1625-0038 Stat/A

CFR-2011-title46-vol7-chapI-subchapU.pdf

Plan Approval & Records for Tank, Passenger, Cargo & Miscellaneous Vessels, Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Nautical Schools, Oceanographic VSLS & Electrical Engineering

1625-0038 Stat/A

OMB: 1625-0038

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SUBCHAPTER U—OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS
PART 188—GENERAL PROVISIONS
Subpart 188.01—Authority and Purpose
Sec.
188.01–1 Purpose of regulations.
188.01–3 Scope of regulations.
188.01–7 Right of appeal.
188.01–15 OMB control numbers assigned
pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction
Act.

Subpart 188.05—Application
188.05–1 Vessels subject to requirements of
this subchapter.
188.05–2 Exemptions from inspection laws
for oceanographic research vessels and
terms and conditions which apply in lieu
thereof.
188.05–3 New vessels and existing vessels for
the purpose of application of regulations
in this subchapter.
188.05–5 Specific application noted in text.
188.05–7 Ocean or unlimited coastwise vessels on inland and Great Lakes routes.
188.05–10 Application to vessels on an international voyage.
188.05–33 Scientific personnel—interpretive
rulings.
188.05–35 Load lines—interpretive ruling.

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Subpart 188.10—Definitions of Terms Used
in This Subchapter
188.10–1
188.10–2
188.10–3
188.10–5
188.10–6
188.10–7
188.10–9
188.10–11
188.10–13
188.10–15
188.10–17
188.10–19
188.10–21
188.10–23
188.10–25
188.10–27
188.10–31
188.10–33
188.10–35
188.10–37
188.10–39
188.10–41
188.10–43
188.10–45
188.10–49
188.10–51
188.10–53

188.10–55
tion.
188.10–56
point
188.10–57
188.10–59
188.10–61
188.10–65
188.10–67
188.10–69
188.10–71
188.10–73
188.10–75
188.10–77

Officer in Charge, Marine InspecPilot boarding equipment and
of access.
Portable tank.
Recognized classification society.
Rivers.
Seagoing barge.
Scientific equipment.
Scientific laboratory.
Scientific personnel.
Ships’ stores and supplies.
Undocumented vessel.
Vessel.

Subpart 188.15—Equivalents
188.15–1 Conditions under which equivalents
may be used.
188.15–5 Design of vessels.

Subpart 188.20—General Marine
Engineering Requirements
188.20–1

Marine engineering details.

Subpart 188.25—General Electrical
Engineering Requirements
188.25–1

Electrical engineering details.

Subpart 188.27—Lifesaving Appliances and
Arrangements
188.27–1 Lifesaving appliances and arrangements.

Anniversary date.
Approved.
Approved container.
Barge.
Captain of the Port.
Chemical stores.
Chemical storeroom.
Chemistry laboratory.
Coast Guard District Commander.
Coastwise.
Combustible liquid.
Commandant.
Compressed gas.
Corrosive liquids.
Explosive.
Flammable liquid.
Great Lakes.
Headquarters.
International voyage.
Label.
Lakes, bays, and sounds.
Liquefied compressed gas.
Liquefied flammable gas.
Marine inspector or inspector.
Numbered vessel.
Ocean.
Oceanographic research vessel.

Subpart 188.35—American Bureau of
Shipping’s Standards
188.35–1
188.35–5

Standards to be used.
Where obtainable.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2113, 3306; Pub. L 103–
206, 107 Stat. 2439; 49 U.S.C. 5103, 5106; E.O.
12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277;
Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 188.01—Authority and
Purpose
§ 188.01–1 Purpose of regulations.
The purpose of the regulations in this
subchapter is to set forth uniform minimum requirements for oceanographic
research vessels designated in accordance with § 3.10–1 of this title and subject to Coast Guard inspection requirements. The regulations are necessary

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§ 188.01–3

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

to carry out the provisions of applicable laws governing inspection and certification of oceanographic research
vessels and have the force of law.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.01–3

Scope of regulations.

The regulations in this subchapter
contain requirements for materials, design, construction, equipment, lifesaving appliances and procedures, fire
protection, and fire prevention procedures, inspection and certification, and
special operational requirements for
oceanographic research vessels, including the handling, use, and control of
explosives and other dangerous articles
or substances.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.01–7

Right of appeal.

Any person directly affected by a decision or action taken under this subchapter, by or on behalf of the Coast
Guard, may appeal therefrom in accordance with subchapter 1.03 of this
chapter.
[CGD 88–033, 54 FR 50382, Dec. 6, 1989]

§ 188.01–15 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork
Reduction Act.

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(a) Purpose. This section collects and
displays the control numbers assigned
to information collection and recordkeeping requirements in this subchapter by the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (44
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The Coast Guard intends that this section comply with the

requirements of 44 U.S.C. 3507(f), which
requires that agencies display a current control number assigned by the
Director of the OMB for each approved
agency information collection requirement.
(b) Display.
46 CFR part or section where identified or described

Current
OMB control
No.

§ 189.40–3 .........................................................
§ 189.40–5 .........................................................
§ 196.15–7 .........................................................
§ 196.15–18 .......................................................

1625–0032
1625–0032
1625–0064
1625–0064

[CGD 88–072, 53 FR 34298, Sept. 6, 1988, as
amended by CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41828, Sept. 11,
1992; USCG–2004–18884, 69 FR 58351, Sept. 30,
2004]

Subpart 188.05—Application
§ 188.05–1 Vessels subject to requirements of this subchapter.
(a) This subchapter is applicable to
all U.S.-flag vessels indicated in Column 6 of Table 188.05–1(a) to the extent
prescribed by applicable laws and the
regulations in this subchapter, except
as follows:
(1) Any foreign vessel.
(2) Any vessel operating exclusively
on inland waters which are not navigable waters of the United States.
(3) Any vessel while laid up and dismantled and out of commission.
(4) With the exception of vessels of
the U.S. Maritime Administration, any
vessel with title vested in the United
States and which is used for public purposes.

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§ 188.05–1

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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§ 188.05–1

§ 188.05–1

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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§ 188.05–1

§ 188.05–1

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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§ 188.05–1

§ 188.05–1

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as amended at 42 FR 49027, Sept. 26, 1977; 43 FR 968,
Jan. 5, 1978; CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16, 1981; CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16, 1988; 53
FR 46871, Nov. 21, 1988; CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30664, July 26, 1990; USCG–1999–5040, 67 FR 34800, May
15, 2002; USCG–2008–1107, 74 FR 63664, Dec. 4, 2009]

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§ 188.05–1

Coast Guard, DHS

§ 188.05–10

§ 188.05–2 Exemptions from inspection
laws for oceanographic research
vessels and terms and conditions
which apply in lieu thereof.
(a) The oceanographic research vessel
shall comply with 49 CFR parts 171–179
whenever applicable, except to the extent as specifically provided otherwise
in this subchapter.
(b) In order not to inhibit the mission
of vessels subject to this subchapter,
the Coast Guard will not require plan
approval of design nor inspection of
scientific equipment except to the extent specifically provided otherwise in
this subchapter. However, it is the responsibility of the owner to have incorporated into the design and to maintain such equipment to applicable safety standards.

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[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981; CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16, 1988;
CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.05–3 New vessels and existing
vessels for the purpose of application of regulations in this subchapter.
(a) New vessels. In this application of
the regulations in this subchapter, a
new vessel is meant to be one, the construction of which is contracted for on
or after March 1, 1968, or the major alteration of a vessel is contracted for on
or after March 1, 1968, or the conversion of any vessel not previously inspected and certificated by the Coast
Guard which is contracted for on or
after March 1, 1968.
(b) Existing vessels. In the application
of the regulations in this subchapter an
existing vessel is meant to be one
which is holding a valid certificate of
inspection as an oceanographic research vessel on March 1, 1968.
(c) Other vessels. When it is desired to
have a vessel, which has been used in
trade or for recreational purposes, initially inspected and certificated as an
oceanographic research vessel on or
after March 1, 1968, such vessel shall be
subject to all the requirements governing a vessel contracted for on or
after March 1, 1968. However, if such
vessel has a current certificate of inspection as a passenger, tank, cargo, or
miscellaneous vessel, the Commandant
may authorize its inspection and cer-

tification under this subchapter as a
vessel contracted for prior to March 1,
1968, subject to those requirements necessitated by change in service.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981]

§ 188.05–5 Specific application noted in
text.
(a) At the beginning of the various
parts, subparts, and sections, a more
specific application is generally given
for the particular portion of the text
involved. This application sets forth
the types, sizes, or services or vessels
to which the text pertains, and in
many cases limits the application of
the text to vessels contracted for before or after a specific date. As used in
this subchapter, the term ‘‘vessels contracted for’’ includes not only the contracting for the construction of a vessel, but also the contracting for a material alteration to a vessel, the contracting for the conversion of a vessel
to an oceanographic research vessel,
and the changing of area of operation
of a vessel if such change increases or
modifies the general requirements for
the vessel or increases the hazards to
which it might be subjected.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981]

§ 188.05–7 Ocean or unlimited coastwise vessels on inland and Great
Lakes routes.
(a) Vessels inspected and certificated
for ocean or unlimited coastwise routes
shall be considered suitable for navigation insofar as the provisions of this
subchapter are concerned on any inland routes, including the Great Lakes.
§ 188.05–10 Application to vessels on
an international voyage.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(b), (c), and (d) of this section, the regulations in this subchapter that apply
to a vessel on an ‘‘international voyage’’ apply to a vessel that—
(1) Is mechanically propelled and of
at least 500 gross tons; and
(2) Is engaged on a voyage—
(i) From a country to which the
International Convention for Safety of
Life at Sea, 1974, (SOLAS 74) applies, to

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§ 188.05–33

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

a port outside that country or the reverse;
(ii) From any territory, including the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, all possessions of the United States, and all
lands held by the United States under
a protectorate or mandate, whose
international relations are the responsibility of a contracting SOLAS 74 government, or which is administered by
the United Nations, to a port outside
that territory or the reverse; or
(iii) Between the contiguous states of
the United States and the states of Hawaii or Alaska or between the states of
Hawaii and Alaska.
(b) The regulations that apply to a
vessel on an ‘‘international voyage’’ in
this subchapter do not apply to a vessel
that—
(1) Solely navigates the Great Lakes
and the St. Lawrence River as far east
as a straight line drawn from Cap des
Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island
and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the 63rd Meridian; or
(2) Is numbered in accordance with 46
U.S.C. Chapter 123.
(c) The Commandant or his authorized representative may exempt any
vessel on an international voyage from
the requirements of this subchapter if
the vessel—
(1) Makes a single international voyage in exceptional circumstances; and
(2) Meets safety requirements prescribed for the voyage by the Commandant.
(d) The Commandant or his authorized representative may exempt any
vessel from the construction requirements of this subchapter if the vessel
does not proceed more than 20 nautical
miles from the nearest land in the
course of its voyage.

(b) Scientific personnel on such vessels shall not be required to possess
seamen’s documents nor shall they be
required to sign shipping articles.

[CGD 72–131R, 38 FR 29320, Oct. 24, 1973, as
amended by CGD 80–123, 45 FR 64586, Sept. 30,
1980; CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30664, July 26, 1990;
CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996; CGD 95–
028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–5

§ 188.05–33 Scientific personnel—interpretive rulings.
(a) Scientific personnel on oceanographic research vessels are not considered to be seamen or passengers, but
are considered as ‘‘persons’’ when requirements are based on total persons
on board.

This term means an officer of the
Coast Guard designated as such by the
Commandant and who, under the superintendence and direction of the
Coast Guard District Commander,
gives immediate direction to Coast
Guard law enforcement activities within his assigned area. In addition, the

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981]

§ 188.05–35 Load
ruling.

lines—interpretive

(a) Certificated vessels shall be subject to the applicable provisions of the
Load Line Acts, and regulations in
Subchapter E (Load Lines) of this
chapter.

Subpart 188.10—Definition of
Terms Used in This Subchapter
§ 188.10–1

Anniversary date.

The term anniversary date means the
day and the month of each year, which
corresponds to the date of expiration of
the Certificate of Inspection.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 188.10–2

Approved.

This term means approved by the
Commandant unless otherwise stated.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968. Redesignated by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 188.10–3

Approved container.

This term means a container which is
properly labeled, marked and approved
by DOT for the commodity which it
contains.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16,
1988]

Barge.

This term means any non-self-propelled vessel.
§ 188.10–6

Captain of the Port.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 188.10–31

District Commander shall be the Captain of the Port with respect to remaining areas in his district not assigned to officers designated by the
Commandant as Captain of the Port.
§ 188.10–7 Chemical stores.
This term means those chemicals intended for use in the performance of
the vessel’s scientific activities and is
further defined in § 194.05–3.
§ 188.10–9 Chemical storeroom.
This term refers to any compartment
specifically constructed or modified for
the stowage of chemical stores and so
designated and identified.
§ 188.10–11 Chemistry laboratory.
This term includes any space in
which experiments are conducted or
chemicals are used for scientific purposes in conjunction with the research
mission of the vessel, and is so identified.
§ 188.10–13 Coast Guard District Commander.
This term means an officer of the
Coast Guard designated as such by the
Commandant to command all Coast
Guard activities within the officer’s
district, which include the inspections,
enforcement, and administration of
Subtitle II of Title 46, U.S. Code, Title
46 and Title 33 U.S. Code, and regulations issued under these statutes.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–15 Coastwise.
Under this designation shall be included all vessels normally navigating
the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of
Mexico 20 nautical miles or less offshore.
§ 188.10–17 Combustible liquid.
This term includes any liquid whose
flashpoint, as determined by an open
cup tester, is above 80 °F.

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§ 188.10–19 Commandant.
This term means the Commandant of
the Coast Guard.
§ 188.10–21 Compressed gas.
This term includes any material or
mixture having in the container an ab-

solute pressure exceeding 40 p.s.i. at 70
°F.; or regardless of the pressure at 70
°F., having an absolute pressure exceeding 104 p.s.i. at 130 °F.; or any liquid flammable material having a vapor
pressure exceeding 40 p.s.i. absolute at
100 °F. as determined by the Reid method covered by the American Society for
Testing Materials Method of Test for
Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products
(D–323). Compressed gases are discussed
in more detail in 49 CFR parts 171–179.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 188.10–23

Corrosive liquids.

(a) This term includes those acids, alkaline caustic liquids, and other corrosive liquids which, when in contact
with living tissues, will cause severe
damage of such tissues, by chemical action; or in case of leakage, will materially damage or destroy other freight by
chemical action, or are liable to cause
fire when in contact with organic matter or with certain chemicals.
(b) A corrosive substance may be:
(1) Solid, such as iodine; or,
(2) Liquid, such as acids, or caustic
soda solution; or,
(3) Gaseous, such as chlorine or sulfur dioxide.
§ 188.10–25

Explosive.

This term means a chemical compound or mixture, the primary purpose
of which is to function by explosion;
i.e., with substantially instantaneous
release of gas and heat. Explosives are
discussed in more detail in 49 CFR
parts 171–179.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 188.10–27

Flammable liquid.

This term includes any liquid whose
flashpoint, as determined by an open
cup tester, is 80 °F. or below.
§ 188.10–31

Great Lakes.

Under this designation shall be included all vessels navigating the Great
Lakes.

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§ 188.10–33
§ 188.10–33

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
Headquarters.

This term means the Office of the
Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, 2100
2nd St., SW., Stop 7000, Washington, DC
20593–7000.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 88–070, 53 FR 34538, Sept. 7,
1988; USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49240, Sept. 25,
2009]

§ 188.10–35

International voyage.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 80–123, 45 FR 64586, Sept. 30,
1980; CDG 90–008, 55 FR 30664, July 26, 1990]
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[CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16, 1988]

§ 188.10–39

Label.

This term means the label required
by 49 CFR part 172 to be affixed to con-

Lakes, bays, and sounds.

Under this designation shall be included all vessels navigating the
waters of any of the lakes, bays, or
sounds, other than the waters of the
Great Lakes.
§ 188.10–41

(a) This section describes those voyages which are considered to be ‘‘international voyages’’ for the purposes of
this subchapter.
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, the term ‘‘international voyage’’ as used in this subchapter shall have the same meaning
as that contained in Regulation 2(d),
Chapter I of the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, i.e.,
International voyage means a voyage
from a country to which the present
convention applies to a port outside
such country, or conversely.’’
(c) The International Convention for
Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, does not
apply to vessels ‘‘solely navigating the
Great Lakes of North America and the
River St. Lawrence as far east as a
straight line drawn from Cap de
Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island
and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the 63d Meridian.’’ Accordingly,
such vessels shall not be considered as
being on an ‘‘international voyage’’ for
the purpose of this subchapter.
(d) In addition, although voyages between the continental United States
and Hawaii or Alaska, and voyages between Hawaii and Alaska are not
‘‘international voyages’’ under the provisions of the International Convention
for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, such
voyages are similar in nature and shall
be considered as ‘‘international voyages’’ for the purposes of this subchapter.

§ 188.10–37

tainers of explosives or other hazardous materials.

Liquefied compressed gas.

This term means a gas which, under
the charged pressure, is partially liquid
at a temperature of 70 °F.
§ 188.10–43

Liquefied flammable gas.

This term means any flammable gas
having a Reid vapor pressure exceeding
40 p.s.i. which has been liquefied.
§ 188.10–45
tor.

Marine inspector or inspec-

These terms mean any person from
the civilian or military branch of the
Coast Guard assigned under the superintendence and direction of an Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection, or any
other person as may be designated for
the performance of duties with respect
to the inspections, enforcement, and
administration of Subtitle II of Title
46, U.S. Code, Title 46 and Title 33 U.S.
Code, and regulations issued under
these statutes.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–49 Numbered vessel.
This term means a vessel which is
numbered under the provisions of 46
U.S.C. Chapter 123.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–51 Ocean.
Under this designation shall be included all vessels navigating the
waters of any ocean, or the Gulf of
Mexico more than 20 nautical miles offshore.
§ 188.10–53 Oceanographic
research
vessel.
The term oceanographic research vessel
means a vessel that the Secretary finds
is being employed only in instruction
in oceanography or limnology, or both,
or
only
in
oceanographic
or

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§ 188.10–73

limnological research, including those
studies about the sea such as seismic,
gravity meter, and magnetic exploration and other marine geophysical or
geological surveys, atmospheric research, and biological research.

§ 188.10–65 Seagoing barge.
A seagoing barge is a nonself-propelled vessel of at least 100 gross tons
making voyages beyond the Boundary
Line (as defined in 46 CFR part 7).
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

§ 188.10–55 Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
This term means any person from the
civilian or military branch of the Coast
Guard designated as such by the Commandant and who, under the superintendence and direction of the Coast
Guard District Commander, is in
charge of an inspection zone for the
performance of duties with respect to
the inspections, enforcement, and administration of Subtitle II of Title 46,
U.S. Code, Title 46 and Title 33 U.S.
Code, and regulations issued under
these statutes.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–56 Pilot boarding equipment
and point of access.
(a) Pilot boarding equipment means a
pilot ladder, accomodation ladder,
pilot hoist, or combination of them as
required by this subchapter.
(b) Point of access means the place on
deck of a vessel where a person steps
onto or off of pilot boarding equipment.
[CGD 79–032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984]

§ 188.10–57

Portable tank.

This phrase means a container having a capacity greater than 110 gallons,
which is independent of the vessel’s
structure.
§ 188.10–59 Recognized
society.

classification

This term means the American Bureau of Shipping or other classification
society recognized by the Commandant.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 188.10–61

Rivers.

Under this designation shall be included all vessels whose navigation is
restricted to rivers and/or canals exclusively, and to such other waters as may
be so designated by the Coast Guard
District Commander.

§ 188.10–67 Scientific equipment.
This term means equipment installed
or carried on board an oceanographic
research vessel and not normally required for the operation of a vessel or
its machinery or for the navigation of
the vessel, and which is used primarily
in the gathering of scientific data or
samples or in processing, analyzing,
preserving, or storing such data or
samples.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981]

§ 188.10–69 Scientific laboratory.
This term means those spaces on
board an oceanographic research vessel
used primarily for scientific experimentation or research, and are so identified.
§ 188.10–71 Scientific personnel.
This term means those persons who
are aboard an oceanographic research
vessel solely for the purpose of engaging in scientific research, or in instructing, or receiving instruction, in
oceanography or limnology, and shall
not be considered seamen under the
provisions of Title 46, United States
Code.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51050, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 188.10–73 Ships’ stores and supplies.
This term means any article or substance which is used on board a vessel
subject to the appropriate portions of
part 147 of Subchapter N (Dangerous
Cargoes) of this chapter for the upkeep
and maintenance of the vessel; or for
the safety or comfort of the vessel, its
passengers or crew; or for the operation
or navigation of the vessel (except fuel
for its own machinery).
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16,
1988]

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§ 188.10–75

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 188.10–75 Undocumented vessel.
This term means any vessel which is
not required to have, and does not
have, a valid marine document issued
by the U.S. Coast Guard.
§ 188.10–77 Vessel.
Where the word ‘‘vessel’’ is used in
this subchapter, it shall be considered
to include all inspected and certificated oceanographic research vessels
as listed in Column 7 of Table 188.05–
1(a).
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981]

Subpart 188.15—Equivalents

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 188.15–1 Conditions
under
which
equivalents may be used.
(a) Where in this subchapter it is provided that a particular fitting, material, appliance, apparatus, or equipment, or type thereof, shall be fitted or
carried in a vessel, or that any particular provision shall be made or arrangement shall be adopted, the Commandant may accept in substitution
therefor any other fitting, material,
apparatus, or equipment, or type thereof, or any other arrangement: Provided,
That he shall have been satisfied by
suitable trials that the fitting, material, appliance, apparatus, or equipment, or type thereof, or the provision
or arrangement is at least as effective
as that specified in this subchapter.
(b) In any case where it is shown to
the satisfaction of the Commandant
that the use of any particular equipment, apparatus, or arrangement not
specifically required by law is unreasonable or impracticable, the Commandant may permit the use of alternate equipment, apparatus, or arrangement to such an extent and upon such
conditions as will insure, to his satisfaction, a degree of safety consistent
with the minimum standards set forth
in this subchapter.
§ 188.15–5 Design of vessels.
(a) In order not to inhibit design and
application the Commandant may accept vessels of unusual, unique, special,
or exotic design, both new and for conversion, after it is shown to his satis-

faction that such a vessel is at least as
safe as any vessel which meets the
standards required by this subchapter.

Subpart 188.20—General Marine
Engineering Requirements
§ 188.20–1 Marine engineering details.
(a) The marine engineering details
shall be in accordance with Subchapter
F (Marine Engineering) of this chapter.

Subpart 188.25—General Electrical Engineering Requirements
§ 188.25–1 Electrical engineering details.
(a) The electrical engineering details
shall be in accordance with subchapter
J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.

Subpart 188.27—Lifesaving
Appliances and Arrangements
§ 188.27–1 Lifesaving appliances and
arrangements.
All lifesaving appliances and arrangements shall be in accordance with
the requirements for special purpose
vessels in subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this
chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

Subpart 188.35—American Bureau
of Shipping’s Standards
§ 188.35–1 Standards to be used.
(a) Where in this subchapter an item,
or method of construction, or testing is
required to meet the standards established by the American Bureau of Shipping, the current standards in effect at
the time of construction of the vessel,
or otherwise as applicable, shall be
used.
(b) The current standards of other
recognized classification societies may
also be accepted upon approval by the
Commandant.
§ 188.35–5 Where obtainable.
(a) The standards established by the
American Bureau of Shipping are usually published annually and may be

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Coast Guard, DHS

Pt. 189

purchased from the American Bureau
of
Shipping,
ABS
Plaza,
16855
Northchase Drive, Houston, TX 77060.
(b) These standards may also be examined at the Office of the Commandant (CG–543), U.S. Coast Guard,
2100 2nd St. SW., Stop 7581, Washington, DC 20593–7581, or at the Office
of any Coast Guard District Commander or Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1113, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 88–070, 53 FR 34538, Sept. 7,
1988; 53 FR 37570, Sept. 27, 1988; 53 FR 44011,
Nov. 1, 1988; CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50469, Sept. 29,
1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50735, Sept. 27, 1996;
USCG–2000–7790, 65 FR 58465, Sept. 29, 2000;
USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49240, Sept. 25, 2009]

189.25–30
189.25–35
189.25–38
189.25–40
189.25–45
189.25–47
189.25–50

Subpart 189.27—Annual and Periodic
Inspections
189.27–1 Annual inspection.
189.27–5 Periodic inspection.
189.27–10 Certificate of Inspection: Conditions of validity.

Subpart 189.30—Inspection After Accident
189.30–1

Subpart 189.33—Sanitary Inspections

Subpart 189.01—Certificate of Inspection

Subpart 189.05—Permit To Proceed to
Another Port for Repair

189.35–1 Application.
189.35–3 Intent.
189.35–5 Tests.
189.35–7 Examinations.
189.35–9 Plans.
189.35–11 Special cases.
189.35–13 Master’s responsibility.
189.35–15 Major installations.
189.35–90 Weight handling gear
tured prior to March 1, 1968.

Subpart 189.15—Inspection of Vessels
189.15–1 Standards in inspection of hulls,
boilers, and machinery.
189.15–5 Alternate compliance.

189.40–1 Definitions relating to hull examinations.
189.40–3 Drydock
examination,
internal
structural examination, cargo tank internal examination, and underwater survey intervals.
189.40–5 Notice and plans required.

Subpart 189.43—Integral Fuel Oil Tank
Examinations

Subpart 189.20—Initial Inspection
Prerequisite of certificate of inspec-

189.43–1

When required.

Subpart 189.45—Repairs and Alterations

When made.
Plans.
Scope of inspection.
Specific tests and inspections.
Chemical and explosive hazards.

189.45–1
189.45–5

Notice required.
Inspection required.

Subpart 189.50—Special Operating
Requirements

Subpart 189.25—Inspection for Certification
189.25–1 Prerequisite of reissuance of certificate of inspection.
189.25–5 Application for a Certificate of Inspection.
189.25–10 Scope of inspection.
189.25–15 Lifesaving equipment.
189.25–20 Fire-extinguishing equipment.
189.25–25 Hull equipment.

189.50–1 Inspection and testing required
when making alterations, repairs, or
other such operations involving riveting,
welding, burning, or like fire-producing
actions.

Subpart 189.55—Plan Approval
189.55–1

General.

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Subpart 189.40—Drydocking

189.05–1 When issued.
189.05–5 To whom issued.
189.05–10 Conditions of permit.
189.05–15 Posting.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

When made.

Subpart 189.35—Weight Handling Gear

Sec.
189.01–1 When required.
189.01–5 Posting.
189.01–10 Period of validity for a Certificate
of Inspection.
189.01–15 Temporary certificate.

189.20–1
tion.
189.20–5
189.20–10
189.20–15
189.20–20
189.20–25

General or partial survey.

189.33–1

PART 189—INSPECTION AND
CERTIFICATION

Electrical engineering equipment.
Marine engineering equipment.
Pollution prevention.
Sanitary inspection.
Fire hazards.
Chemical and explosive hazards.
Inspector not limited.

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§ 189.01–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

189.55–5 Plans and specifications required
for new construction.
189.55–10 Plans required for alterations of
existing vessels.
189.55–15 Procedure for submittal of plans.
189.55–20 Number of plans required.

Subpart 189.60—Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life
at Sea, 1974
189.60–1 Application.
189.60–5 Cargo Ship Safety Construction
Certificate.
189.60–10 Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate.
189.60–15 Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate.
189.60–25 Exemption Certificate.
189.60–30 Safety Management Certificate.
189.60–35 Availability of Certificates.
189.60–40 Duration of Convention certificates.
189.60–45 American Bureau of Shipping.
AUTHORITY: 33 U.S.C. 1321(j); 46 U.S.C. 2113,
3306, 3307; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980
Comp., p. 277; E.O. 12777, 56 FR 54757, 3 CFR,
1991 Comp., p. 351; Department of Homeland
Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 189.01—Certificate of
Inspection
§ 189.01–1 When required.
(a) Except as noted in this subpart or
subpart 189.05 of this part, no vessel
subject to inspection and certification
shall be operated without a valid certificate of inspection.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.01–5 Posting.
(a) The original certificate of inspection shall, in general, be framed under
glass or other transparent material and
posted in a conspicuous place where it
will be most likely to be observed. On
other vessels such as barges, where the
framing of the certificate under glass
would be impracticable, the original
certificate of inspection shall be kept
on board to be shown on demand.
§ 189.01–10 Period of validity for a Certificate of Inspection.
(a) A Certificate of Inspection is
valid for 5 years. Application may be
made by the master, owner, or agent
for inspection and issuance of a new
certificate of inspection at any time

during the period of validity of the current certificate.
(b) Certificates of inspection may be
revoked or suspended by the Coast
Guard where such process is authorized
by law. This may occur if the vessel
does not meet the requirements of law
or regulations in this chapter or if
there is a failure to maintain the safety requirements requisite to the
issuance of a certificate of inspection.
(c)(1) In the case of the following vessels, modification of the period of validity of the certificate of inspection
will be permitted as set forth in this
paragraph:
(i) Non-self-propelled vessels of 100
gross tons and over proceeding on the
high seas or ocean for the sole purpose
of changing place of employment.
(ii) Non-self-propelled vessels of 100
gross tons and over making rare or infrequent voyages on the high seas or
ocean and returning to the port of departure.
(2) The certificate of inspection may
be issued for a specific period of time
to cover a described situation or for
one voyage only but not to exceed 5
years. The certificate of inspection will
include the conditions under which the
vessel must operate. Unless the vessel
is in compliance with this subchapter
insofar as it applies to seagoing barges
of 100 gross tons and over, such vessel
shall not carry any person on board
while underway, and the certificate of
inspection will be endorsed as an unmanned seagoing barge.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18911, Dec. 18,
1968; CGD 95–012, 60 FR 48052, Sept. 18, 1995; 60
FR 50120, Sept. 28, 1995; USCG–1999–4976, 65
FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.01–15

Temporary certificate.

