Attachment_Public Law (P.L.) 114-95

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Attachment_Public Law (P.L.) 114-95

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

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EVERY STUDENT SUCCEEDS ACT

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129 STAT. 1802

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

Public Law 114–95
114th Congress
An Act
Dec. 10, 2015
[S. 1177]
Every Student
Succeeds Act.
20 USC 6301
note.

To reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to ensure
that every child achieves.
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Every Student Succeeds Act’’.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Short title.
Table of contents.
References.
Transition.
Effective dates.
Table of contents of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

TITLE I—IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL
EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES
PART A—IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCIES
Sec. 1000. Redesignations.
Sec. 1001. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 1002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1003. School improvement.
Sec. 1004. Direct student services.
Sec. 1005. State plans.
Sec. 1006. Local educational agency plans.
Sec. 1007. Eligible school attendance areas.
Sec. 1008. Schoolwide programs.
Sec. 1009. Targeted assistance schools.
Sec. 1010. Parent and family engagement.
Sec. 1011. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Sec. 1012. Supplement, not supplant.
Sec. 1013. Coordination requirements.
Sec. 1014. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the Interior.
Sec. 1015. Allocations to States.
Sec. 1016. Adequacy of funding rule.
Sec. 1017. Education finance incentive grant program.
PART B—STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS
Sec. 1201. State assessment grants.
PART C—EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN
Sec. 1301. Education of migratory children.

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PART D—PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH
WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK
Sec. 1401. Prevention and intervention programs for children and youth who are
neglected, delinquent, or at-risk.
PART E—FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING
Sec. 1501. Flexibility for equitable per-pupil funding.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1803

PART F—GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 1601. General provisions.
TITLE II—PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY
TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS
Sec. 2001. General provisions.
Sec. 2002. Preparing, training, and recruiting high-quality teachers, principals, or
other school leaders.
TITLE III—LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND
IMMIGRANT STUDENTS
Sec. 3001. Redesignation of certain provisions.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3003. English language acquisition, language enhancement, and academic
achievement.
Sec. 3004. General provisions.
TITLE IV—21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS
Sec. 4001. Redesignations and transfers.
Sec. 4002. General provisions.
PART A—STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS
Sec. 4101. Student support and academic enrichment grants.
PART B—21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS
Sec. 4201. 21st century community learning centers.
PART C—EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS
Sec. 4301. Charter schools.
PART D—MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE
Sec. 4401. Magnet schools assistance.
PART E—FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Sec. 4501. Family Engagement in Education Programs.
PART F—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
Sec. 4601. National activities.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

5001.
5002.
5003.
5004.
5005.

TITLE V—STATE INNOVATION AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY
General provisions.
Funding Transferability for State and Local Educational Agencies.
Rural education initiative.
General provisions.
Review relating to rural local educational agencies.

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TITLE VI—INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION
Sec. 6001. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 6002. Indian education.
Sec. 6003. Native Hawaiian education.
Sec. 6004. Alaska Native education.
Sec. 6005. Report on Native American language medium education.
Sec. 6006. Report on responses to Indian student suicides.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

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7001.
7002.
7003.
7004.
7005.
7006.
7007.
7008.
7009.
7010.
7011.
7012.
7013.

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TITLE VII—IMPACT AID
General provisions.
Purpose.
Payments relating to federal acquisition of real property.
Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Policies and procedures relating to children residing on Indian lands.
Application for payments under sections 7002 and 7003.
Construction.
Facilities.
State consideration of payments in providing state aid.
Federal administration.
Administrative hearings and judicial review.
Definitions.
Authorization of appropriations.

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129 STAT. 1804

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

8001.
8002.
8003.
8004.
8005.

Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

8006.
8007.
8008.
8009.
8010.
8011.
8012.
8013.
8014.
8015.
8016.
8017.
8018.
8019.
8020.
8021.
8022.
8023.
8024.
8025.

Sec. 8026.
Sec. 8027.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

8028.
8029.
8030.
8031.
8032.
8033.
8034.
8035.
8036.
8037.
8038.
8039.

Sec. 8040.
Sec. 8041.
Sec. 8042.

TITLE VIII—GENERAL PROVISIONS
General provisions.
Definitions.
Applicability of title.
Applicability to Bureau of Indian Education operated schools.
Consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary and secondary education programs.
Consolidation of funds for local administration.
Consolidated set-aside for Department of the Interior funds.
Department staff.
Optional consolidated State plans or applications.
General applicability of State educational agency assurances.
Rural consolidated plan.
Other general assurances.
Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.
Approval and disapproval of State plans and local applications.
Participation by private school children and teachers.
Standards for by-pass.
Complaint process for participation of private school children.
By-pass determination process.
Maintenance of effort.
Prohibition regarding state aid.
School prayer.
Prohibited uses of funds.
Prohibitions.
Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal funds.
Armed forces recruiter access to students and student recruiting information.
Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
Limitations on national testing or certification for teachers, principals,
or other school leaders.
Prohibition on requiring State participation.
Civil rights.
Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
Outreach and technical assistance for rural local educational agencies.
Consultation with the Governor.
Local governance.
Rule of construction regarding travel to and from school.
Limitations on school-based health centers.
State control over standards.
Sense of Congress on protecting student privacy.
Prohibition on aiding and abetting sexual abuse.
Sense of Congress on restoration of state sovereignty over public education.
Privacy.
Analysis and periodic review; sense of Congress; technical assistance.
Evaluations.

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TITLE IX—EDUCATION FOR THE HOMELESS AND OTHER LAWS
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

9101.
9102.
9103.
9104.
9105.
9106.
9107.

Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

9201.
9202.
9203.
9204.
9205.

Sec. 9206.
Sec. 9207.
Sec. 9208.
Sec. 9209.

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PART A—HOMELESS CHILDREN
Statement of policy.
Grants for State and local activities.
Local educational agency subgrants.
Secretarial responsibilities.
Definitions.
Authorization of appropriations.
Effective date.

AND

YOUTHS

PART B—MISCELLANEOUS; OTHER LAWS
Findings and sense of Congress on sexual misconduct.
Sense of Congress on First Amendment rights.
Preventing improper use of taxpayer funds.
Accountability to taxpayers through monitoring and oversight.
Report on Department actions to address Office of Inspector General reports.
Posthumous pardon.
Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 reauthorization.
Report on the reduction of the number and percentage of students who
drop out of school.
Report on subgroup sample size.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.

9210.
9211.
9212.
9213.
9214.
9215.

129 STAT. 1805

Report on student home access to digital learning resources.
Study on the title I formula.
Preschool development grants.
Review of Federal early childhood education programs.
Use of the term ‘‘highly qualified’’ in other laws.
Additional conforming amendments to other laws.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act
an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment
to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall
be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301
et seq.).

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SEC. 4. TRANSITION.

(a) FUNDING AUTHORITY.—
(1) MULTI-YEAR AWARDS.—
(A) PROGRAMS NO LONGER AUTHORIZED.—Except as
otherwise provided in this Act or the amendments made
by this Act, the recipient of a multiyear award under
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as in effect on the day before the
date of enactment of this Act, under a program that is
not authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended
by this Act, and—
(i) that is not substantively similar to a program
authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended
by this Act, shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms of such prior award, except that
no additional funds for such program may be awarded
after September 30, 2016; and
(ii) that is substantively similar to a program
authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended
by this Act, shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms of such prior award.
(B) AUTHORIZED PROGRAMS.—Except as otherwise provided in this Act, or the amendments made by this Act,
the recipient of a multiyear award under a program that
was authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as in effect
on the day before the date of enactment of this Act, and
that is authorized under such Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.),
as amended by this Act, shall continue to receive funds
in accordance with the terms of such prior award.
(2) PLANNING AND TRANSITION.—Notwithstanding any other
provision of law, a recipient of funds under a program described
in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) or (1)(B) may use funds awarded to
the recipient under such program, to carry out necessary and
reasonable planning and transition activities in order to ensure
the recipient’s compliance with the amendments to such program made by this Act.
(b) ORDERLY TRANSITION.—Subject to subsection (a)(1)(A)(i), the
Secretary shall take such steps as are necessary to provide for
the orderly transition to, and implementation of, programs authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

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20 USC 6301
note.

PUBL095

129 STAT. 1806

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(20 U.S.C. 6301 et. seq.), as amended by this Act, from programs
authorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as in effect on the day before
the date of enactment of this Act.
(c) TERMINATION OF CERTAIN WAIVERS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
this Act, and subject to section 5(e)(2), a waiver described
in paragraph (2) shall be null and void and have no legal
effect on or after August 1, 2016.
(2) WAIVERS.—A waiver shall be subject to paragraph (1)
if the waiver was granted by the Secretary of Education to
a State or consortium of local educational agencies under the
program first introduced in a letter to chief State school officers
dated September 23, 2011, and authorized under section 9401
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 7861), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act.

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20 USC 6301
note.

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SEC. 5. EFFECTIVE DATES.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise provided in this Act,
or an amendment made by this Act, this Act, and the amendments
made by this Act, shall be effective upon the date of enactment
of this Act.
(b) NONCOMPETITIVE PROGRAMS.—With respect to noncompetitive programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq) and the McKinney-Vento Homeless
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.) under which any funds
are allotted by the Secretary of Education to recipients on the
basis of a formula, the amendments made by this Act shall be
effective beginning on July 1, 2016, except as otherwise provided
in such amendments.
(c) COMPETITIVE PROGRAMS.—With respect to programs that
are conducted by the Secretary of Education on a competitive basis
(and are not programs described in subsection (b)) under the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301
et seq.), the amendments made by this Act with respect to appropriations for use under such programs shall be effective beginning
on October 1, 2016, except as otherwise provided in such amendments.
(d) IMPACT AID.—With respect to title VII of the Elementary
and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended by this Act,
the amendments made by this Act shall take effect with respect
to appropriations for use under such title beginning fiscal year
2017, except as otherwise provided in such amendments.
(e) TITLE I OF THE ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION
ACT OF 1965.—
(1) EFFECTIVE DATES FOR SECTION 1111 OF THE ELEMENTARY
AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT OF 1965.—Notwithstanding any
other provision of this Act, or the amendments made by this
Act, and subject to paragraph (2) of this subsection—
(A) section 1111(b)(2) of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)), as in effect
on the day before the date of enactment of this Act, shall
be effective through the close of August 1, 2016;
(B) subsections (c) and (d) of section 1111 of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1807

U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, shall take effect
beginning with school year 2017–2018; and
(C) section 1111(b)(2) of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)), as amended
by this Act, and any other provision of section 1111 of
such Act (20 U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, which
is not described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph,
shall take effect in a manner consistent with subsection
(a).
(2) SPECIAL RULE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision
of this Act (including subsection (b) and paragraph (1)),
any school or local educational agency described in subparagraph (B) shall continue to implement interventions
applicable to such school or local educational agency under
clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (B) until—
(i) the State plan for the State in which the school
or agency is located under section 1111 of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, is approved
under such section (20 U.S.C. 6311); or
(ii) subsections (c) and (d) of section 1111 of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, take effect in
accordance with paragraph (1)(B),
whichever occurs first.
(B) CERTAIN SCHOOLS AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—A school or local educational agency shall be subject
to the requirements of subparagraph (A), if such school
or local educational agency has been identified by the State
in which the school or local educational agency is located—
(i) as in need of improvement, corrective action,
or restructuring under part A of title I of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 6311 et seq.), as in effect on the day before
the date of enactment of this Act; or
(ii) as a priority or focus school under a waiver
granted by the Secretary of Education under section
9401 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7861), as in effect on the day before
the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 6. TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY
EDUCATION ACT OF 1965.

Section 2 is amended to read as follows:
‘‘Sec. 1. Short title.
‘‘Sec. 2. Table of contents.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

‘‘TITLE I—IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE
DISADVANTAGED
1001. Statement of purpose.
1002. Authorization of appropriations.
1003. School improvement.
1003A. Direct student services.
1004. State administration.

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‘‘PART A—IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED
‘‘SUBPART 1—BASIC
‘‘Sec. 1111. State plans.

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BY

LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

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129 STAT. 1808

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1112.
1113.
1114.
1115.
1116.
1117.
1118.
1119.

Local educational agency plans.
Eligible school attendance areas.
Schoolwide programs.
Targeted assistance schools.
Parent and family engagement.
Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Fiscal requirements.
Coordination requirements.

‘‘SUBPART 2—ALLOCATIONS
1121. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the Interior.
1122. Allocations to States.
1124. Basic grants to local educational agencies.
1124A. Concentration grants to local educational agencies.
1125. Targeted grants to local educational agencies.
1125AA. Adequacy of funding to local educational agencies in fiscal years
after fiscal year 2001.
‘‘Sec. 1125A. Education finance incentive grant program.
‘‘Sec. 1126. Special allocation procedures.
‘‘Sec. 1127. Carryover and waiver.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1201.
1202.
1203.
1204.

‘‘PART B—STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS
Grants for State assessments and related activities.
State option to conduct assessment system audit.
Allotment of appropriated funds.
Innovative assessment and accountability demonstration authority.

‘‘PART C—EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN
Program purposes.
Program authorized.
State allocations.
State applications; services.
Secretarial approval; peer review.
Comprehensive needs assessment and service-delivery plan; authorized
activities.
‘‘Sec. 1307. Bypass.
‘‘Sec. 1308. Coordination of migrant education activities.
‘‘Sec. 1309. Definitions.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1301.
1302.
1303.
1304.
1305.
1306.

‘‘PART D—PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN
WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK
‘‘Sec. 1401. Purpose and program authorization.
‘‘Sec. 1402. Payments for programs under this part.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1411.
1412.
1413.
1414.
1415.
1416.
1417.
1418.
1419.

AND

YOUTH

‘‘SUBPART 1—STATE AGENCY PROGRAMS
Eligibility.
Allocation of funds.
State reallocation of funds.
State plan and State agency applications.
Use of funds.
Institution-wide projects.
Three-year programs or projects.
Transition services.
Technical assistance.

‘‘SUBPART 2—LOCAL AGENCY PROGRAMS
Purpose.
Programs operated by local educational agencies.
Local educational agency applications.
Uses of funds.
Program requirements for correctional facilities receiving funds under
this section.
‘‘Sec. 1426. Accountability.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1421.
1422.
1423.
1424.
1425.

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‘‘SUBPART 3—GENERAL
‘‘Sec. 1431. Program evaluations.
‘‘Sec. 1432. Definitions.

PROVISIONS

‘‘PART E—FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING
‘‘Sec. 1501. Flexibility for equitable per-pupil funding.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

1601.
1602.
1603.
1604.
1605.

129 STAT. 1809

‘‘PART F—GENERAL PROVISIONS
Federal regulations.
Agreements and records.
State administration.
Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or control.
Rule of construction on equalized spending.

‘‘TITLE II—PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY
TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS
‘‘Sec. 2001. Purpose.
‘‘Sec. 2002. Definitions.
‘‘Sec. 2003. Authorization of appropriations.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

2101.
2102.
2103.
2104.

‘‘PART A—SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION
Formula grants to States.
Subgrants to local educational agencies.
Local uses of funds.
Reporting.
‘‘PART B—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

‘‘Sec. 2201. Reservations.
‘‘SUBPART 1—TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER INCENTIVE
‘‘Sec. 2211. Purposes; definitions.
‘‘Sec. 2212. Teacher and school leader incentive fund grants.
‘‘Sec. 2213. Reports.

PROGRAM

‘‘SUBPART 2—LITERACY EDUCATION FOR ALL, RESULTS FOR THE NATION
‘‘Sec. 2221. Purposes; definitions.
‘‘Sec. 2222. Comprehensive literacy State development grants.
‘‘Sec. 2223. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of birth through kindergarten
entry literacy.
‘‘Sec. 2224. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of kindergarten through grade
12 literacy.
‘‘Sec. 2225. National evaluation and information dissemination.
‘‘Sec. 2226. Innovative approaches to literacy.
‘‘SUBPART 3—AMERICAN HISTORY AND CIVICS EDUCATION
‘‘Sec. 2231. Program authorized.
‘‘Sec. 2232. Presidential and congressional academies for American history and
civics.
‘‘Sec. 2233. National activities.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

2241.
2242.
2243.
2244.
2245.

‘‘SUBPART 4—PROGRAMS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE
Funding allotment.
Supporting effective educator development.
School leader recruitment and support.
Technical assistance and national evaluation.
STEM master teacher corps.

‘‘PART C—GENERAL PROVISIONS
‘‘Sec. 2301. Supplement, not supplant.
‘‘Sec. 2302. Rules of construction.
‘‘TITLE III—LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND
IMMIGRANT STUDENTS
‘‘Sec. 3001. Authorization of appropriations.
‘‘PART A—ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT,
ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT ACT
‘‘Sec. 3101. Short title.
‘‘Sec. 3102. Purposes.

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‘‘SUBPART 1—GRANTS

AND

AND SUBGRANTS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND
LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT

‘‘Sec. 3111. Formula grants to States.
‘‘Sec. 3112. Native American and Alaska Native children in school.

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129 STAT. 1810

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

3113.
3114.
3115.
3116.

State and specially qualified agency plans.
Within-State allocations.
Subgrants to eligible entities.
Local plans.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

3121.
3122.
3123.
3124.
3125.
3126.
3127.
3128.

‘‘SUBPART 2—ACCOUNTABILITY AND ADMINISTRATION
Reporting.
Biennial reports.
Coordination with related programs.
Rules of construction.
Legal authority under State law.
Civil rights.
Programs for Native Americans and Puerto Rico.
Prohibition.

‘‘SUBPART 3—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
‘‘Sec. 3131. National professional development project.
‘‘PART B—GENERAL PROVISIONS
‘‘Sec. 3201. Definitions.
‘‘Sec. 3202. National clearinghouse.
‘‘Sec. 3203. Regulations.
‘‘TITLE IV—21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS
‘‘Sec. 4001. General provisions.
‘‘PART A—STUDENT SUPPORT
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

AND

ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS

‘‘SUBPART 1—STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS
4101. Purpose.
4102. Definitions.
4103. Formula grants to States.
4104. State use of funds.
4105. Allocations to local educational agencies.
4106. Local educational agency applications.
4107. Activities to support well-rounded educational opportunities.
4108. Activities to support safe and healthy students.
4109. Activities to support the effective use of technology.
4110. Supplement, not supplant.
4111. Rule of construction.
4112. Authorization of appropriations.
‘‘SUBPART 2—INTERNET

SAFETY

‘‘4121. Internet safety.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

4201.
4202.
4203.
4204.
4205.
4206.

‘‘PART B—21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS
Purpose; definitions.
Allotments to States.
State application.
Local competitive subgrant program.
Local activities.
Authorization of appropriations.

‘‘PART C—EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS
4301. Purpose.
4302. Program authorized.
4303. Grants to support high-quality charter schools.
4304. Facilities financing assistance.
4305. National activities.
4306. Federal formula allocation during first year and for successive enrollment expansions.
‘‘Sec. 4307. Solicitation of input from charter school operators.
‘‘Sec. 4308. Records transfer.
‘‘Sec. 4309. Paperwork reduction.
‘‘Sec. 4310. Definitions.
‘‘Sec. 4311. Authorization of appropriations.
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‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

‘‘PART D—MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE
‘‘Sec. 4401. Findings and purpose.
‘‘Sec. 4402. Definition.

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‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

4403.
4404.
4405.
4406.
4407.
4408.
4409.

Program authorized.
Eligibility.
Applications and requirements.
Priority.
Use of funds.
Limitations.
Authorization of appropriations; reservation.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

4501.
4502.
4503.
4504.
4505.
4506.

‘‘PART E—FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Purposes.
Grants authorized.
Applications.
Uses of funds.
Family engagement in Indian schools.
Authorization of appropriations.

129 STAT. 1811

‘‘PART F—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
‘‘Sec. 4601. Authorization of appropriations; reservations.
‘‘SUBPART 1—EDUCATION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH
‘‘Sec. 4611. Grants for education innovation and research.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

4621.
4622.
4623.
4624.
4625.

‘‘SUBPART 2—COMMUNITY SUPPORT
Purposes.
Definitions.
Program authorized.
Promise neighborhoods.
Full-service community schools.

‘‘SUBPART 3—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
‘‘Sec. 4631. National activities for school safety.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

4641.
4642.
4643.
4644.

FOR SCHOOL SUCCESS

FOR SCHOOL SAFETY

‘‘SUBPART 4—ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT
Awards for academic enrichment.
Assistance for arts education.
Ready to learn programming.
Supporting high-ability learners and learning.
‘‘TITLE V—FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

‘‘PART A—FUNDING TRANSFERABILITY FOR STATE
AGENCIES
‘‘Sec. 5101. Short title.
‘‘Sec. 5102. Purpose.
‘‘Sec. 5103. Transferability of funds.

AND

LOCAL EDUCATIONAL

‘‘PART B—RURAL EDUCATION INITIATIVE
‘‘Sec. 5201. Short title.
‘‘Sec. 5202. Purpose.
‘‘SUBPART 1—SMALL, RURAL
‘‘Sec. 5211. Use of applicable funding.
‘‘Sec. 5212. Grant program authorized.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

5221.
5222.
5223.
5224.
5225.

‘‘SUBPART 2—RURAL AND
Program authorized.
Use of funds.
Applications.
Report.
Choice of participation.

SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT PROGRAM

LOW-INCOME SCHOOL PROGRAM

‘‘PART C—GENERAL PROVISIONS
‘‘Sec. 5301. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or control.
‘‘Sec. 5302. Rule of construction on equalized spending.
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‘‘TITLE VI—INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION
‘‘PART A—INDIAN EDUCATION
‘‘Sec. 6101. Statement of policy.

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‘‘Sec. 6102. Purpose.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

‘‘SUBPART 1—FORMULA GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
6111. Purpose.
6112. Grants to local educational agencies and tribes.
6113. Amount of grants.
6114. Applications.
6115. Authorized services and activities.
6116. Integration of services authorized.
6117. Student eligibility forms.
6118. Payments.
6119. State educational agency review.
‘‘SUBPART 2—SPECIAL

AGENCIES

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL

OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN

‘‘Sec. 6121. Improvement of educational opportunities for Indian children and
youth.
‘‘Sec. 6122. Professional development for teachers and education professionals.
‘‘SUBPART 3—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
‘‘Sec. 6131. National research activities.
‘‘Sec. 6132. Grants to tribes for education administrative planning, development,
and coordination.
‘‘Sec. 6133. Native American and Alaska Native language immersion schools and
programs.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

6141.
6142.
6143.
6144.

‘‘SUBPART 4—FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION
National Advisory Council on Indian Education.
Peer review.
Preference for Indian applicants.
Minimum grant criteria.

‘‘SUBPART 5—DEFINITIONS; AUTHORIZATIONS
‘‘Sec. 6151. Definitions.
‘‘Sec. 6152. Authorizations of appropriations.

OF APPROPRIATIONS

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

6201.
6202.
6203.
6204.
6205.
6206.
6207.

‘‘PART B—NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION
Short title.
Findings.
Purposes.
Native Hawaiian Education Council.
Program authorized.
Administrative provisions.
Definitions.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

6301.
6302.
6303.
6304.
6305.
6306.

‘‘PART C—ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION
Short title.
Findings.
Purposes.
Program authorized.
Administrative provisions.
Definitions.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

7001.
7002.
7003.
7004.
7005.
7007.
7008.
7009.
7010.
7011.
7012.
7013.
7014.

‘‘TITLE VII—IMPACT AID
Purpose.
Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Policies and procedures relating to children residing on Indian lands.
Application for payments under sections 7002 and 7003.
Construction.
Facilities.
State consideration of payments in providing State aid.
Federal administration.
Administrative hearings and judicial review.
Forgiveness of overpayments.
Definitions.
Authorization of appropriations.

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‘‘TITLE VIII—GENERAL PROVISIONS
‘‘PART A—DEFINITIONS
‘‘Sec. 8101. Definitions.

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129 STAT. 1813

‘‘Sec. 8102. Applicability of title.
‘‘Sec. 8103. Applicability to Bureau of Indian Education operated schools.
‘‘PART B—FLEXIBILITY IN THE USE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER FUNDS
‘‘Sec. 8201. Consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary and secondary education programs.
‘‘Sec. 8202. Single local educational agency States.
‘‘Sec. 8203. Consolidation of funds for local administration.
‘‘Sec. 8204. Consolidated set-aside for Department of the Interior funds.
‘‘Sec. 8205. Department staff.
‘‘PART C—COORDINATION
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

8301.
8302.
8303.
8304.
8305.
8306.

OF

PROGRAMS; CONSOLIDATED STATE
AND APPLICATIONS

AND

LOCAL PLANS

Purposes.
Optional consolidated State plans or applications.
Consolidated reporting.
General applicability of State educational agency assurances.
Consolidated local plans or applications.
Other general assurances.

‘‘PART D—WAIVERS
‘‘Sec. 8401. Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.
‘‘PART E—APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PLANS AND LOCAL APPLICATIONS
‘‘Sec. 8451. Approval and disapproval of State plans.
‘‘Sec. 8452. Approval and disapproval of local educational agency applications.
‘‘PART F—UNIFORM PROVISIONS
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

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‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

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8501.
8502.
8503.
8504.
8505.
8506.

‘‘SUBPART 1—PRIVATE SCHOOLS
Participation by private school children and teachers.
Standards for by-pass.
Complaint process for participation of private school children.
By-pass determination process.
Prohibition against funds for religious worship or instruction.
Private, religious, and home schools.

‘‘SUBPART 2—OTHER PROVISIONS
8521. Maintenance of effort.
8522. Prohibition regarding State aid.
8523. Privacy of assessment results.
8524. School prayer.
8525. Equal access to public school facilities.
8526. Prohibited uses of funds
8526A. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or control.
8527. Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal funds.
8528. Armed Forces recruiter access to students and student recruiting information.
8529. Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
8530. Limitations on national testing or certification for teachers, principals,
or other school leaders.
8530A. Prohibition on requiring State participation.
8531. Prohibition on nationwide database.
8532. Unsafe school choice option.
8533. Prohibition on discrimination.
8534. Civil rights.
8535. Rulemaking.
8536. Severability.
8537. Transfer of school disciplinary records.
8538. Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
8539. Outreach and technical assistance for rural local educational agencies.
8540. Consultation with the Governor.
8541. Local governance.
8542. Rule of construction regarding travel to and from school.
8543. Limitations on school-based health centers.
8544. State control over standards.
8545. Sense of Congress on protecting student privacy.
8546. Prohibition on aiding and abetting sexual abuse.
8547. Sense of Congress on restoration of State sovereignty over public education.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

8548. Privacy.
8549. Analysis and periodic review of departmental guidance.
8549A. Sense of Congress.
8549B. Sense of Congress on early learning and child care.
8549C. Technical assistance.

‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

8551.
8552.
8553.
8554.
8555.
8556.
8557.
8558.

‘‘SUBPART 3—TEACHER LIABILITY PROTECTION
Short title.
Purpose.
Definitions.
Applicability.
Preemption and election of State nonapplicability.
Limitation on liability for teachers.
Allocation of responsibility for noneconomic loss.
Effective date.

‘‘SUBPART 4—GUN
‘‘Sec. 8561. Gun-free requirements.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.

8571.
8572.
8573.
8574.

POSSESSION

‘‘SUBPART 5—ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO
Short title.
Definitions.
Nonsmoking policy for children’s services.
Preemption.

SMOKE

‘‘PART G—EVALUATIONS
‘‘Sec. 8601. Evaluations.’’.

TITLE I—IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS
OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL
EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES
PART A—IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCIES
SEC. 1000. REDESIGNATIONS.

20 USC 6316,
6317, 6319.
20 USC 6318.
20 USC 6320.
20 USC 6321.
20 USC 6322.

Subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) is
amended—
(1) by striking sections 1116, 1117, and 1119;
(2) by redesignating section 1118 as section 1116;
(3) by redesignating section 1120 as section 1117;
(4) by redesignating section 1120A as section 1118; and
(5) by redesignating section 1120B as section 1119.
SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

‘‘The purpose of this title is to provide all children significant
opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education,
and to close educational achievement gaps.’’.
SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘(a) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY GRANTS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities described in
part A—

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129 STAT. 1815

‘‘(1) $15,012,317,605 for fiscal year 2017;
‘‘(2) $15,457,459,042 for fiscal year 2018;
‘‘(3) $15,897,371,442 for fiscal year 2019; and
‘‘(4) $16,182,344,591 for fiscal year 2020.
‘‘(b) STATE ASSESSMENTS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities described in part B, $378,000,000
for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
‘‘(c) EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities described in
part C, $374,751,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
‘‘(d) PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN
AND YOUTH WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK.—
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities
described in part D, $47,614,000 for each of fiscal years 2017
through 2020.
‘‘(e) FEDERAL ACTIVITIES.—For the purpose of carrying out
evaluation activities related to title I under section 8601, there
are authorized to be appropriated $710,000 for each of fiscal years
2017 through 2020.
‘‘(f) SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADJUSTMENTS TO
AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS PROVIDED IN THIS ACT FOR
FUTURE BUDGET AGREEMENTS.—It is the sense of Congress that
if legislation is enacted that revises the limits on discretionary
spending established under section 251(c) of the Balanced Budget
and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(c)), the
levels of appropriations authorized throughout this Act should be
adjusted in a manner that is consistent with the adjustments in
nonsecurity category funding provided for under the revised limits
on discretionary spending.’’.
SEC. 1003. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

Section 1003 (20 U.S.C. 6303) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1003. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

‘‘(a) STATE RESERVATIONS.—To carry out subsection (b) and
the State educational agency’s statewide system of technical assistance and support for local educational agencies, each State shall
reserve the greater of—
‘‘(1) 7 percent of the amount the State receives under
subpart 2 of part A; or
‘‘(2) the sum of the amount the State—
‘‘(A) reserved for fiscal year 2016 under this subsection,
as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of
the Every Student Succeeds Act; and
‘‘(B) received for fiscal year 2016 under subsection (g),
as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of
the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(b) USES.—Of the amount reserved under subsection (a) for
any fiscal year, the State educational agency—
‘‘(1)(A) shall allocate not less than 95 percent of that
amount to make grants to local educational agencies on a
formula or competitive basis, to serve schools implementing
comprehensive support and improvement activities or targeted
support and improvement activities under section 1111(d); or
‘‘(B) may, with the approval of the local educational agency,
directly provide for these activities or arrange for their provision
through other entities such as school support teams, educational
service agencies, or nonprofit or for-profit external providers

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129 STAT. 1816

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

with expertise in using evidence-based strategies to improve
student achievement, instruction, and schools; and
‘‘(2) shall use the funds not allocated to local educational
agencies under paragraph (1) to carry out this section, which
shall include—
‘‘(A) establishing the method, consistent with paragraph (1)(A), the State will use to allocate funds to local
educational agencies under such paragraph, including
ensuring—
‘‘(i) the local educational agencies receiving an
allotment under such paragraph represent the
geographic diversity of the State; and
‘‘(ii) that allotments are of sufficient size to enable
a local educational agency to effectively implement
selected strategies;
‘‘(B) monitoring and evaluating the use of funds by
local educational agencies receiving an allotment under
such paragraph; and
‘‘(C) as appropriate, reducing barriers and providing
operational flexibility for schools in the implementation
of comprehensive support and improvement activities or
targeted support and improvement activities under section
1111(d).
‘‘(c) DURATION.—The State educational agency shall award each
subgrant under subsection (b) for a period of not more than 4
years, which may include a planning year.
‘‘(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall
be construed as prohibiting a State from allocating subgrants under
this section to a statewide school district, consortium of local educational agencies, or an educational service agency that serves
schools implementing comprehensive support and improvement
activities or targeted support and improvement activities, if such
entities are legally constituted or recognized as local educational
agencies in the State.
‘‘(e) APPLICATION.—To receive an allotment under subsection
(b)(1), a local educational agency shall submit an application to
the State educational agency at such time, in such form, and
including such information as the State educational agency may
require. Each application shall include, at a minimum—
‘‘(1) a description of how the local educational agency will
carry out its responsibilities under section 1111(d) for schools
receiving funds under this section, including how the local
educational agency will—
‘‘(A) develop comprehensive support and improvement
plans under section 1111(d)(1) for schools receiving funds
under this section;
‘‘(B) support schools developing or implementing targeted support and improvement plans under section
1111(d)(2), if funds received under this section are used
for such purpose;
‘‘(C) monitor schools receiving funds under this section,
including how the local educational agency will carry out
its responsibilities under clauses (iv) and (v) of section
1111(d)(2)(B) if funds received under this section are used
to support schools implementing targeted support and
improvement plans;

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129 STAT. 1817

‘‘(D) use a rigorous review process to recruit, screen,
select, and evaluate any external partners with whom the
local educational agency will partner;
‘‘(E) align other Federal, State, and local resources
to carry out the activities supported with funds received
under subsection (b)(1); and
‘‘(F) as appropriate, modify practices and policies to
provide operational flexibility that enables full and effective
implementation of the plans described in paragraphs (1)
and (2) of section 1111(d); and
‘‘(2) an assurance that each school the local educational
agency proposes to serve will receive all of the State and
local funds it would have received in the absence of funds
received under this section.
‘‘(f) PRIORITY.—The State educational agency, in allocating
funds to local educational agencies under this section, shall give
priority to local educational agencies that—
‘‘(1) serve high numbers, or a high percentage of,
elementary schools and secondary schools implementing plans
under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1111(d);
‘‘(2) demonstrate the greatest need for such funds, as determined by the State; and
‘‘(3) demonstrate the strongest commitment to using funds
under this section to enable the lowest-performing schools to
improve student achievement and student outcomes.
‘‘(g) UNUSED FUNDS.—If, after consultation with local educational agencies in the State, the State educational agency determines that the amount of funds reserved to carry out subsection
(b) is greater than the amount needed to provide the assistance
described in that subsection, the State educational agency shall
allocate the excess amount to local educational agencies in accordance with—
‘‘(1) the relative allocations the State educational agency
made to those agencies for that fiscal year under subpart 2
of part A; or
‘‘(2) section 1126(c).
‘‘(h) SPECIAL RULE.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
this section, the amount of funds reserved by the State educational
agency under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2018 and each subsequent fiscal year shall not decrease the amount of funds each
local educational agency receives under subpart 2 of part A below
the amount received by such local educational agency under such
subpart for the preceding fiscal year.
‘‘(i) REPORTING.—The State shall include in the report described
in section 1111(h)(1) a list of all the local educational agencies
and schools that received funds under this section, including the
amount of funds each school received and the types of strategies
implemented in each school with such funds.’’.
SEC. 1004. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 1003
(20 U.S.C. 6303) the following:
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‘‘SEC. 1003A. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

20 USC 6303b.

‘‘(a) STATE RESERVATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—

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129 STAT. 1818

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(A) STATES.—Each State educational agency, after
meaningful consultation with geographically diverse local
educational agencies described in subparagraph (B), may
reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount the State
educational agency receives under subpart 2 of part A
for each fiscal year to carry out this section.
‘‘(B) CONSULTATION.—A State educational agency shall
consult under subparagraph (A) with local educational
agencies that include—
‘‘(i) suburban, rural, and urban local educational
agencies;
‘‘(ii) local educational agencies serving a high
percentage of schools identified by the State for comprehensive support and improvement under section
1111(c)(4)(D)(i); and
‘‘(iii) local educational agencies serving a high
percentage of schools implementing targeted support
and improvement plans under section 1111(d)(2).
‘‘(2) PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION.—Of the funds reserved
under paragraph (1)(A), the State educational agency may use
not more than 1 percent to administer the program described
in this section.
‘‘(b) AWARDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved under subsection (a) by a State educational agency, the State educational
agency shall award grants to geographically diverse local educational agencies described in subsection (a)(1)(B)(i).
‘‘(2) PRIORITY.—In making such awards, the State educational agency shall prioritize awards to local educational
agencies serving the highest percentage of schools, as compared
to other local educational agencies in the State—
‘‘(A) identified by the State for comprehensive support
and improvement under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i); or
‘‘(B) implementing targeted support and improvement
plans under section 1111(d)(2).
‘‘(c) LOCAL USE OF FUNDS.—A local educational agency receiving
an award under this section—
‘‘(1) may use not more than 1 percent of its award for
outreach and communication to parents about available direct
student services described in paragraph (3) in the local educational agency and State;
‘‘(2) may use not more than 2 percent of its award for
administrative costs related to such direct student services;
‘‘(3) shall use the remainder of the award to pay the costs
associated with one or more of the following direct student
services—
‘‘(A) enrollment and participation in academic courses
not otherwise available at a student’s school, including—
‘‘(i) advanced courses; and
‘‘(ii) career and technical education coursework
that—
‘‘(I) is aligned with the challenging State academic standards; and
‘‘(II) leads to industry-recognized credentials
that meet the quality criteria established by the
State under section 123(a) of the Workforce
Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102);

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1819

‘‘(B) credit recovery and academic acceleration courses
that lead to a regular high school diploma;
‘‘(C) activities that assist students in successfully completing postsecondary level instruction and examinations
that are accepted for credit at institutions of higher education (including Advanced Placement and International
Baccalaureate courses), which may include reimbursing
low-income students to cover part or all of the costs of
fees for such examinations;
‘‘(D) components of a personalized learning approach,
which may include high-quality academic tutoring; and
‘‘(E) in the case of a local educational agency that
does not reserve funds under section 1111(d)(1)(D)(v),
transportation to allow a student enrolled in a school identified for comprehensive support and improvement under
section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i) to transfer to another public school
(which may include a charter school) that has not been
identified by the State under such section; and
‘‘(4) in paying the costs associated with the direct student
services described in paragraph (3), shall—
‘‘(A) first, pay such costs for students who are enrolled
in schools identified by the State for comprehensive support
and improvement under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
‘‘(B) second, pay such costs for low-achieving students
who are enrolled in schools implementing targeted support
and improvement plans under section 1111(d)(2); and
‘‘(C) with any remaining funds, pay such costs for
other low-achieving students served by the local educational agency.
‘‘(d) APPLICATION.—A local educational agency desiring to
receive an award under subsection (b) shall submit an application
to the State educational agency at such time and in such manner
as the State educational agency shall require. At a minimum,
each application shall describe how the local educational agency
will—
‘‘(1) provide adequate outreach to ensure parents can exercise a meaningful choice of direct student services for their
child’s education;
‘‘(2) ensure parents have adequate time and information
to make a meaningful choice prior to enrolling their child
in a direct student service;
‘‘(3) in the case of a local educational agency offering public
school choice under this section, ensure sufficient availability
of seats in the public schools the local educational agency
will make available for public school choice options;
‘‘(4) prioritize services to students who are lowest-achieving;
‘‘(5) select providers of direct student services, which may
include one or more of—
‘‘(A) the local educational agency or other local educational agencies;
‘‘(B) community colleges or other institutions of higher
education;
‘‘(C) non-public entities;
‘‘(D) community-based organizations; or
‘‘(E) in the case of high-quality academic tutoring, a
variety of providers of such tutoring that are selected and

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approved by the State and appear on the State’s list of
such providers required under subsection (e)(2);
‘‘(6) monitor the provision of direct student services; and
‘‘(7) publicly report the results of direct student service
providers in improving relevant student outcomes in a manner
that is accessible to parents.
‘‘(e) PROVIDERS AND SCHOOLS.—A State educational agency that
reserves an amount under subsection (a) shall—
‘‘(1) ensure that each local educational agency that receives
an award under this section and intends to provide public
school choice under subsection (c)(3)(E) can provide a sufficient
number of options to provide a meaningful choice for parents;
‘‘(2) compile and maintain an updated list of State-approved
high-quality academic tutoring providers that—
‘‘(A) is developed using a fair negotiation and rigorous
selection and approval process;
‘‘(B) provides parents with meaningful choices;
‘‘(C) offers a range of tutoring models, including online
and on campus; and
‘‘(D) includes only providers that—
‘‘(i) have a demonstrated record of success in
increasing students’ academic achievement;
‘‘(ii) comply with all applicable Federal, State, and
local health, safety, and civil rights laws; and
‘‘(iii) provide instruction and content that is secular, neutral, and non-ideological;
‘‘(3) ensure that each local educational agency receiving
an award is able to provide an adequate number of highquality academic tutoring options to ensure parents have a
meaningful choice of services;
‘‘(4) develop and implement procedures for monitoring the
quality of services provided by direct student service providers;
and
‘‘(5) establish and implement clear criteria describing the
course of action for direct student service providers that are
not successful in improving student academic outcomes, which,
for a high-quality academic tutoring provider, may include a
process to remove State approval under paragraph (2).’’.
SEC. 1005. STATE PLANS.

Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS.

‘‘(a) FILING FOR GRANTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For any State desiring to receive a grant
under this part, the State educational agency shall file with
the Secretary a plan that is—
‘‘(A) developed by the State educational agency with
timely and meaningful consultation with the Governor,
members of the State legislature and State board of education (if the State has a State board of education), local
educational agencies (including those located in rural
areas), representatives of Indian tribes located in the State,
teachers, principals, other school leaders, charter school
leaders (if the State has charter schools), specialized
instructional
support
personnel,
paraprofessionals,
administrators, other staff, and parents; and

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129 STAT. 1821

‘‘(B) is coordinated with other programs under this
Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (20
U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.), the
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101
et seq.), the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.), the
Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990
(42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.), the Education Sciences Reform
Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9501 et seq.), the Education Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9601 et. seq.),
the National Assessment of Educational Progress
Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9621 et seq.), the McKinneyVento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.),
and the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (29
U.S.C. 3271 et seq.).
‘‘(2) LIMITATION.—Consultation required under paragraph
(1)(A) shall not interfere with the timely submission of the
plan required under this section.
‘‘(3) CONSOLIDATED PLAN.—A State plan submitted under
paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated
plan under section 8302.
‘‘(4) PEER REVIEW AND SECRETARIAL APPROVAL.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall—
‘‘(i) establish a peer-review process to assist in
the review of State plans;
‘‘(ii) establish multidisciplinary peer-review teams
and appoint members of such teams—
‘‘(I) who are representative of—
‘‘(aa) parents, teachers, principals, other
school leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, State educational agencies,
local educational agencies, and the community
(including the business community); and
‘‘(bb) researchers who are familiar with—
‘‘(AA) the implementation of academic
standards, assessments, or accountability
systems; and
‘‘(BB) how to meet the needs of disadvantaged students, children with
disabilities, and English learners, the
needs of low-performing schools, and other
educational needs of students;
‘‘(II) that include, to the extent practicable,
majority representation of individuals who, in the
most recent 2 years, have had practical experience
in the classroom, school administration, or State
or local government (such as direct employees of
a school, local educational agency, or State educational agency); and
‘‘(III) who represent a regionally diverse crosssection of States;
‘‘(iii) make available to the public, including by
such means as posting to the Department’s website,
the list of peer reviewers who have reviewed State
plans under this section;

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129 STAT. 1822

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(iv) ensure that the peer-review teams consist
of varied individuals so that the same peer reviewers
are not reviewing all of the State plans;
‘‘(v) approve a State plan not later than 120 days
after its submission, unless the Secretary meets the
requirements of clause (vi);
‘‘(vi) have the authority to disapprove a State plan
only if—
‘‘(I) the Secretary—
‘‘(aa) determines how the State plan fails
to meet the requirements of this section;
‘‘(bb) immediately provides to the State,
in writing, notice of such determination, and
the supporting information and rationale to
substantiate such determination;
‘‘(cc) offers the State an opportunity to
revise and resubmit its State plan, and provides the State—
‘‘(AA) technical assistance to assist
the State in meeting the requirements of
this section;
‘‘(BB) in writing, all peer-review comments, suggestions, recommendations, or
concerns relating to its State plan; and
‘‘(CC) a hearing, unless the State
declines the opportunity for such hearing;
and
‘‘(II) the State—
‘‘(aa) does not revise and resubmit its
State plan; or
‘‘(bb) in a case in which a State revises
and resubmits its State plan after a hearing
is conducted under subclause (I)(cc)(CC), or
after the State has declined the opportunity
for such a hearing, the Secretary determines
that such revised State plan does not meet
the requirements of this section.
‘‘(B) PURPOSE OF PEER REVIEW.—The peer-review
process shall be designed to—
‘‘(i) maximize collaboration with each State;
‘‘(ii) promote effective implementation of the challenging State academic standards through State and
local innovation; and
‘‘(iii) provide transparent, timely, and objective
feedback to States designed to strengthen the technical
and overall quality of the State plans.
‘‘(C) STANDARD AND NATURE OF REVIEW.—Peer
reviewers shall conduct an objective review of State plans
in their totality and out of respect for State and local
judgments, with the goal of supporting State- and localled innovation and providing objective feedback on the
technical and overall quality of a State plan.
‘‘(D) PROHIBITION.—Neither the Secretary nor the political appointees of the Department, may attempt to participate in, or influence, the peer-review process.
‘‘(5) PUBLIC REVIEW.—All written communications, feedback, and notifications under this subsection shall be conducted

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1823

in a manner that is transparent and immediately made available to the public on the Department’s website, including—
‘‘(A) plans submitted or resubmitted by a State;
‘‘(B) peer-review guidance, notes, and comments and
the names of the peer reviewers (once the peer reviewers
have completed their work);
‘‘(C) State plan determinations by the Secretary,
including approvals or disapprovals; and
‘‘(D) notices and transcripts of hearings under this
section.
‘‘(6) DURATION OF THE PLAN.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State plan shall—
‘‘(i) remain in effect for the duration of the State’s
participation under this part; and
‘‘(ii) be periodically reviewed and revised as necessary by the State educational agency to reflect
changes in the State’s strategies and programs under
this part.
‘‘(B) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—If a State makes significant
changes to its plan at any time, such as the adoption
of new challenging State academic standards or new
academic assessments under subsection (b), or changes
to its accountability system under subsection (c), such
information shall be submitted to the Secretary in
the form of revisions or amendments to the State plan.
‘‘(ii) REVIEW OF REVISED PLANS.—The Secretary
shall review the information submitted under clause
(i) and approve changes to the State plan, or disapprove
such changes in accordance with paragraph (4)(A)(vi),
within 90 days, without undertaking the peer-review
process under such paragraph.
‘‘(iii) SPECIAL RULE FOR STANDARDS.—If a State
makes changes to its challenging State academic standards, the requirements of subsection (b)(1), including
the requirement that such standards need not be submitted to the Secretary pursuant to subsection
(b)(1)(A), shall still apply.
‘‘(7) FAILURE TO MEET REQUIREMENTS.—If a State fails to
meet any of the requirements of this section, the Secretary
may withhold funds for State administration under this part
until the Secretary determines that the State has fulfilled those
requirements.
‘‘(8) PUBLIC COMMENT.—Each State shall make the State
plan publicly available for public comment for a period of not
less than 30 days, by electronic means and in an easily accessible format, prior to submission to the Secretary for approval
under this subsection. The State, in the plan it files under
this subsection, shall provide an assurance that public comments were taken into account in the development of the State
plan.
‘‘(b) CHALLENGING ACADEMIC STANDARDS AND ACADEMIC
ASSESSMENTS.—
‘‘(1) CHALLENGING STATE ACADEMIC STANDARDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State, in the plan it files under
subsection (a), shall provide an assurance that the State
has adopted challenging academic content standards and

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129 STAT. 1824

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
aligned academic achievement standards (referred to in
this Act as ‘challenging State academic standards’), which
achievement standards shall include not less than 3 levels
of achievement, that will be used by the State, its local
educational agencies, and its schools to carry out this part.
A State shall not be required to submit such challenging
State academic standards to the Secretary.
‘‘(B) SAME STANDARDS.—Except as provided in subparagraph (E), the standards required by subparagraph (A)
shall—
‘‘(i) apply to all public schools and public school
students in the State; and
‘‘(ii) with respect to academic achievement standards, include the same knowledge, skills, and levels
of achievement expected of all public school students
in the State.
‘‘(C) SUBJECTS.—The State shall have such academic
standards for mathematics, reading or language arts, and
science, and may have such standards for any other subject
determined by the State.
‘‘(D) ALIGNMENT.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Each State shall demonstrate
that the challenging State academic standards are
aligned with entrance requirements for credit-bearing
coursework in the system of public higher education
in the State and relevant State career and technical
education standards.
‘‘(ii) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this Act
shall be construed to authorize public institutions of
higher education to determine the specific challenging
State academic standards required under this paragraph.
‘‘(E) ALTERNATE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT STANDARDS

