) Rigging, yards, masts, spars, and
sails.

INSPECTION FOR CERTIFICATION
§ 169.220

General.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

(a) An inspection is required before
the issuance of a certificate of inspection.
(b) An inspection for certification is
not made until after receipt of the information required in § 169.205(a) of this
subchapter.
§ 169.221 Initial inspection for certification.
(a) The initial inspection includes an
inspection of the hull structure, yards,
masts, spars, rigging, sails, machinery,
and equipment, including unfired pressure vessels.
(b) The initial inspection of a vessel
being newly constructed or converted
normally consists of a series of inspections during the construction or conversion.
(c) The inspection ensures that the
vessel and its equipment comply with
the regulations in this subchapter to
the extent they are applicable to the
vessel being inspected, and are in ac-

§ 169.223 Subsequent
certification.

inspections

An inspection for renewal of a certificate of inspection includes an inspection of the structure, machinery,
yards, spars, masts, rigging, sails, and
equipment. The inspection ensures that
the vessel is in satisfactory condition,
fit for the service intended and complies with the applicable regulations in
this subchapter.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.229
Inspection will insure that the vessel is
in satisfactory condition and fit for the
service for which it is intended. If your
vessel passes the periodic inspection,
the marine inspector will endorse your
current Certificate of Inspection.
(d) If the periodic inspection reveals
deficiencies in your vessel’s maintenance, you must make any or all repairs or improvements within the time
period specified by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
(e) Nothing in this subpart limits the
marine inspector from conducting such
tests or inspections he or she deems
necessary to be assured of the vessel’s
seaworthiness.

REINSPECTION
§ 169.225 Annual inspection.
(a) Your vessel must undergo an annual inspection within 3 months before
or after each anniversary date, except
as specified in § 169.226.
(b) You must contact the cognizant
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection to
schedule an inspection at a time and
place which he or she approves. No
written application is required.
(c) The scope of the annual inspection is the same as the inspection for
certification as specified in § 169.222 but
in less detail unless the cognizant marine inspector finds deficiencies or determines that a major change has occurred since the last inspection. If deficiencies are found or a major change to
the vessel has occurred, the marine inspector will conduct an inspection
more detailed in scope to ensure that
the vessel is in satisfactory condition
and fit for the service for which it is intended. If your vessel passes the annual
inspection, the marine inspector will
endorse your current Certificate of Inspection.
(d) If the annual inspection reveals
deficiencies in your vessel’s maintenance, you must make any or all repairs or improvements within the time
period specified by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
(e) Nothing in this subpart limits the
marine inspector from conducting such
tests or inspections he or she deems
necessary to be assured of the vessel’s
seaworthiness.

[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.227 Certificate
of
Inspection:
Conditions of validity.
To maintain a valid Certificate of Inspection, you must complete your annual and periodic inspections within
the periods specified in §§ 169.225 and
169.226 respectively and your Certificate of Inspection must be endorsed.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000]

DRYDOCKING OR HAULING OUT
§ 169.229 Drydock examination, internal structural examination, and underwater survey intervals.
(a) Except as provided for in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section,
each vessel must undergo drydock and
internal structural examinations as
follows:
(1) If your vessel operates in saltwater, it must undergo two drydock examinations and two internal structural
examinations within any 5-year period
unless it has been approved to undergo
an underwater survey (UWILD) under
§ 169.230 of this part. No more than 3
years may elapse between any two examinations.
(2) If your vessel operated in fresh
water at least 50 percent of the time
since your last drydocking, it must undergo a dry dock and internal structural examination at intervals not to
exceed 5 years unless it has been approved to undergo an underwater survey (UWILD) under § 169.230 of this
part.
(b) Vessels with wooden hulls must
undergo two drydock and two internal

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6507, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.226 Periodic inspection.
(a) Your vessel must undergo a periodic inspection within 3 months before
or after the second or third anniversary of the date of your vessel’s Certificate of Inspection. This periodic inspection will take the place of an annual inspection.
(b) You must contact the cognizant
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection to
schedule an inspection at a time and
place which he or she approves. No
written application is required.
(c) The scope of the periodic inspection is the same as that for the inspection for certification, as specified in
§ 169.222. The Officer in Charge, Marine

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§ 169.230

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

structural examinations within any
five year period regardless of the type
of water in which they operate. No
more than three years may elapse between any two examinations.
(c) If, during an internal structural
examination damage or deterioration
to the hull plating or structural members is discovered, the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, may require the vessel to be drydocked or otherwise taken out of service to further
assess the extent of the damage and to
effect permanent repairs.
(d) Each vessel which has not met
with the applicable examination schedules in paragraphs (a) through (c) of
this section because it is on a voyage,
must undergo the required examinations upon completion of the voyage.
(e) The Commandant (CG–543) may
authorize extensions to the examination intervals specified in paragraphs
(a) and (b) of this section.

(4) The means for examining all
through-hull
fittings
and
appurtenances;
(5) The condition of the vessel, including the anticipated draft of the
vessel at the time of survey;
(6) A description of the hull protection system; and
(7) The name and qualifications of
any third party examiner.
(c) If your vessel is 15 years old or
older, the cognizant District Commander, on a case-by-case basis, may
approve an underwater survey instead
of a drydock examination at alternating intervals. You must submit an
application for an underwater survey
to the OCMI at least 90 days before
your vessel’s next required drydock examination. You may be allowed this
option if—
(1) The vessel is qualified under paragraphs (a)(2) through (4) of this section;
(2) Your application includes the information in paragraphs (b)(1) through
(b)(7) of this section; and
(3) During the vessel’s drydock examination, preceding the underwater survey, a complete set of hull gaugings
was taken and they indicated that the
vessel was free from appreciable hull
deterioration.
(d) After the drydock examination required by paragraph (c)(3) of this section, the OCMI submits a recommendation for future underwater surveys, the
results of the hull gauging, and the results of the Coast Guards’ drydock examination results to the cognizant District Commander, for review.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988; CGD
95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041,
61 FR 50734, Sept. 27, 1996; USCG–2000–6858, 67
FR 21083, Apr. 29, 2002; USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR
49239, Sept. 25, 2009]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.230 Underwater Survey in Lieu
of Drydocking (UWILD).
(a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI), on a case-by-case
basis, may approve an underwater survey instead of a drydock examination
at alternating intervals if your vessel
is—
(1) Less than 15 years of age;
(2) A steel or aluminum hulled vessel;
(3) Fitted with an effective hull protection system; and
(4) Listed in § 169.229(a)(1) or (2) of
this part.
(b) For vessels less than 15 years of
age, you must submit an application
for an underwater survey to the OCMI
at least 90 days before your vessel’s
next required drydock examination.
The application must include—
(1) The procedure for carrying out
the underwater survey;
(2) The time and place of the underwater survey;
(3) The method used to accurately determine the diver’s or remotely operated vehicle’s (ROV) location relative
to the hull;

[USCG–2000–6858, 67 FR 21083, Apr. 29, 2002]

§ 169.231 Definitions relating to hull
examinations.
As used in the part—
(a) Drydock examination means hauling out a vessel or placing a vessel in a
drydock or slipway for an examination
of all accessible parts of the vessel’s
underwater body and all through-hull
fittings, sea chests, sea valves, sea
strainers, and valves for the emergency
bilge suction.
(b) Underwater survey means the examination of the vessel’s underwater
hull including all through-hull fittings
and appurtenances, while the vessel is
afloat.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.235

(c) Internal structural examination
means an examination of the vessel
while afloat or in drydock and consists
of a complete examination of the vessel’s main strength members, including
the major internal framing, the hull
plating, voids, and ballast tanks, but
not including cargo or fuel oil tanks.

(b) Integral non-double-bottom fuel
oil tanks need not be cleaned out and
internally examined if the marine inspector is able to determine by external examination that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(c) Double-bottom fuel oil tanks on
vessels less than 10 years of age need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by external examination
that the general condition of the tanks
is satisfactory.
(d) All double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on vessels 10 years of age or older but
less than 15 years of age need not be
cleaned out and internally examined if
the marine inspector is able to determine by internal examination of at
least one forward double-bottom fuel
oil tank, and by external examination
of all other double-bottom fuel oil
tanks on the vessel, that the general
condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(e) All double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on vessels 15 years of age or older need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by internal examination
of at least one forward, one amidships,
and one aft double-bottom fuel oil
tank, and by external examination of
all other double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on the vessel, that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988; USCG–
2000–6858, 67 FR 21084, Apr. 29, 2002]

§ 169.233

Notice and plans required.

(a) The master, owner, operator, or
agent of the vessel shall notify the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,
whenever the vessel is to be drydocked
regardless
of
the
reason
for
drydocking.
(b) Each vessel, except barges, that
holds a Load Line Certificate must
have on board a plan showing the vessel’s scantlings. This plan must be
made available to the Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the vessel undergoes a drydock examination or internal structural examination or whenever repairs are made to the vessel’s
hull.
(c) Each barge that holds a Load Line
Certificate must have a plan showing
the barge’s scantlings. The plan need
not be maintained on board the barge
but must be made available to the
Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the barge undergoes a drydock examination or internal structural examination or whenever repairs are made
to the barge’s hull.

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988]

REPAIRS AND ALTERATIONS

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987]

§ 169.235

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.234 Integral fuel oil tank examinations.

Permission required.

(a) Repairs or alterations to the hull,
machinery, or equipment which affects
the safety of the vessel may not be
made without the knowledge and approval of the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
(b) Drawings, sketches or written
specifications describing the alterations in detail must be submitted to
the OCMI. Proposed alterations must
be approved by the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, before work is
started.
(c) Drawings are not required for repairs or replacements in kind.

(a) Each fuel oil tank with at least
one side integral to the vessel’s hull
and located within the hull (‘‘integral
fuel oil tank’’) is subject to inspection
as provided in this section. The owner
or operator of the vessel shall have the
tanks cleaned out and gas freed as necessary to permit internal examination
of the tank or tanks designated by the
marine inspector. The owner or operator shall arrange for an examination
of the fuel tanks of each vessel during
an internal structural examination at
intervals not to exceed five years.

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pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.236

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. It is the responsibility of the senior officer present, insofar as the persons under his control are concerned,
to maintain a safe condition on the
vesssel by full observance of all requirements listed by the marine chemist in the certificate.

§ 169.236 Inspection and testing required.
(a) The provisions of NFPA 306,
‘‘Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels,’’
are used as a guide in conducting the
inspections and issuing certificates required by this section.
(b) Until an inspection has been made
to determine that the operations can
be undertaken safely, no alterations,
repairs, or other operations involving
riveting, welding, burning, or other
fire-producing actions may be made—
(1) Within or on the boundaries of
fuel tanks; or
(2) To pipelines, heating coils, pumps,
fittings, or other appurtenances connected to fuel tanks.
(c) Inspections must be conducted as
follows:
(1) In ports or places in the United
States or its territories and possessions, the inspection must be made by
a marine chemist certificated by the
National Fire Protection Association;
however, if the services of such certified marine chemist are not reasonably available, the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, upon the recommendation of the vessel owner and
his contractor on their representative,
may authorize a person to inspect the
particular vessel. If the inspection indicates that the operations can be undertaken with safety, a certificate setting forth this fact in writing must be
issued by the certified marine chemist
or the authorized person before the
work is started. The certificate must
include any requirements necessary to
reasonably maintain safe conditions in
the spaces certified throughout the operation, including any precautions necessary to eliminate or minimize hazards that may be present from protective coatings or residues from cargoes.
(2) When not in a port or place in the
United States or its territories and
possessions, and when a marine chemist or a person authorized by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, is not
reasonably available, the senior officer
present shall conduct the inspection
and enter the results of the inspection
in the vessel’s logbook.
(d) It is the responsibility of the senior officer present to secure copies of
certificates issued by the certified marine chemist or a person authorized by

INSPECTIONS
§ 169.237

Inspection standards.

Vessels are inspected for compliance
with the standards required by this
subchapter. Items not covered by
standards in this subchapter must be in
accordance with good marine practice
and acceptable to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
§ 169.239

Hull.

At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection, the vessel
must be afloat and ready for the following tests and inspections of the hull
structure and its appurtenances:
(a) All accessible parts of the exterior and interior of the hull, the watertight bulkheads, and weather deck are
examined. Where the internals of the
vessel are completely concealed, sections of the lining or ceiling may be removed or the parts otherwise probed or
exposed so that the inspector may be
satisfied as to the condition of the hull
structure.
(b) All watertight closures in the
hull, decks and bulkheads are examined and operated.
(c) The condition of the superstructure, masts, and similar arrangements constructed on the hull is
checked. All spars, standing rigging,
running rigging, blocks, fittings, and
sails, including storm sails are inspected.
(d) All railings and bulwarks and
their attachment to the hull structure
are inspected. Special attention is paid
to ensure that guards or rails are provided in all dangerous places.
(e) All weathertight closures above
the weather deck are inspected. The
provisions for drainage of sea water
from the exposed decks are checked.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

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Coast Guard, DHS
§ 169.241

§ 169.245
checked to determine suitability for
the service intended.
(c) Rotating machinery. Rotating electrical machinery essential to the routine operation of the vessel is examined.
(d) Generators, etc. All generators,
motors, lighting fixtures and circuit
interrupting devices located in spaces
or areas which may contain flammable
vapors are checked.
(e) Storage batteries. Batteries are
checked for condition and security of
stowage.
(f) Fire detection and alarm system.
Electrical apparatus, which operates as
part of or in conjunction with a fire detection or alarm system installed on
board the vessel, is operationally tested. The test is applied, in a manner to
simulate, as closely as practicable, the
actual operation in case of fire.

Machinery.

(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection, the marine inspector will examine and test
the following items to the extent necessary, to determine that they are in
proper operating condition and fit for
the service for which they are intended:
(1) Engine starting system. Alternate
methods of starting are checked.
(2) Engine control mechanisms. Mechanisms are operationally tested and visually examined.
(3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the routine operation
of the vessel is checked.
(4) Fuel systems. Tanks, tank vents
and other appurtenances, piping and
pipe fittings are examined. The fuel
systems for the auxiliary propulsion
engines and all other fuel systems installed are checked. All valves in the
fuel lines are tested by operating locally and at remote operating positions.
(5) Sea valves and bulkhead closure
valves. All overboard discharge and intake valves are checked.
(6) Bilge and drainage systems. The
means provided for pumping bilges are
operationally
tested.
All
suction
strainers are examined.
(b) During all inspections special attention is paid to ensure that no fire
hazards exist and that guards or protective devices are provided in all hazardous places.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.245

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Lifesaving equipment.

At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection the following
tests and inspections of lifesaving
equipment will be conducted:
(a) All air tank buoyant units of all
lifesaving appliances are tested for
airtightness.
(b) Each lifeboat is lowered to near
the water and loaded with its allowed
capacity, evenly distributed throughout the length. The total weight used
is at least equal to the allowed capacity of the lifeboat considering persons
to weigh 75 kg (165 pounds) each. The
lifeboat is then lowered into the water
until it is afloat and released from the
falls.
(c) Each personal flotation device is
examined to determine its serviceability. If found to be satisfactory, it is
stamped ‘‘Passed,’’ together with the
date and the port. If found to be unsatisfactory, the personal flotation device
must be removed from the vessel’s
equipment and repaired. If it is beyond
repair it must be destroyed in the presence of the Coast Guard inspector.
(d) Each lifeboat winch electrical
control apparatus is opened and inspected.
(e) Where gravity davits are installed, it must be demonstrated that

§ 169.243 Electrical.
At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection, the marine inspector will examine and test the following items to the extent necessary,
to determine that they are in proper
operating condition, in safe electrical
condition, and fit for the service for
which they are intended:
(a) Electrical cable. All cable is examined as far as practicable without
undue disturbance of the cable or electrical apparatus.
(b) Overload or circuit protective devices. Circuit breakers are tested by
manual operation and fuses examined
visually. The ratings of fuses are

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§ 169.247

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
TABLE 169.247(a)(1)—PORTABLE
EXTINGUISHERS—Continued

the lifeboat can be swung out and lowered from any stopped position by
merely releasing the brake on the lifeboat winch. The use of force to start
the davits or the lifeboat winch is not
permitted.
(f) Inflatable liferaft containers are
examined for defects and the inspector
verifies that the inflatable liferafts and
hydraulic releases, if installed, have
been serviced at an approved facility in
accordance with the provisions of subparts 160.051 and 160.062, respectively,
of this chapter.
(g) All other items of lifesaving
equipment are examined to determine
that they are in suitable condition.

Type unit

Test

Carbon dioxide ..........