(a) If necessary to prevent delay of
the vessel, a temporary certificate of
inspection, Form CG–854, shall be
issued pending the issuance and delivery of the regular certificate of inspection. Such temporary certificate shall
be carried in the same manner as the
regular certificate and shall in all ways
be considered the same as the regular
certificate of inspection which it represents.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 189.20–15

Subpart 189.05—Permit To
Proceed to Another Port for Repair
§ 189.05–1 When issued.
(a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may issue a permit to proceed
to another port for repair, Form CG–
948, to a vessel, if in his judgment it
can be done with safety, even if the
certificate of inspection of the vessel
has expired or is about to expire.
§ 189.05–5 To whom issued.
(a) Such permit will only be issued
upon the written application of the
master, owner, or agent of the vessel.
§ 189.05–10 Conditions of permit.
(a) The permit will state upon its
face the conditions under which it is
issued.
§ 189.05–15 Posting.
(a) The permit shall be carried in a
manner similar to that described in
§ 189.01–5 for a certificate of inspection.

[74 FR 20419, May 4, 2009, as amended by
USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49240, Sept. 25, 2009]

Subpart 189.20—Initial Inspection
§ 189.20–1 Prerequisite of certificate of
inspection.
(a) The initial inspection is a prerequisite of the issuance of the original
certificate of inspection.
§ 189.20–5

Subpart 189.15—Inspection of
Vessels
§ 189.15–1 Standards in inspection of
hulls, boilers, and machinery.
In the inspection of hulls, boilers,
and machinery of vessels, the standards established by the American Bureau of Shipping, see part 188, subpart
188.35 of this chapter, respecting material and construction of hulls, boilers,
and machinery, and certificate of classification referring thereto, except
where otherwise provided for by the
rules and regulations in this subchapter, subchapter E (Load Lines),
subchapter F (Marine Engineering),
subchapter J (Electrical Engineering),
and subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter shall be accepted as standard by the
inspectors.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Inspection may comply with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of
46 CFR part 8.
(b) For the purposes of this section, a
list of authorized classification societies, including information for ordering copies of approved classification society rules and supplements, is available from Commandant (CG–521), 2100
2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC
20593–7126; telephone (202) 372–1371; or
fax (202) 372–1925. Approved classification society rules and supplements are
incorporated by reference into 46 CFR
8.110(b).

§ 189.15–5 Alternate compliance.
(a) In place of compliance with other
applicable provisions of this subchapter, the owner or operator of a vessel subject to plan review and inspection under this subchapter for initial
issuance or renewal of a Certificate of

When made.

(a) The initial inspection will only be
made upon the written application of
the owner or builder of the vessel to
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, on Form CG–3752, Application for
Inspection of U.S. Vessel, at or nearest
the port where the vessel is located.
§ 189.20–10

Plans.

(a) Before application for inspection
is made, and before construction is
started, the owner or builder shall have
plans approved by the Commandant indicating the proposed arrangement and
construction of the vessel.
(b) The procedure for submitting
plans and the list of plans to be supplied is set forth in subpart 189.55 of
this part.
§ 189.20–15

Scope of inspection.

(a) The initial inspection, which may
consist of a series of inspections during
the construction of a vessel, shall include a complete inspection of the
structure, machinery, and equipment,
except scientific equipment which does
not affect the safety of the vessel or
personnel, but including the outside of
the vessel’s bottom, and the inside and

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§ 189.20–20

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

outside of the boilers and unfired pressure vessels. The inspection shall be
such as to insure that the arrangements, materials, and scantlings of the
structure, boilers and other pressure
vessels and their appurtenances, piping, main and auxiliary machinery,
electrical installations, lifesaving appliances, fire detecting and extinguishing equipment, pilot boarding
equipment, pollution prevention equipment, and other equipment fully comply with the applicable regulations for
such vessel and are in accordance with
approved plans, and determine that the
vessel is in possession of a valid certificate issued by the Federal Communications Commission, if any. The inspection shall be such as to ensure that the
workmanship of all parts of the vessel
and its equipment is in all respects satisfactory and that the vessel is provided with lights, means of making
sound signals, and distress signals as
required by applicable statutes and
regulations.
(b) When equipment other than scientific equipment is installed which is
not required by the applicable regulations in this subchapter, that equipment shall be inspected and tested as
may be required for such equipment by
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, to assure safety.
(1) The electrical or pressure connections to the ship’s supply shall be designed to marine standards and shall be
free of personnel hazards.
(2) Scientific equipment will not be
inspected but will be examined for external hazards associated with connection to the vessel, dangerous moving
parts, extremes in temperature and
shock.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18911, Dec. 18,
1968; CGD 71–161R, 37 FR 28263, Dec. 21, 1972;
CGD 82–036, 48 FR 654, Jan. 6, 1983; CGD 79–
032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984; CGD 95–012, 60
FR 48052, Sept. 18, 1995; 60 FR 50120, Sept. 28,
1995]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.20–20
tions.

Specific tests and inspec-

The applicable tests and inspections
as set forth in subpart 189.25 of this
part shall be made at this time. In addition, the following specific tests and

inspections shall be made by the marine inspector.
(a) For inspection procedures of lifesaving appliances and arrangements,
see subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.
(b) Installation of carbon dioxide extinguishing piping. See § 193.15–15 of
this subchapter.
(c) Marine engineering equipment
and systems. See Subchapter F (Marine
Engineering) of this chapter.
(d) Electrical engineering equipment
and systems. See Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20,
1996]

§ 189.20–25 Chemical
hazards.

and

explosive

(a) If installed, the marine inspector
shall examine the laboratories, storerooms, magazines, vans, and chests to
insure that hazards are minimized.

Subpart 189.25—Inspection for
Certification
§ 189.25–1 Prerequisite of reissuance of
certificate of inspection.
(a) An inspection for certification is
a prerequisite of the reissuance of a
certificate of inspection.
§ 189.25–5 Application for a Certificate
of Inspection.
You must submit a written application for an inspection for certification
to the cognizant OCMI. To renew a Certificate of Inspection, you must submit
an application at least 30 days before
the expiration of the tank vessel’s current certificate. You must use Form
CG–3752, Application for Inspection of
U.S. Vessel, and submit it to the OCMI
at, or nearest to, the port where the
vessel is located. When renewing a Certificate of Inspection, you must schedule an inspection for certification
within the 3 months before the expiration date of the current Certificate of
Inspection.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

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Coast Guard, DHS
§ 189.25–10

§ 189.25–20

Scope of inspection.

(a) The inspection for certification
shall include an inspection of the
structure, boilers, and other pressure
vessels, machinery, and equipment.
The inspection shall be such as to insure that the vessel, as regards the
structure, boilers, and other pressure
vessels and their appurtenances, piping, main and auxilliary machinery,
electrical installations, life-saving appliances, fire detecting and extinguishing equipment, pilot boarding
equipment, pollution prevention equipment, and other equipment, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service
for which it is intended, and that it
complies with the applicable regulations for such vessel, and determine
that the vessel is in possession of a
valid certificate issued by the Federal
Communications Commission, if required. The lights, means of making
sound signals, and distress signals carried by the vessel shall also be subject
to the above-mentioned inspection for
the purpose of ensuring that they comply with the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.
(b) When equipment other than scientific equipment is installed which is
not required by the applicable regulations in this subchapter, that equipment shall be inspected and tested as
may be required for such equipment by
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, to assure safety.
(1) Scientific equipment and their
electrical or pressure connection to the
ship’s supply and laboratories may be
checked to ascertain that they are
maintained free of hazards.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18911, Dec. 18,
1968; CGD 71–161R, 37 FR 28263, Dec. 21, 1972;
CGD 82–036, 48 FR 655, Jan. 6, 1983; CGD 79–
032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984; CGD 95–012, 60
FR 48052, Sept. 18, 1995; 60 FR 50120, Sept. 28,
1995]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.25–15

§ 189.25–20
ment.

Fire-extinguishing

(a) At each inspection for certification, periodic inspection, and at such
other times as considered necessary
the inspector shall determine that all
fire-extinguishing equipment is in suitable condition and he may require such
tests as are considered necessary to determine the condition of the equipment. The inspector shall determine if
the tests and inspections required by
§ 196.15–60 of this subchapter have been
conducted. At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection the
inspector shall conduct the following
tests and inspections of fire-extinguishing equipment:
(1) All hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire-extinguishing systems shall be checked as
noted in Table 189.25–20(a)(1). In addition, the hand portable fire-extinguishers and semiportable fire-extinguishing systems shall be examined for
excessive corrosion and general condition.
TABLE 189.25–20(a)(1)
Type unit

Test

Soda acid .................

Discharge. Clean hose and inside of
extinguisher thoroughly. Recharge.
Discharge. Clean hose and inside of
extinguisher thoroughly. Recharge.
Discharge. Clean hose and inside of
extinguisher thoroughly. Recharge
with clean water or antifreeze.
Examine pressure cartridge and replace if end is punctured or if cartridge is otherwise determined to
have leaked or to be in unsuitable
condition. Remove liquid. Clean
hose and inside of extinguisher
thoroughly. Recharge with water,
solution, or antifreeze. Insert
charged cartridge.
Weigh cylinders. Recharge if weight
loss exceeds 10 percent of weight
of charge. Inspect hose and nozzle
to be sure they are clear. 1
Examine pressure cartridge and replace if end is punctured or if cartridge is otherwise determined to
have leaked or to be in unsuitable
condition. Inspect hose and nozzle
to see they are clear. Insert
charged cartridge. Be sure dry
chemical is free-flowing (not caked)
and chamber contains full charge.
See that pressure gage is in operating range. If not, or if seal is broken, weigh or otherwise determine
that full charge of dry chemical is in
extinguisher. Recharge if pressure
is low or if dry chemical is needed.

Foam ........................
Pump tank (water or
antifreeze).
Cartridge operated
(water, antifreeze,
or loaded stream).

Carbon dioxide .........

Dry chemical (cartridge-operated
type).

Lifesaving equipment.

For inspection procedures of lifesaving appliances and arrangements,
see subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.

Dry chemical (stored
pressure type).

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

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§ 189.25–25

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

TABLE 189.25–20(a)(1)—Continued
Type unit

Test

Vaporizing liquid 2 .....
1 Cylinders must be tested and marked and all flexible connections and discharge hoses of semiportable carbon dioxide
and halon extinguishers must be tested or renewed as required in §§ 147.60 and 147.65 of this chapter.
2 Vaporizing-liquid type fire extinguishers containing carbon
tetrachloride or chlorobromomethane or other toxic vaporizing
liquids are not permitted.

(2) Fixed fire-extinguishing systems
shall be checked as noted in Table
189.25–20(a)(2). In addition, all parts of
the fixed fire-extinguishing systems
shall be examined for excessive corrosion and general conditions.
TABLE 189.25–20(a)(2)
Type system

Test

Foam .........................

Systems utilizing a soda solution
shall have such solution replaced.
In all cases, ascertain that powder
is not caked.
Carbon dioxide ......... Weigh cylinders. Recharge if weight
loss exceeds 10 percent of weight
of charge. 1
1 Cylinders must be tested and marked and all flexible connections on fixed carbon dioxide and halon systems must be
tested or renewed as required in §§ 147.60 and 147.65 of this
chapter.

(3) On all fire-extinguishing systems
all piping, controls, valves, and alarms
shall be checked to ascertain that the
system is in operating condition.
(4) The fire main system shall be operated and the pressure checked at the
outlets having the greatest pressure
drop between the fire pumps and the
nozzles which may not always be the
most remote and highest outlets. All
firehoses shall be subjected to a test
pressure equivalent to the maximum
pressure to which they may be subjected in service, but not less than 100
p.s.i.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 78–154, 44 FR 13492, Mar. 12,
1979; CGD 84–044, 53 FR 7752, Mar. 10, 1988;
USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.25–25

Hull equipment.

(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection the inspector shall conduct the following
tests and inspections of hull equipment:
(1) All watertight doors shall be operated locally by manual power and also
by hydraulic or electric power if so
fitted. Where remote control is fitted,

the doors shall also be operated by the
remote control apparatus.
(2) The remote controls of all valves
shall be operated.
(3) An examination of installed
weight, handling gear and related shipboard records shall be made to ascertain the condition and suitability of
the equipment for the service intended.
In conducting this examination the
marine inspector shall be guided by the
provisions of subpart 189.35. Current
valid certificates and registers, issued
by a recognized nonprofit organization
or association approved by the Commandant, may be accepted as prima
facie evidence of the condition and
suitability of the weight handling gear.
Weight handling gear certificates and
registers will not be issued by the
Coast Guard.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 189.25–30 Electrical
equipment.

engineering

(a) For inspection procedures of Electrical Engineering equipment and systems, see Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.
§ 189.25–35
ment.

Marine engineering equip-

(a) For inspection procedures of Marine Engineering equipment and systems, see Subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of this chapter.
§ 189.25–38

Pollution prevention.

At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection, the inspector
shall examine the vessel to determine
that it meets the vessel design and
equipment requirements for pollution
prevention in 33 CFR part 155, subpart
B.
[CGD 71–161R, 37 FR 28263, Dec. 21, 1972;
USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.25–40

Sanitary inspection.

(a) At each inspection for certification and periodic inspection, the
quarters, toilets, and washing spaces,
galleys, serving pantries, lockers, etc.,

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§ 189.27–5

shall be examined by the marine inspector to be assured that they are in a
sanitary condition.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 189.25–45 Fire hazards.
At each inspection for certification
and periodic inspection, the inspector
shall examine the tank tops and bilges
in the machinery spaces to see that
there is no accumulation of oil which
might create a fire hazard.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 189.25–47 Chemical and explosive
hazards.
(a) The marine inspector shall inspect every chemistry laboratory, scientific laboratory, and chemical storeroom during each inspection for certification and periodic inspection.
(b) Magazines, vans, and chests shall
be inspected during each inspection for
certification and periodic inspection.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb.
9, 2000; 65 FR 11904, Mar. 7, 2000]

§ 189.25–50 Inspector not limited.
(a) Nothing in this subpart shall be
construed as limiting the inspector
from making such tests or inspections
as he deems necessary to be assured of
the safety and seaworthiness of the
vessel.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 189.27—Annual and
Periodic Inspections
§ 189.27–1 Annual inspection.
(a) Your vessel must undergo an annual inspection within the 3 months
before or after each anniversary date,
except as specified in § 189.27–5.
(b) You must contact the cognizant
OCMI to schedule an inspection at a
time and place which he or she approves. No written application is required.
(c) The scope of the annual inspection is the same as the inspection for
certification, as specified in § 189.25–10,
but in less detail unless the cognizant
marine inspector finds deficiencies or

determines that a major change has occurred since the last inspection. If deficiencies are found or a major change to
the vessel has occurred, the marine inspector will conduct an inspection
more detailed in scope to ensure that
the vessel is in satisfactory condition
and fit for the service for which it is intended. If your vessel passes the annual
inspection, the marine inspector will
endorse your current Certificate of Inspection.
(d) If the annual inspection reveals
deficiencies in your vessel’s maintenance, you must make any or all repairs or improvements within the time
period specified by the OCMI.
(e) Nothing in this subpart limits the
marine inspector from conducting such
tests or inspections he or she deems
necessary to be assured of the vessel’s
seaworthiness.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.27–5 Periodic inspection.
(a) Your vessel must undergo a periodic inspection within 3 months before
or after the second or third anniversary of the date of your vessel’s Certificate of Inspection. This periodic inspection will take the place of an annual inspection.
(b) You must contact the cognizant
OCMI to schedule an inspection at a
time and place which he or she approves. No written application is required.
(c) The scope of the periodic inspection is the same as that for the inspection for certification, as specified in
§ 189.25–10. The OCMI will insure that
the vessel is in satisfactory condition
and fit for the service for which it is intended. If your vessel passes the periodic inspection, the marine inspector
will endorse your current Certificate of
Inspection.
(d) If the periodic inspection reveals
deficiencies in your vessel’s maintenance, you must make any or all repairs or improvements within the time
period specified by the OCMI.
(e) Nothing in this subpart limits the
marine inspector from conducting such
tests or inspections he or she deems
necessary to be assured of the vessel’s
seaworthiness.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

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§ 189.27–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 189.27–10 Certificate of Inspection:
Conditions of validity.
To maintain a valid Certificate of Inspection, you must complete your annual and periodic inspections within
the periods specified in §§ 189.27–1 and
189.27–5 respectively, and your Certificate of Inspection must be endorsed.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6509, Feb. 9, 2000]

Subpart 189.30—Inspection After
Accident
§ 189.30–1 General or partial survey.
(a) A survey, either general or partial, according to the circumstances,
shall be made every time an accident
occurs or a defect is discovered which
affects the safety of the vessel or the
efficacy or completeness of its lifesaving appliances, firefighting or other
equipment, or whenever any important
repairs or renewals are made. The survey shall be such as to insure that the
necessary repairs or renewals have
been effectively made, that the material and the workmanship of such repairs or renewals are in all respects
satisfactory, and that the vessel complies in all respects with the regulations in this subchapter.

Subpart 189.33—Sanitary
Inspections
§ 189.33–1 When made.
(a) An inspection of quarters, toilet
and washing spaces, serving pantries,
galleys, etc., shall be made at least
once in every month. If the route of the
vessel is such that it is away from a
U.S. port for more than 1 month, an inspection shall be conducted at least
once every trip.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 189.35—Weight Handling
Gear
§ 189.35–1 Application.
(a) The requirements of this subpart
shall apply to all weight handling gear
installed on oceanographic research
vessels except weight handling gear
designated to handle primary lifesaving equipment. Weight handling
gear designated for this use shall meet
the applicable portions of Subchapter I

(Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels) of
this chapter.
(b) Weight handling gear placed
under the inspection and testing required for cargo gear by the classification society or cargo gear bureaus recognized in Subchapter I (Cargo and
Miscellaneous Vessels) of this chapter
may be considered as having met the
intent of this subpart.
§ 189.35–3 Intent.
(a) In recognition of the special nature of oceanographic research vessel
operations, it is intended that maximum flexibility be given to the owner
or operator in complying with the safety requirements for weight handling
gear in this subpart. The primary interest of the Coast Guard shall extend
to hazards associated with the connections to the vessel, dangerous moving
parts, extremes in temperature and
shock hazards.
§ 189.35–5 Tests.
(a) An installation load test and safety assessment shall be conducted by
the owner or operator. Section 189.35–13
may be used as a guide for the safety
assessment. It shall be the responsibility of the owner or operator to notify the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, of the time and place of the
installation tests when occurring in a
port of the United States to permit a
marine inspector to witness the tests if
desired. Subsequent owner or operator
conducted tests may be required at the
time of the vessel’s inspection periods
if a visual examination or review of the
equipment record reveals evidence of
an unsafe condition. Tests should normally consist of exercising the equipment as a unit with a proof load 25 percent in excess of the equipment’s normal working load, however manufacturer’s design limitations should not be
exceeded. Consideration shall be given
to the plans of loading when conducting these tests. Braking, safety
and limiting devices shall be tested
whenever feasible.
§ 189.35–7 Examinations.
(a) Examination of weight handling
gear will normally consist of a visual
examination with access covers removed. Suitability of the equipment

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§ 189.35–13

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for the service intended will be emphasized. Disassembly of the equipment
will be required only when there is evidence of a deficiency or an unsafe condition. Non-destructive tests, such as
radiography, ultrasonic, electronic, or
other methods may be used if appropriate, however will not be required.
§ 189.35–9 Plans.
(a) Plans will not normally be required, however depending on the use
of the weight handling gear, submission of plans or other technical information may be required by the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection. Unless
an unsafe condition is in evidence, vessel operations will not be delayed while
plans or other technical information
are under review. Plans, when required,
shall normally include:
(1) One line electrical diagrams showing appropriate overload protection as
currently required by subchapter J
(Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.
(2) Plans showing hydraulic or pneumatic equipment.
(3) Stress and/or arrangement diagrams with supporting design calculations as appropriate to the specific
equipment in question.
(b) When weight handling gear is
built to a recognized code or specification, plans or other technical data will
not normally be required. Purchase
specification or vendor’s information
may be accepted in lieu of design calculations if sufficiently definitive of
materials, design (safety) factors and
operating limitations.
(c) Design information, when required, will be evaluated against the
following minimum design criteria:
(1) Wet Weight Handling Gear: Wet
gear shall be considered to consist of
gear used to lower equipment, apparatus or objects beneath the surface of
the water or for trailing objects, where
the wire rope or cable is payed out beneath the surface and becomes part of
the line pull at the head sheave or
winch drum. Wet gear shall be designed, as a minimum, to withstand
and operate in excess of the breaking
strength of the strongest section or
wire to be used in any condition of
loading. The safety factor for all metal
structural parts shall be a minimum of

1.5; i.e., the yield strength of the material shall be at least 1.5 times the calculated stresses resulting from application of a load equal to the nominal
breaking strength of the strongest section or wire rope to be used. Suitable
assumptions for the actual loading conditions shall be used in the design of
wet gear. The lead of the wire rope
from the head sheave or winch drum
shall be considered to vary from the
vertical and in azimuth in a manner to
represent the most adverse loading
condition.
(2) Other weight handling gear will be
evaluated on the basis of the standards
of a recognized organization or association recognized by the Commandant
under § 31.10–6.
(3) Hydraulic or pneumatic systems
will be evaluated on the basis of Subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of this
chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 69–116, 35 FR 6863, Apr. 30,
1970; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51219, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 189.35–11 Special cases.
(a) If the above safety requirements
defeat the purpose of any particular
piece of weight handling gear, consideration will be given to a relaxation of
the requirements.
§ 189.35–13 Master’s responsibility.
(a) The master of the vessel shall ensure the following:
(1) The gear is properly installed and
secure.
(2) Suitable safety guards are installed in way of rotating machinery,
hazardous cable runs and at other appropriate locations.
(3) Operating limitations are posted
in an appropriate manner.
(4) Only qualified operators are permitted to operate the weight handling
gear. The master shall designate the
operators.
(5) A minimum number of persons are
allowed in the immediate area.
(6) The installation does not violate
the approved trim and stability information.
(7) A suitable permanent record is
maintained on the equipment as appropriate showing such items as inspections, tests, important repairs and casualties experienced. This record shall

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

be made available to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, upon request.
(b) Prior to a vessel’s departure, an
entry shall also be made in the official
logbook that the ship’s weight handling gear is in compliance with the applicable requirements in this subchapter.
§ 189.35–15

Major installations.

(a) Where the installation of weight
handling gear requires modifications to
the vessel’s structure or affects the
stability in a manner which cannot be
assessed by the information contained
in the approved trim and stability information, appropriate plans and information shall be submitted for approval.
The installation shall then be inspected by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection for conformance with
the approved installation plans and information.
§ 189.35–90 Weight handling gear manufactured prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Weight handling gear manufactured prior to March 1, 1968, will be accepted on the basis of appropriate tests
and examinations should plans or other
technical information not be available.

Subpart 189.40—Drydocking

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.40–1 Definitions relating to hull
examinations.
As used in this part—
(a) Drydock examination means hauling out a vessel or placing a vessel in a
drydock or slipway for an examination
of all accessible parts of the vessel’s
underwater body and all through-hull
fittings.
(b) Internal structural examination
means an examination of the vessel
while afloat or in drydock and consists
of a complete examination of the vessel’s main strength members, including
the major internal framing, the hull
plating, voids, and ballast tanks, but
not including cargo or fuel oil tanks.
(c) Underwater survey means the examination, while the vessel is afloat, of
all accessible parts of the vessel’s un-

derwater body and all through-hull fittings.
[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988; CGD
95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 189.40–3 Drydock examination, internal structural examination, cargo
tank internal examination, and underwater survey intervals.
(a) Except as provided for in paragraphs (b) through (g) of this section,
each vessel must undergo drydock and
internal structural examinations as
follows:
(1) Vessels that operate in salt water
must undergo two drydock and two internal structural examinations within
any five year period. No more than
three years may elapse between any
two examinations.
(2) Vessels that operate in fresh
water at least six months in every 12
month period since the last drydock
examination must undergo drydock
and internal structural examinations
at intervals not to exceed five years.
(b) Vessels with wooden hulls must
undergo two drydock and two internal
structural examinations within any
five year period regardless of the type
of water in which they operate. No
more than three years may elapse between any two examinations.
(c) If, during an internal structural
examination or underwater survey,
damage or deterioration to the hull
plating or structural members is discovered, the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, may require the vessel to
be drydocked or otherwise taken out of
service to further assess the extent of
the damage and to effect permanent repairs.
(d) Each vessel under paragraph (a) of
this section that is less than 15 years of
age may be considered for an underwater survey instead of alternate drydock examinations, provided the vessel
is fitted with an effective hull protection system. Vessel owners or operators must apply to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, for approval of underwater surveys instead of
alternate drydock examinations for
each vessel. The application must include the following information:
(1) The procedure to be followed in
carrying out the underwater survey.

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§ 189.43–1

(2) The location where the underwater survey will be accomplished.
(3) The method to be used to accurately determine the diver location relative to the hull.
(4) The means that will be provided
for examining through-hull fittings.
(5) The means that will be provided
for taking shaft bearing clearances.
(6) The condition of the vessel, including the anticipated draft of the
vessel at the time of the survey.
(7) A description of the hull protection system.
(e) Vessels otherwise qualifying
under paragraph (d) of this section,
that are 15 years of age or older, may
be considered for continued participation in or entry into the underwater
survey program on a case-by-case basis
if—
(1) Before the vessel’s next scheduled
drydocking, the owner or operator submits a request for participation or continued participation to Commandant
(CG–543);
(2)
During
the
vessel’s
next
drydocking after the request is submitted, no appreciable hull deterioration is indicated as a result of a complete set of hull gaugings; and
(3) The results of the hull gauging
and the results of the Coast Guard drydock examination together with the
recommendation of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, are submitted to Commandant (CG–543) for
final approval.
(f) Each vessel which has not met
with the applicable examination schedules in paragraph (a) through (e) of this
section because it is on a voyage, must
undergo the required examinations
upon completion of the voyage.
(g) The Commandant (CG–543) may
authorize extensions to the examination intervals specified in paragraphs
(a) and (b) of this section.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39656, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988; CGD
95–072, 60 FR 50469, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041,
61 FR 50735, Sept. 27, 1996; CGD 95–028, 62 FR
51220, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR
49240, Sept. 25, 2009]

§ 189.40–5 Notice and plans required.
(a) The master, owner, operator, or
agent of the vessel shall notify the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection,

whenever the vessel is to be drydocked
regardless
of
the
reason
for
drydocking.
(b) Each vessel, except barges, that
holds a Load Line Certificate must
have on board a plan showing the vessel’s scantlings. This plan must be
made available to the Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the vessel undergoes a drydock examination, internal structural examination, or underwater survey or whenever repairs are
made to the vessel’s hull.
(c) Each barge that holds a Load Line
Certificate must have a plan showing
the barge’s scantlings. The plan need
not be maintained on board the barge
but must be made available to the
Coast Guard marine inspector whenever the barge undergoes a drydock examination, internal structural examination, or underwater survey or whenever repairs are made to the barge’s
hull.
[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39657, Oct. 23, 1987]

Subpart 189.43—Integral Fuel Oil
Tank Examinations
§ 189.43–1

When required.

(a) Each fuel oil tank with at least
one side integral to the vessel’s hull
and located within the hull (‘‘integral
fuel oil tank’’) is subject to inspection
as provided in this section. The owner
or operator of the vessel shall have the
tanks cleaned out and gas freed as necessary to permit internal examination
of the tank or tanks designated by the
marine inspector. The owner or operator shall arrange for an examination
of the fuel tanks of each vessel during
an internal structural examination at
intervals not to exceed five years.
(b) Integral non-double-bottom fuel
oil tanks need not be cleaned out and
internally examined if the marine inspector is able to determine by external examination that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(c) Double-bottom fuel oil tanks on
vessels less than 10 years of age need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by external examination
that the general condition of the tanks
is satisfactory.