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FOR STUDENTS WITH THE MOST SIGNIFICANT COGNITIVE
DISABILITIES.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—The State may, through a docu-

mented and validated standards-setting process, adopt
alternate academic achievement standards for students
with the most significant cognitive disabilities, provided those standards—
‘‘(I) are aligned with the challenging State academic content standards under subparagraph (A);
‘‘(II) promote access to the general education
curriculum, consistent with the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
‘‘(III) reflect professional judgment as to the
highest possible standards achievable by such students;
‘‘(IV) are designated in the individualized education program developed under section 614(d)(3)
of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
(20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(3)) for each such student as
the academic achievement standards that will be
used for the student; and
‘‘(V) are aligned to ensure that a student who
meets the alternate academic achievement standards is on track to pursue postsecondary education

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1825

or employment, consistent with the purposes of
Public Law 93–112, as in effect on July 22, 2014.
‘‘(ii) PROHIBITION ON ANY OTHER ALTERNATE OR
MODIFIED ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT STANDARDS.—A
State shall not develop, or implement for use under
this part, any alternate academic achievement standards for children with disabilities that are not alternate
academic achievement standards that meet the
requirements of clause (i).
‘‘(F) ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY STANDARDS.—
Each State plan shall demonstrate that the State has
adopted English language proficiency standards that—
‘‘(i) are derived from the 4 recognized domains
of speaking, listening, reading, and writing;
‘‘(ii) address the different proficiency levels of
English learners; and
‘‘(iii) are aligned with the challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(G) PROHIBITIONS.—
‘‘(i) STANDARDS REVIEW OR APPROVAL.—A State
shall not be required to submit any standards developed under this subsection to the Secretary for review
or approval.
‘‘(ii) FEDERAL CONTROL.—The Secretary shall not
have the authority to mandate, direct, control, coerce,
or exercise any direction or supervision over any of
the challenging State academic standards adopted or
implemented by a State.
‘‘(H) EXISTING STANDARDS.—Nothing in this part shall
prohibit a State from revising, consistent with this section,
any standards adopted under this part before or after the
date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(2) ACADEMIC ASSESSMENTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State plan shall demonstrate
that the State educational agency, in consultation with
local educational agencies, has implemented a set of highquality student academic assessments in mathematics,
reading or language arts, and science. The State retains
the right to implement such assessments in any other
subject chosen by the State.
‘‘(B) REQUIREMENTS.—The assessments under subparagraph (A) shall—
‘‘(i) except as provided in subparagraph (D), be—
‘‘(I) the same academic assessments used to
measure the achievement of all public elementary
school and secondary school students in the State;
and
‘‘(II) administered to all public elementary
school and secondary school students in the State;
‘‘(ii) be aligned with the challenging State academic
standards, and provide coherent and timely information about student attainment of such standards and
whether the student is performing at the student’s
grade level;
‘‘(iii) be used for purposes for which such assessments are valid and reliable, consistent with relevant,
nationally recognized professional and technical testing

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129 STAT. 1826

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
standards, objectively measure academic achievement,
knowledge, and skills, and be tests that do not evaluate
or assess personal or family beliefs and attitudes, or
publicly disclose personally identifiable information;
‘‘(iv) be of adequate technical quality for each purpose required under this Act and consistent with the
requirements of this section, the evidence of which
shall be made public, including on the website of the
State educational agency;
‘‘(v)(I) in the case of mathematics and reading
or language arts, be administered—
‘‘(aa) in each of grades 3 through 8; and
‘‘(bb) at least once in grades 9 through 12;
‘‘(II) in the case of science, be administered not
less than one time during—
‘‘(aa) grades 3 through 5;
‘‘(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
‘‘(cc) grades 10 through 12; and
‘‘(III) in the case of any other subject chosen by
the State, be administered at the discretion of the
State;
‘‘(vi) involve multiple up-to-date measures of student academic achievement, including measures that
assess higher-order thinking skills and understanding,
which may include measures of student academic
growth and may be partially delivered in the form
of portfolios, projects, or extended performance tasks;
‘‘(vii) provide for—
‘‘(I) the participation in such assessments of
all students;
‘‘(II) the appropriate accommodations, such as
interoperability with, and ability to use, assistive
technology, for children with disabilities (as
defined in section 602(3) of the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401(3))),
including students with the most significant cognitive disabilities, and students with a disability
who are provided accommodations under an Act
other than the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), necessary to
measure the academic achievement of such children relative to the challenging State academic
standards or alternate academic achievement
standards described in paragraph (1)(E); and
‘‘(III) the inclusion of English learners, who
shall be assessed in a valid and reliable manner
and provided appropriate accommodations on
assessments administered to such students under
this paragraph, including, to the extent practicable, assessments in the language and form
most likely to yield accurate data on what such
students know and can do in academic content
areas, until such students have achieved English
language proficiency, as determined under
subparagraph (G);
‘‘(viii) at the State’s discretion—

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129 STAT. 1827

‘‘(I) be administered through a single
summative assessment; or
‘‘(II) be administered through multiple statewide interim assessments during the course of the
academic year that result in a single summative
score that provides valid, reliable, and transparent
information on student achievement or growth;
‘‘(ix) notwithstanding clause (vii)(III), provide for
assessments (using tests in English) of reading or language arts of any student who has attended school
in the United States (not including the Commonwealth
of Puerto Rico) for 3 or more consecutive school years,
except that if the local educational agency determines,
on a case-by-case individual basis, that academic
assessments in another language or form would likely
yield more accurate and reliable information on what
such student knows and can do, the local educational
agency may make a determination to assess such student in the appropriate language other than English
for a period that does not exceed 2 additional consecutive years, provided that such student has not yet
reached a level of English language proficiency sufficient to yield valid and reliable information on what
such student knows and can do on tests (written in
English) of reading or language arts;
‘‘(x) produce individual student interpretive,
descriptive, and diagnostic reports, consistent with
clause (iii), regarding achievement on such assessments
that allow parents, teachers, principals, and other
school leaders to understand and address the specific
academic needs of students, and that are provided
to parents, teachers, and school leaders, as soon as
is practicable after the assessment is given, in an
understandable and uniform format, and to the extent
practicable, in a language that parents can understand;
‘‘(xi) enable results to be disaggregated within each
State, local educational agency, and school by—
‘‘(I) each major racial and ethnic group;
‘‘(II) economically disadvantaged students as
compared to students who are not economically
disadvantaged;
‘‘(III) children with disabilities as compared
to children without disabilities;
‘‘(IV) English proficiency status;
‘‘(V) gender; and
‘‘(VI) migrant status,
except that such disaggregation shall not be required
in the case of a State, local educational agency, or
a school in which the number of students in a subgroup
is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information
or the results would reveal personally identifiable
information about an individual student;
‘‘(xii) enable itemized score analyses to be produced
and reported, consistent with clause (iii), to local educational agencies and schools, so that parents, teachers,
principals, other school leaders, and administrators can
interpret and address the specific academic needs of

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129 STAT. 1828

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
students as indicated by the students’ achievement
on assessment items; and
‘‘(xiii) be developed, to the extent practicable, using
the principles of universal design for learning.
‘‘(C) EXCEPTION FOR ADVANCED MATHEMATICS IN
MIDDLE SCHOOL.—A State may exempt any 8th grade student from the assessment in mathematics described in
subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(aa) if—
‘‘(i) such student takes the end-of-course assessment the State typically administers to meet the
requirements of subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(bb) in mathematics;
‘‘(ii) such student’s achievement on such end-ofcourse assessment is used for purposes of subsection
(c)(4)(B)(i), in lieu of such student’s achievement on
the mathematics assessment required under subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(aa), and such student is counted as
participating in the assessment for purposes of subsection (c)(4)(B)(vi); and
‘‘(iii) in high school, such student takes a mathematics assessment pursuant to subparagraph
(B)(v)(I)(bb) that—
‘‘(I) is any end-of-course assessment or other
assessment that is more advanced than the assessment taken by such student under clause (i) of
this subparagraph; and
‘‘(II) shall be used to measure such student’s
academic achievement for purposes of subsection
(c)(4)(B)(i).
‘‘(D) ALTERNATE ASSESSMENTS FOR STUDENTS WITH THE
MOST SIGNIFICANT COGNITIVE DISABILITIES.—
‘‘(i) ALTERNATE ASSESSMENTS ALIGNED WITH ALTERNATE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT STANDARDS.—A State
may provide for alternate assessments aligned with
the challenging State academic standards and alternate academic achievement standards described in
paragraph (1)(E) for students with the most significant
cognitive disabilities, if the State—
‘‘(I) consistent with clause (ii), ensures that,
for each subject, the total number of students
assessed in such subject using the alternate assessments does not exceed 1 percent of the total
number of all students in the State who are
assessed in such subject;
‘‘(II) ensures that the parents of such students
are clearly informed, as part of the process for
developing the individualized education program
(as defined in section 614(d)(1)(A) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C.
1414(d)(1)(A)))—
‘‘(aa) that their child’s academic achievement will be measured based on such alternate
standards; and
‘‘(bb) how participation in such assessments may delay or otherwise affect the student from completing the requirements for a
regular high school diploma;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1829

‘‘(III) promotes, consistent with the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400
et seq.), the involvement and progress of students
with the most significant cognitive disabilities in
the general education curriculum;
‘‘(IV) describes in the State plan the steps
the State has taken to incorporate universal design
for learning, to the extent feasible, in alternate
assessments;
‘‘(V) describes in the State plan that general
and special education teachers, and other appropriate staff—
‘‘(aa) know how to administer the alternate assessments; and
‘‘(bb) make appropriate use of accommodations for students with disabilities on all
assessments required under this paragraph;
‘‘(VI) develops, disseminates information on,
and promotes the use of appropriate accommodations to increase the number of students with
significant cognitive disabilities—
‘‘(aa) participating in academic instruction
and assessments for the grade level in which
the student is enrolled; and
‘‘(bb) who are tested based on challenging
State academic standards for the grade level
in which the student is enrolled; and
‘‘(VII) does not preclude a student with the
most significant cognitive disabilities who takes
an alternate assessment based on alternate academic achievement standards from attempting to
complete the requirements for a regular high
school diploma.
‘‘(ii) SPECIAL RULES.—
‘‘(I) RESPONSIBILITY UNDER IDEA.—Subject to
the authority and requirements for the individualized education program team for a child with a
disability under section 614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb) of
the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb)), such team, consistent with the guidelines established by the State
and required under section 612(a)(16)(C) of such
Act (20 U.S.C. 1412(c)(16)(C)) and clause (i)(II)
of this subparagraph, shall determine when a child
with a significant cognitive disability shall participate in an alternate assessment aligned with the
alternate academic achievement standards.
‘‘(II) PROHIBITION ON LOCAL CAP.—Nothing in
this subparagraph shall be construed to permit
the Secretary or a State educational agency to
impose on any local educational agency a cap on
the percentage of students administered an alternate assessment under this subparagraph, except
that a local educational agency exceeding the cap
applied to the State under clause (i)(I) shall submit
information to the State educational agency justifying the need to exceed such cap.

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129 STAT. 1830

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(III) STATE SUPPORT.—A State shall provide
appropriate oversight, as determined by the State,
of any local educational agency that is required
to submit information to the State under subclause
(II).
‘‘(IV) WAIVER AUTHORITY.—This subparagraph
shall be subject to the waiver authority under
section 8401.
‘‘(E) STATE AUTHORITY.—If a State educational agency
provides evidence, which is satisfactory to the Secretary,
that neither the State educational agency nor any other
State government official, agency, or entity has sufficient
authority, under State law, to adopt challenging State academic standards, and academic assessments aligned with
such standards, which will be applicable to all students
enrolled in the State’s public elementary schools and secondary schools, then the State educational agency may
meet the requirements of this subsection by—
‘‘(i) adopting academic standards and academic
assessments that meet the requirements of this subsection, on a statewide basis, and limiting their
applicability to students served under this part; or
‘‘(ii) adopting and implementing policies that
ensure that each local educational agency in the State
that receives grants under this part will adopt academic content and student academic achievement
standards, and academic assessments aligned with
such standards, which—
‘‘(I) meet all of the criteria in this subsection
and any regulations regarding such standards and
assessments that the Secretary may publish; and
‘‘(II) are applicable to all students served by
each such local educational agency.
‘‘(F) LANGUAGE ASSESSMENTS.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Each State plan shall identify
the languages other than English that are present
to a significant extent in the participating student
population of the State and indicate the languages
for which annual student academic assessments are
not available and are needed.
‘‘(ii) SECRETARIAL ASSISTANCE.—The State shall
make every effort to develop such assessments and
may request assistance from the Secretary if linguistically accessible academic assessment measures are
needed. Upon request, the Secretary shall assist with
the identification of appropriate academic assessment
measures in the needed languages, but shall not mandate a specific academic assessment or mode of instruction.
‘‘(G) ASSESSMENTS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Each State plan shall demonstrate that local educational agencies in the State
will provide for an annual assessment of English proficiency of all English learners in the schools served
by the State educational agency.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1831

‘‘(ii) ALIGNMENT.—The assessments described in
clause (i) shall be aligned with the State’s English
language proficiency standards described in paragraph
(1)(F).
‘‘(H) LOCALLY-SELECTED ASSESSMENT.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Nothing in this paragraph shall
be construed to prohibit a local educational agency
from administering a locally-selected assessment in
lieu of the State-designed academic assessment under
subclause (I)(bb) and subclause (II)(cc) of subparagraph
(B)(v), if the local educational agency selects a nationally-recognized high school academic assessment that
has been approved for use by the State as described
in clause (iii) or (iv) of this subparagraph.
‘‘(ii) STATE TECHNICAL CRITERIA.—To allow for
State approval of nationally-recognized high school academic assessments that are available for local selection
under clause (i), a State educational agency shall establish technical criteria to determine if any such assessment meets the requirements of clause (v).
‘‘(iii) STATE APPROVAL.—If a State educational
agency chooses to make a nationally-recognized high
school assessment available for selection by a local
educational agency under clause (i), which has not
already been approved under this clause, such State
educational agency shall—
‘‘(I) conduct a review of the assessment to
determine if such assessment meets or exceeds
the technical criteria established by the State educational agency under clause (ii);
‘‘(II) submit evidence in accordance with subsection (a)(4) that demonstrates such assessment
meets the requirements of clause (v); and
‘‘(III) after fulfilling the requirements of subclauses (I) and (II), approve such assessment for
selection and use by any local educational agency
that requests to use such assessment under clause
(i).
‘‘(iv) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY OPTION.—
‘‘(I) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—If a local
educational agency chooses to submit a nationallyrecognized high school academic assessment to the
State educational agency, subject to the approval
process described in subclause (I) and subclause
(II) of clause (iii) to determine if such assessment
fulfills the requirements of clause (v), the State
educational agency may approve the use of such
assessment consistent with clause (i).
‘‘(II) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—Upon such
approval, the State educational agency shall
approve the use of such assessment in any other
local educational agency in the State that subsequently requests to use such assessment without
repeating the process described in subclauses (I)
and (II) of clause (iii).

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129 STAT. 1832

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(v) REQUIREMENTS.—To receive approval from the
State educational agency under clause (iii), a locallyselected assessment shall—
‘‘(I) be aligned to the State’s academic content
standards under paragraph (1), address the depth
and breadth of such standards, and be equivalent
in its content coverage, difficulty, and quality to
the State-designed assessments under this paragraph (and may be more rigorous in its content
coverage and difficulty than such State-designed
assessments);
‘‘(II) provide comparable, valid, and reliable
data on academic achievement, as compared to
the State-designed assessments, for all students
and for each subgroup of students defined in subsection (c)(2), with results expressed in terms consistent with the State’s academic achievement
standards under paragraph (1), among all local
educational agencies within the State;
‘‘(III) meet the requirements for the assessments under subparagraph (B) of this paragraph,
including technical criteria, except the requirement
under clause (i) of such subparagraph; and
‘‘(IV) provide unbiased, rational, and consistent differentiation between schools within the
State to meet the requirements of subsection (c).
‘‘(vi) PARENTAL NOTIFICATION.—A local educational
agency shall notify the parents of high school students
served by the local educational agency—
‘‘(I) of its request to the State educational
agency for approval to administer a locally-selected
assessment; and
‘‘(II) upon approval, and at the beginning of
each subsequent school year during which the
locally selected assessment will be administered,
that the local educational agency will be administering a different assessment than the Statedesigned assessments under subclause (I)(bb) and
subclause (II)(cc) of subparagraph (B)(v).
‘‘(I) DEFERRAL.—A State may defer the commencement,
or suspend the administration, but not cease the development, of the assessments described in this paragraph, for
1 year for each year for which the amount appropriated
for grants under part B is less than $369,100,000.
‘‘(J) ADAPTIVE ASSESSMENTS.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Subject to clause (ii), a State
retains the right to develop and administer computer
adaptive assessments as the assessments described in
this paragraph, provided the computer adaptive assessments meet the requirements of this paragraph, except
that—
‘‘(I) subparagraph (B)(i) shall not be interpreted to require that all students taking the computer adaptive assessment be administered the
same assessment items; and
‘‘(II) such assessment—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1833

‘‘(aa) shall measure, at a minimum, each
student’s academic proficiency based on the
challenging State academic standards for the
student’s grade level and growth toward such
standards; and
‘‘(bb) may measure the student’s level of
academic proficiency and growth using items
above or below the student’s grade level,
including for use as part of a State’s accountability system under subsection (c).
‘‘(ii) STUDENTS WITH THE MOST SIGNIFICANT COGNITIVE DISABILITIES AND ENGLISH LEARNERS.—In developing and administering computer adaptive assessments—
‘‘(I) as the assessments allowed under subparagraph (D), a State shall ensure that such computer
adaptive assessments—
‘‘(aa) meet the requirements of this paragraph, including subparagraph (D), except
such assessments shall not be required to meet
the requirements of clause (i)(II); and
‘‘(bb) assess the student’s academic
achievement to measure, in the subject being
assessed, whether the student is performing
at the student’s grade level; and
‘‘(II) as the assessments required under
subparagraph (G), a State shall ensure that such
computer adaptive assessments—
‘‘(aa) meet the requirements of this paragraph, including subparagraph (G), except
such assessment shall not be required to meet
the requirements of clause (i)(II); and
‘‘(bb) assess the student’s language proficiency, which may include growth towards
such proficiency, in order to measure the student’s acquisition of English.
‘‘(K) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION ON PARENT RIGHTS.—
Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as preempting
a State or local law regarding the decision of a parent
to not have the parent’s child participate in the academic
assessments under this paragraph.
‘‘(L) LIMITATION ON ASSESSMENT TIME.—Subject to Federal or State requirements related to assessments, evaluations, and accommodations, each State may, at the sole
discretion of such State, set a target limit on the aggregate
amount of time devoted to the administration of assessments for each grade, expressed as a percentage of annual
instructional hours.
‘‘(3) EXCEPTION FOR RECENTLY ARRIVED ENGLISH
LEARNERS.—
‘‘(A) ASSESSMENTS.—With respect to recently arrived
English learners who have been enrolled in a school in
one of the 50 States in the United States or the District
of Columbia for less than 12 months, a State may choose
to—
‘‘(i) exclude—

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129 STAT. 1834

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(I) such an English learner from one administration of the reading or language arts assessment
required under paragraph (2); and
‘‘(II) such an English learner’s results on any
of the assessments required under paragraph
(2)(B)(v)(I) or (2)(G) for the first year of the English
learner’s enrollment in such a school for the purposes of the State-determined accountability
system under subsection (c); or
‘‘(ii)(I) assess, and report the performance of, such
an English learner on the reading or language arts
and mathematics assessments required under paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) in each year of the student’s enrollment in such a school; and
‘‘(II) for the purposes of the State-determined
accountability system—
‘‘(aa) for the first year of the student’s enrollment in such a school, exclude the results on the
assessments described in subclause (I);
‘‘(bb) include a measure of student growth on
the assessments described in subclause (I) in the
second year of the student’s enrollment in such
a school; and
‘‘(cc) include proficiency on the assessments
described in subclause (I) in the third year of the
student’s enrollment in such a school, and each
succeeding year of such enrollment.
‘‘(B) ENGLISH LEARNER SUBGROUP.—With respect to a
student previously identified as an English learner and
for not more than 4 years after the student ceases to
be identified as an English learner, a State may include
the results of the student’s assessments under paragraph
(2)(B)(v)(I) within the English learner subgroup of the subgroups of students (as defined in subsection (c)(2)(D)) for
the purposes of the State-determined accountability system.
‘‘(c) STATEWIDE ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Each State plan shall describe a statewide accountability system that complies with the requirements
of this subsection and subsection (d).
‘‘(2) SUBGROUP OF STUDENTS.—In this subsection and subsection (d), the term ‘subgroup of students’ means—
‘‘(A) economically disadvantaged students;
‘‘(B) students from major racial and ethnic groups;
‘‘(C) children with disabilities; and
‘‘(D) English learners.
‘‘(3) MINIMUM NUMBER OF STUDENTS.—Each State shall
describe—
‘‘(A) with respect to any provisions under this part
that require disaggregation of information by each subgroup of students—
‘‘(i) the minimum number of students that the
State determines are necessary to be included to carry
out such requirements and how that number is statistically sound, which shall be the same State-determined number for all students and for each subgroup
of students in the State;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1835

‘‘(ii) how such minimum number of students was
determined by the State, including how the State
collaborated with teachers, principals, other school
leaders, parents, and other stakeholders when determining such minimum number; and
‘‘(iii) how the State ensures that such minimum
number is sufficient to not reveal any personally identifiable information.
‘‘(4) DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM.—The statewide accountability
system described in paragraph (1) shall be based on the challenging State academic standards for reading or language arts
and mathematics described in subsection (b)(1) to improve student academic achievement and school success. In designing
such system to meet the requirements of this part, the State
shall carry out the following:
‘‘(A) ESTABLISHMENT OF LONG-TERM GOALS.—Establish
ambitious State-designed long-term goals, which shall
include measurements of interim progress toward meeting
such goals—
‘‘(i) for all students and separately for each subgroup of students in the State—
‘‘(I) for, at a minimum, improved—
‘‘(aa) academic achievement, as measured
by proficiency on the annual assessments
required under subsection (b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
‘‘(bb) high school graduation rates,
including—
‘‘(AA) the four-year adjusted cohort
graduation rate; and
‘‘(BB) at the State’s discretion, the
extended-year adjusted cohort graduation
rate, except that the State shall set a
more rigorous long-term goal for such
graduation rate, as compared to the longterm goal set for the four-year adjusted
cohort graduation rate;
‘‘(II) for which the term set by the State for
such goals is the same multi-year length of time
for all students and for each subgroup of students
in the State; and
‘‘(III) that, for subgroups of students who are
behind on the measures described in items (aa)
and (bb) of subclause (I), take into account the
improvement necessary on such measures to make
significant progress in closing statewide proficiency
and graduation rate gaps; and
‘‘(ii) for English learners, for increases in the
percentage of such students making progress in
achieving English language proficiency, as defined by
the State and measured by the assessments described
in subsection (b)(2)(G), within a State-determined
timeline.
‘‘(B) INDICATORS.—Except for the indicator described
in clause (iv), annually measure, for all students and separately for each subgroup of students, the following indicators:

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129 STAT. 1836

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(i) For all public schools in the State, based on
the long-term goals established under subparagraph
(A), academic achievement—
‘‘(I) as measured by proficiency on the annual
assessments
required
under
subsection
(b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
‘‘(II) at the State’s discretion, for each public
high school in the State, student growth, as measured by such annual assessments.
‘‘(ii) For public elementary schools and secondary
schools that are not high schools in the State—
‘‘(I) a measure of student growth, if determined
appropriate by the State; or
‘‘(II) another valid and reliable statewide academic indicator that allows for meaningful differentiation in school performance.
‘‘(iii) For public high schools in the State, and
based on State-designed long term goals established
under subparagraph (A)—
‘‘(I) the four-year adjusted cohort graduation
rate; and
‘‘(II) at the State’s discretion, the extendedyear adjusted cohort graduation rate.
‘‘(iv) For public schools in the State, progress in
achieving English language proficiency, as defined by
the State and measured by the assessments described
in subsection (b)(2)(G), within a State-determined
timeline for all English learners—
‘‘(I) in each of the grades 3 through 8; and
‘‘(II) in the grade for which such English
learners are otherwise assessed under subsection
(b)(2)(B)(v)(I) during the grade 9 through grade
12 period, with such progress being measured
against the results of the assessments described
in subsection (b)(2)(G) taken in the previous grade.
‘‘(v)(I) For all public schools in the State, not less
than one indicator of school quality or student success
that—
‘‘(aa) allows for meaningful differentiation in
school performance;
‘‘(bb) is valid, reliable, comparable, and statewide (with the same indicator or indicators used
for each grade span, as such term is determined
by the State); and
‘‘(cc) may include one or more of the measures
described in subclause (II).
‘‘(II) For purposes of subclause (I), the State may
include measures of—
‘‘(III) student engagement;
‘‘(IV) educator engagement;
‘‘(V) student access to and completion of
advanced coursework;
‘‘(VI) postsecondary readiness;
‘‘(VII) school climate and safety; and
‘‘(VIII) any other indicator the State chooses
that meets the requirements of this clause.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1837

‘‘(C) ANNUAL MEANINGFUL DIFFERENTIATION.—Establish a system of meaningfully differentiating, on an annual
basis, all public schools in the State, which shall—
‘‘(i) be based on all indicators in the State’s
accountability system under subparagraph (B), for all
students and for each of subgroup of students, consistent with the requirements of such subparagraph;
‘‘(ii) with respect to the indicators described in
clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (B) afford—
‘‘(I) substantial weight to each such indicator;
and
‘‘(II) in the aggregate, much greater weight
than is afforded to the indicator or indicators utilized by the State and described in subparagraph
(B)(v), in the aggregate; and
‘‘(iii) include differentiation of any such school in
which any subgroup of students is consistently underperforming, as determined by the State, based on all
indicators under subparagraph (B) and the system
established under this subparagraph.
‘‘(D) IDENTIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.—Based on the
system of meaningful differentiation described in subparagraph (C), establish a State-determined methodology to
identify—
‘‘(i) beginning with school year 2017–2018, and
at least once every three school years thereafter, one
statewide category of schools for comprehensive support and improvement, as described in subsection
(d)(1), which shall include—
‘‘(I) not less than the lowest-performing 5 percent of all schools receiving funds under this part
in the State;
‘‘(II) all public high schools in the State failing
to graduate one third or more of their students;
and
‘‘(III) public schools in the State described
under subsection (d)(3)(A)(i)(II); and
‘‘(ii) at the discretion of the State, additional statewide categories of schools.
‘‘(E) ANNUAL MEASUREMENT OF ACHIEVEMENT.—(i)
Annually measure the achievement of not less than 95
percent of all students, and 95 percent of all students
in each subgroup of students, who are enrolled in public
schools on the assessments described under subsection
(b)(2)(v)(I).
‘‘(ii) For the purpose of measuring, calculating, and
reporting on the indicator described in subparagraph (B)(i),
include in the denominator the greater of—
‘‘(I) 95 percent of all such students, or 95 percent
of all such students in the subgroup, as the case may
be; or
‘‘(II) the number of students participating in the
assessments.
‘‘(iii) Provide a clear and understandable explanation
of how the State will factor the requirement of clause
(i) of this subparagraph into the statewide accountability
system.

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129 STAT. 1838

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‘‘(F) PARTIAL ATTENDANCE.—(i) In the case of a student
who has not attended the same school within a local educational agency for at least half of a school year, the
performance of such student on the indicators described
in clauses (i), (ii), (iv), and (v) of subparagraph (B)—
‘‘(I) may not be used in the system of meaningful
differentiation of all public schools as described in
subparagraph (C) for such school year; and
‘‘(II) shall be used for the purpose of reporting
on the State and local educational agency report cards
under subsection (h) for such school year.
‘‘(ii) In the case of a high school student who has
not attended the same school within a local educational
agency for at least half of a school year and has exited
high school without a regular high school diploma and
without transferring to another high school that grants
a regular high school diploma during such school year,
the local educational agency shall, in order to calculate
the graduation rate pursuant to subparagraph (B)(iii),
assign such student to the high school—
‘‘(I) at which such student was enrolled for the
greatest proportion of school days while enrolled in
grades 9 through 12; or
‘‘(II) in which the student was most recently
enrolled.
‘‘(5) ACCOUNTABILITY FOR CHARTER SCHOOLS.—The accountability provisions under this Act shall be overseen for charter
schools in accordance with State charter school law.
‘‘(d) SCHOOL SUPPORT AND IMPROVEMENT ACTIVITIES.—
‘‘(1) COMPREHENSIVE SUPPORT AND IMPROVEMENT.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State educational agency
receiving funds under this part shall notify each local educational agency in the State of any school served by the
local educational agency that is identified for comprehensive support and improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i).
‘‘(B) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ACTION.—Upon
receiving such information from the State, the local educational agency shall, for each school identified by the
State and in partnership with stakeholders (including principals and other school leaders, teachers, and parents),
locally develop and implement a comprehensive support
and improvement plan for the school to improve student
outcomes, that—
‘‘(i) is informed by all indicators described in subsection (c)(4)(B), including student performance against
State-determined long-term goals;
‘‘(ii) includes evidence-based interventions;
‘‘(iii) is based on a school-level needs assessment;
‘‘(iv) identifies resource inequities, which may
include a review of local educational agency and schoollevel budgeting, to be addressed through implementation of such comprehensive support and improvement
plan;
‘‘(v) is approved by the school, local educational
agency, and State educational agency; and

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129 STAT. 1839

‘‘(vi) upon approval and implementation, is monitored and periodically reviewed by the State educational agency.
‘‘(C) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY DISCRETION.—With
respect to any high school in the State identified under
subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(II), the State educational agency
may—
‘‘(i) permit differentiated improvement activities
that utilize evidence-based interventions in the case
of such a school that predominantly serves students—
‘‘(I) returning to education after having exited
secondary school without a regular high school
diploma; or
‘‘(II) who, based on their grade or age, are
significantly off track to accumulate sufficient academic credits to meet high school graduation
requirements, as established by the State; and
‘‘(ii) in the case of such a school that has a total
enrollment of less than 100 students, permit the local
educational agency to forego implementation of
improvement activities required under this paragraph.
‘‘(D) PUBLIC SCHOOL CHOICE.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency may
provide all students enrolled in a school identified by
the State for comprehensive support and improvement
under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i) with the option to transfer
to another public school served by the local educational
agency, unless such an option is prohibited by State
law.
‘‘(ii) PRIORITY.—In providing students the option
to transfer to another public school, the local educational agency shall give priority to the lowestachieving children from low-income families, as determined by the local educational agency for the purposes
of allocating funds to schools under section 1113(a)(3).
‘‘(iii) TREATMENT.—A student who uses the option
to transfer to another public school shall be enrolled
in classes and other activities in the public school
to which the student transfers in the same manner
as all other students at the public school.
‘‘(iv) SPECIAL RULE.—A local educational agency
shall permit a student who transfers to another public
school under this paragraph to remain in that school
until the student has completed the highest grade in
that school.
‘‘(v) FUNDING FOR TRANSPORTATION.—A local educational agency may spend an amount equal to not
more than 5 percent of its allocation under subpart
2 of this part to pay for the provision of transportation
for students who transfer under this paragraph to the
public schools to which the students transfer.
‘‘(2) TARGETED SUPPORT AND IMPROVEMENT.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State educational agency
receiving funds under this part shall, using the meaningful
differentiation of schools described in subsection (c)(4)(C)—
‘‘(i) notify each local educational agency in the
State of any school served by the local educational

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129 STAT. 1840

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
agency in which any subgroup of students is consistently underperforming, as described in subsection
(c)(4)(C)(iii); and
‘‘(ii) ensure such local educational agency provides
notification to such school with respect to which subgroup or subgroups of students in such school are
consistently underperforming as described in subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii).
‘‘(B) TARGETED SUPPORT AND IMPROVEMENT PLAN.—
Each school receiving a notification described in this paragraph, in partnership with stakeholders (including principals and other school leaders, teachers and parents), shall
develop and implement a school-level targeted support and
improvement plan to improve student outcomes based on
the indicators in the statewide accountability system established under subsection (c)(4), for each subgroup of students
that was the subject of notification that—
‘‘(i) is informed by all indicators described in subsection (c)(4)(B), including student performance against
long-term goals;
‘‘(ii) includes evidence-based interventions;
‘‘(iii) is approved by the local educational agency
prior to implementation of such plan;
‘‘(iv) is monitored, upon submission and
implementation, by the local educational agency; and
‘‘(v) results in additional action following
unsuccessful implementation of such plan after a
number of years determined by the local educational
agency.
‘‘(C) ADDITIONAL TARGETED SUPPORT.—A plan described
in subparagraph (B) that is developed and implemented
in any school receiving a notification under this paragraph
from the local educational agency in which any subgroup
of students, on its own, would lead to identification under
subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(I) using the State’s methodology
under subsection (c)(4)(D) shall also identify resource
inequities (which may include a review of local educational
agency and school level budgeting), to be addressed through
implementation of such plan.
‘‘(D) SPECIAL RULE.—The State educational agency,
based on the State’s differentiation of schools under subsection (c)(4)(C) for school year 2017–2018, shall notify
local educational agencies of any schools served by the
local educational agency in which any subgroup of students,
on its own, would lead to identification under subsection
(c)(4)(D)(i)(I) using the State’s methodology under subsection (c)(4)(D), after which notification of such schools
under this paragraph shall result from differentiation of
schools pursuant to subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii).
‘‘(3) CONTINUED SUPPORT FOR SCHOOL AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCY
IMPROVEMENT.—To
ensure continued
progress to improve student academic achievement and school
success in the State, the State educational agency—
‘‘(A) shall—
‘‘(i) establish statewide exit criteria for—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1841

‘‘(I) schools identified by the State for comprehensive support and improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i), which, if not satisfied within
a State-determined number of years (not to exceed
four years), shall result in more rigorous Statedetermined action, such as the implementation of
interventions (which may include addressing
school-level operations); and
‘‘(II) schools described in paragraph (2)(C),
which, if not satisfied within a State-determined
number of years, shall, in the case of such schools
receiving assistance under this part, result in
identification of the school by the State for comprehensive support and improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(III);
‘‘(ii) periodically review resource allocation to support school improvement in each local educational
agency in the State serving—
‘‘(I) a significant number of schools identified
for comprehensive support and improvement under
subsection (c)(4)(D)(i); and
‘‘(II) a significant number of schools implementing targeted support and improvement plans
under paragraph (2); and
‘‘(iii) provide technical assistance to each local educational agency in the State serving a significant
number of—
‘‘(I) schools implementing comprehensive support and improvement plans under paragraph (1);
or
‘‘(II) schools implementing targeted support
and improvement plans under paragraph (2); and
‘‘(B) may—
‘‘(i) take action to initiate additional improvement
in any local educational agency with—
‘‘(I) a significant number of schools that are
consistently identified by the State for comprehensive support and improvement under subsection
(c)(4)(D)(i) and not meeting exit criteria established
by the State under subparagraph (A)(i)(I); or
‘‘(II) a significant number of schools implementing targeted support and improvement plans
under paragraph (2); and
‘‘(ii) consistent with State law, establish alternative
evidence-based State determined strategies that can
be used by local educational agencies to assist a school
identified for comprehensive support and improvement
under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i).
‘‘(4) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION FOR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING.—
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures afforded to
school or local educational agency employees under Federal,
State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court
orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements,
memoranda of understanding, or other agreements between
such employers and their employees.
‘‘(e) PROHIBITION.—

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129 STAT. 1842

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed
to authorize or permit the Secretary—
‘‘(A) when promulgating any rule or regulation, to
promulgate any rule or regulation on the development or
implementation of the statewide accountability system
established under this section that would—
‘‘(i) add new requirements that are inconsistent
with or outside the scope of this part;
‘‘(ii) add new criteria that are inconsistent with
or outside the scope of this part; or
‘‘(iii) be in excess of statutory authority granted
to the Secretary;
‘‘(B) as a condition of approval of the State plan, or
revisions or amendments to, the State plan, or approval
of a waiver request submitted under section 8401, to—
‘‘(i) require a State to add any requirements that
are inconsistent with or outside the scope of this part;
‘‘(ii) require a State to add or delete one or more
specific elements of the challenging State academic
standards; or
‘‘(iii) prescribe—
‘‘(I) numeric long-term goals or measurements
of interim progress that States establish for all
students, for any subgroups of students, and for
English learners with respect to English language
proficiency, under this part, including—
‘‘(aa) the length of terms set by States
in designing such goals; or
‘‘(bb) the progress expected from any subgroups of students in meeting such goals;
‘‘(II) specific academic assessments or assessment items that States or local educational agencies use to meet the requirements of subsection
(b)(2) or otherwise use to measure student academic achievement or student growth under this
part;
‘‘(III) indicators that States use within the
State accountability system under this section,
including any requirement to measure student
growth, or, if a State chooses to measure student
growth, the specific metrics used to measure such
growth under this part;
‘‘(IV) the weight of any measure or indicator
used to identify or meaningfully differentiate
schools, under this part;
‘‘(V) the specific methodology used by States
to meaningfully differentiate or identify schools
under this part;
‘‘(VI) any specific school support and improvement strategies or activities that State or local
educational agencies establish and implement to
intervene in, support, and improve schools and
improve student outcomes under this part;
‘‘(VII) exit criteria established by States under
subsection (d)(3)(A)(i);
‘‘(VIII) provided that the State meets the
requirements in subsection (c)(3), a minimum

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1843

number of students established by a State under
such subsection;
‘‘(IX) any aspect or parameter of a teacher,
principal, or other school leader evaluation system
within a State or local educational agency;
‘‘(X) indicators or specific measures of teacher,
principal, or other school leader effectiveness or
quality; or
‘‘(XI) the way in which the State factors the
requirement under subsection (c)(4)(E)(i) into the
statewide accountability system under this section;
or
‘‘(C) to issue new non-regulatory guidance that—
‘‘(i) in seeking to provide explanation of requirements under this section for State or local educational
agencies, either in response to requests for information
or in anticipation of such requests, provides a strictly
limited or exhaustive list to illustrate successful
implementation of provisions under this section; or
‘‘(ii) purports to be legally binding; or
‘‘(D) to require data collection under this part beyond
data derived from existing Federal, State, and local
reporting requirements.
‘‘(2) DEFINING TERMS.—In carrying out this part, the Secretary shall not, through regulation or as a condition of approval
of the State plan or revisions or amendments to the State
plan, promulgate a definition of any term used in this part,
or otherwise prescribe any specification for any such term,
that is inconsistent with or outside the scope of this part
or is in violation of paragraph (1).
‘‘(f) EXISTING STATE LAW.—Nothing in this section shall be
construed to alter any State law or regulation granting parents
authority over schools that repeatedly failed to make adequate
yearly progress under this part, as in effect on the day before
the date of the enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(g) OTHER PLAN PROVISIONS.—
‘‘(1) DESCRIPTIONS.—Each State plan shall describe—
‘‘(A) how the State will provide assistance to local
educational agencies and individual elementary schools
choosing to use funds under this part to support early
childhood education programs;
‘‘(B) how low-income and minority children enrolled
in schools assisted under this part are not served at disproportionate rates by ineffective, out-of-field, or inexperienced teachers, and the measures the State educational
agency will use to evaluate and publicly report the progress
of the State educational agency with respect to such
description (except that nothing in this subparagraph shall
be construed as requiring a State to develop or implement
a teacher, principal, or other school leader evaluation
system);
‘‘(C) how the State educational agency will support
local educational agencies receiving assistance under this
part to improve school conditions for student learning,
including through reducing—
‘‘(i) incidences of bullying and harassment;

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129 STAT. 1844

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(ii) the overuse of discipline practices that remove
students from the classroom; and
‘‘(iii) the use of aversive behavioral interventions
that compromise student health and safety;
‘‘(D) how the State will support local educational agencies receiving assistance under this part in meeting the
needs of students at all levels of schooling (particularly
students in the middle grades and high school), including
how the State will work with such local educational agencies to provide effective transitions of students to middle
grades and high school to decrease the risk of students
dropping out;
‘‘(E) the steps a State educational agency will take
to ensure collaboration with the State agency responsible
for administering the State plans under parts B and E
of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 621 et
seq. and 670 et seq.) to ensure the educational stability
of children in foster care, including assurances that—
‘‘(i) any such child enrolls or remains in such child’s
school of origin, unless a determination is made that
it is not in such child’s best interest to attend the
school of origin, which decision shall be based on all
factors relating to the child’s best interest, including
consideration of the appropriateness of the current educational setting and the proximity to the school in
which the child is enrolled at the time of placement;
‘‘(ii) when a determination is made that it is not
in such child’s best interest to remain in the school
of origin, the child is immediately enrolled in a new
school, even if the child is unable to produce records
normally required for enrollment;
‘‘(iii) the enrolling school shall immediately contact
the school last attended by any such child to obtain
relevant academic and other records; and
‘‘(iv) the State educational agency will designate
an employee to serve as a point of contact for child
welfare agencies and to oversee implementation of the
State agency responsibilities required under this
subparagraph, and such point of contact shall not be
the State’s Coordinator for Education of Homeless Children and Youths under section 722(d)(3) of the
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C.
11432(d)(3));
‘‘(F) how the State educational agency will provide
support to local educational agencies in the identification,
enrollment, attendance, and school stability of homeless
children and youths; and
‘‘(G) such other factors the State educational agency
determines appropriate to provide students an opportunity
to achieve the knowledge and skills described in the challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(2) ASSURANCES.—Each State plan shall contain assurances that—
‘‘(A) the State will make public any methods or criteria
the State is using to measure teacher, principal, or other
school leader effectiveness for the purpose of meeting the
requirements described in paragraph (1)(B);

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1845

‘‘(B) the State educational agency will notify local educational agencies, Indian tribes and tribal organizations,
schools, teachers, parents, and the public of the challenging
State academic standards, academic assessments, and
State accountability system, developed under this section;
‘‘(C) the State educational agency will assist each local
educational agency and school affected by the State plan
to meet the requirements of this part;
‘‘(D) the State will participate in the biennial State
academic assessments in reading and mathematics in
grades 4 and 8 of the National Assessment of Educational
Progress carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the National
Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act (20
U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)) if the Secretary pays the costs of administering such assessments;
‘‘(E) the State educational agency will modify or eliminate State fiscal and accounting barriers so that schools
can easily consolidate funds from other Federal, State,
and local sources to improve educational opportunities and
reduce unnecessary fiscal and accounting requirements;
‘‘(F) the State educational agency will support the
collection and dissemination to local educational agencies
and schools of effective parent and family engagement
strategies, including those included in the parent and
family engagement policy under section 1116;
‘‘(G) the State educational agency will provide the least
restrictive and burdensome regulations for local educational
agencies and individual schools participating in a program
assisted under this part;
‘‘(H) the State educational agency will ensure that
local educational agencies, in developing and implementing
programs under this part, will, to the extent feasible, work
in consultation with outside intermediary organizations
(such as educational service agencies), or individuals, that
have practical expertise in the development or use of evidence-based strategies and programs to improve teaching,
learning, and schools;
‘‘(I) the State educational agency has appropriate procedures and safeguards in place to ensure the validity of
the assessment process;
‘‘(J) the State educational agency will ensure that all
teachers and paraprofessionals working in a program supported with funds under this part meet applicable State
certification and licensure requirements, including any
requirements for certification obtained through alternative
routes to certification;
‘‘(K) the State educational agency will coordinate activities funded under this part with other Federal activities
as appropriate;
‘‘(L) the State educational agency has involved the
committee of practitioners established under section
1603(b) in developing the plan and monitoring its
implementation;
‘‘(M) the State has professional standards for paraprofessionals working in a program supported with funds
under this part, including qualifications that were in place

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129 STAT. 1846

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
on the day before the date of enactment of the Every
Student Succeeds Act; and
‘‘(N) the State educational agency will provide the
information described in clauses (ii), (iii), and (vii) of subsection (h)(1)(C) to the public in an easily accessible and
user-friendly manner that can be cross-tabulated by, at
a minimum, each major racial and ethnic group, gender,
English proficiency status, and children with or without
disabilities, which—
‘‘(i) may be accomplished by including such
information on the annual State report card described
subsection (h)(1)(C); and
‘‘(ii) shall be presented in a manner that—
‘‘(I) is first anonymized and does not reveal
personally identifiable information about an individual student;
‘‘(II) does not include a number of students
in any subgroup of students that is insufficient
to yield statistically reliable information or that
would reveal personally identifiable information
about an individual student; and
‘‘(III) is consistent with the requirements of
section 444 of the General Education Provisions
Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known as the
‘Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of
1974’).
‘‘(3) RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in paragraph (2)(N)
shall be construed to—
‘‘(A) require groups of students obtained by any entity
that cross-tabulates the information provided under such
paragraph to be considered subgroups of students, as
defined in subsection (c)(2), for the purposes of the State
accountability system under subsection (c); or
‘‘(B) require or prohibit States or local educational
agencies from publicly reporting data in a cross-tabulated
manner, in order to meet the requirements of paragraph
(2)(N).
‘‘(4) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—Upon request by a State educational agency, the Secretary shall provide technical assistance
to such agency to—
‘‘(A) meet the requirements of paragraph (2)(N); or
‘‘(B) in the case of a State educational agency choosing,
at its sole discretion, to disaggregate data described in
clauses (ii) and (iii)(II) of subsection (h)(1)(C) for Asian
and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander students using
the same race response categories as the decennial census
of the population, assist such State educational agency
in such disaggregation and in using such data to improve
academic outcomes for such students.
‘‘(h) REPORTS.—
‘‘(1) ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—A State that receives assistance
under this part shall prepare and disseminate widely to
the public an annual State report card for the State as
a whole that meets the requirements of this paragraph.
‘‘(B) IMPLEMENTATION.—The State report card required
under this paragraph shall be—

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129 STAT. 1847

‘‘(i) concise;
‘‘(ii) presented in an understandable and uniform
format that is developed in consultation with parents
and, to the extent practicable, in a language that parents can understand; and
‘‘(iii) widely accessible to the public, which shall
include making available on a single webpage of the
State educational agency’s website, the State report
card, all local educational agency report cards for each
local educational agency in the State required under
paragraph (2), and the annual report to the Secretary
under paragraph (5).
‘‘(C) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.—Each State report card
required under this subsection shall include the following
information:
‘‘(i) A clear and concise description of the State’s
accountability system under subsection (c), including—
‘‘(I) the minimum number of students that
the State determines are necessary to be included
in each of the subgroups of students, as defined
in subsection (c)(2), for use in the accountability
system;
‘‘(II) the long-term goals and measurements
of interim progress for all students and for each
of the subgroups of students, as defined in subsection (c)(2);
‘‘(III) the indicators described in subsection
(c)(4)(B) used to meaningfully differentiate all
public schools in the State;
‘‘(IV) the State’s system for meaningfully differentiating all public schools in the State,
including—
‘‘(aa) the specific weight of the indicators
described in subsection (c)(4)(B) in such differentiation;
‘‘(bb) the methodology by which the State
differentiates all such schools;
‘‘(cc) the methodology by which the State
differentiates a school as consistently underperforming for any subgroup of students
described in section (c)(4)(C)(iii), including the
time period used by the State to determine
consistent underperformance; and
‘‘(dd) the methodology by which the State
identifies a school for comprehensive support
and improvement as required under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i);
‘‘(V) the number and names of all public
schools in the State identified by the State for
comprehensive support and improvement under
subsection (c)(4)(D)(i) or implementing targeted
support and improvement plans under subsection
(d)(2); and
‘‘(VI) the exit criteria established by the State
as required under clause (i) of subsection (d)(3)(A),
including the length of years established under
clause (i)(II) of such subsection.

