Form 720-X - Amended Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return

Form 720-X - Amended Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return

i720--2020-04-00

Form 720-X - Amended Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return

OMB: 1545-1759

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Instructions for Form 720

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service

(Rev. April 2020)

Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless
otherwise noted.

Future Developments

For the latest information about developments related to
Form 720, and its instructions, such as legislation enacted
after they were published, go to IRS.gov/Form720.

What's New
Excise Tax Holiday for Certain Aviation Excise
Taxes

The CARES Act of March 27, 2020, suspends certain
aviation excise taxes from March 28, 2020, through
December 31, 2020 (the “excise tax holiday”). Go to IRS.gov/
newsroom/faqs-aviation-excise-tax-holiday-under-the-caresact for answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
Transportation by air of persons or property and the
use of international air travel facilities. The Act
suspends the excise taxes under sections 4261 and 4271 on
amounts paid during the excise tax holiday for the
transportation by air of persons or property, including
amounts treated as paid by reason of section 4261(e)(3).
The suspension only applies to amounts actually paid during
the excise tax holiday. The excise tax holiday doesn’t apply
to amounts paid before March 28, 2020, even if the travel
occurs during the excise tax holiday. On Form 720, Part I, at
IRS Nos. 26, 27, and 28, enter a tax of zero for sales during
the excise tax holiday.
Kerosene used in commercial aviation. For commercial
aviation only (other than foreign trade), the Act suspends the
section 4081 $0.043-per-gallon excise tax during the excise
tax holiday. The $0.001-per-gallon excise tax to fund the
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST tax)
isn’t suspended. In addition, the Act treats the use of
kerosene in commercial aviation as a nontaxable use.
Removals. For kerosene used in commercial aviation, the
$0.043-per-gallon rate for commercial aviation is suspended
during the excise tax holiday only when fuel is removed from
a terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft. During the
excise tax holiday, on Form 720, Part I, report the
$0.001-per-gallon LUST tax on removals of kerosene used
for commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) at IRS No.
111.
Refunds. If kerosene is taxed at a higher rate and is later
used during the excise tax holiday in commercial aviation, a
claim for the difference can be made on Schedule C, using
type of use 15, on line 5c, 5d, 9d, and/or 9e, depending upon
the tax rate paid and whether the claimant is the ultimate
purchaser or the ultimate vendor. Claimant must attach a
statement explaining that the claim is for the relief provided
during the excise tax holiday. The ultimate purchaser of the
kerosene is eligible to make a claim if the ultimate purchaser
certifies that the right to make the claim hasn't been waived.
The registered ultimate vendor of kerosene used in
commercial aviation (UA registrant) may make this claim if
the ultimate purchaser waives its right to the payment by
Sep 11, 2020

providing the registered ultimate vendor with a waiver. For
general claim requirements, see Line 5. Kerosene Used in
Aviation and Lines 9c, 9d, 9e, and 9f, later.

Sections 4375 and 4376 Patient-Centered
Outcomes Research (PCOR) Fee Increases

The fee for policy and plan years ending on or after October
1, 2019, but before October 1, 2020, is the applicable rate of
$2.54, multiplied by the average number of lives covered
under the policy or plan. The applicable rate for policy and
plan years ending on or after October 1, 2020, will be
included in future revisions. For updated information, see
Future Developments, above. The fee for policy and plan
years ending on or after October 1, 2018, but before October
1, 2019, remains at the applicable rate of $2.45, multiplied by
the average number of lives covered under the policy or plan.
See Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) fee (IRS
No. 133).

Reminders
Sections 6426 and 6427 fuel credits and payments extensions.
• Biodiesel or renewable diesel mixtures. The biodiesel
or renewable diesel mixture credit is extended for fuel sold or
used in 2020, so line 12 is restored to Form 720, Schedule C.
• Alternative fuel or alternative fuel mixtures. The
alternative fuel and alternative fuel mixture credits are
extended for fuel sold or used in 2020, so line 13 is restored
to Form 720, Schedule C.
• Retroactive claims and Notice 2020-08. See Notice
2020-08 for information on how to make claims for credits
retroactively extended for fuels sold or used in 2018 or 2019.
Repeal of section 4191 medical device tax (formerly IRS
No. 136). The medical device tax is repealed.
Alternative fuel mixtures. The alternative fuel mixture
credit is extended for fuel sold or used in 2020, so line 13 is
restored to Form 720, Schedule C. For claims made on or
after January 8, 2018, "alternative fuel mixture" means a
mixture of taxable fuel and alternative fuel other than
liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas
(CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), liquefied gas derived
from biomass, and compressed gas derived from biomass.
Butane mixture doesn’t qualify for a credit. A mixture of
butane (or other gasoline blendstock) and gasoline is a
mixture of two taxable fuels. Therefore, it isn’t an alternative
fuel mixture and doesn’t qualify for the section 6426
alternative fuel mixture credit. See Rev. Rul. 2018-02 at
IRS.gov/IRB/2006-92_IRB#RR2018-02.
Reducing your excise tax liability. For federal income tax
purposes, reduce your section 4081 excise tax liability by the
amount of excise tax credit allowable under section 6426(c)
or (e) and your section 4041 excise tax liability by the amount
of your excise tax credit allowable under section 6426(d), in
determining your deduction for those excise taxes or your
cost of goods sold deduction attributable to those excise
taxes.

Cat. No. 64240C

Send your return to the IRS using the U.S. Postal Service
or a designated private delivery service to meet the “timely
mailing as timely filing/paying” rule. See Private Delivery
Services, later.

Exported gasoline blendstocks. Claims for exported
gasoline blendstocks taxed at $0.001 per gallon are made on
Schedule C, line 14b. Continue to use line 1b to make claims
for exported gasoline blendstocks taxed at $0.184 per gallon.

Floor stocks tax. Report the floor stocks tax on
ozone-depleting chemicals (ODCs), IRS No. 20, on the
return due by July 31 of each year. The tax payment is due
by June 30. See Floor Stocks Tax, later.

Electronic filing. You can electronically file Form 720
through any electronic return originator (ERO), transmitter,
and/or intermediate service provider (ISP) participating in the
IRS e-file program for excise taxes. For more information on
e-file, visit Excise Tax e-File & Compliance (ETEC) Programs
- Form 720, 2290 and 8849.

Where To File

Send Form 720 to:

Federal tax deposits made by electronic funds transfer.
Generally, you must use electronic funds transfer to make
federal tax deposits, such as deposits of employment tax,
excise tax (for exceptions, see Payment of Taxes, later), and
corporate income tax. Generally, electronic funds transfers
are made using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System
(EFTPS). If you don't want to use EFTPS, you can arrange
for your tax professional, financial institution, payroll service,
or other trusted third party to make deposits on your behalf.
EFTPS is a free service provided by the Department of
Treasury.
To get more information about EFTPS or to enroll in
EFTPS, visit www.eftps.gov or call 1-800-555-4477. See
Pub. 966.

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Ogden, UT 84201-0009

How To File

If you aren't reporting a tax that you normally report, enter a
zero on the appropriate line on Form 720, Part I or II. Also, if
you have no tax to report, write “None” on Form 720, Part III,
line 3; sign and date the return. If you file the second quarter
Form 720 only to report the PCOR fee, no filing is required in
other quarters unless you have to report other fees or taxes.
If you have adjustments to liabilities reported for prior
quarters, see Form 720-X, Amended Quarterly Federal
Excise Tax Return. Don't enter adjustments on Form 720.

General Instructions
Purpose of Form

If you attach additional sheets, write your name and EIN
on each sheet.

Use Form 720 and attachments to report your liability by IRS
No. and pay the excise taxes listed on the form. If you report
a liability on Part I or Part II, you may be eligible to use
Schedule C to claim a credit.

Final Return

File a final return if you have been filing Form 720 and you:
1. Go out of business, or
2. Won't owe excise taxes that are reportable on Form
720 in future quarters.

Who Must File

!

CAUTION

See Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR)
fee (IRS No. 133). in Part II for special rules about
who must file to report the PCOR fee.

If you are only filing to report zero tax and you won't

TIP owe excise tax in future quarters, check the final
return box above Part I of Form 720.

You must file Form 720 if:

• You were liable for, or responsible for collecting, any of the

Recordkeeping

federal excise taxes listed on Form 720, Parts I and II, for a
prior quarter and you haven’t filed a final return; or
• You are liable for, or responsible for collecting, any of the
federal excise taxes listed on Form 720, Parts I and II, for the
current quarter.

Keep copies of your tax return, records, and accounts of all
transactions to show that the correct tax has been paid. Keep
records to support all claims and all exemptions at least 4
years from the latest of the date:
• The tax became due,
• You paid the tax, or
• You filed a claim.

See How To File, later, for more information.

When To File

You must file a return for each quarter of the calendar year as
follows.
Quarter covered

Due by

Jan., Feb., Mar.

April 30

Apr., May, June

July 31

July, Aug., Sept.

October 31

Oct., Nov., Dec.

January 31

Penalties and Interest

If you receive a notice about a penalty after you file this
return, reply to the notice with an explanation and we will
determine if you meet reasonable-cause criteria. Don't
include an explanation when you file your return.
Trust fund recovery penalty. If communications, air
transportation, and indoor tanning services taxes are
collected but not paid to the United States Treasury or are
willfully not collected, the trust fund recovery penalty may
apply. The penalty is the full amount of the unpaid tax.
The trust fund recovery penalty may be imposed on all
persons who are determined by the IRS to be responsible for
collecting, accounting for, and paying over these taxes, and
who acted willfully in not doing so.

If any due date for filing a return falls on a Saturday,
Sunday, or legal holiday, you may file the return on the next
business day.
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Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

designated services. The PDS can tell you how to get written
proof of the mail date. For the IRS mailing address to use if
you are using a PDS, go to IRS.gov/PDSStreetAddresses.

A responsible person can be an officer or employee of a
corporation, a partner or employee of a partnership, an
employee of a sole proprietorship, an accountant, or a
volunteer director/trustee. A responsible person also may
include one who signs checks for the business or otherwise
has authority to cause the spending of business funds.
Willfully means voluntarily, consciously, and intentionally.
A responsible person acts willfully if he or she knows the
required actions aren't taking place.

!

CAUTION

Photographs of Missing Children

The IRS is a proud partner with the National Center for
Missing & Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of
missing children selected by the Center may appear in
instructions on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can
help bring these children home by looking at the photographs
and contacting 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) or
www.missingkids.org/home.html if you recognize a child.