Weigh cylinders. Recharge if weight
loss exceeds 10 pct of weight of
charge. Inspect hose and nozzle
to be sure they are clear.
Examine pressure cartridge and replace if end is punctured or if cartridge is otherwise determined to
have leaked or to be in unsuitable
condition. Inspect hose and nozzle
to see they are clear. Insert
charged cartridge. Be sure dry
chemical is free-flowing (not
caked) and chamber contains full
charge.
See that pressure gage is in operating range. If not, or if seal is broken, weigh or otherwise determine
that full charge of dry chemical is
in extinguisher. Recharge if pressure is low or if dry chemical is
needed.
See that pressure gage, if provided,
is in operating range. Recharge if
pressure is low. Weigh cylinder.
Recharge if weight loss exceeds
10 pct of weight of charge. Inspect
hose and nozzle to ensure they
are clear.

Dry chemical (cartridge-operated
type).

Dry chemical (stored
pressure).

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.247 Firefighting equipment.
(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection and at
such other times as considered necessary all fire-extinguishing equipment
is inspected to ensure it is in suitable
condition. Tests may be necessary to
determine the condition of the equipment. The inspector verifies that the
tests and inspections required in Tables 169.247 (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this subchapter have been conducted by a
qualified servicing facility at least
once every twelve months.
(1) Hand portable fire extinguishers
and semi-portable fire extinguishing
systems are examined for excessive
corrosion and general condition.
(2) All parts of the fixed fire-extinguishing systems are examined for excessive corrosion and general condition.
(3) Piping, controls, valves, and
alarms on all fire-extinguishing systems are checked to be certain the system is in operating condition.
(4) The fire main system is operated
and the pressure checked at the most
remote and highest outlets.
(5) Each firehose is subjected to a
test pressure equivalent to its maximum service pressure.

HALON 1211 or
HALON 1301).

TABLE 169.247(a)(2)—FIXED SYSTEMS
Type system
Carbon dioxide or
HALON 1301.

Test
Weigh cylinders. Recharge if weight
loss exceeds 10 pct of weight of
charge.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.249

Pressure vessels.

Pressure vessels must meet the requirements of part 54 of this chapter.
The inspection procedures for pressure
vessels are contained in subpart 61.10 of
this chapter.
§ 169.251

Steering apparatus.

At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection the steering apparatus is inspected and operationally
tested to determine that its condition
is satisfactory and that it is fit for the
service intended.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

TABLE 169.247(a)(1)—PORTABLE
EXTINGUISHERS

§ 169.253 Miscellaneous
equipment.

Type unit

Test

Foam ..........................

Discharge. Clean hose and inside of
extinguisher thoroughly. Recharge.

systems

(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection all

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.307
struction or before the initial inspection of the vessel, submit to the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection of the inspection zone where the vessel is to be
inspected, at least one copy of each of
the following plans:
(1) Midship section.
(2) Outboard profile.
(3) Inboard profile.
(4) Arrangement of decks.
(5) Lifesaving equipment installation
and arrangement.
(6) Machinery installation.
(7) Electrical installation.
(8) Fire control plan.
(9) Fuel tanks.
(10) Piping systems.
(11) Hull penetrations and shell connections.
(12) Lines and offsets, curves of form,
and capacities of the tanks including
size and location on vessel.
(13) Masts, including integration into
the ship’s structure.
(14) Rigging plan showing sail areas
and centers of effort as well as the arrangement, dimensions, and connections of the standing rigging.
(b) For vessels less than 65 feet in
length, the owner may submit specifications, sketches, photographs, line
drawings or written descriptions in lieu
of any of the required drawings provided the required information is adequately detailed and acceptable to the
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(c) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may waive submission of
some or all of the structural plans
called for by paragraph (a) of this section for an existing vessel with a history of at least 5 years of safe operation, or if the design and construction
of the vessel are essentially similar to
a vessel which has a proven record of
safe operation in similar service upon
similar waters.

items in the ship’s outfit, such as
ground tackle, navigation lights, compass, etc., which are required to be carried by the regulations in this subchapter are examined and tested as
necessary to determine that they are
fit the service intended.
(b) Approved work vests, where carried, are inspected as provided in
§ 169.556.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.255 Sanitary inspection.
At each inspection for certification,
periodic inspection, and annual inspection quarters, toilet and washing
spaces, galleys, serving pantries, lockers, etc., are examined to determine
that they are serviceable and in a sanitary condition.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.257 Unsafe practices.
(a) At each inspection for certification, periodic inspection, annual inspection, and at every other vessel inspection all observed unsafe practices
and hazardous situations must be corrected.
(b) At each inspection for certification, periodic inspection, annual inspection, and at every other vessel inspection the bilges and other spaces are
examined to see that there is no accumulation of oil or other matter which
might create a fire hazard.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6508, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 169.259 Limitations of inspections.
The OCMI may require that a vessel
and its equipment meet any test or inspection deemed necessary to determine that they are suitable for the
service in which they are to be employed.

§ 169.307 Plans for sister vessels.
Plans are not required for any vessel
which is a sister ship to a vessel, provided that—
(a) The approved plans for the original vessels are already on file at any
Marine Inspection Office;
(b) The owner of the plans authorizes
their use for the new construction;
(c) The regulations have not changed
since the original plan approval; and

Subpart 169.300—Construction
and Arrangement

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

PLANS
§ 169.305 Plans required.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(b) and (c) of this section the owner or
builder shall, before the start of con-

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§ 169.309

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(d) There are no major modifications
to any of the systems used.

sel which is certificated to carry 100
persons or less or had overnight accommodations for less than 50 persons
must meet the requirements of
§ 169.323.
(b) A fire detector, listed by a recognized testing laboratory, must be installed in each unmanned engine space.
(c) Smoke detectors, listed by a recognized testing laboratory, must be installed in each berthing compartment,
sail locker, and public area.
(d) Internal combustion engine exhausts, boiler and galley uptakes, and
similar sources of ignition must be
kept clear of and suitably insulated
from any woodwork or other combustible matter.
(e) Lamp, paint, oil lockers and similar compartments must be constructed
of metal or wholly lined with metal.

HULL STRUCTURE

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.309 Structural standards.
(a) Compliance with the standards established by a recognized classification
society will, in general, be considered
satisfactory evidence of the structural
adequacy of a vessel.
(b) Masts, posts and other supporting
structures are to have adequate
strength to withstand the highest loadings imposed by the sail systems during all normal and emergency conditions. Particular attention must be
given to the integration of the masts
and rigging into the hull structure.
The hull structure must be adequately
reinforced and stiffened locally to ensure sufficient strength and resistance
to plate buckling.
(c) The design, materials, and construction of masts, yards, booms,
bowsprits, and standing rigging must
be suitable for the intended service.
Detailed calculations with respect to
the strength of the sail system may be
required. Approval by a recognized
classification society may be considered satisfactory evidence of the adequacy of the sail system.
(d) When scantlings differ from established standards and it can be demonstrated that a craft approximating
the same size, power and displacement
has been built to the proposed
scantlings and has been in satisfactory
service, insofar as structural adequacy
is concerned, for a period of a least 5
years, the proposed scantling may be
approved. A detailed structural analysis may be required.
(e) Special consideration will be
given to the structural requirements of
vessels not contemplated by the standards of a recognized classification society and to the use of materials not specially included in these standards.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 897, Jan. 9, 1986; 51 FR
3785, Jan. 30, 1986]

§ 169.313 Means of escape.
(a) Except as provided by paragraph
(f) of this section, there must be at
least two means of escape from all
areas generally accessible to persons
onboard. At least one means of escape
must be independent of watertight
doors and lead directly to the open
deck. Windows and windshields of sufficient size and proper accessibility may
be used as one avenue of escape.
(b) The two means of escape must be
as widely separated as practical to
minimize the possibility of one incident blocking both escapes.
(c) Except as provided by paragraph
(d) of this section, a vertical ladder and
deck scuttle may not be designated as
one of the means of escape.
(d) A vertical ladder and deck scuttle
may be used as a second means of escape if—
(1) The primary means of escape is an
enclosed stairtower or stairway;
(2) The installation of two stairways
is impracticable;
(3) The scuttle is located where it can
not be interfered with; and
(4) The scuttle is fitted with a quickacting release and a hold-back to hold
the scuttle in an open position.
(e) The required means of escape
must not have locking devices.
(f) Where the length of the compartment is less than 12 feet, one vertical

§ 169.311 Fire protection.
(a) The general construction of the
vessel must be designed to minimize
fire hazards. Each vessel which carries
more than 100 persons or has overnight
accommodations for more than 49 persons must meet the requirements of
subpart 72.05 of this chapter. Each ves-

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.323

means of escape is acceptable provided
that—
(1) There is no source of fire in the
space, such as a galley stove, heater,
etc., and the vertical escape is remote
from the engine or fuel tank space, and
(2) The arrangement is such that the
installation of two means of escape
does not materially improve the safety
of the vessel or those on board.
(g) Dead end corridors or the equivalent, more than 40 feet in length are
prohibited.
(h) Each means of escape must be of
adequate size to accommodate rapid
evacuation.
(i) Each vertical ladder must have
rungs that are:
(1) At least 16 inches in length;
(2) Not more than 12 inches apart,
uniform for the length of the ladder;
(3) At least 3 inches from the nearest
permanent object in back of the ladder;
and
(4) Except when unavoidable obstructions are encountered, there must be at
least 41⁄2 inches clearance above each
rung.

percent of the vessel’s loadline length
abaft the forward side of the stem. The
space must not be located totally
below the deepest load waterline.
(b) Bulkheads separating accommodations from machinery spaces,
paint lockers, storerooms, washrooms,
and toilet facilities are to be odorproof.
(c) All quarters are to be properly
drained, odorproof and protected from
heat and noise.
(d) Each person on board must have a
separate berth which is of sufficient
size and generally clear of all pipes,
ventilation ducts and other installations.
(e) Each bunk must be constructed of
wood, fiberglass or metal. If fitted with
a mattress, the mattress must be covered with material which has been
treated to give it fire resistant properties and which will provide the mattress with a reasonably smooth surface. There must be a minimum
vertical distance between bunks of 24
inches.
(f) A means of access must be provided for each berthing arrangement
where the upper berth is more than 60
inches above the deck.
(g) The construction and arrangement must allow free and unobstructed
access to each berth. Each berth must
be immediately adjacent to an aisle
leading to a means of escape from the
living area.
(h) A properly arranged hammock
may be used as a berth.

§ 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).
(a) All enclosed spaces within the
vessel must be properly ventilated in a
manner suitable for the purpose of the
space.
(b) A means must be provided to
close off all vents and ventilators.
(c) Living spaces must be ventilated
by a mechanical system unless it can
be shown that a natural system will
provide adequate ventilation in all ordinary weather conditions. Provided
that paragraph (a) of this section is
satisfied, a vessel having only a natural ventilation system must satisfy
the following: V/A≥1.4 where V is the
total area of the vents in square inches
and A is the product in square feet of
the vessel’s design waterline length
times its maximum beam.

§ 169.319

LIVING SPACES

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Washrooms and toilets.

(a) Sailing school vessels must have
one toilet and one washbasin for every
20 persons. Each toilet and washbasin
must have adequate plumbing.
(b) Each washroom and toilet room
must properly drain and the scupper to
the washroom must be of sufficient size
and situated in the lowest part of the
space.
(c) Each sailing school vessel must
meet the applicable requirements of
Title 33, Code of Federal Regulations,
part 159.

§ 169.317 Accommodations.
(a) Quarters must have sufficient
fresh air, light and heat. Quarters must
not be located forward of the collision
bulkhead or farther forward in the vessel than a vertical plane located at 5

§ 169.323

Furniture and furnishings.

Each sailing school vessel certificated to carry 100 persons or less or
having overnight accommodations for

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§ 169.327

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

less than 50 persons must meet the following requirements:
(a) Except as provided by paragraph
(b) of this section, all free-standing furniture must be constructed of noncombustible material. Upholstery and
padding used in furniture must be of
fire resistant materials.
(b) Existing solid wooden furniture
may be retained on existing vessels.
(c) Draperies must be fabricated of
fire resistant fabrics.
(d) Rugs and carpets must be of wool
or other material having equivalent
fire resistant qualities.
(e) Trash receptacles must be constructed of non-combustible materials
with solid sides and bottoms and have
solid noncombustible covers.

Subpart 169.400—Watertight
Integrity, Subdivision, and Stability
§ 169.401 Applicability.
Each vessel must meet the applicable
requirements in Subchapter S, parts
170–174, of this chapter.

Subpart 169.500—Lifesaving and
Firefighting Equipment
LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT—GENERAL
§ 169.505 Equipment installed but not
required.
Each item of lifesaving equipment installed on board a vessel must be of an
approved type.
§ 169.507 Responsibility of master.
The master or operator shall ensure
that the lifeboats, liferafts, davits,
falls, personal flotation devices, and
other lifesaving appliances are at all
times ready for use, and that all equipment required by the regulations in
this subchapter is provided, maintained, serviced, and replaced as indicated.

RAILS AND GUARDS
§ 169.327

Deck rails.

(a) All rails or lifelines must be at
least 30 inches high and permanently
supported by stanchions at intervals of
not more than 7 feet. Stanchions must
be through bolted or welded to the
deck.
(b) Rails or lifelines must consist of
evenly spaced courses. The spacing between courses must not be greater than
12 inches. The opening below the lowest
course must not be more than 9 inches.
Lower rail courses are not required
where all or part of the space below the
upper rail is fitted with a bulwark,
chain link fencing, wire mesh, or an
equivalent.
(c) Small vessels of the open type and
vessels of unusual construction must
have rails or equivalent protection as
considered necessary by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
§ 169.329

§ 169.509 Approval for repairs and alterations.
No extensive repairs or alterations,
except in an emergency, may be made
to any item of lifesaving equipment
without advance notice to the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection. Repairs
and alterations must be made to the
original standard of construction and
tested in the manner specified in this
subpart and applicable requirements in
Subchapter Q of this chapter. Emergency repairs or alterations must be
reported as soon as practicable to the
nearest Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

Storm rails.

PRIMARY LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Suitable storm rails or hand grabs
must be installed where necessary in
all passageways, at deckhouse sides,
and at ladders and hatches where persons might have normal access.

§ 169.513 Types of primary equipment.
(a) Lifeboats. Each lifeboat must be of
a type approved under subpart 160.035
of this chapter. Installation and arrangement of each lifeboat including
davits and winches must meet the requirements of part 94 of this chapter.
(b) Inflatable liferafts. (1) Each inflatable liferaft must be a SOLAS A inflatable liferaft approved under part 160,

§ 169.331 Guards in hazardous locations.
Each exposed hazard, such as gears or
machinery, must be properly protected
with covers, guards, or rails.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.521
and launching of the lifesaving appliances.

subpart 160.151, of this chapter, except
that inflatable liferafts on vessels operating on protected or partially protected waters may be SOLAS B inflatable liferafts approved under part 160,
subpart 160.151, of this chapter.
(2) Each approved inflatable liferaft
on the vessel on September 30, 2002,
may be used to meet the requirements
of this part as long as it is continued in
use on the vessel, and is in good and
serviceable condition.
(c) Life floats. Each lifefloat must be
of a type approved under subpart
160.027 of this subchapter.

§ 169.521

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–2001–11118, 67 FR 58541, Sept. 17,
2002]

§ 169.515 Number required.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, each vessel must
have sufficient lifeboats or inflatable
liferafts to accommodate all persons on
board .
(b) Each vessel certificated for exposed waters must have additional inflatable liferafts to accommodate 25%
of the persons on board or the number
of persons accommodated in the largest
lifeboat or liferaft, whichever is greater.
(c) Vessels certificated for protected
waters only may carry lifefloats of a
combined capacity to accommodate all
persons on board in lieu of the lifeboats
and inflatable liferafts required in
paragraph (a) of this section.
§ 169.517 Rescue boat.
All vessels certificated for exposed or
partially protected waters service must
have a suitable motor rescue boat, except when a motor lifeboat is provided
or when, in the opinion of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, the vessel
is of such design and operating characteristics that the vessel itself provides
a satisfactory man overboard rescue
platform.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Stowage.