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129 STAT. 1848

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(ii) For all students and disaggregated by each
subgroup of students described in subsection
(b)(2)(B)(xi), homeless status, status as a child in foster
care, and status as a student with a parent who is
a member of the Armed Forces (as defined in section
101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code) on active
duty (as defined in section 101(d)(5) of such title),
information on student achievement on the academic
assessments described in subsection (b)(2) at each level
of achievement, as determined by the State under subsection (b)(1).
‘‘(iii) For all students and disaggregated by each
of the subgroups of students, as defined in subsection
(c)(2), and for purposes of subclause (II) of this clause,
homeless status and status as a child in foster care—
‘‘(I) information on the performance on the
other academic indicator under subsection
(c)(4)(B)(ii) for public elementary schools and secondary schools that are not high schools, used
by the State in the State accountability system;
and
‘‘(II) high school graduation rates, including
four-year adjusted cohort graduation rates and,
at the State’s discretion, extended-year adjusted
cohort graduation rates.
‘‘(iv) Information on the number and percentage
of English learners achieving English language proficiency.
‘‘(v) For all students and disaggregated by each
of the subgroups of students, as defined in subsection
(c)(2), information on the performance on the other
indicator or indicators of school quality or student success under subsection (c)(4)(B)(v) used by the State
in the State accountability system.
‘‘(vi) Information on the progress of all students
and each subgroup of students, as defined in subsection
(c)(2), toward meeting the State-designed long term
goals under subsection (c)(4)(A), including the progress
of all students and each such subgroup of students
against the State measurements of interim progress
established under such subsection.
‘‘(vii) For all students and disaggregated by each
subgroup of students described in subsection
(b)(2)(B)(xi), the percentage of students assessed and
not assessed.
‘‘(viii) Information submitted by the State educational agency and each local educational agency in
the State, in accordance with data collection conducted
pursuant to section 203(c)(1) of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3413(c)(1)), on—
‘‘(I) measures of school quality, climate, and
safety, including rates of in-school suspensions,
out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, schoolrelated arrests, referrals to law enforcement,
chronic absenteeism (including both excused and
unexcused absences), incidences of violence,
including bullying and harassment; and

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129 STAT. 1849

‘‘(II) the number and percentage of students
enrolled in—
‘‘(aa) preschool programs; and
‘‘(bb) accelerated coursework to earn postsecondary credit while still in high school, such
as Advanced Placement and International
Baccalaureate courses and examinations, and
dual or concurrent enrollment programs.
‘‘(ix) The professional qualifications of teachers in
the State, including information (that shall be presented in the aggregate and disaggregated by highpoverty compared to low-poverty schools) on the
number and percentage of—
‘‘(I) inexperienced teachers, principals, and
other school leaders;
‘‘(II) teachers teaching with emergency or
provisional credentials; and
‘‘(III) teachers who are not teaching in the
subject or field for which the teacher is certified
or licensed.
‘‘(x) The per-pupil expenditures of Federal, State,
and local funds, including actual personnel expenditures and actual nonpersonnel expenditures of Federal,
State, and local funds, disaggregated by source of
funds, for each local educational agency and each
school in the State for the preceding fiscal year.
‘‘(xi) The number and percentages of students with
the most significant cognitive disabilities who take an
alternate assessment under subsection (b)(2)(D), by
grade and subject.
‘‘(xii) Results on the State academic assessments
in reading and mathematics in grades 4 and 8 of
the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act (20
U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)), compared to the national average
of such results.
‘‘(xiii) Where available, for each high school in
the State, and beginning with the report card prepared
under this paragraph for 2017, the cohort rate (in
the aggregate, and disaggregated for each subgroup
of students defined in subsection (c)(2)), at which students who graduate from the high school enroll, for
the first academic year that begins after the students’
graduation—
‘‘(I) in programs of public postsecondary education in the State; and
‘‘(II) if data are available and to the extent
practicable, in programs of private postsecondary
education in the State or programs of postsecondary education outside the State.
‘‘(xiv) Any additional information that the State
believes will best provide parents, students, and other
members of the public with information regarding the
progress of each of the State’s public elementary
schools and secondary schools, which may include the
number and percentage of students attaining career

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129 STAT. 1850

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
and technical proficiencies (as defined by section 113(b)
of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education
Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2323(b)) and reported by States
only in a manner consistent with section 113(c) of
such Act (20 U.S.C. 2323(c)).
‘‘(D) RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in subparagraph (C)(viii) shall be construed as requiring—
‘‘(i) reporting of any data that are not collected
in accordance with section 203(c)(1) of the Department
of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3413(c)(1);
or
‘‘(ii) disaggregation of any data other than as
required under subsection (b)(2)(B)(xi).
‘‘(2) ANNUAL LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REPORT CARDS.—
‘‘(A) PREPARATION AND DISSEMINATION.—A local educational agency that receives assistance under this part
shall prepare and disseminate an annual local educational
agency report card that includes information on such
agency as a whole and each school served by the agency.
‘‘(B) IMPLEMENTATION.—Each local educational agency
report card shall be—
‘‘(i) concise;
‘‘(ii) presented in an understandable and uniform
format, and to the extent practicable, in a language
that parents can understand; and
‘‘(iii) accessible to the public, which shall include—
‘‘(I) placing such report card on the website
of the local educational agency; and
‘‘(II) in any case in which a local educational
agency does not operate a website, providing the
information to the public in another manner determined by the local educational agency.
‘‘(C) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.—The State educational
agency shall ensure that each local educational agency
collects appropriate data and includes in the local educational agency’s annual report the information described
in paragraph (1)(C), disaggregated in the same manner
as required under such paragraph, except for clause (xii)
of such paragraph, as applied to the local educational
agency and each school served by the local educational
agency, including—
‘‘(i) in the case of a local educational agency,
information that shows how students served by the
local educational agency achieved on the academic
assessments described in subsection (b)(2) compared
to students in the State as a whole;
‘‘(ii) in the case of a school, information that shows
how the school’s students’ achievement on the academic
assessments described in subsection (b)(2) compared
to students served by the local educational agency
and the State as a whole; and
‘‘(iii) any other information that the local educational agency determines is appropriate and will best
provide parents, students, and other members of the
public with information regarding the progress of each
public school served by the local educational agency,

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129 STAT. 1851

whether or not such information is included in the
annual State report card.
‘‘(D) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—In the case of a local
educational agency that issues a report card for all students, the local educational agency may include the
information under this section as part of such report.
‘‘(3) PREEXISTING REPORT CARDS.—A State educational
agency or local educational agency may use public report cards
on the performance of students, schools, local educational agencies, or the State, that were in effect prior to the date of
enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act for the purpose
of this subsection, so long as any such report card is modified,
as may be needed, to contain the information required by
this subsection, and protects the privacy of individual students.
‘‘(4) COST REDUCTION.—Each State educational agency and
local educational agency receiving assistance under this part
shall, wherever possible, take steps to reduce data collection
costs and duplication of effort by obtaining the information
required under this subsection through existing data collection
efforts.
‘‘(5) ANNUAL STATE REPORT TO THE SECRETARY.—Each State
educational agency receiving assistance under this part shall
report annually to the Secretary, and make widely available
within the State—
‘‘(A) information on the achievement of students on
the academic assessments required by subsection (b)(2),
including the disaggregated results for the subgroups of
students as defined in subsection (c)(2);
‘‘(B) information on the acquisition of English proficiency by English learners;
‘‘(C) the number and names of each public school in
the State—
‘‘(i) identified for comprehensive support and
improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i); and
‘‘(ii) implementing targeted support and improvement plans under subsection (d)(2); and
‘‘(D) information on the professional qualifications of
teachers in the State, including information on the number
and the percentage of the following teachers:
‘‘(i) Inexperienced teachers.
‘‘(ii) Teachers teaching with emergency or provisional credentials.
‘‘(iii) Teachers who are not teaching in the subject
or field for which the teacher is certified or licensed.
‘‘(6) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary shall transmit
annually to the Committee on Education and the Workforce
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health,
Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report that
provides national and State-level data on the information collected under paragraph (5). Such report shall be submitted
through electronic means only.
‘‘(i) PRIVACY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Information collected or disseminated
under this section (including any information collected for or
included in the reports described in subsection (h)) shall be
collected and disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy of individuals consistent with section 444 of the General

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Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known
as the ‘Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974’)
and this Act.
‘‘(2) SUFFICIENCY.—The reports described in subsection (h)
shall only include data that are sufficient to yield statistically
reliable information.
‘‘(3) DISAGGREGATION.—Disaggregation under this section
shall not be required if such disaggregation will reveal personally identifiable information about any student, teacher, principal, or other school leader, or will provide data that are
insufficient to yield statistically reliable information.
‘‘(j) VOLUNTARY PARTNERSHIPS.—A State retains the right to
enter into a voluntary partnership with another State to develop
and implement the challenging State academic standards and
assessments required under this section, except that the Secretary
shall not attempt to influence, incentivize, or coerce State—
‘‘(1) adoption of the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative or
any other academic standards common to a significant number
of States, or assessments tied to such standards; or
‘‘(2) participation in such partnerships.
‘‘(k) SPECIAL RULE WITH RESPECT TO BUREAU-FUNDED
SCHOOLS.—In determining the assessments to be used by each
school operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education
receiving funds under this part, the following shall apply until
the requirements of section 8204(c) have been met:
‘‘(1) Each such school that is accredited by the State in
which it is operating shall use the assessments and other
academic indicators the State has developed and implemented
to meet the requirements of this section, or such other appropriate assessment and academic indicators as approved by the
Secretary of the Interior.
‘‘(2) Each such school that is accredited by a regional
accrediting organization (in consultation with and with the
approval of the Secretary of the Interior, and consistent with
assessments and academic indicators adopted by other schools
in the same State or region) shall adopt an appropriate assessment and other academic indicators that meet the requirements
of this section.
‘‘(3) Each such school that is accredited by a tribal accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an assessment and other academic indicators developed by such agency
or division, except that the Secretary of the Interior shall
ensure that such assessment and academic indicators meet
the requirements of this section.
‘‘(l) CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this part shall be construed
to prescribe the use of the academic assessments described in
this part for student promotion or graduation purposes.’’.
SEC. 1006. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

Section 1112 (20 U.S.C. 6312) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1112. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

‘‘(a) PLANS REQUIRED.—
‘‘(1) SUBGRANTS.—A local educational agency may receive
a subgrant under this part for any fiscal year only if such
agency has on file with the State educational agency a plan,
approved by the State educational agency, that—

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129 STAT. 1853

‘‘(A) is developed with timely and meaningful consultation with teachers, principals, other school leaders, paraprofessionals, specialized instructional support personnel,
charter school leaders (in a local educational agency that
has charter schools), administrators (including administrators of programs described in other parts of this title),
other appropriate school personnel, and with parents of
children in schools served under this part; and
‘‘(B) as appropriate, is coordinated with other programs
under this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of
1973 (20 U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Carl D. Perkins Career
and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et
seq.), the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29
U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831
et seq.), the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42
U.S.C. 11301 et seq.), the Adult Education and Family
Literacy Act (29 U.S.C. 3271 et seq.), and other Acts as
appropriate.
‘‘(2) CONSOLIDATED APPLICATION.—The plan may be submitted as part of a consolidated application under section 8305.
‘‘(3) STATE APPROVAL.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each local educational agency plan
shall be filed according to a schedule established by the
State educational agency.
‘‘(B) APPROVAL.—The State educational agency shall
approve a local educational agency’s plan only if the State
educational agency determines that the local educational
agency’s plan—
‘‘(i) provides that schools served under this part
substantially help children served under this part meet
the challenging State academic standards; and
‘‘(ii) meets the requirements of this section.
‘‘(4) DURATION.—Each local educational agency plan shall
be submitted for the first year for which this part is in effect
following the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds
Act and shall remain in effect for the duration of the agency’s
participation under this part.
‘‘(5) REVIEW.—Each local educational agency shall periodically review and, as necessary, revise its plan.
‘‘(6) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Consultation required under
paragraph (1)(A) shall not interfere with the timely submission
of the plan required under this section.
‘‘(b) PLAN PROVISIONS.—To ensure that all children receive
a high-quality education, and to close the achievement gap between
children meeting the challenging State academic standards and
those children who are not meeting such standards, each local
educational agency plan shall describe—
‘‘(1) how the local educational agency will monitor students’
progress in meeting the challenging State academic standards
by—
‘‘(A) developing and implementing a well-rounded program of instruction to meet the academic needs of all
students;
‘‘(B) identifying students who may be at risk for academic failure;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(C) providing additional educational assistance to individual students the local educational agency or school determines need help in meeting the challenging State academic
standards; and
‘‘(D) identifying and implementing instructional and
other strategies intended to strengthen academic programs
and improve school conditions for student learning;
‘‘(2) how the local educational agency will identify and
address, as required under State plans as described in section
1111(g)(1)(B), any disparities that result in low-income students
and minority students being taught at higher rates than other
students by ineffective, inexperienced, or out-of-field teachers;
‘‘(3) how the local educational agency will carry out its
responsibilities under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1111(d);
‘‘(4) the poverty criteria that will be used to select school
attendance areas under section 1113;
‘‘(5) in general, the nature of the programs to be conducted
by such agency’s schools under sections 1114 and 1115 and,
where appropriate, educational services outside such schools
for children living in local institutions for neglected or delinquent children, and for neglected and delinquent children in
community day school programs;
‘‘(6) the services the local educational agency will provide
homeless children and youths, including services provided with
funds reserved under section 1113(c)(3)(A), to support the
enrollment, attendance, and success of homeless children and
youths, in coordination with the services the local educational
agency is providing under the McKinney-Vento Homeless
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.);
‘‘(7) the strategy the local educational agency will use to
implement effective parent and family engagement under section 1116;
‘‘(8) if applicable, how the local educational agency will
support, coordinate, and integrate services provided under this
part with early childhood education programs at the local educational agency or individual school level, including plans for
the transition of participants in such programs to local
elementary school programs;
‘‘(9) how teachers and school leaders, in consultation with
parents, administrators, paraprofessionals, and specialized
instructional support personnel, in schools operating a targeted
assistance school program under section 1115, will identify
the eligible children most in need of services under this part;
‘‘(10) how the local educational agency will implement
strategies to facilitate effective transitions for students from
middle grades to high school and from high school to postsecondary education including, if applicable—
‘‘(A) through coordination with institutions of higher
education, employers, and other local partners; and
‘‘(B) through increased student access to early college
high school or dual or concurrent enrollment opportunities,
or career counseling to identify student interests and skills;
‘‘(11) how the local educational agency will support efforts
to reduce the overuse of discipline practices that remove students from the classroom, which may include identifying and
supporting schools with high rates of discipline, disaggregated

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1855

by each of the subgroups of students, as defined in section
1111(c)(2);
‘‘(12) if determined appropriate by the local educational
agency, how such agency will support programs that coordinate
and integrate—
‘‘(A) academic and career and technical education content through coordinated instructional strategies, that may
incorporate experiential learning opportunities and promote skills attainment important to in-demand occupations
or industries in the State; and
‘‘(B) work-based learning opportunities that provide
students in-depth interaction with industry professionals
and, if appropriate, academic credit; and
‘‘(13) any other information on how the local educational
agency proposes to use funds to meet the purposes of this
part, and that the local educational agency determines appropriate to provide, which may include how the local educational
agency will—
‘‘(A) assist schools in identifying and serving gifted
and talented students; and
‘‘(B) assist schools in developing effective school library
programs to provide students an opportunity to develop
digital literacy skills and improve academic achievement.
‘‘(c) ASSURANCES.—Each local educational agency plan shall
provide assurances that the local educational agency will—
‘‘(1) ensure that migratory children and formerly migratory
children who are eligible to receive services under this part
are selected to receive such services on the same basis as
other children who are selected to receive services under this
part;
‘‘(2) provide services to eligible children attending private
elementary schools and secondary schools in accordance with
section 1117, and timely and meaningful consultation with
private school officials regarding such services;
‘‘(3) participate, if selected, in the National Assessment
of Educational Progress in reading and mathematics in grades
4 and 8 carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the National
Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act (20
U.S.C. 9622(b)(3));
‘‘(4) coordinate and integrate services provided under this
part with other educational services at the local educational
agency or individual school level, such as services for English
learners, children with disabilities, migratory children, American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian children,
and homeless children and youths, in order to increase program
effectiveness, eliminate duplication, and reduce fragmentation
of the instructional program;
‘‘(5) collaborate with the State or local child welfare agency
to—
‘‘(A) designate a point of contact if the corresponding
child welfare agency notifies the local educational agency,
in writing, that the agency has designated an employee
to serve as a point of contact for the local educational
agency; and

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129 STAT. 1856

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(B) by not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, develop and implement clear written procedures governing how transportation to maintain children in foster care in their school
of origin when in their best interest will be provided,
arranged, and funded for the duration of the time in foster
care, which procedures shall—
‘‘(i) ensure that children in foster care needing
transportation to the school of origin will promptly
receive transportation in a cost-effective manner and
in accordance with section 475(4)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(4)(A)); and
‘‘(ii) ensure that, if there are additional costs
incurred in providing transportation to maintain children in foster care in their schools of origin, the local
educational agency will provide transportation to the
school of origin if—
‘‘(I) the local child welfare agency agrees to
reimburse the local educational agency for the cost
of such transportation;
‘‘(II) the local educational agency agrees to
pay for the cost of such transportation; or
‘‘(III) the local educational agency and the local
child welfare agency agree to share the cost of
such transportation; and
‘‘(6) ensure that all teachers and paraprofessionals working
in a program supported with funds under this part meet
applicable State certification and licensure requirements,
including any requirements for certification obtained through
alternative routes to certification; and
‘‘(7) in the case of a local educational agency that chooses
to use funds under this part to provide early childhood education services to low-income children below the age of compulsory school attendance, ensure that such services comply with
the performance standards established under section 641A(a)
of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a(a)).
‘‘(d) SPECIAL RULE.—For local educational agencies using funds
under this part for the purposes described in subsection (c)(7),
the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and establish procedures (taking into consideration existing
State and local laws, and local teacher contracts) to assist
local educational agencies to comply with such subsection; and
‘‘(2) disseminate to local educational agencies the education
performance standards in effect under section 641A(a) of the
Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a(a)), and such agencies affected
by such subsection (c)(7) shall plan to comply with such subsection (taking into consideration existing State and local laws,
and local teacher contracts), including by pursuing the availability of other Federal, State, and local funding sources to
assist with such compliance.
‘‘(e) PARENTS RIGHT-TO-KNOW.—
‘‘(1) INFORMATION FOR PARENTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—At the beginning of each school
year, a local educational agency that receives funds under
this part shall notify the parents of each student attending
any school receiving funds under this part that the parents

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1857

may request, and the agency will provide the parents on
request (and in a timely manner), information regarding
the professional qualifications of the student’s classroom
teachers, including at a minimum, the following:
‘‘(i) Whether the student’s teacher—
‘‘(I) has met State qualification and licensing
criteria for the grade levels and subject areas in
which the teacher provides instruction;
‘‘(II) is teaching under emergency or other
provisional status through which State qualification or licensing criteria have been waived; and
‘‘(III) is teaching in the field of discipline of
the certification of the teacher.
‘‘(ii) Whether the child is provided services by paraprofessionals and, if so, their qualifications.
‘‘(B) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—In addition to the
information that parents may request under subparagraph
(A), a school that receives funds under this part shall
provide to each individual parent of a child who is a student
in such school, with respect to such student—
‘‘(i) information on the level of achievement and
academic growth of the student, if applicable and available, on each of the State academic assessments
required under this part; and
‘‘(ii) timely notice that the student has been
assigned, or has been taught for 4 or more consecutive
weeks by, a teacher who does not meet applicable
State certification or licensure requirements at the
grade level and subject area in which the teacher has
been assigned.
‘‘(2) TESTING TRANSPARENCY.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—At the beginning of each school
year, a local educational agency that receives funds under
this part shall notify the parents of each student attending
any school receiving funds under this part that the parents
may request, and the local educational agency will provide
the parents on request (and in a timely manner), information regarding any State or local educational agency policy
regarding student participation in any assessments mandated by section 1111(b)(2) and by the State or local educational agency, which shall include a policy, procedure,
or parental right to opt the child out of such assessment,
where applicable.
‘‘(B) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—Subject to subparagraph (C), each local educational agency that receives funds
under this part shall make widely available through public
means (including by posting in a clear and easily accessible
manner on the local educational agency’s website and,
where practicable, on the website of each school served
by the local educational agency) for each grade served
by the local educational agency, information on each assessment required by the State to comply with section 1111,
other assessments required by the State, and where such
information is available and feasible to report, assessments
required districtwide by the local educational agency,
including—
‘‘(i) the subject matter assessed;

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‘‘(ii) the purpose for which the assessment is
designed and used;
‘‘(iii) the source of the requirement for the assessment; and
‘‘(iv) where such information is available—
‘‘(I) the amount of time students will spend
taking the assessment, and the schedule for the
assessment; and
‘‘(II) the time and format for disseminating
results.
‘‘(C) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY THAT DOES NOT
OPERATE A WEBSITE.—In the case of a local educational
agency that does not operate a website, such local educational agency shall determine how to make the information described in subparagraph (A) widely available, such
as through distribution of that information to the media,
through public agencies, or directly to parents.
‘‘(3) LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION.—
‘‘(A) NOTICE.—Each local educational agency using
funds under this part or title III to provide a language
instruction educational program as determined under title
III shall, not later than 30 days after the beginning of
the school year, inform parents of an English learner identified for participation or participating in such a program,
of—
‘‘(i) the reasons for the identification of their child
as an English learner and in need of placement in
a language instruction educational program;
‘‘(ii) the child’s level of English proficiency, how
such level was assessed, and the status of the child’s
academic achievement;
‘‘(iii) the methods of instruction used in the program in which their child is, or will be, participating
and the methods of instruction used in other available
programs, including how such programs differ in content, instructional goals, and the use of English and
a native language in instruction;
‘‘(iv) how the program in which their child is, or
will be, participating will meet the educational
strengths and needs of their child;
‘‘(v) how such program will specifically help their
child learn English and meet age-appropriate academic
achievement standards for grade promotion and
graduation;
‘‘(vi) the specific exit requirements for the program,
including the expected rate of transition from such
program into classrooms that are not tailored for
English learners, and the expected rate of graduation
from high school (including four-year adjusted cohort
graduation rates and extended-year adjusted cohort
graduation rates for such program) if funds under this
part are used for children in high schools;
‘‘(vii) in the case of a child with a disability, how
such program meets the objectives of the individualized
education program of the child, as described in section
614(d) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)); and

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‘‘(viii) information pertaining to parental rights
that includes written guidance—
‘‘(I) detailing the right that parents have to
have their child immediately removed from such
program upon their request;
‘‘(II) detailing the options that parents have
to decline to enroll their child in such program
or to choose another program or method of instruction, if available; and
‘‘(III) assisting parents in selecting among various programs and methods of instruction, if more
than 1 program or method is offered by the eligible
entity.
‘‘(B) SPECIAL RULE APPLICABLE DURING THE SCHOOL
YEAR.—For those children who have not been identified
as English learners prior to the beginning of the school
year but are identified as English learners during such
school year, the local educational agency shall notify the
children’s parents during the first 2 weeks of the child
being placed in a language instruction educational program
consistent with subparagraph (A).
‘‘(C) PARENTAL PARTICIPATION.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Each local educational agency
receiving funds under this part shall implement an
effective means of outreach to parents of English
learners to inform the parents regarding how the parents can—
‘‘(I) be involved in the education of their children; and
‘‘(II) be active participants in assisting their
children to—
‘‘(aa) attain English proficiency;
‘‘(bb) achieve at high levels within a wellrounded education; and
‘‘(cc) meet the challenging State academic
standards expected of all students.
‘‘(ii) REGULAR MEETINGS.—Implementing an effective means of outreach to parents under clause (i)
shall include holding, and sending notice of opportunities for, regular meetings for the purpose of formulating
and responding to recommendations from parents of
students assisted under this part or title III.
‘‘(D) BASIS FOR ADMISSION OR EXCLUSION.—A student
shall not be admitted to, or excluded from, any federally
assisted education program on the basis of a surname
or language-minority status.
‘‘(4) NOTICE AND FORMAT.—The notice and information provided to parents under this subsection shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable,
provided in a language that the parents can understand.’’.

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SEC. 1007. ELIGIBLE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS.

Section 1113 (20 U.S.C. 6313) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) RANKING ORDER.—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(A) RANKING.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), if funds allocated in accordance with subsection (c)
are insufficient to serve all eligible school attendance areas,
a local educational agency shall—
‘‘(i) annually rank, without regard to grade spans,
such agency’s eligible school attendance areas in which
the concentration of children from low-income families
exceeds 75 percent from highest to lowest according
to the percentage of children from low-income families;
and
‘‘(ii) serve such eligible school attendance areas
in rank order.
‘‘(B) EXCEPTION.—A local educational agency may lower
the threshold in subparagraph (A)(i) to 50 percent for high
schools served by such agency.’’; and
(B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
‘‘(5) MEASURES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), a local educational agency shall use the same measure
of poverty, which measure shall be the number of children
aged 5 through 17 in poverty counted in the most recent
census data approved by the Secretary, the number of
children eligible for a free or reduced price lunch under
the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42
U.S.C. 1751 et seq.), the number of children in families
receiving assistance under the State program funded under
part A of title IV of the Social Security Act, or the number
of children eligible to receive medical assistance under
the Medicaid Program, or a composite of such indicators,
with respect to all school attendance areas in the local
educational agency—
‘‘(i) to identify eligible school attendance areas;
‘‘(ii) to determine the ranking of each area; and
‘‘(iii) to determine allocations under subsection (c).
‘‘(B) SECONDARY SCHOOLS.—For measuring the number
of students in low-income families in secondary schools,
the local educational agency shall use the same measure
of poverty, which shall be—
‘‘(i) the measure described under subparagraph (A);
or
‘‘(ii) subject to meeting the conditions of subparagraph (C), an accurate estimate of the number of students in low-income families in a secondary school
that is calculated by applying the average percentage
of students in low-income families of the elementary
school attendance areas as calculated under subparagraph (A) that feed into the secondary school to the
number of students enrolled in such school.
‘‘(C) MEASURE OF POVERTY.—The local educational
agency shall have the option to use the measure of poverty
described in subparagraph (B)(ii) after—
‘‘(i) conducting outreach to secondary schools
within such agency to inform such schools of the option
to use such measure; and
‘‘(ii) a majority of such schools have approved the
use of such measure.’’;

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129 STAT. 1861

(2) in subsection (b)(1)(D)(i), by striking ‘‘section 1120A(c)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 1118(c)’’; and
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) RESERVATION OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency shall
reserve such funds as are necessary under this part, determined in accordance with subparagraphs (B) and (C), to
provide services comparable to those provided to children
in schools funded under this part to serve—
‘‘(i) homeless children and youths, including providing educationally related support services to children in shelters and other locations where children
may live;
‘‘(ii) children in local institutions for neglected children; and
‘‘(iii) if appropriate, children in local institutions
for delinquent children, and neglected or delinquent
children in community day programs.
‘‘(B) METHOD OF DETERMINATION.—The share of funds
determined under subparagraph (A) shall be determined—
‘‘(i) based on the total allocation received by the
local educational agency; and
‘‘(ii) prior to any allowable expenditures or transfers by the local educational agency.
‘‘(C) HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS.—Funds
reserved under subparagraph (A)(i) may be—
‘‘(i) determined based on a needs assessment of
homeless children and youths in the local educational
agency, taking into consideration the number and
needs of homeless children and youths in the local
educational agency, and which needs assessment may
be the same needs assessment as conducted under
section 723(b)(1) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11433(b)(1)); and
‘‘(ii) used to provide homeless children and youths
with services not ordinarily provided to other students
under this part, including providing—
‘‘(I) funding for the liaison designated pursuant to section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of such Act (42 U.S.C.
11432(g)(1)(J)(ii)); and
‘‘(II) transportation pursuant to section
722(g)(1)(J)(iii)
of
such
Act
(42
U.S.C.
11432(g)(1)(J)(iii)).’’;
(B) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘school improvement,
corrective action, and restructuring under section 1116(b)’’
and inserting ‘‘comprehensive support and improvement
activities or targeted support and improvement activities
under section 1111(d)’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5) EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION.—A local educational
agency may reserve funds made available to carry out this
section to provide early childhood education programs for
eligible children.’’.

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SEC. 1008. SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.

Section 1114 (20 U.S.C. 6314) is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(1) USE OF FUNDS FOR SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.—
‘‘(A) ELIGIBILITY.—A local educational agency may
consolidate and use funds under this part, together with
other Federal, State, and local funds, in order to upgrade
the entire educational program of a school that serves
an eligible school attendance area in which not less than
40 percent of the children are from low-income families,
or not less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in
the school are from such families.
‘‘(B) EXCEPTION.—A school that serves an eligible
school attendance area in which less than 40 percent of
the children are from low-income families, or a school for
which less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in
the school are from such families, may operate a schoolwide
program under this section if the school receives a waiver
from the State educational agency to do so, after taking
into account how a schoolwide program will best serve
the needs of the students in the school served under this
part in improving academic achievement and other factors.
‘‘(2) IDENTIFICATION OF STUDENTS NOT REQUIRED.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—No school participating in a
schoolwide program shall be required to identify—
‘‘(i) particular children under this part as eligible
to participate in a schoolwide program; or
‘‘(ii) individual services as supplementary.
‘‘(B) SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS.—In accordance with the
method of determination described in section 1118(b)(2),
a school participating in a schoolwide program shall use
funds available to carry out this section only to supplement
the amount of funds that would, in the absence of funds
under this part, be made available from non-Federal
sources for the school, including funds needed to provide
services that are required by law for children with disabilities and English learners.
‘‘(3) EXEMPTION FROM STATUTORY AND REGULATORY
REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(A) EXEMPTION.—Except as provided in paragraph (2),
the Secretary may, through publication of a notice in the
Federal Register, exempt schoolwide programs under this
section from statutory or regulatory provisions of any other
noncompetitive formula grant program administered by the
Secretary (other than formula or discretionary grant programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), except as provided in section
613(a)(2)(D) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1413(a)(2)(D))), or any
discretionary grant program administered by the Secretary,
to support schoolwide programs if the intent and purposes
of such other programs are met.
‘‘(B) REQUIREMENTS.—A school that chooses to use
funds from such other programs shall not be relieved of
the requirements relating to health, safety, civil rights,
student and parental participation and involvement, services to private school children, comparability of services,

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129 STAT. 1863

maintenance of effort, uses of Federal funds to supplement,
not supplant non-Federal funds (in accordance with the
method of determination described in section 1118(b)(2)),
or the distribution of funds to State educational agencies
or local educational agencies that apply to the receipt of
funds from such programs.
‘‘(C) RECORDS.—A school that chooses to consolidate
and use funds from different Federal programs under this
section shall not be required to maintain separate fiscal
accounting records, by program, that identify the specific
activities supported by those particular funds as long as
the school maintains records that demonstrate that the
schoolwide program, considered as a whole, addresses the
intent and purposes of each of the Federal programs that
were consolidated to support the schoolwide program.’’;
(2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAM PLAN.—An eligible school operating
a schoolwide program shall develop a comprehensive plan (or amend
a plan for such a program that was in existence on the day before
the date of the enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act)
that—
‘‘(1) is developed during a 1-year period, unless—
‘‘(A) the local educational agency determines, in consultation with the school, that less time is needed to develop
and implement the schoolwide program; or
‘‘(B) the school is operating a schoolwide program on
the day before the date of the enactment of the Every
Student Succeeds Act, in which case such school may continue to operate such program, but shall develop amendments to its existing plan during the first year of assistance
after that date to reflect the provisions of this section;
‘‘(2) is developed with the involvement of parents and other
members of the community to be served and individuals who
will carry out such plan, including teachers, principals, other
school leaders, paraprofessionals present in the school, administrators (including administrators of programs described in other
parts of this title), the local educational agency, to the extent
feasible, tribes and tribal organizations present in the community, and, if appropriate, specialized instructional support personnel, technical assistance providers, school staff, if the plan
relates to a secondary school, students, and other individuals
determined by the school;
‘‘(3) remains in effect for the duration of the school’s participation under this part, except that the plan and its implementation shall be regularly monitored and revised as necessary
based on student needs to ensure that all students are provided
opportunities to meet the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(4) is available to the local educational agency, parents,
and the public, and the information contained in such plan
shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to
the extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents
can understand; and
‘‘(5) if appropriate and applicable, is developed in coordination and integration with other Federal, State, and local services, resources, and programs, such as programs supported

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
under this Act, violence prevention programs, nutrition programs, housing programs, Head Start programs, adult education programs, career and technical education programs, and
schools implementing comprehensive support and improvement
activities or targeted support and improvement activities under
section 1111(d);
‘‘(6) is based on a comprehensive needs assessment of the
entire school that takes into account information on the academic achievement of children in relation to the challenging
State academic standards, particularly the needs of those children who are failing, or are at-risk of failing, to meet the
challenging State academic standards and any other factors
as determined by the local educational agency; and
‘‘(7) includes a description of—
‘‘(A) the strategies that the school will be implementing
to address school needs, including a description of how
such strategies will—
‘‘(i) provide opportunities for all children, including
each of the subgroups of students (as defined in section
1111(c)(2)) to meet the challenging State academic
standards;
‘‘(ii) use methods and instructional strategies that
strengthen the academic program in the school,
increase the amount and quality of learning time, and
help provide an enriched and accelerated curriculum,
which may include programs, activities, and courses
necessary to provide a well-rounded education; and
‘‘(iii) address the needs of all children in the school,
but particularly the needs of those at risk of not
meeting the challenging State academic standards,
through activities which may include—
‘‘(I) counseling, school-based mental health
programs, specialized instructional support services, mentoring services, and other strategies to
improve students’ skills outside the academic subject areas;
‘‘(II) preparation for and awareness of
opportunities for postsecondary education and the
workforce, which may include career and technical
education programs and broadening secondary
school students’ access to coursework to earn postsecondary credit while still in high school (such
as Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, dual or concurrent enrollment, or early
college high schools);
‘‘(III) implementation of a schoolwide tiered
model to prevent and address problem behavior,
and early intervening services, coordinated with
similar activities and services carried out under
the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
‘‘(IV) professional development and other
activities for teachers, paraprofessionals, and other
school personnel to improve instruction and use
of data from academic assessments, and to recruit
and retain effective teachers, particularly in highneed subjects; and

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129 STAT. 1865

‘‘(V) strategies for assisting preschool children
in the transition from early childhood education
programs to local elementary school programs; and
‘‘(B) if programs are consolidated, the specific State
educational agency and local educational agency programs
and other Federal programs that will be consolidated in
the schoolwide program.’’;
(3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS.—A school that operates a
schoolwide program under this section may use funds available
under this part to establish or enhance preschool programs for
children who are under 6 years of age.
‘‘(d) DELIVERY OF SERVICES.—The services of a schoolwide program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit or forprofit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based
or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.
‘‘(e) USE OF FUNDS FOR DUAL OR CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT
PROGRAMS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A secondary school operating a
schoolwide program under this section may use funds received
under this part to operate dual or concurrent enrollment programs that address the needs of low-achieving secondary school
students and those at risk of not meeting the challenging
State academic standards.
‘‘(2) FLEXIBILITY OF FUNDS.—A secondary school using funds
received under this part for a dual or concurrent enrollment
program described in paragraph (1) may use such funds for
any of the costs associated with such program, including the
costs of—
‘‘(A) training for teachers, and joint professional
development for teachers in collaboration with career and
technical educators and educators from institutions of
higher education, where appropriate, for the purpose of
integrating rigorous academics in such program;
‘‘(B) tuition and fees, books, required instructional
materials for such program, and innovative delivery
methods; and
‘‘(C) transportation to and from such program.
‘‘(3) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this subsection
shall be construed to impose on any State any requirement
or rule regarding dual or concurrent enrollment programs that
is inconsistent with State law.’’.

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SEC. 1009. TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS.

Section 1115 (20 U.S.C. 6315) is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—In all schools selected to receive funds under
section 1113(c) that are ineligible for a schoolwide program under
section 1114, have not received a waiver under section 1114(a)(1)(B)
to operate such a schoolwide program, or choose not to operate
such a schoolwide program, a local educational agency serving
such school may use funds received under this part only for programs that provide services to eligible children under subsection
(c) identified as having the greatest need for special assistance.’’;
(2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections
(c) and (b), respectively, and moving those redesignated subsections so as to appear in alphabetical order;

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(3) by striking subsection (b), as redesignated by paragraph
(2), and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOL PROGRAM.—To assist targeted assistance schools and local educational agencies to meet
their responsibility to provide for all their students served under
this part the opportunity to meet the challenging State academic
standards, each targeted assistance program under this section
shall—
‘‘(1) determine which students will be served;
‘‘(2) serve participating students identified as eligible children under subsection (c), including by—
‘‘(A) using resources under this part to help eligible
children meet the challenging State academic standards,
which may include programs, activities, and academic
courses necessary to provide a well-rounded education;
‘‘(B) using methods and instructional strategies to
strengthen the academic program of the school through
activities, which may include—
‘‘(i) expanded learning time, before- and afterschool programs, and summer programs and opportunities; and
‘‘(ii) a schoolwide tiered model to prevent and
address behavior problems, and early intervening services, coordinated with similar activities and services
carried out under the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
‘‘(C) coordinating with and supporting the regular education program, which may include services to assist preschool children in the transition from early childhood education programs such as Head Start, the literacy program
under subpart 2 of part B of title II, or State-run preschool
programs to elementary school programs;
‘‘(D) providing professional development with resources
provided under this part, and, to the extent practicable,
from other sources, to teachers, principals, other school
leaders, paraprofessionals, and, if appropriate, specialized
instructional support personnel, and other school personnel
who work with eligible children in programs under this
section or in the regular education program;
‘‘(E) implementing strategies to increase the involvement of parents of eligible children in accordance with
section 1116; and
‘‘(F) if appropriate and applicable, coordinating and
integrating Federal, State, and local services and programs,
such as programs supported under this Act, violence
prevention programs, nutrition programs, housing programs, Head Start programs, adult education programs,
career and technical education programs, and comprehensive support and improvement activities or targeted support
and improvement activities under section 1111(d); and
‘‘(G) provide to the local educational agency assurances
that the school will—
‘‘(i) help provide an accelerated, high-quality curriculum;
‘‘(ii) minimize the removal of children from the
regular classroom during regular school hours for
instruction provided under this part; and

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129 STAT. 1867

‘‘(iii) on an ongoing basis, review the progress of
eligible children and revise the targeted assistance program under this section, if necessary, to provide additional assistance to enable such children to meet the
challenging State academic standards.’’;
(4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (2)—
(A) in paragraph (1)(B)—
(i) by striking ‘‘the State’s challenging student academic achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘the challenging State academic standards’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘such criteria as teacher judgment,
interviews with parents, and developmentally appropriate measures’’ and inserting ‘‘criteria, including
objective criteria, established by the local educational
agency and supplemented by the school’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘limited
English proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English
learners’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B)—
(I) by striking the heading and inserting ‘‘HEAD
START AND PRESCHOOL CHILDREN’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘Head Start, Even Start, or
Early Reading First program,’’ and inserting ‘‘Head
Start program, the literacy program under subpart
2 of part B of title II,’’; and
(iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the heading
and inserting ‘‘MIGRANT CHILDREN’’;
(5) in subsection (e)—
(A) in paragraph (2)(B)—
(i) by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end of clause (ii);
(ii) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (v); and
(iii) by inserting after clause (ii) the following new
clauses:
‘‘(iii) family support and engagement services;
‘‘(iv) integrated student supports; and’’; and
(iv) in clause (v), as redesignated by clause (iii),
by striking ‘‘pupil services’’ and inserting ‘‘specialized
instructional support’’; and
(B) by striking paragraph (3); and
(6) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(f) USE OF FUNDS FOR DUAL OR CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT
PROGRAMS.—A secondary school operating a targeted assistance
program under this section may use funds received under this
part to provide dual or concurrent enrollment program services
described under section 1114(e) to eligible children under subsection
(c)(1)(B) who are identified as having the greatest need for special
assistance.
‘‘(g) PROHIBITION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed
to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or employee of
the Federal Government to require a local educational agency or
school to submit the results of a comprehensive needs assessment
or plan under section 1114(b), or a program described in subsection
(b), for review or approval by the Secretary.
‘‘(h) DELIVERY OF SERVICES.—The services of a targeted assistance program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit

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or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidencebased or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.’’.
SEC. 1010. PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT.

Section 1116, as redesignated by section 1000(2), is amended—
(1) in the section heading, by striking ‘‘PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT’’ and inserting ‘‘PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT’’;
(2) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘conducts outreach to all parents
and family members and’’ after ‘‘only if such agency’’;
and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after ‘‘and
procedures for the involvement of parents’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—
(I) by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after
‘‘, and distribute to, parents’’;
(II) by striking ‘‘written parent involvement
policy’’ and inserting ‘‘written parent and family
engagement policy’’; and
(III) by striking ‘‘expectations for parent
involvement’’ and inserting ‘‘expectations and
objectives for meaningful parent and family
involvement’’; and
(ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) through (F) and
inserting the following:
‘‘(A) involve parents and family members in jointly
developing the local educational agency plan under section
1112, and the development of support and improvement
plans under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1111(d).
‘‘(B) provide the coordination, technical assistance, and
other support necessary to assist and build the capacity
of all participating schools within the local educational
agency in planning and implementing effective parent and
family involvement activities to improve student academic
achievement and school performance, which may include
meaningful consultation with employers, business leaders,
and philanthropic organizations, or individuals with expertise in effectively engaging parents and family members
in education;
‘‘(C) coordinate and integrate parent and family
engagement strategies under this part with parent and
family engagement strategies, to the extent feasible and
appropriate, with other relevant Federal, State, and local
laws and programs;
‘‘(D) conduct, with the meaningful involvement of parents and family members, an annual evaluation of the
content and effectiveness of the parent and family engagement policy in improving the academic quality of all schools
served under this part, including identifying—
‘‘(i) barriers to greater participation by parents
in activities authorized by this section (with particular
attention to parents who are economically disadvantaged, are disabled, have limited English proficiency,
have limited literacy, or are of any racial or ethnic
minority background);

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20 USC 6318.

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‘‘(ii) the needs of parents and family members to
assist with the learning of their children, including
engaging with school personnel and teachers; and
‘‘(iii) strategies to support successful school and
family interactions;
‘‘(E) use the findings of such evaluation in subparagraph (D) to design evidence-based strategies for more
effective parental involvement, and to revise, if necessary,
the parent and family engagement policies described in
this section; and
‘‘(F) involve parents in the activities of the schools
served under this part, which may include establishing
a parent advisory board comprised of a sufficient number
and representative group of parents or family members
served by the local educational agency to adequately represent the needs of the population served by such agency
for the purposes of developing, revising, and reviewing
the parent and family engagement policy.’’; and
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each local educational agency shall
reserve at least 1 percent of its allocation under subpart
2 to assist schools to carry out the activities described
in this section, except that this subparagraph shall not
apply if 1 percent of such agency’s allocation under subpart
2 for the fiscal year for which the determination is made
is $5,000 or less. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be
construed to limit local educational agencies from reserving
more than 1 percent of its allocation under subpart 2
to assist schools to carry out activities described in this
section.’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘(B) PARENTAL
INPUT.—Parents of children’’ and inserting ‘‘(B) PARENT
AND FAMILY MEMBER INPUT.—Parents and family members of children’’;
(iii) in subparagraph (C)—
(I) by striking ‘‘95 percent’’ and inserting ‘‘90
percent’’; and
(II) by inserting ‘‘, with priority given to highneed schools’’ after ‘‘schools served under this
part’’; and
(iv) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(D) USE OF FUNDS.—Funds reserved under subparagraph (A) by a local educational agency shall be used
to carry out activities and strategies consistent with the
local educational agency’s parent and family engagement
policy, including not less than 1 of the following:
‘‘(i) Supporting schools and nonprofit organizations
in providing professional development for local educational agency and school personnel regarding parent
and family engagement strategies, which may be provided jointly to teachers, principals, other school
leaders, specialized instructional support personnel,
paraprofessionals, early childhood educators, and parents and family members.

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‘‘(ii) Supporting programs that reach parents and
family members at home, in the community, and at
school.
‘‘(iii) Disseminating information on best practices
focused on parent and family engagement, especially
best practices for increasing the engagement of
economically disadvantaged parents and family members.
‘‘(iv) Collaborating, or providing subgrants to
schools to enable such schools to collaborate, with
community-based or other organizations or employers
with a record of success in improving and increasing
parent and family engagement.
‘‘(v) Engaging in any other activities and strategies
that the local educational agency determines are appropriate and consistent with such agency’s parent and
family engagement policy.’’;
(3) in subsection (b)—
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘‘PARENTAL
INVOLVEMENT POLICY’’ and inserting ‘‘PARENT AND FAMILY
ENGAGEMENT POLICY’’;
(B) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after ‘‘distribute to, parents’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘written parental involvement
policy’’ and inserting ‘‘written parent and family
engagement policy’’;
(C) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘parental involvement policy’’ and
inserting ‘‘parent and family engagement policy’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after ‘‘that
applies to all parents’’; and
(D) in paragraph (3)—
(i) by striking ‘‘parental involvement policy’’ and
inserting ‘‘parent and family engagement policy’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘and family members in all schools
served by the local educational agency’’ after ‘‘policy
that applies to all parents’’;
(4) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (3)—
(i) by striking ‘‘parental involvement policy’’ and
inserting ‘‘parent and family engagement policy’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘1114(b)(2)’’ and inserting ‘‘1114(b)’’;
(B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ‘‘the proficiency
levels students are expected to meet’’ and inserting ‘‘the
achievement levels of the challenging State academic standards’’; and
(C) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘1114(b)(2)’’ and
inserting ‘‘1114(b)’’;
(5) in subsection (d)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘parental involvement policy’’ and inserting ‘‘parent and
family engagement policy’’;
(B) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking ‘‘the State’s student academic
achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘the challenging
State academic standards’’; and

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129 STAT. 1871

(ii) by striking ‘‘, such as monitoring attendance,
homework completion, and television watching’’; and
(C) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period
and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(D) ensuring regular two-way, meaningful communication between family members and school staff, and, to
the extent practicable, in a language that family members
can understand.’’;
(6) in subsection (e)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘the State’s academic
content standards and State student academic achievement
standards’’ and inserting ‘‘the challenging State academic
standards’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘technology’’ and
inserting ‘‘technology (including education about the harms
of copyright piracy)’’;
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘pupil services personnel, principals’’ and inserting ‘‘specialized instructional
support personnel, principals, and other school leaders’’;
and
(D) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘Head Start, Reading
First, Early Reading First, Even Start, the Home Instruction Programs for Preschool Youngsters, the Parents as
Teachers Program, and public preschool and other programs,’’ and inserting ‘‘other Federal, State, and local programs, including public preschool programs,’’;
(7) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
‘‘(f) ACCESSIBILITY.—In carrying out the parent and family
engagement requirements of this part, local educational agencies
and schools, to the extent practicable, shall provide opportunities
for the informed participation of parents and family members
(including parents and family members who have limited English
proficiency, parents and family members with disabilities, and parents and family members of migratory children), including providing
information and school reports required under section 1111 in a
format and, to the extent practicable, in a language such parents
understand.’’;
(8) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS.—In a State
operating a program under part E of title IV, each local educational
agency or school that receives assistance under this part shall
inform parents and organizations of the existence of the program.’’;
and
(9) in subsection (h), by striking ‘‘parental involvement
policies’’ and inserting ‘‘parent and family engagement policies’’.

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SEC. 1011. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE
SCHOOLS.