Additional Information

You may find the following products helpful when preparing
Form 720 and any attachments.
• Pub. 510, Excise Taxes, contains definitions and
examples that will help you prepare Form 720. Pub. 510 also
contains information on fuel tax credits and refunds.
• Pub. 509, Tax Calendars, has deposit and payment due
dates for federal excise taxes listed in this publication.
• Notice 2005-4 (fuel tax guidance), see 2005-2 I.R.B. 289,
at IRS.gov/IRB/2005-02_IRB#NOT2005-4.
• Notice 2005-24 (sales of gasoline on oil company credit
cards), 2005-12 I.R.B. 757, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2005-12_IRB#NOT2005-24.
• Notice 2005-62 (biodiesel and aviation-grade kerosene),
2005-35 I.R.B. 443, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2005-35_IRB#NOT2005-62.
• Notice 2005-80 (LUST, kerosene, claims by credit card
issuers, and mechanical dye injection), 2005-46 I.R.B. 953,
at IRS.gov/IRB/2005-46_IRB#NOT2005-80.
• Notice 2006-92 (alternative fuels and mixtures), on
page 774 of 2006-43 I.R.B. 774, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2006-43_IRB#NOT2006-92.
• Notice 2007-97 (alternative fuel and alternative fuel
mixtures), 2007-49 I.R.B. 1092, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2007-49_IRB#NOT2007-97.
• Notice 2008-110 (biodiesel and cellulosic biofuel),
2008-51 I.R.B. 1298, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2008-51_IRB#NOT2008-110.
• Notice 2010-68 (Alaska dyed diesel exemption), 2010-44
I.R.B. 576 at IRS.gov/IRB/2010-44_IRB#NOT2010-68.
• Notice 2012-27 (fractional aircraft), 2012-17 I.R.B. 849, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2012-17_IRB#NOT2012-27.
• Treasury Decision (T.D.) 9670 (tanning tax), 2014-29
I.R.B. 121, at IRS.gov/IRB/2014-29_IRB#TD9670.
• T.D. 9621 (indoor tanning), 2013-28 I.R.B. 49, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2013-28_IRB#TD9621.
• Rev. Rul. 2016-03 (foreign reinsurance), 2016-3 I.R.B.
282, at IRS.gov/IRB/2016-03_IRB#RR2016-03.
• Rev. Rul. 2018-02 (butane mixture), at IRS.gov/IRB/
2006-92_IRB#RR2018-02.
• Rev. Proc. 2019-44 (inflation adjustments), at IRS.gov/
RP2019-44.
• Notice 2020-08 (alternative fuel and alternative fuel
mixture credits, biodiesel fuel or renewable diesel fuel
claims) one-time claim, at IRS.gov/NOT2020-08,
• Notice 2020-44 (PCORTF), 2020-26 I.R.B. at IRS.gov/pub/
irs-drop/n-20-44.pdf.

Specific Instructions
Name and Address

Type your name, address, and the quarter ending date
(month and year). If your address changes, check the
address change box above Form 720, Part I.
P.O. box. If the post office doesn't deliver mail to the street
address and you have a P.O. box, show the box number
instead of the street address.
Foreign address. Follow the country's practice for entering
the postal code. Don't abbreviate the country name.

Employer Identification Number (EIN)
Enter the correct EIN. If you are a one-time filer, you may not
need an EIN. See Gas guzzler tax (IRS No. 40), later. If you
don't have an EIN, you may apply for one online. Go to the
IRS website at IRS.gov/Businesses/Small and click on the
“Employer ID Numbers (EINs)” link. You also may apply for
an EIN by faxing or mailing Form SS-4, Application for
Employer Identification Number, to the IRS.

Disregarded entities and qualified subchapter S subsidiaries. Qualified subchapter S subsidiaries (QSubs) and
eligible single-owner disregarded entities are treated as
separate entities for excise tax and reporting purposes.
QSubs and eligible single-owner disregarded entities must
pay and report excise taxes (other than IRS Nos. 31, 51, and
117), register for most excise tax activities, and claim any
refunds, credits, and payments under the EIN. These actions
can't take place under the owner's taxpayer identification
number (TIN). Some QSubs and disregarded entities may
already have an EIN. However, if you are unsure, please call
the IRS Business and Specialty Tax line at 1-800-829-4933.
Generally, QSubs and eligible single-owner disregarded
entities will continue to be treated as disregarded entities for
other federal tax purposes (other than employment taxes).
Thus, taxpayers filing Form 4136, with Form 1040, U.S.
Individual Income Tax Return, or 1040-SR, U.S Tax Return
for Seniors, can use the owner's TIN. For more information,
see Regulations section 301.7701-2(c)(2).

You also may call the Business and Specialty Tax line at
1-800-829-4933 with your excise tax questions. The hours of
operation are Monday–Friday, 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. local
time.

Signature

Form 720 must be signed by a person authorized by the
entity to sign this return.

Private Delivery Services (PDSs)

Third Party Designee

You can use PDSs designated by the IRS to meet the “timely
mailing as timely filing/paying” rule for tax returns and
payments. Go to IRS.gov/PDS for the current list of
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Private delivery services can’t deliver items to P.O.
boxes. You must use the U.S. Postal Service to mail
any item to an IRS P.O. box address.

If you want to allow an employee of your business, a return
preparer, or other third party to discuss your Form 720 with
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Communications Taxes

the IRS, check the “Yes” box on Form 720 under Third Party
Designee. Also, enter the designee's name, phone number,
and any five digits that person chooses as his or her personal
identification number (PIN).

Communications Services (IRS No. 22)
The tax is 3% of amounts paid for local telephone service
and teletypewriter exchange service.

By checking the “Yes” box, you are authorizing the IRS to
speak with the designee to answer any questions relating to
the processing of, or the information reported on,
Form 720. You also are authorizing the designee to:
• Exchange information concerning Form 720 with the IRS,
and
• Respond to certain IRS notices that you have shared with
your designee relating to Form 720. The IRS won't send
notices to your designee.

Who Must File
The person receiving the payment for communications
services must collect and submit the tax and file the return.
Enter the amount of tax collected or considered collected for
the quarter.

Credits or Refunds

You aren't authorizing the designee to receive any refund
check, bind you to anything (including additional tax liability),
or otherwise represent you before the IRS. If you want to
expand the designee's authority, see Pub. 947, Practice
Before the IRS and Power of Attorney.

If tax is collected and paid over for nontaxable services from
the communications tax, the collector or taxpayer may
request a credit or refund as described below and in Notices
2006-50 and 2007-11.
Collectors. The collector may request a credit or refund
only if it has repaid the tax to the person from whom the tax
was collected, or obtained the consent of that person to the
allowance of the credit or refund. These requirements also
apply to nontaxable service refunds.
Collectors using the regular method for deposits.
Collectors using the regular method for deposits must use
Form 720-X to request a credit or refund.
Collectors using the alternative method for deposits.
Collectors using the alternative method for deposits must
adjust their separate accounts for the credit or refund. For
more information, see Alternative method (IRS Nos. 22, 26,
27, and 28), later.

The authorization will automatically expire 1 year from the
due date (without regard to extensions) for filing your Form
720. If you or your designee want to revoke this authorization,
send a written statement of revocation to:
Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Cincinnati, OH 45999
See Pub. 947 for more information.

Paid Preparer Use Only

A paid preparer must sign Form 720 and provide the
information in the Paid Preparer Use Only section at the end
of the form if the preparer was paid to prepare the form and
isn't an employee of the filing entity. The preparer must give
you a copy of the form in addition to the copy to be filed with
the IRS. If you are a paid preparer, enter your Preparer Tax
Identification Number (PTIN) in the space provided. Include
your complete address. If you work for a firm, you also must
enter the firm’s name and the EIN of the firm. However, you
can't use the PTIN of the tax preparation firm in place of your
PTIN. You can apply for a PTIN online or by filing Form W-12,
IRS Paid Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN)
Application and Renewal. For more information about
applying for a PTIN online, visit the IRS website at IRS.gov/
PTIN.

Air Transportation Taxes
Transportation of Persons by Air (IRS No. 26)
Suspension of certain aviation excise taxes. The
excise tax on amounts paid for transportation of
CAUTION persons by air is suspended during the period March
28, 2020 through December 31, 2020.

!

Transportation of Property by Air (IRS No. 28)
Suspension of certain aviation excise taxes. The
excise tax on amounts paid for transportation of
CAUTION property by air is suspended during the period March
28, 2020 through December 31, 2020.

!

Part I
Environmental Taxes

Use of International Air Travel Facilities
(IRS No. 27)

Use Form 6627, Environmental Taxes, to figure the
environmental taxes on:
• Oil spill liability, IRS Nos. 18 and 21;
• Ozone-depleting chemicals (ODCs), IRS No. 98;
• Imported products that used ODCs as materials in the
manufacture or production of the product, IRS No. 19; and
• The floor stocks tax on ODCs, IRS No. 20 (reported on
Form 720, Part II).

Suspension of certain aviation excise taxes. The
excise tax on amounts paid for the use of
CAUTION international air travel facilities is suspended during
the period March 28, 2020, through December 31, 2020.

!

Communications and Air Transportation
Taxes—Uncollected Tax Report

Attach Form 6627 to Form 720. The tax rates for these
taxes are shown on Form 6627.

A separate report is required to be filed by collecting agents
of communications services (local and teletypewriter service)
and air transportation taxes if the person from whom the
facilities or services tax (the tax) is required to be collected
(the taxpayer) refuses to pay the tax, or it's impossible for the

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Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

the IRS. If these requirements aren't met, you must report the
sale, removal, or use of a diesel-water emulsion as diesel.

collecting agent to collect the tax. The report must contain
the name and address of the taxpayer, the type of facility
provided or service rendered, the amount paid for the facility
or service (the amount on which the tax is based), and the
date paid.

IRS Nos. 105, 107, 119, and 111. Tax is imposed at $0.001
per gallon on removals, entries, and sales of gasoline, diesel,
and kerosene described as exempt transactions. Multiply the
total number of gallons subject to tax for each fuel by $0.001
and enter the amount in the tax column for the following IRS
Nos.
• IRS No. 105, dyed diesel, LUST tax.
• IRS No. 107, dyed kerosene, LUST tax.
• IRS No. 119, LUST tax, other exempt removals; report
gasoline blendstocks, kerosene used for a feedstock
purpose, and diesel or kerosene sold or used in Alaska.
• IRS No. 111, kerosene for use in aviation, LUST tax on
nontaxable uses; report gallons of kerosene removed directly
from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft for nontaxable
uses.

Regular method taxpayers. For regular method taxpayers,
the report must be filed by the due date of the Form 720 on
which the tax would have been reported.
Alternative method taxpayers. For alternative method
taxpayers, the report must be filed by the due date of the
Form 720 that includes an adjustment to the separate
account for the uncollected tax. See Alternative method (IRS
Nos. 22, 26, 27, and 28), later.
Where to file your uncollected tax report. Don't file the
uncollected tax report with Form 720. Instead, mail the
report to:

Kerosene (IRS No. 35). If you are liable for the kerosene
tax on removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons on
line 35(a). If you are liable for the kerosene tax on events
other than removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons
of kerosene on line 35(b).
Multiply the total number of gallons subject to tax on lines
(a) and (b) by $0.244 and make one entry in the tax column.
See Schedule T. Two-Party Exchange Information
Reporting, later, if applicable.

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Cincinnati, OH 45999

Fuel Taxes
First taxpayer's report. If you are reporting gallons of
taxable fuel that may again be subject to tax, you may need
to file a first taxpayer's report. The report must contain all the
information as shown in the Model Certificate B in the
Appendix of Pub. 510.
The person who paid the first tax must do all of the
following.
• Give a copy of the first taxpayer's report to the buyer.
• File the first taxpayer's report with Form 720 for the quarter
for which the report relates.
• Write “EXCISE—FIRST TAXPAYER'S REPORT” across
the top of a separate copy of the report, and by the due date
of Form 720, send the copy to:

Kerosene for use in aviation (IRS Nos. 69, 77, and 111).
Generally, kerosene is taxed at $0.244 per gallon.
• For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel
tank of an aircraft for use in noncommercial aviation, the tax
rate is $0.219 per gallon. Report these gallons on the line for
IRS No. 69.
• Caution: See Suspension of Certain Aviation Excise
Taxes in What’s New, earlier. For kerosene removed directly
from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in
commercial aviation (other than foreign trade), the tax of
$0.043 per gallon under section 4081 is suspended during
the excise tax holiday period. Report the LUST tax on these
gallons on the line for IRS No. 111 during the excise tax
holiday period.
• For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel
tank of an aircraft for nontaxable uses, the tax rate is
generally $0.001 per gallon. Report these gallons on the line
for IRS No. 111.
• For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel
tank of a fractional ownership program aircraft after March
31, 2012, a surtax of $0.141 per gallon applies. Also, report
these gallons on the line for IRS No. 13.