(a) General. Each lifeboat, inflatable
liferaft, and lifefloat must be stowed so
that—
(1) It is capable of being launched
within 10 minutes or, in the case of vessels having one compartment subdivision, 30 minutes;
(2) It does not impede the launching
or handling of other lifesaving appliances;
(3) It does not impede the marshaling
of persons at the embarkation stations,
or their embarkation; and
(4) It is capable of being put in the
water safely and rapidly even under unfavorable conditions of list and trim.
(b) Lifeboat stowage. Each lifeboat
must be stowed to meet the following
requirements:
(1) Each lifeboat must be attached to
a separate set of davits.
(2) Lifeboats must not be stowed in
the bow of the vessel nor so far aft as
to be endangered by the propellers or
overhang of the stern.
(3) Lifeboats must be stowed so that
it is not necessary to lift them in order
to swing out the davits.
(4) Means must be provided for bringing the lifeboats against the ship’s side
and holding them there so that persons
may safely embark, unless the lifeboats are arranged for boarding at the
stowage position.
(5) Lifeboats must be fitted with
skates or other suitable means to facilitate launching against an adverse
list of up to 15 degrees. However,
skates may be dispensed with if, in the
opinion of the Commandant, the arrangements ensure that the lifeboats
can be satisfactorily launched without
them.
(6) Means must be provided outside
the machinery space to prevent the discharge of water into the lifeboats while
they are being lowered.
(c) Inflatable liferaft stowage. Inflatable liferafts must be stowed so that
they will float free in the event of the
vessel sinking. Stowage and launching
arrangements must be to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.

§ 169.519 Availability.
(a) Each lifeboat, inflatable liferaft,
and lifefloat must be kept in good
working order and be readily available.
(b) The decks on which lifeboats, liferafts, and lifefloats are carried must be
kept clear of obstructions which could
interfere with the immediate boarding

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pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.525

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(d) Life float stowage. Each life float
must be stowed to meet the requirements of this paragraph.
(1) Each life float must be secured to
the vessel by a painter and a float-free
link that is—
(i) Certified to meet subpart 160.073 of
this chapter;
(ii) Of proper strength for the size of
the life float as indicated on its identification tag; and
(iii) Secured to the painter at one end
and secured to the vessel on the other
end.
(2) The means by which the float-free
link is attached to the vessel must—
(i) Have a breaking strength of at
least the breaking strength of the
painter.
(ii) If synthetic, be of a dark color or
of a material certified to be resistant
to deterioration from ultraviolet light;
and
(iii) If metal, be corrosion resistant.
(3) If the life float does not have a
painter attachment fitting, a means for
attaching the painter must be provided
by a wire or line that—
(i) Encircles the body of the device;
(ii) Will not slip off;
(iii) Has a breaking strength that is
at least the breaking strength of the
painter; and
(iv) If synthetic, is of a dark color or
is of a material certified to be resistant
to deterioration from ultraviolet light.
(4) The float-free link described in
paragraphs (d)(1) and (d)(2) of this section is not required if the vessel operates solely in waters that have a depth
less than the length of the painter.
(5) If the vessel carries more than one
life float, the life floats may be
grouped and each group secured by a
single painter, provided that—
(i) The combined weight of each
group of life floats does not exceed 400
pounds;
(ii) Each life float is individually attached to the painter by a line that
meets paragraphs (d)(2) and (d)(3) of
this section and which is long enough
so that each can float without contacting any other life float in the
group; and
(iii) The strength of the float-free
link and the strength of the painter
under paragraphs (d)(1)(ii) and (d)(2) of
this section is determined by the com-

bined capacity of the group of life
floats.
(6) Each life float, as stowed, must be
capable of easy launching. Life floats
weighing over 400 pounds must not require lifting before launching.
(7) Life floats must be secured to the
vessel only by a painter and lashings
that can be easily released or by hydraulic releases. They must not be
stowed in more than four tiers. When
stowed in tiers, the separate units
must be kept apart by spacers.
(8) There must be means to prevent
shifting.
(e) Hydraulic Releases. Each hydraulic
release used in the installation of any
inflatable liferaft or life float must
meet subpart 160.062 of this chapter.
EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY LIFESAVING
APPARATUS
§ 169.525 General.
(a) Equipment for primary lifesaving
apparatus must kept in good condition.
(b) Lifeboats, inflatable liferafts and
lifefloats must be fully equipped before
the vessel is navigated and throughout
the voyage.
(c) No person may stow in any lifeboat, inflatable liferaft, or lifefloat any
article not required by this subpart unless the article is authorized by the
OCMI, in good working order, and properly stowed so as not to reduce the
seating capacity, the space available to
the occupants, or adversely affect the
seaworthiness of the livesaving apparatus.
(d)
Loose
equipment,
except
boathooks in lifeboats, must be securely attached to the lifesaving appliance to which it belongs.
§ 169.527 Required equipment for lifeboats.
Lifeboats must be equipped in accordance with Table 169.527. This equipment is described in § 169.529.
TABLE 169.527
Letter identification and item

Exposed and
partially protected waters

a—Bailer ....................................
b—Bilge pump ...........................
c—Boathooks ............................
d—Bucket ..................................
e—Compass and mounting .......

1
1
2
2
1

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Protected
waters
None
None
1
1
None

Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.529

TABLE 169.527—Continued
Letter identification and item

Exposed and
partially protected waters

f—Ditty bag ................................
g—Drinking cup .........................
h—Fire extinguisher (motor-propelled lifeboats only) ..............
i—First-aid kit ............................
j—Flashlight ...............................
k—Hatchet .................................
l—Heaving line ..........................
m—Jackknife .............................
n—Ladder, lifeboat, gunwale ....
o—Lantern .................................
p—Lifeline ..................................
q—Life preservers .....................
r—Locker ...................................
s—Mast and sail (oar-propelled
lifeboats only) .........................
t—Matches (boxes) ...................
u—Mirror, signaling ...................
v—Oars (units) ..........................
w—Oil, illuminating (quarts) ......
x—Oil, storm, (gallons) ..............
y—Painter ..................................
z—Plug ......................................
aa—Provisions (per person) ......
bb—Rowlocks (units) .................
cc—Rudder and tiller .................
dd—Sea anchor ........................
ee—Signals, distress, floating
orange smoke ........................
ff—Signals, distress, red hand
flare (units) .............................
gg—Signals, distress, red parachute flare (units) ...................
hh—Tool kit (motor-propelled
lifeboats only) .........................
ii—Water (quarts per person) ....
jj—Whistle, signaling .................
kk—Fishing kit ...........................
ll—Cover, protecting ..................
mm—Signals, lifesaving ............

hook handles must be of clear grained
white ash, or equivalent, and of a
length and diameter as given in Table
169.529(c).

Protected
waters

1
1

None
None

2
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
1

2
None
None
1
None
None
None
1
1
2
None

1
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1

None
1
None
1
None
None
1
1
None
1
None
None

2

None

1

None

1

None

1
3
1
1
1
1

1
None
None
None
None
None

TABLE 169.529(c)
Length of lifeboat, feet
Over—

23
29

TABLE 169.529(b)
Capacity of lifeboat, cubic feet

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Bilge pump size
Not over—

330
700

330
700
..............................

Not over—

Length, feet

23
29

1.50
1.75
2

8
10
12

(d) Bucket. Each bucket must be of
heavy gage galvanized iron, or other
suitable corrosion-resistant metal, of
not less than 2-gallon capacity, and
must have a 6-foot lanyard of 12-thread
manila or equivalent attached.
(e) Compass and mounting. The compass and mounting must be of an approved type.
(f) Ditty bag. The ditty bag must consist of a canvas bag or equivalent and
must contain a sailmaker’s palm, needles, sail twine, marline, and marline
spike.
(g) Drinking cups. Drinking cups must
be enamel coated or plastic, graduated
in milliliters or ounces, and provided
with lanyards 3 feet in length.
(h) Fire extinguishers. Each fire extinguisher must be an approved Type B-C,
Size I. One must be attached to each
end of the lifeboat.
(i) First-aid kit. The first-aid kit must
be approved under subpart 160.041 of
this chapter.
(j) Flashlights. Each flashlight must
be approved under § 94.20–15(j) of this
chapter. Three spare cells (or one 3-cell
battery) and two spare bulbs, stowed in
a watertight container, must be provided with each flashlight. Batteries
must be replaced yearly during the annual stripping, clearing, and overhaul
of the lifeboat.
(k) Hatchets. Hatchets must be approved under subpart 160.013 of this
chapter. They must be attached to the
lifeboat by individual lanyards and be
readily available for use, one at each
end of the lifeboat.
(l) Heaving line. The heaving line
must be of adequate strength, 10 fathoms in length, and 1 inch in circumference. It must remain buoyant after
being submerged for 24 hours.

§ 169.529 Description of lifeboat equipment.
(a) Bailer. The bailer must have a lanyard attached and must be of sufficient
size and suitable for bailing.
(b) Bilge pump. Bilge pumps must be
approved under subpart 160.044 of this
chapter. They must be of the size given
in Table 169.529(b) depending upon the
capacity of the lifeboat as determined
by the six-tenths rule as described in
§ 160.035–9(b) of this chapter.

Over—

Boathook handles
Diameter,
inches

1
2
3

(c) Boathooks. Boathooks must be of
the single hook ballpoint type. Boat-

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§ 169.529

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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(m) Jackknife. The jackknife must be
approved under subpart 160.043 of this
chapter.
(n) Ladder, lifeboat gunwale. The lifeboat gunwale ladder must consist of 3
flat wood steps with cut outs for hand
holds. The steps must be spaced 12
inches apart and fastened with 5⁄8 inch
diameter manila rope or equivalent.
Each rope end must be tied inside the
lifeboat at about amidships with the
ladder stowed on top of the side benches and ready for immediate use.
(o) Lantern. The lantern must contain sufficient oil to burn for at least 9
hours, and be ready for immediate use.
In totally enclosed lifeboats, an interior lighting system may be used in
lieu of a lantern.
(p) Lifeline. The lifeline must be properly secured to both sides of the lifeboat along its entire length, festooned
in bights not longer than 3 feet, with a
seine float in each bight. The float may
be omitted if the line is of an inherently buoyant material and absorbs lit-

tle or no water. The lifeline must be of
a size and strength not less than 3⁄8inch diameter manila. The bights must
hang to within 12 inches of the water
when the lifeboat is light.
(q) Life preservers. Life preservers
must be of an approved type. These
preservers are in addition to those required by § 169.539 of this chapter.
(r) Locker. The locker must be suitable for the storage and preservation of
the small items of equipment required
under § 169.527.
(s) Mast and sail. A unit, consisting of
a standing lug sail together with the
necessary spars and rigging, must be
provided in accordance with Table
169.529(s). The sails must be of good
quality canvas, or other material acceptable to the Commandant, colored
Indian Orange (Cable No. 70072, Standard Color Card of America). Rigging
must consist of galvanized wire rope
not less than three-sixteenths inch in
diameter. The mast and sail must be
protected by a suitable cover.

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58
74
93
113
135
158
181
203

17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31

5
6
7
8
9
9
10
11

Feet
11
8
5
3
0
9
5
0

Inches

Luff and head
lengths

12
13
15
16
18
20
21
22

Feet
1
8
1
11
6
0
5
8

Inches

Leach length

8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Feet
10
0
2
4
6
7
7
6

Inches
10
12
13
15
16
17
19
20

Feet
10
2
8
1
6
10
1
3

Inches

Clew to throat

TABLE 169.529(s)

Foot length

Standing lug sail

14.35
14.35
14.35
14.35
14.35
17.50
17.50
20.74

Ounces
per
square
yard
10
10
10
10
10
8
8
6

Commercial
designation
number
Feet

11
12
13
15
16
17
19
20

Mast 1

2
6
10
2
6
10
2
6

Inches

Length

3
3
31⁄2
31⁄2
4
4
41⁄2
41⁄2

Diameter,
inches
Feet

6
7
8
9
10
10
11
12

Yard 1

11
8
5
3
0
9
5
0

Inches

Length

lengths measured from heel to center of upper halyard sheave. Mast diameters measured at thwart. Mast and yard shall be of clear-grained spruce, fir, or equivalent.
to special consideration.

2 Subject

1 Mast

17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31 2

Over—

Area,
square
feet

Not
over—

Length of lifeboat,
feet

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

2
2
21⁄2
21⁄2
3
3
31⁄4
31⁄4

Diameter,
inches

Coast Guard, DHS
§ 169.529

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§ 169.529

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(t) Matches. A box of friction matches
in a watertight container, stowed in an
equipment locker or secured to the underside of the stern thwart if no locker
is fitted, must be provided.
(u) Mirrors, signaling. Signaling mirrors must be of an approved type.
(v) Oars. A unit, consisting of a complement of rowing oars and steering
oar, must be provided for each lifeboat
in accordance with Table 169.529(v) except that motor-propelled and handpropelled lifeboats need only be
equipped with four rowing oars and one
steering oar. In any case, the emergency lifeboats must be provided with
the full complement of oars prescribed
by the table. All oars must be buoyant.

(aa) Provisions. Approved emergency
rations must be provided, consisting of
10,000 kJ (2390 calories) for each person
the lifeboat is approved to carry. The
provisions must be stowed in lockers or
other compartments providing suitable
protection.
(bb) Rowlocks. A unit, consisting of
sufficient rowlocks and rowlock sockets for each oar required by Table
169.529(v) plus 2 additional rowlocks
must be provided. The rowlocks must
be attached to the lifeboat by separate
chains so as to be available for immediate use, except that the 2 additional
spare rowlocks must be carried in the
equipment locker or stowed near the
stern if no locker is fitted. The
rowlocks and rowlock sockets must be
distributed so as to provide the maximum amount of single banked oars
practicable.
(cc) Rudder and tiller. The rudder and
tiller must be constructed in accordance with § 160.035–3(t) of this chapter.
(dd) Sea anchor. The sea anchor must
be of an approved type.
(ee) Signals, distress, floating orange
smoke. The floating orange smoke distress signals must be approved under
subpart 160.022 of this chapter. The signals must be replaced no later than the
first annual stripping, cleaning, and
overhaul of the lifeboat after the date
of expiration.
(ff) Signals, distress, red hand flare. A
unit consists of twelve hand red flare
distress signals approved under subpart
160.021 or 160.023 of this chapter and
stored in a watertight container. Signals must be replaced no later than the
first annual stripping, cleaning, and
overhaul of the lifeboat after the date
of expiration.
(gg) Signals, distress, red parachute
flare. A unit consists of twelve parachute red flare distress signals with an
approved means of projection approved
under subparts 160.024 and 160.028 respectively; or twelve approved handheld rocket-propelled parachute red
flare distress signals approved under
subpart 160.036. Flares must be stored
in a portable watertight container.
Flares must be replaced no later than
the first annual stripping, cleaning,
and overhaul of the lifeboat after the
date of expiration.

TABLE 169.529(v)
Length of lifeboat
(feet)
Over—

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15
19
21
23
25
27

Not
over—

Number of oars—
Rowing

15
19
21
23
25
27
.............

Steering

4
6
6
6
8
8
8

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Length of oars
(feet)—
Rowing
8
10
11
12
13
14
15

Steering
9
11
12
13
14
15
16

(w) Oil, illuminating. One quart of illuminating oil must be provided in a
metal container if a lantern is carried.
(x) Oil, storm. One gallon of vegetable,
fish, or animal oil must be provided in
a suitable metal container so constructed as to permit a controlled distribution of oil on the water, and so arranged that it can be attached to the
sea anchor.
(y) Painter. Painters must be of manila rope not less than 23⁄4 inches in circumference, or equivalent, and of a
length not less than 3 times the distance between the deck on which the
lifeboat is stowed and the light draft of
the vessel. For lifeboats on vessels certificated for exposed or partially protected water service, one of the painters must have a long eye splice and be
attached to the thwart with a toggle.
The other painter must be attached to
the stem.
(z) Plug. The automatic drain required in the lifeboat must be provided
with a cap or plug attached to the lifeboat by a suitable chain.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.539
TABLE 169.535—Continued

(hh) Tool kit. The tool kit must consist of at least the following tools in a
suitable container:
(1) One 12-ounce ball peen hammer.
(2) One screwdriver with 6-inch blade.
(3) One pair 8-inch slip joint pliers.
(4) One 8-inch adjustable end wrench.
(ii) Water. (1) For each person the
lifeboat is certified to carry, there
must be provided three quarts of drinking water in containers approved under
subpart 160.026. Water must be replaced
no later than the first annual stripping, cleaning, and overhaul of the lifeboat after date of expiration.
(2) One or more desalting kits, approved under subpart 160.058 of this
chapter, may be used as a substitute
for one-third of the drinking water required.
(3) The drinking water must be
stowed in drinking water tanks, lockers, or other compartments providing
suitable protection.
(jj) Whistle, signaling. The whistle
must be of the ball-type or multi-tone
type, of corrosion resistant construction, with a 36-inch lanyard attached,
and in good working order.
(kk) Fishing kit. The fishing kit must
be approved under subpart 160.061 of
this chapter.
(ll) Cover, protecting. The cover must
be of highly visible color and capable of
protecting the occupants against exposure.
(mm) Table of lifesaving signals. The
table of lifesaving signals must be in
accordance with the provisions of
Chapter V, Regulation 16, of the International Convention for Safety of Life
at Sea, 1974, and must be printed on
water resistant paper.