Section 1117, as redesignated by section 1000(3), is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—To the extent consistent with the number
of eligible children identified under section 1115(c) in the school
district served by a local educational agency who are enrolled
in private elementary schools and secondary schools, a local
educational agency shall—
‘‘(A) after timely and meaningful consultation with
appropriate private school officials, provide such children,
on an equitable basis and individually or in combination,
as requested by the officials to best meet the needs of
such children, special educational services, instructional
services (including evaluations to determine the progress
being made in meeting such students’ academic needs),
counseling, mentoring, one-on-one tutoring, or other benefits under this part (such as dual or concurrent enrollment,
educational radio and television, computer equipment and
materials, other technology, and mobile educational services and equipment) that address their needs; and
‘‘(B) ensure that teachers and families of the children
participate, on an equitable basis, in services and activities
developed pursuant to section 1116.’’;
(B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) EQUITY.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Educational services and other
benefits for such private school children shall be equitable
in comparison to services and other benefits for public
school children participating under this part, and shall
be provided in a timely manner.
‘‘(B) OMBUDSMAN.—To help ensure such equity for such
private school children, teachers, and other educational
personnel, the State educational agency involved shall designate an ombudsman to monitor and enforce the requirements of this part.’’;
(C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
‘‘(4) EXPENDITURES.—
‘‘(A) DETERMINATION.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Expenditures for educational
services and other benefits to eligible private school
children shall be equal to the proportion of funds allocated to participating school attendance areas based
on the number of children from low-income families
who attend private schools.
‘‘(ii) PROPORTIONAL SHARE.—The proportional
share of funds shall be determined based on the total
amount of funds received by the local educational
agency under this part prior to any allowable expenditures or transfers by the local educational agency.
‘‘(B) OBLIGATION OF FUNDS.—Funds allocated to a local
educational agency for educational services and other benefits to eligible private school children shall be obligated
in the fiscal year for which the funds are received by
the agency.
‘‘(C) NOTICE OF ALLOCATION.—Each State educational
agency shall provide notice in a timely manner to the
appropriate private school officials in the State of the

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129 STAT. 1873

allocation of funds for educational services and other benefits under this part that the local educational agencies
have determined are available for eligible private school
children.
‘‘(D) TERM OF DETERMINATION.—The local educational
agency may determine the equitable share under subparagraph (A) each year or every 2 years.’’; and
(D) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘agency’’ and inserting
‘‘agency, or, in a case described in subsection (b)(6)(C),
the State educational agency involved,’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘part,’’ and inserting ‘‘part. Such agency and
private school officials shall both have the goal of
reaching agreement on how to provide equitable and
effective programs for eligible private school children,
the results of which agreement shall be transmitted
to the ombudsman designated under subsection
(a)(3)(B). Such process shall include consultation’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (E)—
(I) by striking ‘‘and’’ before ‘‘the proportion
of funds’’;
(II) by striking ‘‘(a)(4)’’ and inserting ‘‘(a)(4)(A)’’
; and
(III) by inserting ‘‘, and how that proportion
of funds is determined’’ after ‘‘such services’’;
(iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(iv) in subparagraph (H), by striking the period
at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
(v) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(I) whether the agency shall provide services directly
or through a separate government agency, consortium,
entity, or third-party contractor;
‘‘(J) whether to provide equitable services to eligible
private school children—
‘‘(i) by creating a pool or pools of funds with all
of the funds allocated under subsection (a)(4)(A) based
on all the children from low-income families in a
participating school attendance area who attend private schools; or
‘‘(ii) in the agency’s participating school attendance
area who attend private schools with the proportion
of funds allocated under subsection (a)(4)(A) based on
the number of children from low-income families who
attend private schools;
‘‘(K) when, including the approximate time of day, services will be provided; and
‘‘(L) whether to consolidate and use funds provided
under subsection (a)(4) in coordination with eligible funds
available for services to private school children under
applicable programs, as defined in section 8501(b)(1)to provide services to eligible private school children participating
in programs.’’;
(B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as
paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
(C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) DISAGREEMENT.—If a local educational agency disagrees with the views of private school officials with respect
to an issue described in paragraph (1), the local educational
agency shall provide in writing to such private school officials
the reasons why the local educational agency disagrees.’’;
(D) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by subparagraph
(B))—
(i) by inserting ‘‘meaningful’’ before ‘‘consultation’’
in the first sentence;
(ii) by inserting ‘‘The written affirmation shall provide the option for private school officials to indicate
such officials’ belief that timely and meaningful consultation has not occurred or that the program design
is not equitable with respect to eligible private school
children.’’ after ‘‘occurred.’’; and
(iii) by striking ‘‘has taken place’’ and inserting
‘‘has, or attempts at such consultation have, taken
place’’; and
(E) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated by subparagraph
(B))—
(i) in subparagraph (A)—
(I) by striking ‘‘right to complain to’’ and
inserting ‘‘right to file a complaint with’’;
(II) by inserting ‘‘asserting’’ after ‘‘State educational agency’’;
(III) by striking ‘‘or’’ before ‘‘did not give due
consideration’’; and
(IV) by inserting ‘‘, or did not make a decision
that treats the private school students equitably
as required by this section’’ before the period at
the end;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘to complain,’’
and inserting ‘‘to file a complaint,’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(C) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—A State educational agency shall provide services under this section
directly or through contracts with public or private agencies, organizations, or institutions, if the appropriate private school officials have—
‘‘(i) requested that the State educational agency
provide such services directly; and
‘‘(ii) demonstrated that the local educational
agency involved has not met the requirements of this
section in accordance with the procedures for making
such a request, as prescribed by the State educational
agency.’’;
(3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ‘‘section 9505’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 8503’’; and
(4) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ‘‘sections 9503 and 9504’’
and inserting ‘‘sections 8503 and 8504’’.

SEC. 1012. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

Section 1118, as redesignated by section 1000(4), is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘section 9521’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 8521’’; and
(2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

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20 USC 6321.

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129 STAT. 1875

‘‘(b) FEDERAL FUNDS TO SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT, NONFEDERAL FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency or local educational agency shall use Federal funds received under this
part only to supplement the funds that would, in the absence
of such Federal funds, be made available from State and local
sources for the education of students participating in programs
assisted under this part, and not to supplant such funds.
‘‘(2) COMPLIANCE.—To demonstrate compliance with paragraph (1), a local educational agency shall demonstrate that
the methodology used to allocate State and local funds to each
school receiving assistance under this part ensures that such
school receives all of the State and local funds it would otherwise receive if it were not receiving assistance under this part.
‘‘(3) SPECIAL RULE.—No local educational agency shall be
required to—
‘‘(A) identify that an individual cost or service supported under this part is supplemental; or
‘‘(B) provide services under this part through a particular instructional method or in a particular instructional
setting in order to demonstrate such agency’s compliance
with paragraph (1).
‘‘(4) PROHIBITION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize or permit the Secretary to prescribe the
specific methodology a local educational agency uses to allocate
State and local funds to each school receiving assistance under
this part.
‘‘(5) TIMELINE.—A local educational agency—
‘‘(A) shall meet the compliance requirement under
paragraph (2) not later than 2 years after the date of
enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act; and
‘‘(B) may demonstrate compliance with the requirement
under paragraph (1) before the end of such 2-year period
using the method such local educational agency used on
the day before the date of enactment of the Every Student
Succeeds Act.’’.

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SEC. 1013. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

Section 1119, as redesignated by section 1000(5), is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking ‘‘such as the Early Reading First program’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new sentence:
‘‘Each local educational agency shall develop agreements
with such Head Start agencies and other entities to carry
out such activities.’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘early childhood development programs, such as the Early
Reading First program,’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood
education programs’’;
(B) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘early childhood
development program such as the Early Reading First program’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood education program’’;
(C) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘early childhood
development programs such as the Early Reading First

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
program’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood education programs’’;
(D) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘early childhood
development programs such as the Early Reading First
program’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood education programs’’;
(E) in paragraph (4)—
(i) by striking ‘‘Early Reading First program staff,’’;
and
(ii) by striking ‘‘early childhood development program’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood education program’’; and
(F) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘and entities carrying
out Early Reading First programs’’.

SEC. 1014. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY
OF THE INTERIOR.

Section 1121 (20 U.S.C. 6331) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1121. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY
OF THE INTERIOR.

‘‘(a) RESERVATION OF FUNDS.—Subject to subsection (e), from
the amount appropriated for payments to States for any fiscal
year under section 1002(a), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) reserve 0.4 percent to provide assistance to the outlying
areas in accordance with subsection (b); and
‘‘(2) reserve 0.7 percent to provide assistance to the Secretary of the Interior in accordance with subsection (d).
‘‘(b) ASSISTANCE TO OUTLYING AREAS.—
‘‘(1) FUNDS RESERVED.—From the amount made available
for any fiscal year under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) first reserve $1,000,000 for the Republic of Palau,
until Palau enters into an agreement for extension of
United States educational assistance under the Compact
of Free Association, and subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may establish, except that Public
Law 95–134, permitting the consolidation of grants, shall
not apply; and
‘‘(B) use the remaining funds to award grants to the
outlying areas in accordance with paragraphs (2) through
(5).
‘‘(2) AMOUNT OF GRANTS.—The Secretary shall allocate the
amount available under paragraph (1)(B) to the outlying areas
in proportion to their relative numbers of children, aged 5
to 17, inclusive, from families below the poverty level, on the
basis of the most recent satisfactory data available from the
Department of Commerce.
‘‘(3) HOLD-HARMLESS AMOUNTS.—For each fiscal year, the
amount made available to each outlying area under this subsection shall be—
‘‘(A) not less than 95 percent of the amount made
available for the preceding fiscal year if the number of
children counted under paragraph (2) is not less than 30
percent of the total number of children aged 5 to 17 years,
inclusive, in the outlying area;
‘‘(B) not less than 90 percent of the amount made
available for the preceding fiscal year if the percentage

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129 STAT. 1877

described in subparagraph (A) is between 15 percent and
30 percent; and
‘‘(C) not less than 85 percent of the amount made
available for the preceding fiscal year if the percentage
described in subparagraph (A) is below 15 percent.
‘‘(4) RATABLE REDUCTIONS.—If the amount made available
under paragraph (1)(B) for any fiscal year is insufficient to
pay the full amounts that the outlying areas are eligible to
receive under paragraphs (2) and (3) for that fiscal year, the
Secretary shall ratably reduce those amounts.
‘‘(5) USES.—Grant funds awarded under paragraph (1)(A)
may be used only—
‘‘(A) for programs described in this Act, including
teacher training, curriculum development, instructional
materials, or general school improvement and reform; and
‘‘(B) to provide direct educational services that assist
all students with meeting the challenging State academic
standards.
‘‘(c) DEFINITIONS.—For the purpose of this section, the term
‘outlying area’ means the United States Virgin Islands, Guam,
American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana
Islands.
‘‘(d) ALLOTMENT TO THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The amount allotted for payments to
the Secretary of the Interior under subsection (a)(2) for any
fiscal year shall be used, in accordance with such criteria as
the Secretary may establish, to meet the unique educational
needs of—
‘‘(A) Indian children on reservations served by
elementary schools and secondary schools for Indian children operated or supported by the Department of the
Interior; and
‘‘(B) out-of-State Indian children in elementary schools
and secondary schools in local educational agencies under
special contracts with the Department of the Interior.
‘‘(2) PAYMENTS.—From the amount allotted for payments
to the Secretary of the Interior under subsection (a)(2), the
Secretary of the Interior shall make payments to local educational agencies, on such terms as the Secretary determines
will best carry out the purposes of this part, with respect
to out-of-State Indian children described in paragraph (1). The
amount of such payment may not exceed, for each such child,
the greater of—
‘‘(A) 40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure
in the State in which the agency is located; or
‘‘(B) 48 percent of such expenditure in the United
States.
‘‘(e) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY.—If, by reason of the application of subsection (a) for any fiscal year, the total amount available
for allocation to all States under this part would be less than
the amount allocated to all States for fiscal year 2016 under this
part, the Secretary shall provide assistance to the outlying areas
and the Secretary of the Interior in accordance with this section,
as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Every
Student Succeeds Act.’’.

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SEC. 1015. ALLOCATIONS TO STATES.

Section 1122(a) (20 U.S.C. 6332(a)) is amended—
(1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘2002–2007’’ and inserting ‘‘2017–2020’’; and
(2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount, if
any, by which the total amount made available under this
subsection for the current fiscal year for which the determination is made exceeds the total amount available to carry out
sections 1124 and 1124A for fiscal year 2001 shall be used
to carry out sections 1125 and 1125A and such amount shall
be divided equally between sections 1125 and 1125A.’’.
SEC. 1016. ADEQUACY OF FUNDING RULE.

Section 1125AA (20 U.S.C. 6336) is amended by striking the
section heading and all that follows through ‘‘Pursuant’’ and
inserting the following: ‘‘ADEQUACY OF FUNDING TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES IN FISCAL YEARS AFTER FISCAL YEAR 2001.—
Pursuant’’.

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SEC. 1017. EDUCATION FINANCE INCENTIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

Section 1125A (20 U.S.C. 6337) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘funds appropriated under
subsection (f)’’ and inserting ‘‘funds made available under section 1122(a)’’;
(2) in subsection (b)(1)—
(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘appropriated
pursuant to subsection (f)’’ and inserting ‘‘made available
for any fiscal year to carry out this section’’; and
(B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ‘‘total appropriations’’ and inserting ‘‘the total amount reserved under section 1122(a) to carry out this section’’;
(3) in subsection (c), by redesignating subparagraphs (A)
and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;
(4) in subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii), by striking ‘‘clause ‘‘(i)’’ and
inserting ‘‘clause (i)’’;
(5) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
‘‘(e) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State is entitled to receive its full
allotment of funds under this section for any fiscal year if
the Secretary finds that the State’s fiscal effort per student
or the aggregate expenditures of the State with respect to
the provision of free public education by the State for the
preceding fiscal year was not less than 90 percent of the fiscal
effort or aggregate expenditures for the second preceding fiscal
year, subject to the requirements of paragraph (2).
‘‘(2) REDUCTION IN CASE OF FAILURE TO MEET.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall reduce the
amount of the allotment of funds under this section for
any fiscal year in the exact proportion by which a State
fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by falling
below 90 percent of both the fiscal effort per student and
aggregate expenditures (using the measure most favorable
to the State), if such State has also failed to meet such
requirement (as determined using the measure most favorable to the State) for 1 or more of the 5 immediately
preceding fiscal years.

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‘‘(B) SPECIAL RULE.—No such lesser amount shall be
used for computing the effort required under paragraph
(1) for subsequent years.
‘‘(3) WAIVER.—The Secretary may waive the requirements
of this subsection if the Secretary determines that a waiver
would be equitable due to—
‘‘(A) exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, such
as a natural disaster or a change in the organizational
structure of the State; or
‘‘(B) a precipitous decline in the financial resources
of the State.’’;
(6) by striking subsection (f);
(7) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f); and
(8) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (7)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘under this section’’
and inserting ‘‘to carry out this section’’; and
(B) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘shall be’’ and inserting ‘‘shall be—
’’.

PART B—STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS
SEC. 1201. STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS.

Part B of title I (20 U.S.C. 6361 et seq.) is amended to read
as follows:

‘‘PART B—STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS

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‘‘SEC. 1201. GRANTS FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES.

20 USC 6361.

‘‘(a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—From amounts made available in
accordance with section 1203, the Secretary shall make grants
to State educational agencies to enable the States to carry out
1 or more of the following:
‘‘(1) To pay the costs of the development of the State
assessments and standards adopted under section 1111(b),
which may include the costs of working in voluntary partnerships with other States, at the sole discretion of each such
State.
‘‘(2) If a State has developed the assessments adopted
under section 1111(b), to administer those assessments or to
carry out other assessment activities described in this part,
such as the following:
‘‘(A) Ensuring the provision of appropriate accommodations available to English learners and children with
disabilities to improve the rates of inclusion in regular
assessments of such children, including professional
development activities to improve the implementation of
such accommodations in instructional practice.
‘‘(B) Developing challenging State academic standards
and aligned assessments in academic subjects for which
standards and assessments are not required under section
1111(b).

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‘‘(C) Developing or improving assessments for English
learners, including assessments of English language proficiency as required under section 1111(b)(2)(G) and academic assessments in languages other than English to meet
the State’s obligations under section 1111(b)(2)(F).
‘‘(D) Ensuring the continued validity and reliability
of State assessments.
‘‘(E) Refining State assessments to ensure their continued alignment with the challenging State academic standards and to improve the alignment of curricula and instructional materials.
‘‘(F) Developing or improving balanced assessment systems that include summative, interim, and formative
assessments, including supporting local educational agencies in developing or improving such assessments.
‘‘(G) At the discretion of the State, refining science
assessments required under section 1111(b)(2) in order to
integrate engineering design skills and practices into such
assessments.
‘‘(H) Developing or improving models to measure and
assess student progress or student growth on State assessments under section 1111(b)(2) and other assessments not
required under section 1111(b)(2).
‘‘(I) Developing or improving assessments for children
with disabilities, including alternate assessments aligned
to alternate academic achievement standards for students
with the most significant cognitive disabilities described
in section 1111(b)(2)(D), and using the principles of universal design for learning.
‘‘(J) Allowing for collaboration with institutions of
higher education, other research institutions, or other
organizations to improve the quality, validity, and reliability of State academic assessments beyond the requirements for such assessments described in section 1111(b)(2).
‘‘(K) Measuring student academic achievement using
multiple measures of student academic achievement from
multiple sources.
‘‘(L) Evaluating student academic achievement through
the development of comprehensive academic assessment
instruments (such as performance and technology-based
academic assessments, computer adaptive assessments,
projects, or extended performance task assessments) that
emphasize the mastery of standards and aligned competencies in a competency-based education model.
‘‘(M) Designing the report cards and reports under
section 1111(h) in an easily accessible, user friendlymanner that cross-tabulates student information by any
category the State determines appropriate, as long as such
cross-tabulation—
‘‘(i) does not reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student; and
‘‘(ii) is derived from existing State and local
reporting requirements.
‘‘(b) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in subsection (a)(2)(M)
shall be construed as authorizing, requiring, or allowing any additional reporting requirements, data elements, or information to

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be reported to the Secretary unless such reporting, data, or information is explicitly authorized under this Act.
‘‘(c) ANNUAL REPORT.—Each State educational agency receiving
a grant under this section shall submit an annual report to the
Secretary describing the State’s activities under the grant and
the result of such activities.

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‘‘SEC. 1202. STATE OPTION TO CONDUCT ASSESSMENT SYSTEM AUDIT.

20 USC 6362.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved under section
1203(a)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall make grants to
States to enable the States to—
‘‘(1) in the case of a grant awarded under this section
to a State for the first time—
‘‘(A) audit State assessment systems and ensure that
local educational agencies audit local assessments under
subsection (e)(1);
‘‘(B) execute the State plan under subsection (e)(3)(D);
and
‘‘(C) award subgrants under subsection (f); and
‘‘(2) in the case of a grant awarded under this section
to a State that has previously received a grant under this
section—
‘‘(A) execute the State plan under subsection (e)(3)(D);
and
‘‘(B) award subgrants under subsection (f).
‘‘(b) MINIMUM AMOUNT.—Each State that receives a grant under
this section shall receive an annual grant amount of not less than
$1,500,000.
‘‘(c) REALLOCATION.—If a State chooses not to apply for a grant
under this section, the Secretary shall reallocate such grant amount
to other States in accordance with the formula described in section
1203(a)(4)(B).
‘‘(d) APPLICATION.—A State desiring to receive a grant under
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such
time and in such manner as the Secretary shall require. The
application shall include a description of—
‘‘(1) in the case of a State that is receiving a grant under
this section for the first time—
‘‘(A) the audit the State will carry out under subsection
(e)(1); and
‘‘(B) the stakeholder feedback the State will seek in
designing such audit;
‘‘(2) in the case of a State that is not receiving a grant
under this section for the first time, the plan described in
subsection (e)(3)(D); and
‘‘(3) how the State will award subgrants to local educational
agencies under subsection (f).
‘‘(e) AUDITS OF STATE ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS AND LOCAL ASSESSMENTS.—
‘‘(1) AUDIT REQUIREMENTS.—Not later than 1 year after
the date a State receives an initial grant under this section,
the State shall—
‘‘(A) conduct a State assessment system audit as
described in paragraph (3);
‘‘(B) ensure that each local educational agency receiving
funds under this section—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(i) conducts an audit of local assessments administered by the local educational agency as described in
paragraph (4); and
‘‘(ii) submits the results of such audit to the State;
and
‘‘(C) report the results of each State and local educational agency audit conducted under subparagraphs (A)
and (B), in a format that is widely accessible and publicly
available.
‘‘(2) RESOURCES FOR LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—In
carrying out paragraph (1)(B), each State shall provide local
educational agencies with resources, such as guidelines and
protocols, to assist in conducting and reporting audit results.
‘‘(3) STATE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM DESCRIPTION.—Each State
assessment system audit conducted under paragraph (1)(A)
shall include—
‘‘(A) the schedule for the administration of all State
assessments;
‘‘(B) for each State assessment—
‘‘(i) the purpose for which the assessment was
designed and the purpose for which the assessment
is used; and
‘‘(ii) the legal authority for the administration of
the assessment;
‘‘(C) feedback on such system from stakeholders, which
shall include information such as—
‘‘(i) how teachers, principals, other school leaders,
and administrators use assessment data to improve
and differentiate instruction;
‘‘(ii) the timing of release of assessment data;
‘‘(iii) the extent to which assessment data is presented in an accessible and understandable format for
all stakeholders;
‘‘(iv) the opportunities, resources, and training
teachers, principals, other school leaders, and administrators are given to review assessment results and
make effective use of assessment data;
‘‘(v) the distribution of technological resources and
personnel necessary to administer assessments;
‘‘(vi) the amount of time teachers spend on assessment preparation and administration;
‘‘(vii) the assessments that administrators,
teachers, principals, other school leaders, parents, and
students, if appropriate, do and do not find useful;
and
‘‘(viii) other information as appropriate; and
‘‘(D) a plan, based on the information gathered as
a result of the activities described in subparagraphs (A),
(B), and (C), to improve and streamline the State assessment system, including activities such as—
‘‘(i) eliminating any unnecessary assessments,
which may include paying the cost associated with
terminating procurement contracts;
‘‘(ii) supporting the dissemination of best practices
from local educational agencies or other States that
have successfully improved assessment quality and
efficiency to improve teaching and learning; and

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129 STAT. 1883

‘‘(iii) supporting local educational agencies or consortia of local educational agencies to carry out efforts
to streamline local assessment systems and implement
a regular process of review and evaluation of assessment use in local educational agencies.
‘‘(4) LOCAL ASSESSMENT DESCRIPTION.—An audit of local
assessments conducted in accordance with paragraph (1)(B)(i)
shall include the same information described in paragraph (3)
that is required of a State audit, except that such information
shall be included as applicable to the local educational agency
and the local assessments.
‘‘(f) SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Each State shall reserve not less than
20 percent of the grant funds awarded to the State under
this section to make subgrants to local educational agencies
in the State or consortia of such local educational agencies,
based on demonstrated need in the agency’s or consortium’s
application, to enable such agencies or consortia to improve
assessment quality and use, and alignment, including, if
applicable, alignment to the challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(2) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATION.—Each local
educational agency, or consortium of local educational agencies,
seeking a subgrant under this subsection shall submit an
application to the State at such time, in such manner, and
containing such other information as determined necessary by
the State. The application shall include a description of the
agency’s or consortium’s needs relating to the improvement
of assessment quality, use, and alignment.
‘‘(3) USE OF FUNDS.—A subgrant awarded under this subsection to a local educational agency or consortium of such
agencies may be used to—
‘‘(A) conduct an audit of local assessments under subsection (e)(1)(B)(i);
‘‘(B) carry out the plan described in subsection (e)(3)(D)
as it pertains to such agency or consortium;
‘‘(C) improve assessment delivery systems and schedules, including by increasing access to technology and
assessment proctors, where appropriate;
‘‘(D) hire instructional coaches, or promote teachers
who may receive increased compensation to serve as
instructional coaches, to support teachers in the development of classroom-based assessments, interpreting assessment data, and designing instruction;
‘‘(E) provide for appropriate accommodations to maximize inclusion of children with disabilities and English
learners participating in assessments; and
‘‘(F) improve the capacity of teachers, principals, and
other school leaders to disseminate assessment data in
an accessible and understandable format for parents and
families, including for children with disabilities and English
learners.
‘‘(g) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) LOCAL ASSESSMENT.—The term ‘local assessment’
means an academic assessment selected and carried out by
a local educational agency that is separate from an assessment
required under section 1111(b)(2).

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‘‘(2) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico.

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20 USC 6363.

‘‘SEC. 1203. ALLOTMENT OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS.

‘‘(a) AMOUNTS EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN TRIGGER AMOUNT.—
From amounts made available for each fiscal year under subsection
1002(b) that are equal to or less than the amount described in
section 1111(b)(2)(I), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the Bureau of Indian
Education;
‘‘(2) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the outlying areas;
‘‘(3) reserve not more than 20 percent to carry out section
1202; and
‘‘(4) from the remainder, carry out section 1201 by allocating to each State an amount equal to—
‘‘(A) $3,000,000, except for a fiscal year for which the
amounts available are insufficient to allocate such amount
to each State, the Secretary shall ratably reduce such
amount for each State; and
‘‘(B) with respect to any amounts remaining after the
allocation under subparagraph (A), an amount that bears
the same relationship to such total remaining amounts
as the number of students aged 5 through 17 in the State
(as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most
recent satisfactory data) bears to the total number of such
students in all States.
‘‘(b) AMOUNTS ABOVE TRIGGER AMOUNT.—For any fiscal year
for which the amount made available for a fiscal year under subsection 1002(b) exceeds the amount described in section
1111(b)(2)(I), the Secretary shall make such excess amount available
as follows:
‘‘(1) COMPETITIVE GRANTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall first use such
funds to award grants, on a competitive basis, to State
educational agencies or consortia of State educational agencies that have submitted applications described in subparagraph (B) to enable such States to carry out the activities
described in subparagraphs (C), (H), (I), (J), (K), and (L)
of section 1201(a)(2).
‘‘(B) APPLICATIONS.—A State, or a consortium of States,
that desires a competitive grant under subparagraph (A)
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time
and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably
require. The application shall demonstrate that the requirements of this section will be met for the uses of funds
described under subparagraph (A).
‘‘(C) AMOUNT OF COMPETITIVE GRANTS.—In determining
the amount of a grant under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure that a State or consortium’s grant,
as the case may be, shall include an amount that bears
the same relationship to the total funds available to carry
out this subsection for the fiscal year as the number of
students aged 5 through 17 in the State, or, in the case
of a consortium, in each State that comprises the consortium, (as determined by the Secretary on the basis of

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the most recent satisfactory data) bears to the total number
of such students in all States.
‘‘(2) ALLOTMENTS.—Any amounts remaining after the Secretary awards funds under paragraph (1) shall be allotted to
each State, or consortium of States, that did not receive a
grant under such paragraph, in an amount that bears the
same relationship to the remaining amounts as the number
of students aged 5 through 17 in the State, or, in the case
of a consortium, in the States of the consortium, (as determined
by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory
data) bears to the total number of such students in all States.
‘‘(c) STATE DEFINED.—In this part, the term ‘State’ means each
of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth
of Puerto Rico.
‘‘(d) PROHIBITION.—In making funds available to States under
this part, the Secretary shall comply with the prohibitions described
in section 8529.

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‘‘SEC. 1204. INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY.

20 USC 6364.

‘‘(a) INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM DEFINED.—The term
‘innovative assessment system’ means a system of assessments
that may include—
‘‘(1)
competency-based
assessments,
instructionally
embedded assessments, interim assessments, cumulative yearend assessments, or performance-based assessments that combine into an annual summative determination for a student,
which may be administered through computer adaptive assessments; and
‘‘(2) assessments that validate when students are ready
to demonstrate mastery or proficiency and allow for differentiated student support based on individual learning needs.
‘‘(b) DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may provide a State educational agency, or a consortium of State educational agencies,
in accordance with paragraph (3), with the authority to establish an innovative assessment system (referred to in this section
as ‘demonstration authority’).
‘‘(2) DEMONSTRATION PERIOD.—In accordance with the
requirements described in subsection (e), each State educational
agency, or consortium of State educational agencies, that submits an application under this section shall propose in its
application the period of time over which the State educational
agency or consortium desires to exercise the demonstration
authority, except that such period shall not exceed 5 years.
‘‘(3) INITIAL DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY AND EXPANSION.—
During the first 3 years that the Secretary provides State
educational agencies and consortia with demonstration
authority (referred to in this section as the ‘initial demonstration period’) the Secretary shall provide such demonstration
authority to—
‘‘(A) a total number of not more than 7 participating
State educational agencies, including those participating
in consortia, that have applications approved under subsection (e); and
‘‘(B) consortia that include not more than 4 State educational agencies.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(c) PROGRESS REPORT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the end
of the initial demonstration period, and prior to providing additional State educational agencies with demonstration authority,
the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, in consultation with the Secretary, shall publish a report detailing the
initial progress of innovative assessment systems carried out
through demonstration authority under this section.
‘‘(2) CRITERIA.—The progress report under paragraph (1)
shall be based on the annual information submitted by participating States described in subsection (e)(2)(B)(ix) and examine
the extent to which—
‘‘(A) with respect to each innovative assessment
system—
‘‘(i) the State educational agency has solicited feedback from teachers, principals, other school leaders,
and parents about their satisfaction with the innovative assessment system;
‘‘(ii) teachers, principals, and other school leaders
have demonstrated a commitment and capacity to
implement or continue to implement the innovative
assessment system; and
‘‘(iii) substantial evidence exists demonstrating
that the innovative assessment system has been developed in accordance with the requirements of subsection
(e); and
‘‘(B) each State with demonstration authority has demonstrated that—
‘‘(i) the same innovative assessment system was
used to measure the achievement of all students that
participated in the innovative assessment system; and
‘‘(ii) of the total number of all students, and the
total number of each of the subgroups of students
defined in section 1111(c)(2), eligible to participate in
the innovative assessment system in a given year,
the State assessed in that year an equal or greater
percentage of such eligible students, as measured
under section 1111(c)(4)(E), as were assessed in the
State in such year using the assessment system under
section 1111(b)(2).
‘‘(3) USE OF REPORT.—Upon completion of the progress
report, the Secretary shall provide a response to the findings
of the progress report, including a description of how the
findings of the report will be used—
‘‘(A) to support State educational agencies with demonstration authority through technical assistance; and
‘‘(B) to inform the peer-review process described in
subsection (f) for advising the Secretary on the awarding
of the demonstration authority to the additional State educational agencies described in subsection (d).
‘‘(4) PUBLICLY AVAILABLE.—The Secretary shall make the
progress report under this subsection and the response
described in paragraph (3) publicly available on the website
of the Department.
‘‘(5) PROHIBITION.—The Secretary shall not require States
that have demonstration authority to submit any information
for the purposes of the progress report that is in addition

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to the information the State is already required to provide
under subsection (e)(2)(B)(x).
‘‘(d) EXPANSION OF THE DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY.—Upon
completion and publication of the report described in subsection
(c), the Secretary may grant demonstration authority to additional
State educational agencies or consortia that submit an application
under subsection (e). Such State educational agencies or consortia
of State educational agencies shall be subject to all of the same
terms, conditions, and requirements of this section.
‘‘(e) APPLICATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency, or consortium of State educational agencies, that desires to participate
in the program of demonstration authority under this section
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and
in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—Such application shall include a description of the innovative assessment system, the experience the
applicant has in implementing any components of the innovative assessment system, and the timeline over which the State
or consortium proposes to exercise the demonstration authority.
In addition, the application shall include each of the following:
‘‘(A) A demonstration that the innovative assessment
system will—
‘‘(i) meet all the requirements of section
1111(b)(2)(B), except the requirements of clauses (i)
and (v) of such section;
‘‘(ii) be aligned to the challenging State academic
standards and address the depth and breadth of such
standards;
‘‘(iii) express student results or student competencies in terms consistent with the State’s aligned
academic achievement standards under section
1111(b)(1);
‘‘(iv) generate results that are valid and reliable,
and comparable, for all students and for each subgroup
of students described in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), as
compared to the results for such students on the State
assessments under section 1111(b)(2);
‘‘(v) be developed in collaboration with—
‘‘(I) stakeholders representing the interests of
children with disabilities, English learners, and
other vulnerable children;
‘‘(II) teachers, principals, and other school
leaders;
‘‘(III) local educational agencies;
‘‘(IV) parents; and
‘‘(V) civil rights organizations in the State;
‘‘(vi) be accessible to all students, such as by incorporating the principles of universal design for learning;
‘‘(vii) provide teachers, principals, other school
leaders, students, and parents with timely data,
disaggregated by each subgroup of students described
in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), to inform and improve
instructional practice and student supports;

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‘‘(viii) identify which students are not making
progress toward the challenging State academic standards so that teachers can provide instructional support
and targeted interventions to all students;
‘‘(ix) annually measure the progress of not less
than the same percentage of all students and students
in each of the subgroups of students, as defined in
section 1111(c)(2), who are enrolled in schools that
are participating in the innovative assessment system
and are required to take such assessments, as measured under section 1111(c)(4)(E), as were assessed by
schools administering the assessment under section
1111(b)(2);
‘‘(x) generate an annual, summative achievement
determination, based on the aligned State academic
achievement standards under section 1111(b)(1) and
based on annual data, for each individual student;
and
‘‘(xi) allow the State educational agency to validly
and reliably aggregate data from the innovative assessment system for purposes of—
‘‘(I) accountability, consistent with the requirements of section 1111(c); and
‘‘(II) reporting, consistent with the requirements of section 1111(h).
‘‘(B) A description of how the State educational agency
will—
‘‘(i) continue use of the statewide academic assessments required under section 1111(b)(2) if such assessments will be used for accountability purposes for the
duration of the demonstration authority period;
‘‘(ii) identify the distinct purposes for each assessment that is part of the innovative assessment system;
‘‘(iii) provide support and training to local educational agency and school staff to implement the
innovative assessment system described in this subsection;
‘‘(iv) inform parents of students in participating
local educational agencies about the innovative assessment system at the beginning of each school year
during which the innovative assessment system will
be implemented;
‘‘(v) engage and support teachers in developing
and scoring assessments that are part of the innovative
assessment system, including through the use of highquality professional development, standardized and
calibrated scoring rubrics, and other strategies, consistent with relevant nationally recognized professional
and technical standards, to ensure inter-rater reliability and comparability;
‘‘(vi) acclimate students to the innovative assessment system;
‘‘(vii) ensure that students with the most significant cognitive disabilities may be assessed with alternate assessments consistent with section 1111(b)(2)(D);
‘‘(viii) if the State is proposing to administer the
innovative assessment system initially in a subset of

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local educational agencies, scale up the innovative
assessment system to administer such system statewide, or with additional local educational agencies,
in the State’s proposed demonstration authority period;
‘‘(ix) gather data, solicit regular feedback from
teachers, principals, other school leaders, and parents,
and assess the results of each year of the program
of demonstration authority under this section, and
respond by making needed changes to the innovative
assessment system; and
‘‘(x) report data from the innovative assessment
system annually to the Secretary, including—
‘‘(I) demographics of participating local educational agencies, if such system is not statewide,
and additional local educational agencies if added
to the system during the course of the State’s
demonstration authority period or 2-year extension, except that such data shall not reveal any
personally identifiable information, including a
description of how the inclusion of additional local
educational agencies contributes to progress
toward achieving high-quality and consistent
implementation across demographically diverse
local educational agencies throughout the demonstration authority period;
‘‘(II) the performance of all participating students, and for each subgroup of students defined
in section 1111(c)(2), on the innovative assessment,
consistent with the requirements in section
1111(h), except that such data shall not reveal
any personally identifiable information;
‘‘(III) feedback from teachers, principals, other
school leaders, and parents about their satisfaction
with the innovative assessment system; and
‘‘(IV) if such system is not statewide, a description of the State’s progress in scaling up the
innovative assessment system to additional local
educational agencies during the State’s demonstration authority period, as described in clause (viii).
‘‘(C) A description of the State educational agency’s
plan to—
‘‘(i) ensure that all students and each of the subgroups of students defined in section 1111(c)(2) participating in the innovative assessment system receive
the instructional support needed to meet State aligned
academic achievement standards;
‘‘(ii) ensure that each local educational agency has
the technological infrastructure to implement the
innovative assessment system; and
‘‘(iii) hold all schools in the local educational agencies participating in the program of demonstration
authority accountable for meeting the State’s expectations for student achievement.
‘‘(D) If the innovative assessment system will initially
be administered in a subset of local educational agencies—

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‘‘(i) a description of the local educational agencies
within the State educational agency that will participate, including what criteria the State has for
approving any additional local educational agencies to
participate during the demonstration authority period;
‘‘(ii) assurances from such local educational agencies that such agencies will comply with the requirements of this subsection;
‘‘(iii) a description of how the State will—
‘‘(I) ensure that the inclusion of additional
local educational agencies contributes to progress
toward achieving high-quality and consistent
implementation across demographically diverse
local educational agencies during the demonstration authority period; and
‘‘(II) ensure that the participating local educational agencies, as a group, will be demographically similar to the State as a whole by the end
of the State’s demonstration authority period; and
‘‘(iv) a description of the State educational agency’s
plan to hold all students and each of the subgroups
of students, as defined in section 1111(c)(2), to the
same high standard as other students in the State.
‘‘(f) PEER REVIEW.—The Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) implement a peer-review process to inform—
‘‘(A) the awarding of demonstration authority under
this section and the approval to operate an innovative
assessment system for the purposes of subsections (b)(2)
and (c) of section 1111, as described in subsection (h);
and
‘‘(B) determinations about whether an innovative
assessment system—
‘‘(i) is comparable to the State assessments under
section 1111(b)(2)(B)(v), valid, reliable, of high technical quality, and consistent with relevant, nationally
recognized professional and technical standards; and
‘‘(ii) provides an unbiased, rational, and consistent
determination of progress toward the goals described
under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(i) for all students;
‘‘(2) ensure that the peer-review team consists of practitioners and experts who are knowledgeable about the innovative
assessment system being proposed for all participating students, including—
‘‘(A) individuals with past experience developing systems of assessment innovation that support all students,
including English learners, children with disabilities, and
disadvantaged students; and
‘‘(B) individuals with experience implementing innovative assessment and accountability systems;
‘‘(3) make publicly available the applications submitted
under subsection (c) and the peer-review comments and recommendations regarding such applications;
‘‘(4) make a determination and inform the State regarding
approval or disapproval of the application under subsection
(c) not later than 90 days after receipt of the complete application;

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‘‘(5) if the Secretary disapproves an application under paragraph (4), offer the State an opportunity to—
‘‘(A) revise and resubmit such application within 60
days of the disapproval determination; and
‘‘(B) submit additional evidence that the State’s
application meets the requirements of subsection (c); and
‘‘(6) make a determination regarding application approval
or disapproval of a resubmitted application under paragraph
(5) not later than 45 days after receipt of the resubmitted
application.
‘‘(g) EXTENSION.—The Secretary may extend an authorization
of demonstration authority under this section for an additional
2 years if the State educational agency demonstrates with evidence
that the State educational agency’s innovative assessment system
is continuing to meet the requirements of subsection (c), including
by demonstrating a plan for, and the capacity to, transition to
statewide use of the innovative assessment system by the end
of the 2-year extension period.
‘‘(h) USE OF INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM.—A State may,
during the State’s approved demonstration authority period or 2year extension, include results from the innovative assessment systems developed under this section in accountability determinations
for each student in the participating local educational agencies
instead of, or in addition to, results from the assessment system
under section 1111(b)(2) if the State demonstrates that the State
has met the requirements under subsection (c). The State shall
continue to meet all other requirements of section 1111(c).
‘‘(i) WITHDRAWAL OF AUTHORITY.—The Secretary shall withdraw
the authorization for demonstration authority provided to a State
educational agency under this section and such State shall return
to use of the statewide assessment system under section 1111(b)(2)
for all local educational agencies in the State if, at any time during
a State’s approved demonstration authority period or 2-year extension, the State educational agency cannot present to the Secretary
evidence that the innovative assessment system developed under
this section—
‘‘(1) meets the requirements under subsection (c);
‘‘(2) includes all students attending schools participating
in the innovative assessment system in a State that has demonstration authority, including each of the subgroups of students, as defined under section 1111(c)(2);
‘‘(3) provides an unbiased, rational, and consistent determination of progress toward the goals described under section
1111(c)(4)(A)(i) for all students, which are comparable to measures of academic achievement under section 1111(c)(4)(B)(i)
across the State in which the local educational agencies are
located;
‘‘(4) presents a high-quality plan to transition to full statewide use of the innovative assessment system by the end of
the State’s approved demonstration authority period or 2-year
extension, if the innovative assessment system will initially
be administered in a subset of local educational agencies; and
‘‘(5) demonstrates comparability to the statewide assessments under section 1111(b)(2) in content coverage, difficulty,
and quality.
‘‘(j) TRANSITION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(A) OPERATION OF INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM.—
If, after a State’s approved demonstration authority period
or 2-year extension, the State educational agency has met
all the requirements of this section, including having scaled
the innovative assessment system up to statewide use,
and demonstrated that such system is of high quality,
as described in subparagraph (B), the State shall be permitted to operate the innovative assessment system
approved under the program of demonstration authority
under this section for the purposes of subsections (b)(2)
and (c) of section 1111.
‘‘(B) HIGH QUALITY.—Such system shall be considered
of high quality if the Secretary, through the peer-review
process described in section 1111(a)(4), determines that—
‘‘(i) the innovative assessment system meets all
of the requirements of this section;
‘‘(ii) the State has examined the effects of the
system on other measures of student success, including
indicators in the accountability system under section
1111(c)(4)(B);
‘‘(iii) the innovative assessment system provides
coherent and timely information about student achievement based on the challenging State academic standards, including objective measurement of academic
achievement, knowledge, and skills that are valid, reliable, and consistent with relevant, nationally-recognized professional and technical standards;
‘‘(iv) the State has solicited feedback from teachers,
principals, other school leaders, and parents about
their satisfaction with the innovative assessment
system; and
‘‘(v) the State has demonstrated that the same
innovative assessment system was used to measure—
‘‘(I) the achievement of all students that
participated in such innovative assessment system;
and
‘‘(II) not less than the percentage of such students overall and in each of the subgroups of students, as defined in section 1111(c)(2), as measured
under section 1111(c)(4)(E), as were assessed under
the assessment required by section 1111(b)(2).
‘‘(2) BASELINE.—For the purposes of the evaluation
described in paragraph (1), the baseline year shall be considered
the first year that each local educational agency in the State
used the innovative assessment system.
‘‘(3) WAIVER AUTHORITY.—A State may request, and the
Secretary shall review such request and may grant, a delay
of the withdrawal of authority under subsection (i) for the
purpose of providing the State with the time necessary to
implement the innovative assessment system statewide, if, at
the conclusion of the State’s approved demonstration authority
period and 2-year extension—
‘‘(A) the State has met all of the requirements of this
section, except transition to full statewide use of the innovative assessment system; and
‘‘(B) the State continues to comply with the other
requirements of this section, and demonstrates a high-

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quality plan for transition to statewide use of the innovative
assessment system in a reasonable period of time.
‘‘(k) AVAILABLE FUNDS.—A State may use funds available under
section 1201 to carry out this section.
‘‘(l) CONSORTIUM.—A consortium of States may apply to participate in the program of demonstration authority under this section,
and the Secretary may provide each State member of such consortium with such authority if each such State member meets all
of the requirements of this section. Such consortium shall be subject
to the limitation described in subsection (b)(3)(B) during the initial
3 years of the demonstration authority.
‘‘(m) DISSEMINATION OF BEST PRACTICES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Following the publication of the progress
report described in subsection (c), the Director of the Institute
of Education Sciences, in consultation with the Secretary, shall
collect and disseminate the best practices on the development
and implementation of innovative assessment systems that
meet the requirements of this section, including best practices
regarding the development of—
‘‘(A) summative assessments that—
‘‘(i) meet the requirements of section 1111(b)(2)(B);
‘‘(ii) are comparable with statewide assessments
under section 1111(b)(2); and
‘‘(iii) include assessment tasks that determine proficiency or mastery of State-approved competencies
aligned to challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(B) effective supports for local educational agencies
and school staff to implement innovative assessment systems;
‘‘(C) effective engagement and support of teachers in
developing and scoring assessments and the use of highquality professional development;
‘‘(D) effective supports for all students, particularly
each of the subgroups of students, as defined in section
1111(c)(2), participating in the innovative assessment
system; and
‘‘(E) standardized and calibrated scoring rubrics, and
other strategies, to ensure inter-rater reliability and comparability of determinations of mastery or proficiency
across local educational agencies and the State.
‘‘(2) PUBLICATION.—The Secretary shall make the information described in paragraph (1) available on the website of
the Department and shall publish an update to the information
not less often than once every 3 years.’’.

PART C—EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY
CHILDREN
SEC. 1301. EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN.

(a) PROGRAM PURPOSES.—Section 1301 (20 U.S.C. 6391) is
amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1301. PROGRAM PURPOSES.

‘‘The purposes of this part are as follows:
‘‘(1) To assist States in supporting high-quality and comprehensive educational programs and services during the school
year and, as applicable, during summer or intersession periods,

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

that address the unique educational needs of migratory children.
‘‘(2) To ensure that migratory children who move among
the States are not penalized in any manner by disparities
among the States in curriculum, graduation requirements, and
challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(3) To ensure that migratory children receive full and
appropriate opportunities to meet the same challenging State
academic standards that all children are expected to meet.
‘‘(4) To help migratory children overcome educational
disruption, cultural and language barriers, social isolation, various health-related problems, and other factors that inhibit
the ability of such children to succeed in school.
‘‘(5) To help migratory children benefit from State and
local systemic reforms.’’.
(b) STATE ALLOCATIONS.—Section 1303 (20 U.S.C. 6393) is
amended—
(1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
(2) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(a) STATE ALLOCATIONS.—Except as provided in subsection
(c), each State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
is entitled to receive under this part an amount equal to the
product of—
‘‘(1) the sum of—
‘‘(A) the average number of identified eligible migratory
children aged 3 through 21 residing in the State, based
on data for the preceding 3 years; and
‘‘(B) the number of identified eligible migratory children, aged 3 through 21, who received services under this
part in summer or intersession programs provided by the
State during the previous year; multiplied by
‘‘(2) 40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in
the State, except that the amount determined under this paragraph shall not be less than 32 percent, nor more than 48
percent, of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United
States.
‘‘(b) HOLD HARMLESS.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), for each
of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, no State shall receive less than
90 percent of the State’s allocation under this section for the preceding fiscal year.
‘‘(c) ALLOCATION TO PUERTO RICO.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For each fiscal year, the grant that
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive
under this part shall be the amount determined by multiplying
the number of children who would be counted under subsection
(a)(1) if such subsection applied to the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico by the product of—
‘‘(A) the percentage that the average per-pupil expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of the lowest
average per-pupil expenditure of any of the 50 States,
subject to paragraphs (2) and (3); and
‘‘(B) 32 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure
in the United States.
‘‘(2) MINIMUM PERCENTAGE.—The percentage described in
paragraph (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.

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129 STAT. 1895

‘‘(3) LIMITATION.—If the application of paragraph (2) for
any fiscal year would result in any of the 50 States or the
District of Columbia receiving less under this part than it
received under this part for the preceding fiscal year, then
the percentage described in paragraph (1)(A) that is used for
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for the fiscal year for which
the determination is made shall be the greater of the percentage
in paragraph (1)(A) for such fiscal year or the percentage used
for the preceding fiscal year.’’;
(3) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (1)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘(A) If, after’’
and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) RATABLE REDUCTIONS.—If, after’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B)—
(I) by striking ‘‘(B) If additional’’ and inserting
the following:
‘‘(B) REALLOCATION.—If additional’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘purpose’’ and inserting ‘‘purposes’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘(A) The Secretary’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) FURTHER REDUCTIONS.—The Secretary’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘(B) The Secretary’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(B) REALLOCATION.—The Secretary’’;
(4) in subsection (e)(3)(B), as redesignated by paragraph
(1), by striking ‘‘welfare or educational attainment of children’’
and inserting ‘‘academic achievement of children’’;
(5) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (1)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘estimated’’ and inserting ‘‘identified’’;
(B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) use the most recent information that most accurately
reflects the actual number of migratory children;’’;
(C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as
paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively;
(D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) develop and implement a procedure for monitoring
the accuracy of such information;’’;
(E) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by subparagraph
(C)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘full-time equivalent’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (A)—
(I) by striking ‘‘special needs’’ and inserting
‘‘unique needs’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘special programs provided
under this part’’ and inserting ‘‘effective special
programs provided under this part’’; and
(F) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by subparagraph
(C), by striking ‘‘the child whose education has been interrupted’’ and inserting ‘‘migratory children, including the
most at-risk migratory children’’; and
(6) by adding at the end the following:

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(g) NONPARTICIPATING STATES.—In the case of a State desiring
to receive an allocation under this part for a fiscal year that did
not receive an allocation for the previous fiscal year or that has
been participating for less than 3 consecutive years, the Secretary
shall calculate the State’s number of identified migratory children
aged 3 through 21 for purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A) by using
the most recent data available that identifies the migratory children
residing in the State until data is available to calculate the 3year average number of such children in accordance with such
subsection.’’.
(c) STATE APPLICATIONS; SERVICES.—Section 1304 (20 U.S.C.
6394) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—
(I) by striking ‘‘special educational needs’’ and
inserting ‘‘unique educational needs’’; and
(II) by inserting ‘‘and migratory children who
have dropped out of school’’ after ‘‘preschool migratory children’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B)—
(I) by striking ‘‘migrant children’’ and inserting
‘‘migratory children’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘part A or B of title III’’ and
inserting ‘‘part A of title III’’; and
(iii) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(D) measurable program objectives and outcomes;’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘challenging State
academic content standards and challenging State student
academic achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging State academic standards’’;
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘, consistent with
procedures the Secretary may require,’’;
(D) in paragraph (5), by inserting ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
(E) by striking paragraph (6);
(F) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (6);
and
(G) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by subparagraph
(F), by striking ‘‘who have parents who do not have a
high school diploma’’ and inserting ‘‘whose parents do not
have a high school diploma’’;
(2) in subsection (c)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘, satisfactory to the Secretary,’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘subsections (b) and
(c) of section 1120A, and part I’’ and inserting ‘‘subsections
(b) and (c) of section 1118, and part F’’;
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—
(I) by striking ‘‘parent advisory councils’’ and
inserting ‘‘parents of migratory children, including
parent advisory councils,’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘of 1 school year in duration’’
and inserting ‘‘not less than 1 school year in duration’’; and

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(ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘section 1118’’
and inserting ‘‘section 1116’’;
(D) in paragraph (4), by inserting ‘‘and migratory children who have dropped out of school’’ after ‘‘preschool
migratory children’’;
(E) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8);
(F) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
‘‘(6) such programs and projects will provide for outreach
activities for migratory children and their families to inform
such children and families of other education, health, nutrition,
and social services to help connect them to such services;
‘‘(7) to the extent feasible, such programs and projects
will provide for—
‘‘(A) advocacy and other outreach activities for migratory children and their families, including helping such
children and families gain access to other education, health,
nutrition, and social services;
‘‘(B) professional development programs, including
mentoring, for teachers and other program personnel;
‘‘(C) family literacy programs;
‘‘(D) the integration of information technology into educational and related programs; and
‘‘(E) programs to facilitate the transition of secondary
school students to postsecondary education or employment;
and’’; and
(G) in paragraph (8), as redesignated by subparagraph
(E), by striking ‘‘paragraphs (1)(A) and (2)(B)(i) of section
1303(a), through such procedures as the Secretary may
require’’ and inserting ‘‘section 1303(a)(1)’’;
(3) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
‘‘(d) PRIORITY FOR SERVICES.—In providing services with funds
received under this part, each recipient of such funds shall give
priority to migratory children who have made a qualifying move
within the previous 1-year period and who—
‘‘(1) are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the
challenging State academic standards; or
‘‘(2) have dropped out of school.’’; and
(4) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ‘‘secondary school students’’ and inserting ‘‘students’’.
(d) SECRETARIAL APPROVAL; PEER REVIEW.—Section 1305 (20
U.S.C. 6395) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 1305. SECRETARIAL APPROVAL; PEER REVIEW.