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Cincinnati, OH 45999-0555
Diesel (IRS No. 60). If you are liable for the diesel fuel tax
on removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons on
line 60(a). If you are liable for the diesel fuel tax on events
other than removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons
on line 60(b). If you are liable for the diesel fuel tax because
you have produced diesel by blending biodiesel with taxed
diesel outside of the bulk transfer/terminal system, report
these gallons of biodiesel on line 60(c). If you report gallons
on line 60(c), don't report those gallons on line 60(b).
Multiply the total number of gallons subject to tax on lines
(a), (b), and (c) by $0.244 and make one entry in the tax
column.
See Schedule T. Two-Party Exchange Information
Reporting, later, if applicable.

Other fuels (IRS No. 79). You are liable for the tax on the
fuels listed below when they are delivered into the fuel supply
tank of a motor vehicle or motorboat (or trains for B-100).
Use the following table to determine the tax for each gallon.
Fill in the number of gallons and the appropriate rate in the
Rate column on the line for IRS No. 79. If more than one rate
applies, leave the Rate column blank and attach a schedule
showing the rates and number of gallons taxed at each rate.

Diesel-water emulsion (IRS No. 104). If you are liable for
the reduced rate (see below) of tax on a diesel-water
emulsion removal at the terminal rack or other taxable event,
report these gallons on the line for IRS No. 104.
Requirements. All of the following requirements must be
met to be eligible for the reduced rate: (a) the diesel-water
emulsion must contain at least 14% water; (b) the emulsion
additive must be registered by a U.S. manufacturer with the
EPA under the Clean Air Act, section 211 (as in effect on
March 31, 2003); and (c) the taxpayer must be registered by
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

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Fuel
Qualified—
Ethanol produced from coal . . . . .
Methanol produced from coal . . . .
Partially exempt—
Ethanol produced from natural gas .
Methanol produced from natural gas
B-100 (100% biodiesel) . . . . . . . .
Liquefied gas derived from biomass
Other fuels not shown . . . . . . . . .

the manager of such program by the Federal Aviation
Administration under subpart K of part 91, title 14, Code of
Federal Regulations, and is registered in the United States.
Fractional program aircraft aren't considered used for
transportation of a qualified fractional owner, or on account of
such qualified fractional owner, when they are used for flight
demonstration, maintenance, or crew training. In such
situations, the flight isn't commercial aviation. Instead, the tax
on the fuel used in the flight is imposed at the noncommercial
aviation rate.

Tax Rate
per Gallon
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

$0.184
0.184
0.114
0.0925
0.244
0.184
0.184

Fractional owner. Any person owning any interest
(including the entire interest) in a fractional program aircraft.

Gasoline (IRS No. 62). If you are liable for the gasoline tax
on removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons on
line 62(a). If you are liable for the gasoline tax on events
other than removal at the terminal rack, report these gallons
on line 62(b). If you are liable for the gasoline tax because
you have blended alcohol with taxed gasoline outside of the
bulk transfer/terminal system, report these gallons of alcohol
on line 62(b).
Multiply the total number of gallons subject to tax on lines
(a) and (b) by $0.184. Combine the tax for lines (a) and (b)
and make one entry in the tax column.
See Schedule T. Two-Party Exchange Information
Reporting, later, if applicable.

Dry-lease aircraft exchange. An agreement, documented
by the written program agreements, under which the
fractional program aircraft are available, on an as-needed
basis without crew, to each fractional owner.
Special rule relating to deadhead service. A fractional
program aircraft won't be considered to be used on account
of a qualified fractional owner when it's used in deadhead
service and a person other than a qualified fractional owner is
separately charged for such service.
More information. See section 4043 for more information
on the surtax.
Aviation gasoline (IRS No. 14). Aviation gasoline is taxed
at the rate shown on Form 720.
Also, a surtax of $0.141 per gallon applies on fuel used in
an aircraft which is part of a fractional ownership program.
For further information on fractional ownership program
aircraft, see Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional
ownership program aircraft as fuel (IRS No. 13), earlier.

Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel (IRS No. 13). Fuel used in a
fractional ownership program aircraft, as defined below, after
March 31, 2012, is subject to a surtax of $0.141 per gallon.
The fractional ownership program manager is liable for the
surtax. If you are liable, report these gallons on the line for
IRS No. 13.
The surtax applies in addition to any other taxes imposed
on the removal, entry, use, or sale of the fuel. If the surtax is
imposed, the flight isn't considered commercial aviation.
Instead, the tax on the fuel used in the flight is imposed at the
noncommercial aviation rate of $0.219 per gallon (IRS No.
69).
If the surtax is imposed, the following taxes don't apply.
• Transportation of persons by air (IRS No. 26).
• Transportation of property by air (IRS No. 28).
• Use of international air travel facilities (IRS No. 27).
Fractional ownership aircraft program is a program under
which:
• A single fractional ownership program manager provides
fractional ownership program management services on
behalf of the fractional owners;
• There are one or more fractional owners per fractional
program aircraft, with at least one fractional program aircraft
having more than one owner;
• For at least two fractional program aircraft, none of the
ownership interests in the aircraft are less than the minimum
fractional ownership interest or held by the program
manager;
• There exists a dry-lease aircraft exchange arrangement
among all of the fractional owners; and
• There are multi-year program agreements covering the
fractional ownership, fractional ownership program
management services, and dry-lease aircraft exchange
aspects of the program.

Alternative fuel (IRS Nos. 112, 118, and 120–124).
Alternative fuel is any liquid other than gas oil, fuel oil, or any
product taxable under section 4081. You are liable for tax on
alternative fuel delivered into the fuel supply tank of a motor
vehicle or motorboat, or on certain bulk sales. Report the tax
on the line for the IRS No. listed in the following table.
Alternative Fuel

IRS Number

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)

112

“P Series” fuels

118

Compressed natural gas (CNG)

120

Liquefied hydrogen

121

Fischer-Tropsch process liquid fuel from coal
(including peat)

122

Liquid fuel derived from biomass

123

Liquefied natural gas (LNG)

124

For sales or uses after December 31, 2015, the following
gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or diesel gallon equivalent
(DGE) applies.
• LPG (includes propane, pentane, or mixtures of those
gases), taxed at $0.183 per GGE, has a GGE of 5.75 pounds
or 1.353 gallons of LPG.
• LNG, taxed at $0.243 per DGE, has a DGE of 6.06 pounds
or 1.71 gallons of LNG.
• CNG, taxed at $0.183 per GGE, has a GGE of 5.66
pounds or 123.57 cubic feet of CNG.

Fractional program aircraft. Any aircraft that, in any
fractional ownership aircraft program, is listed as a fractional
program aircraft in the management specifications issued to

Example. 10,000 gallons of LNG ÷ 1.71 = 5,848 DGE x
$0.243 = $1,421.06 tax.
-6-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Retail Tax

Ship Passenger Tax
Transportation by water (IRS No. 29). A tax is imposed
on the operator of commercial ships. The tax is $3 for each
passenger on a commercial passenger ship that has berth or
stateroom accommodations for at least 17 passengers if the
trip is over 1 or more nights. A voyage extends “over 1 or
more nights” if it lasts longer than 24 hours. The tax also
applies to passengers on any commercial ship that
transports passengers engaged in gambling aboard the ship
beyond the territorial waters of the United States. Enter the
number of passengers for the quarter on the line for IRS
No. 29.

Truck, Trailer, and Semitrailer Chassis and
Bodies, and Tractors (IRS No. 33)
The tax is 12% of the sales price on the first retail sale of
each unit. The tax applies to:
• Truck chassis and bodies, except truck chassis and
bodies suitable for use with a vehicle with a gross vehicle
weight (GVW) of 33,000 pounds or less;
• Trailer and semitrailer chassis and bodies, except trailer
and semitrailer chassis and bodies suitable for use with a
vehicle with a GVW of 26,000 pounds or less; and
• Tractors of the kind chiefly used for highway transportation
in combination with a trailer or semitrailer, except tractors
that have a GVW of 19,500 pounds or less and a gross
combined weight of 33,000 pounds or less.

Other Excise Tax
Obligations not in registered form (IRS No. 31). For
obligations issued during the quarter, enter the principal
amount of the obligation multiplied by the number of calendar
years (or portion thereof) during the period beginning on the
issue date and ending on the maturity date on the line for IRS
No. 31.

Generally, gross combined weight means the weight of a
tractor and the weight of its trailer(s).
The tax imposed on parts and accessories sold on or in
connection with the units listed above and the tax imposed
on the separate purchase of parts and accessories for the
units listed above don't apply to an idling reduction device,
described next, or to insulation that has an R value of at least
R35 per inch.
Idling reduction device. Any device or system of devices
that provide the tractor with services, such as heat, air
conditioning, and electricity, without the use of the main drive
engine while the tractor is temporarily parked or stationary.
The device must be affixed to the tractor and determined by
the Administrator of the EPA, in consultation with the
Secretary of Energy and Secretary of Transportation, to
reduce idling while parked or stationary.

Foreign Insurance Taxes
Policies issued by foreign insurers (IRS No. 30). Enter
the amount of premiums paid during the quarter on policies
issued by foreign insurers. Multiply the premiums paid by the
rates listed on Form 720 and enter the total for the three
types of insurance on the line for IRS No. 30.
Section 4371(3) tax on foreign reinsurance premiums
no longer applies. The 1% tax doesn’t apply to premiums
paid on a policy of reinsurance issued by one foreign
reinsurer to another foreign insurer or reinsurer, under the
situations described in Rev. Rul. 2008-15, 2008-12 I.R.B.
633. See Rev. Rul. 2016-03, 2016-3 I.R.B. 282, at
IRS.gov/IRB/2016-03_IRB#RR2016–03.
Who must file. The person who pays the premium to the
foreign insurer (or to any nonresident person such as a
foreign broker) must pay the tax and file the return.
Otherwise, any person who issued or sold the policy, or who
is insured under the policy, is required to pay the tax and file
the return.
Treaty-based return positions under section 6114.
Foreign insurers and reinsurers who take the position that a
treaty of the United States overrules, or otherwise modifies,
an internal revenue law of the United States must disclose
such position. This disclosure must be made once a year on
a statement which must report the payments of premiums
that are exempt from the excise tax on policies issued by
foreign insurers for the previous calendar year. This
statement is filed with the first quarter Form 720, which is due
before May 1 of each year.
You may be able to use Form 8833, Treaty-Based Return
Position Disclosure Under Section 6114 or 7701(b), as a
disclosure statement.
At the top of Form 720, write “Section 6114 Treaty.” If you
have no other transactions reportable on Form 720, complete
Form 720 as follows.
1. If this is your final return, check the final return box.
2. Write “None” on lines 1 and 3.
3. Sign the return.

Figure the tax for each vehicle sold and enter the total for
the quarter on the line for IRS No. 33.
Gross vehicle weight. The gross vehicle weight (GVW)
means the maximum total weight of a loaded vehicle.
Generally, this maximum total weight is the GVW rating
provided by the manufacturer or determined by the seller of
the completed article. The seller's GVW rating must be
determined for excise tax purposes on the basis of the
strength of the chassis frame and the axle capacity and
placement. The seller may not take into account any readily
attachable components (such as tires or rim assemblies) in
determining the GVW. See Regulations section
145.4051-1(e)(3) for more information.
The following four classifications of truck body types meet
the suitable-for-use standard and will be excluded from the
retail excise tax.
• Platform truck bodies 21 feet or less in length.
• Dry freight and refrigerated truck van bodies 24 feet or less
in length.
• Dump truck bodies with load capacities of 8 cubic yards or
less.
• Refuse packer truck bodies with load capacities of 20
cubic yards or less.
Section 4051(d) tire credit. A tax credit may be claimed
equal to the amount of tax that has been imposed on each
tire that is sold on or in connection with the first retail sale of a
taxable vehicle reported on IRS No. 33. Claim the section
4051(d) tire credit on Schedule C, line 14a.

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

You need an EIN to file Form 720. If you don't have an
EIN, see Employer Identification Number (EIN), earlier.

