1625-0112 Stat/Authority

CFR-2012-title33-vol2-part169-subpartC.pdf

Enhanced Maritime Domain Awareness via Electronic Transmission of Vessel Transit Data

1625-0112 Stat/Authority

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.200

§ 169.125 What classes of ships are required to make reports?
Each self-propelled ship of 300 gross
tons or greater must participate in the
reporting systems, except government
ships exempted from reporting by regulation V/8–1(c) of SOLAS. However, exempt ships are encouraged to participate in the reporting systems.
[USCG–1999–5525, 66 FR 58070, Nov. 20, 2001]

§ 169.130 When are ships required to
make reports?
Participating ships must report to
the shore-based authority upon entering the area covered by a reporting system. Additional reports are not necessary for movements made within a
system or for ships exiting a system.
§ 169.135 How must the reports be
made?
(a) A ship equipped with INMARSAT
C must report in IMO standard format
as provided in § 169.140 in table 169.140.
(b) A ship not equipped with
INMARSAT C must report to the Coast

Guard using other means, listed below
in order of precedence—
(1) Narrow band direct printing
(SITOR),
(2) HF voice communication, or
(3) MF or VHF voice communications.
(c) SITOR or HF reports made directly to the Coast Guard’s Communications Area Master Station Atlantic
(CAMSLANT) in Chesapeake, VA, or
MF or VHF reports made to Coast
Guard activities or groups, should only
be made by ships not equipped with
INMARSAT C. Ships in this category
must provide all the required information to the Coast Guard watchstander.
[USCG–1999–5525, 64 FR 29234, June 1, 1999, as
amended by 66 FR 58070, Nov. 20, 2001]

§ 169.140 What information must be included in the report?
Each ship report made to the shorebased authority must follow the standard reporting and format requirements
listed in this section in table 169.140.
Current email addresses and telex numbers are published annually in the US
Coast Pilot.

TABLE 169.140—REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIP REPORTS
Telegraphy

Function

Information required

Name of system .......
M ..............................
A ...............................

System identifier ......................................
INMARSAT Number ................................
Ship ..........................................................

B ...............................

Date and time of event ............................

E ...............................
F ...............................
H ...............................

True course .............................................
Speed in knots and tenths of knots ........
Date, time and point of entry into system

I ................................
L ...............................

Destination and expected time of arrival
Route information ....................................

Ship reporting system WHALESNORTH or WHALESSOUTH.
Vessel INMARSAT number
The name, call sign or ship station identity, IMO number, and
flag of the vessel.
A 6-digit group giving day of month (first two digits), hours
and minutes (last four digits).
A 3-digit group indicating true course.
A 3-digit group.
Entry time expressed as in (B) and entry position expressed
as-(1) a 4-digit group giving latitude in degrees and minutes suffixed with N(north) or S (south) and a 5-digit group
giving longitude in degrees and minutes suffixed with E
(east) or W (west); or (2) True bearing (first 3 digits) and
distance (state distance) in nautical miles from a clearly
identified landmark (state landmark)
Name of port and date time group expressed as in (B)
Intended track.

[USCG–1999–5525, 66 FR 58070, Nov. 20, 2001]

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Subpart C—Transmission of Long
Range
Identification
and
Tracking Information
SOURCE: USCG–2005–22612, 73 FR 23319, Apr.
29, 2008, unless otherwise noted.

§ 169.200 What is the purpose of this
subpart?
This subpart implements Regulation
19–1 of SOLAS Chapter V (SOLAS V/19–
1) and requires certain ships engaged
on an international voyage to transmit

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§ 169.205

33 CFR Ch. I (7–1–12 Edition)

vessel identification and position information electronically. This requirement enables the Coast Guard to obtain long range identification and
tracking (LRIT) information and thus
heightens our overall maritime domain
awareness, enhances our search and
rescue operations, and increases our
ability to detect anomalies and deter
transportation security incidents.

has been type-approved by their Administration. To be type-approved by
the Coast Guard, LRIT equipment
must meet the requirements of IMO
Resolutions A.694(17), MSC.210(81), and
MSC.254(83), and IEC standard IEC
60945 (Incorporated by reference, see
§ 169.15).

§ 169.205 What types of ships are required to transmit LRIT information (position reports)?