‘‘The Secretary shall approve each State application that meets
the requirements of this part, and may review any such application
with the assistance and advice of State officials and other officials
with relevant expertise.’’.
(e) COMPREHENSIVE NEEDS ASSESSMENT AND SERVICE-DELIVERY
PLAN; AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.—Section 1306 (20 U.S.C. 6396) is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1)—
(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘special’’ and inserting ‘‘unique’’;
(B) in subparagraph (B)—
(i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking
‘‘section 9302’’ and inserting ‘‘section 8302’’; and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(ii) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘special’’ and inserting
‘‘unique’’;
(C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘challenging State
academic content standards and challenging State student
academic achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging State academic standards’’; and
(D) in subparagraph (F), by striking ‘‘part A or B
of title III’’ and inserting ‘‘part A of title III’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘shall have the flexibility to’’ and inserting ‘‘retains the flexibility to’’; and
(B) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘special educational’’
and inserting ‘‘unique educational’’.
(f) BYPASS.—Section 1307 (20 U.S.C. 6397) is amended—
(1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’; and
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘welfare or educational
attainment’’ and inserting ‘‘educational achievement’’.
(g) COORDINATION OF MIGRANT EDUCATION ACTIVITIES.—Section
1308 (20 U.S.C. 6398) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’;
(B) by inserting ‘‘through’’ after ‘‘including’’; and
(C) by striking ‘‘students’’ and inserting ‘‘children’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘developing effective
methods for’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A)—
(I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by
striking ‘‘The Secretary, in consultation’’ and all
that follows through ‘‘include—’’ and inserting the
following: ‘‘The Secretary, in consultation with the
States, shall ensure the linkage of migrant student
record systems for the purpose of electronically
exchanging, among the States, health and educational information regarding all migratory students eligible under this part. The Secretary shall
ensure that such linkage occurs in a cost-effective
manner, utilizing systems used by the States prior
to, or developed after, the date of the enactment
of the Every Student Succeeds Act. Such information may include—’’;
(II) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘required under
section 1111(b)’’ and inserting ‘‘under section
1111(b)(2)’’; and
(III) in clause (iii), by striking ‘‘high standards’’
and inserting ‘‘the challenging State academic
standards’’;
(ii) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
(iii) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
‘‘(B) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall maintain
ongoing consultation with the States, local educational
agencies, and other migratory student service providers
on—

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‘‘(i) the effectiveness of the system described in
subparagraph (A); and
‘‘(ii) the ongoing improvement of such system.’’;
and
(iv) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated by clause
(ii)—
(I) by striking ‘‘the proposed data elements’’
and inserting ‘‘any new proposed data elements’’;
and
(II) by striking ‘‘Such publication shall occur
not later than 120 days after the date of enactment
of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.’’; and
(C) by striking paragraph (4).
(h) DEFINITIONS.—Section 1309 (20 U.S.C. 6399) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’; and
(2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) MIGRATORY AGRICULTURAL WORKER.—The term ‘migratory agricultural worker’ means an individual who made a
qualifying move in the preceding 36 months and, after doing
so, engaged in new temporary or seasonal employment or personal subsistence in agriculture, which may be dairy work
or the initial processing of raw agricultural products. If an
individual did not engage in such new employment soon after
a qualifying move, such individual may be considered a migratory agricultural worker if the individual actively sought such
new employment and has a recent history of moves for temporary or seasonal agricultural employment.
‘‘(3) MIGRATORY CHILD.—The term ‘migratory child’ means
a child or youth who made a qualifying move in the preceding
36 months—
‘‘(A) as a migratory agricultural worker or a migratory
fisher; or
‘‘(B) with, or to join, a parent or spouse who is a
migratory agricultural worker or a migratory fisher.
‘‘(4) MIGRATORY FISHER.—The term ‘migratory fisher’ means
an individual who made a qualifying move in the preceding
36 months and, after doing so, engaged in new temporary
or seasonal employment or personal subsistence in fishing.
If the individual did not engage in such new employment soon
after the move, the individual may be considered a migratory
fisher if the individual actively sought such new employment
and has a recent history of moves for temporary or seasonal
fishing employment.
‘‘(5) QUALIFYING MOVE.—The term ‘qualifying move’ means
a move due to economic necessity—
‘‘(A) from one residence to another residence; and
‘‘(B) from one school district to another school district,
except—
‘‘(i) in the case of a State that is comprised of
a single school district, wherein a qualifying move is
from one administrative area to another within such
district; or
‘‘(ii) in the case of a school district of more than
15,000 square miles, wherein a qualifying move is a
distance of 20 miles or more to a temporary residence.’’.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

PART D—PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION
PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH
WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR ATRISK
SEC. 1401. PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT,
OR AT-RISK.

Part D of title I (20 U.S.C. 6421 et seq.) is amended—
(1) in section 1401(a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘, tribal,’’ after ‘‘youth in local’’;
and
(ii) by striking ‘‘challenging State academic content
standards and challenging State student academic
achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging
State academic standards’’; and
(B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ‘‘and the involvement
of their families and communities’’ after ‘‘to ensure their
continued education’’;
(2) in section 1412(b), by striking paragraph (2) and
inserting the following:
‘‘(2) MINIMUM PERCENTAGE.—The percentage in paragraph
(1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.’’;
(3) in section 1414—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘‘from correctional facilities to locally operated programs’’ and
inserting ‘‘between correctional facilities and locally
operated programs’’; and
(ii) in paragraph (2)—
(I) in subparagraph (A)—
(aa) by striking ‘‘the program goals, objectives, and performance measures established
by the State’’ and inserting ‘‘the program objectives and outcomes established by the State’’;
and
(bb) by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and inserting
‘‘career’’;
(II) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘and’’
after the semicolon;
(III) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as
subparagraph (D);
(IV) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the
following:
‘‘(C) describe how the State will place a priority for
such children to attain a regular high school diploma, to
the extent feasible;’’;
(V) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by
subclause (III)—
(aa) in clause (i), by inserting ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(bb) by striking clause (ii) and redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii); and
(cc) by striking clause (iv); and
(VI) by adding at the end the following:

20 USC 6421.

20 USC 6432.

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20 USC 6434.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1901

‘‘(E) provide assurances that the State educational
agency has established—
‘‘(i) procedures to ensure the timely re-enrollment
of each student who has been placed in the juvenile
justice system in secondary school or in a re-entry
program that best meets the needs of the student,
including the transfer of credits that such student
earns during placement; and
‘‘(ii) opportunities for such students to participate
in credit-bearing coursework while in secondary school,
postsecondary education, or career and technical education programming.’’; and
(B) in subsection (c)—
(i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘and, to the extent
practicable, provide for such assessment upon entry
into a correctional facility’’ after ‘‘to be served under
this subpart’’;
(ii) in paragraph (6)—
(I) by striking ‘‘carry out the evaluation
requirements of section 9601 and how’’ and
inserting ‘‘use’’;
(II) by inserting ‘‘under section 8601’’ after
‘‘recent evaluation’’; and
(III) by striking ‘‘will be used’’;
(iii) in paragraph (7), by striking ‘‘section 9521’’
and inserting ‘‘section 8521’’;
(iv) paragraph (8)—
(I) by striking ‘‘Public Law 105–220’’ and
inserting ‘‘the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and inserting
‘‘career’’;
(v) in paragraph (9)—
(I) by inserting ‘‘and after’’ after ‘‘prior to’’;
and
(II) by inserting ‘‘in order to facilitate the
transition of such children and youth between the
correctional facility and the local educational
agency or alternative education program’’ after
‘‘the local educational agency or alternative education program’’;
(vi) in paragraph (11), by striking ‘‘transition of
children and youth from such facility or institution
to’’ and inserting ‘‘transition of such children and youth
between such facility or institution and’’;
(vii) in paragraph (16)—
(I) by inserting ‘‘and attain a regular high
school diploma’’ after ‘‘to encourage the children
and youth to reenter school’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘achieve a secondary school
diploma’’ and inserting ‘‘attain a regular high
school diploma’’;
(viii) in paragraph (17), by inserting ‘‘certified or
licensed’’ after ‘‘provides an assurance that’’;
(ix) in paragraph (18), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon;

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129 STAT. 1902

(x) in paragraph (19), by striking the period at
the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(xi) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(20) describes how the State agency will, to the extent
feasible—
‘‘(A) note when a youth has come into contact with
both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems; and
‘‘(B) deliver services and interventions designed to keep
such youth in school that are evidence-based (to the extent
a State determines that such evidence is reasonably available).’’;
(4) in section 1415—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘‘vocational or
technical training’’ and inserting ‘‘career and technical
education’’; and
(ii) in paragraph (2)—
(I) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(A) may include—
‘‘(i) the acquisition of equipment;
‘‘(ii) pay-for-success initiatives; or
‘‘(iii) providing targeted services for youth who
have come in contact with both the child welfare
system and juvenile justice system;’’;
(II) in subparagraph (B)—
(aa) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘the State’s
challenging academic content standards and
student academic achievement standards’’ and
inserting ‘‘the challenging State academic
standards’’;
(bb) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘supplement
and improve’’ and inserting ‘‘respond to the
educational needs of such children and youth,
including by supplementing and improving’’;
and
(cc) in clause (iii)—
(AA) by striking ‘‘challenging State
academic achievement standards’’ and
inserting ‘‘challenging State academic
standards’’; and
(BB) by inserting ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon;
(III) in subparagraph (C)—
(aa) by striking ‘‘section 1120A and part
I’’ and inserting ‘‘section 1118 and part F’’;
and
(bb) by striking ‘‘; and’’ and inserting a
period; and
(IV) by striking subparagraph (D); and
(B) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘section 1120A’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 1118’’;
(5) in section 1416—
(A) in paragraph (3)—

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20 USC 6435.

20 USC 6436.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1903

(i) by striking ‘‘challenging State academic content
standards and student academic achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging State academic standards’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘complete secondary school, attain
a secondary diploma’’ and inserting ‘‘attain a regular
high school diploma’’;
(B) in paragraph (4)—
(i) by striking ‘‘pupil’’ and inserting ‘‘specialized
instructional support’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘, and how relevant and appropriate academic records and plans regarding the
continuation of educational services for such children
or youth are shared jointly between the State agency
operating the institution or program and local educational agency in order to facilitate the transition
of such children and youth between the local educational agency and the State agency’’ after ‘‘children
and youth described in paragraph (1)’’; and
(C) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘student progress’’
and inserting ‘‘and improve student achievement’’;
(6) in section 1418(a)—
(A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) projects that facilitate the transition of children and
youth between State-operated institutions, or institutions in
the State operated by the Secretary of the Interior, and schools
served by local educational agencies or schools operated or
funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; or’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘vocational’’ each place the term
appears and inserting ‘‘career’’; and
(ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘secondary’’ and inserting ‘‘regular high’’;
(7) in section 1419—
(A) by striking the section heading and inserting
‘‘TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘for a fiscal year’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘to provide’’ and inserting ‘‘for a fiscal year to
provide’’;
(8) in section 1421(3), by inserting ‘‘, including schools
operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education,’’ after
‘‘local schools’’;
(9) in section 1422(d), by striking ‘‘impact on meeting the
transitional’’ and inserting ‘‘impact on meeting such transitional’’;
(10) in section 1423—
(A) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ‘‘, including such
facilities operated by the Secretary of the Interior and
Indian tribes’’ after ‘‘the juvenile justice system’’;
(B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
‘‘(4) a description of the program operated by participating
schools to facilitate the successful transition of children and
youth returning from correctional facilities and, as appropriate,
the types of services that such schools will provide such children
and youth and other at-risk children and youth;’’;

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20 USC 6438.

20 USC 6439.

20 USC 6451.

20 USC 6452.

20 USC 6453.

PUBL095

129 STAT. 1904

20 USC 6454.

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20 USC 6455.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(C) in paragraph (7)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘institutions of higher education
or’’ after ‘‘partnerships with’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘develop training, curriculum-based
youth entrepreneurship education’’ and inserting
‘‘facilitate postsecondary and workforce success for children and youth returning from correctional facilities,
such as through participation in credit-bearing
coursework while in secondary school, enrollment in
postsecondary education, participation in career and
technical education programming’’;
(D) in paragraph (8), by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after ‘‘will involve parents’’;
(E) in paragraph (9), by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and
inserting ‘‘career’’; and
(F) in paragraph (13), by striking ‘‘regular’’ and
inserting ‘‘traditional’’;
(11) in section 1424—
(A) in the matter before paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘Funds provided’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Funds provided’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘, including’’ and
all that follows through ‘‘gang members’’;
(C) in paragraph (4)—
(i) by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and inserting ‘‘career’’;
and
(ii) by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon; and
(D) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the
end and inserting a semicolon;
(E) by inserting the following after paragraph (5):
‘‘(6) programs for at-risk Indian children and youth,
including such children and youth in correctional facilities in
the area served by the local educational agency that are operated by the Secretary of the Interior or Indian tribes; and
‘‘(7) pay for success initiatives.’’; and
(F) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
‘‘(b) CONTRACTS AND GRANTS.—A local educational agency may
use a subgrant received under this subpart to carry out the activities
described under paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) directly
or through subgrants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.’’;
(12) in section 1425—
(A) in paragraph (4)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘and attain a regular high school
diploma’’ after ‘‘reenter school’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘a secondary school diploma’’ and
inserting ‘‘a regular high school diploma’’;
(B) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘high academic
achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘the challenging
State academic standards’’;
(C) in paragraph (9), by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and
inserting ‘‘career’’;
(D) in paragraph (10), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
(E) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at the
end and inserting a semicolon; and
(F) by adding at the end the following:

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1905

‘‘(12) upon the child’s or youth’s entry into the correctional
facility, work with the child’s or youth’s family members and
the local educational agency that most recently provided services to the child or youth (if applicable) to ensure that the
relevant and appropriate academic records and plans regarding
the continuation of educational services for such child or youth
are shared jointly between the correctional facility and local
educational agency in order to facilitate the transition of such
children and youth between the local educational agency and
the correctional facility; and
‘‘(13) consult with the local educational agency for a period
jointly determined necessary by the correctional facility and
local educational agency upon discharge from that facility, to
coordinate educational services so as to minimize disruption
to the child’s or youth’s achievement.’’;
(13) in section 1426—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘reducing dropout
rates for male students and for female students over a
3-year period’’ and inserting ‘‘the number of children and
youth attaining a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘obtaining a secondary school
diploma’’ and inserting ‘‘attaining a regular high school
diploma’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘obtaining employment’’ and
inserting ‘‘attaining employment’’;
(14) in section 1431(a)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting
‘‘while protecting individual student privacy,’’ after ‘‘age’’;
(B) striking ‘‘secondary’’ each place the term appears
and inserting ‘‘high’’;
(C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘and to graduate
from high school in the number of years established by
the State under either the four-year adjusted cohort
graduation rate or the extended-year adjusted cohort
graduation rate, if applicable’’ after ‘‘educational achievement’’; and
(D) in paragraph (3), by inserting ‘‘or school operated
or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education’’ after ‘‘local
educational agency’’; and
(15) in section 1432(2)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘dependency adjudication, or delinquency adjudication,’’ after ‘‘failure,’’;
(B) by striking ‘‘has limited English proficiency’’ and
inserting ‘‘is an English learner’’; and
(C) by inserting ‘‘or child welfare system’’ after ‘‘juvenile justice system’’.

20 USC 6456.

20 USC 6471.

20 USC 6472.

PART E—FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PERPUPIL FUNDING

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SEC. 1501. FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING.

(a) REORGANIZATION.—Title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.), as
amended by this title, is further amended—
(1) by striking parts E through H;
(2) by redesignating part I as part F;

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20 USC
6491–6494,
6511–6518,
6531–6537,
6551–6553,
6555, 6561,
6531a–6561i.

PUBL095

129 STAT. 1906
20 USC 6577,
6578.
20 USC
6571–6573.
20 USC 6575,
6576.

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(3) by striking sections 1907 and 1908;
(4) by redesignating sections 1901 through 1903 as sections
1601 through 1603, respectively; and
(5) by redesignating sections 1905 and 1906 as sections
1604 and 1605, respectively.
(b) IN GENERAL.—Title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.), as amended
by this title, is further amended by inserting after section 1432
the following:

‘‘PART E—FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PERPUPIL FUNDING

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20 USC 6491.

‘‘SEC. 1501. FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING.

‘‘(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the program under this section
is to provide local educational agencies with flexibility to consolidate
eligible Federal funds and State and local education funding in
order to create a single school funding system based on weighted
per-pupil allocations for low-income and otherwise disadvantaged
students.
‘‘(b) AUTHORITY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary is authorized to enter
into local flexibility demonstration agreements—
‘‘(A) for not more than 3 years with local educational
agencies that are selected under subsection (c) and submit
proposed agreements that meet the requirements of subsection (d); and
‘‘(B) under which such agencies may consolidate and
use funds in accordance with subsection (d) in order to
develop and implement a school funding system based on
weighted per-pupil allocations for low-income and otherwise
disadvantaged students.
‘‘(2) FLEXIBILITY.—Except as described in subsection
(d)(1)(I), the Secretary is authorized to waive, for local educational agencies entering into agreements under this section,
any provision of this Act that would otherwise prevent such
agency from using eligible Federal funds as part of such agreement.
‘‘(c) SELECTION OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may enter into local flexibility demonstration agreements with not more than 50 local
educational agencies with an approved application under subsection (d).
‘‘(2) SELECTION.—Each local educational agency shall be
selected based on such agency—
‘‘(A) submitting a proposed local flexibility demonstration agreement under subsection (d);
‘‘(B) demonstrating that the agreement meets the
requirements of such subsection; and
‘‘(C) agreeing to meet the continued demonstration
requirements under subsection (e).
‘‘(3) EXPANSION.—Beginning with the 2019–2020 academic
year, the Secretary may extend funding flexibility authorized
under this section to any local educational agency that submits
and has approved an application under subsection (d), as long
as a significant majority of the demonstration agreements with
local educational agencies described in paragraph (1) meet the

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1907

requirements of subsection (d)(2) and subsection (e)(1) as of
the end of the 2018–2019 academic year.
‘‘(d) REQUIRED TERMS OF LOCAL FLEXIBILITY DEMONSTRATION
AGREEMENT.—
‘‘(1) APPLICATION.—Each local educational agency that
desires to participate in the program under this section shall
submit, at such time and in such form as the Secretary may
prescribe, an application to enter into a local flexibility demonstration agreement with the Secretary in order to develop
and implement a school funding system based on weighted
per-pupil allocations that meets the requirements of this section. The application shall include—
‘‘(A) a description of the school funding system based
on weighted per-pupil allocations, including—
‘‘(i) the weights used to allocate funds within such
system;
‘‘(ii) the local educational agency’s legal authority
to use State and local education funds consistent with
this section;
‘‘(iii) how such system will meet the requirements
of paragraph (2); and
‘‘(iv) how such system will support the academic
achievement of students, including low-income students, the lowest-achieving students, English learners,
and children with disabilities;
‘‘(B) a list of funding sources, including eligible Federal
funds, the local educational agency will include in such
system;
‘‘(C) a description of the amount and percentage of
total local educational agency funding, including State and
local education funds and eligible Federal funds, that will
be allocated through such system;
‘‘(D) the per-pupil expenditures (which shall include
actual personnel expenditures, including staff salary differentials for years of employment, and actual nonpersonnel
expenditures) of State and local education funds for each
school served by the agency for the preceding fiscal year;
‘‘(E) the per-pupil amount of eligible Federal funds
each school served by the agency received in the preceding
fiscal year, disaggregated by the programs supported by
the eligible Federal funds;
‘‘(F) a description of how such system will ensure that
any eligible Federal funds allocated through the system
will meet the purposes of each Federal program supported
by such funds, including serving students from low-income
families, English learners, migratory children, and children
who are neglected, delinquent, or at risk, as applicable;
‘‘(G) an assurance that the local educational agency
developed and will implement the local flexibility demonstration agreement in consultation with teachers, principals, other school leaders (including charter school leaders
in a local educational agency that has charter schools),
administrators of Federal programs impacted by the agreement, parents, community leaders, and other relevant
stakeholders;
‘‘(H) an assurance that the local educational agency
will use fiscal control and sound accounting procedures

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129 STAT. 1908

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
that ensure proper disbursement of, and accounting for,
eligible Federal funds consolidated and used under such
system;
‘‘(I) an assurance that the local educational agency
will continue to meet the requirements of sections 1117,
1118, and 8501; and
‘‘(J) an assurance that the local educational agency
will meet the requirements of all applicable Federal civil
rights laws in carrying out the agreement and in consolidating and using funds under the agreement.
‘‘(2) REQUIREMENTS OF THE SYSTEM.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency’s school
funding system based on weighted per-pupil allocations
shall—
‘‘(i) except as allowed under clause (iv), allocate
a significant portion of funds, including State and local
education funds and eligible Federal funds, to the
school level based on the number of students in a
school and a formula developed by the agency under
this section that determines per-pupil weighted
amounts;
‘‘(ii) use weights or allocation amounts that allocate
substantially more funding to English learners, students from low-income families, and students with any
other characteristics associated with educational disadvantage chosen by the local educational agency, than
to other students;
‘‘(iii) ensure that each high-poverty school receives,
in the first year of the demonstration agreement—
‘‘(I) more per-pupil funding, including from
Federal, State, and local sources, for low-income
students than such funding received for lowincome students in the year prior to entering into
a demonstration agreement under this section; and
‘‘(II) at least as much per-pupil funding,
including from Federal, State, and local sources,
for English learners as such funding received for
English learners in the year prior to entering into
a demonstration agreement under this section;
‘‘(iv) be used to allocate to schools a significant
percentage, which shall be a percentage agreed upon
during the application process, of all the local educational agency’s State and local education funds and
eligible Federal funds; and
‘‘(v) include all school-level actual personnel
expenditures for instructional staff (including staff
salary differentials for years of employment) and actual
nonpersonnel expenditures in the calculation of the
local educational agency’s State and local education
funds and eligible Federal funds to be allocated under
clause (i).
‘‘(B) PERCENTAGE.—In establishing the percentage
described in subparagraph (A)(iv) for the system, the local
educational agency shall demonstrate that the percentage—
‘‘(i) under such subparagraph is sufficient to carry
out the purposes of the demonstration agreement under

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1909

this section and to meet each of the requirements
of this subsection; and
‘‘(ii) of State and local education funds and eligible
Federal funds that are not allocated through the local
educational agency’s school funding system based on
weighted per-pupil allocations, does not undermine or
conflict with the requirements of the demonstration
agreement under this section.
‘‘(C) EXPENDITURES.—After allocating funds through
the system, the local educational agency shall charge
schools for the per-pupil expenditures of State and local
education funds and eligible Federal funds, including actual
personnel expenditures (including staff salary differentials
for years of employment) for instructional staff and actual
nonpersonnel expenditures.
‘‘(e) CONTINUED DEMONSTRATION.—Each local educational
agency with an approved application under subsection (d) shall
annually—
‘‘(1) demonstrate to the Secretary that, as compared to
the previous year, no high-poverty school served by the agency
received—
‘‘(A) less per-pupil funding, including from Federal,
State, and local sources, for low-income students; or
‘‘(B) less per-pupil funding, including from Federal,
State, and local sources, for English learners;
‘‘(2) make public and report to the Secretary the per-pupil
expenditures (including actual personnel expenditures that
include staff salary differentials for years of employment, and
actual non-personnel expenditures) of State and local education
funds and eligible Federal funds for each school served by
the agency, disaggregated by each quartile of students
attending the school based on student level of poverty and
by each major racial or ethnic group in the school, for the
preceding fiscal year;
‘‘(3) make public the total number of students enrolled
in each school served by the agency and the number of students
enrolled in each such school disaggregated by each of the subgroups of students, as defined in section 1111(c)(2); and
‘‘(4) notwithstanding paragraph (1), (2), or (3), ensure that
any information to be reported or made public under this subsection is only reported or made public if such information
does not reveal personally identifiable information.
‘‘(f) LIMITATIONS ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURES.—Each
local educational agency that has entered into a local flexibility
demonstration agreement with the Secretary under this section
may use, for administrative purposes, an amount of eligible Federal
funds that is not more than the percentage of funds allowed for
such purposes under any of the following:
‘‘(1) This title.
‘‘(2) Title II.
‘‘(3) Title III.
‘‘(4) Part A of title IV.
‘‘(5) Part B of title V.
‘‘(g) PEER REVIEW.—The Secretary may establish a peer-review
process to assist in the review of a proposed local flexibility demonstration agreement.

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129 STAT. 1910

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(h) NONCOMPLIANCE.—The Secretary may, after providing
notice and an opportunity for a hearing (including the opportunity
to provide supporting evidence as provided for in subsection (i)),
terminate a local flexibility demonstration agreement under this
section if there is evidence that the local educational agency has
failed to comply with the terms of the agreement and the requirements under subsections (d) and (e).
‘‘(i) EVIDENCE.—If a local educational agency believes that the
Secretary’s determination under subsection (h) is in error for statistical or other substantive reasons, the local educational agency
may provide supporting evidence to the Secretary, and the Secretary
shall consider that evidence before making a final determination.
‘‘(j) PROGRAM EVALUATION.—From the amount reserved for
evaluation activities under section 8601, the Secretary, acting
through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall,
in consultation with the relevant program office at the Department,
evaluate—
‘‘(1) the implementation of the local flexibility demonstration agreements under this section; and
‘‘(2) the impact of such agreements on improving the equitable distribution of State and local funding and increasing
student achievement.
‘‘(k) RENEWAL OF LOCAL FLEXIBILITY DEMONSTRATION AGREEMENT.—The Secretary may renew for additional 3-year terms a
local flexibility demonstration agreement under this section if—
‘‘(1) the local educational agency has met the requirements
under subsections (d)(2) and (e) and agrees to, and has a
high likelihood of, continuing to meet such requirements; and
‘‘(2) the Secretary determines that renewing the local flexibility demonstration agreement is in the interest of students
served under this title and title III.
‘‘(l) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE FEDERAL FUNDS.—The term ‘eligible Federal
funds’ means funds received by a local educational agency
under—
‘‘(A) this title;
‘‘(B) title II;
‘‘(C) title III;
‘‘(D) part A of title IV; and
‘‘(E) part B of title V.
‘‘(2) HIGH-POVERTY SCHOOL.—The term ‘high-poverty school’
means a school that is in the highest 2 quartiles of schools
served by a local educational agency, based on the percentage
of enrolled students from low-income families.’’.

PART F—GENERAL PROVISIONS

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SEC. 1601. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

(a) FEDERAL REGULATIONS.—Section 1601 (20 U.S.C. 6571),
as redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of this Act, is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by inserting ‘‘, in accordance with
subsections (b) through (d) and subject to section 1111(e),’’
after ‘‘may issue’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘principals, other
school leaders (including charter school leaders),’’ after
‘‘teachers,’’;

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129 STAT. 1911

(B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘Such regional meetings and electronic exchanges of
information shall be public and notice of such meetings
and exchanges shall be provided to interested stakeholders.’’;
(C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ‘‘standards and
assessments’’ and inserting ‘‘standards, assessments under
section 1111(b)(2), and the requirement under section 1118
that funds under part A be used to supplement, and not
supplant, State and local funds’’;
(D) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
‘‘(4) PROCESS.—Such process—
‘‘(A) shall not be subject to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.); and
‘‘(B) shall, unless otherwise provided as described in
subsection (c), follow the provisions of subchapter III of
chapter 5 of title V, United States Code (commonly known
as the ‘Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990’).’’; and
(E) by striking paragraph (5);
(3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
(4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
‘‘(c) ALTERNATIVE PROCESS FOR CERTAIN EXCEPTIONS.—If consensus, as defined in section 562 of title 5, United States Code,
on any proposed regulation is not reached by the individuals
selected under subsection (b)(3)(B) for the negotiated rulemaking
process, or if the Secretary determines that a negotiated rulemaking
process is unnecessary, the Secretary may propose a regulation
in the following manner:
‘‘(1) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.—Not less than 15 business days
prior to issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal
Register, the Secretary shall provide to the Committee on
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, the
Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of
Representatives, and other relevant congressional committees,
notice of the Secretary’s intent to issue a notice of proposed
rulemaking that shall include—
‘‘(A) a copy of the proposed regulation;
‘‘(B) the need to issue the regulation;
‘‘(C) the anticipated burden, including the time, cost,
and paperwork burden, the regulation will impose on State
educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools,
and other entities that may be impacted by the regulation;
‘‘(D) the anticipated benefits to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, and other entities
that may be impacted by the regulation; and
‘‘(E) any regulations that will be repealed when the
new regulation is issued.
‘‘(2) COMMENT PERIOD FOR CONGRESS.—The Secretary
shall—
‘‘(A) before issuing any notice of proposed rulemaking
under this subsection, provide Congress with a comment
period of 15 business days to make comments on the proposed regulation, beginning on the date that the Secretary
provides the notice of intent to the appropriate committees
of Congress under paragraph (1); and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(B) include and seek to address all comments submitted by Congress in the public rulemaking record for
the regulation published in the Federal Register.
‘‘(3) COMMENT AND REVIEW PERIOD; EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.—The comment and review period for any proposed regulation shall be not less than 60 days unless an emergency
requires a shorter period, in which case the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) designate the proposed regulation as an emergency
with an explanation of the emergency in the notice to
Congress under paragraph (1);
‘‘(B) publish the length of the comment and review
period in such notice and in the Federal Register; and
‘‘(C) conduct immediately thereafter regional meetings
to review such proposed regulation before issuing any final
regulation.’’;
(5) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (3),
by striking ‘‘Regulations to carry out this part’’ and inserting
‘‘Regulations to carry out this title’’; and
(6) by inserting after subsection (d), as redesignated by
paragraph (3), the following:
‘‘(e) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section affects
the applicability of subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7,
of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the ‘Administrative Procedure Act’) or chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code
(commonly known as the ‘Congressional Review Act’).’’.
(b) AGREEMENTS AND RECORDS.—Subsection (a) of section 1602
(20 U.S.C. 6572(a)), as redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of this
Act, is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(a) AGREEMENTS.—In any case in which a negotiated rulemaking process is established under section 1601(b), all published
proposed regulations shall conform to agreements that result from
the rulemaking described in section 1601 unless the Secretary
reopens the negotiated rulemaking process.’’.
(c) STATE ADMINISTRATION.—Section 1603 (20 U.S.C. 6573),
as redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of this Act, is further
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period
and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(E)(i) identify any duplicative or contrasting requirements between the State and Federal rules or regulations;
and
‘‘(ii) eliminate the State rules and regulations that
are duplicative of Federal requirements.’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘the challenging State
student academic achievement standards’’ and inserting
‘‘the challenging State academic standards’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking subparagraphs (C)
through (G) and inserting the following:
‘‘(C) teachers from traditional public schools and
charter schools (if there are charter schools in the State)
and career and technical educators;
‘‘(D) principals and other school leaders;

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‘‘(E) parents;
‘‘(F) members of local school boards;
‘‘(G) representatives of private school children;
‘‘(H) specialized instructional support personnel and
paraprofessionals;
‘‘(I) representatives of authorized public chartering
agencies (if there are charter schools in the State); and
‘‘(J) charter school leaders (if there are charter schools
in the State).’’.

TITLE II—PREPARING, TRAINING, AND
RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL
LEADERS
SEC. 2001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

(a) TITLE II TRANSFERS AND RELATED AMENDMENTS.—
(1) Section 2366(b) (20 U.S.C. 6736(b)) is amended by
striking the matter following paragraph (2) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(3) A State law that makes a limitation of liability inapplicable if the civil action was brought by an officer of a State
or local government pursuant to State or local law.’’.
(2) Subpart 4 of part D of title II (20 U.S.C. 6777) is
amended, by striking the subpart designation and heading and
inserting the following:

‘‘Subpart 4—Internet Safety’’.
(3) Subpart 5 of part C of title II (20 U.S.C. 6731 et
seq.) (as amended by paragraph (1) of this subsection) is—
(A) transferred to title IX;
(B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 2 of part
E of such title;
(C) redesignated as subpart 3 of such part; and
(D) further amended by redesignating sections 2361
through 2368 as sections 9541 through 9548, respectively.
(4) Subpart 4 of part D of title II (20 U.S.C. 6777 et
seq) (as amended by paragraph (2) of this subsection) is—
(A) transferred to title IV;
(B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 4 of part
A of such title;
(C) redesignated as subpart 5 of such part; and
(D) further amended by redesignating section 2441
as section 4161.

20 USC 7801.

20 USC
6731–6738,
7941–7948.
20 USC 7101.

20 USC 6777,
7131.

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SEC. 2002. PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY
TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS.

The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by striking title
II and inserting the following:

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20 USC 6601.

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‘‘TITLE II—PREPARING, TRAINING, AND
RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL
LEADERS
20 USC 6601.

‘‘SEC. 2001. PURPOSE.

‘‘The purpose of this title is to provide grants to State educational agencies and subgrants to local educational agencies to—
‘‘(1) increase student achievement consistent with the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(2) improve the quality and effectiveness of teachers, principals, and other school leaders;
‘‘(3) increase the number of teachers, principals, and other
school leaders who are effective in improving student academic
achievement in schools; and
‘‘(4) provide low-income and minority students greater
access to effective teachers, principals, and other school leaders.

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20 USC 6602.

‘‘SEC. 2002. DEFINITIONS.

‘‘In this title:
‘‘(1) SCHOOL LEADER RESIDENCY PROGRAM.—The term
‘school leader residency program’ means a school-based principal or other school leader preparation program in which a
prospective principal or other school leader—
‘‘(A) for 1 academic year, engages in sustained and
rigorous clinical learning with substantial leadership
responsibilities and an opportunity to practice and be evaluated in an authentic school setting; and
‘‘(B) during that academic year—
‘‘(i) participates in evidence-based coursework, to
the extent the State (in consultation with local educational agencies in the State) determines that such
evidence is reasonably available, that is integrated
with the clinical residency experience; and
‘‘(ii) receives ongoing support from a mentor principal or other school leader, who is effective.
‘‘(2) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico.
‘‘(3) STATE AUTHORIZER.—The term ‘State authorizer’ means
an entity designated by the Governor of a State to recognize
teacher, principal, or other school leader preparation academies
within the State that—
‘‘(A) enters into an agreement with a teacher, principal,
or other school leader preparation academy that specifies
the goals expected of the academy, as described in paragraph (4)(A)(i);
‘‘(B) may be a nonprofit organization, State educational
agency, or other public entity, or consortium of such entities
(including a consortium of States); and
‘‘(C) does not reauthorize a teacher, principal, or other
school leader preparation academy if the academy fails
to produce the minimum number or percentage of effective
teachers or principals or other school leaders, respectively

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129 STAT. 1915

(as determined by the State), identified in the academy’s
authorizing agreement.
‘‘(4) TEACHER, PRINCIPAL, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADER
PREPARATION ACADEMY.—The term ‘teacher, principal, or other
school leader preparation academy’ means a public or other
nonprofit entity, which may be an institution of higher education or an organization affiliated with an institution of higher
education, that establishes an academy that will prepare
teachers, principals, or other school leaders to serve in highneeds schools, and that—
‘‘(A) enters into an agreement with a State authorizer
that specifies the goals expected of the academy,
including—
‘‘(i) a requirement that prospective teachers, principals, or other school leaders who are enrolled in
the academy receive a significant part of their training
through clinical preparation that partners the prospective candidate with an effective teacher, principal, or
other school leader, as determined by the State, respectively, with a demonstrated record of increasing student academic achievement, including for the subgroups of students defined in section 1111(c)(2), while
also receiving concurrent instruction from the academy
in the content area (or areas) in which the prospective
teacher, principal, or other school leader will become
certified or licensed that links to the clinical preparation experience;
‘‘(ii) the number of effective teachers, principals,
or other school leaders, respectively, who will demonstrate success in increasing student academic
achievement that the academy will prepare; and
‘‘(iii) a requirement that the academy will award
a certificate of completion (or degree, if the academy
is, or is affiliated with, an institution of higher education) to a teacher only after the teacher demonstrates
that the teacher is an effective teacher, as determined
by the State, with a demonstrated record of increasing
student academic achievement either as a student
teacher or teacher-of-record on an alternative certificate, license, or credential;
‘‘(iv) a requirement that the academy will award
a certificate of completion (or degree, if the academy
is, or is affiliated with, an institution of higher education) to a principal or other school leader only after
the principal or other school leader demonstrates a
record of success in improving student performance;
and
‘‘(v) timelines for producing cohorts of graduates
and conferring certificates of completion (or degrees,
if the academy is, or is affiliated with, an institution
of higher education) from the academy;
‘‘(B) does not have unnecessary restrictions on the
methods the academy will use to train prospective teacher,
principal, or other school leader candidates, including—
‘‘(i) obligating (or prohibiting) the academy’s faculty to hold advanced degrees or conduct academic
research;

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‘‘(ii) restrictions related to the academy’s physical
infrastructure;
‘‘(iii) restrictions related to the number of course
credits required as part of the program of study;
‘‘(iv) restrictions related to the undergraduate
coursework completed by teachers teaching or working
on alternative certificates, licenses, or credentials, as
long as such teachers have successfully passed all relevant State-approved content area examinations; or
‘‘(v) restrictions related to obtaining accreditation
from an accrediting body for purposes of becoming
an academy;
‘‘(C) limits admission to its program to prospective
teacher, principal, or other school leader candidates who
demonstrate strong potential to improve student academic
achievement, based on a rigorous selection process that
reviews a candidate’s prior academic achievement or record
of professional accomplishment; and
‘‘(D) results in a certificate of completion or degree
that the State may, after reviewing the academy’s results
in producing effective teachers, or principals, or other
school leaders, respectively (as determined by the State)
recognize as at least the equivalent of a master’s degree
in education for the purposes of hiring, retention, compensation, and promotion in the State.
‘‘(5) TEACHER RESIDENCY PROGRAM.—The term ‘teacher residency program’ means a school-based teacher preparation program in which a prospective teacher—
‘‘(A) for not less than 1 academic year, teaches alongside an effective teacher, as determined by the State or
local educational agency, who is the teacher of record for
the classroom;
‘‘(B) receives concurrent instruction during the year
described in subparagraph (A)—
‘‘(i) through courses that may be taught by local
educational agency personnel or by faculty of the
teacher preparation program; and
‘‘(ii) in the teaching of the content area in which
the teacher will become certified or licensed; and
‘‘(C) acquires effective teaching skills, as demonstrated
through completion of a residency program, or other
measure determined by the State, which may include a
teacher performance assessment.

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20 USC 6603.

‘‘SEC. 2003. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘(a) GRANTS TO STATES AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
For the purpose of carrying out part A, there are authorized to
be appropriated $2,295,830,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through
2020.
‘‘(b) NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.—For the purpose of carrying out
part B, there are authorized to be appropriated—
‘‘(1) $468,880,575 for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018;
‘‘(2) $469,168,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
‘‘(3) $489,168,000 for fiscal year 2020.

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129 STAT. 1917

‘‘PART A—SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE
INSTRUCTION

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‘‘SEC. 2101. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

20 USC 6611.

‘‘(a) RESERVATION OF FUNDS.—From the total amount appropriated under section 2003(a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall
reserve—
‘‘(1) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for the United
States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, to be distributed among those outlying areas on the basis of their relative
need, as determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the
purpose of this title; and
‘‘(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the Interior
for programs under this part in schools operated or funded
by the Bureau of Indian Education.
‘‘(b) STATE ALLOTMENTS.—
‘‘(1) HOLD HARMLESS.—
‘‘(A) FISCAL YEARS 2017 THROUGH 2022.—For each of
fiscal years 2017 through 2022, subject to paragraph (2)
and subparagraph (C), from the funds appropriated under
section 2003(a) for a fiscal year that remain after the
Secretary makes the reservations under subsection (a), the
Secretary shall allot to each State an amount equal to
the total amount that such State received for fiscal year
2001 under—
‘‘(i) section 2202(b) of this Act (as in effect on
the day before the date of enactment of the No Child
Left Behind Act of 2001); and
‘‘(ii) section 306 of the Department of Education
Appropriations Act, 2001 (as enacted into law by section 1(a)(1) of Public Law 106–554).
‘‘(B) RATABLE REDUCTION.—If the funds described in
subparagraph (A) are insufficient to pay the full amounts
that all States are eligible to receive under subparagraph
(A) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall ratably reduce
those amounts for the fiscal year.
‘‘(C) PERCENTAGE REDUCTION.—For each of fiscal years
2017 through 2022, the amount in subparagraph (A) shall
be reduced by a percentage equal to the product of 14.29
percent and the number of years between the fiscal year
for which the determination is being made and fiscal year
2016.
‘‘(2) ALLOTMENT OF ADDITIONAL FUNDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (B), for
any fiscal year for which the funds appropriated under
section 2003(a) and not reserved under subsection (a)
exceed the total amount required to make allotments under
paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State the
sum of—
‘‘(i) for fiscal year 2017—
‘‘(I) an amount that bears the same relationship to 35 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the
State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis
of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the

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number of those individuals in all such States,
as so determined; and
‘‘(II) an amount that bears the same relationship to 65 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 from
families with incomes below the poverty line in
the State, as determined by the Secretary on the
basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears
to the number of those individuals in all such
States, as so determined;
‘‘(ii) for fiscal year 2018—
‘‘(I) an amount that bears the same relationship to 30 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the
State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis
of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the
number of those individuals in all such States,
as so determined; and
‘‘(II) an amount that bears the same relationship to 70 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 from
families with incomes below the poverty line in
the State, as determined by the Secretary on the
basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears
to the number of those individuals in all such
States, as so determined;
‘‘(iii) for fiscal year 2019—
‘‘(I) an amount that bears the same relationship to 25 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the
State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis
of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the
number of those individuals in all such States,
as so determined; and
‘‘(II) an amount that bears the same relationship to 75 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 from
families with incomes below the poverty line in
the State, as determined by the Secretary on the
basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears
to the number of those individuals in all such
States, as so determined; and
‘‘(iv) for fiscal year 2020—
‘‘(I) an amount that bears the same relationship to 20 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the
State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis
of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the
number of those individuals in all such States,
as so determined; and
‘‘(II) an amount that bears the same relationship to 80 percent of the excess amount as the
number of individuals aged 5 through 17 from
families with incomes below the poverty line in
the State, as determined by the Secretary on the
basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears

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to the number of those individuals in all such
States, as so determined.
‘‘(B) EXCEPTION.—No State receiving an allotment
under subparagraph (A) may receive less than one-half
of 1 percent of the total excess amount allotted under
such subparagraph for a fiscal year.
‘‘(3) FISCAL YEAR 2021 AND SUCCEEDING FISCAL YEARS.—
For fiscal year 2021 and each of the succeeding fiscal years—
‘‘(A) the Secretary shall allot funds appropriated under
section 2003(a) and not reserved under subsection (a) to
each State in accordance with paragraph (2)(A)(iv); and
‘‘(B) the amount appropriated but not reserved shall
be treated as the excess amount.
‘‘(4) REALLOTMENT.—If any State does not apply for an
allotment under this subsection for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of the allotment to the
remaining States in accordance with this subsection.
‘‘(c) STATE USES OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided under paragraph
(3), each State that receives an allotment under subsection
(b) for a fiscal year shall reserve not less than 95 percent
of such allotment to make subgrants to local educational agencies for such fiscal year, as described in section 2102.
‘‘(2) STATE ADMINISTRATION.—A State educational agency
may use not more than 1 percent of the amount allotted to
such State under subsection (b) for the administrative costs
of carrying out such State educational agency’s responsibilities
under this part.
‘‘(3) PRINCIPALS OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS.—Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and in addition to funds otherwise
available for activities under paragraph (4), a State educational
agency may reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount
reserved for subgrants to local educational agencies under paragraph (1) for one or more of the activities for principals or
other school leaders that are described in paragraph (4).
‘‘(4) STATE ACTIVITIES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The State educational agency for
a State that receives an allotment under subsection (b)
may use funds not reserved under paragraph (1) to carry
out 1 or more of the activities described in subparagraph
(B), which may be implemented in conjunction with a State
agency of higher education (if such agencies are separate)
and carried out through a grant or contract with a forprofit or nonprofit entity, including an institution of higher
education.
‘‘(B) TYPES OF STATE ACTIVITIES.—The activities
described in this subparagraph are the following:
‘‘(i) Reforming teacher, principal, or other school
leader certification, recertification, licensing, or tenure
systems or preparation program standards and
approval processes to ensure that—
‘‘(I) teachers have the necessary subject-matter
knowledge and teaching skills, as demonstrated
through measures determined by the State, which
may include teacher performance assessments, in
the academic subjects that the teachers teach to

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help students meet challenging State academic
standards;
‘‘(II) principals or other school leaders have
the instructional leadership skills to help teachers
teach and to help students meet such challenging
State academic standards; and
‘‘(III) teacher certification or licensing requirements are aligned with such challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(ii) Developing, improving, or providing assistance
to local educational agencies to support the design
and implementation of teacher, principal, or other
school leader evaluation and support systems that are
based in part on evidence of student academic achievement, which may include student growth, and shall
include multiple measures of educator performance and
provide clear, timely, and useful feedback to teachers,
principals, or other school leaders, such as by—
‘‘(I) developing and disseminating high-quality
evaluation tools, such as classroom observation
rubrics, and methods, including training and
auditing, for ensuring inter-rater reliability of
evaluation results;
‘‘(II) developing and providing training to principals, other school leaders, coaches, mentors, and
evaluators on how to accurately differentiate
performance, provide useful and timely feedback,
and use evaluation results to inform decisionmaking about professional development, improvement strategies, and personnel decisions; and
‘‘(III) developing a system for auditing the
quality of evaluation and support systems.
‘‘(iii) Improving equitable access to effective
teachers.
‘‘(iv) Carrying out programs that establish, expand,
or improve alternative routes for State certification
of teachers (especially for teachers of children with
disabilities, English learners, science, technology,
engineering, mathematics, or other areas where the
State experiences a shortage of educators), principals,
or other school leaders, for—
‘‘(I) individuals with a baccalaureate or master’s degree, or other advanced degree;
‘‘(II) mid-career professionals from other
occupations;
‘‘(III) paraprofessionals;
‘‘(IV) former military personnel; and
‘‘(V) recent graduates of institutions of higher
education with records of academic distinction who
demonstrate the potential to become effective
teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
‘‘(v) Developing, improving, and implementing
mechanisms to assist local educational agencies and
schools in effectively recruiting and retaining teachers,
principals, or other school leaders who are effective
in improving student academic achievement, including
effective teachers from underrepresented minority

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1921

groups and teachers with disabilities, such as
through—
‘‘(I) opportunities for effective teachers to lead
evidence-based (to the extent the State determines
that such evidence is reasonably available) professional development for the peers of such effective
teachers; and
‘‘(II) providing training and support for teacher
leaders and principals or other school leaders who
are recruited as part of instructional leadership
teams.
‘‘(vi) Fulfilling the State educational agency’s
responsibilities concerning proper and efficient
administration and monitoring of the programs carried
out under this part, including provision of technical
assistance to local educational agencies.
‘‘(vii) Developing, or assisting local educational
agencies in developing—
‘‘(I) career opportunities and advancement initiatives that promote professional growth and
emphasize multiple career paths, such as instructional coaching and mentoring (including hybrid
roles that allow instructional coaching and mentoring while remaining in the classroom), school
leadership, and involvement with school improvement and support;
‘‘(II) strategies that provide differential pay,
or other incentives, to recruit and retain teachers
in high-need academic subjects and teachers, principals, or other school leaders, in low-income
schools and school districts, which may include
performance-based pay systems; and
‘‘(III) new teacher, principal, or other school
leader induction and mentoring programs that are,
to the extent the State determines that such evidence is reasonably available, evidence-based, and
designed to—
‘‘(aa) improve classroom instruction and
student learning and achievement, including
through improving school leadership programs; and
‘‘(bb) increase the retention of effective
teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
‘‘(viii) Providing assistance to local educational
agencies for the development and implementation of
high-quality professional development programs for
principals that enable the principals to be effective
and prepare all students to meet the challenging State
academic standards.
‘‘(ix) Supporting efforts to train teachers, principals, or other school leaders to effectively integrate
technology into curricula and instruction, which may
include training to assist teachers in implementing
blended learning (as defined in section 4102(1))
projects.

