NCCC Impact Study Authorizing Citation 1

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NCCC Impact Studies

NCCC Impact Study Authorizing Citation 1

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§ 12613

TITLE 42—THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

in Corps housing during the periods of the members’
agreed service.’’
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–82, § 402(b)(2), substituted ‘‘Corporation’’ for ‘‘Commission on National
and Community Service’’.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–13 effective Oct. 1, 2009,
see section 6101(a) of Pub. L. 111–13, set out as a note
under section 4950 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 402(b)(2) of Pub. L. 103–82 effective Oct. 1, 1993, see section 406(a) of Pub. L. 103–82,
set out as a note under section 5061 of this title.
REPORT AND STUDY REQUIREMENTS
Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1092(b), Oct. 23, 1992,
106 Stat. 2534, as amended by Pub. L. 103–82, title I,
§ 104(e)(1)(B), (C), title IV, § 402(a)(1), Sept. 21, 1993, 107
Stat. 846, 918, related to a progress report to be submitted to the appropriate committees of Congress assessing the activities undertaken in establishing and administering Civilian Community Corps camps and analyzing the level of coordination of Corps activities with
activities of other departments or agencies of the Federal Government and a report to be submitted to the
appropriate committees of Congress concerning the desirability and feasibility of establishing the Civilian
Community Corps as an independent agency of the Federal Government.
COORDINATION OF PROGRAMS
Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1093, Oct. 23, 1992, 106
Stat. 2534, as amended by Pub. L. 103–82, title I,
§ 104(e)(1)(B), title IV, § 402(a)(2), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat.
846, 918, provided that:
‘‘(a) COORDINATED ADMINISTRATION.—To the maximum extent practicable, the Chief of the National
Guard Bureau, the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service, and the Director of the Civilian Community Corps shall coordinate the National Guard
Youth Opportunities Program established pursuant to
section 1091 [of Pub. L. 102–484, 32 U.S.C. 501 note] and
the Civilian Community Corps Demonstration Program
established pursuant to the authorization contained in
section 152 of the National and Community Service Act
of 1990 [42 U.S.C. 12612] (as added by section 1092(a)).
‘‘(b) OBJECTIVES.—The officials referred to in subsection (a) shall ensure that—
‘‘(1) the programs referred to in subsection (a) are
conducted in such a manner in relationship to each
other that the public benefit of those programs is
maximized;
‘‘(2) to the maximum extent appropriate to meet
the needs of program participants, persons who complete participation in the National Guard Youth Opportunities Program and are eligible and apply to
participate in the Civilian Community Corps under
the Civilian Community Corps Demonstration Program are accepted for participation in that Program;
and
‘‘(3) the programs referred to in subsection (a) are
conducted simultaneously in competition with each
other in the same immediate area of the United
States only when the population of eligible participants in that area is sufficient to justify the simultaneous conduct of such programs in that area.’’

§ 12613. National service program
(a) In general
Under the national service program component of the National Civilian Community Corps
Program authorized by section 12612(a) of this
title, eligible young people shall work in teams
on National Civilian Community Corps projects.

Page 7712

(b) Eligible participants
A person shall be eligible for selection for the
national service program if the person—
(1) is, or will be, at least 18 years of age on
or before December 31 of the calendar year in
which the individual enrolls in the program,
but is not more than 24 years of age as of the
date the individual begins participating in the
program; and
(2) is a high school graduate or has not received a high school diploma or its equivalent.
(c) Diverse backgrounds of participants
In selecting persons for the national service
program, the Director shall endeavor to ensure
that participants are from economically, geographically, and ethnically diverse backgrounds.
The Director shall take appropriate steps, including through outreach and recruitment activities, to increase the percentage of participants in the program who are disadvantaged
youth to 50 percent of all participants by year
2012. The Director shall report to the authorizing committees biennially on such steps, any
challenges faced, and the annual participation
rates of disadvantaged youth in the program.
(d) Period of participation
Persons desiring to participate in the national
service program shall enter into an agreement
with the Director to participate in the Corps for
a period of not less than nine months and not
more than one year, as specified by the Director,
and may renew the agreement for not more than
one additional such period.
(Pub. L. 101–610, title I, § 153, formerly § 195B, as
added Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1092(a)(1),
Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2523; renumbered § 153 and
amended Pub. L. 103–82, title I, § 104(b), (e)(2)(A),
Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 840, 846; Pub. L. 111–13,
title I, § 1503, Apr. 21, 2009, 123 Stat. 1521.)
CODIFICATION
Section was formerly classified to section 12653b of
this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 103–82,
§ 104(b).
PRIOR PROVISIONS
A prior section 12613, Pub. L. 101–610, title I, § 162,
Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3158, related to training program
in skills to be employed in Peace Corps or VISTA, prior
to repeal by Pub. L. 103–82, § 104(a).
AMENDMENTS
2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1503(1), substituted
‘‘National Civilian Community Corps Program’’ for
‘‘Civilian Community Corps Demonstration Program’’
and ‘‘on National Civilian Community Corps’’ for ‘‘on
Civilian Community Corps’’.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1503(2), added par. (1)
and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: ‘‘is
at least 16 and not more than 24 years of age; and’’.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1503(3), substituted
‘‘backgrounds’’ for ‘‘backrounds’’ in heading and inserted at end ‘‘The Director shall take appropriate
steps, including through outreach and recruitment activities, to increase the percentage of participants in
the program who are disadvantaged youth to 50 percent
of all participants by year 2012. The Director shall report to the authorizing committees biennially on such
steps, any challenges faced, and the annual participation rates of disadvantaged youth in the program.’’
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1503(4), (5), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec.