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(d) All double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on vessels 10 years of age or older but
less than 15 years of age need not be
cleaned out and internally examined if
the marine inspector is able to determine by internal examination of at
least one forward double-bottom fuel
oil tank, and by external examination
of all other double-bottom fuel oil
tanks on the vessel, that the general
condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
(e) All double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on vessels 15 years of age or older need
not be cleaned out and internally examined if the marine inspector is able
to determine by internal examination
of at least one forward, one amidships,
and one aft double-bottom fuel oil
tank, and by external examination of
all other double-bottom fuel oil tanks
on the vessel, that the general condition of the tanks is satisfactory.
[CGD 84–024, 52 FR 39657, Oct. 23, 1987, as
amended at 53 FR 32232, Aug. 24, 1988]

Subpart 189.45—Repairs and
Alterations
§ 189.45–1

Notice required.

(a) No repairs or alterations affecting
the stability or safety of the vessel
with regard to the hull, machinery, and
equipment shall be made without the
knowledge of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection.
(b) Drawings of alterations shall be
approved before work is started unless
deemed unnecessary by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
(c) Drawings will not be required for
repairs in kind.
(d) Notice is not required for repairs
or alterations to scientific equipment
where the stability or safety of the vessel with regard to the hull and machinery or equipment is not affected.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 189.45–5

Inspection required.

(a) An inspection, either general or
partial depending upon the circumstances, shall be made whenever
any important repairs or alterations
are undertaken.

Subpart 189.50—Special
Operating Requirements
§ 189.50–1 Inspection and testing required when making alterations, repairs, or other such operations involving riveting, welding, burning,
or like fire-producing actions.
(a) The provisions of ‘‘Standard for
the Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels
To Be Repaired,’’ NFPA No. 306, published by National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, shall be used as a guide in
conducting
the
inspections
and
issuance of certificates required by this
section.
(b) Until an inspection has been made
to determine that such operation can
be undertaken with safety, no alterations, repairs, or other such operations involving riveting, burning,
welding, or like fire-producing actions
shall be made:
(1) Within or on the boundaries of
tanks which have been used to carry
combustible liquids or chemicals; or,
(2) Within spaces adjacent to tanks
which have been used to carry Grade D
combustible liquids, except where the
distance between such tanks and the
work to be performed is not less than
twenty-five (25) feet; or,
(3) Within or on the boundaries of
fuel tanks; or,
(4) Within or on the boundaries of
tanks carrying Grade B or Grade C
flammable liquids or within spaces adjacent to such tanks; or,
(5) To pipelines, heat coils, pumps,
fittings, or other appurtenances connected to such fuel tanks.
(c) Such inspections shall be made
and evidenced as follows:
(1) In ports or places in the United
States or its territories and possessions
the inspection shall be made by a marine chemist certificated by the National Fire Protection Association;
however, if the services of such certified marine chemist are not reasonably available, the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, upon the recommendation of the vessel owner and
his contractor or their representative
shall select a person who, in the case of
an individual vessel, shall be authorized to make such inspection. If the inspection indicates that such operations

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§ 189.55–5

can be undertaken with safety, a certificate setting forth the fact in writing and qualified as may be required,
shall be issued by the certified marine
chemist or the authorized person before the work is started. Such qualifications shall include any requirements as may be deemed necessary to
maintain, insofar as can reasonably be
done, the safe conditions in the spaces
certified throughout the operation and
shall include such additional tests and
certifications as considered required.
Such qualifications and requirements
shall include precautions necessary to
eliminate or minimize hazards that
may be present from protective coatings or residues from cargoes.
(2) When not in such a port or place,
and a marine chemist or such person
authorized by the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, is not reasonably
available, the inspection shall be made
by the senior officer in the crew
present and a proper entry shall be
made in the vessel’s logbook.
(d) It shall be the responsibility of
the senior officer present to secure copies of certificates issued by the certified marine chemist or such person
authorized by the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection. It shall be the responsibility of the senior officer in the
crew present, insofar as the persons
under his control are concerned, to
maintain a safe condition on the vessel
by full observance of all qualifications
and requirements listed by the marine
chemist in the certificate.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50469, Sept. 29,
1995]

Subpart 189.55—Plan Approval

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§ 189.55–1

General.

(a) The following list of required
plans in § 189.55–5 is general in character, but includes all plans which normally show construction and safety
features coming under the cognizance
of the Coast Guard. In the case of a
particular vessel, all of the plans enumerated may not be applicable and it is
intended that only those plans and
specifications be submitted as will
clearly show the vessel’s arrangements,
construction and required equipment.

(b) In the following list of required
plans in § 189.55–5, the items which
must be approved by the American Bureau of Shipping for vessels classed by
that organization are indicated by an
asterisk. When prints bearing record of
such approval by the American Bureau
of Shipping are forwarded to the Coast
Guard they will in general be accepted
as satisfactory except insofar as the
law or the Coast Guard regulations
contain requirements which are not
covered by the American Bureau of
Shipping.
§ 189.55–5 Plans and specifications required for new construction.
(a) General. (1) Specifications.
(2) General arrangement plan of
decks, holds, inner bottoms, etc., and
including inboard and outboard profile.
(b) Hull structure. 1 (1) *Inner bottom
plating and framing.
(2) *Midship section.
(3) *Shell plating and framing.
(4) *Stem, stern frame, and rudder.
(5) *Structural deck plans for
strength decks.
(6) *Pillars and girders.
(7) *Watertight and oiltight bulkheads.
(8) *Foundations for main machinery
and boilers.
(9) *Arrangement of ports, doors, and
airports in shell plating.
(10) *Hatch coamings and covers in
weather and watertight decks.
(11) *Details of hinged subdivision
watertight doors and operating gear.
(12) *Scuppers and drains penetrating
shell plating.
(13) Weight handling gear when required by the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, as provided for by § 189.35–9.
(c) Subdivision and stability. Plans required by part 170 of this chapter.
(d) Fire control. (1) General arrangement plans showing for each deck the
control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by fire resisting bulkheads, the arrangement of the alarm
and extinguishing systems, the fire extinguishers, means of access to different compartments and decks and the
ventilation system including location
1 The asterisk (*) indicates items which
may require approval by the American Bureau of Shipping for vessels classed by that
society.

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§ 189.55–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

of ventilation shutdowns, positions of
dampers and the number identifying
each system.
(2) Ventilation diagram including
dampers and other fire control features.
(3) Details of alarm systems.
(4) Details of extinguishing systems,
including fire mains, carbon dioxide,
foam and sprinkling systems.
(e) Marine engineering. For plans required for marine engineering equipment and systems. See Subchapter F
(Marine Engineering) of this chapter.
(f) Electrical engineering. For plans required
for
electrical
engineering,
equipment, and systems, see Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of
this chapter.
(g) Lifesaving equipment. These plans
are to show the location and arrangement of embarkation decks, all overboard discharges and projections in
way of launching lifeboats, weights of
lifeboats fully equipped and loaded,
working loads of davits and winches,
types and sizes of falls, the manufacturer’s name and identification for all
equipment, and all other relevant and
necessary information.
(1) Arrangement of lifeboats.
(2) Arrangement of davits.
(3) Location and stowage of liferafts
and buoyant apparatus.
(h) Accommodations for crewmembers
and scientific personnel. Arrangement
plans showing accommodations, ventilation, escapes, hospitals, and sanitary facilities for all crewmembers and
scientific personnel.
(i) Magazines and magazine vans. (1)
All plans relating to the arrangement,
construction, ventilation, and fire protection system for magazines and magazine vans. (The plans required for
magazines and magazine vans to be installed or carried on a vessel after the
vessel is in operation, are set forth in
subpart 195.11 of this subchapter.)
(2) Ventilation and sprinkler system
calculations for magazines and magazine vans.
(j) For vessels of 100 meters (328 feet)
or more in length contracted for on or
after September 7, 1990, a plan must be
included which shows how visibility
from the navigation bridge will meet

the standards contained in § 190.02–15 of
this subchapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 79–023, 48 FR 51052, Nov. 4,
1983; CGD 85–099, 55 FR 32249, Aug. 8, 1990;
CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35829, July 29, 1991; 56 FR
46354, Sept. 11, 1991; 56 FR 50754, Oct. 8, 1991]

§ 189.55–10 Plans required for alterations of existing vessels.
(a) In the event of alterations involving the safety of the vessel, the applicable plans shall be submitted for approval covering the proposed work except as modified by § 189.45–1.
§ 189.55–15 Procedure for submittal of
plans.
(a) As the relative location of shipyards, design offices, and Coast Guard
offices vary throughout the country,
no specific routing will be required in
the submittal of plans. In general, one
of the following procedures would
apply, but in a particular case, if a
more expeditious procedure can be
used, there will be no objection to its
adoption.
(1) The plans may be submitted to
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, in the district in which the vessel
is to be built. This procedure will be
most expeditious in the case of those
offices where personnel and facilities
are available for examination and approval of plans locally.
(2) The plans may be submitted by
visitors directly to the Commanding
Officer, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Center, 1900 Half Street, SW., Suite
1000, Room 525, Washington, DC 20024,
or transmitted by mail to: Commanding Officer, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Center, 2100 2nd St., SW.,
Stop 7102, Washington, DC 20593–7102, in
a written or electronic format. Information for submitting the VSP electronically can be found at http://
www.uscg.mil/HQ/MSC. In this case, the
plans will be returned directly to the
submitter, with a copy of the action
being forwarded to the interested Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(3) In the case of classed vessels, upon
specific request by the submitter, the
American Bureau of Shipping will arrange to forward the necessary plans to
the Coast Guard indicating its action
thereon. In this case, the plans will be

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 189.60–40

returned as noted in paragraph (a)(2) of
this section.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968]
EDITORIAL NOTE: For FEDERAL REGISTER citations affecting § 189.55–15, see the List of
CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the
Finding Aids section of the printed volume
and at www.fdsys.gov.

§ 189.55–20

Number of plans required.

(a) Three copies of each plan are normally required so that one can be returned to the submitter. If the submitter desires additional approved
plans, a suitable number should be submitted to permit the required distribution.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 69–116, 35 FR 6862 Apr. 30,
1970]

Subpart 189.60—Certificates Under
International Convention for
Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
§ 189.60–1

Application.

The provisions of this subpart shall
apply to all oceanographic research
vessels on an international voyage.
(See § 188.05–10 of this subchapter.)
[CGD 95–012, 60 FR 48052, Sept. 18, 1995; 60 FR
50120, Sept. 28, 1995]

§ 189.60–5 Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.
(a) All vessels on an international
voyage are required to have a Cargo
Ship Safety Construction Certificate.
This certificate shall be issued by the
U.S. Coast Guard or the American Bureau of Shipping to certain vessels on
behalf of the United States of America
as provided in Regulation 12, Chapter I,
of the International Convention for
Safety of Life at Sea, 1974.
(b) All such vessels shall meet the applicable requirements of this chapter
for vessels on an international voyage.

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[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30665, July 26,
1990]

§ 189.60–10 Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate.
(a) All vessels on an international
voyage are required to have a Cargo
Ship Safety Equipment Certificate.

(b) All such vessels shall meet the applicable requirements of this chapter
for vessels on an international voyage.
§ 189.60–15 Cargo Ship Safety Radio
Certificate.
Every vessel equipped with a radio
installation on an international voyage
must have a Cargo Ship Safety Radio
Certificate. Each radio installation
must meet the requirements of the
Federal Communication Commission
and the International Convention for
Safety of Life at Sea.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6510, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.60–25 Exemption Certificate.
(a) A vessel may be exempted by the
Commandant from complying with certain requirements of the Convention
under his administration upon request
made in writing to him and transmitted via the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(b) When an exemption is granted to
a vessel by the Commandant under and
in accordance with the Convention, an
Exemption Certificate describing such
exemption shall be issued through the
appropriate Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, in addition to other required certificates.
§ 189.60–30 Safety Management Certificate.
All vessels to which 33 CFR part 96
applies on an international voyage
must have a valid Safety Management
Certificate and a copy of their company’s valid Document of Compliance
certificate on board.
[CGD 95–073, 62 FR 67515, Dec. 24, 1997]

§ 189.60–35 Availability of Certificates.
The Convention certificates must be
on board the vessel and readily available for examination at all times.
[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6510, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.60–40 Duration of Convention
certificates.
(a) The following certificates are
valid for a period of not more than 60
months (5 years).
(1) A Cargo Ship Safety Construction
Certificate.
(2) A Cargo Ship Safety Equipment
Certificate.

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§ 189.60–45

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(3) A Safety Management Certificate.
(4) A Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate.
(b) An Exemption certificate must
not be valid for longer than the period
of the certificate to which it refers.
(c) A Convention certificate may be
withdrawn, revoked, or suspended at
any time when it is determined that
the vessel is no longer in compliance
with applicable requirements. (See
§ 2.01–70 of this chapter for procedures
governing appeals.)

applicable requirements for classification, the Bureau shall immediately furnish to the Coast Guard all relevant information, which will be used by the
Coast Guard to determine whether or
not to withdraw, revoke or suspend the
Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1118, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 77–081, 46 FR 56204, Nov. 16,
1981; CGD 90–008, 55 FR 30665, July 26, 1990;
CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50735, Sept. 27, 1996: USCG–
2000–7790, 65 FR 58465, Sept. 29, 2000]

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[USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6510, Feb. 9, 2000]

§ 189.60–45 American Bureau of Shipping.
(a) The American Bureau of Shipping, with its home office at ABS
Plaza, 16855 Northchase Drive, Houston, TX 77060, is hereby designated as
an organization duly authorized to
issue the ‘‘Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate’’ to certain oceanographic research vessels on behalf of
the United States of America as provided in Regulation 12, Chapter I, of
the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, and Executive
Order 12234 and the certificate shall be
subject to the requirements in this subpart. The American Bureau of Shipping
is authorized to place the official seal
of the United States of America on the
certificate. This designation and delegation to the American Bureau of Shipping shall be in effect until terminated
by proper authority and notice of cancellation is published in the FEDERAL
REGISTER.
(b) At the option of the owner or
agent of a vessel on an international
voyage and on direct application to the
American Bureau of Shipping, the Bureau may issue to such vessel a Cargo
Ship Safety Construction Certificate,
having a period of validity of not more
than 60 months after ascertaining that
the vessel:
(1) Has met the applicable requirements of the Convention; and
(2) Is currently classed by the Bureau
and classification requirements have
been dealt with to the satisfaction of
the Bureau.
(c) When the Bureau determines that
a vessel to which it has issued a Cargo
Ship Safety Construction Certificate
no longer complies with the Bureau’s

PART 190—CONSTRUCTION AND
ARRANGEMENT
Subpart 190.01—Hull Structure
Sec.
190.01–1
Application.
190.01–5
Vessels subject to load line.
190.01–10 Structural standards.
190.01–15 Special consideration.
190.01–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 190.02—Navigation Bridge
Visibility
190.02–1

Navigation bridge visibility

Subpart 190.03—Subdivision and Stability
190.03–1

General.

Subpart 190.05—General Fire Protection
190.05–1
Application.
190.05–3
Fire hazards to be minimized.
190.05–5
Woodwork insulated from heated
surfaces.
190.05–10 Chemical storeroom and lamp
room construction.
190.05–15 Segregation of spaces containing
the emergency source of electric power.
190.05–20 Segregation of chemical laboratories and chemical storerooms.

Subpart 190.07—Structural Fire Protection
190.07–1
Application.
190.07–5
Definitions.
190.07–10 Construction.
190.07–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 190.10—Means of Escape
190.10–1
190.10–5
190.10–10
190.10–15
190.10–20
190.10–25
190.10–30

Application.
Two means required.
Location.
Vertical ladders not accepted.
No means for locking doors.
Stairway size.
Dead end corridors.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 190.02–1

190.10–35 Public spaces.
190.10–40 Access to lifeboats.
190.10–45 Weather deck communications.
190.10–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 190.15—Ventilation
190.15–1
Application.
190.15–5
Vessels using fuel having a
flashpoint of 110 °F. or lower.
190.15–10 Ventilation for closed spaces.
190.15–15 Ventilation for living spaces and
quarters.
190.15–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 190.20—Accommodations for
Officers, Crew, and Scientific Personnel
190.20–1
Application.
190.20–5
Intent.
190.20–10 Location of crew spaces.
190.20–15 Construction.
190.20–20 Sleeping accommodations.
190.20–25 Washrooms and toilet rooms.
190.20–30 Messrooms.
190.20–35 Hospital space.
190.20–40 Other spaces.
190.20–45 Lighting.
190.20–50 Heating and cooling.
190.20–55 Insect screens.
190.20–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 190.25—Rails and Guards
190.25–1
190.25–5
190.25–10
190.25–15
190.25–90
July

Application.
Where rails required.
Storm rails.
Guards in dangerous places.
Vessels contracted for prior to
1, 1969.

chapter for special requirements as to
strength, closure of openings, etc.
§ 190.01–10 Structural standards.
(a) In general, compliance with the
standards established by the American
Bureau of Shipping, see subpart 188.35
of this subchapter, will be considered
as satisfactory evidence of the structural efficiency of the vessel. However,
in special cases, a detailed analysis of
the entire structure or some integral
part may be made by the Coast Guard
to determine the structural requirements.
§ 190.01–15 Special consideration.
(a) Special consideration will be
given to the structural requirements
for small vessels or vessels of an unusual design not contemplated by the
rules of the American Bureau of Shipping.
§ 190.01–90 Vessels
contracted
for
prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Existing structure previously approved will be considered satisfactory
so long as it is maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer
in Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs and alterations may be made to
the same standards as the original construction.
(b) Conversions, major alterations,
new installations, and replacements,
shall meet the applicable specifications
in this subpart for new vessels.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2113, 3306; E.O. 12234,
45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation
No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1125, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 190.01—Hull Structure

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§ 190.01–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 190.01–90, shall
apply to all vessels contracted for on or
after March 1, 1968.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 190.01–90.
§ 190.01–5 Vessels subject to load line.
(a) For vessels assigned a load line,
see Subchapter E (Load Lines) of this

Subpart 190.02—Navigation
Bridge Visibility
§ 190.02–1 Navigation bridge visibility.
Each oceanographic research vessel
which is 100 meters (328 feet) or more in
length and contracted for on or after
September 7, 1990, must meet the following requirements:
(a) The field of vision from the navigation bridge, whether the vessel is in
a laden or unladen condition, must be
such that:
(1) From the conning position, the
view of the sea surface is not obscured
forward of the bow by more than the
lesser of two ship lengths or 500 meters
(1640 feet) from dead ahead to 10 degrees on either side of the vessel. Within this arc of visibility any blind sector

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§ 190.03–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

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caused by cargo, cargo gear, or other
permanent obstruction must not exceed 5 degrees.
(2) From the conning position, the
horizontal field of vision extends over
an arc from at least 22.5 degrees abaft
the beam on one side of the vessel,
through dead ahead, to at least 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on the other side
of the vessel. Blind sectors forward of
the beam caused by cargo, cargo gear,
or other permanent obstruction must
not exceed 10 degrees each, nor total
more than 20 degrees, including any
blind sector within the arc of visibility
described in paragraph (a)(1) of this
section.
(3) From each bridge wing, the field
of vision extends over an arc from at
least 45 degrees on the opposite bow,
through dead ahead, to at least dead
astern.
(4) From the main steering position,
the field of vision extends over an arc
from dead ahead to at least 60 degrees
on either side of the vessel.
(5) From each bridge wing, the respective side of the vessel is visible forward and aft.
(b) Windows fitted on the navigation
bridge must be arranged so that:
(1) Framing between windows is kept
to a minimum and is not installed immediately in front of any work station.
(2) Front windows are inclined from
the vertical plane, top out, at an angle
of not less than 10 degrees and not
more than 25 degrees.
(3) The height of the lower edge of
the front windows is limited to prevent
any obstruction of the forward view
previously described in this section.
(4) The height of the upper edge of
the front windows allows a forward
view of the horizon at the conning position, for a person with a height of eye
of 1.8 meters (71 inches), when the vessel is at a forward pitch angle of 20 degrees.
(c) Polarized or tinted windows must
not be fitted.
[CGD 85–099, 55 FR 32249, Aug. 8, 1990]

Subpart 190.03—Subdivision and
Stability
§ 190.03–1 General.
Each vessel must comply with the
applicable requirements in Subchapter
S of this chapter.
[CGD 79–023, 48 FR 51053, Nov. 4, 1983]

Subpart 190.05—General Fire
Protection
§ 190.05–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels, except as
noted otherwise in this subpart.
(b) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall not be subject
to the provisions of this subpart.
§ 190.05–3 Fire hazards to be minimized.
(a) The general construction of the
vessel shall be such as to minimize fire
hazards.
§ 190.05–5 Woodwork insulated from
heated surfaces.
(a) Internal combustion engine exhausts, boiler, and galley uptakes, and
similar sources of ignition shall be
kept clear of and suitably insulated
from any woodwork or other combustible matter.
§ 190.05–10 Chemical storeroom and
lamp room construction.
(a) Chemical storerooms, lamp,
paint, and oil lockers and similar compartments shall be constructed of steel
or shall be wholly lined with metal.
§ 190.05–15 Segregation of spaces containing the emergency source of
electric power.
(a) When a compartment containing
the emergency source of electric
power, or vital components thereof, adjoins a space containing either the
ship’s service generators or machinery
necessary for the operation of the
ship’s service generators, all common
bulkheads and/or decks shall be protected by approved ‘‘structural insulation’’ or other approved material. This
protection shall be such as to be capable of preventing an excessive temperature rise in the space containing the

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§ 190.07–5

emergency source of electric power, or
vital components thereof, for a period
of at least 1 hour in the event of fire in
the adjoining space. Bulkheads or
decks meeting Class A–60 requirements, as defined by § 72.05–10 of Subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of this
chapter, will be considered as meeting
the requirements of this paragraph.
§ 190.05–20 Segregation of chemical
laboratories and chemical storerooms.
(a) The provisions of this section
shall apply to all vessels contracted for
on or after March 1, 1968.
(b) Chemical storerooms shall not be
located in horizontal proximity to nor
below accommodation or safety areas.
(c) Chemical storerooms shall not be
located adjacent to the collision bulkhead, nor boundary divisions of the
boilerroom, engineroom, galley, or
other high fire hazard area.
(d) Chemical laboratories shall not be
located adjacent to nor immediately
below safety areas. Wherever possible
they shall be similarly separated from
accomodation spaces and high fire hazard areas such as the galley.

Subpart 190.07—Structural Fire
Protection

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§ 190.07–1

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 190.07–90, shall
apply to all vessels of 4,000 gross tons
and over carrying not more than 150
persons and contracted for on or after
March 1, 1968.
(b) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 190.07–90, shall
apply to all vessels of 300 gross tons
and over, but less than 4,000 gross tons,
carrying in excess of 16 persons in the
scientific party but not more than 150
persons and contracted for on or after
March 1, 1968.
(c) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 190.07–90.
(d) Those vessels which carry more
than 150 persons shall meet the requirements in §§ 72.05–5 through 72.05–60
of Subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of
this chapter.

§ 190.07–5

Definitions.

(a) Standard fire tests. A standard fire
test is one which develops in the test
furnace a series of time temperature
relationships as follows:
5 minutes—1,000 °F.
10 minutes—1,300 °F.
30 minutes—1,550 °F.
60 minutes—1,700 °F.

(b) A Class divisions. Bulkheads or
decks of the A Class shall be composed
of steel or equivalent metal construction, suitably stiffened and made intact with the main structure of the
vessel; such as shell, structural bulkheads, and decks. They shall be so constructed, that if subjected to the standard fire test, they would be capable of
preventing the passage of flame and
smoke for 1 hour.
(c) B Class bulkheads. Bulkheads of
the B Class shall be constructed with
approved incombustible materials and
made intact from deck to deck and to
shell or other boundaries. They shall be
so constructed that, if subjected to the
standard fire test, they would be capable of preventing the passage of flame
for one-half hour.
(d) C Class divisions. Bulkheads or
decks of the C Class shall be constructed of approved incombustible
materials, but need meet no requirements relative to the passage of flame.
(e) Steel or other equivalent metal.
Where the term steel or other equivalent
metal is used in this subpart, it is intended to require a material which, by
itself or due to insulation provided, has
structural and integrity qualities
equivalent to steel at the end of the applicable fire exposure.
(f) Approved material. Where in this
subpart approved materials are required, they refer to materials approved under the applicable subparts of
part 164 of Subchapter Q (Specifications) of this chapter, as follows:
Deck coverings ..................................
Structural insulation ...........................
Bulkhead panels ................................
Incombustible materials .....................
Interior finish ......................................

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1125, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 74–155, 41 FR 17910, Apr. 29,
1976]

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§ 190.07–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 190.07–10 Construction.
(a) The hull, superstructure, structural bulkheads, decks, and deckhouses
shall be constructed of steel. Alternately, the Commandant may permit
the use of other suitable material in
special cases, having in mind the risk
of fire.
(b) The boundary bulkheads of general laboratory areas, chemical storerooms, galleys, paint and lamp lockers
and emergency generator rooms shall
be of ‘‘A’’ class construction.
(1) Permanently installed divisional
bulkheads between laboratories spaces
within a general laboratory area may
be of B or C class construction.
(2) Temporary divisional bulkheads
between laboratory spaces within a
general laboratory area may be constructed of combustible materials
when they are necessary to facilitate a
specific scientific mission.
(c) The boundary bulkheads and
decks separating the accomodations
and control stations from hold and machinery spaces, galleys, main pantries,
laboratories, and storerooms, other
than small service lockers, shall be of
‘‘A’’ Class construction.
(1) The boundary bulkheads and
decks separating general laboratory
areas of 500 square feet or less from accommodations and control stations
shall be of ‘‘A–15’’ Class construction
as defined by § 72.05–10 of Subchapter H
(Passenger Vessels) of this chapter.
(2) The boundary bulkheads and
decks separating general laboratory
areas of over 500 square feet from accommodations and control stations
shall be of ‘‘A–30’’ Class construction
as defined by § 72.05–10 of Subchapter H
(Passenger Vessels) of this chapter.
(d) Within the accommodation and
service areas the following conditions
shall apply:
(1) Corridor bulkheads in accommodation spaces shall be of the ‘‘A’’ or
‘‘B’’ Class intact from deck to deck.
Stateroom doors in such bulkheads
may have a louver in the lower half.
(2) Elevator, dumbwaiter, stairtower,
and other trunks shall be of ‘‘A’’ Class
construction.
(3) Bulkheads not already specified to
be of ‘‘A’’ or ‘‘B’’ Class construction
may be of ‘‘A’’, ‘‘B’’, or ‘‘C’’ Class construction.

(4) The integrity of any deck in way
of a stairway, shall be maintained by
means of ‘‘A’’ or ‘‘B’’ class bulkheads
and doors at one level. The integrity of
a stairtower shall be maintained by
‘‘A’’ class doors at every level. The
door shall be of the self-closing type.
Holdback hooks will not be permitted.
However, magnetic holdbacks operated
from the bridge or other suitable remote control positions are acceptable.
(5) Interior stairs, including stringers
and treads, shall be of steel.
(6) Except for washrooms and toilet
spaces, deck coverings within accommodation spaces shall be of an approved type. However, overlays for leveling or finishing purposes which do
not meet the requirements for an approved deck covering may be used in
thicknesses not exceeding three-eights
of an inch.
(7) Ceilings, linings, and insulation,
including pipe and duct laggings, shall
be approved incombustible materials.
(8) Any sheathing, furring, or holding
pieces incidental to the securing of any
bulkhead, ceiling, lining, or insulation
shall be of approved incombustible materials.
(9) Bulkheads, linings, and ceiling
may have a combustible veneer within
a room not to exceed two twentyeighths of an inch in thickness. However, combustible veneers, trim, decorations, etc., shall not be used in corridors or hidden spaces. This is not intended to preclude the use of an approved interior finish or a reasonable
number of coats of paint.
(e) Nitrocellulose or other highly
flammable or noxious fume-producing
paints or lacquers shall not be used.
(f) The provisions of paragraphs (d)
(1) through (9) of this section apply to
control spaces on vessels whose initial
Application for Inspection is submitted
to an Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection on or after June 15, 1987.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1125, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 84–073, 52 FR 18364, May 15,
1987; 52 FR 22751, June 15, 1987]

§ 190.07–90 Vessels
contracted
for
prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Existing structure arrangements
and materials previously approved will
be considered satisfactory so long as
they are maintained in good condition

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 190.10–45

to the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs and alterations may be made to
the same standards as the original construction.
(b) Conversions, major alterations,
new installations, and replacements
shall comply with the applicable specifications and requirements in this subpart for new vessels.