A ship identified in § 169.205 must be
equipped with LRIT equipment—
(a) Before getting underway, if the
ship is constructed on or after December 31, 2008.
(b) By the first survey of the radio installation after December 31, 2008, if
the ship is—
(1) Constructed before December 31,
2008, and
(2) Operates within—
(i) One hundred (100) nautical miles
of the United States baseline, or
(ii) Range of an Inmarsat geostationary satellite, or other Application Service Provider recognized by the
Administration, with which continuous
alerting is available.
(c) By the first survey of the radio installation after July 1, 2009, if the ship
is—
(1) Constructed before December 31,
2008, and
(2) Operates within the area or range
specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section as well as outside the range of an
Inmarsat geostationary satellite with
which continuous alerting is available.
While operating in the area or range
specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, however, a ship must install LRIT
equipment by the first survey of the
radio installation after December 31,
2008.

The following ships, while engaged on
an international voyage, are required
to transmit position reports:
(a) A passenger ship, including high
speed passenger craft.
(b) A cargo ship, including high speed
craft, of 300 gross tonnage or more.
(c) A mobile offshore drilling unit
while underway and not engaged in
drilling operations.
§ 169.210 Where
during
its
international voyage must a ship transmit position reports?

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The requirements for the transmission of position reports, imposed by
the United States, vary depending on
the relationship of the United States to
a ship identified in § 169.205.
(a) Flag State relationship. A U.S. flag
ship engaged on an international voyage must transmit position reports
wherever they are located.
(b) Port State relationship. A foreign
flag ship engaged on an international
voyage must transmit position reports
after the ship has announced its intention to enter a U.S. port or place under
requirements in 33 CFR part 160, subpart C.
(c) Coastal State relationship. A foreign flag ship engaged on an international voyage must transmit position reports when the ship is within
1,000 nautical miles of the baseline of
the United States, unless their Flag
Administration, under authority of
SOLAS V/19–1.9.1, has directed them
not to do so.
§ 169.215 How must a ship transmit position reports?
A ship must transmit position reports using Long Range Identification
and Tracking (LRIT) equipment that

§ 169.220 When must a ship be fitted
with LRIT equipment?

§ 169.225 Which Application
Providers may a ship use?

A ship may use an Application Service Provider (ASP) recognized by its
Administration. Some Communication
Service Providers may also serve as an
ASP.
§ 169.230 How often must a ship transmit position reports?
A ship’s LRIT equipment must transmit position reports at 6-hour intervals

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Coast Guard, DHS

§ 169.245

unless a more frequent interval is requested remotely by an LRIT Data
Center.
§ 169.235 What exemptions are there
from reporting?
A ship is exempt from this subpart if
it is—
(a) Fitted with an operating automatic identification system (AIS),
under 33 CFR 164.46, and operates only
within 20 nautical miles of the United
States baseline,
(b) A warship, naval auxiliaries or
other ship owned or operated by a
SOLAS Contracting Government and
used only on Government non-commercial service, or
(c) A ship solely navigating the Great
Lakes of North America and their connecting and tributary waters as far
east as the lower exit of the St. Lambert Lock at Montreal in the Province
of Quebec, Canada.
§ 169.240 When may LRIT equipment
be switched off?
A ship engaged on an international
voyage may switch off its LRIT equipment only when it is permitted by its
Flag Administration, in circumstances

detailed in SOLAS V/19–1.7, or in paragraph 4.4.1, of resolution MSC.210(81),
as amended by resolution MSC.254(83)
(Incorporated by reference, see § 169.15).
§ 169.245 What must a ship master do
if LRIT equipment is switched off
or fails to operate?
(a) If a ship’s LRIT equipment is
switched off or fails to operate, the
ship’s master must inform his or her
Flag Administration without undue
delay.
(b) The master must also make an
entry in the ship’s logbook that
states—
(1) His or her reason for switching
the LRIT equipment off, or an entry
that the equipment has failed to operate, and
(2) The period during which the LRIT
equipment was switched off or nonoperational.
NOTE TO § 169.245: For U.S. vessels, the U.S.
Coast Guard serves as the Flag Administration for purposes of this section. All LRIT
notifications for the U.S. Flag Administration, in addition to requests or questions
about LRIT, should be communicated to the
U.S. Coast Guard by e-mail addressed to
[email protected]

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SUBCHAPTERS Q–R [RESERVED]

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