-7-

One-time filing. If you import a gas guzzling automobile,
you may be eligible to make a one-time filing of Form 720
and Form 6197 if you meet all of the following conditions.
• You don't import gas guzzling automobiles in the course of
your trade or business.
• You aren't required to file Form 720 reporting excise taxes
for the calendar quarter, except for a one-time filing.
Follow the steps below to make a one-time filing.
1. File Form 720 for the quarter in which you incur liability
for the tax. See When To File, earlier.
2. Pay the tax with Form 720. No deposits are required.
3. If you are an individual and don't have an EIN, enter
your social security number (SSN) or individual taxpayer
identification number (ITIN) on Form 720 and Form 720-V,
Payment Voucher, in the space for the EIN.
4. Check the one-time filing box on the line for the gas
guzzler tax.

Where to file your treaty-based return positions under
section 6114. All filers should mail Form 720 with the
attached Form 8833 or disclosure statement to the address
listed under Where To File, earlier. See the Caution under
Private Delivery Services, earlier.

Manufacturers Taxes

!

CAUTION

Don't include the excise tax on coal in the sales price
when determining which tax rate to use for IRS Nos.
36, 37, 38, and 39.

Underground mined coal (IRS Nos. 36 and 37). The tax
on underground mined coal is the lower of $1.10 per ton or
4.4% of the sales price. Enter on the line for IRS No. 36 the
number of tons of underground mined coal sold at $25 or
more per ton. Enter on the line for IRS No. 37 the total sales
price for all sales of underground mined coal sold at a selling
price of less than $25 per ton.
Surface mined coal (IRS Nos. 38 and 39). The tax on
surface mined coal is the lower of $0.55 per ton or 4.4% of
the sales price. Enter on the line for IRS No. 38 the number of
tons of surface mined coal sold at $12.50 or more per ton.
Enter on the line for IRS No. 39 the total sales price for all
sales of surface mined coal sold at a selling price of less than
$12.50 per ton.

Vaccine taxes (IRS No. 97). A tax is imposed on the sale
or use of a vaccine manufactured, produced, or entered into
the United States at $0.75 per dose if it:
• Contains diptheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, pertussis
bacteria, extracted or partial cell bacteria, specific pertussis
antigens, or polio virus;
• Is against measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis A, hepatitis
B, chicken pox, rotavirus gastroenteritis, or human
papillomavirus;
• Is any HIB (haemophilus influenza type B) vaccine;
• Is any meningococcal vaccine;
• Is any conjugate vaccine against streptococcus
pneumonia; or
• Any trivalent vaccine against seasonal influenza or any
other vaccine against seasonal influenza.
The effective date for the tax on any other vaccine against
seasonal influenza is the later of August 1, 2013, or the date
the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human
Services lists a vaccine against seasonal influenza for
purposes of compensation for any vaccine-related injury or
death through the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund.
If any taxable vaccine is combined with one or more
additional taxable vaccines, then the tax is imposed on each
vaccine included in the combination.

Taxable tires (IRS Nos. 108, 109, and 113). A tax is
imposed on taxable tires sold by the manufacturer, producer,
or importer at the rate of $0.0945 ($0.04725 in the case of a
bias ply tire or super single tire) for each 10 pounds of the
maximum rated load capacity over 3,500 pounds. Figure the
tax for each tire sold in each category as shown in the
following chart and enter the total for the quarter on the line
for IRS No. 108, 109, or 113. Enter the number of tires for
each IRS No.

IRS No.

Taxable Tire Category

Rate (for each 10
pounds of the
maximum rated load
capacity over 3,500
pounds)

108

Taxable tires other than
bias ply or super single
tires

$0.0945

109

Taxable tires, bias ply or
super single tires (other
than super single tires
designed for steering)

0.04725

113

Taxable tires, super
single tires designed for
steering

0.0945

Example. MMR contains three taxable vaccines:
measles, mumps, and rubella. The tax per dose on MMR is
$2.25 (3 x $0.75).
Add the tax for each taxable vaccine and enter the total
tax on the line for IRS No. 97.

Part II
Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) fee (IRS
No. 133). The PCOR fee is imposed on issuers of specified
health insurance policies (section 4375) and plan sponsors of
applicable self-insured health plans (section 4376) for policy
and plan years ending on or after October 1, 2012. Generally,
references to taxes on Form 720 include this fee.
Specified health insurance policies. For issuers of
specified health insurance policies, the fee for a policy year
ending on or after October 1, 2019, but before October 1,
2020, is $2.54 (line 133(b)) ($2.45 for a policy year ending on
or after October 1, 2018, but before October 1, 2019
(line 133(a))), multiplied by the average number of lives
covered under the policy for that policy year. Generally,
issuers of specified health insurance policies must use one of

A taxable tire is any tire of the type used on highway
vehicles if wholly or partially made of rubber and if marked
according to federal regulations for highway use. A bias ply
tire is a pneumatic tire on which the ply cords that extend to
the beads are laid at alternate angles substantially less than
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread. A super single tire is
a tire greater than 13 inches in cross section width designed
to replace two tires in a dual fitment, but doesn't include any
tire designed for steering.
Gas guzzler tax (IRS No. 40). Use Form 6197, Gas
Guzzler Tax, to figure the liability for this tax. Attach
Form 6197 to Form 720. The tax rates for the gas guzzler tax
are shown on Form 6197.
-8-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

the following four alternative methods to determine the
average number of lives covered under a policy for the policy
year.
1. The actual count method.
2. The snapshot method.
3. The member months method.
4. The state form method.

Fishing rods and fishing poles (IRS No. 110). The tax on
fishing rods and fishing poles (and component parts) taxed at
a rate of 10% will have a maximum tax of $10 per article. The
tax is paid by the manufacturer, producer, or importer. Add
the tax on each sale during the quarter and enter the total on
the line for IRS No. 110.
Electric outboard motors (IRS No. 42). The tax on an
electric outboard motor is 3% of the sales price. The tax is
paid by the manufacturer, producer, or importer. Add the tax
on each sale during the quarter and enter the total on the line
for IRS No. 42.

Applicable self-insured health plans. For plan
sponsors of applicable self-insured health plans, the fee for a
plan year ending on or after October 1, 2019, but before
October 1, 2020, is $2.54 (line 133(d)) ($2.45 for a policy
year ending on or after October 1, 2018, but before October
1, 2019 (line 133(c))), multiplied by the average number of
lives covered under the plan for that plan year. Generally,
plan sponsors of applicable self-insured health plans must
use one of the following three alternative methods to
determine the average number of lives covered under a plan
for the plan year.
1. Actual count method.
2. Snapshot method.
3. Form 5500 method.

Fishing tackle boxes (IRS No. 114). The tax on fishing
tackle boxes is 3% of the sales price. The tax is paid by the
manufacturer, producer, or importer. Add the tax on each
sale during the quarter and enter the total on the line for IRS
No. 114.
Bows, quivers, broadheads, and points (IRS No. 44).
The tax on bows is 11% of the sales price. The tax is paid by
the manufacturer, producer, or importer. It applies to bows
having a peak draw weight of 30 pounds or more. The tax
also is imposed on the sale of any part or accessory suitable
for inclusion in or attachment to a taxable bow and any
quiver, broadhead, or point suitable for use with arrows
described below. Add the tax on each sale during the quarter
and enter the total on the line for IRS No. 44.

Reporting and paying the fee. File Form 720 annually to
report and pay the fee on the second quarter Form 720 no
later than July 31 of the calendar year immediately following
the last day of the policy year or plan year to which the fee
applies. Because the rate used to determine the fee varies
from year to year, you should determine the fee using the
instructions for the second quarter Form 720. If you file Form
720 only to report the fee, don't file Form 720 for the first,
third, or fourth quarters of the year. If you file Form 720 to
report quarterly excise tax liability for the first, third, or fourth
quarter of the year (for example, filers reporting the foreign
insurance tax (IRS No. 30), don't make an entry on the line
for IRS No. 133 on those filings.
Deposits aren't required for this fee, so issuers and plan
sponsors aren't required to pay the fee using Electronic
Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). However, if the fee is
paid using EFTPS, the payment should be applied to the
second quarter. See Electronic deposit requirement under
Payment of Taxes, later.
Report the average number of lives covered in column (a).
Apply the applicable rate ((b) Rate for avg. covered life) and
enter the fee in column (c).
Combine the fees for specified health insurance policies
and applicable self-insured health plans and enter the total in
the tax column on the line for IRS No. 133.

Arrow shafts (IRS No. 106). The tax on arrow shafts
remains at $0.52 per arrow shaft. The tax is paid by the
manufacturer, producer, or importer of any arrow shaft
(whether sold separately or incorporated as part of a finished
or unfinished product) of a type used in the manufacture of
any arrow which after its assembly meets either of the
following conditions.
• It measures 18 inches or more in overall length.
• It measures less than 18 inches in overall length but is
suitable for use with a taxable bow, described earlier.
Exemption for certain wooden arrows. The tax doesn't
apply to any shaft made of all natural wood with no
laminations or artificial means of enhancing the spine of such
shaft (whether sold separately or incorporated as part of a
finished or unfinished product) and used in the manufacture
of any arrow which after its assembly meets both of the
following conditions.
• It measures 5/16 of an inch or less in diameter.
• It isn't suitable for use with a taxable bow, described
earlier.
Add the tax on each sale during the quarter and enter the
total on the line for IRS No. 106.

Indoor Tanning Services Tax

More information. For more information, including
methods for calculating the average number of lives covered,
see sections 4375, 4376, and 4377.

Indoor tanning services (IRS No. 140). The tax on indoor
tanning service is 10% of the amount paid for that service.
The tax is paid by the person paying for the indoor tanning
service and is collected by the person receiving payment for
the indoor tanning services.

Sport fishing equipment (other than fishing rods and
fishing poles) (IRS No. 41). The tax on sport fishing
equipment is 10% of the sales price. The tax is paid by the
manufacturer, producer, or importer. Taxable articles include
reels, fly fishing lines (and other lines not over 130 pounds
test), fishing spears, spear guns, spear tips, terminal tackle,
fishing supplies and accessories, and any parts or
accessories sold on or in connection with these articles. See
Pub. 510 for a complete list of taxable articles. Add the tax on
each sale during the quarter and enter the total on the line for
IRS No. 41.
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Who must file. The person receiving the payment for indoor
tanning services (collector) must collect and remit the tax and
file the return. If the tax isn't collected for any reason, the
collector is liable for the tax.
Definition of indoor tanning services. Indoor tanning
service means a service employing any electronic product
designed to incorporate one or more ultraviolet lamps and
intended for the irradiation of an individual by ultraviolet
-9-

the line for IRS No. 20. Attach Form 6627 to the Form 720
that is due July 31 of each year.

radiation, with wavelengths in air between 200 and 400
nanometers, to induce skin tanning. The term doesn't include
phototherapy service performed by, and on the premises of,
a licensed medical professional (such as a dermatologist,
psychologist, or registered nurse). See Regulations section
49.5000B-1 for more information and special rules for
qualified physical fitness facilities, undesignated payment
cards, and bundled payments.
Enter the amount of indoor tanning services tax collected
(or due for failing to collect the tax) for the quarter on the line
for IRS No. 140.

Part III
Line 4. Report on Form 720, line 4, the total claims from
Schedule C, line 15. See Schedule C. Claims, later.
Line 6. Include on line 6 the amount from line 11 of your
previous return that you applied to this return and the amount
from Form 720-X, line 5b.
Note. Include on line 6 of your next return the amount from
line 11 you want to have applied to that return.

Other Part II Taxes
Inland waterways fuel use tax (IRS No. 64). If you are
liable for the inland waterways fuel use tax, report the
number of gallons subject to tax on the line for IRS No. 64.
Certain fuels also must be reported under IRS No. 125
(discussed next).

!

CAUTION

!