Number required for each lifefloat
Letter identification and
Item
(d) Painter ....................
(e) Water light ..............

PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES
§ 169.539

TABLE 169.535

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1
1
4

Type required.

All personal flotation devices (PFDs)
must be either—
(a) A Type I approved under subpart
160.055, 160.002, or 160.005 of Subchapter
Q (specification) of this chapter; or
(b) a Type V approved specifically for
sailing school vessel use under subpart

Number required for each lifefloat

(a) Boathook ................
(b) Lifeline ....................
(c) Paddles ..................

Protected
water
1
1
4

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None

(a) Boathook. Each boathook must be
of the single hook ball point type.
Boathook handles must be of clear
grained white ash, or equivalent, not
less than 6 feet long and 11⁄2 inches in
diameter.
(b) Lifeline and pendants. The lifeline
and pendants must be as furnished by
the manufacturer with approved life
floats. Replacement lifelines and pendants must meet the requirements in
subpart 160.010 of this chapter.
(c) Paddles. Paddles must be not less
than 5 feet long.
(d) Painter. The painter must—
(1) Be at least 30m (100 ft.) long, but
not less than 3 times the distance between the deck on which the life
float(s) are stowed and the light draft
of the vessel,
(2) Have a breaking strength of at
least 6.7 KN (1500 lbs.), except that if
the capacity of the life float is 50 persons or more, the breaking strength
must be at least 13.4 KN (3000 lbs.),
(3) Be of a dark color, if synthetic, or
of a type certified to be resistant to deterioration from ultraviolet light, and
(4) Be stowed in such a way it runs
freely when the life float floats away
from the sinking vessel.
(e) Water light. The water light must
be approved under subpart 161.010 of
this chapter. The water light must be
attached to the lifefloat by a 12-thread
manila or equivalent synthetic lanyard
3 fathoms in length.

§ 169.535 Required
equipment
for
lifefloats.
Each lifefloat must be equipped in
accordance with Table 169.535. The
equipment is described in § 169.537.

Exposed and partially protected water

1
1

Protected
water

§ 169.537 Description of equipment for
lifefloats.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29, 1995]

Letter identification and
Item

Exposed and partially protected water

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§ 169.541

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

160.064 or 160.077 of Subchapter Q of this
chapter; or
(c) a Type II approved under subparts
160.047, 160.052, or 160.060 or a Type III
approved under subpart 160.064 if the
vessel carries exposure suits or Type V
exposure PFDs, in accordance with section 169.551.

sq. cm. on its back side. If the personal
flotation
device
is
reversible,
retroreflective material must be applied as described above on both sides.
(e) Retroreflective material required
by this section must be Type I material
that is approved under subpart 164.018
of this chapter.

§ 169.541 Number required.
Each vessel must be provided with an
approved adult personal flotation device of an appropriate size for each person carried. In addition, unless the
service is such that children are never
carried, there must be provided an approved personal flotation device of a
suitable size for each child carried.

ADDITIONAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT
§ 169.549 Ring lifebuoys and water
lights.
(a)(1) The minimum number of life
buoys and the minimum number to
which water lights must be attached
must be in accordance with the following table:
TABLE 169.549(a)(1)

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.543 Distribution and stowage.
(a) Personal flotation devices must
be distributed through the upper part
of the vessel in protected places convenient to the persons on board.
(b) If practicable, personal flotation
device containers must be designed to
allow the PFDs to float free.
(c) Personal flotation devices for
children, when provided, must be
stowed separately.
(d) Lockers, boxes, and closets in
which PFDs are stowed must not be capable of being locked.

Length of vessel

Minimum
number of
buoys

Minimum
number of
buoys with
waterlights
attached

Under 100 ..................................
100 feet to less than 200 ft .......
200 feet to less than 300 ft .......
300 feet to less than 400 ft .......
400 feet to less than 600 ft .......

2
4
6
12
18

1
2
2
4
9

(2) One lifebuoy on each side of a vessel must have an attached line at least
15 fathoms in length.
(b) All lifebuoys must be placed
where they are readily accessible. They
must be capable of being readily cast
loose.
(c)(1) All ring lifebuoys must be approved under subpart 160.050 or 160.064
of this chapter and be international orange in color.
(2) Each water light must be approved under subpart 161.010 of this
chapter.

§ 169.545 Markings.
(a) Each personal flotation device
must be marked with the vessel’s
name.
(b) Where PFDs are stowed so that
they are not readily visible to persons
onboard, the containers in which they
are stowed must be marked ‘‘adult personal flotation devices’’ or ‘‘child personal flotation devices’’, as appropriate, and with the number contained
therein, in at least 1-inch letters and
figures.
(c) Each personal flotation device
carried on vessels certificated for exposed or partially protected waters
service must have a light approved
under subpart 161.012 of this chapter.
The light must be securely attached to
the front shoulder area of the personal
flotation device.
(d) Each personal flotation device
must have at least 200 sq. cm. (31 sq.
in.) of retroreflective material attached on its front side and at least 200

§ 169.551 Exposure suits.
(a) This section applies to each vessel
operating in exposed or partially protected waters service except those—
(1) Operating on routes between 32° N
and 32° S in the Atlantic Ocean.
(2) Operating on routes between 35° N
and 35° S latitude in all other waters.
(b) Each vessel to which this section
applies must have for each person on
board an exposure suit approved under
subpart 160.171 or a Type V exposure
PFD approved under subpart 160.053.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50468, Sept. 29, 1995]

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Coast Guard, DHS
§ 169.553

§ 169.559
lieu of any of the required number of
approved personal flotation devices and
must not be worn during drills and
emergencies.
(c) The approved buoyant work vests
must be stowed separately from personal flotation devices, and in locations where they will not be confused
with personal flotation devices.
(d) Each work vest is subject to examination by a marine inspector to determine its serviceability. If a work
vest is found not to be in a serviceable
condition, then it must be repaired or
removed from the vessel. If a work vest
is beyond repair, it must be destroyed
in the presence of the marine inspector.

Pyrotechnic distress signals.

(a) All pyrotechnic distress signals
must be of an approved type.
(b) Replacement must be made no
later than the first inspection for certification or reinspection after the date
of expiration.
(c) Except as otherwise provided in
this section, each vessel must carry the
following pyrotechnic distress signals:
(1) 6 hand red flare distress signals,
and 6 hand orange smoke distress signals; or,
(2) 12 hand held rocket propelled
parachute red flare distress signals.
(d) [Reserved]
(e) All pyrotechnic distress signals
must be carried near the helm or in a
location considered suitable by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(f) All pyrotechnic distress signals
must be stowed in a portable watertight container.
§ 169.555 Emergency
position
cating radio beacon (EPIRB).

FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT
§ 169.559

Fire pumps.

(a) Each sailing school vessel must be
equipped with fire pumps as required in
Table 169.559(a).

indi-

(a) Each vessel certificated for exposed waters must have an approved
Class A emergency position indicating
radiobeacon (EPIRB), and each vessel
certificated for partially protected
waters must have an approved Class C
emergency position indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB). The required EPIRB
must be—
(1) Operational;
(2) Stowed where it is readily accessible for testing and use; and
(3) Stowed in a manner so that it will
float free if the vessel sinks.
(b) Each vessel must have an additional Class B EPIRB for every twentyfive persons onboard, for use in the lifeboats and liferafts.

TABLE 169.559(a)—FIRE PUMPS

Length

Exposed
and partially
protected
water service

65 feet but less than 90 feet .....
90 feet but less than 120 feet ...
120 feet or greater ....................

0

21

11

32

11

be driven off a propulsion engine and may be used
as a bilge pump.
2 Must be driven by a source of power independent of the
propulsion engine and may be used as a bilge pump.
3 One pump may be driven off a propulsion unit and one
pump may be used as a bilge pump. Pumps must be located
in separate spaces.

(b) Fire pump capacity must be in accordance with the following:
Vessel length

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

11

1 May

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986; 51 FR
10632, Mar. 28, 1986]

Less than 90 ft .......................
90 feet but less than 120 ft ....
Greater than 120 ft .................

§ 169.556 Work vests.
(a) Buoyant work vests carried under
the permissive authority of this section must be approved under subpart
160.053 of this chapter.
(b) Approved buoyant work vests are
items of safety apparel and may be carried aboard vessels to be worn by persons when working near or over the
water under favorable working conditions. Work vests are not accepted in

Minimum capacity
m3/hr

5.5
(25 gpm).
11.0 m3/hr (50 gpm).
3
14.3 m /hr (66.6 gpm).

(c) Each fire pump must be fitted
with a pressure gage on the discharge
side of the pump.
(d) Each vessel must have a hand operated portable fire pump having a capacity of at least 1.1 m3/hr (5 gpm).
This pump must be equipped with suction and discharge hose suitable for use
in firefighting.

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§ 169.561

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(2) The paint and oil rooms and similar hazardous spaces; and
(3) The galley stove area, for vessels
greater than 90 feet in length and certificated for exposed or partially protected water service.
(b) Each fixed extinguishing system
must be of an approved carbon dioxide
or halogenated type and installed to
the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.

§ 169.561 Firemain.
(a) Each vessel required to be provided with a power-driven fire pump
must also be provided with a fire main,
hydrants, hoses and nozzles.
(b) Fire hydrants must be of sufficient number and located so that any
part of the vessel may be reached with
an effective stream of water from a single length of hose.
(c) All piping, valves, and fittings
must be in accordance with good marine practice and suitable for the purpose intended.

§ 169.565 Fixed carbon dioxide system.
(a) The number of pounds of carbon
dioxide required for each space protected must be equal to the gross volume of the space divided by the appropriate factor in Table 169.565(a).

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.563 Firehose.
(a) One length of firehose must be
provided for each fire hydrant required.
(b) Vessels less than 90 feet in length
must have commercial firehose or
equivalent of not over 11⁄2 inch diameter or garden hose of not less than 5⁄8
inch nominal inside diameter. If garden
hose is used, it must be of a good commercial grade constructed of an inner
rubber tube, plies of braided cotton reinforcement and an outer rubber cover,
or of equivalent material, and must be
fitted with a commercial garden hose
nozzle of good grade bronze or equivalent metal.
(c) Vessels of 90 feet or greater must
have lined commercial firehose that
conform to Underwriters’ Laboratories,
Inc. Standard 19 or Federal Specification ZZ-H-451. The firehose must be
fitted with a combination nozzle approved under § 162.027 of this chapter.
(d) Each length of firehose must be a
single piece 50 feet long.
(e) Firehose must be connected to the
hydrants at all times, except that, on
open decks where no protection is afforded to the hose, it may be temporarily removed from the hydrant in
heavy weather and stowed in an accessible nearby location.

TABLE 169.565(a)
Gross volume of compartment, cubic feet
Factor
Over—

Not over—

0 .......................................................
500 ...................................................
1,600 ................................................
4,500 ................................................

500
1,600
4,500
....................

(b) A separate supply of carbon dioxide is not required for each space protected. The total available supply must
be sufficient for the space requiring the
greatest amount.
(c) Controls. (1) Each control and
valve for the operation of the system
must be outside the spaces protected
and accessible at all times.
(2) Each branch line must be fitted
with an approved shutoff valve. Each
valve must be kept closed at all times
except to operate the particular system.
(3) The arrangements must be such
that the entire charge to any space can
be introduced into the space by the operation of one valve selecting the
space, and one control for releasing the
required amount of fire extinguishing
agent. The release control must be of
an approved type and located adjacent
to the branch line shutoff valve.
(4) Complete but simple instructions
for the operation of the system must be
located in a conspicuous place at or
near the releasing control device.
(5) Each control valve to branch lines
must be labeled to indicate the space
served.
(d) Piping. (1) The pipe and fittings
for the extinguishing systems must be

§ 169.564 Fixed extinguishing system,
general.
(a) Fixed carbon dioxide or halogenated extinguishing systems must be
installed to protect the following
spaces—
(1) The machinery and fuel tank
spaces of all vessels, except where machinery and fuel tank spaces are so
open to the atmosphere as to make the
use of a fixed system ineffective;

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20

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.567

in accordance with the system manufacturer’s approved design manual.
(2) Each pipe, valve, and fitting of
ferrous materials must be galvanized.
(3) Each dead-end line must extend at
least 2 inches beyond the last orifice
and must be closed with cap or plug.
(4) Each pipe, valve, and fitting must
be securely supported and, where necessary, protected against injury.
(5) Drains and dirt traps must be
fitted where necessary to prevent accumulation of dirt or moisture. Each
drain and dirt trap must be located in
accessible locations but not in accommodation spaces.
(e) Discharge outlets. (1) The area of
discharge outlets shall be as specified
in the manufacturer’s approved design
manual.
(2) The discharge of the required
amount of carbon dioxide must be complete within two minutes.
(f) Cylinders. (1) Each cylinder must
be securely fastened and supported, and
where necessary protected against injury. Cylinders must be located outside
the space protected.
(2) Each cylinder must be mounted in
an upright position or inclined not
more than 30° from the vertical, except
that cylinders which are fitted with
flexible or bent siphon tubes may be inclined not more than 80° from the
vertical.

(3) Each cylinder used for storing extinguishing agent must be approved
and marked in accordance with Department of Transportation regulations.
(4) Each cylinder must be mounted so
it is readily accessible and capable of
easy removal for recharging and inspection. Cylinders must be capable of
being weighed in place.
(5) Where subject to moisture, cylinders must be installed so that a space
of at least 2 inches is provided between
the flooring and the bottom of the cylinders.
(6) Each cylinder storage area must
be properly ventilated and the temperature inside must not exceed 130 °F.
(g) Provision must be made by means
of plugs, covers, dampers, etc., to prevent the admission of air into the space
protected.
(h) Systems must be fitted with a delayed discharge and an alarm bell arranged so the alarm sounds for at least
twenty seconds before the carbon dioxide is released into the space.
§ 169.567

Portable extinguishers.

(a) The minimum number of portable
fire extinguishers required on each vessel is determined by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, in accordance with Table 169.567(a) and other
provisions of this subpart.

TABLE 169.567(a)
Space protected
Living space and open
boats.

Propulsion machinery
space with fixed CO2 or
halon system.

Type extinguishers permitted

Total number extinguishers required

Medium

1 per 1000 cu. ft. of
space.

1 ......................................

Coast Guard
classification

Minimum size

Halon 1211 of 1301 ..........

21⁄2 pounds.

Foam .................................
Carbon dioxide .................
Dry chemical .....................
Foam .................................

11⁄4 gallons ................
4 pounds ....................
2 pounds.
11⁄4 gallons.

Dry chemical .....................
Halon 1211 or 1301 ..........
Foam .................................

2 pounds.
21⁄2 pounds.
21⁄2 gallons.

Dry chemical .....................
Halon 1211 or 1301 ..........
Foam .................................

10 pounds ..................
10 pounds ..................
21⁄2 gallons.

B-I.

Carbon dioxide.
4 pounds .........................
B-I..

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Propulsion machinery
space without fixed
CO2 or halon system.

2 ......................................

Carbon dioxide.
15 pounds .......................
B-II..

Galley (without fixed system).

1 per 500 cu. ft ................

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§ 169.569

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
TABLE 169.567(a)—Continued
Type extinguishers permitted

Total number extinguishers required

Space protected

Minimum size

Carbon dioxide .................
Dry chemical .....................
Halon 1211 or 1301 ..........

15 pounds ..................
10 pounds.
10 pounds ..................

(b) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may permit the use of any approved fire extinguishers, including
semiportable extinguishers, which provide equivalent fire protection.
(c) All portable fire extinguishers installed on vessels must be of an approved type.
(d) Portable fire extinguishers must
be stowed in a location convenient to
the space protected.
(e) Portable fire extinguishers must
be installed and located to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
(f) Portable fire extinguishers which
are required to be protected from freezing must not be located where freezing
temperatures may be expected.
(g) Each vessel must carry spare
charges for at least 50 percent of each
size and variety of hand portable extinguishers required. For units that can
not be readily recharged on the vessel,
one spare extinguisher for each classification carried onboard must be provided in lieu of spare charges.

Subpart 169.600—Machinery and
Electrical
§ 169.601

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
INSTALLATIONS

Fire axes.

§ 169.605

Length
Number of axes

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Not over
65
90
120
150
............................................

General.

(a) Generators, starting motors, and
other spark producing devices must be
mounted as high above the bilges as
practicable.
(b) Gages to indicate engine cooling
water temperature, exhaust cooling
water temperature and engine lubricating oil pressure must be provided
and located in plain view.
(c) All electrical components of the
engine must be protected in accordance
with § 183.410 of Title 33, Code of Federal Regulations to prevent ignition of
flammable vapors.