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129 STAT. 1922

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(x) Providing training, technical assistance, and
capacity-building to local educational agencies that
receive a subgrant under this part.
‘‘(xi) Reforming or improving teacher, principal,
or other school leader preparation programs, such as
through establishing teacher residency programs and
school leader residency programs.
‘‘(xii) Establishing or expanding teacher, principal,
or other school leader preparation academies, with an
amount of the funds described in subparagraph (A)
that is not more than 2 percent of the State’s allotment,
if—
‘‘(I) allowable under State law;
‘‘(II) the State enables candidates attending
a teacher, principal, or other school leader preparation academy to be eligible for State financial aid
to the same extent as participants in other Stateapproved teacher or principal preparation programs, including alternative certification, licensure, or credential programs; and
‘‘(III) the State enables teachers, principals,
or other school leaders who are teaching or
working while on alternative certificates, licenses,
or credentials to teach or work in the State while
enrolled in a teacher, principal, or other school
leader preparation academy.
‘‘(xiii) Supporting the instructional services provided by effective school library programs.
‘‘(xiv) Developing, or assisting local educational
agencies in developing, strategies that provide
teachers, principals, or other school leaders with the
skills, credentials, or certifications needed to educate
all students in postsecondary education coursework
through early college high school or dual or concurrent
enrollment programs.
‘‘(xv) Providing training for all school personnel,
including teachers, principals, other school leaders,
specialized instructional support personnel, and paraprofessionals, regarding how to prevent and recognize
child sexual abuse.
‘‘(xvi) Supporting opportunities for principals,
other school leaders, teachers, paraprofessionals, early
childhood education program directors, and other early
childhood education program providers to participate
in joint efforts to address the transition to elementary
school, including issues related to school readiness.
‘‘(xvii) Developing and providing professional
development and other comprehensive systems of support for teachers, principals, or other school leaders
to promote high-quality instruction and instructional
leadership in science, technology, engineering, and
mathematics subjects, including computer science.
‘‘(xviii) Supporting the professional development
and improving the instructional strategies of teachers,
principals, or other school leaders to integrate career
and technical education content into academic instructional practices, which may include training on best

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1923

practices to understand State and regional workforce
needs and transitions to postsecondary education and
the workforce.
‘‘(xix) Enabling States, as a consortium, to voluntarily develop a process that allows teachers who are
licensed or certified in a participating State to teach
in other participating States without completing additional licensure or certification requirements, except
that nothing in this clause shall be construed to allow
the Secretary to exercise any direction, supervision,
or control over State teacher licensing or certification
requirements.
‘‘(xx) Supporting and developing efforts to train
teachers on the appropriate use of student data to
ensure that individual student privacy is protected as
required by section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (commonly known as the ‘Family Educational
Rights and Privacy Act of 1974’) (20 U.S.C. 1232g)
and in accordance with State student privacy laws
and local educational agency student privacy and technology use policies.
‘‘(xxi) Supporting other activities identified by the
State that are, to the extent the State determines
that such evidence is reasonably available, evidencebased and that meet the purpose of this title.
‘‘(d) STATE APPLICATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—In order to receive an allotment under
this section for any fiscal year, a State shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as
the Secretary may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—Each application described under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
‘‘(A) A description of how the State educational agency
will use funds received under this title for State-level activities described in subsection (c).
‘‘(B) A description of the State’s system of certification
and licensing of teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
‘‘(C) A description of how activities under this part
are aligned with challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(D) A description of how the activities carried out
with funds under this part are expected to improve student
achievement.
‘‘(E) If a State educational agency plans to use funds
under this part to improve equitable access to effective
teachers, consistent with section 1111(g)(1)(B), a description of how such funds will be used for such purpose.
‘‘(F) If applicable, a description of how the State educational agency will work with local educational agencies
in the State to develop or implement State or local teacher,
principal, or other school leader evaluation and support
systems that meet the requirements of subsection
(c)(4)(B)(ii).
‘‘(G) An assurance that the State educational agency
will monitor the implementation of activities under this
part and provide technical assistance to local educational
agencies in carrying out such activities.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(H) An assurance that the State educational agency
will work in consultation with the entity responsible for
teacher, principal, or other school leader professional standards, certification, and licensing for the State, and encourage collaboration between educator preparation programs,
the State, and local educational agencies to promote the
readiness of new educators entering the profession.
‘‘(I) An assurance that the State educational agency
will comply with section 8501 (regarding participation by
private school children and teachers).
‘‘(J) A description of how the State educational agency
will improve the skills of teachers, principals, or other
school leaders in order to enable them to identify students
with specific learning needs, particularly children with
disabilities, English learners, students who are gifted and
talented, and students with low literacy levels, and provide
instruction based on the needs of such students.
‘‘(K) A description of how the State will use data and
ongoing consultation as described in paragraph (3) to
continually update and improve the activities supported
under this part.
‘‘(L) A description of how the State educational agency
will encourage opportunities for increased autonomy and
flexibility for teachers, principals, or other school leaders,
such as by establishing innovation schools that have a
high degree of autonomy over budget and operations, are
transparent and accountable to the public, and lead to
improved academic outcomes for students.
‘‘(M) A description of actions the State may take to
improve preparation programs and strengthen support for
teachers, principals, or other school leaders based on the
needs of the State, as identified by the State educational
agency.
‘‘(3) CONSULTATION.—In developing the State application
under this subsection, a State shall—
‘‘(A) meaningfully consult with teachers, principals,
other school leaders, paraprofessionals (including organizations representing such individuals), specialized instructional support personnel, charter school leaders (in a State
that has charter schools), parents, community partners,
and other organizations or partners with relevant and demonstrated expertise in programs and activities designed
to meet the purpose of this title;
‘‘(B) seek advice from the individuals, organizations,
or partners described in subparagraph (A) regarding how
best to improve the State’s activities to meet the purpose
of this title; and
‘‘(C) coordinate the State’s activities under this part
with other related strategies, programs, and activities being
conducted in the State.
‘‘(4) LIMITATION.—Consultation required under paragraph
(3) shall not interfere with the timely submission of the application required under this section.
‘‘(e) PROHIBITION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed
to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or employee of
the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or control any of the
following:

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129 STAT. 1925

‘‘(1) The development, improvement, or implementation of
elements of any teacher, principal, or other school leader
evaluation system.
‘‘(2) Any State or local educational agency’s definition of
teacher, principal, or other school leader effectiveness.
‘‘(3) Any teacher, principal, or other school leader professional standards, certification, or licensing.

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‘‘SEC. 2102. SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

20 USC 6612.

‘‘(a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From funds reserved by a State under
section 2101(c)(1) for a fiscal year, the State, acting through
the State educational agency, shall award subgrants to eligible
local educational agencies from allocations described in paragraph (2).
‘‘(2) ALLOCATION FORMULA.—From the funds described in
paragraph (1), the State educational agency shall allocate to
each of the eligible local educational agencies in the State
for a fiscal year the sum of—
‘‘(A) an amount that bears the same relationship to
20 percent of such funds for such fiscal year as the number
of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the geographic area
served by the agency, as determined by the Secretary on
the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to
the number of those individuals in the geographic areas
served by all eligible local educational agencies in the State,
as so determined; and
‘‘(B) an amount that bears the same relationship to
80 percent of the funds for such fiscal year as the number
of individuals aged 5 through 17 from families with incomes
below the poverty line in the geographic area served by
the agency, as determined by the Secretary on the basis
of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the number
of those individuals in the geographic areas served by
all the eligible local educational agencies in the State,
as so determined.
‘‘(3) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall
be construed to prohibit a consortium of local educational agencies that are designated with a locale code of 41, 42, or 43,
or such local educational agencies designated with a locale
code of 41, 42, or 43 that work in cooperation with an educational service agency, from voluntarily combining allocations
received under this part for the collective use of funding by
the consortium for activities under this section.
‘‘(b) LOCAL APPLICATIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—To be eligible to receive a subgrant under
this section, a local educational agency shall submit an application to the State educational agency at such time, in such
manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION.—Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
‘‘(A) A description of the activities to be carried out
by the local educational agency under this section and
how these activities will be aligned with challenging State
academic standards.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(B) A description of the local educational agency’s
systems of professional growth and improvement, such as
induction for teachers, principals, or other school leaders
and opportunities for building the capacity of teachers and
opportunities to develop meaningful teacher leadership.
‘‘(C) A description of how the local educational agency
will prioritize funds to schools served by the agency that
are implementing comprehensive support and improvement
activities and targeted support and improvement activities
under section 1111(d) and have the highest percentage
of children counted under section 1124(c).
‘‘(D) A description of how the local educational agency
will use data and ongoing consultation described in paragraph (3) to continually update and improve activities supported under this part.
‘‘(E) An assurance that the local educational agency
will comply with section 8501 (regarding participation by
private school children and teachers).
‘‘(F) An assurance that the local educational agency
will coordinate professional development activities authorized under this part with professional development activities provided through other Federal, State, and local programs.
‘‘(3) CONSULTATION.—In developing the application
described in paragraph (2), a local educational agency shall—
‘‘(A) meaningfully consult with teachers, principals,
other school leaders, paraprofessionals (including organizations representing such individuals), specialized instructional support personnel, charter school leaders (in a local
educational agency that has charter schools), parents,
community partners, and other organizations or partners
with relevant and demonstrated expertise in programs and
activities designed to meet the purpose of this title;
‘‘(B) seek advice from the individuals and organizations
described in subparagraph (A) regarding how best to
improve the local educational agency’s activities to meet
the purpose of this title; and
‘‘(C) coordinate the local educational agency’s activities
under this part with other related strategies, programs,
and activities being conducted in the community.
‘‘(4) LIMITATION.—Consultation required under paragraph
(3) shall not interfere with the timely submission of the application required under this section.

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20 USC 6613.

‘‘SEC. 2103. LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency that receives
a subgrant under section 2102 shall use the funds made available
through the subgrant to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive programs and activities described in subsection (b),
which may be carried out—
‘‘(1) through a grant or contract with a for-profit or nonprofit entity; or
‘‘(2) in partnership with an institution of higher education
or an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as such terms are
defined under section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and
Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b)).

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129 STAT. 1927

‘‘(b) TYPES OF ACTIVITIES.—The programs and activities
described in this subsection—
‘‘(1) shall be in accordance with the purpose of this title;
‘‘(2) shall address the learning needs of all students,
including children with disabilities, English learners, and gifted
and talented students; and
‘‘(3) may include, among other programs and activities—
‘‘(A) developing or improving a rigorous, transparent,
and fair evaluation and support system for teachers, principals, or other school leaders that—
‘‘(i) is based in part on evidence of student achievement, which may include student growth; and
‘‘(ii) shall include multiple measures of educator
performance and provide clear, timely, and useful feedback to teachers, principals, or other school leaders;
‘‘(B) developing and implementing initiatives to assist
in recruiting, hiring, and retaining effective teachers,
particularly in low-income schools with high percentages
of ineffective teachers and high percentages of students
who do not meet the challenging State academic standards,
to improve within-district equity in the distribution of
teachers, consistent with section 1111(g)(1)(B), such as initiatives that provide—
‘‘(i) expert help in screening candidates and
enabling early hiring;
‘‘(ii) differential and incentive pay for teachers,
principals, or other school leaders in high-need academic subject areas and specialty areas, which may
include performance-based pay systems;
‘‘(iii) teacher, paraprofessional, principal, or other
school leader advancement and professional growth,
and an emphasis on leadership opportunities, multiple
career paths, and pay differentiation;
‘‘(iv) new teacher, principal, or other school leader
induction and mentoring programs that are designed
to—
‘‘(I) improve classroom instruction and student
learning and achievement; and
‘‘(II) increase the retention of effective
teachers, principals, or other school leaders;
‘‘(v) the development and provision of training for
school leaders, coaches, mentors, and evaluators on
how accurately to differentiate performance, provide
useful feedback, and use evaluation results to inform
decisionmaking about professional development,
improvement strategies, and personnel decisions; and
‘‘(vi) a system for auditing the quality of evaluation
and support systems;
‘‘(C) recruiting qualified individuals from other fields
to become teachers, principals, or other school leaders,
including mid-career professionals from other occupations,
former military personnel, and recent graduates of institutions of higher education with records of academic distinction who demonstrate potential to become effective
teachers, principals, or other school leaders;
‘‘(D) reducing class size to a level that is evidencebased, to the extent the State (in consultation with local

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
educational agencies in the State) determines that such
evidence is reasonably available, to improve student
achievement through the recruiting and hiring of additional
effective teachers;
‘‘(E) providing high-quality, personalized professional
development that is evidence-based, to the extent the State
(in consultation with local educational agencies in the
State) determines that such evidence is reasonably available, for teachers, instructional leadership teams, principals, or other school leaders, that is focused on improving
teaching and student learning and achievement, including
supporting efforts to train teachers, principals, or other
school leaders to—
‘‘(i) effectively integrate technology into curricula
and instruction (including education about the harms
of copyright piracy);
‘‘(ii) use data to improve student achievement and
understand how to ensure individual student privacy
is protected, as required under section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (commonly known as
the ‘Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of
1974’) (20 U.S.C. 1232g) and State and local policies
and laws in the use of such data;
‘‘(iii) effectively engage parents, families, and
community partners, and coordinate services between
school and community;
‘‘(iv) help all students develop the skills essential
for learning readiness and academic success;
‘‘(v) develop policy with school, local educational
agency, community, or State leaders; and
‘‘(vi) participate in opportunities for experiential
learning through observation;
‘‘(F) developing programs and activities that increase
the ability of teachers to effectively teach children with
disabilities, including children with significant cognitive
disabilities, and English learners, which may include the
use of multi-tier systems of support and positive behavioral
intervention and supports, so that such children with
disabilities and English learners can meet the challenging
State academic standards;
‘‘(G) providing programs and activities to increase—
‘‘(i) the knowledge base of teachers, principals, or
other school leaders on instruction in the early grades
and on strategies to measure whether young children
are progressing; and
‘‘(ii) the ability of principals or other school leaders
to support teachers, teacher leaders, early childhood
educators, and other professionals to meet the needs
of students through age 8, which may include providing
joint professional learning and planning activities for
school staff and educators in preschool programs that
address the transition to elementary school;
‘‘(H) providing training, technical assistance, and
capacity-building in local educational agencies to assist
teachers, principals, or other school leaders with selecting

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129 STAT. 1929

and implementing formative assessments, designing classroom-based assessments, and using data from such assessments to improve instruction and student academic
achievement, which may include providing additional time
for teachers to review student data and respond, as appropriate;
‘‘(I) carrying out in-service training for school personnel
in—
‘‘(i) the techniques and supports needed to help
educators understand when and how to refer students
affected by trauma, and children with, or at risk of,
mental illness;
‘‘(ii) the use of referral mechanisms that effectively
link such children to appropriate treatment and intervention services in the school and in the community,
where appropriate;
‘‘(iii) forming partnerships between school-based
mental health programs and public or private mental
health organizations; and
‘‘(iv) addressing issues related to school conditions
for student learning, such as safety, peer interaction,
drug and alcohol abuse, and chronic absenteeism;
‘‘(J) providing training to support the identification
of students who are gifted and talented, including highability students who have not been formally identified for
gifted education services, and implementing instructional
practices that support the education of such students, such
as—
‘‘(i) early entrance to kindergarten;
‘‘(ii) enrichment, acceleration, and curriculum compacting activities; and
‘‘(iii) dual or concurrent enrollment programs in
secondary school and postsecondary education;
‘‘(K) supporting the instructional services provided by
effective school library programs;
‘‘(L) providing training for all school personnel,
including teachers, principals, other school leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, and paraprofessionals,
regarding how to prevent and recognize child sexual abuse;
‘‘(M) developing and providing professional development and other comprehensive systems of support for
teachers, principals, or other school leaders to promote
high-quality instruction and instructional leadership in
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics subjects,
including computer science;
‘‘(N) developing feedback mechanisms to improve school
working conditions, including through periodically and publicly reporting results of educator support and working
conditions feedback;
‘‘(O) providing high-quality professional development
for teachers, principals, or other school leaders on effective
strategies to integrate rigorous academic content, career
and technical education, and work-based learning (if appropriate), which may include providing common planning
time, to help prepare students for postsecondary education
and the workforce; and

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‘‘(P) carrying out other activities that are evidencebased, to the extent the State (in consultation with local
educational agencies in the State) determines that such
evidence is reasonably available, and identified by the local
educational agency that meet the purpose of this title.

20 USC 6614.

‘‘SEC. 2104. REPORTING.

‘‘(a) STATE REPORT.—Each State educational agency receiving
funds under this part shall annually submit to the Secretary a
report that provides—
‘‘(1) a description of how the State is using grant funds
received under this part to meet the purpose of this title,
and how such chosen activities improved teacher, principal,
or other school leader effectiveness, as determined by the State
or local educational agency;
‘‘(2) if funds are used under this part to improve equitable
access to teachers for low-income and minority students, consistent with section 1111(g)(1)(B), a description of how funds
have been used to improve such access;
‘‘(3) for a State that implements a teacher, principal, or
other school leader evaluation and support system, consistent
with section 2101(c)(4)(B)(ii), using funds under this part, the
evaluation results of teachers, principals, or other school
leaders, except that such information shall not provide personally identifiable information on individual teachers, principals,
or other school leaders; and
‘‘(4) where available, the annual retention rates of effective
and ineffective teachers, principals, or other school leaders,
using any methods or criteria the State has or develops under
section 1111(g)(2)(A), except that nothing in this paragraph
shall be construed to require any State educational agency
or local educational agency to collect and report any data the
State educational agency or local educational agency is not
collecting or reporting as of the day before the date of enactment
of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(b) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REPORT.—Each local educational agency receiving funds under this part shall submit to
the State educational agency such information as the State requires,
which shall include the information described in subsection (a)
for the local educational agency.
‘‘(c) AVAILABILITY.—The reports and information provided under
subsections (a) and (b) shall be made readily available to the public.
‘‘(d) LIMITATION.—The reports and information provided under
subsections (a) and (b) shall not reveal personally identifiable
information about any individual.

‘‘PART B—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

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20 USC 6621.

‘‘SEC. 2201. RESERVATIONS.

‘‘From the amounts appropriated under section 2003(b) for a
fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
‘‘(1) to carry out activities authorized under subpart 1—
‘‘(A) 49.1 percent for each of fiscal years 2017 through
2019; and
‘‘(B) 47 percent for fiscal year 2020;
‘‘(2) to carry out activities authorized under subpart 2—

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‘‘(A) 34.1 percent for each of fiscal years 2017 through
2019; and
‘‘(B) 36.8 percent for fiscal year 2020;
‘‘(3) to carry out activities authorized under subpart 3,
1.4 percent for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020; and
‘‘(4) to carry out activities authorized under subpart 4—
‘‘(A) 15.4 percent for each of fiscal years 2017 through
2019; and
‘‘(B) 14.8 percent for fiscal year 2020.

‘‘Subpart 1—Teacher and School Leader Incentive
Program

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‘‘SEC. 2211. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

20 USC 6631.

‘‘(a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this subpart are—
‘‘(1) to assist States, local educational agencies, and nonprofit organizations to develop, implement, improve, or expand
comprehensive performance-based compensation systems or
human capital management systems for teachers, principals,
or other school leaders (especially for teachers, principals, or
other school leaders in high-need schools) who raise student
academic achievement and close the achievement gap between
high- and low-performing students; and
‘‘(2) to study and review performance-based compensation
systems or human capital management systems for teachers,
principals, or other school leaders to evaluate the effectiveness,
fairness, quality, consistency, and reliability of the systems.
‘‘(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this subpart:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) a local educational agency, including a charter
school that is a local educational agency, or a consortium
of local educational agencies;
‘‘(B) a State educational agency or other State agency
designated by the chief executive of a State to participate
under this subpart;
‘‘(C) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
‘‘(D) a partnership consisting of—
‘‘(i) 1 or more agencies described in subparagraph
(A), (B), or (C); and
‘‘(ii) at least 1 nonprofit or for-profit entity.
‘‘(2) HIGH-NEED SCHOOL.—The term ‘high-need school’
means a public elementary school or secondary school that
is located in an area in which the percentage of students
from families with incomes below the poverty line is 30 percent
or more.
‘‘(3) HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.—The term
‘human capital management system’ means a system—
‘‘(A) by which a local educational agency makes and
implements human capital decisions, such as decisions on
preparation, recruitment, hiring, placement, retention, dismissal, compensation, professional development, tenure,
and promotion; and
‘‘(B) that includes a performance-based compensation
system.
‘‘(4) PERFORMANCE-BASED COMPENSATION SYSTEM.—The
term ‘performance-based compensation system’ means a system

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
of compensation for teachers, principals, or other school
leaders—
‘‘(A) that differentiates levels of compensation based
in part on measurable increases in student academic
achievement; and
‘‘(B) which may include—
‘‘(i) differentiated levels of compensation, which
may include bonus pay, on the basis of the employment
responsibilities and success of effective teachers, principals, or other school leaders in hard-to-staff schools
or high-need subject areas; and
‘‘(ii) recognition of the skills and knowledge of
teachers, principals, or other school leaders as demonstrated through—
‘‘(I) successful fulfillment of additional responsibilities or job functions, such as teacher leadership roles; and
‘‘(II) evidence of professional achievement and
mastery of content knowledge and superior
teaching and leadership skills.

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20 USC 6632.

‘‘SEC. 2212. TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER INCENTIVE FUND GRANTS.

‘‘(a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—From the amounts reserved by the
Secretary under section 2201(1), the Secretary shall award grants,
on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable the eligible
entities to develop, implement, improve, or expand performancebased compensation systems or human capital management systems, in schools served by the eligible entity.
‘‘(b) DURATION OF GRANTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A grant awarded under this subpart
shall be for a period of not more than 3 years.
‘‘(2) RENEWAL.—The Secretary may renew a grant awarded
under this subpart for a period of not more than 2 years
if the grantee demonstrates to the Secretary that the grantee
is effectively using funds. Such renewal may include allowing
the grantee to scale up or replicate the successful program.
‘‘(3) LIMITATION.—A local educational agency may receive
(whether individually or as part of a consortium or partnership)
a grant under this subpart, as amended by the Every Student
Succeeds Act, only twice.
‘‘(c) APPLICATIONS.—An eligible entity desiring a grant under
this subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary at such
time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
The application shall include—
‘‘(1) a description of the performance-based compensation
system or human capital management system that the eligible
entity proposes to develop, implement, improve, or expand
through the grant;
‘‘(2) a description of the most significant gaps or
insufficiencies in student access to effective teachers, principals,
or other school leaders in high-need schools, including gaps
or inequities in how effective teachers, principals, or other
school leaders are distributed across the local educational
agency, as identified using factors such as data on school
resources, staffing patterns, school environment, educator support systems, and other school-level factors;

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‘‘(3) a description and evidence of the support and commitment from teachers, principals, or other school leaders, which
may include charter school leaders, in the school (including
organizations representing teachers, principals, or other school
leaders), the community, and the local educational agency to
the activities proposed under the grant;
‘‘(4) a description of how the eligible entity will develop
and implement a fair, rigorous, valid, reliable, and objective
process to evaluate teacher, principal, or other school leader
performance under the system that is based in part on measures of student academic achievement, including the baseline
performance against which evaluations of improved performance will be made;
‘‘(5) a description of the local educational agencies or schools
to be served under the grant, including such student academic
achievement, demographic, and socioeconomic information as
the Secretary may request;
‘‘(6) a description of the effectiveness of teachers, principals,
or other school leaders in the local educational agency and
the schools to be served under the grant and the extent to
which the system will increase the effectiveness of teachers,
principals, or other school leaders in such schools;
‘‘(7) a description of how the eligible entity will use grant
funds under this subpart in each year of the grant, including
a timeline for implementation of such activities;
‘‘(8) a description of how the eligible entity will continue
the activities assisted under the grant after the grant period
ends;
‘‘(9) a description of the State, local, or other public or
private funds that will be used to supplement the grant,
including funds under part A, and sustain the activities assisted
under the grant after the end of the grant period;
‘‘(10) a description of—
‘‘(A) the rationale for the project;
‘‘(B) how the proposed activities are evidence-based;
and
‘‘(C) if applicable, the prior experience of the eligible
entity in developing and implementing such activities; and
‘‘(11) a description of how activities funded under this
subpart will be evaluated, monitored, and publically reported.
‘‘(d) AWARD BASIS.—
‘‘(1) PRIORITY.—In awarding a grant under this subpart,
the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity that concentrates the activities proposed to be assisted under the grant
on teachers, principals, or other school leaders serving in highneed schools.
‘‘(2) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION.—To the extent practicable,
the Secretary shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution
of grants under this subpart, including the distribution of such
grants between rural and urban areas.
‘‘(e) USE OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that receives a grant
under this subpart shall use the grant funds to develop, implement, improve, or expand, in collaboration with teachers, principals, other school leaders, and members of the public, a
performance-based compensation system or human capital
management system consistent with this subpart.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(2) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.—Grant funds under this subpart may be used for one or more of the following:
‘‘(A) Developing or improving an evaluation and support system, including as part of a human capital management system as applicable, that—
‘‘(i) reflects clear and fair measures of teacher,
principal, or other school leader performance, based
in part on demonstrated improvement in student academic achievement; and
‘‘(ii) provides teachers, principals, or other school
leaders with ongoing, differentiated, targeted, and
personalized support and feedback for improvement,
including professional development opportunities
designed to increase effectiveness.
‘‘(B) Conducting outreach within a local educational
agency or a State to gain input on how to construct an
evaluation and support system described in subparagraph
(A) and to develop support for the evaluation and support
system, including by training appropriate personnel in how
to observe and evaluate teachers, principals, or other school
leaders.
‘‘(C) Providing principals or other school leaders with—
‘‘(i) balanced autonomy to make budgeting, scheduling, and other school-level decisions in a manner
that meets the needs of the school without compromising the intent or essential components of the policies of the local educational agency or State; and
‘‘(ii) authority to make staffing decisions that meet
the needs of the school, such as building an instructional leadership team that includes teacher leaders
or offering opportunities for teams or pairs of effective
teachers or candidates to teach or start teaching in
high-need schools together.
‘‘(D) Implementing, as part of a comprehensive
performance-based compensation system, a differentiated
salary structure, which may include bonuses and stipends,
to—
‘‘(i) teachers who—
‘‘(I) teach in—
‘‘(aa) high-need schools; or
‘‘(bb) high-need subjects;
‘‘(II) raise student academic achievement; or
‘‘(III) take on additional leadership responsibilities; or
‘‘(ii) principals or other school leaders who serve
in high-need schools and raise student academic
achievement in the schools.
‘‘(E) Improving the local educational agency’s system
and process for the recruitment, selection, placement, and
retention of effective teachers, principals, or other school
leaders in high-need schools, such as by improving local
educational agency policies and procedures to ensure that
high-need schools are competitive and timely in—
‘‘(i) attracting, hiring, and retaining effective educators;
‘‘(ii) offering bonuses or higher salaries to effective
educators; or

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129 STAT. 1935

‘‘(iii) establishing or strengthening school leader
residency programs and teacher residency programs.
‘‘(F) Instituting career advancement opportunities
characterized by increased responsibility and pay that
reward and recognize effective teachers, principals, or other
school leaders in high-need schools and enable them to
expand their leadership and results, such as through
teacher-led professional development, mentoring, coaching,
hybrid roles, administrative duties, and career ladders.
‘‘(f) MATCHING REQUIREMENT.—Each eligible entity that
receives a grant under this subpart shall provide, from non-Federal
sources, an amount equal to 50 percent of the amount of the
grant (which may be provided in cash or in kind) to carry out
the activities supported by the grant.
‘‘(g) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Grant funds provided under
this subpart shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal or State funds available to carry out activities described in
this subpart.

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‘‘SEC. 2213. REPORTS.

20 USC 6633.

‘‘(a) ACTIVITIES SUMMARY.—Each eligible entity receiving a
grant under this subpart shall provide to the Secretary a summary
of the activities assisted under the grant.
‘‘(b) REPORT.—The Secretary shall provide to Congress an
annual report on the implementation of the program carried out
under this subpart, including—
‘‘(1) information on eligible entities that received grant
funds under this subpart, including—
‘‘(A) information provided by eligible entities to the
Secretary in the applications submitted under section
2212(c);
‘‘(B) the summaries received under subsection (a); and
‘‘(C) grant award amounts; and
‘‘(2) student academic achievement and, as applicable,
growth data from the schools participating in the programs
supported under the grant.
‘‘(c) EVALUATION AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—
‘‘(1) RESERVATION OF FUNDS.—Of the total amount reserved
for this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve
for such fiscal year not more than 1 percent for the cost of
the evaluation under paragraph (2) and for technical assistance
in carrying out this subpart.
‘‘(2) EVALUATION.—From amounts reserved under paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the
Institute of Education Sciences, shall carry out an independent
evaluation to measure the effectiveness of the program assisted
under this subpart.
‘‘(3) CONTENTS.—The evaluation under paragraph (2) shall
measure—
‘‘(A) the effectiveness of the program in improving student academic achievement;
‘‘(B) the satisfaction of the participating teachers, principals, or other school leaders; and
‘‘(C) the extent to which the program assisted the
eligible entities in recruiting and retaining high-quality
teachers, principals, or other school leaders, especially in
high-need subject areas.

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‘‘Subpart 2—Literacy Education for All, Results
for the Nation

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20 USC 6641.

‘‘SEC. 2221. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

‘‘(a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this subpart are—
‘‘(1) to improve student academic achievement in reading
and writing by providing Federal support to States to develop,
revise, or update comprehensive literacy instruction plans that,
when implemented, ensure high-quality instruction and effective strategies in reading and writing from early education
through grade 12; and
‘‘(2) for States to provide targeted subgrants to early childhood education programs and local educational agencies and
their public or private partners to implement evidence-based
programs that ensure high-quality comprehensive literacy
instruction for students most in need.
‘‘(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this subpart:
‘‘(1) COMPREHENSIVE LITERACY INSTRUCTION.—The term
‘comprehensive literacy instruction’ means instruction that—
‘‘(A) includes developmentally appropriate, contextually
explicit, and systematic instruction, and frequent practice,
in reading and writing across content areas;
‘‘(B) includes age-appropriate, explicit, systematic, and
intentional instruction in phonological awareness, phonic
decoding, vocabulary, language structure, reading fluency,
and reading comprehension;
‘‘(C) includes age-appropriate, explicit instruction in
writing, including opportunities for children to write with
clear purposes, with critical reasoning appropriate to the
topic and purpose, and with specific instruction and feedback from instructional staff;
‘‘(D) makes available and uses diverse, high-quality
print materials that reflect the reading and development
levels, and interests, of children;
‘‘(E) uses differentiated instructional approaches,
including individual and small group instruction and
discussion;
‘‘(F) provides opportunities for children to use language
with peers and adults in order to develop language skills,
including developing vocabulary;
‘‘(G) includes frequent practice of reading and writing
strategies;
‘‘(H) uses age-appropriate, valid, and reliable screening
assessments, diagnostic assessments, formative assessment
processes, and summative assessments to identify a child’s
learning needs, to inform instruction, and to monitor the
child’s progress and the effects of instruction;
‘‘(I) uses strategies to enhance children’s motivation
to read and write and children’s engagement in self-directed
learning;
‘‘(J) incorporates the principles of universal design for
learning;
‘‘(K) depends on teachers’ collaboration in planning,
instruction, and assessing a child’s progress and on continuous professional learning; and

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‘‘(L) links literacy instruction to the challenging State
academic standards, including the ability to navigate,
understand, and write about, complex print and digital
subject matter.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means an
entity that consists of—
‘‘(A) one or more local educational agencies that serve
a high percentage of high-need schools and—
‘‘(i) have the highest number or proportion of children who are counted under section 1124(c), in
comparison to other local educational agencies in the
State;
‘‘(ii) are among the local educational agencies in
the State with the highest number or percentages of
children reading or writing below grade level, based
on the most currently available State academic assessment data under section 1111(b)(2); or
‘‘(iii) serve a significant number or percentage of
schools that are implementing comprehensive support
and improvement activities and targeted support and
improvement activities under section 1111(d);
‘‘(B) one or more early childhood education programs
serving low-income or otherwise disadvantaged children,
which may include home-based literacy programs for preschool-aged children, that have a demonstrated record of
providing comprehensive literacy instruction for the age
group such program proposes to serve; or
‘‘(C) a local educational agency, described in subparagraph (A), or consortium of such local educational agencies,
or an early childhood education program, which may
include home-based literacy programs for preschool-aged
children, acting in partnership with 1 or more public or
private nonprofit organizations or agencies (which may
include early childhood education programs) that have a
demonstrated record of effectiveness in—
‘‘(i) improving literacy achievement of children,
consistent with the purposes of participation under
this subpart, from birth through grade 12; and
‘‘(ii) providing professional development in comprehensive literacy instruction.
‘‘(3) HIGH-NEED SCHOOL.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘high-need school’ means—
‘‘(i) an elementary school or middle school in which
not less than 50 percent of the enrolled students are
children from low-income families; or
‘‘(ii) a high school in which not less than 40 percent
of the enrolled students are children from low-income
families, which may be calculated using comparable
data from the schools that feed into the high school.
‘‘(B) LOW-INCOME FAMILY.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘low-income family’ means a family—
‘‘(i) in which the children are eligible for a free
or reduced-price lunch under the Richard B. Russell
National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
‘‘(ii) receiving assistance under the program of
block grants to States for temporary assistance for
needy families established under part A of title IV

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of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
or
‘‘(iii) in which the children are eligible to receive
medical assistance under the Medicaid program under
title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396
et seq.).

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20 USC 6642.

‘‘SEC.

2222.

COMPREHENSIVE
GRANTS.

LITERACY

STATE

DEVELOPMENT

‘‘(a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—From the amounts reserved by the
Secretary under section 2201(2) and not reserved under subsection
(b), the Secretary shall award grants, on a competitive basis, to
State educational agencies to enable the State educational agencies
to—
‘‘(1) provide subgrants to eligible entities serving a diversity
of geographic areas, giving priority to entities serving greater
numbers or percentages of children from low-income families;
and
‘‘(2) develop or enhance comprehensive literacy instruction
plans that ensure high-quality instruction and effective strategies in reading and writing for children from early childhood
education through grade 12, including English learners and
children with disabilities.
‘‘(b) RESERVATION.—From the amounts reserved to carry out
this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
‘‘(1) not more than a total of 5 percent for national activities, including a national evaluation, technical assistance and
training, data collection, and reporting;
‘‘(2) one half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the Interior
to carry out a program described in this subpart at schools
operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; and
‘‘(3) one half of 1 percent for the outlying areas to carry
out a program under this subpart.
‘‘(c) DURATION OF GRANTS.—A grant awarded under this subpart shall be for a period of not more than 5 years total. Such
grant may be renewed for an additional 2-year period upon the
termination of the initial period of the grant if the grant recipient
demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that—
‘‘(1) the State has made adequate progress; and
‘‘(2) renewing the grant for an additional 2-year period
is necessary to carry out the objectives of the grant described
in subsection (d).
‘‘(d) STATE APPLICATIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency desiring a
grant under this subpart shall submit an application to the
Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary
may require. The State educational agency shall collaborate
with the State agency responsible for administering early childhood education programs and the State agency responsible
for administering child care programs in the State in writing
and implementing the early childhood education portion of the
grant application under this subsection.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—An application described in paragraph (1)
shall include, at a minimum, the following:
‘‘(A) A needs assessment that analyzes literacy needs
across the State and in high-need schools and local educational agencies that serve high-need schools, including

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identifying the most significant gaps in literacy proficiency
and inequities in student access to effective teachers of
literacy, considering each of the subgroups of students,
as defined in section 1111(c)(2).
‘‘(B) A description of how the State educational agency,
in collaboration with the State literacy team, if applicable,
will develop a State comprehensive literacy instruction plan
or will revise and update an already existing State comprehensive literacy instruction plan.
‘‘(C) An implementation plan that includes a description of how the State educational agency will carry out
the State activities described in subsection (f).
‘‘(D) An assurance that the State educational agency
will use implementation grant funds described in subsection (f)(1) for comprehensive literacy instruction programs as follows:
‘‘(i) Not less than 15 percent of such grant funds
shall be used for State and local programs and activities pertaining to children from birth through kindergarten entry.
‘‘(ii) Not less than 40 percent of such grant funds
shall be used for State and local programs and activities, allocated equitably among the grades of kindergarten through grade 5.
‘‘(iii) Not less than 40 percent of such grant funds
shall be used for State and local programs and activities, allocated equitably among grades 6 through 12.
‘‘(E) An assurance that the State educational agency
will give priority in awarding a subgrant under section
2223 to an eligible entity that—
‘‘(i) serves children from birth through age 5 who
are from families with income levels at or below 200
percent of the Federal poverty line; or
‘‘(ii) is a local educational agency serving a high
number or percentage of high-need schools.
‘‘(e) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to State educational agencies that will
use the grant funds for evidence-based activities, defined for the
purpose of this subsection as activities meeting the requirements
of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(f) STATE ACTIVITIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency receiving
a grant under this section shall use not less than 95 percent
of such grant funds to award subgrants to eligible entities,
based on their needs assessment and a competitive application
process.
‘‘(2) RESERVATION.—A State educational agency receiving
a grant under this section may reserve not more than 5 percent
for activities identified through the needs assessment and comprehensive literacy plan described in subparagraphs (A) and
(B) of subsection (d)(2), including the following activities:
‘‘(A) Providing technical assistance, or engaging qualified providers to provide technical assistance, to eligible
entities to enable the eligible entities to design and implement literacy programs.
‘‘(B) Coordinating with institutions of higher education
in the State to provide recommendations to strengthen

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
and enhance pre-service courses for students preparing
to teach children from birth through grade 12 in explicit,
systematic, and intensive instruction in evidence-based literacy methods.
‘‘(C) Reviewing and updating, in collaboration with
teachers and institutions of higher education, State licensure or certification standards in the area of literacy
instruction in early education through grade 12.
‘‘(D) Making publicly available, including on the State
educational agency’s website, information on promising
instructional practices to improve child literacy achievement.
‘‘(E) Administering and monitoring the implementation
of subgrants by eligible entities.
‘‘(3) ADDITIONAL USES.—After carrying out the activities
described in paragraphs (1) and (2), a State educational agency
may use any remaining amount to carry out 1 or more of
the following activities:
‘‘(A) Developing literacy coach training programs and
training literacy coaches.
‘‘(B) Administration and evaluation of activities carried
out under this subpart.

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20 USC 6643.

‘‘SEC. 2223. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF BIRTH
THROUGH KINDERGARTEN ENTRY LITERACY.

‘‘(a) SUBGRANTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency receiving
a grant under this subpart shall, in consultation with the
State agencies responsible for administering early childhood
education programs and services, including the State agency
responsible for administering child care programs, and, if
applicable, the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education and Care designated or established pursuant to section
642B(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C.
9837b(b)(1)(A)(i)), use a portion of the grant funds, in accordance with section 2222(d)(2)(D)(i), to award subgrants, on a
competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to support high-quality early literacy initiatives for children
from birth through kindergarten entry.
‘‘(2) DURATION.—The term of a subgrant under this section
shall be determined by the State educational agency awarding
the subgrant and shall in no case exceed 5 years.
‘‘(3) SUFFICIENT SIZE AND SCOPE.—Each subgrant awarded
under this section shall be of sufficient size and scope to allow
the eligible entity to carry out high-quality early literacy initiatives for children from birth through kindergarten entry.
‘‘(b) LOCAL APPLICATIONS.—An eligible entity desiring to receive
a subgrant under this section shall submit an application to the
State educational agency, at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may
require. Such application shall include a description of—
‘‘(1) how the subgrant funds will be used to enhance the
language and literacy development and school readiness of
children, from birth through kindergarten entry, in early childhood education programs, which shall include an analysis of
data that support the proposed use of subgrant funds;

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‘‘(2) how the subgrant funds will be used to prepare and
provide ongoing assistance to staff in the programs, including
through high-quality professional development;
‘‘(3) how the activities assisted under the subgrant will
be coordinated with comprehensive literacy instruction at the
kindergarten through grade 12 levels; and
‘‘(4) how the subgrant funds will be used to evaluate the
success of the activities assisted under the subgrant in
enhancing the early language and literacy development of children from birth through kindergarten entry.
‘‘(c) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the State
educational agency shall give priority to an eligible entity that
will use the grant funds to implement evidence-based activities,
defined for the purpose of this subsection as activities meeting
the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(d) LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.—An eligible entity that receives
a subgrant under this section shall use the subgrant funds, consistent with the entity’s approved application under subsection (b),
to—
‘‘(1) carry out high-quality professional development
opportunities for early childhood educators, teachers, principals,
other school leaders, paraprofessionals, specialized instructional
support personnel, and instructional leaders;
‘‘(2) train providers and personnel to develop and administer evidence-based early childhood education literacy initiatives; and
‘‘(3) coordinate the involvement of families, early childhood
education program staff, principals, other school leaders,
specialized instructional support personnel (as appropriate),
and teachers in literacy development of children served under
the subgrant.

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‘‘SEC. 2224. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF
KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE 12 LITERACY.

20 USC 6644.

‘‘(a) SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—
‘‘(1) SUBGRANTS.—A State educational agency receiving a
grant under this subpart shall use a portion of the grant
funds, in accordance with clauses (ii) and (iii) of section
2222(d)(2)(D), to award subgrants, on a competitive basis, to
eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to carry out
the authorized activities described in subsections (c) and (d).
‘‘(2) DURATION.—The term of a subgrant under this section
shall be determined by the State educational agency awarding
the subgrant and shall in no case exceed 5 years.
‘‘(3) SUFFICIENT SIZE AND SCOPE.—A State educational
agency shall award subgrants under this section of sufficient
size and scope to allow the eligible entities to carry out highquality comprehensive literacy instruction in each grade level
for which the subgrant funds are provided.
‘‘(4) LOCAL APPLICATIONS.—An eligible entity desiring to
receive a subgrant under this section shall submit an application to the State educational agency at such time, in such
manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may require. Such application shall include,
for each school that the eligible entity identifies as participating
in a subgrant program under this section, the following information:

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‘‘(A) A description of the eligible entity’s needs assessment conducted to identify how subgrant funds will be
used to inform and improve comprehensive literacy instruction at the school.
‘‘(B) How the school, the local educational agency, or
a provider of high-quality professional development will
provide ongoing high-quality professional development to
all teachers, principals, other school leaders, specialized
instructional support personnel (as appropriate), and other
instructional leaders served by the school.
‘‘(C) How the school will identify children in need of
literacy interventions or other support services.
‘‘(D) An explanation of how the school will integrate
comprehensive literacy instruction into a well-rounded education.
‘‘(E) A description of how the school will coordinate
comprehensive literacy instruction with early childhood
education programs and activities and after-school programs and activities in the area served by the local educational agency.
‘‘(b) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the State
educational agency shall give priority to an eligible entity that
will use funds under subsection (c) or (d) to implement evidencebased activities, defined for the purpose of this subsection as activities meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(c) LOCAL USES OF FUNDS FOR KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE
5.—An eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this section
shall use the subgrant funds to carry out the following activities
pertaining to children in kindergarten through grade 5:
‘‘(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive literacy
instruction plan across content areas for such children that—
‘‘(A) serves the needs of all children, including children
with disabilities and English learners, especially children
who are reading or writing below grade level;
‘‘(B) provides intensive, supplemental, accelerated, and
explicit intervention and support in reading and writing
for children whose literacy skills are below grade level;
and
‘‘(C) supports activities that are provided primarily
during the regular school day but that may be augmented
by after-school and out-of-school time instruction.
‘‘(2) Providing high-quality professional development
opportunities for teachers, literacy coaches, literacy specialists,
English as a second language specialists (as appropriate), principals, other school leaders, specialized instructional support
personnel, school librarians, paraprofessionals, and other program staff.
‘‘(3) Training principals, specialized instructional support
personnel, and other local educational agency personnel to support, develop, administer, and evaluate high-quality kindergarten through grade 5 literacy initiatives.
‘‘(4) Coordinating the involvement of early childhood education program staff, principals, other instructional leaders,
teachers, teacher literacy teams, English as a second language
specialists (as appropriate), special educators, school personnel,
and specialized instructional support personnel (as appropriate)

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in the literacy development of children served under this subsection.
‘‘(5) Engaging families and encouraging family literacy
experiences and practices to support literacy development.
‘‘(d) LOCAL USES OF FUNDS FOR GRADES 6 THROUGH 12.—
An eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this section shall
use subgrant funds to carry out the following activities pertaining
to children in grades 6 through 12:
‘‘(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive literacy
instruction plan described in subsection (c)(1) for children in
grades 6 through 12.
‘‘(2) Training principals, specialized instructional support
personnel, school librarians, and other local educational agency
personnel to support, develop, administer, and evaluate highquality comprehensive literacy instruction initiatives for grades
6 through 12.
‘‘(3) Assessing the quality of adolescent comprehensive literacy instruction as part of a well-rounded education.
‘‘(4) Providing time for teachers to meet to plan evidencebased adolescent comprehensive literacy instruction to be delivered as part of a well-rounded education.
‘‘(5) Coordinating the involvement of principals, other
instructional leaders, teachers, teacher literacy teams, English
as a second language specialists (as appropriate), paraprofessionals, special educators, specialized instructional support personnel (as appropriate), and school personnel in the literacy
development of children served under this subsection.
‘‘(e) ALLOWABLE USES.—An eligible entity that receives a
subgrant under this section may, in addition to carrying out the
activities described in subsections (c) and (d), use subgrant funds
to carry out the following activities pertaining to children in kindergarten through grade 12:
‘‘(1) Recruiting, placing, training, and compensating literacy
coaches.
‘‘(2) Connecting out-of-school learning opportunities to inschool learning in order to improve children’s literacy achievement.
‘‘(3) Training families and caregivers to support the
improvement of adolescent literacy.
‘‘(4) Providing for a multi-tier system of supports for literacy
services.
‘‘(5) Forming a school literacy leadership team to help
implement, assess, and identify necessary changes to the literacy initiatives in 1 or more schools to ensure success.
‘‘(6) Providing time for teachers (and other literacy staff,
as appropriate, such as school librarians or specialized instructional support personnel) to meet to plan comprehensive literacy
instruction.