CAUTION

If you owe other federal tax, interest, or penalty, the
overpayment on line 11 and line 7 will first be applied
to the unpaid amounts.

Line 10. If line 3 is more than line 9, enter the difference in
line 10. You don't have to pay if line 10 is under $1.00.
You may pay the amount shown on line 10 by EFTPS,
check or money order, or, if filing electronically, electronic
funds withdrawal (direct debit). If you pay by EFTPS or direct
debit, don't file Form 720-V.

The inland waterways fuel use tax applies at the rate
listed on Form 720. This is in addition to all other
taxes imposed on the sale or use of the fuel.

Leaking underground storage tank (LUST) tax on inland
waterways fuel use (IRS No. 125). The LUST tax must be
paid on any liquid fuel used on inland waterways that isn't
subject to LUST tax under section 4041(d) or 4081. For
example, gallons of Bunker C residual fuel oil must be
reported under both IRS Nos. 64 and 125.

!

CAUTION

If you don't deposit as required and, instead, pay the
taxes with Form 720, you may be subject to a
penalty.

Payment of Taxes

Generally, semimonthly deposits of excise taxes are
required. A semimonthly period is the first 15 days of a
month (the first semimonthly period) or the 16th through the
last day of a month (the second semimonthly period).

Section 40 fuels (IRS No. 51). An excise tax is imposed
(recaptured) if you claim the second generation biofuel
producer credit and you don't use the fuel for the purposes
described under Qualified Second Generation Biofuel
Production in the Instructions for Form 6478, Biofuel
Producer Credit. When recapturing, you must pay a tax on
each gallon of second generation biofuel at the rate you used
to figure the credit.
The tax rate for second generation biofuel is $1.01 per
gallon. Fill in the number of gallons and the appropriate rate
in the Rate column on the line for IRS No. 51.

However, no deposit is required for the situations listed
below. The taxes are payable with the return.
• The net liability for taxes listed on Form 720, Part I, doesn't
exceed $2,500 for the quarter.
• The gas guzzler tax is being paid on a one-time filing. See
Gas guzzler tax (IRS No. 40), earlier.
• The patient-centered outcomes research fee is being paid
with a second quarter Form 720. See Patient-centered
outcomes research fee (IRS No. 133), earlier.
• The liability is for taxes listed on Form 720, Part II, except
the floor stocks tax, which generally requires a single deposit.

Biodiesel sold as but not used as fuel (IRS No. 117).
You must pay a tax (recapture) on each gallon of biodiesel or
renewable diesel on which a credit was claimed at the rate
used to figure the credit if you:
• Use it (including a mixture) other than as a fuel;
• Buy it at retail and use it to create a mixture;
• Separate it from a mixture; or
• Use agri-biodiesel on which the small agri-biodiesel
producer credit was claimed for a use not described under
Qualified Agri-Biodiesel Production in the Instructions for
Form 8864, Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit.
The tax is $1.00 per gallon of biodiesel, agri-biodiesel, and
renewable diesel. An additional $0.10 is added if the
agri-biodiesel benefited from the small agri-biodiesel
producer credit. Fill in the number of gallons and the
appropriate rate in the Rate column on the line for IRS No.
117. If more than one rate applies, leave the Rate column
blank and attach a schedule showing the rates and number
of gallons taxed at each rate.

Special rule for deposits of taxes in September 2020. If
you are required to make deposits, see the chart below. The
special rule doesn't apply to taxes not required to be
deposited (see Payment of Taxes above). See Regulations
sections 40.6302(c)-2 and 40.6302(c)-3 for rules to figure the
net tax liability for the deposits due in September.
Additional deposit of taxes in September 2020
For the period
Type of Tax
Regular
method taxes
Alternative
method taxes
(IRS Nos. 22,
26, 27, and 28)
(based on
amounts billed)

Floor Stocks Tax
Ozone-depleting chemicals floor stocks tax (IRS No.
20). Use Form 6627 to figure the liability for this tax. Enter
the amount from Form 6627, Part IV, line 4, column (d), on
-10-

Beginning on

Ending on

Due Date

Sept. 16

Sept. 26

Sept. 29

Sept. 1

Sept. 11

Sept. 29

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

!

deposit of tax is due by the third business day after the
seventh day of that period.
Example. The tax included in amounts billed or tickets
sold for the period June 16–30, 2020, is considered collected
from July 16–22, 2020, and must be deposited by July 27,
2020.
To use the alternative method, you must keep separate
accounts of the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold
during the month and report on Form 720 the tax included in
amounts billed or tickets sold and not the amount of tax that
is actually collected. For example, amounts billed in
December, January, and February are considered collected
during January, February, and March and are reported on
Form 720 as the tax for the first quarter of the calendar year.
The separate account for each month must reflect:
1. All items of tax included in amounts billed or tickets
sold during the month, and
2. Other items of adjustment relating to tax for prior
months (within the statute of limitations on credits or
refunds).

For the remaining days in September (27–30), make
your deposits by the 14th day of October.

CAUTION

How To Make Deposits

To avoid a penalty, make your deposits timely and don't mail
your deposits directly to the IRS. Records of your deposits
will be sent to the IRS for crediting to your accounts.

Electronic deposit requirement. You must deposit all
depository taxes (such as excise tax, employment tax, or
corporate income tax) by electronic funds transfer.
Depositing on time. For EFTPS deposits to be on time,
you must initiate the transaction at least 1 day before the date
the deposit is due (before 8:00 p.m. Eastern time).
If a deposit is due on a day that isn't a business day or
legal holiday, see below under When To Make Deposits. The
term “legal holiday” means any legal holiday in the District of
Columbia.
Same-day wire payment option. If you fail to submit a
deposit transaction on EFTPS by 8:00 p.m. Eastern time the
day before the date a deposit is due, you can still make your
deposit on time by using the Federal Tax Collection Service
(FTCS). To use the same-day wire payment method, you will
need to make arrangements with your financial institution
ahead of time. Please check with your financial institution
regarding availability, deadlines, and costs. Your financial
institution may charge you a fee for payments made this way.
To learn more about the information you will need to provide
your financial institution to make a same-day wire payment,
visit IRS.gov/E-Pay and click on Same-day wire.

The separate account for any month can't include an
adjustment resulting from a refusal to pay or inability to
collect unless the refusal has been reported to the IRS. See
Communications and Air Transportation Taxes—
Uncollected Tax Report, earlier.
The net tax liability that is considered collected during the
semimonthly period must be either:
• The net amount of tax reflected in the separate account for
the corresponding semimonthly period of the preceding
month, or
• One-half of the net amount of tax reflected in the separate
account for the preceding month.

You will automatically be enrolled in EFTPS when

TIP you apply for an EIN. You will receive a separate

mailing containing instructions for activating your
EFTPS enrollment after you receive your EIN.

Amount To Deposit

Deposits of taxes for a semimonthly period must be at least
95% of the amount of net tax liability for that period, unless
the safe harbor rule applies. See Safe Harbor Rule, later.

When To Make Deposits

There are two methods for determining deposits: the regular
method and the alternative method.

The net tax liability for a semimonthly period is the total
liability for the period minus any claims allowed on
Schedule C for the period. Net tax liability for a semimonthly
period may be figured by dividing the net tax liability for the
month by 2, provided this method of computation is used for
all semimonthly periods in the calendar quarter.

The regular method applies to all taxes on Form 720, Part
I, except for communications and air transportation taxes if
deposits are based on amounts billed or tickets sold, rather
than on amounts actually collected. See Alternative method,
below.
If you are depositing more than one tax under a method,
combine all the taxes under the method and make one
deposit for the semimonthly period.

!

CAUTION

Regular method. The deposit of tax for a semimonthly
period is due by the 14th day following that period. Generally,
this is the 29th day of a month for the first semimonthly period
and the 14th day of the following month for the second
semimonthly period. If the 14th or the 29th day falls on a
Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, you must make the
deposit by the immediately preceding day that isn't a
Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

Safe Harbor Rule
The safe harbor rule applies separately to deposits under the
regular method and the alternative method. Persons who
filed Form 720 for the look-back quarter (the second calendar
quarter preceding the current quarter) are considered to
meet the semimonthly deposit requirement if the deposit for
each semimonthly period in the current quarter is at least 1/6
(16.67%) of the net tax liability reported for the look-back
quarter.

Alternative method (IRS Nos. 22, 26, 27, and 28).
Deposits of communications and air transportation taxes may
be based on taxes included in amounts billed or tickets sold
during a semimonthly period instead of on taxes actually
collected during the period. Under the alternative method, the
tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during a
semimonthly period is considered collected during the first 7
days of the second following semimonthly period. The
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

The net tax liability for a semimonthly period isn't
reduced by any amounts from Form 720-X.

For the semimonthly period for which the additional
deposit is required (September 1–11 and 16–26), the
additional deposit must be at least 11/90 (12.23%), of the net
tax liability reported for the look-back quarter. Also, the total
deposit for that semimonthly period must be at least 1/6
-11-

and are reported for the third quarter of 2020 on Schedule A
in box M, not the second quarter of 2020.

(16.67%) of the net tax liability reported for the look-back
quarter.
Exceptions. The safe harbor rule doesn't apply to the
following quarters.
• The first and second quarters beginning on or after the
effective date of an increase in the rate of tax unless the
deposit of taxes for each semimonthly period in the calendar
quarter is at least 1/6 (16.67%) of the tax liability you would
have had for the look-back quarter if the increased rate of tax
had been in effect for that look-back quarter.
• Any quarter if liability includes any tax not in effect
throughout the look-back quarter.
• For deposits under the alternative method, any quarter if
liability includes any tax not in effect throughout the look-back
quarter and the month preceding the look-back quarter.

Reporting tax liability under the special September rule.
An additional reporting is required under the special
September rule as follows:

Requirements to be met. For the safe harbor rule to apply,
you must pay any underpayment for the current quarter by
the due date of the return and check the box on line 5 of
Form 720.

!

CAUTION

Online Payment Agreement

Schedule A. Excise Tax Liability
How to complete. Complete Schedule A to record net tax
liabilities for Form 720, Part I, taxes for each semimonthly
period in a quarter even if your net liability is under $2,500.
The following table will help you determine which boxes to
complete on Schedule A.

Regular method
Alternative method

1
2

Alternative method taxes

Enter the tax included in the amounts billed
or tickets sold for the period beginning
September 11/12 and ending September 15
in box M of the fourth quarter return. Enter
the tax included in amounts billed or tickets
sold during the period beginning September
16 and ending September 30 in box N of the
fourth quarter return.

In a two-party exchange, the receiving person, not the
delivering person, is liable for the tax imposed on the removal
of taxable fuel from the terminal at the terminal rack. A
two-party exchange means a transaction (other than a sale)
where the delivering person and receiving person are both
taxable fuel registrants and all of the following occur.
• The transaction includes a transfer from the delivering
person, who holds the inventory position for the taxable fuel
in the terminal as reflected in the records of the terminal
operator.
• The exchange transaction occurs before or at the same
time as completion of removal across the rack by the
receiving person.
• The terminal operator in its records treats the receiving
person as the person that removes the product across the
terminal rack for purposes of reporting the transaction on
Form 720-TO, Terminal Operator Report.
• The transaction is the subject of a written contract.

If you can't pay the full amount of tax owed, you can apply for
an installment agreement online. You can apply for an
installment agreement online if the total amount you owe in
combined tax, penalties, and interest is $25,000 ($50,000 for
individuals) or less, and you've filed all required returns. To
apply using the Online Payment Agreement Application, go
to IRS.gov/Payment, click on Tools, then click on Online
Payment Agreement.

THEN you report
on line...

Enter the liability for the period beginning
September 26/27 and ending September 30
in box F.

Schedule T. Two-Party Exchange
Information Reporting

The IRS may withdraw the right to make deposits of
tax using the safe harbor rule from any person not
complying with these rules.