TABLE 169.569(a)

65
90
120
150

General.

(a) The regulations in this subpart
contain requirements for the design,
construction and installation of machinery on sailing school vessels.
(b) Machinery must be suitable in
type and design for the purpose intended. Installations of an unusual
type and those not addressed by this
subpart are subject to the applicable
regulations in Subchapter F (Marine
Engineering) and Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.
(c) The use of liquefied inflammable
gases, such as propane, methane, butane, etc., as fuel, except for cooking
purposes, is prohibited.

(a) Each vessel must carry at least
the number of fire axes set forth in
Table 169.569(a). The Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection may require additional fire axes necessary for the proper protection of the vessel.

Over

B-II.

(b) Fire axes must be stowed so as to
be readily available in the event of
emergency.
(c) If fire axes are not located in the
open or behind glass, they must be
placed in marked enclosures containing the fire hose.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 897, Jan. 9, 1986; 51 FR
3785, Jan. 30, 1986]

§ 169.569

Coast Guard
classification

Medium

0
1
2
3
4

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.613
spaces must meet the material specifications of part 56 of Title 46, Code of
Federal Regulations.
(b) Horizontal dry exhaust pipes are
permitted if they do not pass through
living or berthing spaces, terminate
above the deepest load waterline, are
arranged to prevent entry of cold water
from rough seas, and are constucted of
corrosion resistant material at the hull
penetration.
(c) When the exhaust cooling system
is separate from the engine cooling system, a suitable warning device must be
provided to indicate a failure of water
flow in the exhaust cooling system.

§ 169.607 Keel cooler installations.
(a) Except as provided in this section,
keel cooler installations must meet the
requirements of § 56.50–96 of this chapter.
(b) Approved metallic flexible connections may be located below the
deepest load waterline if the system is
a closed loop below the waterline and
its vent is located above the waterline.
(c) Fillet welds may be used in the
attachment of channels and half round
pipe sections to the bottom of the vessel.
(d) Short lengths of approved nonmetallic flexible hose may be used at
machinery connections fixed by hose
clamps provided that—
(1) The clamps are of a corrosion resistant material;
(2) The clamps do not depend on
spring tension for their holding power;
and
(3) Two clamps are used on each end
of the hose or one hose clamp is used
and the pipe ends are expanded or beaded to provide a positive stop against
hose slippage.

§ 169.611

§ 169.608 Non-integral keel cooler installations
(a) Hull penetrations for non-integral
keel cooler installations must be made
through a cofferdam or at a sea chest.
(b) Non-integral keel coolers must be
suitably protected against damage
from debris and grounding by recessing
the unit into the hull or by the placement of protective guards.
(c) Each non-integral keel cooler hull
penetration must be equipped with a
shutoff valve.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–2000–7790, 65 FR 58464, Sept. 29,
2000]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Carburetors.

(a) This section applies to all vessels
having gasoline engines.
(b) Each carburetor other than a
down-draft type, must be equipped with
integral or externally fitted drip collectors of adequate capacity and arranged so as to permit ready removal
of fuel leakage. Externally fitted drip
collectors must be covered with flame
screens.
(c) All gasoline engines must be
equipped with an acceptable means of
backfire flame control. Installations of
backfire flame arresters bearing basic
Approval Nos. 162.015 or 162.041 or engine air and fuel induction systems
bearing basic Approval Nos. 162.015 or
165.042 may be continued in use as long
as they are serviceable and in good
condition. New installations or replacements must meet the applicable requirements of part 58, subpart 58.10 (Internal Combustion Engine Installations) of this chapter.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35827, July 29, 1991]

§ 169.609 Exhaust systems.
Engine exhaust installations and associated cooling sytems must be built
in accordance with the requirements of
American Boat and Yacht Council, Inc.
Standard P–1, ‘‘Safe Installation of Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery’’ and the following
additional requirements:
(a) All exhaust installations with
pressures in excess of 15 pounds per
square inch gage or employing runs
passing through living or working

FUEL SYSTEMS
§ 169.613

Gasoline fuel systems.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) each gasoline fuel system must
meet the requirements of § 56.50–70 of
this chapter
(b) Each vessel of 65 feet and under
must meet the requirements of
§§ 182.15–25, 182.15–30, 182.15–35 and
182.15–40 of this chapter.

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§ 169.615
§ 169.615

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(c) The strength and reliability of
any component that is not provided in
duplicate must be suitable to the cognizant OCMI. Where redundant or
backup equipment or components are
provided to meet the requirements of
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section,
the following must be provided:
(1) A means to readily transfer from
the failed equipment or component to
the backup.
(2) Readily available tools or equipment necessary to make the transfer.
(3) Instructions for transfer procedures, posted at the main steering location.
(4) A means to steady the rudder
while making the transfer.

Diesel fuel systems.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) each diesel fuel system must meet
the requirements of § 56.50–75 of this
chapter.
(b) Each vessel of 65 feet and under
must meet the requirements of
§§ 182.20–22, 182.20–25, 182,20–30, 182.20–35
and 182.20–40 of this chapter.
STEERING SYSTEMS
§ 169.618

General.

(a) Each vessel must have an effective steering system.
(b) The steering system must be designed to withstand all anticipated
loading while under sail, including
shocks to the rudder. Additionally, the
steering system on vessels with an auxiliary means of propulsion must not be
susceptible to damage or jamming at
the vessel’s maximum astern speed.
(c) The main steering gear must be
capable of moving the rudder from
hard-over to hard-over at an average
rate of not less than 21⁄3° per second
with the vessel at design service speed
(ahead).
§ 169.619

§ 169.621

§ 169.622

Rudder angle indicators.

Each vessel must have a rudder angle
indicator at the main steering location
that meets the requirements of § 113.40–
10 of this chapter, except where a tiller
or direct mechanical linkage is the primary means of controlling the rudder.

Reliability.

(a) Except where the OCMI judges it
impracticable, the steering system
must—
(1) Provide continued or restored
steering capability in the event of a
failure or malfunction of any single
steering system component other than
the rudder or rudder stock;
(2) Be independent of other systems,
including auxiliary propulsion machinery; and
(3) Be operable in the event of localized fire or flooding.
(b) A main and independent auxiliary
steering gear must be provided, except
when—
(1) A small vessel uses a tiller or direct mechanical linkage as the primary
means of controlling the rudder; or
(2) Installation of an auxiliary steering gear is not possible.
pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Communications.

A reliable means of voice communications must be provided between the
main steering location and each alternate steering location.

§ 169.623 Power-driven
tems.

steering

(a) Power-driven steering systems
must have means to be brought into
operation from a dead ship condition,
without external aid. The system must
automatically resume operation after
an electric power outage.
(b) Control of power-driven steering
systems from the main steering control
location must include, as applicable—
(1) Control of any necessary ancillary
device (motor, pump, valve, etc.);
(2) A pilot light to indicate operation
of each power unit; and
(3) Visual and audible alarms to indicate loss of power to the control system or power units and overload of
electric motors.
(c) Overcurrent protection for steering system electric circuits must meet
§ 111.93–11 of this chapter, as applicable.

NOTE: A partial reduction of normal steering capability as a result of malfunction or
failure is acceptable. This reduction should
not be below that necessary for the safe
navigation of the vessel.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.640

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VENTILATION

would endanger the vessel if the openings were not temporarily closed. Supply and exhaust openings must not be
located where the natural flow of air is
unduly obstructed, or adjacent to possible sources of vapor ignition, and
must not be located where exhaust air
may be taken into the supply vents.

§ 169.625 Compartments
containing
diesel machinery.
(a) Spaces containing machinery
must be fitted with adequate dripproof
ventilators, trunks, louvers, etc., to
provide sufficient air for proper operation of the propulsion and auxiliary
engines.
(b) Air-cooled propulsion and auxiliary engines installed below deck must
be fitted with air intake ducts or piping from the weather deck. The ducts
or piping must be arranged and supported to safely sustain stresses induced by weight and engine vibration
and to minimize transfer of vibration
to the supporting structure. Prior to
installing ventilation for the engines,
plans or sketches showing the machinery arrangement including air intakes,
exhaust stack, method of attachment
of ventilation ducts to the engine, location of spark arresting mufflers and capacity of ventilation blowers must be
submitted to the OCMI for approval.
(c) Spaces containing machinery
must be fitted with at least two ducts
to furnish natural or mechanical supply and exhaust ventilation. One duct
must extend to a point near the bottom
of the compartment, and be installed
so that the ordinary collection of water
in the bilge will not trap the duct.
Where forced ventilation is installed,
the duct extending to the bottom of
the compartment must be the exhaust.
The total inlet area and the total outlet area of ventilation ducts must be
not less than one square inch for each
foot of beam of the vessel. These minimum areas must be increased when
such ducts are considered part of the
air supply to the engines.
(d) All ducts must be of rigid permanent
noncombustible
construction,
properly fastened, supported, and reasonably gastight from end to end.
(e) All supply ducts for ventilation
purposes must be provided with cowls
or scoops having a free area not less
than twice the required duct area.
When the cowls or scoops are screened,
the mouth area must be increased to
compensate for the area of the screen
wire. Dampers are prohibited in supply
ducts. Cowls or scoops must be kept
open at all times except when weather

§ 169.627 Compartments
diesel fuel tanks.

containing

Unless they are adequately ventilated, enclosed compartments or spaces
containing diesel fuel tanks and no machinery must be provided with a gooseneck vent of not less than 21⁄2 inches in
diameter. The vent opening must not
be located adjacent to possible sources
of vapor ignition.
§ 169.629 Compartments
containing
gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.
Spaces containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks must have natural
supply and mechanical exhaust ventilation meeting the requirements of
American Boat and Yacht Council
Standard H–2.5, ‘‘Design and Construction; Ventilation of Boats Using Gasoline.
§ 169.631 Separation of machinery and
fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces.
(a) Machinery and fuel tank spaces
must be separated from accommodation spaces by watertight or vapor
tight bulkheads of double diagonal
wood, marine plywood, steel plate, or
equivalent construction.
(b) On vessels less than 90 feet in
length, segregation may be by means of
a watertight or vapor tight engine box.
PIPING SYSTEMS
§ 169.640

General.

(a) Vital piping systems, as defined in
§ 169.642 of this subpart, must meet the
material and pressure design requirements of Subchapter F of this chapter.
(b) Except as provided in this paragraph, nonmetallic piping system materials must meet the applicable requirements of 46 CFR 56.60–25.
(1) Rigid nonmetallic materials are
acceptable for use in bilge, ballast, and
machinery-connected piping systems
on vessels less than 120 feet in length,

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§ 169.642

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
area not less than three times the area
of the bilge pipe.
(d) Each individual bilge suction line
must be led to a central control point
or manifold. Each line must be provided with a stop valve at the control
point or manifold and a check valve at
some accessible point in the bilge line,
or a stop-check valve located at the
control point or manifold.
(e) Each bilge pipe piercing the collision bulkhead must be fitted with a
screw-down valve located on the forward side of the collision bulkhead and
operable from above the weather deck.

provided that bilge and fire systems do
not use the same piping.
(2) Nonmetallic piping is prohibited
in fuel systems except where flexible
hose is permitted.
(3) Rigid nonmetallic materials may
be used in non-vital systems.
§ 169.642

Vital systems.

For the purpose of this part, the following are considered vital systems—
(a) A marine engineering system
identified by the OCMI as being crucial
to the survival of the vessel or to the
protection of the personnel on board;
and
(b) On vessels greater than 120 feet in
length—
(1) Bilge system;
(2) Ballast system;
(3) Fire protection system;
(4) Fuel oil system; and
(5) Steering and steering control system.

§ 169.654 Bilge pumps.
(a) Vessels of less than 65 feet in
length must have a portable hand bilge
pump having a maximum capacity of 5
gpm.
(b) In addition to the requirements of
paragraph (a) of this section, vessels of
26 feet but less than 40 feet in length
must have a fixed hand bilge pump or
fixed power bilge pump having a minimum capacity of 10 gpm. If a fixed
hand pump is installed, it must be operable from on deck.
(c) In addition to the requirements of
paragraph (a) of this section, vessels of
40 feet but less than 65 feet must have
a fixed power bilge pump having a minimum capacity of 25 gpm.
(d) Vessels of 65 feet in length but
less than 120 feet and under 100 gross
tons must have two fixed power bilge
pumps having a combined minimum
capacity of 50 gpm.
(e) Vessels of 120 feet or greater and
vessels of 100 gross tons and over must
have two fixed power pumps meeting
the capacity requirements of § 56.50–
55(c) of this chapter.
(f) Each power driven bilge must be
self priming.
(g) Each fixed bilge pump required by
this section must be permanently
connnected to the bilge main.
(h) Bilge pumps may also be connected to the firemain provided that
the bilge system and firemain system
may be operated simultaneously.

BILGE SYSTEMS
§ 169.650

General.

All vessels must be provided with a
satisfactory arrangement for draining
any compartment, other than small
buoyancy compartments, under all
practical conditions. Sluice valves are
not permitted in watertight bulkheads
except as specified in § 169.652(a).

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.652

Bilge piping.

(a) All vessels of 26 feet in length and
over must be provided with individual
bilge lines and suction for each compartment except that the space forward
of the collision bulkhead may be serviced by a sluice valve or portable bilge
pump if the arrangement of the vessel
is such that ordinary leakage can be
removed this way.
(b) The bilge pipe on vessels 65 feet in
length and under must be not less than
one inch nominal pipe size. On vessels
greater than 65 but less than 120 feet in
length the bilge pipe must be not less
than one and one-half inches. Piping on
vessels of 120 feet or greater or of 100
gross tons or greater must meet the requirements contained in § 56.50–50 of
this chapter.
(c) Each bilge suction must be fitted
with a suitable strainer having an open

ELECTRICAL
§ 169.662 Hazardous locations.
Electrical equipment must not be installed in lockers that are used to store

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.668
(b) Each switchboard must be—
(1) Totally enclosed; and
(2) Of the dead front type.
(c) Each ungrounded conductor of a
circuit must have at the point of attachment to the power source either—
(1) A Circuit breaker; or
(2) A switch and fuse.
(d) Each switch other than one
mounted on a switchboard must be of
the enclosed type.

paint, oil, turpentine, or other flammable liquids unless the equipment is
explosion-proof or intrinsically safe in
accordance with § 111.105–9 or § 111.105–
11 of this chapter.
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OPERATING
AT POTENTIALS OF LESS THAN 50
VOLTS ON VESSELS OF LESS THAN 100
GROSS TONS
§ 169.664 Applicability.
The requirements in this subpart
apply to electrical installations operating at potentials of less than 50 volts
on vessels of less than 100 gross tons.

§ 169.668

§ 169.665 Name plates.
Each generator, motor and other
major item f power equipment must be
provided with a name plate indicating
the manufacturer’s name, its rating in
volts and amperes or in volts and watts
and, when intended for connection to a
normally grounded supply, the grounding polarity.
§ 169.666 Generators and motors.
(a) Each vessel of more than 65 feet
in length having only electrically driven fire and bilge pumps must have two
generators. One of these generators
must be driven by a means independent
of the auxiliary propulsion plant. A
generator that is not independent of
the auxiliary propulsion plant must
meet the requirements of § 111.10–4(c) of
this chapter.
(b) Each generator and motor must
be in a location that is accessible, adequately ventilated, and as dry as practicable.
(c) Each generator and motor must
be mounted as high as practicable
above the bilges to avoid damage by
splash and to avoid contact with low
lying vapors.
(d) Each generator must be protected
from overcurrent by a circuit breaker,
fuse or an overcurrent relay.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Batteries.

(a) Each battery must be in a location that allows the gas generated in
charging to be easily dissipated by natural or induced ventilation.
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, a battery must not
be located in the same compartment
with a gasoline tank or gasoline engine.
(c) If compliance with paragraph (b)
of this section is not practicable, the
battery must be effectively screened by
a cage or similar structure to minimize
the danger of accidental spark through
dropping a metal object across the terminals.
(d) Each battery must be located as
high above the bilges as practicable
and secured against shifting with motion of the vessel. Each battery and
battery connection must be accessible
so as to permit removal.
(e) All connections must be made to
battery terminals with permanent type
connectors. Spring clips or other temporary type clamps may not be used.
(f) Each battery must be located in a
tray of lead or other suitable material
resistant to deteriorating action by the
electrolyte.
(g) Each battery charger intended for
connection to a commercial supply
voltage must employ a transformer of
the isolating type. An ammeter that is
readily visible must be included in the
battery charger circuit.
(h) A voltage dropping resistor, provided for charging a battery, must be
mounted in a ventilated noncombustible enclosure that prevents hazardous
temperatures at adjacent combustible
materials.
(i) The main supply conductor from
the battery must have an emergency
switch, located as close as practicable

§ 169.667 Switchboards.
(a) Each switchboard must be in as
dry a location as praticable, accessible,
protected from inadvertent entry, and
adequately ventilated. All uninsulated
current carrying parts must be mounted on nonabsorbent, noncombustible,
high dielectric insulating material.