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‘‘SEC. 2225. NATIONAL EVALUATION AND INFORMATION DISSEMINATION.

20 USC 6645.

‘‘(a) NATIONAL EVALUATION.—From funds reserved under section 2222(b)(1), the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences
shall conduct a national evaluation of the grant and subgrant
programs assisted under this subpart. Such evaluation shall include
high-quality research that applies rigorous and systematic procedures to obtain valid knowledge relevant to the implementation

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and effect of the programs and shall directly coordinate with individual State evaluations of the programs’ implementation and
impact.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM IMPROVEMENT.—The Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) provide the findings of the evaluation conducted under
this section to State educational agencies and subgrant recipients for use in program improvement;
‘‘(2) make such findings publicly available, including on
the websites of the Department and the Institute of Education
Sciences;
‘‘(3) submit such findings to the Committee on Health,
Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives; and
‘‘(4) make publicly available, in a manner consistent with
paragraph (2), best practices for implementing evidence-based
activities under this subpart, including evidence-based activities, defined for the purpose of this paragraph as activities
meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).

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20 USC 6646.

‘‘SEC. 2226. INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO LITERACY.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From amounts reserved under section
2201(2), the Secretary may award grants, contracts, or cooperative
agreements, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities for the purposes of promoting literacy programs that support the development
of literacy skills in low-income communities, including—
‘‘(1) developing and enhancing effective school library programs, which may include providing professional development
for school librarians, books, and up-to-date materials to highneed schools;
‘‘(2) early literacy services, including pediatric literacy programs through which, during well-child visits, medical providers trained in research-based methods of early language
and literacy promotion provide developmentally appropriate
books and recommendations to parents to encourage them to
read aloud to their children starting in infancy; and
‘‘(3) programs that provide high-quality books on a regular
basis to children and adolescents from low-income communities
to increase reading motivation, performance, and frequency.
‘‘(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) a local educational agency in which 20 percent
or more of the students served by the local educational
agency are from families with an income below the poverty
line;
‘‘(B) a consortium of such local educational agencies;
‘‘(C) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
‘‘(D) an eligible national nonprofit organization.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE NATIONAL NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION.—The
term ‘eligible national nonprofit organization’ means an
organization of national scope that—
‘‘(A) is supported by staff, which may include volunteers, or affiliates at the State and local levels; and
‘‘(B) demonstrates effectiveness or high-quality plans
for addressing childhood literacy activities for the population targeted by the grant.

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‘‘Subpart 3—American History and Civics
Education
‘‘SEC. 2231. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

20 USC 6661.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved by the Secretary
under section 2201(3), the Secretary is authorized to carry out
an American history and civics education program to improve—
‘‘(1) the quality of American history, civics, and government
education by educating students about the history and principles of the Constitution of the United States, including the
Bill of Rights; and
‘‘(2) the quality of the teaching of American history, civics,
and government in elementary schools and secondary schools,
including the teaching of traditional American history.
‘‘(b) FUNDING ALLOTMENT.—Of the amount available under subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary—
‘‘(1) shall reserve not less than 26 percent for activities
under section 2232; and
‘‘(2) may reserve not more than 74 percent for activities
under section 2233.

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‘‘SEC. 2232. PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ACADEMIES FOR
AMERICAN HISTORY AND CIVICS.

20 USC 6662.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the amounts reserved under section
2231(b)(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award not more
than 12 grants, on a competitive basis, to—
‘‘(1) eligible entities to establish Presidential Academies
for the Teaching of American History and Civics (in this section
referred to as the ‘Presidential Academies’) in accordance with
subsection (e); and
‘‘(2) eligible entities to establish Congressional Academies
for Students of American History and Civics (in this section
referred to as the ‘Congressional Academies’) in accordance
with subsection (f).
‘‘(b) APPLICATION.—An eligible entity that desires to receive
a grant under subsection (a) shall submit an application to the
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may
reasonably require.
‘‘(c) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ under this
section means—
‘‘(1) an institution of higher education or nonprofit educational organization, museum, library, or research center with
demonstrated expertise in historical methodology or the
teaching of American history and civics; or
‘‘(2) a consortium of entities described in paragraph (1).
‘‘(d) GRANT TERMS.—Grants awarded to eligible entities under
subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more than 5 years.
‘‘(e) PRESIDENTIAL ACADEMIES.—
‘‘(1) USE OF FUNDS.—Each eligible entity that receives a
grant under subsection (a)(1) shall use the grant funds to
establish a Presidential Academy that offers a seminar or
institute for teachers of American history and civics, which—
‘‘(A) provides intensive professional development
opportunities for teachers of American history and civics
to strengthen such teachers’ knowledge of the subjects of
American history and civics;

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‘‘(B) is led by a team of primary scholars and core
teachers who are accomplished in the field of American
history and civics;
‘‘(C) is conducted during the summer or other appropriate time; and
‘‘(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not more than
6 weeks in duration.
‘‘(2) SELECTION OF TEACHERS.—Each year, each Presidential
Academy shall select between 50 and 300 teachers of American
history and civics from public or private elementary schools
and secondary schools to attend the seminar or institute under
paragraph (1).
‘‘(3) TEACHER STIPENDS.—Each teacher selected to participate in a seminar or institute under this subsection shall be
awarded a fixed stipend based on the length of the seminar
or institute to ensure that such teacher does not incur personal
costs associated with the teacher’s participation in the seminar
or institute.
‘‘(4) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under subsection (a)(1),
the Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that coordinate or align their activities with the National Park Service
National Centennial Parks initiative to develop innovative and
comprehensive programs using the resources of the National
Parks.
‘‘(f) CONGRESSIONAL ACADEMIES.—
‘‘(1) USE OF FUNDS.—Each eligible entity that receives a
grant under subsection (a)(2) shall use the grant funds to
establish a Congressional Academy that offers a seminar or
institute for outstanding students of American history and
civics, which—
‘‘(A) broadens and deepens such students’ understanding of American history and civics;
‘‘(B) is led by a team of primary scholars and core
teachers who are accomplished in the field of American
history and civics;
‘‘(C) is conducted during the summer or other appropriate time; and
‘‘(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not more than
6 weeks in duration.
‘‘(2) SELECTION OF STUDENTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each year, each Congressional
Academy shall select between 100 and 300 eligible students
to attend the seminar or institute under paragraph (1).
‘‘(B) ELIGIBLE STUDENTS.—A student shall be eligible
to attend a seminar or institute offered by a Congressional
Academy under this subsection if the student—
‘‘(i) is recommended by the student’s secondary
school principal or other school leader to attend the
seminar or institute; and
‘‘(ii) will be a secondary school junior or senior
in the academic year following attendance at the seminar or institute.
‘‘(3) STUDENT STIPENDS.—Each student selected to participate in a seminar or institute under this subsection shall be
awarded a fixed stipend based on the length of the seminar
or institute to ensure that such student does not incur personal

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costs associated with the student’s participation in the seminar
or institute.
‘‘(g) MATCHING FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that receives funds
under subsection (a) shall provide, toward the cost of the activities assisted under the grant, from non-Federal sources, an
amount equal to 100 percent of the amount of the grant.
‘‘(2) WAIVER.—The Secretary may waive all or part of the
matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for any fiscal
year for an eligible entity if the Secretary determines that
applying the matching requirement would result in serious
hardship or an inability to carry out the activities described
in subsection (e) or (f).

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‘‘SEC. 2233. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

20 USC 6663.

‘‘(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is to promote new
and existing evidence-based strategies to encourage innovative
American history, civics and government, and geography instruction, learning strategies, and professional development activities
and programs for teachers, principals, or other school leaders,
particularly such instruction, strategies, activities, and programs
that benefit low-income students and underserved populations.
‘‘(b) IN GENERAL.—From the amounts reserved by the Secretary
under section 2231(b)(2), the Secretary shall award grants, on a
competitive basis, to eligible entities for the purposes of expanding,
developing, implementing, evaluating, and disseminating for voluntary use, innovative, evidence-based approaches or professional
development programs in American history, civics and government,
and geography, which—
‘‘(1) shall—
‘‘(A) show potential to improve the quality of student
achievement in, and teaching of, American history, civics
and government, or geography, in elementary schools and
secondary schools; and
‘‘(B) demonstrate innovation, scalability, accountability,
and a focus on underserved populations; and
‘‘(2) may include—
‘‘(A) hands-on civic engagement activities for teachers
and students; and
‘‘(B) programs that educate students about the history
and principles of the Constitution of the United States,
including the Bill of Rights.
‘‘(c) PROGRAM PERIODS AND DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A grant awarded by the Secretary to
an eligible entity under this section shall be for a period of
not more than 3 years.
‘‘(2) RENEWAL.—The Secretary may renew a grant awarded
under this section for 1 additional 2-year period.
‘‘(3) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—In awarding grants under
this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the extent
practicable, grants are distributed among eligible entities that
will serve geographically diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural areas.
‘‘(d) APPLICATIONS.—In order to receive a grant under this
section, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may
reasonably require.

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‘‘(e) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—In this section, the term ‘eligible entity’
means an institution of higher education or other nonprofit or
for-profit organization with demonstrated expertise in the development of evidence-based approaches with the potential to improve
the quality of American history, civics and government, or geography learning and teaching.

‘‘Subpart 4—Programs of National Significance
20 USC 6671.

‘‘SEC. 2241. FUNDING ALLOTMENT.

‘‘From the funds reserved under section 2201(4), the Secretary—
‘‘(1) shall use not less than 74 percent to carry out activities
under section 2242;
‘‘(2) shall use not less than 22 percent to carry out activities
under section 2243;
‘‘(3) shall use not less than 2 percent to carry out activities
under section 2244; and
‘‘(4) may reserve not more than 2 percent to carry out
activities under section 2245.

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20 USC 6672.

‘‘SEC. 2242. SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE EDUCATOR DEVELOPMENT.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved by the Secretary
under section 2241(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities for the purposes
of—
‘‘(1) providing teachers, principals, or other school leaders
from nontraditional preparation and certification routes or
pathways to serve in traditionally underserved local educational
agencies;
‘‘(2) providing evidence-based professional development
activities that address literacy, numeracy, remedial, or other
needs of local educational agencies and the students the agencies serve;
‘‘(3) providing teachers, principals, or other school leaders
with professional development activities that enhance or enable
the provision of postsecondary coursework through dual or
concurrent enrollment programs and early college high school
settings across a local educational agency;
‘‘(4) making freely available services and learning
opportunities to local educational agencies, through partnerships and cooperative agreements or by making the services
or opportunities publicly accessible through electronic means;
or
‘‘(5) providing teachers, principals, or other school leaders
with evidence-based professional enhancement activities, which
may include activities that lead to an advanced credential.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM PERIODS AND DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A grant awarded by the Secretary to
an eligible entity under this section shall be for a period of
not more than 3 years.
‘‘(2) RENEWAL.—The Secretary may renew a grant awarded
under this section for 1 additional 2-year period.
‘‘(3) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—In awarding grants under
this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the extent
practicable, grants are distributed among eligible entities that
will serve geographically diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural areas.

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‘‘(4) LIMITATION.—The Secretary shall not award more than
1 grant under this section to an eligible entity during a grant
competition.
‘‘(c) COST-SHARING.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that receives a grant
under this section shall provide, from non-Federal sources,
not less than 25 percent of the funds for the total cost for
each year of activities carried out under this section.
‘‘(2) ACCEPTABLE CONTRIBUTIONS.—An eligible entity that
receives a grant under this section may meet the requirement
of paragraph (1) by providing contributions in cash or in kind,
fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, and services.
‘‘(3) WAIVERS.—The Secretary may waive or modify the
requirement of paragraph (1) in cases of demonstrated financial
hardship.
‘‘(d) APPLICATIONS.—In order to receive a grant under this
section, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may
reasonably require. Such application shall include, at a minimum,
a certification that the services provided by an eligible entity under
the grant to a local educational agency or to a school served by
the local educational agency will not result in direct fees for participating students or parents.
‘‘(e) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity that will implement
evidence-based activities, defined for the purpose of this subsection
as activities meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(f) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—In this section, the term
‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(1) an institution of higher education that provides course
materials or resources that are evidence-based in increasing
academic achievement, graduation rates, or rates of postsecondary education matriculation;
‘‘(2) a national nonprofit entity with a demonstrated record
of raising student academic achievement, graduation rates, and
rates of higher education attendance, matriculation, or completion, or of effectiveness in providing preparation and professional development activities and programs for teachers, principals, or other school leaders;
‘‘(3) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
‘‘(4) a partnership consisting of—
‘‘(A) 1 or more entities described in paragraph (1) or
(2); and
‘‘(B) a for-profit entity.

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‘‘SEC. 2243. SCHOOL LEADER RECRUITMENT AND SUPPORT.

20 USC 6673.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved under section
2241(2) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants, on
a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable such entities to
improve the recruitment, preparation, placement, support, and
retention of effective principals or other school leaders in highneed schools, which may include—
‘‘(1) developing or implementing leadership training programs designed to prepare and support principals or other
school leaders in high-need schools, including through new
or alternative pathways or school leader residency programs;

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‘‘(2) developing or implementing programs or activities for
recruiting, selecting, and developing aspiring or current principals or other school leaders to serve in high-need schools;
‘‘(3) developing or implementing programs for recruiting,
developing, and placing school leaders to improve schools implementing comprehensive support and improvement activities and
targeted support and improvement activities under section
1111(d), including through cohort-based activities that build
effective instructional and school leadership teams and develop
a school culture, design, instructional program, and professional
development program focused on improving student learning;
‘‘(4) providing continuous professional development for principals or other school leaders in high-need schools;
‘‘(5) developing and disseminating information on best practices and strategies for effective school leadership in highneed schools, such as training and supporting principals to
identify, develop, and maintain school leadership teams using
various leadership models; and
‘‘(6) other evidence-based programs or activities described
in section 2101(c)(4) or section 2103(b)(3) focused on principals
or other school leaders in high-need schools.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM PERIODS AND DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A grant awarded by the Secretary to
an eligible entity under this section shall be for a period of
not more than 5 years.
‘‘(2) RENEWAL.—The Secretary may renew a grant awarded
under this section for 1 additional 2-year period.
‘‘(3) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—In awarding grants under
this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the extent
practicable, grants are distributed among eligible entities that
will serve geographically diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural areas.
‘‘(4) LIMITATION.—The Secretary shall not award more than
1 grant under this section to an eligible entity during a grant
competition.
‘‘(c) COST-SHARING.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that receives a grant
under this section shall provide, from non-Federal sources,
not less than 25 percent of the funds for the total cost for
each year of activities carried out under this section.
‘‘(2) ACCEPTABLE CONTRIBUTIONS.—An eligible entity that
receives a grant under this section may meet the requirement
of paragraph (1) by providing contributions in cash or in kind,
fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, and services.
‘‘(3) WAIVERS.—The Secretary may waive or modify the
requirement of paragraph (1) in cases of demonstrated financial
hardship.
‘‘(d) APPLICATIONS.—An eligible entity that desires a grant
under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application
at such time, and in such manner, as the Secretary may require.
‘‘(e) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity—
‘‘(1) with a record of preparing or developing principals
who—
‘‘(A) have improved school-level student outcomes;
‘‘(B) have become principals in high-need schools; and

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‘‘(C) remain principals in high-need schools for multiple
years; and
‘‘(2) who will implement evidence-based activities, defined
for the purpose of this paragraph as activities meeting the
requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(f) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) a local educational agency, including an educational service agency, that serves a high-need school or
a consortium of such agencies;
‘‘(B) a State educational agency or a consortium of
such agencies;
‘‘(C) a State educational agency in partnership with
1 or more local educational agencies, or educational service
agencies, that serve a high-need school;
‘‘(D) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
‘‘(E) an entity described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C),
or (D) in partnership with 1 or more nonprofit organizations
or institutions of higher education.
‘‘(2) HIGH-NEED SCHOOL.—The term ‘high-need school’
means—
‘‘(A) an elementary school in which not less than 50
percent of the enrolled students are from families with
incomes below the poverty line; or
‘‘(B) a secondary school in which not less than 40
percent of the enrolled students are from families with
incomes below the poverty line.

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‘‘SEC. 2244. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND NATIONAL EVALUATION.

20 USC 6674.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved under section
2241(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary—
‘‘(1) shall establish, in a manner consistent with section
203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20
U.S.C. 9602), a comprehensive center on students at risk of
not attaining full literacy skills due to a disability that meets
the purposes of subsection (b); and
‘‘(2) may—
‘‘(A) provide technical assistance, which may be carried
out directly or through grants or contracts, to States and
local educational agencies carrying out activities under this
part; and
‘‘(B) carry out evaluations of activities by States and
local educational agencies under this part, which shall
be conducted by a third party or by the Institute of Education Sciences.
‘‘(b) PURPOSES.—The comprehensive center established by the
Secretary under subsection (a)(1) shall—
‘‘(1) identify or develop free or low-cost evidence-based
assessment tools for identifying students at risk of not attaining
full literacy skills due to a disability, including dyslexia
impacting reading or writing, or developmental delay impacting
reading, writing, language processing, comprehension, or executive functioning;
‘‘(2) identify evidence-based literacy instruction, strategies,
and accommodations, including assistive technology, designed
to meet the specific needs of such students;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(3) provide families of such students with information
to assist such students;
‘‘(4) identify or develop evidence-based professional development for teachers, paraprofessionals, principals, other school
leaders, and specialized instructional support personnel to—
‘‘(A) understand early indicators of students at risk
of not attaining full literacy skills due to a disability,
including dyslexia impacting reading or writing, or developmental delay impacting reading, writing, language processing, comprehension, or executive functioning;
‘‘(B) use evidence-based screening assessments for early
identification of such students beginning not later than
kindergarten; and
‘‘(C) implement evidence-based instruction designed to
meet the specific needs of such students; and
‘‘(5) disseminate the products of the comprehensive center
to regionally diverse State educational agencies, local educational agencies, regional educational agencies, and schools,
including, as appropriate, through partnerships with other comprehensive centers established under section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9602),
and regional educational laboratories established under section
174 of the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C.
9564).

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20 USC 6675.

‘‘SEC. 2245. STEM MASTER TEACHER CORPS.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved under section
2241(4) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may award grants to—
‘‘(1) State educational agencies to enable such agencies
to support the development of a State-wide STEM master
teacher corps; or
‘‘(2) State educational agencies, or nonprofit organizations
in partnership with State educational agencies, to support the
implementation, replication, or expansion of effective science,
technology, engineering, and mathematics professional development programs in schools across the State through collaboration
with school administrators, principals, and STEM educators.
‘‘(b) STEM MASTER TEACHER CORPS.—In this section, the term
‘STEM master teacher corps’ means a State-led effort to elevate
the status of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
teaching profession by recognizing, rewarding, attracting, and
retaining outstanding science, technology, engineering, and mathematics teachers, particularly in high-need and rural schools, by—
‘‘(1) selecting candidates to be master teachers in the corps
on the basis of—
‘‘(A) content knowledge based on a screening examination; and
‘‘(B) pedagogical knowledge of and success in teaching;
‘‘(2) offering such teachers opportunities to—
‘‘(A) work with one another in scholarly communities;
and
‘‘(B) participate in and lead high-quality professional
development; and
‘‘(3) providing such teachers with additional appropriate
and substantial compensation for the work described in paragraph (2) and in the master teacher community.

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129 STAT. 1953

‘‘PART C—GENERAL PROVISIONS
20 USC 6691.

‘‘SEC. 2301. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

‘‘Funds made available under this title shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise
be used for activities authorized under this title.
20 USC 6692.

‘‘SEC. 2302. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.

‘‘(a) PROHIBITION AGAINST FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION, OR
CONTROL.—Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize
the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational agency,
or school’s—
‘‘(1) instructional content or materials, curriculum, program
of instruction, academic standards, or academic assessments;
‘‘(2) teacher, principal, or other school leader evaluation
system;
‘‘(3) specific definition of teacher, principal, or other school
leader effectiveness; or
‘‘(4) teacher, principal, or other school leader professional
standards, certification, or licensing.
‘‘(b) SCHOOL OR DISTRICT EMPLOYEES.—Nothing in this title
shall be construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies,
and procedures afforded school or school district employees under
Federal, State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or
court orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements,
memoranda of understanding, or other agreements between such
employees and their employers.’’.

TITLE III—LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION
FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT STUDENTS
SEC. 3001. REDESIGNATION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

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Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) is amended—
(1) by striking the title heading and inserting ‘‘LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND
IMMIGRANT STUDENTS’’;
(2) in part A—
(A) by striking section 3122;
(B) by redesignating sections 3123 through 3129 as
sections 3122 through 3128, respectively; and
(C) by striking subpart 4;
(3) by striking part B;
(4) by redesignating part C as part B; and
(5) in part B, as redesignated by paragraph (4)—
(A) by redesignating section 3301 as section 3201;
(B) by striking section 3302; and
(C) by redesignating sections 3303 and 3304 as sections
3202 and 3203, respectively.

20 USC 6842.
20 USC
6843–6849.
20 USC 6871.
20 USC
6891–6983.
20 USC 7011.
20 USC 7012.
20 USC 7013,
7014.

SEC. 3002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

Section 3001 (20 U.S.C. 6801) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 3001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
title—
‘‘(1) $756,332,450 for fiscal year 2017;
‘‘(2) $769,568,267 for fiscal year 2018;
‘‘(3) $784,959,633 for fiscal year 2019; and
‘‘(4) $884,959,633 for fiscal year 2020.’’.
SEC. 3003. ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

(a) PURPOSES.—Section 3102 (20 U.S.C. 6812) is amended to
read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 3102. PURPOSES.

‘‘The purposes of this part are—
‘‘(1) to help ensure that English learners, including
immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency and
develop high levels of academic achievement in English;
‘‘(2) to assist all English learners, including immigrant
children and youth, to achieve at high levels in academic subjects so that all English learners can meet the same challenging
State academic standards that all children are expected to
meet;
‘‘(3) to assist teachers (including preschool teachers), principals and other school leaders, State educational agencies,
local educational agencies, and schools in establishing, implementing, and sustaining effective language instruction educational programs designed to assist in teaching English
learners, including immigrant children and youth;
‘‘(4) to assist teachers (including preschool teachers), principals and other school leaders, State educational agencies,
and local educational agencies to develop and enhance their
capacity to provide effective instructional programs designed
to prepare English learners, including immigrant children and
youth, to enter all-English instructional settings; and
‘‘(5) to promote parental, family, and community participation in language instruction educational programs for the parents, families, and communities of English learners.’’.
(b) FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.—Section 3111 (20 U.S.C.
6821) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (A)
through (D) and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) Establishing and implementing, with timely and
meaningful consultation with local educational agencies
representing the geographic diversity of the State,
standardized statewide entrance and exit procedures,
including a requirement that all students who may be
English learners are assessed for such status within 30
days of enrollment in a school in the State.
‘‘(B) Providing effective teacher and principal preparation, effective professional development activities, and other
effective activities related to the education of English
learners, which may include assisting teachers, principals,
and other educators in—

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129 STAT. 1955

‘‘(i) meeting State and local certification and
licensing requirements for teaching English learners;
and
‘‘(ii) improving teaching skills in meeting the
diverse needs of English learners, including how to
implement effective programs and curricula on
teaching English learners.
‘‘(C) Planning, evaluation, administration, and interagency coordination related to the subgrants referred to
in paragraph (1).
‘‘(D) Providing technical assistance and other forms
of assistance to eligible entities that are receiving subgrants
from a State educational agency under this subpart,
including assistance in—
‘‘(i) identifying and implementing effective language instruction educational programs and curricula
for teaching English learners;
‘‘(ii) helping English learners meet the same challenging State academic standards that all children are
expected to meet;
‘‘(iii) identifying or developing, and implementing,
measures of English proficiency; and
‘‘(iv) strengthening and increasing parent, family,
and community engagement in programs that serve
English learners.
‘‘(E) Providing recognition, which may include providing financial awards, to recipients of subgrants under
section 3115 that have significantly improved the achievement and progress of English learners in meeting—
‘‘(i) the State-designed long-term goals established
under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), including measurements
of interim progress towards meeting such goals, based
on the State’s English language proficiency assessment
under section 1111(b)(2)(G); and
‘‘(ii) the challenging State academic standards.’’;
(B) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ‘‘ADMINISTRATIVE’’ and inserting ‘‘DIRECT ADMINISTRATIVE’’;
(ii) by striking ‘‘60 percent’’ and inserting ‘‘50 percent’’; and
(iii) by inserting ‘‘direct’’ before ‘‘administrative
costs’’; and
(2) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘section 3001(a)’’ and inserting ‘‘section 3001’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(iii) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(C) 6.5 percent of such amount for national activities
under sections 3131 and 3202, except that not more than
$2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved for the
National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition
and Language Instruction Educational Programs described
in section 3202.’’; and
(iv) by striking subparagraph (D);

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(B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
(C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
(D) in paragraph (2)(A), as redesignated by subparagraph (C)—
(i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking
‘‘section 3001(a)’’ and inserting ‘‘section 3001’’;
(ii) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient’’ and all that follows through ‘‘States; and’’ and
inserting ‘‘English learners in the State bears to the
number of English learners in all States, as determined
in accordance with paragraph (3)(A); and’’; and
(iii) in clause (ii), by inserting ‘‘, as determined
in accordance with paragraph (3)(B)’’ before the period
at the end; and
(E) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3) USE OF DATA FOR DETERMINATIONS.—In making State
allotments under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) determine the number of English learners in a
State and in all States, using the most accurate, up-todate data, which shall be—
‘‘(i) data available from the American Community
Survey conducted by the Department of Commerce,
which may be multiyear estimates;
‘‘(ii) the number of students being assessed for
English language proficiency, based on the State’s
English language proficiency assessment under section
1111(b)(2)(G), which may be multiyear estimates; or
‘‘(iii) a combination of data available under clauses
(i) and (ii); and
‘‘(B) determine the number of immigrant children and
youth in the State and in all States based only on data
available from the American Community Survey conducted
by the Department of Commerce, which may be multiyear
estimates.’’.
(c) NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE CHILDREN IN
SCHOOL.—Section 3112(a) (20 U.S.C. 6822(a)) is amended by
striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian Affairs’’ each place the term appears
and inserting ‘‘Bureau of Indian Education’’.
(d) STATE AND SPECIALLY QUALIFIED AGENCY PLANS.—Section
3113 (20 U.S.C. 6823) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘, in such manner, and
containing such information’’ and inserting ‘‘and in such
manner’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘making’’ and
inserting ‘‘awarding’’; and
(B) by striking paragraphs (2) through (6) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(2) describe how the agency will establish and implement,
with timely and meaningful consultation with local educational
agencies representing the geographic diversity of the State,
standardized, statewide entrance and exit procedures, including
an assurance that all students who may be English learners
are assessed for such status within 30 days of enrollment
in a school in the State;
‘‘(3) provide an assurance that—

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‘‘(A) the agency will ensure that eligible entities
receiving a subgrant under this subpart comply with the
requirement in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(ix) regarding assessment of English learners in English;
‘‘(B) the agency will ensure that eligible entities
receiving a subgrant under this subpart annually assess
the English proficiency of all English learners participating
in a program funded under this subpart, consistent with
section 1111(b)(2)(G);
‘‘(C) in awarding subgrants under section 3114, the
agency will address the needs of school systems of all
sizes and in all geographic areas, including school systems
with rural and urban schools;
‘‘(D) subgrants to eligible entities under section
3114(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to allow
such entities to carry out effective language instruction
educational programs for English learners;
‘‘(E) the agency will require an eligible entity receiving
a subgrant under this subpart to use the subgrant in
ways that will build such recipient’s capacity to continue
to offer effective language instruction educational programs
that assist English learners in meeting challenging State
academic standards;
‘‘(F) the agency will monitor each eligible entity
receiving a subgrant under this subpart for compliance
with applicable Federal fiscal requirements; and
‘‘(G) the plan has been developed in consultation with
local educational agencies, teachers, administrators of programs implemented under this subpart, parents of English
learners, and other relevant stakeholders;
‘‘(4) describe how the agency will coordinate its programs
and activities under this subpart with other programs and
activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;
‘‘(5) describe how each eligible entity will be given the
flexibility to teach English learners—
‘‘(A) using a high-quality, effective language instruction
curriculum for teaching English learners; and
‘‘(B) in the manner the eligible entity determines to
be the most effective;
‘‘(6) describe how the agency will assist eligible entities
in meeting—
‘‘(A) the State-designed long-term goals established
under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), including measurements of
interim progress towards meeting such goals, based on
the State’s English language proficiency assessment under
section 1111(b)(2)(G); and
‘‘(B) the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(7) describe how the agency will meet the unique needs
of children and youth in the State being served through the
reservation of funds under section 3114(d); and
‘‘(8) describe—
‘‘(A) how the agency will monitor the progress of each
eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this subpart in
helping English learners achieve English proficiency; and
‘‘(B) the steps the agency will take to further assist
eligible entities if the strategies funded under this subpart

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

are not effective, such as providing technical assistance
and modifying such strategies.’’;
(3) in subsection (d)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘this part’’ each place
the term appears and inserting ‘‘this subpart’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ‘‘this part’’ and
inserting ‘‘this subpart’’;
(4) in subsection (e), by striking ‘‘section 9302’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 8302’’; and
(5) in subsection (f)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘by the State’’ after ‘‘if requested’’;
and
(B) by striking ‘‘, objectives,’’.
(e) WITHIN-STATE ALLOCATIONS.—Section 3114 (20 U.S.C. 6824)
is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—After making the reservation required under
subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency receiving a grant
under section 3111(c)(2) shall award subgrants for a fiscal year
by allocating in a timely manner to each eligible entity in the
State having a plan approved under section 3116 an amount that
bears the same relationship to the amount received under the
grant and remaining after making such reservation as the population of English learners in schools served by the eligible entity
bears to the population of English learners in schools served by
all eligible entities in the State.’’; and
(2) in subsection (d)(1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘section 3111(c)(3)’’ and inserting ‘‘section 3111(c)(2)’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘preceding the fiscal year’’.
(f) SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—Section 3115 (20 U.S.C.
6825) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 3115. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

‘‘(a) PURPOSES OF SUBGRANTS.—A State educational agency may
make a subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the
agency under this subpart only if the entity agrees to expend
the funds to improve the education of English learners by assisting
the children to learn English and meet the challenging State academic standards. In carrying out activities with such funds, the
eligible entity shall use effective approaches and methodologies
for teaching English learners and immigrant children and youth
for the following purposes:
‘‘(1) Developing and implementing new language instruction educational programs and academic content instructional
programs for English learners and immigrant children and
youth, including early childhood education programs,
elementary school programs, and secondary school programs.
‘‘(2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally
designed activities to expand or enhance existing language
instruction educational programs and academic content instructional programs for English learners and immigrant children
and youth.
‘‘(3) Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide
programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to language

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instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for English learners and immigrant children and youth.
‘‘(4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a local
educational agency, agencywide programs for restructuring,
reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and
operations relating to language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for English learners
and immigrant children and youth.
‘‘(b) DIRECT ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—Each eligible entity
receiving funds under section 3114(a) for a fiscal year may use
not more than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of administering
this subpart.
‘‘(c) REQUIRED SUBGRANTEE ACTIVITIES.—An eligible entity
receiving funds under section 3114(a) shall use the funds—
‘‘(1) to increase the English language proficiency of English
learners by providing effective language instruction educational
programs that meet the needs of English learners and demonstrate success in increasing—
‘‘(A) English language proficiency; and
‘‘(B) student academic achievement;
‘‘(2) to provide effective professional development to classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings that
are not the settings of language instruction educational programs), principals and other school leaders, administrators,
and other school or community-based organizational personnel,
that is—
‘‘(A) designed to improve the instruction and assessment of English learners;
‘‘(B) designed to enhance the ability of such teachers,
principals, and other school leaders to understand and
implement curricula, assessment practices and measures,
and instructional strategies for English learners;
‘‘(C) effective in increasing children’s English language
proficiency or substantially increasing the subject matter
knowledge, teaching knowledge, and teaching skills of such
teachers; and
‘‘(D) of sufficient intensity and duration (which shall
not include activities such as 1-day or short-term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and lasting
impact on the teachers’ performance in the classroom,
except that this subparagraph shall not apply to an activity
that is one component of a long-term, comprehensive professional development plan established by a teacher and the
teacher’s supervisor based on an assessment of the needs
of the teacher, the supervisor, the students of the teacher,
and any local educational agency employing the teacher,
as appropriate; and
‘‘(3) to provide and implement other effective activities
and strategies that enhance or supplement language instruction
educational programs for English learners, which—
‘‘(A) shall include parent, family, and community
engagement activities; and
‘‘(B) may include strategies that serve to coordinate
and align related programs.
‘‘(d) AUTHORIZED SUBGRANTEE ACTIVITIES.—Subject to subsection (c), an eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a)

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

may use the funds to achieve any of the purposes described in
subsection (a) by undertaking 1 or more of the following activities:
‘‘(1) Upgrading program objectives and effective instructional strategies.
‘‘(2) Improving the instructional program for English
learners by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula,
instructional materials, educational software, and assessment
procedures.
‘‘(3) Providing to English learners—
‘‘(A) tutorials and academic or career and technical
education; and
‘‘(B) intensified instruction, which may include materials in a language that the student can understand, interpreters, and translators.
‘‘(4) Developing and implementing effective preschool,
elementary school, or secondary school language instruction
educational programs that are coordinated with other relevant
programs and services.
‘‘(5) Improving the English language proficiency and academic achievement of English learners.
‘‘(6) Providing community participation programs, family
literacy services, and parent and family outreach and training
activities to English learners and their families—
‘‘(A) to improve the English language skills of English
learners; and
‘‘(B) to assist parents and families in helping their
children to improve their academic achievement and
becoming active participants in the education of their children.
‘‘(7) Improving the instruction of English learners, which
may include English learners with a disability, by providing
for—
‘‘(A) the acquisition or development of educational technology or instructional materials;
‘‘(B) access to, and participation in, electronic networks
for materials, training, and communication; and
‘‘(C) incorporation of the resources described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, such
as those funded under this subpart.
‘‘(8) Offering early college high school or dual or concurrent
enrollment programs or courses designed to help English
learners achieve success in postsecondary education.
‘‘(9) Carrying out other activities that are consistent with
the purposes of this section.
‘‘(e) ACTIVITIES BY AGENCIES EXPERIENCING SUBSTANTIAL
INCREASES IN IMMIGRANT CHILDREN AND YOUTH.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity receiving funds under
section 3114(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities
that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for
immigrant children and youth, which may include—
‘‘(A) family literacy, parent and family outreach, and
training activities designed to assist parents and families
to become active participants in the education of their
children;
‘‘(B) recruitment of, and support for, personnel,
including teachers and paraprofessionals who have been

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specifically trained, or are being trained, to provide services
to immigrant children and youth;
‘‘(C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, and academic
or career counseling for immigrant children and youth;
‘‘(D) identification, development, and acquisition of curricular materials, educational software, and technologies
to be used in the program carried out with awarded funds;
‘‘(E) basic instructional services that are directly attributable to the presence of immigrant children and youth
in the local educational agency involved, including the payment of costs of providing additional classroom supplies,
costs of transportation, or such other costs as are directly
attributable to such additional basic instructional services;
‘‘(F) other instructional services that are designed to
assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in
elementary schools and secondary schools in the United
States, such as programs of introduction to the educational
system and civics education; and
‘‘(G) activities, coordinated with community-based
organizations, institutions of higher education, private
sector entities, or other entities with expertise in working
with immigrants, to assist parents and families of
immigrant children and youth by offering comprehensive
community services.
‘‘(2) DURATION OF SUBGRANTS.—The duration of a subgrant
made by a State educational agency under section 3114(d)(1)
shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.
‘‘(f) SELECTION OF METHOD OF INSTRUCTION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—To receive a subgrant from a State educational agency under this subpart, an eligible entity shall
select one or more methods or forms of effective instruction
to be used in the programs and activities undertaken by the
entity to assist English learners to attain English language
proficiency and meet challenging State academic standards.
‘‘(2) CONSISTENCY.—The selection described in paragraph
(1) shall be consistent with sections 3124 through 3126.
‘‘(g) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Federal funds made available under this subpart shall be used so as to supplement the
level of Federal, State, and local public funds that, in the absence
of such availability, would have been expended for programs for
English learners and immigrant children and youth and in no
case to supplant such Federal, State, and local public funds.’’.
(g) LOCAL PLANS.—Section 3116 (20 U.S.C. 6826) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through
(6) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) describe the effective programs and activities, including
language instruction educational programs, proposed to be
developed, implemented, and administered under the subgrant
that will help English learners increase their English language
proficiency and meet the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(2) describe how the eligible entity will ensure that
elementary schools and secondary schools receiving funds under
this subpart assist English learners in—
‘‘(A) achieving English proficiency based on the State’s
English language proficiency assessment under section
1111(b)(2)(G), consistent with the State’s long-term goals,
as described in section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii); and

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‘‘(B) meeting the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(3) describe how the eligible entity will promote parent,
family, and community engagement in the education of English
learners;
‘‘(4) contain assurances that—
‘‘(A) each local educational agency that is included
in the eligible entity is complying with section 1112(e)
prior to, and throughout, each school year as of the date
of application;
‘‘(B) the eligible entity is not in violation of any State
law, including State constitutional law, regarding the education of English learners, consistent with sections 3125
and 3126;
‘‘(C) the eligible entity consulted with teachers,
researchers, school administrators, parents and family
members, community members, public or private entities,
and institutions of higher education, in developing and
implementing such plan; and
‘‘(D) the eligible entity will, if applicable, coordinate
activities and share relevant data under the plan with
local Head Start and Early Head Start agencies, including
migrant and seasonal Head Start agencies, and other early
childhood education providers.’’;
(2) in subsection (c), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient
children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(3) by striking subsection (d).
(h) REPORTING.—Section 3121 (20 U.S.C. 6841) is amended
to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 3121. REPORTING.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Each eligible entity that receives a subgrant
from a State educational agency under subpart 1 shall provide
such agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal year during
which the subgrant is received, with a report, in a form prescribed
by the agency, on the activities conducted and children served
under such subpart that includes—
‘‘(1) a description of the programs and activities conducted
by the entity with funds received under subpart 1 during the
2 immediately preceding fiscal years, which shall include a
description of how such programs and activities supplemented
programs funded primarily with State or local funds;
‘‘(2) the number and percentage of English learners in
the programs and activities who are making progress toward
achieving English language proficiency, as described in section
1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), in the aggregate and disaggregated, at a minimum, by English learners with a disability;
‘‘(3) the number and percentage of English learners in
the programs and activities attaining English language proficiency based on State English language proficiency standards
established under section 1111(b)(1)(G) by the end of each
school year, as determined by the State’s English language
proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(G);
‘‘(4) the number and percentage of English learners who
exit the language instruction educational programs based on
their attainment of English language proficiency;
‘‘(5) the number and percentage of English learners meeting
challenging State academic standards for each of the 4 years

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after such children are no longer receiving services under this
part, in the aggregate and disaggregated, at a minimum, by
English learners with a disability;
‘‘(6) the number and percentage of English learners who
have not attained English language proficiency within 5 years
of initial classification as an English learner and first enrollment in the local educational agency; and
‘‘(7) any other information that the State educational
agency may require.
‘‘(b) USE OF REPORT.—A report provided by an eligible entity
under subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the State
educational agency for improvement of programs and activities
under this part.
‘‘(c) SPECIAL RULE FOR SPECIALLY QUALIFIED AGENCIES.—Each
specially qualified agency receiving a grant under subpart 1 shall
provide the reports described in subsection (a) to the Secretary
subject to the same requirements as apply to eligible entities providing such evaluations to State educational agencies under such
subsection.’’.
(i) BIENNIAL REPORTS.—Section 3122 (20 U.S.C. 6843), as
redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended—
(1) in the section heading, by striking ‘‘REPORTING
REQUIREMENTS’’ and inserting ‘‘BIENNIAL REPORTS’’;
(2) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking ‘‘evaluations’’ and inserting ‘‘reports’’;
and
(B) by striking ‘‘children who are limited English proficient’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(3) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’
and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘children who are limited English
proficient’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’;
(C) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘section 3111(b)(2)(C)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 3111(b)(2)(D)’’;
(D) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’;
(E) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘major findings of
scientifically based research carried out under this part’’
and inserting ‘‘findings of the most recent evaluation
related to English learners carried out under section 8601’’;
(F) in paragraph (8)—
(i) by striking ‘‘of limited English proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘of English learners’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘into classrooms where instruction
is not tailored for limited English proficient children’’;
and
(G) in paragraph (9), by striking ‘‘title’’ and inserting
‘‘part’’.
(j) COORDINATION WITH RELATED PROGRAMS.—Section 3123 (20
U.S.C. 6844), as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘children of limited English proficiency’’
and inserting ‘‘English learners’’;

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(2) by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’ and
inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(3) by inserting after the period at the end the following:
‘‘The Secretary shall report to the Congress on parallel Federal
programs in other agencies and departments.’’.
(k) RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.—Section 3124 (20 U.S.C. 6845),
as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient
children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘limited English proficient
children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’.
(l) PROHIBITION.—Section 3128 (20 U.S.C. 6849), as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended by striking ‘‘limited English
proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’.
(m) NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.—Section
3131 (20 U.S.C. 6861) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 3131. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.

‘‘The Secretary shall use funds made available under section
3111(c)(1)(C) to award grants on a competitive basis, for a period
of not more than 5 years, to institutions of higher education or
public or private entities with relevant experience and capacity
(in consortia with State educational agencies or local educational
agencies) to provide for professional development activities that
will improve classroom instruction for English learners and assist
educational personnel working with English learners to meet high
professional standards, including standards for certification and
licensure as teachers who work in language instruction educational
programs or serve English learners. Grants awarded under this
section may be used—
‘‘(1) for effective preservice or inservice professional
development programs that will improve the qualifications and
skills of educational personnel involved in the education of
English learners, including personnel who are not certified
or licensed and educational paraprofessionals, and for other
activities to increase teacher and school leader effectiveness
in meeting the needs of English learners;
‘‘(2) for the development of curricula or other instructional
strategies appropriate to the needs of the consortia participants
involved;
‘‘(3) to support strategies that strengthen and increase
parent, family, and community member engagement in the
education of English learners;
‘‘(4) to develop, share, and disseminate effective practices
in the instruction of English learners and in increasing the
student academic achievement of English learners, such as
through the use of technology-based programs;
‘‘(5) in conjunction with other Federal need-based student
financial assistance programs, for financial assistance, and costs
related to tuition, fees, and books for enrolling in courses
required to complete the degree involved, to meet certification
or licensing requirements for teachers who work in language
instruction educational programs or serve English learners;
and
‘‘(6) as appropriate, to support strategies that promote
school readiness of English learners and their transition from

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early childhood education programs, such as Head Start or
State-run preschool programs, to elementary school programs.’’.

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SEC. 3004. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

(a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 3201 (20 U.S.C. 7011), as redesignated by section 3001(5)(A), is amended—
(1) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5);
(2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
‘‘(3) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) one or more local educational agencies; or
‘‘(B) one or more local educational agencies, in consortia
or collaboration with an institution of higher education,
educational service agency, community-based organization,
or State educational agency.
‘‘(4) ENGLISH LEARNER WITH A DISABILITY.—The term
‘English learner with a disability’ means an English learner
who is also a child with a disability, as that term is defined
in section 602 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act.’’;
(3) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (15) as paragraphs (5) through (14), respectively;
(4) in paragraph (7)(A), as redesignated by paragraph (3)—
(A) by striking ‘‘a limited English proficient child’’ and
inserting ‘‘an English learner’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘challenging State academic content
and student academic achievement standards, as required
by section 1111(b)(1)’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging State academic standards’’; and
(5) in paragraph (12), as redesignated by paragraph (3),
by striking ‘‘, as defined in section 3141,’’.
(b) NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE.—Section 3202 (20 U.S.C. 7013),
as redesignated by section 3001(5)(C), is amended—
(1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘The Secretary shall’’ and inserting
the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’
and inserting ‘‘English learners’’;
(2) in paragraph (4)—
(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘limited English
proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners,
including English learners with a disability, that includes
information on best practices on instructing and serving
English learners’’; and
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘limited English
proficient children’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(b) CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall authorize
the Secretary to hire additional personnel to execute subsection
(a).’’.
(c) REGULATIONS.—Section 3203 (20 U.S.C. 7014), as redesignated by section 3001(5)(C), is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘limited English proficient individuals’’ and
inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘limited English proficient children’’ and
inserting ‘‘English learners’’.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

TITLE IV—21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS
SEC. 4001. REDESIGNATIONS AND TRANSFERS.

20 USC 7961.

20 USC 7151.

20 USC 7917.

20 USC 7181–
7184, 7971–7974.
20 USC 7131–
7164.

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20 USC 7131–
7140, 7161–7164.

20 USC 7131.

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(a) TITLE IV TRANSFERS AND RELATED AMENDMENTS.—
(1) Section 4303 (20 U.S.C. 7183) is amended—
(A) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ‘‘early childhood
development (Head Start) services’’ and inserting ‘‘early
childhood education programs’’;
(B) in subsection (c)(2)—
(i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ‘‘DEVELOPMENT SERVICES’’ and inserting ‘‘EDUCATION PROGRAMS’’;
and
(ii) by striking ‘‘development (Head Start) services’’
and inserting ‘‘education programs’’; and
(C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking subparagraph (C)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(C) such other matters as justice may require.’’.
(2) Subpart 3 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7151) is—
(A) transferred to title IX (as amended by section 2001
of this Act);
(B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 3 of part
E of such title (as so transferred and redesignated);
(C) redesignated as subpart 4 of such part; and
(D) amended by redesignating section 4141 as section
9551.
(3) Section 4155 (20 U.S.C. 7165) is—
(A) transferred to title IX (as amended by section 2001
of this Act and paragraph (2) of this subsection);
(B) inserted so as to appear after section 9536; and
(C) redesignated as section 9537.
(4) Part C of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7181 et seq.) (as amended
by paragraph (1) of this subsection) is—
(A) transferred to title IX (as amended by section 2001
of this Act and paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection);
(B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 4 of part
E of such title IX (as so transferred and redesignated);
and
(C) amended—
(i) by striking the part designation and heading
and inserting ‘‘Subpart 5—Environmental Tobacco
Smoke’’; and
(ii) by redesignating sections 4301 through 4304
as sections 9561 through 9564, respectively.
(5) Title IV (as amended by section 2001 of this Act and
paragraphs (1) through (4) of this subsection) is further
amended—
(A) in the part heading of part A, by striking ‘‘SAFE
AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITIES’’ and
inserting ‘‘STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT
GRANTS’’;
(B) by striking subparts 2 and 4 of part A;
(C) by redesignating subpart 5 of part A (as so transferred and redesignated by section 2001(4) of this Act)
as subpart 2 of part A; and
(D) by redesignating section 4161 (as so redesignated)
as section 4121.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1967

(b) TITLE V TRANSFERS AND RELATED AMENDMENTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.) is
amended—
(A) by striking part A;
(B) by striking subparts 2 and 3 of part B; and
(C) by striking part D.
(2) CHARTER SCHOOLS.—Part B of title V (20 U.S.C. 7221
et seq.) (as amended by paragraph (1) of this subsection) is—
(A) transferred to title IV (as amended by section 2001
of this Act and subsection (a) of this section);
(B) inserted so as to appear after part B of such title;
(C) redesignated as part C of such title; and
(D) further amended—
(i) in the part heading, by striking ‘‘PUBLIC
CHARTER SCHOOLS’’ and inserting ‘‘EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS’’;
(ii) by striking the subpart heading for subpart
1; and
(iii) by redesignating sections 5201 through 5211
as sections 4301 through 4311, respectively.
(3) MAGNET SCHOOLS.—Part C of title V (20 U.S.C. 7231
et seq.) is—
(A) transferred to title IV (as amended by section 2001
of this Act, subsection (a) of this section, and paragraph
(2) of this subsection)
(B) inserted so as to appear after part C of such title
(as so transferred and redesignated);
(C) redesignated as part D of such title; and
(D) amended—
(i) by redesignating sections 5301 through 5307
as sections 4401 through 4407, respectively;
(ii) by striking sections 5308 and 5310; and
(iii) by redesignating sections 5309 and 5311 as
sections 4408 and 4409, respectively.
(4) TITLE V.—Title V, as amended by this section, is
repealed.
SEC. 4002. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as redesignated and amended
by section 4001, is further amended by striking sections 4001
through 4003 and inserting the following:

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‘‘SEC. 4001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

20 USC 7021,
7211, 7211a,
7213, 7213a,
7215, 7215a,
7215b, 7217,
7217a–7217e.
20 USC 7223,
7223a–7223j,
7225,
7225a–7225g.
20 USC 7241,
7243,
7243a–7243c,
7245, 7247, 7249,
7251, 7253,
7253a–7253e,
7255,
7255a–7255f,
7257,
7257a–7257d,
7259,
7259a–7259c,
7261,
7261a–7261f,
7263, 7263a,
7263b, 7265,
7265a–7265e,
7267,
7267a–7267f,
7269, 7269a,
7271, 7273,
7273a–7273e,
7275, 7277,
7277a–7277e,
7279,
7279a–7279e,
7281, 7281a,
7281b, 7283,
7283a–7283g.
20 USC 7221,
7221a–7221j.
20 USC 7231,
7231a–7231j.
20 USC 7231,
7231a–7231j.
20 USC
7101–7103.
20 USC 7101.