Subpart 190.10—Means of Escape
§ 190.10–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 190.10–90, shall
apply to all vessels other than non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons, contracted for on or after March
1, 1968.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 190.10–90.
(c) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall not be subject
to the provisions of this subpart.
§ 190.10–5 Two means required.
(a) There shall be at least two means
of escape from all general areas where
the crew or scientific personnel may be
quartered or normally employed. At
least one of these two means of escape
shall be independent of watertight
doors and hatches, except for quick
acting watertight doors giving final access to weather decks.
§ 190.10–10 Location.
(a) The two means of escape shall be
as remote as practicable so as to minimize the possibility of one incident
blocking both escapes.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 190.10–15 Vertical ladders not accepted.
(a) Vertical ladders and deck scuttles
shall not in general be considered satisfactory as one of the required means of
escape. However, where it is demonstrated that the installation of a
stairway would be impracticable, a
vertical ladder may be used as the second means of escape.
§ 190.10–20 No means for locking
doors.
(a) No means shall be provided for
locking door giving access to either of

the two required means of escape except that crash doors or locking devices, capable of being easily forced in
an emergency, may be employed provided a permanent and conspicuous notice to this effect is attached to both
sides of the door. This paragraph shall
not apply to outside doors to deckhouses where such doors are locked by
key only and such key is under the
control of one of the vessel’s officers.
§ 190.10–25

Stairway size.

(a) Stairways shall be of sufficient
width having in mind the number of
persons having access to such stairs for
escape purposes.
(b) All interior stairways, other than
those within the machinery spaces,
shall have minimum width of 28 inches.
The angle of inclination with the horizontal of such stairways shall not exceed 50°.
(c) Special consideration for relief
may be given if it is shown to be unreasonable or impracticable to meet the
requirements in this section.
§ 190.10–30

Dead end corridors.

(a) Dead end corridors, or the equivalent, more than 40 feet in length shall
not be permitted.
§ 190.10–35

Public spaces.

(a) In all cases, public spaces having
a deck area of over 300 square feet shall
have at least two exits. Where practicable, these exits shall give egress to
different corridors, rooms, or spaces to
minimize the possibility of one incident blocking both exits.
§ 190.10–40

Access to lifeboats.

(a) The stairways, corridors, and
doors shall be so arranged as to permit
a ready and direct access to the various
lifeboat and liferaft embarkation
areas.
§ 190.10–45
tions.

Weather deck communica-

(a) Vertical communication shall be
provided between the various weather
decks by means of permanent inclined
ladders.

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§ 190.10–90

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 190.10–90 Vessels
contracted
prior to March 1, 1968.

for

(a) Existing arrangements previously
approved will be considered satisfactory so long as they are maintained in
good condition to the satisfaction of
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs and alterations
may be made to the same standards as
the original design: Provided, That in
no case will a greater departure from
the standards of §§ 190.10–5 through
190.10–45 be permitted than presently
exists. Nothing in this paragraph shall
be construed as exempting any vessel
from having two means of escape from
all main compartments where persons
on board may be quartered or normally
employed.

Subpart 190.15—Ventilation
§ 190.15–1

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 190.15–90, shall
apply to all vessels other than non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons, contracted for on or after March
1, 1968.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 190.15–90.
(c) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall not be subject
to the provisions of this subpart.
§ 190.15–5 Vessels using fuel having a
flashpoint of 110 ≥F. or lower.
(a) Spaces containing machinery
which uses, or tanks which contain,
fuel having a flashpoint of 110 °F. or
lower shall have natural supply and
mechanical exhaust ventilation as required by this section.
(b) The mechanical exhaust system
shall be such as to assure the air
changes as noted in Table 190.15–5(b)
depending on the size of the space.
TABLE 190.15–5(b)

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Size of space, cubic feet
Over

Not over

....................................................
500 .............................................
1000 ...........................................
1500 ...........................................

500
1000
1500
....................

Minute per
air change
2
3
4
5

(c) Exhaust blower motors, unless of
a totally enclosed, explosion-proof
type, shall be located outside of the
ducts and outside of the compartment
required to be ventilated. Exhaust
blower motors if mounted in any compartment shall be located as high
above the bilge as practicable. Blower
blades shall be nonsparking with reference to their housings.
(d) Exhaust blower switches shall be
located outside of any space required
to be ventilated by this section, and
shall be of the type interlocked with
the ignition switch so that the blowers
are started before the engine ignition
is switched on. A red warning sign at
the switch shall state that the blowers
shall be operated prior to starting the
engines for a sufficient time to insure
at least one complete change of air in
the compartments.
(e) The area of the ducts shall be
such as to limit the air velocity to a
maximum of 2,000 feet per minute.
Ducts may be of any shape: Provided,
That in no case shall one cross section
dimension exceed twice the other.
(f) At least two inlet ducts shall be
located at one end of the compartment
and they shall extend to the lowest
part of the compartment or bilge on
each side. Similar exhaust ducts shall
be led to the mechanical exhaust system from the lowest part of the compartment or bilge on each side of the
compartment at the end opposite from
that at which the inlet ducts are fitted.
These ducts shall be so installed that
ordinary collection of water in the
bilge will not close off the ducts.
(g) All ducts shall be of steel construction and reasonably gastight from
end to end. The ducts shall lead as direct as possible and be properly fastened and supported.
(h) All supply ducts shall be provided
with cowls or scoops having a free area
not less than twice the required duct
area. When the cowls or scoops are
screened, the mouth area shall be increased to compensate for the area of
the screen wire. Dampers shall not be
fitted in the supply ducts. Cowls or
scoops shall be kept open at all times
except when the stress of weather is
such as to endanger the vessel if the
openings are not temporarily closed.
Supply and exhaust openings shall not

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 190.20–10

be located where the natural flow of air
is unduly obstructed, or adjacent to
possible sources of vapor ignition, nor
shall they be so located that exhaust
air may be taken into the supply vents.
(i) Provision shall be made for closing all cowls or scoops when the fixed
carbon dioxide system is operated.
§ 190.15–10 Ventilation
for
closed
spaces.
(a) All enclosed spaces within the
vessel shall be properly vented or ventilated. Means shall be provided to
close off all vents and ventilators.
(b) Means shall be provided for stopping all fans in ventilation systems
serving the chemical laboratories, scientific laboratories, chemical storerooms, and machinery spaces and for
closing all doorways, ventilators, and
annular spaces around funnels and
other openings to such spaces, from
outside these spaces, in case of fire.
(c) See §§ 194.15–5 and 194.20–5 of this
subchapter for ventilation of chemical
laboratories, scientific laboratories,
and storerooms.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 190.15–15 Ventilation
for
living
spaces and quarters.
(a) All living spaces shall be adequately ventilated in a manner suitable to the purpose of the space.
(b) All spaces used as quarters for
crewmembers and scientific personnel
shall be ventilated by a mechanical
system unless it can be shown that a
natural system will provide adequate
ventilation. By a natural system is
meant those spaces so located that the
windows, ports, skylights, etc., and
doors to passageways can be kept open
and thereby provide adequate ventilation under all ordinary conditions of
weather.
§ 190.15–90 Vessels
contracted
for
prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Existing arrangements previously
approved will be considered satisfactory so long as they are maintained in
good condition to the satisfaction of
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs and alterations
may be made to the same standards as
the original design: Provided, That in
no case will a greater departure from
the standards of §§ 190.15–5 through

190.15–15 be permitted than presently
exists.

Subpart 190.20—Accomodations
for Officers, Crew, and Scientific Personnel
SOURCE: CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26011, May 23,
1996, unless otherwise noted.

§ 190.20–1

Application.

(a) Except as noted below, the provisions of this subpart apply to all vessels contracted for on or after March 1,
1968.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, must meet the requirements of § 190.20–90.
§ 190.20–5

Intent.

(a) The accommodations provided for
officers, crew, and scientific personnel
on all vessels must be securely constructed, properly lighted, heated,
drained, ventilated, equipped, located,
arranged, and, where practicable, shall
be insulated from undue noise, heat,
and odors.
(b) Provided the intent of this subpart is met, consideration may be
given by the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection to relax the requirements
relating to the size and separation of
accommodations for scientific personnel.
§ 190.20–10

Location of crew spaces.

(a) Crew quarters must not be located
farther forward in the vessel than a
vertical plane located at 5 percent of
the vessel’s length abaft the forward
side of the stem at the designated summer load water line. However, for vessels in other than ocean or coastwise
service, this distance need not exceed
8.5 meters (28 feet). For purpose of this
paragraph, the vessel’s length shall be
as defined in § 43.15–1 of subchapter E
(Load Lines) of this chapter. Unless approved by the Commandant, no section
of the deck head of the crew spaces
may be below the deepest load line.
(b) There must be no direct communication, except through solid, close
fitted doors or hatches between crew
spaces and chain lockers, or machinery
spaces.

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§ 190.20–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 190.20–15 Construction.
All crew spaces are to be constructed
and arranged in a manner suitable to
the purpose for which they are intended and so they can be kept in a
clean, workable and sanitary condition.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 190.20–20 Sleeping accommodations.
(a) Where practicable, each licensed
officer must be provided with a separate stateroom.
(b) Sleeping accommodations for the
crew must be divided into rooms, no
one of which must berth more than 4
persons.
(c) Each room must be of such size
that there are at least 2.78 square meters (30 square feet) of deck area and a
volume of at least 5.8 cubic meters (210
cubic feet) for each person accommodated. The clear head room must be
not less than 190 centimeters (75
inches). In measuring sleeping accommodations any furnishings contained
therein for the use of the occupants are
not to be deducted from the total volume or from the deck area.
(d) Each person shall have a separate
berth and not more than one berth may
be placed above another. The berth
must be composed of materials not
likely to corrode. The overall size of a
berth must not be less than 68 centimeters (27 inches) wide by 190 centimeters (75 inches) long, except by special permission of the Commandant.
Where two tiers of berths are fitted,
the bottom of the lower berth must not
be less than 30 centimeters (12 inches)
above the deck. The berths must not be
obstructed by pipes, ventilating ducts,
or other installations.
(e) A locker must be provided for
each person accommodated in a room.
§ 190.20–25 Washrooms
and
toilet
rooms.
(a) There must be provided at least 1
toilet, 1 washbasin, and 1 shower or
bathtub for each 8 members or portion
thereof in the crew to be accommodated who do not occupy rooms to
which private or semi-private facilities
are attached.
(b) The toilet rooms and washrooms
must be located convenient to the
sleeping quarters of the crew to which
they are allotted but must not open di-

rectly into such quarters except when
they are provided as private or semiprivate facilities.
(c) All washbasins, showers, and
bathtubs must be equipped with adequate plumbing, including hot and cold
running water. All toilets must be installed with adequate plumbing for
flushing. Where more than 1 toilet is
located in a space or compartment,
each toilet must be separated by partitions.
§ 190.20–30

Messrooms.

(a) Messrooms must be located as
near to the galley as is practicable except where the messroom is equipped
with a steam table.
(b) Each messroom must seat the
number of persons expected to eat in
the messroom at one time.
§ 190.20–35

Hospital space.

(a) Except as specifically modified by
paragraph (f) of this section, each vessel which in the ordinary course of its
trade makes voyages of more than 3
days duration between ports and which
carries a crew of 12 or more, must be
provided with a hospital space. This
space must be situated with regard to
the comfort of the sick so that they
may receive proper attention in all
weather.
(b) The hospital must be suitably separated from other spaces and must be
used for the care of the sick and for no
other purpose.
(c) The hospital must be fitted with
berths in the ratio of 1 berth to every
12 members of the crew or portion
thereof who are not berthed in single
occupancy rooms, but the number of
berths need not exceed 6. Where all single occupancy rooms are provided, the
requirement for a separate hospital
may be withdrawn, provided that 1
stateroom is fitted with a bunk accessible from both sides.
(d) [Reserved]
(e) The hospital must have a toilet,
washbasin, and bathtub or shower conveniently situated. Other necessary
suitable equipment such as a clothes
locker, a table and a seat must be provided.
(f) On vessels in which the crew is
berthed in single occupancy rooms, a

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 190.25–10

hospital space will not be required, provided that 1 room must be designated
and fitted with use as a treatment or
isolation room. This room must meet
the following standards:
(1) The room must be available for
immediate medical use; and
(2) A washbasin with hot and cold
running water must be installed either
in or immediately adjacent to the
space and other required sanitary facilities must be conveniently located.
§ 190.20–40

Other spaces.

Each vessel shall have—
(a) Sufficient facilities where the
crew may wash and dry their own
clothes, including at least 1 sink supplied with hot and cold fresh water;
(b) Recreation spaces; and
(c) A space or spaces of adequate size
on the open deck to which the crew has
access when off duty.
§ 190.20–45

Lighting.

Each berth must have a light.
§ 190.20–50

Heating and cooling.

(a) All manned spaces must be adequately heated and cooled in a manner
suitable to the purpose of the space.
(b) Radiators and other heating apparatus must be so placed and shielded,
where necessary, to avoid risk of fire,
danger or discomfort to the occupants.
Pipes leading to radiators or heating
apparatus must be insulated where
those pipes create a hazard to persons
occupying the space.
§ 190.20–55

Insect screens.

Provisions must be made to protect
the crew quarters against the admission of insects.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 190.20–90 Vessels
contracted
prior to March 1, 1968.

for

Existing structures, arrangements,
materials, and facilities previously approved will be considered satisfactory
so long as they are maintained in good
condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
Minor repairs and alterations may be
made to the same standards as the
original construction, provided that in
no case will a greater departure from
the standards of §§ 190.20–5 through

190.20–55 be permitted than presently
exists.

Subpart 190.25—Rails and Guards
§ 190.25–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
with the exception of § 190.25–90, apply
to all vessels contracted for on or after
July 1, 1969.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
July 1, 1969 shall meet the requirements of § 190.25–90.
[CGFR 69–72, 34 FR 17503, Oct. 29, 1969]

§ 190.25–5 Where rails required.
(a) All vessels shall have efficient
guard rails or bulwarks on decks and
bridges. The height of rails or bulwarks
shall be at least 391⁄2 inches from the
deck. At exposed peripheries of the
freeboard and superstructure decks,
the rails shall be in at least three
courses, including the top. The opening
below the lowest course shall not be
more than 9 inches. The courses shall
not be more than 15 inches apart. In
the case of ships with rounded
gunwales the guard rail supports shall
be placed in the flat of the deck. On
other decks and bridges the rails shall
be in at least two courses, including
the top, approximately evenly spaced.
If it can be shown to the satisfaction of
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, that the installation of rails of
such height will be unreasonable and
impracticable, having regard to the
business of the vessel, rails of a lesser
height or in some cases grab rails may
be accepted and inboard rails may be
eliminated if the deck is not generally
accessible.
(b) Where it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Commandant that a
vessel is engaged exclusively in voyages of a sheltered nature, the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section
may be relaxed.
[CGFR 69–72, 34 FR 17503, Oct. 29, 1969]

§ 190.25–10 Storm rails.
(a) On vessels in ocean and coastwise
service, suitable storm rails shall be installed in all passageways and at the
deckhouse sides where persons on
board might have normal access.
Storm rails shall be installed on both

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§ 190.25–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)
Subpart 193.15—Carbon Dioxide
Extinguishing Systems, Details

sides of passageways which are 6 feet or
more in width.
§ 190.25–15 Guards
places.

in

dangerous

(a) Suitable hand covers, guards, or
rails shall be installed in way of all exposed and dangerous places such as
gears, machinery, etc.
§ 190.25–90 Vessels
contracted
prior to July 1, 1969.

for

(a) Existing structures, arrangements, materials, and facilities previously approved will be considered
satisfactory so long as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection. Minor repairs and alterations may be made to the same standards as the original construction: Provided, That in no case will a greater departure from the standards of §§ 190.25–
5 through 190.25–15 be permitted than
presently exists.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1125, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 69–72, 34 FR 17503, Oct. 29,
1969]

193.15–1 Application.
193.15–5 Quantity, pipe sizes, and discharge
rates.
193.15–10 Controls.
193.15–15 Piping.
193.15–20 Carbon dioxide storage.
193.15–25 Discharge outlets.
193.15–30 Alarms.
193.15–35 Enclosure openings.
193.15–40 Pressure relief.
193.15–90 Installations contracted for prior
to March 1, 1968.

Subpart 193.30—Automatic Sprinkler
Systems
193.30–1

Subpart 193.50—Hand Portable Fire Extinguishers and Semiportable Fire Extinguishing Systems, Arrangements and
Details
193.50–1 Application.
193.50–5 Classification.
193.50–10 Location.
193.50–15 Spare charges.
193.50–20 Semiportable fire extinguishers.
193.50–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

PARTS 191–192 [RESERVED]

Subpart 193.60—Fire Axes
193.60–1 Application.
193.60–5 Number required.
193.60–10 Location.

PART 193—FIRE PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT
Subpart 193.01—Application
Sec.
193.01–1 General.
193.01–3 Incorporation by reference.
193.01–5 Equipment installed but not required.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2213, 3102, 3306; E.O.
12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277;
Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 193.01—Application

Subpart 193.05—Fire Detecting and
Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required
193.05–1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and
supervised patrol systems.
193.05–5 Fire main system.
193.05–10 Fixed fire extinguishing systems.
193.05–15 Hand portable fire extinguishers
and semiportable fire extinguishing systems.

Subpart 193.10—Fire Main System, Details

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Application.

193.10–1 Application.
193.10–5 Fire pumps.
193.10–10 Fire hydrants and hose.
193.10–15 Piping.
193.10–90 Installations contracted for prior
to March 1, 1968.

§ 193.01–1 General.
(a) The provisions of this part shall
apply to all vessels other than non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons.
(b) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall not be subject
to the provisions of this part, except as
provided otherwise by §§ 193.01–5 and
193.50–1.
§ 193.01–3 Incorporation by reference.
(a) Certain material is incorporated
by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 193.05–10

Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1
CFR part 51. To enforce any edition
other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish notice of change in the FEDERAL REGISTER and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on
the availability of this material at
NARA, call 202–741–6030 or go to http://
www.archives.gov/federallregister/
codeloflfederallregulations/
ibrllocations.html. Also, it is available
for inspection at the Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG–521), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop
7126, Washington, DC 20593–7126, 202–
372–1405, and is available from the
sources listed below.
(b) American Society for Testing and
Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor
Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–
2959, telephone 610–832–9585, http://
www.astm.org.
(1) ASTM F 1121–87 (1993), Standard
Specification for International Shore
Connections for Marine Fire Applications, incorporation by reference approved for § 193.10–10.
(2) [Reserved]
(c) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269–9101, telephone 800–
344–3555, http://www.nfpa.org.
(1) NFPA 13–1996, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, incorporation by reference approved for
§ 193.30–1.
(2) [Reserved]
[USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49240, Sept. 25, 2009]

§ 193.01–5 Equipment installed but not
required.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

(a) On all vessels, including non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons, where fire detecting or extinguishing systems or equipment are not
required, but are installed, the system
or equipment and its installation shall
meet the requirements of this part.

Subpart 193.05—Fire Detecting
and Extinguishing Equipment,
Where Required
§ 193.05–1 Fire
detecting,
manual
alarm, and supervised patrol systems.
(a) Fire detecting, manual alarm, and
supervised patrol systems are not required, but if installed, the systems
shall meet the applicable requirements
of part 76 of Subchapter H (Passenger
Vessels) of this chapter.
§ 193.05–5

Fire main system.

(a) Fire pumps, hydrants, hose, and
nozzles shall be installed on all manned
vessels.
(b) Except as provided for in § 193.10–
10(e), the fire main must be a pressurized or a remotely controlled system.
(c) The arrangements and details of
the fire main system shall be as set
forth in subpart 193.10.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 75–031, 40 FR 48349, Oct. 15,
1975]

§ 193.05–10 Fixed
systems.

fire

extinguishing

(a) Approved fire extinguishing systems shall be installed in those locations delineated in this section.
(b) A fixed carbon dioxide or other
approved system shall be installed in
all lamp and paint lockers, oil rooms,
and similar spaces.
(c) Fire extinguishing systems shall
be provided for internal combustion engine installations in accordance with
the following:
(1) Enclosed spaces containing gasoline engines shall have fixed carbon dioxide systems.
(2) If a fire extinguishing system is
installed to protect an internal combustion or gas turbine installation, the
system shall be of the carbon dioxide
type.
(3) On vessels of 1,000 gross tons and
over, a fixed carbon dioxide system
shall be installed in all spaces containing internal combustion or gas turbine main propulsion machinery, auxiliaries with an aggregate power of 1,000
b. hp. or greater, or their fuel oil units,
including purifiers, valves, and manifolds.

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§ 193.05–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(d) A fixed carbon dioxide system
shall be installed in all chemical storerooms.
(e) On vessels of 1,000 gross tons and
over, a fixed carbon dioxide, or foam
system shall be installed in all spaces
containing oil fired boilers, either
main or auxiliary, or their fuel oil
units, valves, or manifolds in the line
between the settling tanks and the
boilers. The arrangement and details of
the foam system shall be as set forth in
part 95 of Subchapter I (Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels) of this chapter.
(f) Where an enclosed ventilating system is installed for electric propulsion
motors or generators, a fixed carbon dioxide extinguishing system shall be installed in such system.
(g) The arrangements and details of
the fixed carbon dioxide extinguishing
systems shall be as set forth in subpart
193.15.
(h) Additional specific requirements
for fire extinguishing systems for
spaces containing explosives and other
dangerous articles or substances are in
part 194 of this subchapter.
§ 193.05–15 Hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems.
(a) Approved hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems shall be installed on
all manned vessels as set forth in subpart 193.50.

Subpart 193.10—Fire Main System,
Details
§ 193.10–1

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 193.10–90, shall
apply to all vessels contracted for on or
after March 1, 1968.
(b) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 193.10–90.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 193.10–5

Fire pumps.

(a) Vessels shall be equipped with
independently driven fire pumps in accordance with Table 193.10–5(a).

TABLE 193.10–5(a)
Gross tons
Over

100
1,000
1,500

Not
over
100
1,000
1,500
.............

Minimum
number
of
pumps

Hose
and hydrant
size,
inches

11

1 11⁄2

1 1⁄2

1
2
2

11⁄2
11⁄2
2 21⁄2

⁄
⁄
2 7⁄8

Nozzle
orifice
size,
inches

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50
50
50
2 50

1 On vessels of 65 feet in length or less, 3⁄4-inch hose of
good commercial grade together with a commercial garden
hose nozzle may be used. The pump may be hand operated
and the length of hose shall be sufficient to assure coverage
of all parts of the vessel.
2 75 feet of 11⁄2-inch hose and 5⁄8-inch nozzle may be used
where specified by § 193.10–10(b) for interior locations and 50
feet 11⁄2-inch hose may be used in exterior locations on vessels in other than ocean or coastwise services.

(b) On vessels of 1,000 gross tons and
over on an international voyage, each
required fire pump, while delivering
water through the fire main system at
a pressure corresponding to that required by paragraph (c) of this section,
shall have a minimum capacity of at
least two-thirds of that required for an
independent bilge pump. However, in
no case shall the capacity of each fire
pump be less than that otherwise required by this section.
(c) Each pump must be capable of delivering water simultaneously from the
outlets having the greatest pressure
drop from the five pumps to the nozzles
which may not always be the two highest outlets, at a Pitot tube pressure of
not less than 50 p.s.i. Where 11⁄2-inch
hose is permitted in lieu of 21⁄2-inch
hose by footnote 2 of Table 193.10–5(a),
the pump capacity shall be determined
on the same basis as if 21⁄2-inch hose
had been permitted. Where 3⁄4-inch hose
is permitted by Table 193.10–5(a), the
Pitot tube pressure may not be less
than 35 p.s.i.
(d) Fire pumps shall be fitted on the
discharge side with relief valves set to
relieve at 25 p.s.i. in excess of the pressure necessary to maintain the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section
or 125 p.s.i., whichever is greater. Relief valves may be omitted if the
pumps, operating under shutoff conditions, are not capable of developing a
pressure exceeding this amount.
(e) Fire pumps shall be fitted with a
pressure gage on the discharge side of
the pumps.
(f) Fire pumps may be used for other
purposes provided at least one of the
required pumps is kept available for

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Length
of hose,
feet

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 193.10–10

use on the fire system at all times. In
no case shall a pump having connection
to an oil line be used as a fire pump.
Branch lines connected to the fire main
for purposes other than fire and deck
wash shall be so arranged that adequate water can be made continuously
available for firefighting purposes.
(g) The total area of the pipes leading
from a pump shall not be less than the
discharge area of the pump.
(h) On vessels with oil fired boilers,
either main or auxiliary, or with internal combustion propulsion machinery,
where 2 fire pumps are required, they
shall be located in separate spaces, and
the arrangement, pumps, sea connections, and sources of power shall be
such as to insure that a fire in any one
space will not put all of the fire pumps
out of operation. However, where it is
shown to the satisfaction of the Commandant that it is unreasonable or impracticable to meet this requirement
due to the size or arrangement of the
vessel, or for other reasons, the installation of a total flooding carbon dioxide system may be accepted as an alternate method of extinguishing any
fire which would affect the powering
and operation for the required fire
pumps.
(i) Except as provided for in § 193.10–
10(e), a sufficient number of hose
streams for fire fighting purposes must
be immediately available from the fire
main at all times by either of the following methods:
(1) Maintenance of water pressure. (i)
Water pressure must be maintained on
the fire main at all times by the continuous operation of:
(A) One of the fire pumps; or
(B) Another suitable pump capable of
supplying one hose stream at a Pitot
tube pressure of not less than 50 p.s.i.
(35 p.s.i. for 3⁄4-inch hose); or,
(C) A pressure tank capable of supplying one hose stream at a Pitot tube
pressure of not less than 50 p.s.i. (35
p.s.i. for 3⁄4-inch hose) for five minutes.
(ii) An audible alarm must be installed to sound in a continuously
manned space if the pressure in the fire
main drops to less than that necessary
to maintain the minimum Pitot tube
pressures specified in § 193.10–5(i)(1)(i).

(2) Remote control of fire pumps. (i) At
least one fire pump must be capable of
remote activation and control.
(ii) If the fire pump is in a continuously manned machinery space, the
controls for operating it and the controls for all necessary valves must be
located on the manned operating platform in that space.
(iii) If the fire pump is in an unmanned machinery space, the controls
for its operation and the controls for
all necessary valves must be located in:
(A) The fire control station, if any;
or,
(B) The bridge, if there is no fire control station; or,
(C) A readily accessible space acceptable to the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 75–031, 40 FR 48349, Oct. 15,
1975; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 193.10–10 Fire hydrants and hose.
(a) The size of fire hydrants, hose,
and nozzles and the length of hose required shall be as noted in Table 193.10–
5(a).
(b) In lieu of the 21⁄2-inch hose and
hydrants specified in Table 193.10–5(a),
on vessels over 1,500 gross tons, the hydrants in interior locations may have
siamese connections for 11⁄2-inch hose.
In these cases the hose shall be 75 feet
in length, and only one hose will be required at each fire station; however, if
all such stations can be satisfactorily
served with 50-foot lengths, 50-foot
hose may be used.
(c) On vessels of 500 gross tons and
over there must be at least one shore
connection to the fire main available
to each side of the vessel in an accessible location. Suitable cutout valves
and check valves must be provided for
furnishing the vessel’s shore connections with couplings mating those on
the shore fire lines. Vessels of 500 gross
tons and over on an international voyage, must be provided with at least one
international shore connection complying with ASTM F 1121 (incorporated
by reference, see § 193.01–3). Facilities
must be available enabling an international shore connection to be used
on either side of the vessel.
(d) Fire hydrants must be of sufficient number and so located that any

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§ 193.10–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

part of the vessel, other than main machinery spaces, may be reached with at
least 2 streams of water from separate
outlets, at least one of which must be
from a single length of hose. In main
machinery spaces, all portions of such
spaces must be capable of being
reached by at least 2 streams of water,
each of which must be from a single
length of hose from separate outlets;
however, this requirement need not
apply to shaft alleys containing no assigned space for the stowage of combustibles. Fire hydrants must be numbered as required by § 196.37–15 of this
subchapter.
(e) All parts of the fire main located
on exposed decks shall either be protected against freezing or be fitted
with cutout valves and drain valves so
that the entire exposed parts of such
piping may be shut off and drained in
freezing weather. Except when closed
to prevent freezing, such valves shall
be sealed open.
(f) The outlet at the fire hydrant
shall be limited to any position from
the horizontal to the vertical pointing
downward, so that the hose will lead
horizontally or downward to minimize
the possibility of kinking.
(g) Each fire hydrant shall be provided with a single length of hose with
nozzle attached and a spanner. A suitable hose rack or other device shall be
provided for the proper stowage of the
hose. If the hose is not stowed in the
open or behind glass so as to be readily
seen, the enclosures shall be marked in
accordance with § 196.37–15 of this subchapter.
(h) Fire hose shall be connected to
the outlets at all times. However, at
open decks where no protection is afforded to the hose in heavy weather,
the hose may be temporarily removed
from the hydrant and stowed in an accessible nearby location.
(i) Each fire hydrant must have at
least 1 length of firehose. Each firehose
must have a combination solid stream
and water spray nozzle that is approved
under subpart 162.027 of this subchapter, except 19 millimeters (3/4
inch) hose may have a garden hose nozzle that is bronze or metal with
strength and corrosion resistance
equivalent to bronze. Combination
solid stream and water spray nozzles

previously approved under subpart
162.027 of this chapter may be retained
so long as they are maintained in good
condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(j) When the firehose nozzle in the
below locations was previously approved under subpart 162.027 of this
chapter, a low-velocity water spray applicator, also previously approved
under subpart 162.027, of this chapter
must be installed as follows:
(1) At least 1 length of firehose on
each fire hydrant outside and in the
immediate vicinity of each laboratory;
(2) Each firehose in each propulsion
machinery space containing oil-fired
boiler, internal combustion machinery,
or oil fuel unit on a vessel of 1000 gross
tons or more—the length of each applicator must be 1.2 meters (4 feet).
(k) Fixed brackets, hooks, or other
means for stowing an applicator must
be next to each fire hydrant that has
an applicator under paragraph (j) of
this section.
(l) Firehose shall not be used for any
other purpose than fire extinguishing,
drills, and testing.
(m) Fire hydrants, nozzles, and other
fittings shall have threads to accommodate the hose connections noted in
this paragraph. Firehose and couplings
shall be as follows:
(1) Couplings shall be of brass,
bronze, or other equivalent metal. National Standard firehose coupling
threads shall be used for the 11⁄2-inch
and 21⁄2-inch sizes, i.e., 9 threads per
inch for 11⁄2-inch hose and 71⁄2 threads
per inch for 21⁄2-inch hose.
(2) Unlined hose shall not be used in
the machinery spaces.
(3) Where 3⁄4-inch hose is permitted by
Table 193.10–5(a), the hose and couplings shall be of good commercial
grade.
(4) Each section of fire hose used
after January 1, 1980 must be lined
commercial fire hose that conforms to
Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. Standard 19 or Federal Specification ZZ-H451E. Hose that bears the label of Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. as lined
fire hose is accepted as conforming to
this requirement. Each section of replacement fire hose or any section of
new fire hose placed aboard a vessel
after January 1, 1977 must also conform

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 193.15–5

to the specification required by this
paragraph.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 74–60, 41 FR 43152, Sept. 30,
1976; CGD 76–086, 44 FR 2394, Jan. 11, 1979;
CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35830, July 29, 1991; CGD
95–027, 61 FR 26012, May 23, 1996; USCG–2000–
7790, 65 FR 58465, Sept. 29, 2000]

§ 193.10–15

Piping.