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§ 169.669

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(d) Unless a splice is made by an insulated pressure wire connector, it
must be thoroughly soldered and taped
with electrical insulating tape or the
soldered joint must be otherwise protected to provide insulation equivalent
to that of the conductors joined.
(e) Where ends of stranded conductors are to be clamped under terminal
screws, they must be formed and soldered unless fitted with pressure terminal connectors.
(f) Conductors must be protected
from overcurrent in accordance with
their current-carrying capacities.
(g) Conductors supplying motors and
motor operated appliances must be protected by a separate overcurrent device
that is responsive to motor current.
This device must be rated or set at not
more than 125 percent of the motor
full-load current rating.
(h) On metallic vessels the enclosures
and frames of all major electrical
equipment
must
be
permanently
grounded to the metal hull of the vessel by the mounting bolts or other
means. Cable armor must not be used
as the normal grounding means.
(i) On nonmetallic vessels, the enclosures and frames of major electrical
equipment must be bonded together to
a common ground by a normally noncurrent carrying conductor.
(j) For grounded systems the negative polarity of the supply source must
be grounded to the metal hull or, for
nonmetallic vessels, connected to the
common ground.
(k) On a nonmetallic vessel, where a
ground plate is provided for radio
equipment it must be connected to the
common ground.
(l) For grounded systems, hull return
must not be used except for engine
starting purposes.

to the battery, that opens all
ungrounded conductors.
(j) If a storage battery is not in the
same compartment and adjacent to the
panel or box that distributes power to
the various lighting, motor and appliance branch circuits, the storage battery lead must be fused at the battery.
§ 169.669 Radiotelephone equipment.
A separate circuit from the switchboard must be provided for each radiotelephone installation.
§ 169.670 Circuit breakers.
Each circuit breaker must be of the
manually reset type designed for—
(a) Inverse time delay;
(b) Instantaneous short circuit protection; and
(c) Repeated opening of the circuit
without damage to the circuit breaker.
§ 169.671 Accessories.
Each light, receptacle and switch exposed to the weather must be watertight and must be constructed of corrosion-resistant material.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.672 Wiring for power and lighting circuits.
(a) Wiring for power and lighting circuits must have copper conductors, of
14 AWG or larger, and—
(1) Meet Article 310–8 and Table 310–
13 of the National Electrical Code;
(2) Be listed as ‘‘50 volt boat cable’’;
or
(3) Meet subpart 111.60 of this chapter.
(b) Wiring for power and lighting circuits on new vessels must have stranded conductors.
(c) Conductors must be sized so
that—
(1) They are adequate for the loads
carried; and
(2) The voltage drop at the load terminals is not more than 10 percent.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OPERATING
AT POTENTIALS OF 50 VOLTS OR MORE
ON VESSELS OF LESS THAN 100 GROSS
TONS

§ 169.673 Installation of wiring for
power and lighting circuits.
(a) Wiring must be run as high as
practicable above the bilges.
(b) Wiring, where subject to mechanical damage, must be protected.
(c) A wiring joint or splice must be
mechanically secure and made in a
junction box or enclosure.

§ 169.674

Applicability.

The requirements in this subpart
apply to electrical installations operating at potentials of 50 volts or more,
on vessels of less than 100 gross tons.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.678
temperature in the machinery space
will not exceed 40 degrees C. under normal operating conditions.
(h) A generator or motor designed for
40 degrees C. may be used in a 50 degrees C. ambient location provided it is
derated to 80 percent of full load rating, and the rating or setting of the
overcurrent device is reduced accordingly. A nameplate specifying the derated capacity must be provided for
each motor and generator.
(i) A voltmeter and an ammeter must
be provided that can be used for measuring voltage and current of each generator that is in operation. For each alternating-current generator a means
for measuring frequency must also be
provided. Additional control equipment
and measuring instruments must be
provided, if needed, to ensure satisfactory operation of each generator.

§ 169.675 Generators and motors.
(a) Each generator and motor must
be fitted with a nameplate of corrosion-resistant material marked with
the following information as applicable:
(1) Name of manufacturer.
(2) Manufacturer’s type and frame
designation.
(3) Output in kilowatts or horsepower
rating.
(4) Kind of rating (continuous, intermittent, etc.).
(5) Revolutions per minute at rated
load.
(6) Amperes at rated load.
(7) Voltage.
(8) Frequency if applicable.
(9) Number of phases, if applicable.
(10) Type of winding (for direct-current motors).
(b) Each vessel of more than 65 feet
in length having only electrically driven fire and bilge pumps must have two
generators. One of these generators
must be driven by a means independent
of the auxiliary propulsion plant. A
generator that is not independent of
the auxiliary propulsion plant must
meet the requirements of § 111.10–4(c) of
this chapter.
(c) Each generator and motor must
be in a location that is accessible, adequately ventilated, and as dry as practicable.
(d) Each generator and motor must
be mounted as high as practicable
above the bilges to avoid damage by
splash and to avoid contact with low
lying vapors.
(e) Each motor for use in a location
exposed to the weather must be of the
watertight or waterproof type or must
be enclosed in a watertight housing.
The motor enclosure or housing must
be provided with a check valve for
drainage or a tapped hole at the lowest
part of the frame for attaching a drain
pipe or drain plug.
(f) Except as provided in paragraphs
(g) and (h) of this section, each generator and motor for use in a machinery
space must be designed for an ambient
temperature of 50 degrees C. (122 degrees F.).
(g) A generator or motor may be designed for an ambient temperature of
40 degrees C. (104 degrees F.) if the vessel is designed so that the ambient

§ 169.676

Grounded electrical systems.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, each electrical system must meet subpart 111.05 of this
chapter.
(b) Ground detection is not required.
§ 169.677 Equipment
enclosure.

protection

(a) Except as provided in this section,
all electrical equipment including motors, generators, controllers, distribution panels, consoles, etc., must be at
least dripproof and protected.
(b) Equipment mounted on a hinged
door of an enclosure must be constructed or shielded so that no live
parts of the door mounted equipment
will be exposed to accidental contact
by a person with the door open and the
circuit energized.
(c) Any cabinet, panel, or box containing more than one source of potential in excess of 50 volts must be fitted
with a sign warning personnel of this
condition and identifying the circuits
to be disconnected to remove all the
potentials in excess of 50 volts.
(d) Each distribution panelboard
must be enclosed.
§ 169.678 Main distribution panels and
switchboards.
(a) A distribution panel to which the
generator leads are connected, and

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§ 169.679

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

from which the electric leads throughout the vessel directly or indirectly receive their electric power is a switchboard.
(b) Each switchboard must have a
driphood or an equivalent means of
protecting against falling liquid.
(c) Nonconductive deck materials,
mats, or gratings must be provided in
front of each switchboard.
(d) If the switchboard is accessible
from the rear, nonconductive deck material, mats, or gratings must be provided in the rear of the switchboard.
(e) Metal cases of instruments and
secondary windings of instrument
transformers must be grounded.
(f) Each switchboard must be placed
in a location that is accessible, adequately ventilated, and as dry as practicable. All uninsulated current carrying parts must be mounted on nonabsorbent, noncombustible, high dielectric insulating material.
(g) Each switchboard must be of the
dead front type.
(h) Each switchboard must have front
and, if accessible from the back, rear
non-conducting hand rails except on
vessels where the surrounding bulkheads and decks are of an insulating
material such as fiberglass or wood.

(c) Each cable entering a box or fitting must be protected from abrasion,
and must meet the following requirements:
(1) Each opening through which conductors enter must be adequately
closed.
(2) Cable armor must be secured to
the box or fitting.
(3) In damp or wet locations, each
cable entrance must be watertight.
(d) The enclosures of all equipment
must be permanently grounded to the
metal hull of the vessel by the mounting bolts or other means. Cable armor
must not be used as the normal
grounding means.
(e) On a nonmetallic vessel, the enclosures must be bonded to a common
ground by a normal noncurrent carrying conductor.
(f) On a nonmetallic vessel, where a
ground plate is provided for radio
equipment it must be connected to the
common ground.
(g) Except as provided in paragraph
(i) of this section, each armored cable
must have a metallic covering that is—
(1) Electrically and mechanically
continuous; and
(2) Grounded at each end of the run
to—
(i) The metal hull; or
(ii) The common ground required by
paragraph (e) of this section on nonmetallic vessels.
(h) In lieu of being grounded at each
end of the run as required by paragraph
(g) of this section, final sub-circuits
may be grounded at the supply end
only.
(i) All equipment, including switches,
fuses, lampholders, etc., must be of a
type designed for the proper potential
and be so identified.
(j) Except as provided in paragraph
(l) of this section, each junction box,
connection box, and outlet box, must
have an internal depth of at least 11⁄2
inches.
(k) For a box incorporated in a fixture having a volume of not less than
20 cubic inches, the depth may be decreased to not less than 1 inch.
(l) Each conductor, except a fixture
wire within a box, must have a free
space computed using the volume per
conductor given in Table 169.680(l). If a
fitting or device such as a cable clamp,

§ 169.679 Wiring for power and lighting circuits.
Wiring for each power and lighting
circuit must meet subpart 111.60 of this
chapter.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.680 Installation of wiring
power and lighting circuits.

for

(a) Wiring must be run as high as
practicable above the bilges.
(b) Each cable installed where particularly susceptible to damage such as
locations in way of doors, hatches, etc,
must be protected by removable metal
coverings, angle irons, pipe, or other
equivalent means. All metallic coverings must be electrically continuous
and grounded to the metal hull or common ground, and all coverings such as
pipe that may trap moisture must be
provided with holes for drainage.
Where cable protection is carried
through a watertight deck or bulkhead,
the installation must maintain the watertight integrity of the structure.

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§ 169.683
circuit supplies, means must be provided for locking the disconnect device
in the ‘‘open’’ position.
(c) For circuits protected by fuses,
the disconnect switch required for
fuses in § 169.683(b) of this chapter is
adequate for disconnecting the circuit
from the supply.
(d) The disconnect means may be in
the same enclosure with motor controllers.
(e) Disconnect means must be provided to open all conductors of generator and shore power cables.

hickey, switch or receptacle is contained in the box, each fitting or device
must count as one conductor.
TABLE 169.680(l)
Size of conductor A.W.G.

Free space for each conductor in box, cubic inches

14 ...............................................
12 ...............................................
8 .................................................
1 .................................................

2.0
2.25
2.50
3.0

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

(m) Each junction box, connection
box, and outlet box for use in a damp
or wet location must be of watertight
construction.
(n) Each lighting fixture must be
constructed in accordance with the requirements of Subchapter J of this
chapter.
(o) A separate circuit from the
switchboard must be provided for each
radiotelephone installation.
(p) Knife switches must be so placed
or designed that gravity or vibration
will not tend to close them. Knife
switches, unless of the double throw
type, must be connected so that the
blades are dead when the switch is in
the open position.
(q) Circuits must be connected to the
fuse end of switches and to the coil end
of circuit breakers, except that generator leads or incoming feeders may be
connected to either end of circuit
breakers.
(r) Receptacle outlets and attachment plugs for the attachment of portable lamps, tools, and similar apparatus supplied as ship’s equipment and
operating at 100 volts or more, must
provide a grounding pole and a grounding conductor in the portable cord to
ground the non-current carrying metal
parts of the apparatus.
(s) Receptacle outlets of the type providing a grounded pole must be of a
configuration that will not permit the
dead metal parts of portable apparatus
to be connected to a live conductor.

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986; 51 FR
10632, Mar. 28, 1986]

§ 169.682 Distribution
loads.

and

(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, the connected load
on a lighting branch circuit must not
exceed 80 percent of the rating of the
overcurrent protective device, computed using the greater of—
(1) The lamp sizes to be installed; or
(2) 50 watts per outlet.
(b) Circuits supplying electrical discharge lamps must be computed using
the ballast input current.
(c) The branch circuit cables for
motor and lighting loads must be no
smaller than No. 14 AWG.
§ 169.683
eral.

Overcurrent protection, gen-

(a) Overcurrent protection must be
provided for each ungrounded conductor for the purpose of opening the
electric circuit if the current reaches a
value that causes an excessive or dangerous temperature in the conductor or
conductor insulation.
(b) Disconnect means must be provided on the supply side of and adjacent to all fuses for the purpose of deenergizing the fuses for inspection and
maintenance purposes. All disconnect
means must open all ungrounded conductors of the circuit simultaneously.
(c) Each conductor, including a generator lead and shore power cable,
must be protected in accordance with
its current-carrying capacity.
(d) If the allowable current-carrying
capacity of a conductor does not correspond to a standard size fuse, the
next larger size or rating may be used

§ 169.681 Disconnect switches and devices.
(a) Externally operable switches or
circuit breakers must be provided for
motor and controller circuits and must
open all ungrounded conductors of the
circuit.
(b) If the disconnect means is not
within sight of the equipment that the

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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but not exceeding 150 percent of the allowable current-carrying capacity of
the conductor.
(e) Plug (screw in type) fuses and
fuseholders must not be used in circuits exceeding 125 volts between conductors. The screw shell of plug type
fuseholders must be connected to the
load of the circuit. Edison base fuses
may not be used.
(f) If the allowable current-carrying
capacity of the conductor does not correspond to a standard rating of circuit
breakers, the next larger rating not exceeding 150 percent of the allowable
current-carrying capacity of the conductor may be used.
(g) Lighting branch circuits must be
protected against overcurrent either by
fuses or circuit breakers rated at not
more than 20 amperes.
(h) Each circuit breaker must be of
the manually reset type designed for—
(1) Inverse time delay;
(2) Instantaneous short circuit protection; and
(3) Repeated opening of the circuit in
which it is to be used without damage
to the circuit breaker.
(i) Circuit breakers must indicate
whether they are in the open or closed
position.
(j) Devices such as instruments, pilot
lights, ground detector lights, potential transformers, etc. must be supplied
by circuits protected by overcurrent
devices.
(k) Each generator must be protected
with an overcurrent device set at a
value not exceeding 15 percent above
the full-load rating for continuous
rated machines or the overload rating
for special rated machines.

(c) The motor branch circuit overcurrent device must be capable of carrying
the starting current of the motor.
(d) Each manually started continous
duty motor, rated at one horsepower or
less, that is within sight from the
starter location, is considered as protected against overcurrent by the overcurrent device protecting the conductors of the branch circuit.
§ 169.685 Electric heating and cooking
equipment.
(a) Each electric space heater for
heating rooms and compartments must
be provided with thermal cutouts to
prevent overheating. Each heater must
be so constructed and installed as to
prevent the hanging of towels, clothing, etc., on the heater, and to prevent
overheating of heater parts and adjacent bulkheads or decks.
(b) All electric cooking equipment,
attachments, and devices, must be of
rugged construction and so designed as
to permit complete cleaning, maintenance, and repair.
(c) Doors for electric cooking equipment must be provided with heavy
duty hinges and locking devices to prevent accidental opening in heavy seas.
(d) Electric cooking equipment must
be mounted to prevent dislodgment in
heavy seas.
(e) For each grill or similar type
cooking equipment, means must be
provided to collect grease or fat and to
prevent spillage on wiring or the deck.
(f) Where necessary for safety of personnel, grab rails must be provided.
Each electric range must be provided
with sea rails with suitable barriers to
resist accidental movement of cooking
pots.

§ 169.684 Overcurrent protection for
motors and motor branch circuits.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, each motor must be
provided with running protection
against overcurrent. A protective device integral with the motor that is responsive to motor current or to both
motor current and temperature may be
used.
(b) The motor branch circuit conductors, the motor control apparatus, and
the motors must be protected against
overcurrent due to short circuits or
grounds with overcurrent devices.

§ 169.686

Shore power.

If a shore power connection is provided it must meet the following requirements:
(a) A shore power connection box or
receptacle and a cable connecting this
box or receptacle to the main distribution panel must be permanently installed in an accessible location.
(b) The shore power cable must be
provided with a disconnect means located on or near the main distribution
panel.

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§ 169.703

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS ON VESSELS
OF 100 GROSS TONS AND OVER

§ 169.691

§ 169.687 General.
Except as provided in this subpart,
electrical installations on vessels of 100
gross tons and over must meet the requirements of parts 110–113 of this
chapter.