Page 7713

TITLE 42—THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

(d). Text of former subsec. (d) read as follows: ‘‘To the
extent practicable, at least 50 percent of the participants in the national service program shall be economically disadvantaged youths.’’
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–82, § 104(e)(2)(A), substituted ‘‘section 12612(a)’’ for ‘‘section 12653a(a)’’.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–13 effective Oct. 1, 2009,
see section 6101(a) of Pub. L. 111–13, set out as a note
under section 4950 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82 effective Oct. 1, 1993,
see section 123 of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as a note under
section 1701 of Title 16, Conservation.

§ 12614. Summer national service program
(a) In general
Under the summer national service program of
the National Civilian Community Corps Program authorized by section 12612(a) of this title,
a diverse group of youth aged 14 through 18
years who are from urban or rural areas shall
work in teams on National Civilian Community
Corps projects.
(b) Necessary participants
To the extent practicable, at least 50 percent
of the participants in the summer national service program shall be from economically and ethnically diverse backgrounds, including youth
who are in foster care.
(c) Seasonal program
The training and service of Corps members
under the summer national service program in
each year shall be conducted after April 30 and
before October 1 of that year.
(Pub. L. 101–610, title I, § 154, formerly § 195C, as
added Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1092(a)(1),
Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2524; renumbered § 154 and
amended Pub. L. 103–82, title I, § 104(b), (e)(2)(B),
Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 840, 847; Pub. L. 111–13,
title I, § 1504, Apr. 21, 2009, 123 Stat. 1522.)
CODIFICATION
Section was formerly classified to section 12653c of
this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 103–82,
§ 104(b).
PRIOR PROVISIONS
A prior section 12614, Pub. L. 101–610, title I, § 163,
Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3158; Pub. L. 102–384, § 7(b), Oct.
5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1456, related to higher education benefits for those selected for Peace Corps or VISTA demonstration programs, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–82,
§ 104(a).
AMENDMENTS
2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1504(1), substituted
‘‘National Civilian Community Corps Program’’ for
‘‘Civilian Community Corps Demonstration Program’’
and ‘‘on National Civilian Community Corps’’ for ‘‘on
Civilian Community Corps’’.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–13, § 1504(2), substituted ‘‘shall
be from economically and ethnically diverse backgrounds, including youth who are in foster care.’’ for
‘‘shall be economically disadvantaged youths.’’
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–82, § 104(e)(2)(B), substituted ‘‘section 12612(a)’’ for ‘‘section 12653a(a)’’.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–13 effective Oct. 1, 2009,
see section 6101(a) of Pub. L. 111–13, set out as a note
under section 4950 of this title.

§ 12615

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82 effective Oct. 1, 1993,
see section 123 of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as a note under
section 1701 of Title 16, Conservation.

§ 12615. National Civilian Community Corps
(a) Director
Upon the establishment of the National Civilian Community Corps Program, the National Civilian Community Corps shall be under the direction of the Director appointed pursuant to
section 12619(c)(1) of this title.
(b) Membership in National Civilian Community
Corps
(1) Participants to be members
Persons selected to participate in the national service program or the summer national service program components of the Program shall become members of the National
Civilian Community Corps.
(2) Selection of members
The Director or the Director’s designee shall
select individuals for membership in the
Corps.
(3) Application for membership
To be selected to become a Corps member an
individual shall submit an application to the
Director or to any other office as the Director
may designate, at such time, in such manner,
and containing such information as the Director shall require. At a minimum, the application shall contain information about the work
experience of the applicant and sufficient information to enable the Director, or the campus director of the appropriate campus, to determine whether selection of the applicant for
membership in the Corps is appropriate.
(4) Team leaders
(A) In general
The Director may select individuals with
prior supervisory or service experience to be
team leaders within units in the National
Civilian Community Corps, to perform service that includes leading and supervising
teams of Corps members. Each team leader
shall be selected without regard to the age
limitation under section 12613(b) of this
title.
(B) Rights and benefits
A team leader shall be provided the same
rights and benefits applicable to other Corps
members, except that the Director may increase the limitation on the amount of the
living allowance under section 12618(b) of
this title by not more than 10 percent for a
team leader.
(c) Organization of Corps into units
(1) Units
The Corps shall be divided into permanent
units. Each Corps member shall be assigned to
a unit.
(2) Unit leaders
The leader of each unit shall be selected
from among persons in the permanent cadre
established pursuant to section 12619(c)(2) of


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