IF you are reporting
under the...

Regular method taxes

Information reporting. Schedule T is used to report gallons
of taxable fuel:
• Received in a two-party exchange within a terminal; these
gallons also must be included on the appropriate line on
Form 720, page 1; or
• Delivered in a two-party exchange with a removal across
the rack.
Enter all gallons of fuel received or delivered in a two-party
exchange within a terminal for the applicable fuel.

AND enter the net
tax liability in
boxes...
A–G
M–S

If you are reporting more than one type of tax on
lines 1 and 2:
1. Add the net tax liability for each tax for each
semimonthly period, and
2. Enter the total in the applicable box.

Schedule C. Claims

Complete all information requested for each line, including
month income tax year ends and period of claim. Enter the
month as “MM.” Enter the period of claim as “MM/DD/YYYY –
MM/DD/YYYY.” Your claim will be disallowed if you don't
follow the required procedures or don't provide all the
required information. Also, you are certifying to the applicable
statement(s) on Schedule C when you make a claim. See
Pub. 510 for more information.

Additional rules. Report communications and air
transportation taxes based on:
• Actual collections on line 1, or
• Amounts billed or tickets sold on line 2. The amount of tax
to report for a semimonthly period is the net amount that is
considered collected during that period.
Example. Under the alternative method, the amounts
billed for communications services from June 1–15, 2020,
are considered collected during the period July 1–7, 2020,

-12-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

You must include in gross income (income tax return)
the amount from line 4 of Form 720 if you took a
CAUTION deduction on the income tax return that included the
amount of the taxes and that deduction reduced the income
tax liability. See Pub. 510 for more information.

Claim requirements for lines 1–6 and lines 14b–14d.
The following requirements must be met.
1. The amount of the claim must be at least $750
(combining amounts on lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 14b, 14c, and
14d). This amount may be met by:
a. Making a claim for fuel used during any quarter of a
claimant's income tax year, or
b. Aggregating amounts from any quarters of the
claimant's income tax year for which no other claim has been
made.
2. Claims must be filed during the first quarter following
the last quarter of the claimant's income tax year included in
the claim. For example, a calendar year income taxpayer's
claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if filed on Form 8849.
However, Form 720 must be filed by April 30.
3. Only one claim may be filed for any quarter.
4. The fuel must have been used for a nontaxable use
during the period of claim.
5. The ultimate purchaser is the only person eligible to
make the claim.

!

Don't use Schedule C:

• If you aren't reporting a liability on Form 720, Part I or Part

II;

• For amounts you will claim or have claimed on Form 4136,
Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels, or as a refund on Form
8849, Claim for Refund of Excise Taxes, and its separate
schedules;
• To make adjustments to liability reported on Forms 720
filed for prior quarters (instead use Form 720-X);
• If you are seeking a refund of the surtax on any liquid used
in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel (IRS No.
13), use Form 720-X; or
• To request an abatement or refund of interest under
section 6404(e) (due to IRS errors or delays) or an
abatement or refund of a penalty or addition to tax under
section 6404(f) (due to erroneous IRS written advice).
Instead, use Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for
Abatement. Also, use Form 843 to request refund of the
penalty under section 6715 for misuse of dyed fuel.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.
Exported taxable fuel. The claim rates for exported
taxable fuel are listed on lines 1b, 2c, 3e, and 4d, and in the
instructions for lines 14b and 14c. Taxpayers making a claim
for exported taxable fuel must include with their records proof
of exportation. Proof of exportation includes:
• A copy of the export bill of lading issued by the delivering
carrier,
• A certificate by the agent or representative of the export
carrier showing actual exportation of the fuel,
• A certificate of lading signed by a customs officer of the
foreign country to which the fuel is exported, or
• A statement of the foreign consignee showing receipt of
the fuel.

Type of Use Table

The following table lists the nontaxable uses of fuels. You
must enter the number from the table in the Type of use
column as required.
No.

Type of use

1

On a farm for farming purposes

2

Off-highway business use (for business use other than in
a highway vehicle registered or required to be registered
for highway use) (other than use in mobile machinery)

3

Export

4

In a boat engaged in commercial fishing

5

In certain intercity and local buses

6

In a qualified local bus

7

In a bus transporting students and employees of schools
(school buses)

8

For diesel and kerosene (other than kerosene used in
aviation) used other than as a fuel in the propulsion engine
of a train or diesel-powered highway vehicle (but not
off-highway business use)

9

In foreign trade

10

Certain helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft uses

11

Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization

12

In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that isn't
used on a highway

13

Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization

14

Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or
the District of Columbia

15

In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum;
used in commercial aviation during the excise tax holiday
period, March 28, 2020, through December 31, 2020

16

Line 1. Nontaxable Use of Gasoline
Allowable uses. The gasoline must have been used during
the period of claim for type of use 2, 4, 5, 7, or 12. For
exported gasoline, see Exported taxable fuel, earlier. Type of
use 2 doesn't include any personal use or use in a motorboat.

Line 2. Nontaxable Use of Aviation Gasoline
Allowable uses. For line 2b, the aviation gasoline must
have been used during the period of claim for type of use 9,
10, or 16. For exported aviation gasoline, see Exported
taxable fuel, earlier.
For line 2d, the aviation gasoline must have been used
during the period of claim for type of use 9. This claim is
made in addition to the claim made on line 2b for type of
use 9.

Line 3. Nontaxable Use of Undyed Diesel

!

CAUTION

Allowable uses. For line 3a, the diesel must have been
used during the period of claim for type of use 2, 6, 7, 8, or
12. For exported undyed diesel, see Exported taxable fuel,
earlier. Type of use 2 doesn't include any personal use or use

In military aircraft

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Ultimate purchasers use line 3d to make claims for
diesel used on a farm for farming purposes.

-13-

in a motorboat. Type of use 8 includes use as heating oil and
use in a motorboat.

Line 4. Nontaxable Use of Undyed Kerosene
(Other Than Kerosene Used in Aviation)
Allowable uses. For line 4a, the kerosene must have been
used during the period of claim for type of use 2, 6, 7, 8, or
12. For exported undyed kerosene, see Exported taxable
fuel, earlier. Type of use 2 doesn't include any personal use
or use in a motorboat. Type of use 8 includes use as heating
oil and use in a motorboat.
For lines 4e and 4f, the kerosene must have been used
during the period of claim for type of use 2.

Line number

Claim rate: Type of use 5

6a

$0.109*

6b

0.110

6c

0.109**

6d

0.110

6e

0.17

6f

0.17

6g

0.169***

6h

0.110

* This is the claim rate per GGE (5.75 pounds or 1.353 gallons of LPG);
** This is the claim rate per GGE (5.66 pounds or 123.57 cubic feet of CNG);
*** This is the claim rate per DGE (6.06 pounds or 1.71 gallons of LNG)

Line 5. Kerosene Used in Aviation
For kerosene used in commercial aviation during the
excise tax holiday, March 28, 2020, through
CAUTION December 31, 2020, use type of use 15, on line 5c or
5d, depending on the tax rate paid.

Type of use 5 example. 10,000 gallons of LPG ÷ 1.353
= 7,391 GGE x $0.109 = $805.62 claim amount.

!

Information for Claims on Lines 7–11

Claimant. For lines 5a and 5b, the ultimate purchaser of
kerosene used in commercial aviation (other than foreign
trade) is eligible to make this claim. For lines 5c, 5d, and 5e,
the ultimate purchaser of kerosene used in noncommercial
aviation (except for nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and
exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the
District of Columbia) is eligible to make this claim. Claimant
certifies that the right to make the claim hasn't been waived.

Registration number. To make an ultimate vendor claim on
lines 7–11, you must be registered. Enter your registration
number, including the prefix (for prefixes, see the Instructions
for Form 637, Application for Registration), on the applicable
line for your claim. If you aren't registered, use Form 637 to
apply for a registration number.
Required certificates or waivers. The required certificates
or waivers for lines 7–11 are listed in the line instructions and
are available in Pub. 510.

Allowable uses. For lines 5a and 5b, the kerosene must
have been used during the period of claim in commercial
aviation. If the claimant buys kerosene partly for use in
commercial aviation and partly for use in noncommercial
aviation, see the rules in Notice 2005-80, section 3(e)(3).
For lines 5c and 5d, the kerosene must have been used
during the period of claim for type of use 1, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15,
or 16.
For line 5e, the kerosene must have been used during the
period of claim for type of use 9. Claimant must attach a
statement explaining that the claim is for relief provided by
the excise tax holiday. This claim is made in addition to the
claim made on lines 5c and 5d for type of use 9.

Line 7a. Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors
of Undyed Diesel
Claimant. For line 7a, the registered ultimate vendor of the
diesel is the only person eligible to make this claim and has
obtained the required certificate from the buyer and has no
reason to believe any information in the certificate is false.
See Model Certificate P in Pub. 510. Only one claim may be
filed for any gallon of diesel.
Allowable sales. The fuel must have been sold during the
period of claim for the exclusive use by a state or local
government (including essential government use by an
Indian tribal government).

Line 6. Nontaxable Use of Alternative Fuel
Claimant. The ultimate purchaser of the taxed alternative
fuel is the only person eligible to make this claim.

Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for diesel sold during a period that
is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $200. To
meet this minimum requirement, amounts from lines 7, 8, and
9 may be combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

Allowable uses. The alternative fuel must have been used
during the period of claim for type of use 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11,
13, 14, or 15.
Type of use 5. Write “Bus” in the space to the left of the
Type of use column. Enter the correct claim rate in the Rate
column. The claim rates for type of use 5 are listed below.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.
Registration number. Enter your UV registration number in
the space provided.

-14-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Information to be submitted. For claims on line 7a, attach
a separate sheet with the name and TIN of each
governmental unit to whom the diesel was sold and the
number of gallons sold to each.

filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

Line 7b. Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors
of Undyed Diesel for Use in Certain Intercity and
Local Buses

Registration number. Enter your UV or UP registration
number in the space provided.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.

Information to be submitted. For claims on line 8a, attach
a separate sheet with the name and TIN of each
governmental unit to whom the kerosene was sold and the
number of gallons sold to each.

Claimant. For line 7b, the registered ultimate vendor of the
diesel is eligible to make a claim only if the buyer waives his
or her right to make the claim by providing the registered
ultimate vendor with an unexpired waiver. See Model Waiver
N in Pub. 510. Only one claim may be filed for any gallon of
diesel.

Line 8c. Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors
of Undyed Kerosene for Use in Certain Intercity
and Local Buses

Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for diesel sold during a period that
is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $200. To
meet this minimum requirement, amounts from lines 7, 8, and
9 may be combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

Claimant. For line 8c, the registered ultimate vendor of the
kerosene is eligible to make a claim only if the buyer waives
his or her right to make the claim by providing the registered
ultimate vendor with an unexpired waiver. See Model Waiver
N in Pub. 510. Only one claim may be filed for any gallon of
kerosene.
Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for kerosene sold during a period
that is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $100. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 8 and 9 may be
combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.
Registration number. Enter your UB registration number in
the space provided.

Lines 8a and 8b. Sales by Registered Ultimate
Vendors of Undyed Kerosene (Other Than
Kerosene Sold for Use in Aviation)

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.

Claimant. For line 8a, the registered ultimate vendor of the
kerosene is the only person eligible to make this claim and
has obtained the required certificate from the buyer and has
no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false.
See Model Certificate P in Pub. 510. For line 8b, claimant has
a statement, if required, that contains the date of sale, name
and address of the buyer, and the number of gallons of
kerosene sold to the buyer. For lines 8a and 8b, only one
claim may be filed for any gallon of kerosene.

Registration number. Enter your UB registration number in
the space provided.