§ 169.692

Remote stop stations.

In lieu of the remote stopping systems required by subpart 111.103 of this
chapter, remote stop stations must be
provided as follows:
(a) A propulsion shutdown in the pilothouse for each propulsion unit,
(b) A bilge slop or dirty oil discharge
shutdown at the deck discharge,
(c) A ventilation shutdown located
outside the space ventilated, and
(d) A shutdown from outside the
engineroom for the fuel transfer pump,
fuel oil service pump, or any other fuel
oil pump.

§ 169.688 Power supply.
(a) The requirements of this section
apply in lieu of subpart 111.10 of this
chapter.
(b) If a generator is used to provide
electric power for any vital system
listed in § 169.642 of this subchapter, at
least two generating sets must be provided. At least one required generating
set must be independent of the auxiliary propulsion machinery. A generator that is not independent of the auxiliary propulsion plant must meet the
requirements of § 111.10–4(c) of this
chapter. With any one generating set
stopped, the remaining set(s) must provide the power necessary for each of
the following:
(1) Normal at sea load plus starting
of the largest vital system load that
can be started automatically or started
from a space remote from the main distribution panel (switchboard).
(2) All vital systems simultaneously
with nonvital loads secured.
(c) The adequacy of ship service generators must be demonstrated to the
satisfaction of the OCMI during the initial inspection required by § 169.221 of
this subchapter.

§ 169.693 Engine order telegraph systems.
An engine order telegraph system is
not required.

Subpart 169.700—Vessel Control,
Miscellaneous Systems, and
Equipment
§ 169.703

Cooking and heating.

(a) Cooking and heating equipment
must be suitable for marine use. Cooking installations must meet the requirements of ABYC Standard A–3,
‘‘Recommended Practices and Standards Covering Galley Stoves.’’
(b) The use of gasoline for cooking,
heating or lighting is prohibited on all
vessels.
(c) The use of liquefied petroleum gas
(LPG) or compressed natural gas (CNG)
is authorized for cooking purposes
only.
(1) The design, installation and testing of each LPG system must meet either ABYC A–1 or Chapter 6 of NFPA
302.
(2) The design, installation, and testing of each CNG system must meet either Chapter 6 of NFPA 302 or ABYC A–
22.
(3) The stowage of each cylinder must
comply with the requirements for the
stowage of cylinders of liquefied or
non-liquefied gases used for heating,

§ 169.689 Demand loads.
Demand loads must meet § 111.60–7 of
this chapter except that smaller demand loads for motor feeders are acceptable if the cable is protected at or
below its current-carrying capacity.

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Navigation lights.

Navigation light systems must meet
the requirements of § 111.75–17 of this
chapter except the requirements of
§ 111.75–17 (a) and (c).

§ 169.690 Lighting branch circuits.
Each lighting branch circuit must
meet the requirements of § 111.75–5 of
this chapter, except that—
(a) Appliance loads, electric heater
loads, and isolated small motor loads
may be connected to a lighting distribution panelboard; and
(b) Branch circuits in excess of 30 amperes may be supplied from a lighting
distribution panelboard.

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§ 169.705

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
emergency compass in addition to the
one required in paragraph (a).

cooking, or lighting in part 147 of this
chapter.
(4) If the fuel supply line enters an
enclosed space on the vessel, a remote
shutoff valve must be installed which
can be operated from a position adjacent to the appliance. The valve must
be a type that will fail closed, and it
must be located between the regulator
and the point where the fuel supply enters the enclosed portion of the vessel.
(5) If Chapter 6 of NFPA 302 is used as
the standard, then the following additional requirements must also be met:
(i) LPG or CNG must be odorized in
accordance with ABYC A–1.5.d or A–
22.5.b, respectively.
(ii) Ovens must be equipped with a
flame failure switch in accordance with
ABYC A–1.10.b for LPG or A–22.10.b for
CNG.
(iii) The marking and mounting of
LPG cylinders must be in accordance
with ABYC–1.6.b.
(iv) LPG cylinders must be of the
vapor withdrawal type as specified in
ABYC A–1.5.b.
(6) If ABYC A–1 or A–22 is used as the
standard for an LPG on CNG installation, then pilot lights or glow plugs are
prohibited.
(7) If ABYC A–22 is used as the standard for a CNG installation, then the
following
additional
requirements
must also be met:
(i) The CNG cylinders, regulating
equipment, and safety equipment must
meet the installation, stowage, and
testing requirements of paragraphs 6–
5.11.1, 2, 3; 6–5.11.5; and 6–5.11.8 of NFPA
302.
(ii) The use or stowage of stoves with
attached cylinders is prohibited as
specified in paragraph 6–5.1 of NFPA
302.

§ 169.711

§ 169.713 Engineroom
system.

communication

An efficient communication system
must be provided between the principal
steering station and the engineroom on
vessels which are not equipped with pilothouse controls if, in the opinion of
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, this is necessary for proper operation of the vessel.

§ 169.705 Mooring equipment.
Each vessel must be fitted with
ground tackle and hawsers deemed necessary by the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, depending upon the size of
the vessel and the waters on which it
operates.

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Emergency lighting.

(a) Each vessel must be equipped
with a suitable number of portable battery lights.
(b) Each vessel of 100 gross tons and
over must satisfy the emergency lighting requirements for a miscellaneous
self-propelled vessel as contained in
part 112 of this chapter.
(c) Each vessel of less than 100 gross
tons that has accommodation spaces
located below the main deck must have
permanently installed lighting which is
connected to a single emergency power
source or permanently installed, relaycontrolled, battery-operated lanterns.
The lighting or lanterns must be fitted
along the avenues of escape, in the
wheelhouse, and in the engine compartment.
(1) A single emergency power source,
if provided, must be independent of the
normal power source and must be either a generator or a storage battery.
(d) The emergency power source and
batteries for individual, battery-operated, lanterns must have the capacity
to supply all connected loads simultaneously for at least 6 hours of continuous operations. If the emergency
lighting is provided by battery power,
then an automatic battery charger
that maintains the battery(s) in a fully
charged condition must be provided.
(e) The emergency lighting system
must be capable of being fully activated from a single location.

§ 169.715

§ 169.709 Compass.
(a) Each vessel must be fitted with a
magnetic steering compass.
(b) Each vessel certificated for exposed water service must have an

Radio.

(a)
Radiotelegraph
and
radiotelephone installations are required on
certain vessels. Details of these requirements and the details of the installations are contained in regulations

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§ 169.730
achieve the necessary length. No individual length of lifeline may be less
than 50 feet in length. The assembled
lifeline must have a minimum breaking strength of 1,500 pounds.
(d) A complete recharge must be carried out for each self-contained breathing apparatus and a complete set of
spare batteries and bulb must be carried for each flashlight. The spares
must be stowed in the same location as
the equipment it is to reactivate.
(e) Protective clothing must be constructed of material that will protect
the skin from the heat of fire and burns
from scalding steam. The outer surface
must be water resistant.

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of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in Title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, part 83.
(b) A valid certificate issued by the
FCC is evidence that the radio installation is in compliance with the requirements of that agency.
§ 169.717 Fireman’s outfit.
(a) Each vessel greater than 120 feet
but less than 150 feet in length must
carry one fireman’s outfit consisting
of—
(1) One pressure-demand, open-circuit, self-contained breathing apparatus, approved by the Mine Safety and
Health Administration (MSHA) and by
the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) and having
at a minimum a 30-minute air supply
and a full facepiece; but a self-contained compressed-air breathing apparatus previously approved by MSHA
and NIOSH under part 160, subpart
160.011, of this chapter may continue in
use as required equipment if it was
part of the vessel’s equipment on November 23, 1992, and as long as it is
maintained in good condition to the
satisfaction of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection;
(2) One lifeline with a belt or a suitable harness;
(3) One approved flame safety lamp;
(4) One flashlight listed by an independent testing laboratory as suitable
for use in hazardous locations;
(5) One fire ax;
(6) Boots and gloves of rubber or
other electrically nonconducting material;
(7) A rigid helmet that provides effective protection against impact; and
(8) Protective clothing.
(b) Each vessel 150 feet or greater
must carry two fireman’s outfits. The
outfits must be stowed in widely separated accessible locations.
(c) Lifelines must be of steel or
bronze wire rope. Steel wire rope must
be either inherently corrosion resistant
or made so by galvanizing or thinning.
Each end must be fitted with a hook
with keeper having a throat opening
which can be readily slipped over a 5⁄8inch bolt. The total length of the lifeline is dependent upon the size and arrangement of the vessel, and more than
one line may be hooked together to

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48326, Oct. 23, 1992]

§ 169.721 Storm sails and halyards (exposed and partially protected
waters only).
(a) Unless clearly unsuitable, each
vessel must have one storm trysail of
appropriate size. It must be sheeted
independently of the boom and must
have neither headboard nor battens.
(b) Each vessel having headsails must
also have one storm head sail of appropriate size and strength.
(c) Each vessel must have at least
two halyards, each capable of hoisting
a sail.
§ 169.723 Safety belts.
Each vessel must carry a harness
type safety belt conforming to Offshore
Racing Council (ORC) standards for
each person on watch or required to
work the vessel in heavy weather.
§ 169.725 First aid kit.
Each vessel must carry an approved
first aid kit, constructed and fitted in
accordance with subpart 160.041 of this
chapter.
§ 169.726 Radar reflector.
Each nonmetallic vessel less than 90
feet in length must exhibit a radar reflector of suitable size and design while
underway.
MARKINGS
§ 169.730 General alarm bell switch.
On vessels of 100 gross tons and over
there must be a general alarm bell

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§ 169.731

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

switch in the pilothouse, clearly and
permanently identified by lettering on
a metal plate or with a sign in red letters on a suitable background: ‘‘GENERAL ALARM’’
§ 169.731

§ 169.737 Hand portable fire extinguishers.
Each hand portable fire extinguisher
must be marked with a number, and
the location where it is stowed must be
marked with a corresponding number.
The marks must be at least 1⁄2 inch
high. Where only one type and size of
hand portable fire extinguisher is carried, the numbering may be omitted.

General alarm bells.

On vessels of 100 gross tons and over
each general alarm bell must be identified by red lettering at least 1⁄2 inch
high:
‘‘GENERAL
ALARM—WHEN
BELL RINGS GO TO YOUR STATION.’’
§ 169.732

§ 169.738 Emergency lights.
Each emergency light must be
marked with a letter ‘‘E’’ at least 1⁄2
inch high.

Carbon dioxide alarm.

Each carbon dioxide alarm must be
conspicuously
identified:
‘‘WHEN
ALARM SOUNDS—VACATE AT ONCE.
CARBON
DIOXIDE
BEING
RELEASED.’’
§ 169.733 Fire
lines.

extinguishing

§ 169.739 Lifeboats.
(a) The name and port of the vessel
marked on its stern as required by
§ 67.15 of this chapter must be plainly
marked or painted on each side of the
bow of each lifeboat in letters not less
than 3 inches high.
(b) Each lifeboat must have its number plainly marked or painted on each
side of the bow in figures not less than
3 inches high. The lifeboats on each
side of the vessel must be numbered
from forward aft, with the odd numbers
on the starboard side.
(c) The cubical contents and number
of persons allowed to be carried in each
lifeboat must be plainly marked or
painted on each side of the bow of the
lifeboat in letters and numbers not less
than 11⁄2 inches high. In addition, the
number of persons allowed must be
plainly marked or painted on top of at
least 2 thwarts in letters and numbers
not less than 3 inches high.
(d) Each oar must be conspicuously
marked with the vessel’s name.
(e) Where mechanical disengaging apparatus is used, the control effecting
the release of the lifeboat must be
painted bright red and must have
thereon in raised letters either the
words—‘‘DANGER-LEVER
DROPS
BOAT’’, or the words—‘‘DANGERLEVER RELEASES HOOKS’’.
(f) The top of thwarts, side benches
and footings of lifeboats must be painted or otherwise colored international
orange. The area in way of the red mechanical disengaging gear control
lever, from the keel to the side bench,
must be painted or otherwise colored
white, to provide a contrasting background for the lever. This band of

branch

Each branch line valve of every fire
extinguishing system must be plainly
and permanently marked indicating
the spaces served.
§ 169.734 Fire
controls.

extinguishing

system

Each control cabinet or space containing valves or manifolds for the various fire extinguishing systems must
be distinctly marked in conspicuous
red letters at least 2 inches high:
‘‘CARBON DIOXIDE FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM,’’ or ‘‘HALON
FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM,’’ as
appropriate.
§ 169.735

Fire hose stations.

Each fire hydrant must be identified
in red letters and figures at least two
inches high ‘‘FIRE STATION NO. 1,’’
‘‘2,’’ ‘‘3,’’ etc. Where the hose is not
stowed in the open or readily seen behind glass, this identification must be
placed so as to be readily seen from a
distance.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.736 Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Each locker or space containing selfcontained breathing apparatus must be
marked ‘‘SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS.’’

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.755

white should be approximately 12
inches wide depending on the internal
arrangements of the lifeboat.
§ 169.740

ters indicating purpose of the valves
and direction of operation.
§ 169.747 Watertight doors and hatches.
Each watertight door and watertight
hatch must be marked on both sides in
at least 1-inch letters: ‘‘WATERTIGHT
DOOR—CLOSE IN EMERGENCY’’ or
‘‘WATERTIGHT HATCH—CLOSE IN
EMERGENCY’’, unless the markings
are deemed unnecessary by the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection.

Liferafts and lifefloats.

(a) Rigid type liferafts and lifefloats,
together with their oars and paddles,
must be conspicuously marked with
the vessel’s name and port of the vessel
as marked on its stern as required by
§ 67.15 of this chapter.
(b) The number of persons allowed on
each rigid type liferaft and lifefloat
must be conspicuously marked or
painted thereon in letters and numbers
at least 11⁄2 inches high.
(c) There must be stenciled in a conspicuous place in the immediate vicinity of each inflatable liferaft the following:

§ 169.750 Radio call sign.
Each vessel certificated for exposed
or partially protected water service
must have its radio call sign permanently displayed or readily available
for display upon its deck or cabin top
in letters at least 18 inches high.

INFLATABLE LIFERAFT NOlll

§ 169.755 Draft marks and draft indicating systems.
(a) All vessels must have draft marks
plainly and legibly visible upon the
stem and upon the sternpost or
rudderpost or at any place at the stern
of the vessel as may be necessary for
easy observance. The bottom of each
mark must indicate the draft.
(b) The draft must be taken from the
bottom of the keel to the surface of the
water at the location of the marks.
(c) In cases where the keel does not
extend forward or aft to the location of
the draft marks, due to a raked stem or
cut away skeg, the draft must be measured from a line projected from the
bottom of the keel forward or aft, as
the case may be, to the location of the
draft marks.
(d) In cases where a vessel may have
a skeg or other appendage extending
locally below the line of the keel, the
draft at the end of the vessel adjacent
to such appendage must be measured to
a line tangent to the lowest part of
such appendage and parallel to the line
of the bottom of the keel.
(e) Draft marks must be separated so
that the projections of the marks onto
a vertical plane are of uniform height
equal to the vertical spacing between
consecutive marks.
(f) Draft marks must be painted in
contrasting color to the hull.
(g) In cases where draft marks are obscured due to operational constraints

llllPERSONS CAPACITY

These markings must not be placed
on the inflatable liferaft containers.
§ 169.741 Personal flotation
and ring life buoys.

devices

Each personal flotation device and
ring life buoy must be marked with the
vessel’s name.
§ 169.743

Portable magazine chests.

Portable magazine chests must be
marked in letters at least 3 inches
high:
‘‘PORTABLE
MAGAZINE
CHEST—FLAMMABLE—KEEP
LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY.’’
§ 169.744 Emergency
position
cating radio beacon (EPIRB).

indi-

Each EPIRB must be marked with
the vessel’s name.
§ 169.745 Escape hatches and emergency exits.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Each escape hatch and other emergency exit must be marked on both
sides using at least 1-inch letters:
‘‘EMERGENCY EXIT, KEEP CLEAR’’,
unless the markings are deemed unnecessary by the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
§ 169.746

Fuel shutoff valves.