(a) All piping, valves, and fittings,
shall meet the applicable requirements
of Subchapter F (Marine Engineering)
of this chapter.
(b) All distribution cut-off valves
shall be marked as required by § 196.37–
10 of this subchapter.
(c) For vessels on an international
voyage, the diameter of the fire main
shall be sufficient for the effective distribution of the maximum required discharge from two fire pumps operating
simultaneously. This requirement is in
addition to § 193.10–5(c). The discharge
of this quantity of water through hoses
and nozzles at a sufficient number of
adjacent hydrants must be at a minimum Pitot tube pressure of 50 pounds
per square inch.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 75–031, 40 FR 48349, Oct. 15,
1975]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 193.10–90 Installations contracted for
prior to March 1, 1968.
Installations contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, must meet the following
requirements:
(a) Except as specifically modified by
this paragraph, vessels must comply
with the requirements of §§ 193.10–5
through 193.10–15 insofar as the number
and general type of equipment is concerned.
(b) Existing equipment, except firehose nozzles and low-velocity water
spray applicators, previously approved
but not meeting the applicable requirements of §§ 193.10–5 through 193.10–15,
may be continued in service so long as
they are maintained in good condition
to the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs, alterations, and replacements
may be permitted to the same standards as the original installations. However, all new installations or major replacements must meet the applicable

requirements in this subpart for new
installations.
(c) Vessels must comply with the
general requirements of § 193.10–5 (c)
through (g), § 193.10–10 (d) through (m),
and § 193.10–15 insofar as is reasonable
and practicable.
(d) Each firehose nozzle must meet
§ 193.10–10(i), and each low-velocity
water spray applicator must meet
§ 193.10–10(j).
[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26013, May 23, 1996]

Subpart 193.15—Carbon Dioxide
Extinguishing Systems, Details
§ 193.15–1

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all new installations
contracted for on or after March 1,
1968.
(b) Installations contracted for prior
to March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of § 193.15–90.
(c) The requirements of this subpart
are based on a ‘‘high pressure system,’’
i.e., one in which the carbon dioxide is
stored in liquid form at atmospheric
temperature. Details for ‘‘low pressure
systems,’’ i.e., those in which the carbon dioxide is stored in liquid form at
a continuously controlled low temperature, may be specifically approved by
the Commandant where it is demonstrated that a comparable degree of
safety and fire extinguishing ability is
achieved.
§ 193.15–5 Quantity, pipe sizes, and discharge rates.
(a) General. The amount of carbon dioxide required for each space shall be
as determined by paragraphs (b)
through (d) of this section.
(b) Total available supply. A separate
supply of carbon dioxide need not be
provided for each space protected. The
total available supply shall be at least
sufficient for the space requiring the
greatest amount.
(c) Enclosed ventilation systems for rotating electrical propulsion equipment. (1)
The number of pounds of carbon dioxide required for the initial charge shall
be equal to the gross volume of the system divided by 10 for systems having a
volume of less than 2,000 cubic feet, and

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§ 193.15–5

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

divided by 12 for systems having a volume of 2,000 cubic feet or more.
(2) In addition to the amount required by paragraph (c)(1) of this section there shall be sufficient carbon dioxide available to permit delayed discharges of such quantity as to maintain at least a 25-percent concentration
until the equipment can be stopped. If
the initial discharge is such as to
achieve this concentration until the
equipment is stopped, no delayed discharge need be provided.
(3) The piping for the delayed discharge shall not be less than 1⁄2-inch
standard pipe, and no specific discharge
rate need be applied to such systems.
On small systems, this pipe may be incorporated with the initial discharge
piping.
(4) The piping for the initial charge
shall be in accordance with Table
193.15–5(d)(4), and the discharge of the
required amount shall be completed
within 2 minutes.
(d) Machinery spaces, paint lockers,
tanks, chemical storerooms, and similar
spaces. (1) Except as provided in paragraph (d)(3) of this section, the number
of pounds of carbon dioxide required for
each space shall be equal to the gross
volume of the space divided by the appropriate factor noted in Table 193.15–
5(d)(1). If fuel can drain from the compartment being protected to an adjacent compartment, or if the compartments are not entirely separate, the requirements for both compartments
shall be used to determine the amount
of carbon dioxide to be provided. The
carbon dioxide shall be arranged to discharge into both such compartments
simultaneously.
TABLE 193.15–5(d)(1)

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[Gross volume of compartment, cubic feet]
Over

Not over

................................................................
500 .........................................................
1,600 ......................................................
4,500 ......................................................
50,000 ....................................................

500
1,600
4,500
50,000
................

Factor
15
16
18
20
22

(2) For the purpose of the requirements of this paragraph, the volume of
the machinery space shall be taken as
exclusive of the normal machinery casing unless the boiler, internal combustion machinery, or fuel oil installa-

tions extend into such space, in which
case the volume shall be taken to the
top of the casing or the next material
reduction in casing area, whichever is
lower. ‘‘Normal machinery casing’’ and
‘‘material reduction in casing area’’
shall be defined as follows:
(i) By ‘‘normal machinery casing’’
shall be meant a casing the area of
which is not more than 40 percent of
the maximum area of the machinery
space.
(ii) By ‘‘material reduction in casing
area’’ shall be meant a reduction to at
least 40 percent of the casing area.
(3) For vessels on an international
voyage contracted for on or after May
26, 1965, the amount of carbon dioxide
required for a space containing propulsion boilers or internal combustion
propulsion machinery shall be as given
by paragraphs (d)(1) and (2) of this section or by dividing the entire volume,
including the casing, by a factor of 25,
whichever is the larger.
(4) Branch lines to the various spaces
shall be as noted in Table 193.15–5(d)(4).
TABLE 193.15–5(d)(4)
Maximum quantity of carbon dioxide required,
pounds

100 ...........................................................................
225 ...........................................................................
300 ...........................................................................
600 ...........................................................................
1,000 ........................................................................
2,450 ........................................................................
2,500 ........................................................................
4,450 ........................................................................
7,100 ........................................................................
10,450 ......................................................................
15,000 ......................................................................

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3⁄4
1
11⁄4
11⁄2
2
21⁄2
3
31⁄2
4
41⁄2
12

(5) Distribution piping within the
space shall be proportioned from the
supply line to give proper distribution
to the outlets without throttling.
(6) The number, type, and location of
discharge outlets shall be such as to
give a uniform distribution throughout
the space.
(7) The total area of all discharge
outlets shall not exceed 85 percent nor
be less than 35 percent of the normal
cylinder outlet area or the area of the
supply pipe, whichever is smaller. The
nominal cylinder outlet area in square
inches shall be determined by multiplying the factor 0.0022 by the number

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§ 193.15–15

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of pounds of carbon dioxide required,
except that in no case shall this outlet
area be less than 0.110 square inch.
(8) The discharge of at least 85 percent of the required amount of carbon
dioxide shall be complete within 2 minutes.
§ 193.15–10 Controls.
(a) Except as noted in § 193.15–20(b),
all controls and valves for the operation of the system shall be outside the
space protected and shall not be located in any space that might be cut
off or made inaccessible in the event of
fire in any of the spaces protected.
(b) If the same cylinders are used to
protect more than one hazard, a manifold with normally closed stop valves
shall be used to direct the carbon dioxide into the proper space. If cylinders
are used to protect only one hazard, a
normally closed stop valve shall be installed between the cylinders and the
hazard except for systems of the type
indicated in § 193.15–5(d) which contain
not more than 300 pounds of carbon dioxide.
(c) One of the stations controlling
the system for the main machinery
space and the chemical storerooms
shall be located as convenient as practicable to one of the main escapes from
these spaces. All control stations and
the individual valves and controls shall
be marked as required by §§ 196.37–10
and 196.37–13 of this subchapter.
(d) Systems of the type indicated in
§ 193.15–5(d) shall be actuated by one
control operating the valve to the
space and a separate control releasing
at least the required amount of carbon
dioxide. These two controls shall be located in a box or other enclosure clearly identified for the particular space.
Those systems installed without a stop
valve shall be operated by one control
releasing at least the required amount
of carbon dioxide.
(e) Where provisions are made for the
simultaneous release of a given amount
of carbon dioxide by operation of a remote control, provisions shall also be
made for manual control at the cylinders. Where gas pressure from pilot
cylinders is used as a means for releasing the remaining cylinders, not less
than two pilot cylinders shall be used
for systems consisting of more than

two cylinders. Each of the pilot cylinders shall be capable of manual control at the cylinder, but the remaining
cylinders need not be capable of individual manual control.
(f) Systems of the type indicated in
§ 193.15–5(d), other than systems for
tanks, which are of more than 300
pounds of carbon dioxide, shall be
fitted with an approved delayed discharge so arranged that the alarm will
be sounded for at least 20 seconds before the carbon dioxide is released into
the space. Such systems of not more
than 300 pounds of carbon dioxide shall
also have a similar delayed discharge,
except for those systems for tanks and
for spaces which have a suitable horizontal escape.
(g) All distribution valves and controls shall be of an approved type. All
controls shall be suitably protected.
(h) Complete but simple instructions
for the operation of the systems must
be located in a conspicuous place at or
near all pull boxes, stop valve controls
and in the CO2 cylinder storage room.
On systems in which the CO2 cylinders
are not within the protected space,
these instructions must also include a
schematic diagram of the system and
instructions detailing alternate methods of discharging the system should
the manual release or stop valve controls fail to operate. Each control valve
to branch lines must be marked to indicate the related space served.
(i) If the space or enclosure containing the carbon dioxide supply for
controls is to be locked, a key to the
space or enclosure shall be in a breakglass-type box conspicuously located
adjacent to the opening.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 74–100R, 40 FR 6209, Feb. 10,
1975]

§ 193.15–15

Piping.

(a) The piping, valves, and fittings
shall have a bursting pressure of not
less than 6,000 pounds per square inch.
(b) All piping, in nominal sizes not
over 3⁄4 inch shall be at least Schedule
40 (standard weight) and in nominal
sizes over 3⁄4 inch, shall be at least
Schedule 80 (extra heavy).

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§ 193.15–20

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(c) All piping valves, and fittings of
ferrous materials shall be protected inside and outside against corrosion unless specifically approved otherwise by
the Commandant.
(d) A pressure relief valve or equivalent set to relieve between 2,400 and
2,800 pounds per square inch shall be installed in the distribution manifold or
such other location as to protect the
piping in the event that all branch line
shutoff valves are closed.
(e) All dead-end lines shall extend at
least 2 inches beyond the last orifice
and shall be closed with cap or plug.
(f) All piping, valves, and fittings
shall be securely supported, and where
necessary, protected against injury.
(g) Drains and dirt traps shall be
fitted where necessary to prevent the
accumulation of dirt or moisture.
Drains and dirt traps shall be located
in accessible locations where possible.
(h) Piping shall be used for no other
purpose except that it may be incorporated with the fire-detecting system.
(i) Piping passing through living
quarters shall not be fitted with drains
or other openings within such spaces.
(j) Installation test requirements are:
(1) Upon completion of the piping installation, and before the cylinders are
connected, a pressure test shall be applied as set forth in this paragraph.
Only carbon dioxide or other inert gas
shall be used for this test.
(2) The piping from the cylinders to
the stop valves in the manifold shall be
subjected to a pressure of 1,000 pounds
per square inch. With no additional gas
being introduced to the system, it shall
be demonstrated that the leakage of
the system is such as not to permit a
pressure drop of more than 150 pounds
per square inch per minute for a 2minute period.
(3) The individual branch lines to the
various spaces protected shall be subjected to a test similar to that described in the preceding subparagraph
with the exception that the pressure
used shall be 600 pounds per square
inch in lieu of 1,000 pounds per square
inch. For the purpose of this test, the
distribution piping shall be capped
within the space protected at the first
joint ahead of the nozzles.
(4) In lieu of the tests prescribed in
the preceding paragraphs in this para-

graph, small independent systems protecting spaces such as emergency generator rooms, lamp lockers, chemical
storerooms, etc., may be tested by
blowing out the piping with air at a
pressure of at least 100 pounds per
square inch.
§ 193.15–20 Carbon dioxide storage.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, the cylinders shall
be located outside the spaces protected,
and shall not be located in any space
that might be cut off or made inaccessible in the event of a fire in any of the
spaces protected.
(b) Systems of the type indicated in
§ 193.15–5(d), consisting of not more
than 300 pounds of carbon dioxide, may
have cylinders located within the space
protected. If the cylinder stowage is
within the space protected, the system
shall be arranged in an approved manner to be automatically operated by a
heat actuator within the space in addition to the regular remote and local
controls.
(c) The space containing the cylinders shall be properly ventilated and
designed to preclude an anticipated
ambient temperature in excess of 130
°F.
(d) Cylinders shall be securely fastened and supported, and where necessary, protected against injury.
(e) Cylinders shall be so mounted as
to be readily accessible and capable of
easy removal for recharging and inspection. Provisions shall be available
for weighing the cylinders.
(f) Where subject to moisture, cylinders shall be so installed as to provide a space of at least 2 inches between the flooring and the bottom of
the cylinders.
(g) Cylinders shall be mounted in an
upright position or inclined not more
than 30 degrees from the vertical. However, cylinders which are fitted with
flexible or bent siphon tubes may be inclined not more than 80 degrees from
the vertical.
(h) Where check valves are not fitted
on each independent cylinder discharge, plugs or caps shall be provided
for closing outlets when cylinders are
removed for inspection or refilling.
(i) All cylinders used for storing carbon dioxide must be fabricated, tested,

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 193.15–90

and marked in accordance with the requirements of §§ 147.60 and 147.65 of this
chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1145, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 84–044, 53 FR 7753, Mar. 10,
1988]

§ 193.15–25

Discharge outlets.

(a) Discharge outlets shall be of an
approved type.
§ 193.15–30

Alarms.

(a) Space normally accessible to persons on board while the vessel is being
navigated which are protected by a carbon dioxide extinguishing system and
are required to be fitted with a delayed
discharge system other than paint and
lamp lockers and similar small spaces,
shall be fitted with an approved audible
alarm which will be automatically
sounded when the carbon dioxide is admitted to the space. The alarm shall be
conspicuously and centrally located
and shall be marked as required by
§ 196.37–9 of this subchapter. Such
alarms shall be so arranged as to sound
during the 20-second delay period prior
to the discharge of carbon dioxide into
the space, and the alarm shall depend
on no source of power other than the
carbon dioxide.

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§ 193.15–35

Enclosure openings.

(a) Where mechanical ventilation is
provided for spaces which are protected
by carbon dioxide extinguishing systems provisions shall be made so that
the ventilation system is automatically shut down with the operation of
the system to that space.
(b) Where natural ventilation is provided for spaces protected by a carbon
dioxide extinguishing system, provisions shall be made for easily and effectively closing off the ventilation.
(c) Means shall be provided for closing all other openings to the space protected from outside such space. In this
respect, relatively tight doors, shutters, or dampers shall be provided for
openings in the lower portion of the
space. The construction shall be such
that openings in the upper portion of
the space can be closed off either by
permanently installed means or by the
use of canvas or other material which
is normally carried by the vessel.

§ 193.15–40

Pressure relief.

(a) Where necessary, relatively tight
compartments such as refrigeration
spaces, paint lockers, etc., shall be provided with suitable means for relieving
excessive pressure accumulating within the compartment when the carbon
dioxide is injected.
§ 193.15–90 Installations contracted for
prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Installations contracted for prior
to March 1, 1968, shall meet the following requirements:
(1) Existing arrangements, materials,
and facilities previously approved shall
be considered satisfactory so long as
they meet the minimum requirements
of this paragraph and they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection. Minor repairs, alterations,
and replacements may be permitted to
the same standards as the original installations. However, all new installations or major replacements shall meet
the applicable requirements in this
subpart for new installations.
(2) The details of the systems shall be
in general agreement with §§ 193.15–5
through 193.15–40 insofar as is reasonable and practicable, with the exception of § 193.15–5(d) (1), (2), and (4), covering machinery spaces, etc., which
systems may be installed in accordance
with paragraphs (a) (3) through (6) of
this section.
(3) In boilerrooms, the bilges shall be
protected by a system discharging
principally below the floorplates. Perforated pipe may be used in lieu of discharge nozzles for such systems. The
number of pounds of carbon dioxide
shall be equal to the gross volume of
the boilerroom taken to the top of the
boilers divided by 36. In the event of an
elevated boilerroom which drains to
the machinery space, the system shall
be installed in the engineroom bilge
and the gross volume shall be taken to
the flat on which the boilers are installed.
(4) In machinery spaces where main
propulsion internal combustion machinery is installed, the number of
pounds of carbon dioxide required shall
be equal to the gross volume of the
space taken to the under side of the

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§ 193.30–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

deck forming the hatch opening divided by 22.
(5) In miscellaneous spaces other
than cargo or main machinery spaces
the number of pounds of carbon dioxide
required shall be equal to the gross volume of the space divided by 22.
(6) Branch lines to the various spaces
other than cargo and similar spaces
shall be as noted in Table 193.15–
90(a)(6). This table is based on cylinders
having discharge outlets and siphon
tubes of 3⁄8-inch diameter.
TABLE 193.15–90(a)(6)
Number of cylinders
Over

Not over

...........................................
2 ........................................
4 ........................................
6 ........................................
12 ......................................
16 ......................................
27 ......................................
39 ......................................
60 ......................................
80 ......................................
104 ....................................

2
4
6
12
16
27
39
60
80
104
165

Nominal pipe size,
inches
⁄ —standard.
⁄ —standard.
1—extra heavy.
11⁄4—extra heavy.
11⁄2—extra heavy.
2—extra heavy.
21⁄2—extra heavy.
3—extra heavy.
31⁄2—extra heavy.
4—extra heavy.
5—extra heavy.
12
34

Subpart 193.30—Automatic
Sprinkler Systems
§ 193.30–1 Application.
Automatic sprinkling systems shall
comply with NFPA 13–1996.
[CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30, 1997]

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Subpart 193.50—Hand Portable
Fire
Extinguishers
and
Semiportable
Fire
Extinguishing Systems, Arrangements and Details
§ 193.50–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 193.50–90, shall
apply to all vessels, including non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons, contracted for on or after March
1, 1968.
(b) All vessels other than unmanned
barges contracted for prior to March 1,
1968, shall meet the requirements of
§ 193.50–90.
(c) All unmanned barges are exempted from the requirements in this subpart. However, if such barges carry on
board hand portable fire extinguishers

and semiportable fire extinguishing
systems, then such equipment shall be
in accordance with this subpart for
manned barges.
§ 193.50–5

Classification.

(a) Hand portable fire extinguishers
and semiportable fire extinguishing
systems shall be classified by a combination letter and number symbol.
The letter indicating the type of fire
which the unit could be expected to extinguish and the number indicating the
relative size of the unit.
(b) The types of fire will be designated as follows:
(1) ‘‘A’’ for fires in ordinary combustible materials where the quenching
and cooling effects of quantities of
water, or solutions containing large
percentages of water, are of first importance.
(2) ‘‘B’’ for fires in flammable liquids,
greases, etc., where a blanketing effect
is essential.
(3) ‘‘C’’ for fires in electrical equipment where the use of nonconducting
extinguishing agent is of first importance.
(c) The number designations for size
will start with ‘‘I’’ for the smallest to
‘‘V’’ for the largest. Sizes I and II are
considered hand portable fire extinguishers and sizes III, IV, and V are
considered semiportable fire extinguishing systems which shall be fitted
with suitable hose and nozzle or other
practicable means so that all portions
of the space concerned may be covered.
Examples of size graduations for some
of the typical hand portable and
semiportable fire extinguishing systems are set forth in Table 193.50–5(c).
TABLE 193.50–5(c)
Classification
Type
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

Size
II .............
I ..............
II .............
III ............
IV ............
V .............
I ..............
II .............

Sodaacid
and
water,
gals.

Foam,
gals.

Carbon
dioxide,
lbs.

Dry
chemical,
lbs.

21⁄2
............
............
............
............
............
............
............

21⁄2
11⁄4
21⁄2
12
20
40
..........
..........

..............
4
15
35
50
100
4
15

..........
2
10
20
30
50
2
10

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 193.50–10

(d) All hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems shall have permanently attached thereto a metallic
nameplate giving the name of the item,
the rated capacity in gallons, quarts,
or pounds, the name and address of the
person or firm for whom approved, and
the identifying mark of the actual
manufacturer.
(e) Vaporizing liquid type fire extinguishers containing carbon tetrachloride or chlorobromomethane or
other toxic vaporizing liquids shall not
be permitted.
§ 193.50–10 Location.
(a) Approved hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems shall be installed in

accordance with Table 193.50–10(a). The
location of the equipment shall be to
the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. Nothing in
this paragraph shall be construed as
limiting the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, from requiring such additional equipment as he deems necessary for the proper protection of the
vessel.
(b) Semiportable fire extinguishing
systems shall be located in the open so
as to be readily seen.
(c) If hand portable fire extinguishers
are not located in the open or behind
glass so that they may be readily seen,
they may be placed in enclosures together with the firehose, provided such
enclosures are marked as required by
§ 196.37–15 of this subchapter.

TABLE 193.50–10(a)—HAND PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER AND SEMIPORTABLE FIRE
EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
Classification
(see § 193.50–
5)

Space

Quantity and location

Safety Areas1
Wheelhouse or fire control room .......................
Stairway and elevator enclosures ......................
Communicating corridors ...................................

..........................
..........................
A-II ...................

Lifeboat embarkation and lowering stations ......
Radio room ........................................................

..........................
C-I 2 ..................

None required.
Do.
1 in each main corridor not more than 150 feet apart. (May
be located in stairways.)
None required.
2 in vicinity of exit. 2

..........................

None required.

B-II or C-II ........

1 for each 2,500 square feet or fraction thereof suitable for
hazards involved.

Paint and lamp rooms ........................................
Accessible baggage, mail, and specie rooms,
and storerooms.
Carpenter shop and similar spaces ...................

B-II ...................
A-II ...................

1 outside space in vicinity of exit.
1 for each 2,500 square feet or fraction thereof located in vicinity of exits, either inside or outside the spaces.
1 outside the space in vicinity of exit.

Coal-fired boilers: Bunker and boiler space ......
Oil-fired boilers: Spaces containing oil-fired
boilers, either main or auxiliary, or their fueloil units.
Internal combustion or gas turbine propelling
machinery spaces.

..........................
B-II ...................
B-V ...................
B-V ...................
B-II ...................

Accommodations 1
Staterooms, toilet spaces, public spaces, offices, lockers, isolated storerooms, and pantries open decks, etc.
Service spaces
Galleys ...............................................................

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Machinery spaces

Electric propulsive motors or generators of
open type.
Enclosed ventilating systems for motors and
generators of electric propelling machinery.
Auxiliary spaces:
Internal combustion gas turbine .................
Electric emergency motors or generators ..
Steam ..........................................................
Trunks to machinery spaces ..............................
Fuel tanks ..........................................................

A-II ...................

None required.
2 required. 3
1 required. 4

B-III ..................
C-II ...................

1 for each 1,000 brake horsepower, but not less than 2 nor
more than 6. 5
1 required. 6,7
1 for each propulsion motor or generator unit.

..........................

None required.

B-II ...................
C-II ...................
..........................
..........................
..........................

1 outside the space in vicinity of exit. 7
1 outside the space in vicinity of exit. 8
None required.
Do.
Do.

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§ 193.50–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

TABLE 193.50–10(a)—HAND PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER AND SEMIPORTABLE FIRE
EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS—Continued
Classification
(see § 193.50–
5)

Space
Scientific spaces
Chemistry laboratory or scientific laboratory .....

C-II ...................

Chemical storeroom ...........................................

C-II ...................

Quantity and location

1 dry chemical and 1 carbon dioxide for each 300 square
feet or fraction thereof, with one (1) of each kind located
in the vicinity of the exit.
Same as for the chemistry laboratory.

1 Two

B-I hand portable fire extinguishers may be substituted for 1 B-II.
2 For vessels on an international voyage, substitute 1 C-II in vicinity of exit.
3 Vessels of less than 1,000 gross tons require 1.
4 Vessels of less than 1,000 gross tons may substitute 1 B-IV.
5 Only 1 required for motorboats.
6 If oil burning donkey boiler fitted in space, the B-V previously required for the protection of the boiler may be substituted. Not
required where a fixed carbon dioxide system is installed.
7 Not required on vessels of less than 300 gross tons if fuel has a flash-point higher than 110 °F.
8 Not required on vessels of less than 300 gross tons.

(d) Hand portable fire extinguishers
and their stations shall be numbered in
accordance with § 196.37–15 of this subchapter.
(e) Hand portable or semiportable extinguishers, which are required on
their nameplates to be protected from
freezing, shall not be located where
freezing temperatures may be expected.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 193.50–15 Spare charges.
(a) For all vessels spare charges shall
be carried for at least 50 percent of
each size and each variety, i.e., foam,
soda-acid, carbon dioxide, etc., of hand
portable fire extinguishers required by
§ 193.50–10(a). However, if the unit is of
such variety that it cannot be readily
recharged by the vessel’s personnel,
one spare unit of the same classification shall be carried in lieu of spare
charges for all such units of the same
size and variety.
(b) Spare charges shall be so packaged as to minimize the hazards to personnel while recharging the units. Acid
shall be contained in a Crown stopper
type of bottle.
§ 193.50–20 Semiportable fire extinguishers.
(a) The frame or support of each size
III, IV, and V fire extinguisher required
by Table 193.50–10(a) must be welded or
otherwise permanently attached to a
bulkhead or deck.
(b) If an approved size III, IV, or V
fire extinguisher has wheels and is not
required by Table 193.50–10(a), it must
be securely stowed when not in use to

prevent it from rolling out of control
under heavy sea conditions.
[CGD 77–039, 44 FR 34133, June 14, 1979]

§ 193.50–90 Vessels
contracted
for
prior to March 1, 1968.
(a) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the following
requirements:
(1) Except as specifically modified by
this paragraph, the requirements of
§§ 193.50–5 through 193.50–15 shall be
complied with insofar as the number
and general type of equipment is concerned.
(2) Existing installations previously
approved, but not meeting the applicable requirements of §§ 193.50–5 through
193.50–15 may be continued in service so
long as they are maintained in good
condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, and
they are in general agreement with the
degree of safety prescribed by Table
193.50–10(a). Minor modifications may
be made to the same standard as the
original installation: Provided, That in
no case will a greater departure from
the standards of Table 193.50–10(a) be
permitted than presently exists.
(3) All new equipment and installations shall meet the applicable requirements in this subpart for new vessels.

Subpart 193.60—Fire Axes
§ 193.60–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels other than unmanned barges.

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Coast Guard, DHS

Pt. 194

(b) Unmanned barges are exempted
from the requirements in this subpart.
However, if such barges carry on board
fire axes, then such equipment shall be
in accordance with this subpart for
manned barges.
§ 193.60–5

Number required.

(a) All vessels shall carry at least the
minimum number of fire axes as set
forth in Table 193.60–5(a). Nothing in
this paragraph shall be construed as
limiting the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection, from requiring such additional fire axes as he deems necessary
for the proper protection of the vessel.
TABLE 193.60–5(a)
Gross tons
Over

Not over

................................................................
50 ...........................................................
200 .........................................................
500 .........................................................
1,000 ......................................................