Lines 9a and 9b. Sales by Registered Ultimate
Vendors of Kerosene for Use in Commercial
Aviation (Other Than Foreign Trade)
For kerosene used in commercial aviation during the
excise tax holiday, March 28, 2020, through
CAUTION December 31, 2020, use type of use 15, on line 9d or
9e, depending on the tax rate paid, as described below in the
instructions for lines 9c, 9d, 9e, and 9f.

!

Allowable sales. The fuel must have been sold during the
period of claim:
• For line 8a, use by a state or local government (including
essential government use by an Indian tribal government), or
• For line 8b, from a blocked pump.

Claimant. The registered ultimate vendor of the kerosene
sold for use in commercial aviation is eligible to make this
claim only if the buyer waives his or her right by providing the
registered ultimate vendor with an unexpired waiver. See
Model Waiver L in Pub. 510. Only one claim may be filed for
any gallon of kerosene sold for use in commercial aviation.

Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for kerosene sold during a period
that is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $100. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 8 and 9 may be
combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Allowable sales. The kerosene sold for use in commercial
aviation must have been sold during the period of claim for
use in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade).
Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for kerosene sold for use in
commercial aviation during a period that is at least 1 week.
-15-

filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

2. The amount of the claim must be at least $100. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 8 and 9 may be
combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.
Registration number. Enter your UA (UV if type of use 14)
registration number in the space provided.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later.

Information to be submitted. For claims on lines 9d and
9e (type of use 14), attach a separate sheet with the name
and TIN of each governmental unit to whom the kerosene
was sold and the number of gallons sold to each.

Registration number. Enter your UA registration number in
the space provided.

Lines 10 and 11. Sales by Registered Ultimate
Vendors of Gasoline and Aviation Gasoline

Lines 9c, 9d, 9e, and 9f. Sales by Registered
Ultimate Vendors of Kerosene Sold for Use in
Noncommercial Aviation and for Use in
Commercial Aviation During the Excise Tax
Holiday

Claimant. The registered ultimate vendor of the gasoline or
aviation gasoline is eligible to make a claim on lines 10 and
11 if the buyer waives his or her right to make the claim by
providing the registered ultimate vendor with an unexpired
certificate. See Model Certificate M in Pub. 510. Only one
claim may be filed for any gallon of gasoline or aviation
gasoline.

For kerosene used in commercial aviation during the
excise tax holiday, March 28, 2020, through
CAUTION December 31, 2020, use line 9d or 9e, depending on
the tax rate paid. Claimant must attach a statement
explaining that the claim is for relief provided by the excise
tax holiday. The claimant information for lines 9a and 9b,
above, continues to apply.

Allowable sales. The gasoline or aviation gasoline must
have been sold during the period of claim for:
• Use by a nonprofit educational organization, or
• Use by a state or local government (including essential
government use by an Indian tribal government).

!

Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for gasoline or aviation gasoline
sold or used during a period that is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $200. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 10 and 11 may be
combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for January and February is due
June 30 if filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be
filed by April 30.

Claimant. For line 9c, the registered ultimate vendor of the
kerosene sold for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation
is the only person eligible to make this claim and has
obtained the required certificate from the ultimate purchaser.
See Model Certificate Q in Pub. 510. For lines 9d, 9e, and 9f,
the registered ultimate vendor of the kerosene sold for
nontaxable use in noncommercial aviation (foreign trade for
line 9f) is eligible to make this claim only if the buyer waives
his or her right to make the claim by providing the registered
ultimate vendor with an unexpired waiver. See Model Waiver
L in Pub. 510. For type of use 14, see Model Certificate P in
Pub. 510. Only one claim may be filed for any gallon of
kerosene sold for use in noncommercial aviation.

Registration number. Enter your UV registration number in
the space provided.

Allowable sales. For line 9c, the kerosene must have been
sold for a nonexempt use in noncommercial aviation. For
lines 9d and 9e, the kerosene sold for use in noncommercial
aviation must have been sold during the period of claim for
type of use 1, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, or 16.
For line 9f, the kerosene sold for use in noncommercial
aviation must have been sold during the period of claim for
type of use 9. This claim is made in addition to the claim
made on lines 9d and 9e for type of use 9.

Information to be submitted. For claims on lines 10 and
11, attach a separate sheet with the name and TIN of each
nonprofit educational organization or governmental unit to
whom the gasoline or aviation gasoline was sold and the
number of gallons sold to each.

Line 12. Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture
Credit

Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for kerosene sold for use in
noncommercial aviation during a period that is at least 1
week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $100. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 8 and 9 may be
combined.
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if

Claimant. The person that produced and sold or used the
mixture in their trade or business is the only person eligible to
make this claim. The credit is based on the gallons of
biodiesel or renewable diesel in the mixture.
How to claim the credit. Any biodiesel or renewable diesel
mixture credit must first be claimed on Schedule C to reduce
your taxable fuel liability reported on Form 720. Any excess
credit may be claimed on Form 720, Schedule C; Schedule 3
(Form 8849); Form 4136; or Form 8864, Biodiesel and
Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit. See Notice 2005-4 and item
4 below for more information.
-16-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

delivered it into the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle or
motorboat, (2) sold an alternative fuel, delivered it in bulk for
taxable use in a motor vehicle or motorboat, and received the
required statement from the buyer, (3) used an alternative
fuel (not sold at retail or in bulk as previously described) in a
motor vehicle or motorboat, or (4) sold an alternative fuel for
use as a fuel in aviation is the only person eligible to make
this claim.
For the alternative fuel mixture credit, the registered
alternative fueler that produced and sold or used the mixture
as a fuel in their trade or business is the only person eligible
to make this claim. The credit is based on the gallons of
alternative fuel in the mixture.

Coordination with income tax credit. Only one credit may
be taken for any amount of biodiesel or renewable diesel. If
any amount is claimed (or will be claimed) for any amount of
biodiesel or renewable diesel on Form 720, Form 8849, or
Form 4136, then a claim cannot be made on Form 8864 for
that amount of biodiesel or renewable diesel.
Claim requirements. The biodiesel mixture credit may not
be claimed for biodiesel produced outside the United States
for use as a fuel outside the United States. The United States
includes any possession of the United States.
Requirements 1 and 2 must be met only if the credit
exceeds the amount of taxable fuel liability reported.
Requirements 3 and 4 must be met for all claims.
1. The claim must be for a biodiesel or renewable diesel
mixture sold or used during a period that is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $200. To
meet this minimum, amounts from lines 13 and 14 may be
combined.
3. The biodiesel used to produce the biodiesel mixture
must meet ASTM D6751 and meet the Environmental
Protection Agency’s (EPA) registration requirements for fuels
and fuel additives under section 211 of the Clean Air Act. The
renewable diesel used to produce the renewable diesel
mixture must be derived from biomass, meet ASTM D975,
D396, or other equivalent standard approved by the IRS, and
meet EPA’s registration requirements for fuels and fuel
additives under section 211 of the Clean Air Act. Renewable
diesel also includes fuel derived from biomass that meets a
Department of Defense specification for military jet fuel or an
ASTM specification for aviation turbine fuel. For a renewable
diesel mixture used in aviation, kerosene is treated as if it is
diesel fuel.
4. The Certificate for Biodiesel and, if applicable,
Statement of Biodiesel Reseller must be attached to the first
claim filed that is supported by the certificate or statement.
For the renewable diesel mixture credit, you must edit the
certificate and, if applicable, statement to indicate that the
fuel to which the certificate and statement relate is renewable
diesel and state that the renewable diesel meets the
requirements discussed above under requirement 3. See
Model Certificate O and Model Statement S in Pub. 510. If
the certificate and statement are not attached to Form 720
because they are attached to a previously filed claim on
Schedule 3 (Form 8849), attach a separate statement with
the following information.
a. Certificate identification number.
b. Total gallons of biodiesel or renewable diesel on
certificate.
c. Total gallons claimed on Schedule 3 (Form 8849).
d. Total gallons claimed on Schedule C (Form 720),
line 12.

Carbon capture requirement. A credit for Fischer-Tropsch
process liquid fuel derived from coal (including peat) can be
claimed only if the fuel is derived from coal produced at a
gasification facility that separates and sequesters at least
75% of the facility's total carbon dioxide emissions.
How to claim the credit. Any alternative fuel credit must
first be claimed on Form 720, Schedule C, to reduce your
section 4041 taxable fuel liability for alternative fuel and CNG
reported on Form 720. Any excess credit may be claimed on
Form 720, Schedule C; Schedule 3 (Form 8849); or Form
4136.
For alternative fuel mixtures produced after December 31,
2011, the alternative fuel mixture credit can be claimed only
on Form 720, Schedule C, not on Form 4136, or Schedule 3
(Form 8849), and only to the extent of your section 4081
taxable fuel liability for gasoline, diesel, and kerosene.
For claims made on or after January 8, 2018, "alternative
fuel mixture" means a mixture of taxable fuel and alternative
fuel other than liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), compressed
natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), liquefied gas
derived from biomass, and compressed gas derived from
biomass.
Calculate the limitation for alternative fuel mixtures
separately and enter on line 13 only the gallons of mixtures
that do not exceed your section 4081 taxable fuel liability for
gasoline, diesel, and kerosene.
Claim requirements. The alternative fuel credit and
alternative fuel mixture credit may not be claimed for
alternative fuel produced outside the United States for use as
a fuel outside the United States. The United States includes
any possession of the United States. To claim either credit,
you must be registered by the IRS.
Registration number. You must enter your registration
number in the space provided.
Form 720-X. If you are not registered, you cannot make a
claim at this time. Use Form 637 to apply for registration.
After you are registered by the IRS, file Form 720-X to claim
the credit for this period.

Annual Claims

If requirements 1 and 2 above are not met, see Annual
Claims later.

If a claim on lines 1–9, 13–14, or 15b–15e was not made for
any gallons, an annual claim may be made (exception:
alternative fuel mixtures produced after December 31, 2011).
Generally, an annual claim is made on Form 4136 for the
income tax year during which the fuel was used by the
ultimate purchaser, sold by the registered ultimate vendor,
used to produce a mixture, or used in mobile machinery. See
Form 4136 for more information.

Registration number. If you are a registered blender or a
taxable fuel registrant, enter your registration number on
line 12.

Line 13. Alternative Fuel Credit and Alternative
Fuel Mixture Credit
Claimant. For the alternative fuel credit, the registered
alternative fueler who (1) sold an alternative fuel at retail and
Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Claim rates.
• CNG has a claim rate (or GGE) of 121 cubic feet.
-17-

• For gasoline or aviation gasoline, for the exclusive use by
a state or local government (including essential government
use by an Indian tribal government) or for the exclusive use
of a nonprofit educational organization; or
• For diesel, kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation, for
the exclusive use by a state or local government (including
essential government use by an Indian tribal government).

• LNG has a claim rate (or DGE) of 6.06 pounds or 1.71
gallons of LNG.
Example. 10,000 gallons of LPG ÷ 1.353 gallons = 7,391
GGE x $0.50 = $3,695.50 claim amount.

Line 14. Other Claims

For claims under section 6416(b)(2) relating to certain uses
and resales of certain articles subject to manufacturer or
retailer excise taxes, claimant certifies that it sold the article
at a tax-excluded price, repaid the amount of tax to the
ultimate vendor, or has obtained the written consent of the
ultimate vendor to make the claim; and has the required
supporting information.

Claimant. The registered credit card issuer is the only
person eligible to make this claim if the credit card issuer:
1. Is registered by the IRS;
2. Hasn't collected the amount of tax from the ultimate
purchaser or has obtained the written consent of the ultimate
purchaser to make the claim;
3. Certifies that it has repaid or agreed to repay the
amount of tax to the ultimate vendor, has obtained the written
consent of the ultimate vendor to make the claim, or has
otherwise made arrangements which directly or indirectly
provide the ultimate vendor with reimbursement of the tax;
and
4. Has in its possession an unexpired certificate from the
ultimate purchaser and has no reason to believe any of the
information in the certificate is false. See Model Certificate R
in Pub. 510.

