UNDER THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT
The NLRA guarantees the right of employees to organize and bargain collectively with their employers, and to engage in
other protected concerted activity. Employees covered by the NLRA* are protected from certain types of employer and
union misconduct. This Notice gives you general information about your rights, and about the obligations of employers
and unions under the NLRA. Contact the National Labor Relations Board, the Federal agency that investigates and
resolves complaints under the NLRA, using the contact information supplied below, if you have any questions about
specific rights that may apply in your particular workplace.
Under the NLRA, you have the right to:
• Organize a union to negotiate with your employer concerning your wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of
• Form, join or assist a union.
• Bargain collectively through representatives of employees’ own choosing for a contract with your employer setting your
wages, benefits, hours, and other working conditions.
• Discuss your terms and conditions of employment or union organizing with your co-workers or a union.
• Take action with one or more co-workers to improve your working conditions by, among other means, raising work-related
complaints directly with your employer or with a government agency, and seeking help from a union.
• Strike and picket, depending on the purpose or means of the strike or the picketing.
• Choose not to do any of these activities, including joining or remaining a member of a union.
Under the NLRA, it is illegal for your employer to:
• Prohibit you from soliciting for a union during non-work time,
such as before or after work or during break times; or from
distributing union literature during non-work time, in non-work
areas, such as parking lots or break rooms.
• Question you about your union support or activities in a
manner that discourages you from engaging in that
• Fire, demote, or transfer you, or reduce your hours or
change your shift, or otherwise take adverse action against
you, or threaten to take any of these actions, because you
join or support a union, or because you engage in concerted
activity for mutual aid and protection, or because you choose
not to engage in any such activity.
• Threaten to close your workplace if workers choose a
union to represent them.
• Promise or grant promotions, pay raises, or other benefits
to discourage or encourage union support.
• Prohibit you from wearing union hats, buttons, t-shirts, and
pins in the workplace except under special circumstances.
• Spy on or videotape peaceful union activities and
gatherings or pretend to do so.
Under the NLRA, it is illegal for a union or for the union
that represents you in bargaining with your employer
• Threaten you that you will lose your job unless you
support the union.
• Refuse to process a grievance because you have
criticized union officials or because you are not a member
of the union.
• Use or maintain discriminatory standards or procedures in
making job referrals from a hiring hall.
• Cause or attempt to cause an employer to discriminate
against you because of your union-related activity.
• Take other adverse action against you based on whether
you have joined or support the union.
If you and your coworkers select a union to act as your
collective bargaining representative, your employer and the
union are required to bargain in good faith in a genuine
effort to reach a written, binding agreement setting your
terms and conditions of employment. The union is required
to fairly represent you in bargaining and enforcing the
Illegal conduct will not be permitted. If you believe your rights or the rights of others have been violated, you should
contact the NLRB promptly to protect your rights, generally within six months of the unlawful activity. You may inquire about
possible violations without your employer or anyone else being informed of the inquiry. Charges may be filed by any person
and need not be filed by the employee directly affected by the violation. The NLRB may order an employer to rehire a
worker fired in violation of the law and to pay lost wages and benefits, and may order an employer or union to cease violating
the law. Employees should seek assistance from the nearest regional NLRB office, which can be found on the Agency’s
You can also contact the NLRB by calling toll-free: 1-844-762-NLRB (6572). Hearing impaired callers who wish to speak to an
NLRB representative should contact the Federal Relay Service by visiting its website at https://www.federalrelay.us/tty,
calling one of its toll free numbers, and asking its Communications Assistant to call the NLRB toll free number at 1-844-762NLRB (6572).
The National Labor Relations Act covers most private-sector employers. Excluded from coverage under the NLRA
are public-sector employees, agricultural and domestic workers, independent contractors, workers employed by a parent or
spouse, employees of air and rail carriers covered by the Railway Labor Act, and supervisors (although supervisors that
have been discriminated against for refusing to violate the NLRA may be covered).
This is an official Government Notice
and must not be defaced by anyone.
U.S. Department of Labor
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