50
200
500
1,000
................

§ 193.60–10

Number of
axes

Subpart 194.10—Magazines
194.10–1 Application.
194.10–5 Type and location.
194.10–10 Integral magazine construction.
194.10–15 Magazine van construction.
194.10–20 Magazine chest construction.
194.10–25 Ventilation.
194.10–30 Magazine sprinklers.
194.10–35 Labeling.

Subpart 194.15—Chemistry Laboratory and
Scientific Laboratory

1
2
4
6
8

Location.

(a) Fire axes shall be distributed
throughout the spaces available to persons on board so as to be most readily
available in the event of emergency.
(b) If fire axes are not located in the
open, or behind glass, so that they may
be readily seen, they may be placed in
enclosures together with the firehose,
provided such enclosures are marked as
required by § 196.37–15 of this subchapter.

PART 194—HANDLING, USE, AND
CONTROL OF EXPLOSIVES AND
OTHER HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Subpart 194.01—Application
Sec.
194.01–1

194.05–13 Corrosive liquids as chemical
stores—Detail requirements.
194.05–15 Compressed gases as chemical
stores—Detail requirements.
194.05–17 Poisonous articles as chemical
stores—Detail requirements.
194.05–19 Combustible liquids as chemical
stores—Detail requirements.
194.05–21 Other regulated materials.

194.15–1 General.
194.15–3 Responsibility.
194.15–5 Ventilation.
194.15–7 Fire protection.
194.15–9 Storage.
194.15–11 Flushing systems.
194.15–15 Chemicals other than compressed
gases.
194.15–17 Compressed gases other than inert
gases.
194.15–19 Electrical.

Subpart 194.20—Chemical Stores and/or
Storerooms
194.20–1 General.
194.20–3 Responsibility.
194.20–5 Ventilation.
194.20–7 Fire protection.
194.20–9 Storage.
194.20–11 Flushing systems.
194.20–15 Chemical stores other than compressed gases.
194.20–17 Compressed gases.
194.20–19 Piping and electrical requirements.

General.

Subpart 194.90—Vessels Contracted for
Prior to March 1, 1968

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Subpart 194.05—Stowage and Marking
194.05–1 General.
194.05–3 Chemical stores.
194.05–5 Chemicals in the chemistry laboratory.
194.05–7 Explosives—Detail requirements.
194.05–9 Flammable liquid chemical stores—
Detail requirements.
194.05–11 Flammable solids and oxidizing
materials—Detail requirements.

194.90–1

Requirements.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2103, 2113, 3306; 49
U.S.C. App. 1804; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3
CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

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§ 194.01–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

Subpart 194.01—Application

§ 194.05–3

§ 194.01–1 General.
(a) The provisions of this part, with
the exception of subpart 194.90, shall
apply to all vessels other than non-selfpropelled vessels of less than 300 gross
tons contracted for on or after March 1,
1968.
(b) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall not be subject
to the provisions of this part except as
provided otherwise by paragraph (c) of
this section.
(c) Non-self-propelled vessels of less
than 300 gross tons shall be governed
by the applicable portions of 49 CFR
parts 171–179, and the applicable portions of 33 CFR parts 6 and 121 to 126,
inclusively. Alternately, the owner, at
his option, may comply with the provisions of this part.
(d) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the requirements of subpart 194.90.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36026, Sept. 16,
1988]

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Subpart 194.05—Stowage and
Marking
§ 194.05–1 General.
(a) The master shall be held responsible for and shall require the proper
handling, stowage, and marking of all
chemical stores and reagents.
(b) Chemical stores shall be stowed in
a chemical storeroom in approved
drums, barrels, or other packages,
properly marked and labeled, as prescribed by 49 CFR part 172 for those
specific commodities, except that those
chemical stores excluded from the
storeroom by §§ 194.20–15 and 194.20–17,
and those chemical stores not desired
to be located in a chemical storeroom,
shall be stored in accordance with the
appropriate provisions of 49 CFR part
176 insofar as such regulations apply to
cargo vessels.
(c) Ships’ stores shall be regulated in
accordance with the appropriate provisions of part 147 of Subchapter N (Dangerous Cargoes) of this chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

Chemical stores.

(a) Chemical stores are those chemicals which possess one or more of the
following properties and shall be
classed, marked and labeled in accordance with 49 CFR part 172:
(1) Explosives.
(2) Flammable liquids.
(3) Flammable solids.
(4) Oxidizing materials.
(5) Corrosive materials.
(6) Compressed gasses.
(7) Poisons.
(8) Combustible liquids.
(9) Other Regulated Materials (DOT
Hazard Class ‘‘ORM’’).
(b) Substances for use in the chemistry laboratory, or to be stored in the
chemical storeroom and generally covered under paragraph (a) of this section
but not specifically listed by name in
49 CFR 172.101 must be approved by the
Commandant (CG–522) prior to being
carried on board a vessel.
[CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16, 1988, as
amended by CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51051, Sept. 30,
1997; USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49240, Sept. 25,
2009]

§ 194.05–5 Chemicals in the chemistry
laboratory.
(a) Small working quantities of
chemical stores in the chemistry laboratory which have been removed from
the approved shipping container need
not be marked or labeled as required by
49 CFR part 172. Reagent containers in
the laboratory shall be marked to show
at least the following:
(1) Common chemical name.
(2) Hazards, if any; e.g., flammable,
poison, etc.
(b) In the interest of facilitating scientific activities, no restrictions are
intended which will limit the variety
of chemical stores which may be used
in the chemical laboratory. With the
knowledge and approval of the master,
the laboratory supervisor may be responsible for stowage and use of materials within the laboratory and chemical storeroom.
(c) Reagent containers shall be properly secured against shifting and spillage. Insofar as practical all reagents

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§ 194.05–13

shall be stowed in suitable, unbreakable containers.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.05–7 Explosives—Detail requirements.
(a) Except as otherwise provided by
this part, Division 1.1 and 1.2 (explosive) materials (as defined in 49 CFR
173.50) and blasting-caps must be carried in magazines specifically fitted for
that purpose as described by subpart
194.10 of this part.
(b) Class 1 (explosive) materials (as
defined in 49 CFR 173.50) must be identified by their appropriate DOT classification.
(c)(1) Compatibility of magazine
stowage shall be in accordance with 49
CFR 176.144.
(2) Magazine chests, magazine vans,
and deck stowage areas shall be separated by a distance of at least 25 feet if
their contents are incompatible with
each other. Reduction of this distance
to allow for special configurations will
be permitted only if specifically approved by the Commandant.
(d) On-deck stowage of unfused
depth-charges or other unfused-casetype Class 1 (explosive) materials (as
defined in 49 CFR 173.50) is authorized
as follows:
(1) Stowage shall be in a location reasonably protected from the full force of
boarding seas.
(2) Stowage shall be protected from
direct exposure to the sun by overhead
decks, awnings, or tarpaulins. Decks
shall be constructed of incombustible
materials; awnings and tarpaulins shall
be fire-resistant and/or flame proof fabric.
(3) Items shall be properly secured by
using existing vessel structures such as
bulwarks, hatch coamings, shelter deck
and poop bulkheads as part boundaries
and effectively closing in the items by
fitting angle bar closing means secured
by bolting to clips or other parts of the
ship’s structure. Lashing of deck stowage is permitted provided eye pads or
other suitable means are fitted to secure such lashings and provided the individual items are of such a configuration as to prevent slippage of the lashings. Shoring and dunnage may be used

as necessary to further facilitate the
security of the stowage.
(4) Stowage area shall be selected so
as to provide for safe access to all internal spaces and to all parts of the
deck required to be used in navigation
and working of the vessel. Stowage
shall not be on or under the bridge, or
navigating deck, or within a distance,
in a horizontal plane, of 25 feet of an
operating or embarkation point of any
lifeboat or raft. Reduction of this distance to allow for special configurations will be permitted only if specifically approved by the Commandant.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988; CGD 92–050, 59 FR 39966, Aug. 5, 1994;
CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51051, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 194.05–9 Flammable liquid chemical
stores—Detail requirements.
(a) Flammable liquids as chemical
stores and reagents are governed by
subparts 194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Other flammable liquids are regulated by the appropriate portions of 49
CFR parts 172, 173, and 176 or part 147 of
Subchapter N (Dangerous Cargoes) of
this chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988; 53 FR 46872, Nov. 21, 1988]

§ 194.05–11
dizing
ments.

Flammable solids and oximaterials—Detail require-

(a) Flammable solids and oxidizing
materials used as chemical stores and
reagents are governed by subparts
194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Oxidizing materials used as blasting agents are regulated by the appropriate portions of 49 CFR parts 172, 173,
and 176.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988; 53 FR 46872, Nov. 21, 1988]

§ 194.05–13 Corrosive liquids as chemical stores—Detail requirements.
(a) Corrosive liquids as chemical
stores and reagents are governed by
subparts 194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Other corrosive liquids are regulated by the appropriate portions of 49
CFR parts 172, 173, and 176 or part 147 of

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§ 194.05–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

Subchapter N (Dangerous Cargoes) of
this chapter.

regulated by the appropriate portions
of 49 CFR parts 172, 173, and 176.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

[CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16, 1988]

§ 194.05–15 Compressed gases as chemical stores—Detail requirements.

§ 194.10–1

Application.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

(a) The provisions of this subpart
apply to the construction of integral
magazines, magazine vans, and magazine chests.
(b) Loading, loading procedures, shipper’s requirements, and other features
not related to the construction of magazines shall be in accordance with the
applicable provisions of 49 CFR parts
173 and 176 and 33 CFR part 6 and parts
121 to 126, inclusive.

§ 194.05–17 Poisonous articles as chemical stores—Detail requirements.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

(a) Compressed gases as chemical
stores and reagents are governed by
subparts 194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Other compressed gases are regulated in accordance with the appropriate portions of 49 CFR parts 172, 173,
and 176 or part 147 of Subchapter N
(Dangerous Cargoes) of this chapter.

(a) Poisonous articles as chemical
stores and reagents shall be governed
by subparts 194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Other poisonous articles shall be
regulated by the appropriate portions
of 49 CFR parts 172, 173, and 176 or part
147 of Subchapter N (Dangerous Cargoes) of this chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.05–19 Combustible
liquids
as
chemical stores—Detail requirements.
(a) Combustible liquid chemical
stores and reagents shall be governed
by subparts 194.15 and 194.20.
(b) Other combustible liquids shall be
regulated by the appropriate portions
of 49 CFR parts 172, 173, and 176 or part
147 of Subchapter N (Dangerous Cargoes) of this chapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 194.10—Magazines

§ 194.05–21 Other regulated materials.
(a) Other Regulated Materials (DOT
Hazard Class ‘‘ORM’’) as chemical
stores and reagents shall be governed
by appropriate portions of subparts
194.15 and 194.20 of this part.
(b) Other Regulated Materials (DOT
Hazard Class ‘‘ORM’’) which are not
chemical stores and reagents shall be

§ 194.10–5

Type and location.

(a) Integral magazines. (1) Magazines
shall be of permanent construction located below the freeboard deck and
where practicable below the waterline.
(2) Magazines shall not be located in
horizontal proximity to or below accommodation spaces.
(3) Magazines shall not be located adjacent to the collision bulkhead, nor in
bearing with a bulkhead forming the
boilerroom, engineroom, gallery, or
other high fire hazard area boundary. If
it is necessary to construct the magazine in proximity to these areas, a
cofferdam space of at least 2 feet shall
be provided between the bulkhead or
deck involved and the magazine. Such
a cofferdam shall be provided with
suitable ventilation and shall not be
used for storage purposes.
(b) Magazine vans. (1) Magazine vans
may be installed on deck in a location
protected from boarding seas. The location selected shall not impair access to
accommodations or other spaces necessary to the safe working and navigation of the vessel and shall not be within 15 feet of ventilation terminals
emitting warm air or hazardous vapors,
such as from galleys and pumprooms,
or within 10 feet of any unshielded
radio apparatus or antenna lead.
(2) Magazine vans may be installed
below decks in holds provided the hold

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 194.10–15

location meets the location requirements for integral magazines. The
cofferdam requirement of paragraph
(a)(3) of this section is considered as
fulfilled if the van is of steel construction. Holds so utilized shall not be used
for stowage of other hazardous materials covered by 49 CFR parts 171–179.
The stowage of other explosives or oxidizing materials in the same hold is
permitted in accordance with the requirements of 49 CFR part 176.
(c) Magazine chests. (1) Magazine
chests shall be located on the weather
decks in a position suitable for jettisoning the contents.
(2) Magazine chests shall be set off at
least 4 inches from decks and deckhouse.
(3) Magazine chests shall not be located within 15 feet of ventilation terminals emitting warm air or hazardous
vapors, such as from galleys and pumprooms.
(4) Magazine chests intended for the
stowage of blasting caps, detonators, or
boosters, in addition to the requirements in this paragraph, shall not be
stowed within 10 feet of any unshielded
radio apparatus or antenna leads.

guards. Control of the lighting system
shall be from a location external to the
magazine. An indicator light shall be
provided at the switch location to indicate when the lighting circuits are energized. Other electrical equipment and
wiring shall not be installed within or
pass through the magazine. Electrical
cables enclosed in a watertight trunk
are permitted.
(e) Piping, other than fresh or salt
water service and drainage system,
shall not be routed through magazines
except as required for the magazines
themselves. Other piping systems enclosed in a watertight trunk are permitted.
(f) Access doors for the magazine, or
magazine groups, shall be of substantial watertight construction and be
provided with means whereby they
may be securely locked.
(g) Racks, stanchions, battens, and
other devices shall be installed to provide rigid and safe stowage of explosives in their approved shipping containers with a minimum of dunnage.
(h) Decks shall be covered with a permanent nonslip nonspark covering.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.10–15

§ 194.10–10 Integral
magazine
construction.
(a) Magazines shall be of permanent
watertight construction. Bulkheads
and decks, including the deck overhead, which are common with storerooms or workshops shall be of A–15
construction as defined by § 72.05–10 of
Subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of
this chapter. Flush construction shall
be employed where practicable.
(b) Where the shell or unsheathed
weather decks form boundaries of the
magazine spaces suitable approved incombustible thermal insulation shall
be provided to prevent condensation of
moisture.
(c) Where a tank top forms the magazine deck it shall be insulated with an
approved deck covering to prevent condensation of moisture. Tank top manholes shall not be installed in magazines.
(d) Light fixtures shall be of an approved type equipped with globes and

Magazine van construction.

(a) Vans shall be of substantial metal
construction. Their interior shall be insulated with an approved incombustible insulation to the standards required for A–15 divisional bulkheads as
prescribed in part 72 of Subchapter H
(Passenger Vessels) of this chapter.
The interior shall be lined flush with
incombustible materials.
(b) Lighting fixtures, if installed,
shall be of an approved type equipped
with globes and guards. All electrical
installations shall meet the applicable
requirements of Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter. The
electrical terminals for connections to
the ship’s electrical system shall be of
watertight construction and bear a
label plate denoting the power requirement of the van.
(c) Access doors and ventilation closures shall be of watertight construction. Doors shall be provided with
means whereby they may be securely
locked.
(d) Vans shall be provided with suitable pads and clips for securing to the

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§ 194.10–20

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

deck and for installation of wire rope
sway braces.
(e) Vans shall bear a label plate stating light weight, gross weight and
weight of explosives. Gross weight
shall not exceed 250 pounds per square
foot of deck area.
§ 194.10–20
tion.

Magazine chest construc-

(a) Magazine chests shall be of watertight metal construction with flush interior. The body and lid shall have a
minimum thickness of 1⁄8 inch.
(b) Permanent sun shields shall be
provided for sides and top including the
lid. These shall have a minimum thickness of 1⁄8-inch aluminum or 16-gage
steel. Side shields shall be offset from
the body a distance of 1 inch. The top
shield shall be offset a distance of 11⁄2
inches. Sun shields may be omitted
when chests are installed ‘‘on deck protected,’’ shielded from direct exposure
to the sun.
(c) Chests shall be limited to a gross
capacity of 100 cubic feet.
(d) Chests shall be secured to the vessel’s structure by means of permanently installed foundation clips or
bolts or a combination thereof. Lashings will not be acceptable.
(e) Chests shall be provided with substantial hasps and staples for locking
purposes.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 194.10–25

Ventilation.

(a) Integral magazines. (1) All integral
magazines shall be provided with natural or mechanical ventilation. Design
calculations shall be submitted demonstrating that the system has sufficient capacity to maintain the magazine temperature below 100 °F. with 88
°F. weather air. Mechanical cooling
may be used where ventilation requirements exceed 1,500 cubic feet per
minute.
(2) Ventilation systems shall be of
watertight construction and shall serve
no other space. Weather cowls shall be
provided with a double layer of wire
screen of not less than 1⁄8-inch mesh.
Metal watertight closures shall be provided for use when the ventilation system is not in operation. A 2-inch IPS
bypass with check valve shall be provided in parallel with at least one of

the ventilation closures to prevent
pressure buildup.
(b) Magazine vans. (1) All magazine
vans shall be provided with natural
ventilation sufficient to maintain the
inside air temperature below 130 °F.
with an assumed outside temperature
of 115 °F.
(2) Ventilation supply weather openings shall be located at least 6 feet
above the deck. Exhaust terminals
shall be located in the van overhead.
Louvers or weather cowls with a double
layer of wire screen of not less than 1⁄8inch mesh shall be provided for protection of weather openings.
§ 194.10–30

Magazine sprinklers.

(a) Sprinkler system required. (1) A
manual control, hydraulic control, or
automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in each magazine or magazine
group. The control valve shall generally be in accordance with Specification MIL-V-17501 insofar as materials
and test fittings are concerned. All systems shall be remotely operable from a
control station on the freeboard deck
and manually operable at the control
valve location.
(2) Where automatic systems are installed sprinkler heads shall be of the
open head design so as to permit either
manual or automatic operation.
(3) Sprinkler systems shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of part 76 of Subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of this chapter. Minimum total system capacity shall be
based on 0.8 gallon per minute per
square foot of overhead area.
(4) The normally required fire pumps
may be used for magazine sprinkling
purposes. However, the use of the magazine sprinkling system shall not interfere with the simultaneous use of the
fire main system.
(b) Magazine vans. (1) A manual control sprinkler system shall be installed
in each magazine van. The system shall
be connected to the nearest fire main
outlet by jumper hose. The hose shall
be protected from physical damage by
a grating or similar arrangement. The
fire station valve shall serve as the
sprinkler control valve.

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§ 194.15–1

(2) Sprinkler systems shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of part 76 of Subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of this chapter, except
that the system capacity shall be sufficient to provide a coverage of 0.4 gallon
per minute per square foot of overhead
area.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 82–063b, 48 FR 4783, Feb. 3,
1983]

MAGAZINE
WARNING
DO NOT LIFT WITH CONTENTS

(f) Control locations for magazine
sprinkler systems, in addition to the
operating instructions required by
§ 76.20–20 of Subchapter H (Passenger
Vessels) of this chapter shall bear the
inscription:
MAGAZINE SPRINKLER CONTROL

§ 194.10–35

Labeling.

(a) Labeling shall be in 3-inch block
type lettering. Letters shall be red or
white, whichever provides the better
contrast against the background. On
small chests the labeling size may be
reduced to that consistent with the
size of the chest so that the inscription
may be placed in its entirety on the
side or top.
(b) The access door to magazines and
magazine vans shall bear the inscription:
MAGAZINE
KEEP OPEN LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY
KEEP DOOR CLOSED
REMOVE MATCHES AND LIGHTERS
PRIOR TO ENTERING

(c) Magazine chests shall be marked
in a conspicuous location, preferably
the top, with the inscription:
MAGAZINE CHEST
KEEP OPEN LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY

(d) Magazine chests used for blasting
caps, detonators, or boosters shall be
marked in a conspicuous location with
the inscription as appropriate:
BLASTING CAP LOCKER

or
DETONATOR LOCKER

or
BOOSTER LOCKER

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

KEEP OPEN LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY

(e) Magazine van, unless specifically
approved as a portable magazine under
provisions of 49 CFR 176.137 shall bear
the additional statements on each side:

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51051, Sept. 30, 1997]

Subpart 194.15—Chemistry Laboratory and Scientific Laboratory
§ 194.15–1

General.

(a) Chemical and scientific laboratories shall be considered service areas,
and as such shall be subject to the applicable requirements of § 190.07–10(d).
(1) Incombustible materials shall be
used, insofar as is reasonable and practicable, for permanently installed laboratory furnishings and equipment,
such as desks, file and storage cabinets, waste paper baskets, work benches, chair frames, etc. Working surfaces
where chemical stores are used shall be
of incombustible material.
(2) Combustible materials may be
used for other working surfaces and for
temporary furnishings and equipment
installed to facilitate a specific scientific mission.
(b) Storage of all equipment, materials, etc., and cleanliness shall be consistent with sound laboratory practices. All items shall be securely
stowed.
(c) Provision shall be made for rapid
removal of chemical spills and protection of the deck. In areas where chemicals will commonly be used, the deck
shall be covered with a nonskid masonry or other suitably resistant material so fashioned that spillage will be
contained and easily removed.
(d) The access doors to the laboratory shall bear the inscription ‘‘Chemical Laboratory’’, or ‘‘Scientific Laboratory’’, in lettering meeting requirements of § 194.10–35(a).

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46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 194.15–3 Responsibility.
(a) With the knowledge and approval
of the master, the senior member of
the scientific party embarked may supervise the safety and operation of the
chemical laboratory.
(b) The laboratory supervisor shall:
(1) Maintain the highest standards of
safe working conditions.
(2) Provide safeguards against hazardous undertakings.
(3) Educate personnel working in the
laboratory spaces to be alert for hazards.
§ 194.15–5 Ventilation.
(a) Operations, reactions or experiments which produce toxic, noxious or
corrosive vapors shall be conducted
under a suitably installed fume hood.
The fume hood shall be equipped with
an independent power exhaust ventilation system which terminates so as to
prevent fumes from entering other portions of the vessel. The exhaust system
of the fume hood shall be compatible
with the ventilation system of the laboratory to prevent fumes from backing-up within the fume hood system.
The terminals shall be equipped with
acceptable flame screens.
(b) Chemical laboratories shall be
equipped with power ventilation system of the exhaust type serving the entire laboratory for use in the event of
spills or other emergencies. The system
shall have a capacity sufficient to effect a complete change of air in not
more than 4 minutes based upon the
volume of the compartment.
(1) Power ventilation units shall have
nonsparking impellers and shall not
produce a source of vapor ignition in
either the compartment or the ventilation system associated with the compartment.
(2) The power ventilation system
shall be interlocked with any other
ventilation or air-conditioning system
serving the laboratory in a manner to
prevent the circulation of vapors to
other spaces.
(3) This ventilation system shall be
independent of any other ventilation
system in the vessel. It shall serve no
other space. It shall be of watertight
construction.
(4) Ventilation exhaust outlets shall
terminate more than 6 feet from any

opening to the interior part of the vessel and from any possible source of
vapor ignition.
(5) The control for the power ventilation system shall be conveniently located and marked in a manner to clearly identify the purpose of the control.
(c) Ventilation of air conditioning
systems serving the chemical laboratory shall be designed so that air cannot be recirculated into an accommodation space.
§ 194.15–7 Fire protection.
(a) If a fixed or semiportable firefighting system is installed, it shall
meet the applicable requirements in
part 193 of this subchapter. Other firefighting systems will be given special
consideration by the Commandant.
(b) Portable fire extinguishers are required in accordance with Table 193.50–
10(a) of this subchapter.
§ 194.15–9 Storage.
(a) Chemical stores mentioned in
§ 194.05–3 may be stored in small working quantities in the laboratory provided their containers are labeled in
accordance with § 194.05–5(a).
(b) Chemical stores in greater than
small laboratory working quantities
shall be stored in approved containers
in the chemical storeroom as prescribed in § 194.05–1(b).
(c) All material stored in any laboratory shall be securely stowed for sea
with due consideration for chemical
compatibility and safety standards.
§ 194.15–11 Flushing systems.
(a) Working spaces in which chemical
stores are used shall be equipped with a
fresh water supply shower.
(b) There shall be a provision for
flushing away chemical spills.
§ 194.15–15 Chemicals other than compressed gases.
Chemicals, including those listed in
49 CFR part 172, may be stored in small
working quantities in the chemical
laboratory.
[CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16, 1988]

§ 194.15–17 Compressed gases other
than inert gases.
(a) When, in consideration for a particular operation, compressed gases are

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§ 194.20–5

needed within the laboratory, the cylinders may be temporarily installed in
the laboratory, provided no more than
one (1) cylinder of each gas is in the
laboratory
simultaneously.
When
transporting compressed gas cylinders
to, from, or within the vessel, the cylinder valves shall be capped or otherwise protected in accordance with 49
CFR 173.301(g).
(b) Cylinders temporarily installed in
the laboratory shall be securely stowed
for sea. Appropriate safety signs shall
be displayed and safety precautions observed.
(c) Oxygen and acetylene cylinders
for use in ship’s maintenance shall not
be stored in the laboratory.
(d) Systems providing gas for bunsen
burners or similar semipermanent/permanent installations shall be installed
in accordance with subpart 195.03 of
part 195.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.15–19

Electrical.

(a) All electrical equipment located
within 18 inches of the deck of the
chemical laboratory shall be in accordance with the applicable requirements
of Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter for Class I, Division
2, hazardous locations. Electrical
equipment located 18 inches or more
above the deck may be of a type suitable for wet or dry locations in accordance with Subchapter J.

Subpart 194.20—Chemical Stores
and/or Storerooms

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 194.20–1

(c) The deck of the chemical storeroom shall be of a nonskid material
suitably resistant to chemical spills.
Provision shall be made for the containment and removal of chemical
spills.
(d) Chemical reactions and experiments shall not be conducted in the
chemical storeroom.
(e) A storeroom, when used as a
chemical storeroom, shall be exclusively for the stowage of chemical
stores.
(f) All doors shall open in the direction of escape.
(g) Movement of chemical stores to,
or from, the storeroom shall be accomplished utilizing suitable, portable containers. In no event shall piping systems, or similar arrangements, be permitted for transfer of chemical stores
between the storeroom and the area in
which the chemical stores are to be
used.
§ 194.20–3

§ 194.20–5

General.

(a) The chemical storerooms shall be
considered to be service areas and as
such shall be subject to the applicable
requirements of § 190.07–10(d).
(1) Installed equipment, such as
shelves and cabinets, shall be constructed of incombustible materials.
(2) The access doors to the storeroom
shall bear the inscription ‘‘Chemical
Storeroom.’’
(b) Storage and cleanliness shall be
consistent with good chemical stowage
practices.

Responsibility.

(a) With the knowledge and approval
of the master the senior member of the
scientific party embarked may supervise the safety and operation of the
chemical storerooms.
(b) The chemical storeroom supervisor shall:
(1) Maintain the highest standards of
safe working conditions.
(2) Provide safeguards against hazardous undertakings.
(3) Educate personnel working in, and
near, the storeroom to be alert for hazards.
Ventilation.

(a) Chemical storerooms shall be
equipped with a power ventilation system of exhaust type. The system shall
have a capacity sufficient to effect a
complete change of air in not more
than 4 minutes based upon the volume
of the compartment.
(1) Power ventilation units shall have
nonsparking impellers and shall not
produce a source of vapor ignition in
either the compartment or the ventilation system associated with the compartment.
(2) This ventilation system shall be
independent of any other ventilation
system. It shall serve no other space in

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§ 194.20–7

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

the vessel. It shall be of watertight
construction.
(3) Inlets to exhaust ducts shall be
provided and located at points where
concentration of vapors may be expected. Ventilation exhaust outlets
shall terminate more than 6 feet from
any opening to the interior part of the
vessel and from any possible source of
vapor ignition. Terminals shall be
fitted with acceptable flame screens.
(4) The control for the power ventilation system shall be conveniently located and marked in a manner to clearly identify the purpose of the control.
(b) Provisions shall be made so that
the chemical storeroom will be ventilated before it is entered. An Indicator
shall be provided outside the space to
show that ventilation is being provided. In addition, the storeroom shall
be marked ‘‘Danger—Ventilate Before
Entering.’’
§ 194.20–7

Fire protection.

(a) Each chemical storeroom shall be
protected by a fixed automatic carbon
dioxide extinguishing system installed
in accordance with subpart 193.15 of
part 193 of this subchapter.
(b) Portable fire extinguishers are required in accordance with Table 193.50–
10(a) of this subchapter.
§ 194.20–9

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(a) Flammable liquids are excluded
from the storeroom unless contained in
properly marked and labeled metal
safety cans not in excess of 5 gallons of
each kind. Refer to subpart 194.05 for
applicable
requirements
governing
quantities greater than 5 gallons.
(b) Combustible liquids in approved
portable drums, barrels or containers
not in excess of 55 gallons of each kind
may be stored in the storeroom. Refer
to subpart 194.05 for applicable requirements governing quantities greater
than 55 gallons.
(c) Containers when used for dispensing flammable and combustible
liquids shall be equipped with automatic closing valves.
(d) Poisons listed in 49 CFR part 172
may be stored in approved containers
in the chemical storeroom.
(e) Explosives and oxidizing materials not for use in the chemical laboratory shall not be stored in the
chemical storeroom.
(f) Chemical stores specifically mentioned in 49 CFR part 172 may be carried in the chemical storeroom.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.20–17

Storage.