Lines 14b and 14c. Exported Dyed Diesel,
Exported Dyed Kerosene, and Exported Gasoline
Blendstocks Taxed at $0.001
Claimant is required to have the name and address
of the person(s) who sold the fuel to the claimant, the
CAUTION dates of purchase, and if exported, the required proof
of export.

!

A claim may be made for dyed diesel or dyed kerosene
exported in a trade or business during the period of claim.
Claims for exported gasoline blendstocks taxed at $0.001
per gallon are made on line 14b. See Exported taxable fuel,
earlier. The claim rate for each fuel is $0.001 per gallon.

!

If any one of these conditions isn't met, the credit card
issuer must collect the tax from the ultimate purchaser and
only the ultimate purchaser can make the claim.
Claim requirements. The following requirements must be
met.
1. The claim must be for gasoline, aviation gasoline,
diesel, kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation sold during a
period that is at least 1 week.
2. The amount of the claim must be at least $200 ($100
for kerosene or kerosene for use in aviation).
3. Claims must be filed by the last day of the first quarter
following the earliest quarter of the claimant's income tax
year included in the claim. For example, a calendar year
income taxpayer's claim for the first quarter is due June 30 if
filed on Form 8849. However, Form 720 must be filed by April
30.
4. The claimant must enter its registration number on
line 14e, the amount of the claim, and the applicable CRN
(see Allowable sales, earlier). If the claim is for more than
one fuel, use the blank lines 14i–14k, or attach a separate
sheet listing the fuels, amount, and CRN.

Claims for exported gasoline blendstocks taxed at
$0.184 per gallon are made on line 1b.

CAUTION

Line 14d. Diesel-Water Emulsion
Generally, the claim rate for the nontaxable use of a
diesel-water emulsion taxed at $0.198 (credit reference
number (CRN) 309) is $0.197. The fuel must have been used
during the period of claim for type of use 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, or
12. For type of use 5, the claim rate is $0.124 (CRN 309). For
type of use 3 (exported), the claim rate is $0.198 (CRN 306)
and is reported on line 14d.
The claim rate for undyed diesel taxed at $0.244 (CRN
310) and used to produce a diesel-water emulsion is $0.046
per gallon of diesel so used (blender claims). The claimant
must attach a statement certifying that (a) the claimant
produced a diesel-water emulsion containing at least 14%
water; (b) the emulsion additive is registered by a U.S.
manufacturer with the EPA under the Clean Air Act, section
211 (as in effect on March 31, 2003); (c) the claimant used
undyed diesel taxed at $0.244 to produce the diesel-water
emulsion; and (d) the claimant sold or used the diesel-water
emulsion in the blender's trade or business. The blender
claimant must be registered by the IRS and must enter their
registration number on line 14d and enter the applicable
CRN.

If requirements 1–3 above aren't met, see Annual Claims,
later. However, annual claims can't be made for gasoline and
aviation gasoline.
Claim rates. The claim rates are shown below.

Claim requirements. See Claim requirements for lines 1–6
and lines 14b–14d, earlier.

Line 14e. Registered Credit Card Issuers
Allowable sales. The gasoline (CRN 362), aviation
gasoline (CRN 324), diesel (CRN 360), kerosene (CRN 346),
or kerosene for use in aviation (CRN 369) must have been
purchased with a credit card issued to the ultimate purchaser
during the period of claim:
-18-

CRN

Claim Rate

324

$0.193

346

0.243

360

0.243

362

0.183

369

0.218

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Annual Claims

Tax

CRN

If a claim on lines 1–9 or 14b–14e wasn’t made for any
gallons, an annual claim may be made (exception: alternative
fuel mixtures produced after December 31, 2011). Generally,
an annual claim is made on Form 4136 for the income tax
year during which the fuel was used by the ultimate
purchaser, sold by the registered ultimate vendor, used to
produce a mixture, or used in mobile machinery. See Form
4136 for more information.

Lines 14f–14h. Tire Credits

Reserved for Future Use

A credit or refund (without interest) is allowable on tax-paid
tires if the tires have been:
• Exported;
• Sold to a state or local government for its exclusive use;
• Sold to a nonprofit educational organization for its
exclusive use;
• Sold to a qualified blood collector organization for its
exclusive use in connection with a vehicle the organization
certifies will be primarily used in the collection, storage, or
transportation of blood;
• Used or sold for use as supplies for vessels; or
• Sold in connection with qualified intercity, local, or school
buses.

Sport fishing equipment

341

Fishing rods and fishing poles

308

Fishing tackle boxes

387

Electric outboard motors

342

Bows, quivers, broadheads, and points

344

Arrow shafts

389

349

Truck, trailer, and semitrailer chassis and bodies, and
tractors

383

Passenger vehicles (luxury tax)

392

Gas guzzler automobiles

340

Vaccines

397

How can you learn about your taxpayer rights? The
Taxpayer Bill of Rights describes 10 basic rights that all
taxpayers have when dealing with the IRS. Go to
TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov to help you understand what
these rights mean to you and how they apply. These are
your rights. Know them. Use them.
What can TAS do for you? TAS can help you resolve
problems that you can't resolve with the IRS. And their
service is free. If you qualify for their assistance, you will be
assigned to one advocate who will work with you throughout
the process and will do everything possible to resolve your
issue. TAS can help you if:
• Your problem is causing financial difficulty for you, your
family, or your business;
• You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat
of adverse action; or
• You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has
responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date
promised.

Claim requirement. Generally, the claim must be filed
within 3 years from the time the return was filed or 2 years
from the time the tax was paid, whichever is later.

Lines 14i–14k. Other Claims
Don't use lines 14i–14k to make communications tax
claims for nontaxable service. See Communications
Taxes, earlier.

Use lines 14i–14k for claims relating to taxes listed in the
table below. See Pub. 510 for information on allowable
claims relating to these taxes. If you need additional space,
attach other sheet(s). You must include the following
information for each claim.
• A detailed description of the claim.
• Any additional information required by the regulations.
• The amount of the claim.
• How you figured the claim amount.
• Any other information to support the claim.

How can you reach TAS? TAS has offices in every state,
the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Your local
advocate's number is in your local directory and at
TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov/Contact-Us. You can also call
them at 877-777-4778.
How else does TAS help taxpayers? TAS works to
resolve large-scale problems that affect many taxpayers. If
you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to
them at IRS.gov/SAMS. TAS also has a website, Tax Reform
Changes, which shows you how the new tax law may change
your future tax filings and helps you plan for these changes.
The information is categorized by tax topic in the order of the
IRS Form 1040 or 1040-SR. Go to TaxChanges.us for more
information.

Claim requirement. Generally, the claim must be filed
within 3 years from the time the return was filed or 2 years
from the time the tax was paid, whichever is later.

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Oil spill liability

What Is TAS? TAS is an independent organization within
the IRS that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights.
Their job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and
that you know and understand your rights under the
Taxpayer Bill of Rights.

The person who paid the tax is eligible to make the claim
and must include:
• A detailed description of the claim,
• Any additional information required by the regulations,
• How you figured the claim amount,
• Any other information to support the claim, and
• The number of tires claimed for each credit reference
number.

!

398

The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS)
Is Here To Help You

Also, a credit or refund (without interest) is allowable on
tax-paid tires sold by any person on, or in connection with,
any other article that is sold or used in an activity listed
above.

CAUTION

Ozone-depleting chemicals (ODCs)

-19-

Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We
ask for the information on these forms in order to carry out
the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. We need it to
figure and collect the right amount of tax. Miscellaneous
excise taxes are imposed under Subtitle D of the Internal
Revenue Code. These forms are used to determine the
amount of tax that you owe. Section 6011 requires you to
provide the requested information. Section 6109 requires you
to provide your identifying number. Routine uses of this
information include giving it to the Department of Justice for
civil and criminal litigation, and to cities, states, the District of
Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths and possessions for
use in administering their tax laws. We also may disclose this
information to other countries under a tax treaty, to federal
and state agencies to enforce federal nontax criminal laws, or
to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to
combat terrorism. Failure to provide this information in a
timely manner or providing false or fraudulent information
may subject you to penalties.

Form

Recordkeeping

Learning about
the law or
the form

Preparing,
copying,
assembling, and
sending the
form to the IRS

720

8 hr., 59 min.

1 hr., 5 min.

2 hr., 3 min.

720-X

6 hr., 13 min.

0 hr., 18 min.

0 hr., 24 min.

Comments and suggestions. We welcome your comments
about this publication and your suggestions for future
editions. You can send us comments from IRS.gov/
Comment_on_Tax_Forms,_Pubs. Or you can write to:
Internal Revenue Service
Tax Forms and Publications
1111 Constitution Ave. NW
IR-6526
Washington, DC 20224
We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would
be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number,
including the area code, in your correspondence. Although
we can't respond individually to each comment received, we
do appreciate your feedback and will consider your
comments as we revise our tax products.

You aren't required to provide the information requested
on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act
unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books
or records relating to a form or its instructions must be
retained as long as their contents may become material in
the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally,
tax returns and return information are confidential, as
required by section 6103.

Ordering forms and publications. Visit IRS.gov/
Formspubs to download forms and publications. Otherwise,
you can go to IRS.gov/Orderforms to order forms.

The time needed to complete and file these forms and
related schedules will vary depending on individual
circumstances. The estimated average times are:

-20-

Instructions for Form 720 (Rev. 4-2020)

Index
A
Address, Name and 3
Air transportation:
Uncollected tax report 4
Air transportation taxes 4
Alternative fuel 6
Amount to deposit 11
Arrow shafts 9
B
Biodiesel sold as but not used as
fuel 10
Bows, quivers, broadheads, and
points 9
C
Claims (Schedule C) 12
Coal 8
Communications:
Uncollected tax report 4
Communications taxes 4
D
Deposits, How to make 11
Diesel 5
Diesel-water emulsion 5
E
Electric outboard motors 9
Employer identification number 3
Environmental taxes 4
Excise Tax Holiday 1
Exported taxable fuel 13
F
Final return 2
Fishing rods and fishing poles 9
Fishing tackle boxes 9
Floor stocks 10
Foreign insurance policies 7
Form 6197 8
Form 6627 4

Form 720-V 10
Fuel taxes 5

Payment of taxes 10
Payment voucher 10
Penalties and interest 2

G
Gas guzzler automobiles:
One-time filing 8
Gasoline 6

R
Recordkeeping 2
Retail tax 7

H
Help, additional 3
How to file:
Zero tax 2
I
Indoor tanning services 9
Inland waterways fuel use tax 10
Interest, Penalties and 2
K
Kerosene 5
Kerosene for use in aviation 5
M
Manufacturers taxes 8
N
Name and address 3
O
Obligations not in registered form 7
ODCs 4, 10
Oil spill liability tax 4
One-time filing 8
Other fuels, tax rates 5
Ozone-depleting chemicals
(ODCs) 4
P
Patient-centered outcomes research
fee 8

-21-

S
Schedule A (Excise Tax Liability) 12
Schedule C (Claims) 12–19
Schedule T (Two-Party Exchange
Information Reporting) 12
Section 40 fuels 10
Ship passenger tax 7
Sport fishing equipment 9
T
Tanning services, Indoor 9
Taxable tires 8
Taxes, Payment of 10
Third Party Designee 3
Tire credit, Section 4051(d) 7
Tires, taxable 8
Transportation by water 7
Trucks, trailers, tractors 7
Two-Party Exchange Information
Reporting 12
U
Uncollected tax report 4
V
Vaccines 8
W
When to deposit 11
When to file 2
Where to file 2


File Typeapplication/pdf
File TitleInstructions for Form 720 (Rev. April 2020)
SubjectInstructions for Form 720, Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return
AuthorW:CAR:MP:FP
File Modified2020-09-15
File Created2020-09-11

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