Each remote fuel shutoff station
must be marked in at least 1-inch let-

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§ 169.805

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

or by protrusions, the vessel must be
fitted with a reliable draft indicating
system from which the bow and stern
drafts can be determined.

restore the property to the service condition which existed prior to the casualty but does not include the cost of
salvage, gas freeing, drydocking, or demurrage.
(b) The notice must include the name
and official number of the vessel involved, the name of the vessel’s owner
or agent, nature, location and circumstances of the casualty, nature and
extent of injury to persons, and the
damage to property.
(c) In addition to the notice required,
the person in charge of the vessel shall
report in writing or in person, as soon
as possible to the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection at the port in which
the casualty occurred or nearest the
port of first arrival. Casualties must be
reported on Form CG–2692.
(d) The owner, agent, master, or
other person in charge of any vessel involved in a marine casualty shall retain for three years the voyage records
of the vessel such as both rough and
smooth deck and engineroom logs,
navigation charts, navigation work
books, compass deviation cards, gyrocompass records, record of draft, aids
to mariners, radiograms sent and received, the radio log, and crew, sailing
school student, instructor, and guest
lists. The owner agent, master, or
other officer in charge, shall make
these records available to a duly authorized Coast Guard officer or employee for examination upon request.
(e) Whenever a vessel collides or is
connected with a collision with a buoy
or other aid to navigation under the jurisdiction of the Coast Guard, the person in charge of the vessel shall report
the accident to the nearest Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. A report on
Form CG–2692 is not required unless
any of the results listed in paragraph
(b) of this section occur.

[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41824, Sept. 11, 1992]

Subpart 169.800—Operations
§ 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.
Officers on any vessel subject to this
subchapter must have their license or
merchant mariner credential in their
possession and available for examination at all times when the vessel is
being operated.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–2006–24371, 74 FR 11266, Mar. 16,
2009]

§ 169.807 Notice of casualty.
(a) The owner, agent, master, or person in charge of a vessel involved in a
marine casualty shall give notice as
soon as possible to the nearest Coast
Guard Marine Safety or Marine Inspection Office, whenever the casualty involves any of the following:
(1) Each accidental grounding and
each intentional grounding which also
meets any of the other reporting criteria or creates a hazard to navigation,
the environment or the safety of the
vessel;
(2) Loss of main propulsion or primary steering or any associated component or control system which causes
a reduction of the maneuvering capabilities of the vessel. Loss means that
systems, components, sub-system or
control systems do not perform the
specified or required function;
(3) An occurrence materially and adversely affecting the vessel’s seaworthiness or fitness for service or
route, including but not limited to fire,
flooding, or failure or damage to fixed
fire extinguishing systems, lifesaving
equipment, auxiliary power generating
equipment, Coast Guard approved
equipment or bilge pumping systems;
(4) Loss of life;
(5) Injury causing a person to remain
incapacitated for a period in excess of
72 hours; or
(6) An occurrence resulting in damage to property in excess of $25,000.00.
Damage includes the cost necessary to

§ 169.809 Charts and nautical publications.
As appropriate for the intended voyage, all vessels must carry adequate
and up-to-date—
(a) Charts;
(b) Sailing directions;
(c) Coast pilots;
(d) Light lists;
(e) Notices to mariners;
(f) Tide tables; and

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.821
(2) For dismissal from fire alarm stations, the general alarm must be
sounded three times supplemented by
three short blasts of the vessel’s whistle.
(3) The signal for boat stations or
boat drill must be a succession of more
than six short blasts, followed by one
long blast, of the vessel’s whistle supplemented by a comparable signal on
the general alarm bells.
(4) For dismissal from boat stations,
there must be three short blasts of the
whistle.
(c) Where whistle signals are used for
handling the lifeboats, they must be as
follows:
(1) To lower lifeboats, one short
blast.
(2) To stop lowering the lifeboats,
two short blasts.

(g) Current tables.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.813 Station bills.
(a) A station bill (muster list) shall
be prepared and signed by the master
of the vessel. The master shall ensure
that the bill is posted in conspicuous
locations throughout the vessel, particularly in the living spaces, before
the vessel sails.
(b) The station bill must set forth the
special duties and duty station of each
member of the ship’s company for the
various emergencies. The duties must,
as far as possible, be comparable with
the regular work of the individual. The
duties must include at least the following and any other duties necessary
for the proper handling of a particular
emergency:
(1) The closing of airports, watertight
doors, scuppers, sanitary and other discharges which lead through the vessel’s
hull below the margin line, etc., the
stopping of fans and ventilating systems, and the operating of all safety
equipment.
(2) The preparing and launching of
lifeboats and liferafts.
(3) The extinguishing of fire.
(4) The mustering of guests, if carried, including the following:
(i) Warning the guests.
(ii) Seeing that they are dressed and
have put on their personal flotation devices in a proper manner.
(iii) Assembling the guests and directing them to the appointed stations.
(iv) Keeping order in the passageways
and stairways and generally controlling the movement of the guests.
(v) Seeing that a supply of blankets
is taken to the lifeboats.

§ 169.817 Master to instruct ship’s company.
The master shall conduct drills and
give instructions as necessary to insure
that all hands are familiar with their
duties as specified in the station bill.
§ 169.819 Manning of lifeboats and liferafts.
(a) The provisions of this section
shall apply to all vessels equipped with
lifeboats and/or liferafts.
(b) The master shall place a licensed
deck officer, an able seaman, or a certificated lifeboatman in command of
each lifeboat or liferaft. Each lifeboat
or liferaft with a prescribed complement of 25 or more persons must
have
one
additional
certificated
lifeboatman.
(c) The person in charge of each lifeboat or liferaft shall have a list of its
assigned occupants, and shall see that
the persons under his orders are acquainted with their duties.

§ 169.815 Emergency signals.
(a) The station bill must set forth the
various signals used for calling the
ship’s company to their stations and
for giving instructions while at their
stations.
(b) On vessels of 100 gross tons and
over the following signals must be
used.
(1) The first alarm signal must be a
continuous blast of the vessel’s whistle
for a period of not less than 10 seconds
supplemented by the continuous ringing of the general alarm bells for not
less than 10 seconds.

§ 169.821

Patrol person.

(a) The master shall designate a
member of the ship’s company to be a
roving patrol person, whenever the vessel is operational.
(b) The roving patrol person shall frequently visit all areas to ensure that
safe conditions are being maintained.

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§ 169.823
§ 169.823

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
(b) The master shall have the internal combustion engine driven emergency generators operated under load
for at least 2 hours at least once in
each month that the vessel is navigated.
(c) The master shall have the storage
batteries for emergency lighting and
power systems tested at least once in
each 6-month period that the vessel is
navigated to demonstrate the ability of
the storage battery to supply the emergency loads for the specified period of
time.
(d) The date of each test and the condition and performance of the apparatus must be noted in the official logbook.

Openings.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, all watertight doors
in subdivision bulkheads, hatches, and
openings in the hull must be kept
closed during the navigation of the vessel.
(b) The master may permit hatches
or other openings to be uncovered or
opened for reasonable purposes such as
ship’s maintenance, when existing conditions warrant the action and the
openings can readily be closed.
§ 169.824 Compliance with provisions
of certificate of inspection.
The master or person in charge of the
vessel shall see that all of the provisions of the certificate of inspection
are strictly adhered to. Nothing in this
subpart shall be construed as limiting
the master or person in charge of the
vessel, on his own responsibility, from
diverting from the route prescribed in
the certificate of inspection or taking
such other steps as he deems necessary
and prudent to assist vessels in distress
or for other similar emergencies.
§ 169.825

§ 169.831 Emergency
position
indicating radio beacon (EPIRB).
The master shall ensure that—
(a) The EPIRB required in § 169.555 of
this subchapter is tested monthly,
using the integrated test circuit and
output indicator, to determine that it
is operative; and
(b) The EPIRB’s battery is replaced
after the EPIRB is used and before the
marked expiration date.

Wearing of safety belts.

§ 169.833 Fire and boat drills.
(a) When the vessel is operating, the
master shall conduct a fire and boat
drill each week. The scheduling of
drills is at the discretion of the master
except that at least one fire and boat
drill must be held within 24 hours of
leaving a port if more than 25 percent
of the ship’s company have been replaced at that port.
(b) The fire and boat drill must be
conducted as if an actual emergency
existed. All persons on board including
guests shall report to their respective
stations and be prepared to perform the
duties specified in the station bill.
(1) Fire pumps must be started and a
sufficient number of outlets used to ascertain that the system is in proper
working order.
(2) All rescue and safety equipment
must be brought from the emergency
equipment lockers and the persons designated must demonstrate their ability
to use the equipment.
(3) All watertight doors which are in
use while the vessel is underway must
be operated.

The master of each vessel shall ensure that each person wears an approved safety harness when aloft or
working topside in heavy weather.
TESTS, DRILLS, AND INSPECTIONS
§ 169.826 Steering,
and control.

communications

The master shall test the vessel’s
steering gear, signaling whistle, engine
controls, and communications equipment prior to getting underway.
§ 169.827

Hatches and other openings.

The master is responsible for seeing
that all hatches, openings in the hull,
and watertight doors are properly
closed tight.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.829 Emergency
power systems.

lighting

and

(a) Where fitted, the master shall
have the emergency lighting and power
systems operated and inspected at
least once in each week that the vessel
is navigated to ensure that the system
is in proper operating condition.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.839

(4) Weather permitting, lifeboat covers and strongbacks must be removed,
plugs or caps put in place, boat ladders
secured in position, painters led forward and tended, and other life saving
equipment prepared for use. The motor
and hand-propelling gear of each lifeboat, where fitted, must be operated
for at least 5 minutes.
(5) In port, every lifeboat must be
swung out, if practicable. The unobstructed lifeboats must be lowered to
the water and the ship’s company must
be exercised in the use of the oars or
other means of propulsion. Although
all lifeboats may not be used in a particular drill, care must be taken that
all lifeboats are given occasional use to
ascertain that all lowering equipment
is in proper order and the crew properly trained. The master shall ensure
that each lifeboat is lowered to the
water at least once every 3 months.
(6) When the vessel in underway, and
weather permitting, all lifeboats must
be swung out to ascertain that the gear
is in proper order.
(7) The person in charge of each lifeboat and liferaft shall have a list of its
crew and shall ensure that the persons
under his or her command are acquainted with their duties.
(8) Lifeboat equipment must be examined at least once a month to ensure
that it is complete.
(9) The master shall ensure that all
persons on board fully participate in
these drills and that they have been instructed in the proper method of donning and adjusting the personal flotation devices and exposure suits used
and informed of the stowage location of
these devices.
(c) The master shall have an entry
made in the vessel’s official logbook
relative to each fire and boat drill setting forth the date and hour, length of
time of the drill, numbers on the lifeboats swung out and numbers on those
lowered, the length of time that motor
and hand-propelled lifeboats are operated, the number of lengths of hose
used, together with a statement as to
the condition of all fire and lifesaving
equipment, watertight door mechanisms, valves, etc. An entry must also
be made to report the monthly examination of the lifeboat equipment. If in
any week the required fire and boat

drills are not held or only partial drills
are held, an entry must be made stating the circumstances and extend of
the drills held.
(d) A copy of these requirements
must be framed under glass or other
transparent material and posted in a
conspicuous place about the vessel.
§ 169.837 Lifeboats,
lifefloats.

liferafts,

(a) The master or person in charge
shall ensure that the lifeboats, rescue
boats, liferafts, and lifefloats, are properly maintained at all times, and that
all equipment for the vessel required
by the regulations in this subchapter is
provided, maintained, and replaced as
indicated or when necessary and no
less frequently than required by paragraph (b) of this section.
(b) The master shall ensure that:
(1) Each lifeboat has been stripped,
cleaned and thoroughly overhauled at
least once in each year.
(2) The fuel tanks of motor propelled
lifeboats have been emptied and fuel
changed once every twelve months.
(3) Each lifefloat has been cleaned
and thorughly overhauled once every
twelve months.
(4) Each inflatable liferaft has been
serviced at a facility specifically approved by the Commandant for the particular brand, and in accordance with
servicing procedures meeting the requirements of part 160, part 160.151, of
this chapter—
(i) No later than the month and year
on its servicing sticker affixed under 46
CFR 160.151–57(n), except that servicing
may be delayed until the next scheduled inspection of the vessel, provided
that the delay does not exceed 5
months; and
(ii) Whenever the container is damaged or the container straps or seals
are broken.
[CGD 83–005, 51 FR 896, Jan. 9, 1986, as amended by USCG–2001–11118, 67 FR 58541, Sept. 17,
2002]

§ 169.839

Firefighting equipment.

(a) The master or person in charge
shall ensure that the vessel’s firefighting equipment is at all times
ready for use and that all firefighting
equipment required by the regulations

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§ 169.840

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

in this subchapter is provided, maintained, and replaced as indicated.
(b) The master or person in charge
shall have performed at least once
every 12 months the tests and inspections of all hand portable fire extinguishers, semiportable fire extinguishing systems, and fixed fire extinguishing systems on board as described
in § 169.247 of this subchapter. The master or person in charge shall keep
records of the tests and inspections
showing the dates when performed, the
number and/or other identification of
each unit tested and inspected, and the
name(s) of the person(s) and/or company conducting the tests and inspections. These records must be made
available to the marine inspectors
upon request and must be kept for the
period of validity of the vessel’s current certificate of inspection. Conducting these tests and inspections
does not relieve the master or person
in charge of his responsibility to maintain this firefighting equipment in
proper condition at all times.

(b) The master shall place all entries
required by law or regulation in the
logbook.
(c) A Coast Guard form ‘‘Official Logbook’’ may be utilized or the owner
may utilize his own format for an official logbook. The logs must be kept
available for review by the Coast Guard
for a period of one year after the date
to which the records refer or for the period of validity of the vessel’s current
certificate of inspection, whichever is
longer.
(d) All tests, drills, inspections and
notifications required in this subchapter must be entered in the official
logbook.
(e) Prior to getting underway the
master shall enter in the logbook the
name of each sailing school student,
sailing school instructor, and guest onboard, and the fact that each person
was notified of the applicable safety
standards for sailing school vessels as
required by § 169.857 of this chapter.
§ 169.847 Lookouts.
Nothing in this part exonerates any
master or officer of the watch from the
consequences of any neglect to keep a
proper lookout.

§ 169.840 Verification of vessel compliance with applicable stability requirements.
(a) After loading and prior to departure and at all other times necessary
to assure the safety of the vessel, the
master shall determine that the vessel
complies with all applicable stability
requirements in the vessel’s trim and
stability book, stability letter, Certificate of Inspection, and Load Line Certificate, as the case may be, and then
enter an attestation statement of the
verification in the log book. The vessel
may not depart until it is in compliance with these requirements.
(b) When determining compliance
with applicable stability requirements
the vessel’s draft, trim, and stability
must be determined as necessary and
any stability calculations made in support of the determination must be retained on board the vessel for the duration of the voyage.

§ 169.849 Posting placards containing
instructions for launching and inflating inflatable liferafts.
Every vessel equipped with inflatable
liferafts must have posted in conspicuous places readily accessible to
the ship’s company and guests approved placards containing instructions for launching and inflating inflatable liferafts. The number and location
of such placards for a particular vessel
shall be determined by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
§ 169.853 Display of plans.
(a) Each vessel of 100 gross tons and
over must have permanently exhibited
for the guidance of the master, general
arrangement plans for each deck showing the fire control stations, the various sections enclosed by fire resisting
bulkheads, the sections enclosed by fire
retarding bulkheads, together with the
particulars of the fire alarms, detecting systems, fire extinguishing appliances, means of access to different
compartments, ventilation systems

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41825, Sept. 11, 1992]

§ 169.841

Logbook entries.

(a) Each vessel subject to the inspection provisions of this subchapter must
have an official logbook.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.857

and the position of dampers and remote
stops.
(b) Plans must clearly show for each
deck the boundaries of the watertight
compartments, the openings therein
with the means of closure and the position of any controls, and the arrangements for the correction of any list due
to flooding.

(b) Each item of promotional literature or advertisement that offers
passage or solicits students or instructors of voyages onboard a sailing
school vessel must contain the following information:
(1) The name of the vessel;
(2) The country of registry;
(3) A statement detailing the role and
responsibility of a sailing school student or instructor; and
(4) A statement that the vessel is inspected and certificated as a sailing
school vessel and is not required to
meet the same safety standards required of a passenger vessel on a comparable route.
(c) Before getting underway the master shall ensure that each sailing
school student, sailing school instructor, and guest, who has not previously
been notified, is notified of the specialized nature of sailing school vessels
and that the applicable safety requirements for these vessels are not the
same as those applied to passenger vessels.

§ 169.855 Pre-underway training.
Prior to getting underway the master
shall ensure that each sailing school
student and sailing school instructor,
who has not previously been instructed, is instructed in the handling
of sails, emergency procedures, nautical terms, location and use of lifesaving and firefighting equipment, and
the general layout of the vessel.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 169.857 Disclosure of safety standards.
(a) This section applies to all sailing
school vessels and all promotional literature or advertisements offering passage or soliciting sailing school students or instructors for voyages on
sailing school vessels.

83

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