(a) Chemical stores shall be stored in
the chemical storeroom as prescribed
in § 194.05–1(b).
(b) All items stored in the storeroom
shall be secured against shifting and
with due consideration for chemical
compatibility and safety standards.
(1) Items shall not be stowed on the
deck.
(2) Shelving shall be so constructed
as to provide a clear space of at least 4
inches between the bottom shelf and
the deck.
§ 194.20–11

§ 194.20–15 Chemical stores other than
compressed gases.

Flushing systems.

(a) Provision shall be made for flushing away chemical spills.
(b) If a drainage system is installed,
it shall be separate from any other
drainage system.

Compressed gases.

(a) Nonflammable compressed gases
(excluding oxygen) may be securely
stowed in the storeroom: Provided,
That no more than eight (8) cylinders
total are stowed simultaneously in the
same chemical storeroom.
(b) Flammable compressed gases and
oxygen shall be stowed in accordance
with 49 CFR part 176, subpart H.
(c) Compressed gas cylinders shall
have valve protection in accordance
with 49 CFR 173.301(g) and shall be safely stowed in a vertical position in suitable racks.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1151, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

§ 194.20–19 Piping and electrical requirements.
(a) Piping, electrical equipment, and
wiring shall not be installed within or

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Coast Guard, DHS

Pt. 195

pass through a chemical storeroom except as required for the chemical storeroom itself.
(b) The electrical installation shall
be in accordance with the applicable
requirements of Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter for
Class I, Division 1, Group C hazardous
locations.

Subpart
194.90—Vessels
Contracted for Prior to March 1,
1968
§ 194.90–1

Requirements.

(a) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the following
requirements:
(1) Existing arrangements, materials,
and facilities previously approved but
not meeting the applicable requirements of subparts 194.05 through 194.20
may be continued in service so long as
they are maintained in good condition
to the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection. Minor repairs, alterations, and replacements
may be permitted to the same standards as the original design: Provided,
That in no case will a greater departure from the standards of subparts
194.05 through 194.20 be permitted than
presently exists.
(2) All new installations, major alterations, and major replacements shall
meet the applicable requirements in
this part for new vessels.
(3) The general requirements of subparts 194.05 through 194.20 shall apply
unless in the opinion of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, it is unreasonable or impracticable, or the arrangement or construction of the vessel makes it unnecessary.

PART 195—VESSEL CONTROL AND
MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND
EQUIPMENT
Subpart 195.01—Application

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Sec.
195.01–1
195.01–3

195.05–1

Installation and details.

Subpart 195.06—Lifesaving Appliances and
Arrangements
195.06–1 Lifesaving appliances and arrangements.

Subpart 195.07—Anchors, Chains, and
Hawsers
195.07–1 Application.
195.07–5 Ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes
service.
195.07–10 Lakes, bays, and sounds, or river
service.
195.07–90 Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968.

Subpart 195.09—Scientific Equipment
195.09–1
195.09–5

Application.
General.

Subpart 195.11—Portable Vans and Tanks
195.11–1 Application.
195.11–5 Scope.
195.11–10 Design and construction of portable vans.
195.11–15 Plan approval and inspection.
195.11–20 Marking and label plate.
195.11–25 Loading and stowage.
195.11–30 Portable tanks.

Subpart 195.17—Radar
195.17–1

When required.

Subpart 195.19—Magnetic Compass and
Gyrocompass
195.19–1

When required.

Subpart 195.27—Sounding Equipment
195.27–1

When required.

Subpart 195.30—Protection From
Refrigerants
195.30–1 Application.
195.30–5 General.
195.30–15 Self-contained breathing apparatus.
195.30–90 Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.

General.
Incorporation by reference.

Subpart 195.35—Fireman’s Outfit
195.35–1 Application.
195.35–5 General.
195.35–10 Fireman’s outfit.
195.35–15 Stowage.
195.35–20 Spare charges.

Subpart 195.03—Marine Engineering
Systems
195.03–1

Subpart 195.05—Electrical Engineering and
Interior Communications Systems

Installation and details.

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§ 195.01–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

195.35–90 Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.

Subpart 195.40—Pilot Boarding Equipment
195.40–1

§ 195.03–1

Pilot boarding equipment.

AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2113, 3306, 3307; 49
U.S.C. App. 1804; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3
CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 195.01—Application
§ 195.01–1

General.

(a) The provisions of this part shall
apply to all vessels except as specifically noted in this part.
§ 195.01–3

Incorporation by reference.

(a) Certain materials are incorporated by reference into this part
with the approval of the Director of the
Federal Register in accordance with 5
U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition
other than the one listed in paragraph
(b) of this section, notice of the change
must be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER and the material made available
to the public. All approved material is
on file at the Office of the Federal Register, Washington, DC 20408, and at the
U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Design and
Engineering Standards, (CG–521), 2100
2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC
20593–7126, and is available from the address indicated in paragraph (b).
(b) The material approved for incorporation by reference in this part, and
the sections affected is:
American Society for Testing and
Materials (ASTM)
100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken,
PA 19428–2959.
ASTM F 1014–92, Standard Specification for
Flashlights on Vessels—195.35–5

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 195.03—Marine
Engineering Systems

[CGD 82–042, 53 FR 17706, May 18, 1988, as
amended by CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50735, Sept. 27,
1996; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51051, Sept. 30, 1997;
USCG–1999–5151, 64 FR 67187, Dec. 1, 1999;
USCG–2009–0702, 74 FR 49241, Sept. 25, 2009]

Installation and details.

(a) The installation of all systems of
a marine engineering nature, together
with the details of design, construction, and installation, shall be in accordance with the requirements of Subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of this
chapter. Systems of this type include
the following:
Steering Systems.
Bilge and Ballast Systems.
Tank Vent and Sounding Systems.
Overboard Discharges and Shell Connections.
Pipe and Pressure Systems.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Systems.

Subpart 195.05—Electrical Engineering and Interior Communications Systems
§ 195.05–1

Installation and details.

(a) The installation of all systems of
an electrical engineering or interior
communication nature, together with
the details of design, construction, and
installation shall be in accordance with
the requirements of Subchapter J
(Electrical Engineering) of this chapter. Systems of this type include the
following:
Ship’s Service Generating Systems.
Ship’s Service Power Distribution Systems.
Ship’s Lighting Systems.
Electric Propulsion and Propulsion Control
Systems.
Emergency Lighting and Power Systems.
Electric Lifeboat Winch Systems.
Electric Steering Gear and Steering Control
Systems.
Fire Detecting and Alarm Systems.
Sound Powered Telephone and Voice Tube
Systems.
Engine Order Telegraph Systems.
Rudder Angle Indicator Systems.
Refrigerated Spaces Alarm Systems.
Navigation Lights Systems.
Daylight Signaling Lights.
Miscellaneous Machinery Alarms and Controls.
General Alarm Systems.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 195.09–5

Subpart 195.06—Lifesaving
Appliances and Arrangements
§ 195.06–1 Lifesaving appliances and
arrangements.
All lifesaving appliances and arrangements shall be in accordance with
the requirements for special purpose
vessels in subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this
chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25312, May 20, 1996]

Subpart 195.07—Anchors, Chains,
and Hawsers

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 195.07–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart,
with the exception of § 195.07–90, shall
apply to all vessels other than unmanned barges, contracted for on or
after March 1, 1968.
(b) Vessels other than unmanned
barges contracted for prior to March 1,
1968 shall meet the requirements of
§ 195.07–90.
§ 195.07–5 Ocean, coastwise, or Great
Lakes service.
(a) Vessels in ocean, coastwise, or
Great Lakes service shall be fitted with
anchors, chains, and hawsers which
shall be in general agreement with the
standards established by the American
Bureau of Shipping, see subpart 188.35
of part 188 of this subchapter.
(b) In addition to the provisions of
paragraph (a) of this section, the following requirements and alternatives
also apply:
(1) The American Bureau of Shipping
rules relating to anchor equipment are
mandatory, not a guide.
(2) Vessels under 200 feet (61 meters)
in length and with an American Bureau
of Shipping equipment number of less
than 150 may be equipped with either:
(i) One anchor of the tabular weight
and one-half the tabulated length of
anchor chain listed in the applicable
standard, or
(ii) Two anchors of one-half the tabular weight with the total length of anchor chain listed in the applicable
standard provided both anchors are in
a position that allows for ready use at
all times and the windlass is capable of
heaving in either anchor.

(c) Standards of other recognized
classification societies may be used, in
lieu of those established by the American Bureau of Shipping, upon approval
by the Commandant.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 87–013, 53 FR 20624, June 6,
1988]

§ 195.07–10 Lakes, bays, and sounds, or
river service.
(a) Vessels in lakes, bays, and sounds,
or river service shall be fitted with
such ground tackle and hawsers as
deemed necessary by the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, depending
upon the size of the vessel and the
waters on which it operates.
§ 195.07–90 Vessels
contracted
prior to March 1, 1968.

(a) Vessels contracted for prior to
March 1, 1968, shall meet the following
requirements:
(1) Existing arrangements, materials,
installations, and facilities previously
accepted or approved shall be considered satisfactory for the same service
so long as they are maintained in good
condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. If
the service of the vessel is changed, the
suitability of the equipment will be established by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(2) Minor repairs, alterations and replacements may be permitted to the
same standards as the original installations. However, all new installations,
major alterations, or major replacements shall meet the applicable requirements in this subpart for new vessels.

Subpart 195.09—Scientific
Equipment
§ 195.09–1

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels.
§ 195.09–5

General.

(a) All scientific equipment shall be
designed to good commercial standards
for such appliances, where applicable.
Their electrical and pressure connections to the ship’s supply shall be designed to marine standards.

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§ 195.11–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(b) It shall be the responsibility of
the owner to assure that the scientific
equipment and their electrical or pressure connections to the ship’s supply
are maintained in such a manner as to
be free of personnel hazards which may
be caused by shock, temperature extremes, and moving parts.

Subpart 195.11—Portable Vans
and Tanks
§ 195.11–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 195.11–5 Scope.
(a) The provisions in this subpart
contain requirements for the design,
construction, and stowage of portable
vans, or tanks, which may be carried
on board vessels. As used in this subpart, portable vans and tanks, are intended to include those temporary
structures which may be carried
aboard a vessel for a limited period of
time and which are not permanently
attached to the vessel.
(b) Special consideration may be
given to the approval of portable structures which have been used for other
purposes prior to proposed use on these
vessels.
(c) As used in this subpart, portable
vans, magazines, chests, etc., are intended to include those temporary
structures which may be carried
aboard a vessel for a limited period of
time and which are not permanently
attached to the vessel. The use, arrangement, and handling of such portable structures shall be approved by
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, prior to placement on board the
vessel.
§ 195.11–10 Design and construction of
portable vans.
(a) The design and material selection
shall incorporate consideration of
forces and environmental conditions to
which the structure, attachments, and
attachment points will be exposed.
(b) Steel, aluminum or other substantial material suitable for a marine environment may be used for construction of the basic van box.
(c) Accommodation vans are those intended to provide increased accommo-

dation and related spaces of a temporary nature aboard a vessel. They
shall, insofar as is reasonable and practicable, meet the applicable requirements of this subchapter for means of
escape, arrangement, interior construction, and electrical installations.
(d) Power vans are those outfitted
with electrical power generating machinery or batteries providing electrical power for other vans or to scientific equipment. They shall insofar
as is reasonable and practicable meet
the applicable requirements of this
subchapter for pressure piping, electrical, fire extinguishing and ventilation systems.
(e) Vans for the use or storage of
chemical stores as defined in § 194.05–3
of this subchapter shall be constructed
and outfitted in accordance with the
applicable requirements of this subchapter.
(f) Vans containing scientific equipment are considered as within the definition of § 188.10–67 of this subchapter.
§ 195.11–15
tion.

Plan approval and inspec-

(a) Accommodation, power and chemical stores vans are subject to normal
plan submission procedures of subpart
189.55 and to initial construction inspection. They must be inspected at
each inspection for certification and
periodic inspection.
(b) Vans which have not undergone
plan review and initial inspection may
be accepted on a single voyage basis by
the OCMI provided that they are in
good condition and are free of hazards
to personnel.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by USCG–1999–4976, 65 FR 6510, Feb.
9, 2000]

§ 195.11–20

Marking and label plate.

(a) All vans shall be provided with a
label plate stating light weight, gross
weight, and power requirements where
applicable.
(b) For vans subject to inspection
label plates shall provide space for the
date of initial inspection, the marine
inspector’s initials, and stamp. Space
shall also be provided for the reinspection stamping.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 195.30–1

§ 195.11–25 Loading and stowage.
(a) Vans required to be inspected and
bearing a current inspection stamp
may be accepted for loading and stowage by the master of the vessel who
shall insure that the van is in good
condition.
(1) Vans containing scientific equipment and nonhazardous stores may be
accepted by the master of the vessel
subject to his inspection to determine
that electrical and pressure connections are in good condition and adequate for the service intended.
(b) The master shall insure that all
vans are securely stowed and attached
to the vessel to prevent shifting in a
seaway. Portable vans to be occupied
during the vessel’s operation shall be
securely attached to the vessel by
welding, bolting, or equivalent means.
(c) Vans shall be located with due regard to access and to prevent recirculation of the discharge from the exhaust
systems of the vessel.
(d) The loading of vans shall be in accordance with the stability requirements of the vessel.
(e) Prior to a vessel’s departure, an
entry shall be made in the official logbook for each portable van placed on
board that such van and its stowage
are in compliance with the applicable
requirements in this subchapter.
§ 195.11–30 Portable tanks.
(a) All portable tanks, whether hazardous or nonhazardous commodities,
shall be loaded and stowed in accordance with the stability requirements of
the vessel.
(b) Portable tanks for flammable or
combustible liquids in bulk (see
§ 188.05–30(b) of this subchapter) shall
not be carried on vessels.
(c) Portable tanks containing other
hazardous materials shall be in accordance with the requirements of 49 CFR
parts 171–179.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 86–033, 53 FR 36027, Sept. 16,
1988]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 195.17—Radar
§ 195.17–1 When required.
All mechanically propelled vessels of
1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or

coastwise service must be fitted with a
marine radar system for surface navigation. Facilities for plotting radar
readings must be provided on the
bridge.
[CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5965, Jan. 31, 1977]

Subpart 195.19—Magnetic
Compass and Gyrocompass
§ 195.19–1 When required.
(a) All mechanically propelled vessels
in ocean or coastwise service must be
fitted with a magnetic compass.
(b) All mechanically propelled vessels
of 1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or
coastwise service must be fitted with a
gyrocompass in addition to the magnetic compass.
(c) Each vessel must have an illuminated repeater for the gyrocompass required under paragraph (b) that is at
the main steering stand unless the gyrocompass is illuminated and is at the
main steering stand.
[CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5965, Jan. 31, 1977]

Subpart 195.27—Sounding
Equipment
§ 195.27–1 When required.
(a) All mechanically propelled vessels
of 500 gross tons and over shall be
fitted with an efficient electronic deepsea sounding apparatus and another
independent means of obtaining deepsea soundings, which may be a deep-sea
hand lead.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5965, Jan. 31,
1977]

Subpart 195.30—Protection From
Refrigerants
SOURCE: CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23,
1992, unless otherwise noted.

§ 195.30–1 Application.
(a) This subpart, except § 195.30–90,
applies to each vessel that is contracted for on or after November 23,
1992, and is equipped with any refrigeration unit using—
(1) Ammonia to refrigerate any space
with a volume of more than 20 cubic
feet; or

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§ 195.30–5

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(2) Fluorocarbons to refrigerate any
space with a volume of more than 1000
cubic feet.
(b) Each vessel that is contracted for
before November 23, 1992, must satisfy
§ 195.30–90 if it is equipped with any refrigeration unit using—
(1) Ammonia to refrigerate any space
with a volume of more than 20 cubic
feet, or
(2) Fluorocarbons to refrigerate any
space with a volume of more than 1000
cubic feet.
§ 195.30–5 General.
(a) Each self-contained breathing apparatus must be of the pressure-demand, open-circuit type, approved by
the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and by the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH), and have at a minimum a 30-minute air supply, a full
facepiece, and a spare charge.
(b) All equipment shall be maintained in an operative condition, and it
shall be the responsibility of the master and chief engineer to ascertain that
a sufficient number of the crew are familiar with the operation of the equipment.

item in an installation or a replacement must meet all applicable specifications.
(c) Each respirator must either satisfy § 195.30–5(a) or be a self-contained
compressed-air breathing apparatus
previously approved by MSHA and
NIOSH under part 160, subpart 160.011,
of this chapter.
[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23, 1992, as
amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30,
1997]

Subpart 195.35—Fireman’s Outfit
§ 195.35–1 Application.
(a) This subpart, except § 195.35–90,
applies to each vessel, other than an
unmanned barge, contracted for on or
after November 23, 1992.
(b) Each vessel, other than an unmanned barge, contracted for before
November 23, 1992, must satisfy § 195.35–
90.
(c) All unmanned barges are exempt
from the requirements in this subpart.
However, if any unmanned barge carries a fireman’s outfit, the outfit must
meet the requirements in this subpart
for such outfits aboard manned barges.
[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23, 1992]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 195.30–15 Self-contained
breathing
apparatus.
(a) Each vessel must have a self-contained breathing apparatus for use as
protection against gas leaking from a
refrigeration unit.
(b) The self-contained breathing apparatus required by paragraph (a) of
this section may be one of those required by § 195.35–10.
§ 195.30–90 Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.
Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992, must meet the following
requirements:
(a) Each vessel must satisfy §§ 195.30–
5 through 195.30–15 concerning the number of items and method of stowage of
equipment.
(b) Items of equipment previously approved, but not meeting the applicable
specifications set forth in § 195.30–5,
may continue in service as long as they
are maintained in good condition to
the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection; but each

§ 195.35–5 General.
(a) All flame safety lamps shall be of
an approved type, constructed in accordance with subpart 160.016 of part
160 of Subchapter Q (Specifications) of
this chapter.
(b) Each self-contained breathing apparatus must be of the pressure-demand, open-circuit type, approved by
the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and by the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH), and have at a minimum a 30-minute air supply and a full
facepiece.
(c) Flashlights shall be Type II or
Type III, constructed and marked in
accordance with ASTM F 1014 (incorporated by reference, see § 195.01–3).
(d) All lifelines shall be of steel or
bronze wire rope. Steel wire rope shall
be either inherently corrosion-resistant, or made so by galvanizing or tinning. Each end shall be fitted with a
hook with keeper having throat opening which can be readily slipped over a

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 195.40–1

5⁄8-inch bolt. The total length of the
lifeline shall be dependent upon the
size and arrangement of the vessel, and
more than one line may be hooked together to achieve the necessary length.
No individual length of lifeline may be
less than 50 feet in length. The assembled lifeline shall have a minimum
breaking strength of 1,500 pounds.
(e) All equipment shall be maintained in an operative condition, and it
shall be the responsibility of the master and chief engineer to ascertain that
a sufficient number of the crew are familiar with the operation of the equipment.
(f) Boots and gloves shall be of rubber
or other electrically nonconducting
material.
(g) The helmet shall provide effective
protection against impact.
(h) Protective clothing shall be of
material that will protect the skin
from the heat of fire and burns from
scalding steam. The outer surface shall
be water resistant.

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1156, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 69–72, 34 FR 17504, Oct. 29,
1969; CGD 82–042, 53 FR 17706, May 18, 1988;
CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23, 1992; USCG–
1999–5151, 64 FR 67187, Dec. 1, 1999]

§ 195.35–10 Fireman’s outfit.
(a) Each fireman’s outfit must consist of one self-contained breathing apparatus, one lifeline with a belt or a
suitable harness, one flashlight, one
flame safety lamp, one rigid helmet,
boots and gloves, protective clothing,
and one fire ax.
(b) Every vessel shall carry at least
two fireman’s outfits. The fireman’s
outfits must be stored in widely separated, accessible locations.
[CGFR 69–72, 34 FR 17504, Oct. 29, 1969, as
amended by CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5965, Jan. 31,
1977; CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23, 1992]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 195.35–15 Stowage.
(a) Equipment shall be stowed in a
convenient, accessible location as determined by the master, for use in case
of emergency.
§ 195.35–20 Spare charges.
(a) A complete recharge shall be carried for each self-contained breathing
apparatus, and a complete set of spare
batteries shall be carried for each

flashlight. The spares shall be stowed
in the same location as the equipment
it is to reactivate.
§ 195.35–90 Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.
Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992, must meet the following
requirements:
(a) Each vessel must satisfy §§ 195.35–
5 through 195.35–20 concerning the number of items and method of stowage of
equipment.
(b) Items of equipment previously approved, but not meeting the applicable
specifications set forth in § 195.35–5,
may continue in service as long as they
are maintained in good condition to
the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection; but each
item in an installation or a replacement must meet all applicable specifications.
(c) Each respirator must either satisfy § 195.35–5(b) or be a self-contained
compressed-air breathing apparatus
previously approved by MSHA and
NIOSH under part 160, subpart 160.011,
of this chapter.
[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48327, Oct. 23, 1992, as
amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30,
1997]

Subpart 195.40—Pilot Boarding
Equipment
§ 195.40–1

Pilot boarding equipment.

(a) This section applies to each vessel
that normally embarks or disembarks
a pilot from a pilot boat or other vessel.
(b) Each vessel must have suitable
pilot boarding equipment available for
use on each side of the vessel. If a vessel has only one set of equipment, the
equipment must be capable of being
easily transferred to and rigged for use
on either side of the vessel.
(c) Pilot boarding equipment must be
capable of resting firmly against the
vessel’s side and be secured so that it is
clear from overboard discharges.
(d) Each vessel must have lighting
positioned to provide adequate illumination for the pilot boarding equipment and each point of access.
(e) Each vessel must have a point of
access that has—

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Pt. 196

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

(1) A gateway in the rails or bulwark
with adequate handholds; or
(2) Two handhold stanchions and a
bulwark ladder that is securely attached to the bulwark rail and deck.
(f) The pilot boarding equipment required by paragraph (b) of this section
must include at least one pilot ladder
approved under subpart 163.003 of this
chapter. Each pilot ladder must be of a
single length and capable of extending
from the point of access to the water’s
edge during each condition of loading
and trim, with an adverse list of 15°.
(g) Whenever the distance from the
water’s edge to the point of access is
more than 30 feet, access from a pilot
ladder to the vessel must be by way of
an accommodation ladder or equally
safe and convenient means.
(h) Pilot hoists, if used, must be approved under subpart 163.002 of this
chapter.

196.15–15 Examination of boilers and machinery.
196.15–18 Loading doors.
196.15–20 Hatches and other openings.
196.15–30 Emergency lighting and power systems.
196.15–35 Emergency training, musters, and
drills.
196.15–55 Requirements for fuel oil.
196.15–60 Firefighting equipment, general.

Subpart 196.19—Maneuvering
Characteristics
196.19–1

Data required.

196.20–1

Unnecessary whistling prohibited.

Subpart 196.20—Whistling

Subpart 196.25—Searchlights
196.25–1

Improper use prohibited.

Subpart 196.27—Lookouts
196.27–1 Master’s
bility.

and

officer’s

responsi-

[CGD 79–032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984]

Subpart 196.30—Reports of Accidents,
Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment

PART 196—OPERATIONS

196.30–1 Repairs to boilers and pressure vessels.
196.30–5 Accidents to machinery.
196.30–10 Notice required before repair.
196.30–20 Breaking of safety valve seal.

Subpart 196.01—Application
Sec.
196.01–1

General.

Subpart 196.05—Notice to Mariners and
Aids to Navigation
196.05–1
196.05–5

Subpart 196.33—Communication Between
Deckhouses

Duty of officers.
Charts and nautical publications.

196.33–1

Subpart 196.34—Work Vests

Subpart 196.07—Notice and Reporting of
Casualty and Voyage Records
196.07–1 Notice and reporting of casualty
and voyage records.

Subpart 196.12—Stability Letter
196.12–1

Posting.

196.34–1 Application.
196.34–5 Approved types of work vests.
196.34–10 Use.
196.34–15 Shipboard stowage.
196.34–20 Shipboard inspections.
196.34–25 Additional requirements for hybrid
work vests.

Subpart 196.35—Logbook Entries

Subpart 196.13—Station Bills
196.13–1 Muster lists,
and manning.

emergency

signals,

196.35–1
196.35–3
196.35–5

Subpart 196.15—Test, Drills, and
Inspections

Application.
Logbooks and records.
Actions required to be logged.

Subpart 196.36—Display of Plans
196.36–1

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

When required.

196.15–1 Application.
196.15–3 Steering gear, whistle, and means
of communication.
196.15–5 Drafts.
196.15–7 Verification of vessel compliance
with applicable stability requirements.
196.15–10 Sanitation.

When required.

Subpart 196.37—Markings for Fire and
Emergency Equipment, etc.
196.37–1
196.37–3
196.37–5

Application.
General.
General alarm bell contact makers.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.05–1

196.37–7 General alarm bells.
196.37–9 Carbon dioxide alarm.
196.37–10 Fire extinguishing system branch
lines.
196.37–13 Fire extinguishing system controls.
196.37–15 Firehose stations.
196.37–20 Self-contained
breathing
apparatus and gas masks.
196.37–23 Hand portable fire extinguishers.
196.37–25 Emergency lights.
196.37–33 Instructions for changing steering
gear.
196.37–35 Rudder orders.
196.37–37 Markings for lifesaving appliances,
instructions to passengers, and stowage
locations.
196.37–47 Portable magazine chests.

Subpart 196.40—Markings on Vessels
196.40–1 Application.
196.40–5 Hull markings.
196.40–10 Draft marks and draft indicating
systems.
196.40–15 Load line marks.

Subpart 196.43—Placard of Lifesaving
Signals
196.43–1
196.43–5

Application.
Availability.

Subpart 196.45—Carrying of Excess Steam
196.45–1 Master and chief engineer responsible.

Subpart 196.50—Compliance With
Provisions of Certificate of Inspection
196.50–1 Master or person in charge responsible.

Subpart 196.53—Exhibition of Credential
196.53–1

Officers.

Subpart 196.80—Explosive Handling Plan
196.80–1

Master’s responsibility.

Subpart 196.85—Magazine Control
196.85–1

Magazine operation and control.

Subpart 196.95—Pilot Boarding Operations

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

196.95–1

Pilot boarding operations.

AUTHORITY: 33 U.S.C. 1321(j); 46 U.S.C. 2213,
3306, 5115, 6101; E.O. 12777, 56 FR 54757, 3 CFR,
1991 Comp., p. 351; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3
CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
SOURCE: CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1158, Jan. 27,
1968, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 196.01—Application
§ 196.01–1

General.

(a) The provisions of this part shall
apply to all vessels except as specifically noted in this part.

Subpart 196.05—Notice to
Mariners and Aids to Navigation
§ 196.05–1

Duty of officers.

(a) Licensed deck officers are required to acquaint themselves with the
latest information published by the
Coast Guard and the National Imagery
and Mapping Agency regarding aids to
navigation. Neglect to do so is evidence
of neglect of duty. It is desirable that
all vessels have available in the pilothouse for convenient reference at all
times a file of the applicable Notice to
Mariners.
(b) Weekly Notices to Mariners
(Great Lakes Edition) as published by
the Commander, 9th Coast Guard District, contains announcements and information on changes in aids to navigation and other marine information affecting the safety of navigation on the
Great Lakes. These notices may be obtained free of charge, by making application to Commander, 9th Coast Guard
District.
(c) Weekly Notices to Mariners
(worldwide coverage) are prepared
jointly by the National Imagery and
Mapping Agency, National Ocean Service, and the U.S. Coast Guard. They include changes in aids to navigation in
assembled form for the 1st, 5th, 7th,
Greater Antilles Section, 8th, 11th,
13th, 14th, and 17th Coast Guard Districts. Foreign marine information is
also included in these notices. These
notices are available without charge
from the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, U.S. Collector of Customs
of the major seaports in the United
States and are also on file in the U.S.
Consulates where they may be inspected.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1158, Jan. 27, 1968, as
amended by CGFR 68–32, 33 FR 5729, Apr. 12,
1968; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51220, Sept. 30, 1997;
USCG–2001–10224, 66 FR 48621, Sept. 21, 2001]

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§ 196.05–5
§ 196.05–5
tions.

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

As appropriate for the intended voyage, all vessels except barges, and vessels operating exclusively on rivers,
must carry adequate and up-to-date—
(a) Charts;
(b) Sailing directions;
(c) Coast pilots;
(d) Light lists;
(e) Notices to mariners;
(f) Tide tables;
(g) Current tables; and
(h) All other nautical publications
necessary. 1
[CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5965, Jan. 31, 1977]

Subpart 196.07—Notice and Reporting of Casualty and Voyage Records
§ 196.07–1 Notice and reporting of casualty and voyage records.
The requirements for providing notice and reporting of marine casualties
and for retaining voyage records are
contained in part 4 of this chapter.
[CGD 84–099, 52 FR 47536, Dec. 14, 1987]

Subpart 196.12—Stability Letter
§ 196.12–1

Posting.

If a stability letter is issued in accordance with the requirements in
§ 170.120 of this chapter, it must be
posted under glass or other suitable
transparent material in the pilothouse
of the vessel.
[CGD 79–023, 48 FR 51053, Nov. 4, 1983]

Subpart 196.13—Station Bills
§ 196.13–1 Muster lists, emergency signals, and manning.
The requirements for muster lists,
emergency signals, and manning must
be in accordance with subchapter W
(Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25313, May 20, 1996]
pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 196.15—Test, Drills, and
Inspections

Charts and nautical publica-

1 For United States vessels in or on the
navigable waters of the United States, see 33
CFR 164.33.

§ 196.15–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels.
§ 196.15–3 Steering gear, whistle, and
means of communication.
(a) On all vessels making a voyage of
more than 48 hours duration, the entire
steering gear, the whistle, and the
means of communication between the
bridge or pilothouse and engineroom
shall be examined and tested by an officer of the vessel within a period of not
more than 12 hours prior to departure.
On all other vessels similar examinations and tests shall be made at least
once in every week.
(b) The date of the test and the condition of the equipment shall be noted
in the official logbook.
§ 196.15–5 Drafts.
(a) The master of every vessel on an
ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes voyage shall enter the drafts of the vessel,
forward and aft, in the official logbook
when leaving port.
(b) On vessels subject to the requirements of Subchapter E (Load Lines) of
this chapter at the time of departure
from port on an ocean, coastwise, or
Great Lakes voyage, the master shall
insert in the official logbook a statement of the position of the loadline
mark, port, and starboard, in relation
to the surface of the water in which the
vessel is then floating.
(1) When an allowance for draft is
made for density of the water in which
the vessel is floating, this density is to
be noted in the official logbook.
§ 196.15–7 Verification of vessel compliance with applicable stability requirements.
(a) After loading and prior to departure and at all other times necessary
to assure the safety of the vessel, the
master shall determine that the vessel
complies with all applicable stability
requirements in the vessel’s trim and
stability book, stability letter, Certificate of Inspection, and Load Line Certificate, as the case may be, and then
enter an attestation statement of the
verification in the log book. The vessel

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.15–20

may not depart until it is in compliance with these requirements.
(b) When determining compliance
with applicable stability requirements
the vessel’s draft, trim, and stability
must be determined as necessary and
any stability calculations made in support of the determination must be retained on board the vessel for the duration of the voyage.
[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41828, Sept. 11, 1992]

§ 196.15–10 Sanitation.
(a) It shall be the duty of the master
and chief engineer to see that the vessel, and, in particular, the quarters are
in a clean and sanitary condition. The
chief engineer shall be responsible only
for the sanitary condition of the engineering department.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 196.15–15 Examination of boilers and
machinery.
(a) It shall be the duty of the chief
engineer when he assumes charge of
the boilers and machinery of a vessel
to examine them thoroughly. If any
parts thereof are in unsatisfactory condition, or if the safety-valve seals are
broken, the fact shall immediately be
reported to the master, owner, or
agent, and the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
§ 196.15–18 Loading doors.
(a) The master of a vessel fitted with
loading doors shall assure that all loading doors are closed watertight and secured during the entire voyage except
that—
(1) If a door cannot be opened or
closed while the vessel is at a dock, it
may be open while the vessel approaches and draws away from the
dock, but only as far as necessary to
enable the door to be immediately operated.
(2) If needed to operate the vessel, or
embark and disembark passengers
when the vessel is at anchor in protected waters, loading doors may be
open provided that the master determines that the safety of the vessel is
not impaired.
(b) For the purposes of this section,
‘‘loading doors’’ include all weathertight ramps, bow visors, and openings
used to load personnel, equipment,
cargo, and stores, in the collision bulk-

head, the side shell, and the boundaries
of enclosed superstructures that are
continuous with the shell of the vessel.
(c) The master shall enter into the
log book the time and door location of
every closing of the loading doors.
(d) The master shall enter into the
log book any opening of the doors in
accordance with paragraph (a)(2) of
this section setting forth the time of
the opening of the doors and the circumstances warranting this action.
[CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41828, Sept. 11, 1992]

§ 196.15–20
ings.

Hatches and other open-

(a) It shall be the responsibility of
the master to assure himself that all
exposed hatches and other openings in
the hull of his vessel are closed, made
properly watertight by the use of tarpaulins, gaskets or similar devices, and
in all respects properly secured for sea
before leaving protected waters.
(b) The openings to which this section applies are as follows:
(1) Exposed hatches.
(2) Gangway and other ports fitted
below the freeboard deck.
(3) Port lights that are not accessible
during navigation, including the dead
lights for such port lights.
(c) The master at his discretion may
permit hatches or other openings to remain uncovered or open, or to be uncovered or opened for reasonable purposes such as ship’s maintenance while
the vessel is being navigated: Provided,
That in his opinion existing conditions
warrant such action.
(d) In the event the master employs
the discretionary provisions of this section after leaving port he shall cause
appropriate entries to be made in the
official log or equivalent thereof setting forth the time of uncovering,
opening, closing or covering of the
hatches or other openings to which this
section applies and the circumstances
warranting the action taken.
(e) The discretionary provisions of
this section shall not relieve the master of his responsibility for the safety
of his vessel, equipment or persons on
board.

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§ 196.15–30

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

§ 196.15–30 Emergency
power systems.

lighting

and

(a) Where fitted, it shall be the duty
of the master to see that the emergency lighting and power systems are
operated and inspected at least once in
each week that the vessel is navigated
to be assured that the system is in
proper operating condition.
(b) Internal combustion engine driven emergency generators shall be operated under load for at least 2 hours, at
least once in each month that the vessel is navigated.
(c) Storage batteries for emergency
lighting and power systems shall be
tested at least once in each 6-month
period that the vessel is navigated to
demonstrate the ability of the storage
battery to supply the emergency loads
for the specified period of time.
(d) The date of the tests and the condition and performance of the apparatus shall be noted in the official logbook.
§ 196.15–35 Emergency training, musters, and drills.
Onboard training, musters, and drills
must be in accordance with subchapter
W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.

such equipment required by the regulations in this subchapter is provided,
maintained, and replaced as indicated.
(b) It shall be the duty of the owner,
master, or person in charge to require
and have performed at least once in
every 12 months the tests and inspections of all hand portable fire extinguishers, semiportable fire extinguishing systems, and fixed fire extinguishing systems on board as described
in Tables 189.25–20(a)(1) and 189.25–
20(a)(2) in § 189.25–20(a) of this subchapter. The owner, master, or person
in charge shall keep records of such
tests and inspections showing the dates
when performed, the number and/or
other identification of each unit tested
and inspected, and the name(s) of the
person(s) and/or company conducting
the tests and inspections. Such records
shall be made available to the marine
inspector upon request and shall be
kept for the period of validity of the
vessel’s current certificate of inspection. Where practicable these records
should be kept in or with the vessel’s
logbook. The conduct of these tests and
inspections does not relieve the owner,
master, or person in charge of his responsibility to maintain this firefighting equipment in proper condition
at all times.

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25313, May 20, 1996]

§ 196.15–55

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 196.19—Maneuvering
Characteristics

Requirements for fuel oil.

(a) It shall be the duty of the chief
engineer to cause an entry in the log to
be made of each supply of fuel oil received on board, stating the quantity
received, the name of the vendor, the
name of the oil producer, and the
flashpoint (closed cup test) for which it
is certified by the producer.
(b) It shall be the further duty of the
chief engineer to cause to be drawn and
sealed and suitably labeled at the time
the supply is received on board, a halfpint sample of each lot of fuel oil.
These samples shall be preserved until
the particular supply of oil is exhausted.
§ 196.15–60 Firefighting
equipment,
general.
(a) It shall be the duty of the owner,
master, or person in charge to see that
the vessel’s firefighting equipment is
at all times ready for use and that all

§ 196.19–1

Data required.

For each ocean and coastwise vessel
of 1,600 gross tons or over, the following apply:
(a) The following maneuvering information must be prominently displayed
in the pilothouse on a fact sheet:
(1) For full and half speed, a turning
circle diagram to port and starboard
that shows the time and the distance of
advance and transfer required to alter
the course 90 degrees with maximum
rudder angle and constant power settings.
(2) The time and distance to stop the
vessel from full and half speed while
maintaining approximately the initial
heading with minimum application of
rudder.
(3) For each vessel with a fixed propeller, a table of shaft revolutions per

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.30–5

minute for a representative range of
speeds.
(4) For each vessel with a controlable
pitch propeller a table of control settings for a representative range of
speeds.
(5) For each vessel that is fitted with
an auxiliary device to assist in maneuvering, such as a bow thruster, a table
of vessel speeds at which the auxiliary
device is effective in maneuvering the
vessel.
(b) The maneuvering information
must be provided in the normal load
and normal light condition with normal trim for a particular condition of
loading assuming the following—
(1) Calm weather—wind 10 knots or
less, calm sea;
(2) No current;
(3) Deep water conditions—water
depth twice the vessel’s draft or greater; and
(4) Clean hull.
(c) At the bottom of the fact sheet,
the following statement must appear:

(f) The requirements for information
for fact sheets for specialized craft
such as semi-submersibles, hydrofoils,
hovercraft and other vessels of unusual
design will be specified on a case by
case basis.

WARNING

Subpart 196.27—Lookouts

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

The response of the (name of the vessel) may
be different from those listed above if any of
the following conditions, upon which the maneuvering information is based, are varied:
(1) Calm weather—wind 10 knots or less,
calm sea;
(2) No current;
(3) Water depth twice the vessel’s draft or
greater.
(4) Clean hull; and
(5) Intermediate drafts or unusual trim.

(d) The information on the fact sheet
must be:
(1) Verified six months after the vessel is placed in service; or
(2) Modified six months after the vessel is placed into service and verified
within three months thereafter.
(e) The information that appears on
the fact sheet may be obtained from:
(1) Trial trip observations;
(2) Model tests;
(3) Analytical calculations;
(4) Simulations;
(5) Information established from another vessel of similar hull form,
power, rudder and propeller; or
(6) Any combination of the above.
The accuracy of the information in the
fact sheet required is that attainable
by ordinary shipboard navigation
equipment.

[CGD 73–78, 40 FR 2689, Jan. 15, 1975]

Subpart 196.20—Whistling
§ 196.20–1 Unnecessary whistling prohibited.
(a) The unnecessary sounding of the
vessel’s whistle is prohibited within
any harbor limits of the United States.

Subpart 196.25—Searchlights
§ 196.25–1

Improper use prohibited.

(a) No person shall flash or cause to
be flashed the rays of a searchlight or
other blinding light onto the bridge or
into the pilothouse of any vessel underway.

§ 196.27–1 Master’s
sponsibility.

and

officer’s

(a) Nothing in this part shall exonerate any master or officer in command from the consequences of any neglect to keep a proper lookout or the
neglect of any precaution which may
be required by the ordinary practice of
seamen or by the special circumstances
of the case.

Subpart 196.30—Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe
Equipment
§ 196.30–1 Repairs to boilers and pressure vessels.
(a) Before making any repairs to boilers or unfired pressure vessels, the
Chief Engineer shall submit a report
covering the nature of the repairs to
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, at or nearest to the U.S. port
where the repairs are to be made.
§ 196.30–5

Accidents to machinery.

(a) In the event of an accident to a
boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further
use of the item unsafe until repairs are

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§ 196.30–10

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

made, or if by ordinary wear such
items become unsafe, a report shall be
made by the Chief Engineer immediately to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, or if at sea, immediately upon arrival at port.
§ 196.30–10
pair.

Notice required before re-

(a) No repairs or alterations, except
in an emergency, shall be made to any
lifesaving or fire detecting or extinguishing equipment without advance
notice to the Officer in Charge, Marine
Inspection. When emergency repairs or
alterations have been made, notice
shall be given to the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, as soon as practicable.
§ 196.30–20
seal.

Breaking of safety valve

(a) If at any time it is necessary to
break the seal on a safety valve for any
purpose, the Chief Engineer shall advise the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, at the next port of call, giving the reason for breaking the seal
and requesting that the valve be examined and adjusted by an inspector.

Subpart 196.33—Communication
Between Deckhouses
§ 196.33–1

When required.

On all vessels navigating in other
than protected waters, where the distance between deckhouses is more than
46 meters (150 feet) a fixed means of facilitating
communication
between
both ends of the vessel, such as a raised
fore and aft bridge or side tunnels,
must be provided. Previously approved
arrangements may be retained so long
as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection.
[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26013, May 23, 1996]

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 196.34—Work Vests
§ 196.34–1

§ 196.34–5 Approved
vests.

types

of

(a) Each buoyant work vest carried
under the permissive authority of this
section must be approved under—
(1) Subpart 160.053 of this chapter; or
(2) Subpart 160.077 of this chapter as
a commercial hybrid PFD.
[CGD 78–174A, 51 FR 4352, Feb. 4, 1986]

§ 196.34–10

Use.

(a) Approved buoyant work vests are
considered to be items of safety apparel and may be carried aboard vessels
to be worn by crew members when
working near or over the water under
favorable working conditions. They
shall be used under the supervision and
control of designated ship’s officers.
When carried, such vests shall not be
accepted in lieu of any portion of the
required number of approved life preservers and shall not be substituted for
the approved life preservers required to
be worn during drills and emergencies.
§ 196.34–15

Shipboard stowage.

(a) The approved buoyant work vests
shall be stowed separately from the
regular stowage of approved life preservers.
(b) The locations for the stowage of
work vests shall be such as not to be
easily confused with that for approved
life preservers.
§ 196.34–20

Shipboard inspections.

(a) Each work vest shall be subject to
examination by a marine inspector to
determine its serviceability. If found to
be satisfactory, it may be continued in
service, but shall not be stamped by a
marine inspector with a Coast Guard
stamp. If a work vest is found not to be
in a serviceable condition, then such
work vest shall be removed from the
vessel. If a work vest is beyond repair,
it shall be destroyed or mutilated in
the presence of a marine inspector so
as to prevent its continued use as a
work vest.
§ 196.34–25 Additional
requirements
for hybrid work vests.

Application.

(a) Provisions of this subpart shall
apply to all vessels.

(a) In addition to the other requirements in this subpart, commercial hybrid PFD’s must be—

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.36–1

(1) Used, stowed, and maintained in
accordance with the procedures set out
in the manual required for these devices by § 160.077–29 of this chapter and
any limitations(s) marked on them;
and
(2) Of the same or similar design and
have the same method of operation as
each other hybrid PFD carried on
board.
[CGD 78–174A, 51 FR 4352, Feb. 4, 1986]

Subpart 196.35—Logbook Entries
§ 196.35–1

Application.

(a) Except as specifically noted, the
provisions of this subpart shall apply
to all manned vessels.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 196.35–3

Logbooks and records.

(a) The master or person in charge of
an oceanographic research vessel that
is required by 46 U.S.C. 11301 to have an
official logbook may maintain the logbook on form CG–706 or in the owner’s
format for an official logbook. Such
logs must be kept available for a review for a period of 1 year after the
date to which the records refer, or for
the period of validity of the vessel’s
current
certificate
of
inspection,
whichever is longer. When the voyage
is completed, the master or person in
charge shall file the logbook with the
Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(b) The master or person in charge of
a vessel that is not required by 46
U.S.C. 11301 to have an official logbook,
shall maintain, on aboard, an unofficial
logbook or record in any form desired
for the purposes of making entries
therein as required by law or regulations in this subchapter. Such logs or
records are not filed with the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, but must be
kept available for review by a marine
inspector for a period of 1 year after
the date to which the records refer.
Separate records of tests and inspections of fire fighting equipment must
be maintained with the vessel’s logs for
the period of validity of the vessel’s
certificate of inspection.
[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26013, May 23, 1996]

§ 196.35–5 Actions
logged.

required

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The actions and observations noted
in this section shall be entered in the
official logbook. This section contains
no requirements which are not made in
other portions of this subchapter, the
items being merely grouped together
for convenience.
(a) Onboard training, musters, and
drills: held in accordance with subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and
Arrangements) of this chapter.
(b) Steering gear, whistle, and means
of communication. Prior to departure.
See § 196.15–3.
(c) Drafts and load line marks. Prior
to leaving port, ocean, coastwise, and
Great Lakes service only. See § 196.15–5.
(d) Verification of vessel compliance
with applicable stability requirements.
After loading and prior to departure
and at all other times necessary to assure the safety of the vessel. See
§ 196.15–7.
(e) Loading doors. Where applicable,
every closing and any opening when
not docked. See § 196.15–18.
(f) Emergency lighting and power
systems. Weekly and semiannually.
See § 196.15–30.
(g) Fuel oil data: Upon receipt of fuel
oil on board. See § 196.15–55.
(h) Hatches and other openings. All
openings and closings required by
§ 196.15–20.
(i) Magazines and magazine chests.
Maximum and minimum temperatures
as required by § 196.85–1(b).
(j) Portable vans, prior to departure.
See § 195.11–25(e) of this subchapter.
(k) Weight handling gear, prior to departure. See § 189.35–13(b) of this subchapter.
[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1158, Jan. 27, 1988, as
amended by CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41828, Sept. 11,
1992; CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25313, May 20, 1996]

Subpart 196.36—Display of Plans
§ 196.36–1 When required.
(a) All manned vessels shall have permanently exhibited for the guidance of
the officer in charge of the vessel, general arrangement plans showing for
each deck the various fire retardant
bulkheads together with particulars of
the fire-detecting, manual alarm and

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§ 196.37–1

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

fire extinguishing systems, fire doors,
means of ingress to the different compartments, the ventilating systems including the positions of the dampers,
the location of the remote means of
stopping the fans, and the identification of the fans serving each section.

Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels.
§ 196.37–3

General.

(a) It is the intent of this subpart to
provide such markings as are necessary
for the guidance of the persons on
board in case of an emergency. In any
specific case, and particularly on small
vessels, where it can be shown to the
satisfaction of the Officer in Charge,
Marine Inspection, that the prescribed
markings are unnecessary for the guidance of the persons on board in case of
emergency, such markings may be
modified or omitted.
(b) In addition to English, notices, directional signs, etc., shall be printed in
languages appropriate to the service of
the vessel.
(c) Where in this subpart red letters
are specified, letters of a contrasting
color on a red background will be accepted.
§ 196.37–5 General alarm bell contact
makers.
(a) Each general alarm contact
maker must be marked in accordance
with requirements in Subpchapter J
(Electrical Engineering Regulations) of
this chapter.
[CGD 74–125a, 47 FR 15279, Apr. 8, 1982]
CROSS REFERENCE: See also § 113.25–20 of
Subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this
chapter.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 196.37–7

Carbon dioxide alarm.

(a) All carbon dioxide alarms shall be
conspicuously
identified:
‘‘WHEN
ALARM SOUNDS—VACATE AT ONCE.
CARBON
DIOXIDE
BEING
RELEASED.’’
§ 196.37–10 Fire extinguishing system
branch lines.

Subpart 196.37—Markings for Fire
and Emergency Equipment, etc.
§ 196.37–1

§ 196.37–9

General alarm bells.

(a) All general alarm bells shall be
identified by red lettering at least 1⁄2
inch high: ‘‘GENERAL ALARM—
WHEN BELL RINGS GO TO YOUR
STATION.’’

(a) The branch line valves of all fire
extinguishing systems shall be plainly
and permanently marked indicating
the spaces served.
§ 196.37–13 Fire extinguishing system
controls.
(a) The control cabinets or spaces
containing valves or manifolds for the
various fire extinguishing systems
shall be distinctly marked in conspicuous red letters at least 2 inches
high: ‘‘CARBON DIOXIDE FIRE APPARATUS,’’ or ‘‘FOAM FIRE APPARATUS,’’ etc., as the case may be.
§ 196.37–15

Firehose stations.

(a) Each fire hydrant shall be identified in red letters and figures at least 2
inches high ‘‘FIRE STATION NO. 1’’,
‘‘2’’, ‘‘3’’, etc. Where the hose is not
stowed in the open or behind glass so
as to be readily seen, this identification shall be so placed as to be readily
seen from a distance.
§ 196.37–20 Self-contained
breathing
apparatus and gas masks.
(a) Lockers or spaces containing selfcontained breathing apparatus shall be
marked ‘‘SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS’’.
§ 196.37–23 Hand portable fire extinguishers.
(a) Each hand portable fire extinguisher shall be marked with a number
and the location where stowed shall be
marked with a corresponding number
at least 1⁄2 inch high. Where only one
type and size of hand portable fire extinguisher is carried, the numbering
may be omitted.
§ 196.37–25

Emergency lights.

(a) All emergency lights shall be
marked with a letter ‘‘E’’ at least 1⁄2
inch high.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.40–10
PORTABLE MAGAZINE CHEST

§ 196.37–33 Instructions for changing
steering gear.
(a) Instructions in at least 1⁄2 inch
letters and figures shall be posted in
the steering engineroom, relating in
order, the different steps to be taken in
changing to the emergency steering
gear. Each clutch, gear, wheel, lever,
valve, or switch which is used during
the changeover shall be numbered or
lettered on a metal plate or painted so
that the markings can be recognized at
a reasonable distance. The instructions
shall indicate each clutch or pin to be
‘‘in’’ or ‘‘out’’ and each valve or switch
which is to be ‘‘opened’’ or ‘‘closed’’ in
shifting to any means of steering for
which the vessel is equipped. Instructions shall be included to line up all
steering wheels and rudder amidship
before changing gears.
§ 196.37–35

Rudder orders.

(a) At all steering stations, there
shall be installed a suitable notice on
the wheel or device or in such other position as to be directly in the helmsman’s line of vision, to indicate the direction in which the wheel or device
must be turned for ‘‘right rudder’’ and
for ‘‘left rudder’’.
§ 196.37–37 Markings for lifesaving appliances, instructions to passengers,
and stowage locations.
Lifesaving appliances, instructions to
passengers, and stowage locations must
be marked in accordance with subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and
Arrangements) of this chapter.
[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25313, May 20, 1996]

§ 196.37–47

Portable magazine chests.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

(a) Portable magazine chests shall be
marked in letters at least 3 inches
high:

— FLAMMABLE —
KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY.

Subpart 196.40—Markings on
Vessels
§ 196.40–1 Application.
(a) The provisions of this subpart
shall apply to all vessels except as specifically noted.
§ 196.40–5 Hull markings.
Vessels shall be marked as required
by parts 67 and 69 of this chapter.
[CGD 72–104R, 37 FR 14233, July 18, 1972; 37
FR 18537, Sept. 13, 1972]

§ 196.40–10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems.
(a) All vessels must have draft marks
plainly and legibly visible upon the
stem and upon the sternpost or
rudderpost or at any place at the stern
of the vessel as may be necessary for
easy observance. The bottom of each
mark must indicate the draft.
(b) The draft must be taken from the
bottom of the keel to the surface of the
water at the location of the marks.
(c) In cases where the keel does not
extend forward or aft to the location of
the draft marks, due to raked stem, or
cutaway skeg, the datum line from
which the draft shall be taken shall be
obtained by projecting the line of the
bottom of keel forward, or aft, as the
case may be, to the location of the
draft marks.
(d) In cases where a vessel may have
a skeg or other appendage extending
locally below the line of the keel, the
draft at the end of the vessel adjacent
to such appendage shall be measured to
a line tangent to the lowest part of
such appendage and parallel to the line
of the bottom of the keel.
(e) Draft marks must be separated so
that the projections of the marks onto
a vertical plane are of uniform height
equal to the vertical spacing between
consecutive marks.
(f) Draft marks must be painted in
contrasting color to the hull.
(g) In cases where draft marks are obscured due to operational constraints
or by protrusions, the vessel must be

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§ 196.40–15

46 CFR Ch. I (10–1–11 Edition)

fitted with a reliable draft indicating
system from which the bow and stern
drafts can be determined.

Subpart 196.50—Compliance With
Provisions of Certificate of Inspection

[CGFR 67–83, 33 FR 1158, Jan. 27, 1988, as
amended by CGD 89–037, 57 FR 41828, Sept. 11,
1992]

§ 196.50–1 Master or person in charge
responsible.

§ 196.40–15

Load line marks.

(a) Vessels assigned a load line shall
have the deck line and the load line
marks permanently marked or embossed as required by Subchapter E
(Load Lines) of this chapter.

Subpart 196.43—Placard of
Lifesaving Signals
SOURCE: CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26013, May 23,
1996, unless otherwise noted.

§ 196.43–1

Availability.

§ 196.53–1

Officers.

All officers on a vessel must have
their licenses or officer endorsements
conspicuously displayed.
[USCG–2006–24371, 74 FR 11267, Mar. 16, 2009]

On all vessels to which this subpart
applies there must be readily available
to the deck officer of the watch a
placard containing instructions for the
use of the lifesaving signals set forth in
regulation 16, chapter V, of the International Convention for Safety of Life
at Sea, 1974. These signals must be used
by vessels or persons in distress when
communicating with lifesaving stations and maritime rescue units.

Subpart 196.45—Carrying of
Excess Steam
§ 196.45–1 Master and chief engineer
responsible.

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

Subpart 196.53—Exhibition of
Credential

Application.

The provisions of this subpart apply
to all vessels on an international voyage, and all other vessels of 150 gross
tons or over in ocean, coastwise, or
Great Lakes service.
§ 196.43–5

(a) It shall be the duty of the master
or other person in charge of the vessel
to see that all of the provisions of the
certificate of inspection are strictly
adhered to. Nothing in this subpart
shall be construed as limiting the master or other person in charge of the
vessel, at his own responsibility, from
diverting from the route prescribed in
the certificate of inspection or taking
such other steps as he deems necessary
and prudent to assist vessels in distress
or for other similar emergencies.

(a) It shall be the duty of the master
and the engineer in charge of the boilers of any vessel to require that a
steam pressure is not carried in excess
of that allowed by the certificate of inspection and to require that the safety
valves, once set and sealed by the inspector, are in no way tampered with
or made inoperative except as provided
in § 196.30–20.

Subpart 196.80—Explosive
Handling Plan
§ 196.80–1

Master’s responsibility.

(a) It shall be the responsibility of
the master to have prepared, signed,
and prominently posted in conspicuous
locations, operating procedures, plans,
and safety precautions for all operations involving the use of explosives.
(b) The operating procedures referred
to in paragraph (a) of this section shall
include and set forth the special duties
and stations of appropriate qualified
persons for various operations involving the use of explosives. Assignment
of such persons shall be commensurate
with their experience and training.
(c) A copy of the operating procedures, plans and safety precautions required by paragraph (a) of this section
and all subsequent changes or revisions
shall be forwarded to the Officer in
Charge, Marine Inspection, issuing the
certificate of inspection for review.

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 196.95–1

Subpart 196.85—Magazine Control
§ 196.85–1 Magazine
operation
and
control.
(a) Keys to magazine spaces and magazine chests shall be kept in the sole
control or custody of the Master or one
delegated qualified person at all times.
Test fittings for magazine sprinkler
systems shall be kept in a locked cabinet under the custody of the Master.
(b) Whenever explosives are stored in
magazines and magazine chests they
shall be inspected daily. Magazine inspection results and corrective action,
when taken, shall be noted in the ship’s
log daily. Maximum and minimum
temperatures for the previous 24-hour
period shall be recorded in the ship’s
log along with general magazine condition and corrective action taken when
necessary.
(c) The magazine sprinkler controls
shall be tested monthly. Test results
and all corrective actions taken shall
be recorded in the ship’s log.
(d) The Master shall limit access to
the magazines, or the contents thereof,
to persons who can document 3 months
on board ship training in the use of explosives. This shall not be construed as
prohibiting access to the Master or
others designated by the Master.

Subpart 196.95—Pilot Boarding
Operations

pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with CFR

§ 196.95–1 Pilot boarding operations.
(a) The master shall ensure that pilot
boarding equipment is maintained as
follows:

(1) The equipment must be kept clean
and in good working order.
(2) Each damaged step or spreader
step on a pilot ladder must be replaced
in kind with an approved replacement
step or spreader step, prior to further
use of the ladder. The replacement step
or spreader step must be secured by the
method used in the original construction of the ladder, and in accordance
with manufacturer instructions.
(b) The master shall ensure compliance with the following during pilot
boarding operations:
(1) Only approved pilot boarding
equipment may be used.
(2) The pilot boarding equipment
must rest firmly against the hull of the
vessel and be clear of overboard discharges.
(3) Two man ropes, a safety line and
an approved lifebuoy with an approved
water light must be at the point of access and be immediately available for
use during boarding operations.
(4) Rigging of the equipment and embarkation/debarkation of a pilot must
be supervised in person by a deck officer.
(5) Both the equipment over the side
and the point of access must be adequately lit during the night operations.
(6) If a pilot hoist is used, a pilot ladder must be kept on deck adjacent to
the hoist and available for immediate
use.
[CGD 79–032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984]

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