‘‘(a) PARENTAL CONSENT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(A) INFORMED WRITTEN CONSENT.—A State, local educational agency, or other entity receiving funds under this
title shall obtain prior written, informed consent from the
parent of each child who is under 18 years of age to
participate in any mental-health assessment or service that
is funded under this title and conducted in connection
with an elementary school or secondary school under this
title.
‘‘(B) CONTENTS.—Before obtaining the consent
described in subparagraph (A), the entity shall provide
the parent written notice describing in detail such mental
health assessment or service, including the purpose for
such assessment or service, the provider of such assessment

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or service, when such assessment or service will begin,
and how long such assessment or service may last.
‘‘(C) LIMITATION.—The informed written consent
required under this paragraph shall not be a waiver of
any rights or protections under section 444 of the General
Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g).
‘‘(2) EXCEPTION.—Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(A), the
written, informed consent described in such paragraph shall
not be required in—
‘‘(A) an emergency, where it is necessary to protect
the immediate health and safety of the child, other children,
or entity personnel; or
‘‘(B) other instances in which an entity actively seeks
parental consent but such consent cannot be reasonably
obtained, as determined by the State or local educational
agency, including in the case of—
‘‘(i) a child whose parent has not responded to
the notice described in paragraph (1)(B); or
‘‘(ii) a child who has attained 14 years of age
and is an unaccompanied youth, as defined in section
725 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 11434a).
‘‘(b) PROHIBITED USE OF FUNDS.—No funds under this title
may be used for medical services or drug treatment or rehabilitation, except for integrated student supports, specialized instructional support services, or referral to treatment for impacted students, which may include students who are victims of, or witnesses
to, crime or who illegally use drugs.
‘‘(c) PROHIBITION ON MANDATORY MEDICATION.—No child shall
be required to obtain a prescription for a controlled substance,
as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21
U.S.C. 802) as a condition of—
‘‘(1) receiving an evaluation or other service described under
this title; or
‘‘(2) attending a school receiving assistance under this
title.’’.

PART A—STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC
ENRICHMENT GRANTS
SEC. 4101. STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS.

Subpart 1 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) is
amended to read as follows:

‘‘Subpart 1—Student Support and Academic
Enrichment Grants

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20 USC 7111.

‘‘SEC. 4101. PURPOSE.

‘‘The purpose of this subpart is to improve students’ academic
achievement by increasing the capacity of States, local educational
agencies, schools, and local communities to—
‘‘(1) provide all students with access to a well-rounded
education;
‘‘(2) improve school conditions for student learning; and
‘‘(3) improve the use of technology in order to improve
the academic achievement and digital literacy of all students.

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‘‘SEC. 4102. DEFINITIONS.

20 USC 7112.

‘‘In this subpart:
‘‘(1) BLENDED LEARNING.—The term ‘blended learning’
means a formal education program that leverages both technology-based and face-to-face instructional approaches—
‘‘(A) that include an element of online or digital
learning, combined with supervised learning time, and student-led learning, in which the elements are connected
to provide an integrated learning experience; and
‘‘(B) in which students are provided some control over
time, path, or pace.
‘‘(2) CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE.—The term ‘controlled substance’ means a drug or other substance identified under
Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V in section 202(c) of the Controlled
Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)).
‘‘(3) DIGITAL LEARNING.—The term ‘digital learning’ means
any instructional practice that effectively uses technology to
strengthen a student’s learning experience and encompasses
a wide spectrum of tools and practices, including—
‘‘(A) interactive learning resources, digital learning content (which may include openly licensed content), software,
or simulations, that engage students in academic content;
‘‘(B) access to online databases and other primary
source documents;
‘‘(C) the use of data and information to personalize
learning and provide targeted supplementary instruction;
‘‘(D) online and computer-based assessments;
‘‘(E) learning environments that allow for rich
collaboration and communication, which may include student collaboration with content experts and peers;
‘‘(F) hybrid or blended learning, which occurs under
direct instructor supervision at a school or other location
away from home and, at least in part, through online
delivery of instruction with some element of student control
over time, place, path, or pace; and
‘‘(G) access to online course opportunities for students
in rural or remote areas.
‘‘(4) DRUG.—The term ‘drug’ includes—
‘‘(A) controlled substances;
‘‘(B) the illegal use of alcohol or tobacco, including
smokeless tobacco products and electronic cigarettes; and
‘‘(C) the harmful, abusive, or addictive use of substances, including inhalants and anabolic steroids.
‘‘(5) DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION.—The term ‘drug and
violence prevention’ means—
‘‘(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, recovery support services, or
education related to the illegal use of drugs, such as raising
awareness about the consequences of drug use that are
evidence-based (to the extent a State, in consultation with
local educational agencies in the State, determines that
such evidence is reasonably available); and
‘‘(B) with respect to violence, the promotion of school
safety, such that students and school personnel are free
from violent and disruptive acts, including sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school premises, going to and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
from school, and at school-sponsored activities, through
the creation and maintenance of a school environment that
is free of weapons and fosters individual responsibility
and respect for the rights of others.
‘‘(6) SCHOOL-BASED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES PROVIDER.—
The term ‘school-based mental health services provider’ includes
a State-licensed or State-certified school counselor, school
psychologist, school social worker, or other State licensed or
certified mental health professional qualified under State law
to provide mental health services to children and adolescents.
‘‘(7) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico.
‘‘(8) STEM-FOCUSED SPECIALTY SCHOOL.—The term ‘STEMfocused specialty school’ means a school, or dedicated program
within a school, that engages students in rigorous, relevant,
and integrated learning experiences focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including computer
science, which include authentic schoolwide research.

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20 USC 7113.

‘‘SEC. 4103. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

‘‘(a) RESERVATIONS.—From the total amount appropriated under
section 4112 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
‘‘(1) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for payments to
the outlying areas, to be distributed among those outlying
areas on the basis of their relative need, as determined by
the Secretary, in accordance with the purpose of this subpart;
‘‘(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the Interior
for programs under this subpart in schools operated or funded
by the Bureau of Indian Education; and
‘‘(3) 2 percent for technical assistance and capacity building.
‘‘(b) STATE ALLOTMENTS.—
‘‘(1) ALLOTMENT.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraphs (B) and
(C), from the amount appropriated to carry out this subpart
that remains after the Secretary makes the reservations
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall allot to each State
having a plan approved under subsection (c), an amount
that bears the same relationship to the remainder as the
amount the State received under subpart 2 of part A of
title I for the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount
all States received under that subpart for the preceding
fiscal year.
‘‘(B) SMALL STATE MINIMUM.—No State receiving an
allotment under this paragraph shall receive less than
one-half of 1 percent of the total amount allotted under
this paragraph.
‘‘(C) PUERTO RICO.—The amount allotted under this
paragraph to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for a fiscal
year may not exceed one-half of 1 percent of the total
amount allotted under this paragraph.
‘‘(2) REALLOTMENT.—If a State does not receive an allotment under this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall
reallot the amount of the State’s allotment to the remaining
States in accordance with this subsection.
‘‘(c) STATE PLAN.—

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‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—In order to receive an allotment under
this section for any fiscal year, a State shall submit a plan
to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the
Secretary may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—Each plan submitted by a State under
this section shall include the following:
‘‘(A) A description of how the State educational agency
will use funds received under this subpart for State-level
activities.
‘‘(B) A description of how the State educational agency
will ensure that awards made to local educational agencies
under this subpart are in amounts that are consistent
with section 4105(a)(2).
‘‘(C) Assurances that the State educational agency
will—
‘‘(i) review existing resources and programs across
the State and will coordinate any new plans and
resources under this subpart with such existing
resources and programs;
‘‘(ii) monitor the implementation of activities under
this subpart and provide technical assistance to local
educational agencies in carrying out such activities;
and
‘‘(iii) provide for equitable access for all students
to the activities supported under this subpart,
including aligning those activities with the requirements of other Federal laws.

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‘‘SEC. 4104. STATE USE OF FUNDS.

20 USC 7114.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Each State that receives an allotment under
section 4103 for a fiscal year shall—
‘‘(1) reserve not less than 95 percent of the allotment to
make allocations to local educational agencies under section
4105;
‘‘(2) reserve not more than 1 percent of the allotment for
the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities
under this subpart, including public reporting on how funds
made available under this subpart are being expended by local
educational agencies, including the degree to which the local
educational agencies have made progress toward meeting the
objectives and outcomes described in section 4106(e)(1)(E); and
‘‘(3) use the amount made available to the State and not
reserved under paragraphs (1) and (2) for activities described
in subsection (b).
‘‘(b) STATE ACTIVITIES.—Each State that receives an allotment
under section 4103 shall use the funds available under subsection
(a)(3) for activities and programs designed to meet the purposes
of this subpart, which may include—
‘‘(1) providing monitoring of, and training, technical assistance, and capacity building to, local educational agencies that
receive an allotment under section 4105;
‘‘(2) identifying and eliminating State barriers to the
coordination and integration of programs, initiatives, and
funding streams that meet the purposes of this subpart, so
that local educational agencies can better coordinate with other
agencies, schools, and community-based services and programs;
or

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(3) supporting local educational agencies in providing programs and activities that—
‘‘(A) offer well-rounded educational experiences to all
students, as described in section 4107, including female
students, minority students, English learners, children with
disabilities, and low-income students who are often underrepresented in critical and enriching subjects, which may
include—
‘‘(i) increasing student access to and improving
student engagement and achievement in—
‘‘(I) high-quality courses in science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics, including computer
science;
‘‘(II) activities and programs in music and the
arts;
‘‘(III) foreign languages;
‘‘(IV) accelerated learning programs that provide—
‘‘(aa) postsecondary level courses accepted
for credit at institutions of higher education,
including dual or concurrent enrollment programs, and early college high schools; or
‘‘(bb) postsecondary level instruction and
examinations that are accepted for credit at
institutions of higher education, including
Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate programs;
‘‘(V) American history, civics, economics, geography, social studies, or government education;
‘‘(VI) environmental education; or
‘‘(VII) other courses, activities, and programs
or other experiences that contribute to a wellrounded education; or
‘‘(ii) reimbursing low-income students to cover part
or all of the costs of accelerated learning examination
fees, as described in clause (i)(IV);
‘‘(B) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-free
environments that support student academic achievement,
as described in section 4108, which may include—
‘‘(i) coordinating with any local educational agencies or consortia of such agencies implementing a youth
PROMISE plan to reduce exclusionary discipline, as
described in section 4108(5)(F);
‘‘(ii) supporting local educational agencies to—
‘‘(I) implement mental health awareness
training programs that are evidence-based (to the
extent the State determines that such evidence
is reasonably available) to provide education to
school personnel regarding resources available in
the community for students with mental illnesses
and other relevant resources relating to mental
health or the safe de-escalation of crisis situations
involving a student with a mental illness; or
‘‘(II) expand access to or coordinate resources
for school-based counseling and mental health programs, such as through school-based mental health
services partnership programs;

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‘‘(iii) providing local educational agencies with
resources that are evidence-based (to the extent the
State determines that such evidence is reasonably
available) addressing ways to integrate health and
safety practices into school or athletic programs; and
‘‘(iv) disseminating best practices and evaluating
program outcomes relating to any local educational
agency activities to promote student safety and violence
prevention through effective communication as
described in section 4108(5)(C)(iv); and
‘‘(C) increase access to personalized, rigorous learning
experiences supported by technology by—
‘‘(i) providing technical assistance to local educational agencies to improve the ability of local educational agencies to—
‘‘(I) identify and address technology readiness
needs, including the types of technology infrastructure and access available to the students served
by the local educational agency, including computer devices, access to school libraries, Internet
connectivity, operating systems, software, related
network infrastructure, and data security;
‘‘(II) use technology, consistent with the principles of universal design for learning, to support
the learning needs of all students, including children with disabilities and English learners; and
‘‘(III) build capacity for principals, other school
leaders, and local educational agency administrators to support teachers in using data and technology to improve instruction and personalize
learning;
‘‘(ii) supporting schools in rural and remote areas
to expand access to high-quality digital learning
opportunities;
‘‘(iii) developing or using strategies that are
innovative or evidence-based (to the extent the State
determines that such evidence is reasonably available)
for the delivery of specialized or rigorous academic
courses and curricula through the use of technology,
including digital learning technologies and assistive
technology, which may include increased access to
online dual or concurrent enrollment opportunities,
career and technical courses, and programs leading
to a recognized postsecondary credential (as defined
in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102));
‘‘(iv) disseminating promising practices related to
technology instruction, data security, and the acquisition and implementation of technology tools and
applications, including through making such promising
practices publicly available on the website of the State
educational agency;
‘‘(v) providing teachers, paraprofessionals, school
librarians and media personnel, specialized instructional support personnel, and administrators with the
knowledge and skills to use technology effectively,
including effective integration of technology, to improve

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instruction and student achievement, which may
include coordination with teacher, principal, and other
school leader preparation programs; and
‘‘(vi) making instructional content widely available
through open educational resources, which may include
providing tools and processes to support local educational agencies in making such resources widely
available.
‘‘(c) SPECIAL RULE.—A State that receives a grant under this
subpart for fiscal year 2017 may use the amount made available
to the State and not reserved under paragraphs (1) and (2) of
subsection (a) for such fiscal year to cover part or all of the fees
for accelerated learning examinations taken by low-income students
during the 2016-2017 school year, in accordance with subsection
(b)(3)(A)(ii).
20 USC 7115.

‘‘SEC. 4105. ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

‘‘(a) ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved by a State
under section 4104(a)(1), the State shall allocate to each local
educational agency in the State that has an application
approved by the State educational agency under section 4106
an amount that bears the same relationship to the total amount
of such reservation as the amount the local educational agency
received under subpart 2 of part A of title I for the preceding
fiscal year bears to the total amount received by all local
educational agencies in the State under such subpart for the
preceding fiscal year.
‘‘(2) MINIMUM LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ALLOCATION.—
No allocation to a local educational agency under this subsection
may be made in an amount that is less than $10,000, subject
to subsection (b).
‘‘(3) CONSORTIA.—Local educational agencies in a State may
form a consortium with other surrounding local educational
agencies and combine the funds each such agency in the consortium receives under this section to jointly carry out the local
activities described in this subpart.
‘‘(b) RATABLE REDUCTION.—If the amount reserved by the State
under section 4104(a)(1) is insufficient to make allocations to local
educational agencies in an amount equal to the minimum allocation
described in subsection (a)(2), such allocations shall be ratably
reduced.
‘‘(c) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—Of the amount received under
subsection (a)(2), a local educational agency may reserve not more
than 2 percent for the direct administrative costs of carrying out
the local educational agency’s responsibilities under this subpart.

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20 USC 7116.

‘‘SEC. 4106. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

‘‘(a) ELIGIBILITY.—To be eligible to receive an allocation under
section 4105(a), a local educational agency shall—
‘‘(1) submit an application, which shall contain, at a minimum, the information described in subsection (e), to the State
educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may
reasonably require; and
‘‘(2) complete a needs assessment in accordance with subsection (d).

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129 STAT. 1975

‘‘(b) CONSORTIUM.—If a local educational agency desires to carry
out the activities described in this subpart in consortium with
one or more surrounding local educational agencies as described
in section 4105(a)(3), such local educational agencies shall submit
a single application as required under subsection (a).
‘‘(c) CONSULTATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency, or consortium
of such agencies, shall develop its application through consultation with parents, teachers, principals, other school leaders,
specialized instructional support personnel, students, community-based organizations, local government representatives
(which may include a local law enforcement agency, local juvenile court, local child welfare agency, or local public housing
agency), Indian tribes or tribal organizations that may be
located in the region served by the local educational agency
(where applicable), charter school teachers, principals, and
other school leaders (if such agency or consortium of such
agencies supports charter schools), and others with relevant
and demonstrated expertise in programs and activities designed
to meet the purpose of this subpart.
‘‘(2) CONTINUED CONSULTATION.—The local educational
agency, or consortium of such agencies, shall engage in continued consultation with the entities described in paragraph (1)
in order to improve the local activities in order to meet the
purpose of this subpart and to coordinate such implementation
with other related strategies, programs, and activities being
conducted in the community.
‘‘(d) NEEDS ASSESSMENT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2)
and prior to receiving an allocation under this subpart, a local
educational agency or consortium of such agencies shall conduct
a comprehensive needs assessment of the local educational
agency or agencies proposed to be served under this subpart
in order to examine needs for improvement of—
‘‘(A) access to, and opportunities for, a well-rounded
education for all students;
‘‘(B) school conditions for student learning in order
to create a healthy and safe school environment; and
‘‘(C) access to personalized learning experiences supported by technology and professional development for the
effective use of data and technology.
‘‘(2) EXCEPTION.—A local educational agency receiving an
allocation under section 4105(a) in an amount that is less
than $30,000 shall not be required to conduct a comprehensive
needs assessment under paragraph (1).
‘‘(3) FREQUENCY OF NEEDS ASSESSMENT.—Each local educational agency, or consortium of local educational agencies,
shall conduct the needs assessment described in paragraph
(1) once every 3 years.
‘‘(e) CONTENTS OF LOCAL APPLICATION.—Each application submitted under this section by a local educational agency, or a consortium of such agencies, shall include the following:
‘‘(1) DESCRIPTIONS.—A description of the activities and
programming that the local educational agency, or consortium
of such agencies, will carry out under this subpart, including
a description of—

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129 STAT. 1976

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(A) any partnership with an institution of higher education, business, nonprofit organization, community-based
organization, or other public or private entity with a demonstrated record of success in implementing activities
under this subpart;
‘‘(B) if applicable, how funds will be used for activities
related to supporting well-rounded education under section
4107;
‘‘(C) if applicable, how funds will be used for activities
related to supporting safe and healthy students under section 4108;
‘‘(D) if applicable, how funds will be used for activities
related to supporting the effective use of technology in
schools under section 4109; and
‘‘(E) the program objectives and intended outcomes
for activities under this subpart, and how the local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, will
periodically evaluate the effectiveness of the activities carried out under this section based on such objectives and
outcomes.
‘‘(2) ASSURANCES.—Each application shall include assurances that the local educational agency, or consortium of such
agencies, will—
‘‘(A) prioritize the distribution of funds to schools
served by the local educational agency, or consortium of
such agencies, that—
‘‘(i) are among the schools with the greatest needs,
as determined by such local educational agency, or
consortium;
‘‘(ii) have the highest percentages or numbers of
children counted under section 1124(c);
‘‘(iii) are identified for comprehensive support and
improvement under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
‘‘(iv) are implementing targeted support and
improvement plans as described in section 1111(d)(2);
or
‘‘(v) are identified as a persistently dangerous
public elementary school or secondary school under
section 8532;
‘‘(B) comply with section 8501 (regarding equitable
participation by private school children and teachers);
‘‘(C) use not less than 20 percent of funds received
under this subpart to support one or more of the activities
authorized under section 4107;
‘‘(D) use not less than 20 percent of funds received
under this subpart to support one or more activities authorized under section 4108;
‘‘(E) use a portion of funds received under this subpart
to support one or more activities authorized under section
4109(a), including an assurance that the local educational
agency, or consortium of local educational agencies, will
comply with section 4109(b); and
‘‘(F) annually report to the State for inclusion in the
report described in section 4104(a)(2) how funds are being
used under this subpart to meet the requirements of subparagraphs (C) through (E).

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‘‘(f) SPECIAL RULE.—Any local educational agency receiving an
allocation under section 4105(a)(1) in an amount less than $30,000
shall be required to provide only one of the assurances described
in subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) of subsection (e)(2).

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‘‘SEC. 4107. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT WELL-ROUNDED EDUCATIONAL
OPPORTUNITIES.

20 USC 7117.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to section 4106(f), each local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives an
allocation under section 4105(a) shall use a portion of such funds
to develop and implement programs and activities that support
access to a well-rounded education and that—
‘‘(1) are coordinated with other schools and communitybased services and programs;
‘‘(2) may be conducted in partnership with an institution
of higher education, business, nonprofit organization, community-based organization, or other public or private entity with
a demonstrated record of success in implementing activities
under this section; and
‘‘(3) may include programs and activities, such as—
‘‘(A) college and career guidance and counseling programs, such as—
‘‘(i) postsecondary education and career awareness
and exploration activities;
‘‘(ii) training counselors to effectively use labor
market information in assisting students with postsecondary education and career planning; and
‘‘(iii) financial literacy and Federal financial aid
awareness activities;
‘‘(B) programs and activities that use music and the
arts as tools to support student success through the promotion of constructive student engagement, problem
solving, and conflict resolution;
‘‘(C) programming and activities to improve instruction
and student engagement in science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics, including computer science,
(referred to in this section as ‘STEM subjects’) such as—
‘‘(i) increasing access for students through grade
12 who are members of groups underrepresented in
such subject fields, such as female students, minority
students, English learners, children with disabilities,
and economically disadvantaged students, to highquality courses;
‘‘(ii) supporting the participation of low-income students in nonprofit competitions related to STEM subjects (such as robotics, science research, invention,
mathematics, computer science, and technology competitions);
‘‘(iii) providing hands-on learning and exposure to
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and
supporting the use of field-based or service learning
to enhance the students’ understanding of the STEM
subjects;
‘‘(iv) supporting the creation and enhancement of
STEM-focused specialty schools;
‘‘(v) facilitating collaboration among school, afterschool program, and informal program personnel to

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improve the integration of programming and instruction in the identified subjects; and
‘‘(vi) integrating other academic subjects, including
the arts, into STEM subject programs to increase
participation in STEM subjects, improve attainment
of skills related to STEM subjects, and promote wellrounded education;
‘‘(D) efforts to raise student academic achievement
through accelerated learning programs described in section
4104(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV), such as—
‘‘(i) reimbursing low-income students to cover part
or all of the costs of accelerated learning examination
fees, if the low-income students are enrolled in accelerated learning courses and plan to take accelerated
learning examinations; or
‘‘(ii) increasing the availability of, and enrollment
in, accelerated learning courses, accelerated learning
examinations, dual or concurrent enrollment programs,
and early college high school courses;
‘‘(E) activities to promote the development,
implementation, and strengthening of programs to teach
traditional American history, civics, economics, geography,
or government education;
‘‘(F) foreign language instruction;
‘‘(G) environmental education;
‘‘(H) programs and activities that promote volunteerism
and community involvement;
‘‘(I) programs and activities that support educational
programs that integrate multiple disciplines, such as programs that combine arts and mathematics; or
‘‘(J) other activities and programs to support student
access to, and success in, a variety of well-rounded education experiences.
‘‘(b) SPECIAL RULE.—A local educational agency, or consortium
of such agencies, that receives a subgrant under this subpart for
fiscal year 2017 may use such funds to cover part or all of the
fees for accelerated learning examinations taken by low-income
students during the 2016-2017 school year, in accordance with
subsection (a)(3)(D).

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20 USC 7118.

‘‘SEC. 4108. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS.

‘‘Subject to section 4106(f), each local educational agency, or
consortium of such agencies, that receives an allocation under section 4105(a) shall use a portion of such funds to develop, implement,
and evaluate comprehensive programs and activities that—
‘‘(1) are coordinated with other schools and communitybased services and programs;
‘‘(2) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-free environments that support student academic achievement;
‘‘(3) promote the involvement of parents in the activity
or program;
‘‘(4) may be conducted in partnership with an institution
of higher education, business, nonprofit organization, community-based organization, or other public or private entity with
a demonstrated record of success in implementing activities
described in this section; and
‘‘(5) may include, among other programs and activities—

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‘‘(A) drug and violence prevention activities and programs that are evidence-based (to the extent the State,
in consultation with local educational agencies in the State,
determines that such evidence is reasonably available)
including—
‘‘(i) programs to educate students against the use
of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, smokeless tobacco products, and electronic cigarettes; and
‘‘(ii) professional development and training for
school and specialized instructional support personnel
and interested community members in prevention, education, early identification, intervention mentoring,
recovery support services and, where appropriate,
rehabilitation referral, as related to drug and violence
prevention;
‘‘(B) in accordance with sections 4001 and 4111—
‘‘(i) school-based mental health services, including
early identification of mental health symptoms, drug
use, and violence, and appropriate referrals to direct
individual or group counseling services, which may
be provided by school-based mental health services
providers; and
‘‘(ii) school-based mental health services partnership programs that—
‘‘(I) are conducted in partnership with a public
or private mental health entity or health care
entity; and
‘‘(II) provide comprehensive school-based
mental health services and supports and staff
development for school and community personnel
working in the school that are—
‘‘(aa) based on trauma-informed practices
that are evidence-based (to the extent the
State, in consultation with local educational
agencies in the State, determines that such
evidence is reasonably available);
‘‘(bb) coordinated (where appropriate) with
early intervening services provided under the
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and
‘‘(cc) provided by qualified mental and
behavioral health professionals who are certified or licensed by the State involved and
practicing within their area of expertise;
‘‘(C) programs or activities that—
‘‘(i) integrate health and safety practices into
school or athletic programs;
‘‘(ii) support a healthy, active lifestyle, including
nutritional education and regular, structured physical
education activities and programs, that may address
chronic disease management with instruction led by
school nurses, nurse practitioners, or other appropriate
specialists or professionals to help maintain the wellbeing of students;
‘‘(iii) help prevent bullying and harassment;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(iv) improve instructional practices for developing
relationship-building skills, such as effective communication, and improve safety through the recognition
and prevention of coercion, violence, or abuse, including
teen and dating violence, stalking, domestic abuse, and
sexual violence and harassment;
‘‘(v) provide mentoring and school counseling to
all students, including children who are at risk of
academic failure, dropping out of school, involvement
in criminal or delinquent activities, or drug use and
abuse;
‘‘(vi) establish or improve school dropout and reentry programs; or
‘‘(vii) establish learning environments and enhance
students’ effective learning skills that are essential
for school readiness and academic success, such as
by providing integrated systems of student and family
supports;
‘‘(D) high-quality training for school personnel,
including specialized instructional support personnel,
related to—
‘‘(i) suicide prevention;
‘‘(ii) effective and trauma-informed practices in
classroom management;
‘‘(iii) crisis management and conflict resolution
techniques;
‘‘(iv) human trafficking (defined, for purposes of
this subparagraph, as an act or practice described in
paragraph (9) or (10) of section 103 of the Trafficking
Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102));
‘‘(v) school-based violence prevention strategies;
‘‘(vi) drug abuse prevention, including educating
children facing substance abuse at home; and
‘‘(vii) bullying and harassment prevention;
‘‘(E) in accordance with sections 4001 and 4111, child
sexual abuse awareness and prevention programs or activities, such as programs or activities designed to provide—
‘‘(i) age-appropriate and developmentally-appropriate instruction for students in child sexual abuse
awareness and prevention, including how to recognize
child sexual abuse and how to safely report child sexual
abuse; and
‘‘(ii) information to parents and guardians of students about child sexual abuse awareness and prevention, including how to recognize child sexual abuse
and how to discuss child sexual abuse with a child;
‘‘(F) designing and implementing a locally-tailored plan
to reduce exclusionary discipline practices in elementary
and secondary schools that—
‘‘(i) is consistent with best practices;
‘‘(ii) includes strategies that are evidence-based (to
the extent the State, in consultation with local educational agencies in the State, determines that such
evidence is reasonably available); and

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‘‘(iii) is aligned with the long-term goal of prison
reduction through opportunities, mentoring, intervention, support, and other education services, referred
to as a ‘youth PROMISE plan’; or
‘‘(G) implementation of schoolwide positive behavioral
interventions and supports, including through coordination
with similar activities carried out under the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.),
in order to improve academic outcomes and school conditions for student learning;
‘‘(H) designating a site resource coordinator at a school
or local educational agency to provide a variety of services,
such as—
‘‘(i) establishing partnerships within the community to provide resources and support for schools;
‘‘(ii) ensuring that all service and community partners are aligned with the academic expectations of
a community school in order to improve student success; and
‘‘(iii) strengthening relationships between schools
and communities; or
‘‘(I) pay for success initiatives aligned with the purposes of this section.

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‘‘SEC. 4109. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT THE EFFECTIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGY.

20 USC 7119.

‘‘(a) USES OF FUNDS.—Subject to section 4106(f), each local
educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives
an allocation under section 4015(a) shall use a portion of such
funds to improve the use of technology to improve the academic
achievement, academic growth, and digital literacy of all students,
including by meeting the needs of such agency or consortium that
are identified in the needs assessment conducted under section
4106(d) (if applicable), which may include—
‘‘(1) providing educators, school leaders, and administrators
with the professional learning tools, devices, content, and
resources to—
‘‘(A) personalize learning to improve student academic
achievement;
‘‘(B) discover, adapt, and share relevant high-quality
educational resources;
‘‘(C) use technology effectively in the classroom,
including by administering computer-based assessments
and blended learning strategies; and
‘‘(D) implement and support school- and district-wide
approaches for using technology to inform instruction, support teacher collaboration, and personalize learning;
‘‘(2) building technological capacity and infrastructure,
which may include—
‘‘(A) procuring content and ensuring content quality;
and
‘‘(B) purchasing devices, equipment, and software
applications in order to address readiness shortfalls;
‘‘(3) developing or using effective or innovative strategies
for the delivery of specialized or rigorous academic courses
and curricula through the use of technology, including digital
learning technologies and assistive technology;

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‘‘(4) carrying out blended learning projects, which shall
include—
‘‘(A) planning activities, which may include development of new instructional models (including blended
learning technology software and platforms), the purchase
of digital instructional resources, initial professional
development activities, and one-time information technology purchases, except that such expenditures may not
include expenditures related to significant construction or
renovation of facilities; or
‘‘(B) ongoing professional development for teachers,
principals, other school leaders, or other personnel involved
in the project that is designed to support the implementation and academic success of the project;
‘‘(5) providing professional development in the use of technology (which may be provided through partnerships with outside organizations) to enable teachers and instructional leaders
to increase student achievement in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including computer
science; and
‘‘(6) providing students in rural, remote, and underserved
areas with the resources to take advantage of high-quality
digital learning experiences, digital resources, and access to
online courses taught by effective educators.
‘‘(b) SPECIAL RULE.—A local educational agency, or consortium
of such agencies, shall not use more than 15 percent of funds
for purchasing technology infrastructure as described in subsection
(a)(2)(B), which shall include technology infrastructure purchased
for the activities under subsection (a)(4)(A).
20 USC 7120.

‘‘SEC. 4110. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

‘‘Funds made available under this subpart shall be used to
supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be used for activities authorized under this subpart.
20 USC 7121.

‘‘SEC. 4111. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

‘‘Nothing in this subpart may be construed to—
‘‘(1) authorize activities or programming that encourages
teenage sexual activity; or
‘‘(2) prohibit effective activities or programming that meet
the requirements of section 8526.
20 USC 7122.

‘‘SEC. 4112. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated
to carry out this subpart $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 and
$1,600,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020.
‘‘(b) FORWARD FUNDING.—Section 420 of the General Education
Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1223) shall apply to this subpart.’’.

PART B—21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY
LEARNING CENTERS
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SEC. 4201. 21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS.

(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—Part B of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7171
et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

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129 STAT. 1983

‘‘PART B—21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY
LEARNING CENTERS

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‘‘SEC. 4201. PURPOSE; DEFINITIONS.

‘‘(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this part is to provide opportunities for communities to establish or expand activities in community
learning centers that—
‘‘(1) provide opportunities for academic enrichment,
including providing tutorial services to help students, particularly students who attend low-performing schools, to meet the
challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(2) offer students a broad array of additional services,
programs, and activities, such as youth development activities,
service learning, nutrition and health education, drug and
violence prevention programs, counseling programs, arts, music,
physical fitness and wellness programs, technology education
programs, financial literacy programs, environmental literacy
programs, mathematics, science, career and technical programs,
internship or apprenticeship programs, and other ties to an
in-demand industry sector or occupation for high school students that are designed to reinforce and complement the regular
academic program of participating students; and
‘‘(3) offer families of students served by community learning
centers opportunities for active and meaningful engagement
in their children’s education, including opportunities for literacy
and related educational development.
‘‘(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this part:
‘‘(1) COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTER.—The term ‘community
learning center’ means an entity that—
‘‘(A) assists students to meet the challenging State
academic standards by providing the students with academic enrichment activities and a broad array of other
activities (such as programs and activities described in
subsection (a)(2)) during nonschool hours or periods when
school is not in session (such as before and after school
or during summer recess) that—
‘‘(i) reinforce and complement the regular academic
programs of the schools attended by the students
served; and
‘‘(ii) are targeted to the students’ academic needs
and aligned with the instruction students receive
during the school day; and
‘‘(B) offers families of students served by such center
opportunities for active and meaningful engagement in
their children’s education, including opportunities for literacy and related educational development.
‘‘(2) COVERED PROGRAM.—The term ‘covered program’
means a program for which—
‘‘(A) the Secretary made a grant under this part (as
this part was in effect on the day before the effective
date of this part under the Every Student Succeeds Act);
and
‘‘(B) the grant period had not ended on that effective
date.
‘‘(3) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means a
local educational agency, community-based organization, Indian

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tribe or tribal organization (as such terms are defined in section
4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Act (25 U.S.C.
450b)), another public or private entity, or a consortium of
2 or more such agencies, organizations, or entities.
‘‘(4) EXTERNAL ORGANIZATION.—The term ‘external
organization’ means—
‘‘(A) a nonprofit organization with a record of success
in running or working with before and after school (or
summer recess) programs and activities; or
‘‘(B) in the case of a community where there is no
such organization, a nonprofit organization in the community that enters into a written agreement or partnership
with an organization described in subparagraph (A) to
receive mentoring and guidance in running or working
with before and after school (or summer recess) programs
and activities.
‘‘(5) RIGOROUS PEER-REVIEW PROCESS.—The term ‘rigorous
peer-review process’ means a process by which—
‘‘(A) employees of a State educational agency who are
familiar with the programs and activities assisted under
this part review all applications that the State receives
for awards under this part for completeness and applicant
eligibility;
‘‘(B) the State educational agency selects peer
reviewers for such applications, who shall—
‘‘(i) be selected for their expertise in providing
effective academic, enrichment, youth development,
and related services to children; and
‘‘(ii) not include any applicant, or representative
of an applicant, that has submitted an application
under this part for the current application period; and
‘‘(C) the peer reviewers described in subparagraph (B)
review and rate the applications to determine the extent
to which the applications meet the requirements under
sections 4204(b) and 4205.
‘‘(6) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico.

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‘‘SEC. 4202. ALLOTMENTS TO STATES.

‘‘(a) RESERVATION.—From the funds appropriated under section
4206 for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
‘‘(1) such amounts as may be necessary to make continuation awards to subgrant recipients under covered programs
(under the terms of those grants);
‘‘(2) not more than 1 percent for national activities, which
the Secretary may carry out directly or through grants and
contracts, such as providing technical assistance to eligible
entities carrying out programs under this part or conducting
a national evaluation; and
‘‘(3) not more than 1 percent for payments to the outlying
areas and the Bureau of Indian Education, to be allotted in
accordance with their respective needs for assistance under
this part, as determined by the Secretary, to enable the outlying
areas and the Bureau to carry out the purpose of this part.
‘‘(b) STATE ALLOTMENTS.—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1985

‘‘(1) DETERMINATION.—From the funds appropriated under
section 4206 for any fiscal year and remaining after the Secretary makes reservations under subsection (a), the Secretary
shall allot to each State for the fiscal year an amount that
bears the same relationship to the remainder as the amount
the State received under subpart 2 of part A of title I for
the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount all States received
under that subpart for the preceding fiscal year, except that
no State shall receive less than an amount equal to one-half
of 1 percent of the total amount made available to all States
under this subsection.
‘‘(2) REALLOTMENT OF UNUSED FUNDS.—If a State does not
receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal year, the
Secretary shall reallot the amount of the State’s allotment
to the remaining States in accordance with this part.
‘‘(c) STATE USE OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Each State that receives an allotment
under this part shall reserve not less than 93 percent of the
amount allotted to such State under subsection (b), for each
fiscal year for awards to eligible entities under section 4204.
‘‘(2) STATE ADMINISTRATION.—A State educational agency
may use not more than 2 percent of the amount made available
to the State under subsection (b) for—
‘‘(A) the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities under this part;
‘‘(B) establishing and implementing a rigorous peerreview process for subgrant applications described in section 4204(b) (including consultation with the Governor and
other State agencies responsible for administering youth
development programs and adult learning activities); and
‘‘(C) awarding of funds to eligible entities (in consultation with the Governor and other State agencies responsible
for administering youth development programs and adult
learning activities).
‘‘(3) STATE ACTIVITIES.—A State educational agency may
use not more than 5 percent of the amount made available
to the State under subsection (b) for the following activities:
‘‘(A) Monitoring and evaluating programs and activities
assisted under this part.
‘‘(B) Providing capacity building, training, and technical assistance under this part.
‘‘(C) Conducting a comprehensive evaluation (directly,
or through a grant or contract) of the effectiveness of programs and activities assisted under this part.
‘‘(D) Providing training and technical assistance to
eligible entities that are applicants for or recipients of
awards under this part.
‘‘(E) Ensuring that any eligible entity that receives
an award under this part from the State aligns the activities provided by the program with the challenging State
academic standards.
‘‘(F) Ensuring that any such eligible entity identifies
and partners with external organizations, if available, in
the community.
‘‘(G) Working with teachers, principals, parents, the
local workforce, the local community, and other stakeholders to review and improve State policies and practices

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to support the implementation of effective programs under
this part.
‘‘(H) Coordinating funds received under this part with
other Federal and State funds to implement high-quality
programs.
‘‘(I) Providing a list of prescreened external organizations, as described under section 4203(a)(11).

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‘‘SEC. 4203. STATE APPLICATION.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—In order to receive an allotment under section 4202 for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary,
at such time as the Secretary may require, an application that—
‘‘(1) designates the State educational agency as the agency
responsible for the administration and supervision of programs
assisted under this part;
‘‘(2) describes how the State educational agency will use
funds received under this part, including funds reserved for
State-level activities;
‘‘(3) contains an assurance that the State educational
agency—
‘‘(A) will make awards under this part to eligible entities that serve—
‘‘(i) students who primarily attend—
‘‘(I) schools implementing comprehensive support and improvement activities or targeted support and improvement activities under section
1111(d); and
‘‘(II) other schools determined by the local educational agency to be in need of intervention and
support; and
‘‘(ii) the families of such students; and
‘‘(B) will further give priority to eligible entities that
propose in the application to serve students described in
subclauses (I) and (II) of section 4204(i)(1)(A)(i);
‘‘(4) describes the procedures and criteria the State educational agency will use for reviewing applications and
awarding funds to eligible entities on a competitive basis, which
shall include procedures and criteria that take into consideration the likelihood that a proposed community learning center
will help participating students meet the challenging State
academic standards and any local academic standards;
‘‘(5) describes how the State educational agency will ensure
that awards made under this part are—
‘‘(A) of sufficient size and scope to support high-quality,
effective programs that are consistent with the purpose
of this part; and
‘‘(B) in amounts that are consistent with section
4204(h);
‘‘(6) describes the steps the State educational agency will
take to ensure that programs implement effective strategies,
including providing ongoing technical assistance and training,
evaluation, dissemination of promising practices, and coordination of professional development for staff in specific content
areas and youth development;
‘‘(7) describes how programs under this part will be coordinated with programs under this Act, and other programs as
appropriate;

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129 STAT. 1987

‘‘(8) contains an assurance that the State educational
agency—
‘‘(A) will make awards for programs for a period of
not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years; and
‘‘(B) will require each eligible entity seeking such an
award to submit a plan describing how the activities to
be funded through the award will continue after funding
under this part ends;
‘‘(9) contains an assurance that funds appropriated to carry
out this part will be used to supplement, and not supplant,
other Federal, State, and local public funds expended to provide
programs and activities authorized under this part and other
similar programs;
‘‘(10) contains an assurance that the State educational
agency will require eligible entities to describe in their applications under section 4204(b) how the transportation needs of
participating students will be addressed;
‘‘(11) describes how the State will—
‘‘(A) prescreen external organizations that could provide assistance in carrying out the activities under this
part; and
‘‘(B) develop and make available to eligible entities
a list of external organizations that successfully completed
the prescreening process;
‘‘(12) provides—
‘‘(A) an assurance that the application was developed
in consultation and coordination with appropriate State
officials, including the chief State school officer, and other
State agencies administering before and after school (or
summer recess) programs and activities, the heads of the
State health and mental health agencies or their designees,
statewide after-school networks (where applicable) and representatives of teachers, local educational agencies, and
community-based organizations; and
‘‘(B) a description of any other representatives of
teachers, parents, students, or the business community
that the State has selected to assist in the development
of the application, if applicable;
‘‘(13) describes the results of the State’s needs and
resources assessment for before and after school (or summer
recess) programs and activities, which shall be based on the
results of on-going State evaluation activities;
‘‘(14) describes how the State educational agency will
evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities carried
out under this part, which shall include, at a minimum—
‘‘(A) a description of the performance indicators and
performance measures that will be used to evaluate programs and activities with emphasis on alignment with
the regular academic program of the school and the academic needs of participating students, including performance indicators and measures that—
‘‘(i) are able to track student success and improvement over time;
‘‘(ii) include State assessment results and other
indicators of student success and improvement, such
as improved attendance during the school day, better
classroom grades, regular (or consistent) program

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attendance, and on-time advancement to the next
grade level; and
‘‘(iii) for high school students, may include indicators such as career competencies, successful completion
of internships or apprenticeships, or work-based
learning opportunities;
‘‘(B) a description of how data collected for the purposes
of subparagraph (A) will be collected; and
‘‘(C) public dissemination of the evaluations of programs and activities carried out under this part; and
‘‘(15) provides for timely public notice of intent to file
an application and an assurance that the application will be
available for public review after submission.
‘‘(b) DEEMED APPROVAL.—An application submitted by a State
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deemed
to be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a
written determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day period
beginning on the date on which the Secretary received the application, that the application is not in compliance with this part.
‘‘(c) DISAPPROVAL.—The Secretary shall not finally disapprove
the application, except after giving the State educational agency
notice and an opportunity for a hearing.
‘‘(d) NOTIFICATION.—If the Secretary finds that the application
is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with this part, the
Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) give the State educational agency notice and an opportunity for a hearing; and
‘‘(2) notify the State educational agency of the finding of
noncompliance and, in such notification—
‘‘(A) cite the specific provisions in the application that
are not in compliance; and
‘‘(B) request additional information, only as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the application
compliant.
‘‘(e) RESPONSE.—If the State educational agency responds to
the Secretary’s notification described in subsection (d)(2) during
the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency
received the notification, and resubmits the application with the
requested information described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove such application prior to the
later of—
‘‘(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the
date on which the application is resubmitted; or
‘‘(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described in subsection (b).
‘‘(f) FAILURE TO RESPOND.—If the State educational agency
does not respond to the Secretary’s notification described in subsection (d)(2) during the 45-day period beginning on the date on
which the agency received the notification, such application shall
be deemed to be disapproved.
‘‘(g) LIMITATION.—The Secretary may not give a priority or
a preference for States or eligible entities that seek to use funds
made available under this part to extend the regular school day.
‘‘SEC. 4204. LOCAL COMPETITIVE SUBGRANT PROGRAM.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1989

‘‘(1) COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS.—A State that receives
funds under this part for a fiscal year shall provide the amount
made available under section 4202(c)(1) to award subgrants
to eligible entities for community learning centers in accordance
with this part.
‘‘(2) EXPANDED LEARNING PROGRAM ACTIVITIES.—A State
that receives funds under this part for a fiscal year may use
funds under section 4202(c)(1) to support those enrichment
and engaging academic activities described in section 4205(a)
that—
‘‘(A) are included as part of an expanded learning
program that provides students at least 300 additional
program hours before, during, or after the traditional school
day;
‘‘(B) supplement but do not supplant regular school
day requirements; and
‘‘(C) are carried out by entities that meet the requirements of subsection (i).
‘‘(b) APPLICATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—To be eligible to receive a subgrant under
this part, an eligible entity shall submit an application to
the State educational agency at such time, in such manner,
and including such information as the State educational agency
may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall include—
‘‘(A) a description of the activities to be funded,
including—
‘‘(i) an assurance that the program will take place
in a safe and easily accessible facility;
‘‘(ii) a description of how students participating
in the program carried out by the community learning
center will travel safely to and from the center and
home, if applicable; and
‘‘(iii) a description of how the eligible entity will
disseminate information about the community learning
center (including its location) to the community in
a manner that is understandable and accessible;
‘‘(B) a description of how such activities are expected
to improve student academic achievement as well as overall
student success;
‘‘(C) a demonstration of how the proposed program
will coordinate Federal, State, and local programs and
make the most effective use of public resources;
‘‘(D) an assurance that the proposed program was
developed and will be carried out—
‘‘(i) in active collaboration with the schools that
participating students attend (including through the
sharing of relevant data among the schools), all participants of the eligible entity, and any partnership entities described in subparagraph (H), in compliance with
applicable laws relating to privacy and confidentiality;
and
‘‘(ii) in alignment with the challenging State academic standards and any local academic standards;
‘‘(E) a description of how the activities will meet the
measures of effectiveness described in section 4205(b);

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(F) an assurance that the program will target students
who primarily attend schools eligible for schoolwide programs under section 1114 and the families of such students;
‘‘(G) an assurance that subgrant funds under this part
will be used to increase the level of State, local, and other
non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of funds
under this part, be made available for programs and activities authorized under this part, and in no case supplant
Federal, State, local, or non-Federal funds;
‘‘(H) a description of the partnership between a local
educational agency, a community-based organization, and
another public entity or private entity, if appropriate;
‘‘(I) an evaluation of the community needs and available resources for the community learning center, and a
description of how the program proposed to be carried
out in the center will address those needs (including the
needs of working families);
‘‘(J) a demonstration that the eligible entity will use
best practices, including research or evidence-based practices, to provide educational and related activities that
will complement and enhance academic performance,
achievement, postsecondary and workforce preparation,
and positive youth development of the students;
‘‘(K) a description of a preliminary plan for how the
community learning center will continue after funding
under this part ends;
‘‘(L) an assurance that the community will be given
notice of an intent to submit an application and that the
application and any waiver request will be available for
public review after submission of the application;
‘‘(M) if the eligible entity plans to use volunteers in
activities carried out through the community learning
center, a description of how the eligible entity will encourage and use appropriately qualified persons to serve as
the volunteers; and
‘‘(N) such other information and assurances as the
State educational agency may reasonably require.
‘‘(c) APPROVAL OF CERTAIN APPLICATIONS.—The State educational agency may approve an application under this part for
a program to be located in a facility other than an elementary
school or secondary school only if the program will be at least
as available and accessible to the students to be served as if the
program were located in an elementary school or secondary school.
‘‘(d) PERMISSIVE LOCAL MATCH.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency may require
an eligible entity to match subgrant funds awarded under this
part, except that such match may not exceed the amount of
the subgrant and may not be derived from other Federal or
State funds.
‘‘(2) SLIDING SCALE.—The amount of a match under paragraph (1) shall be established based on a sliding scale that
takes into account—
‘‘(A) the relative poverty of the population to be targeted by the eligible entity; and
‘‘(B) the ability of the eligible entity to obtain such
matching funds.

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129 STAT. 1991

‘‘(3) IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS.—Each State educational
agency that requires an eligible entity to match funds under
this subsection shall permit the eligible entity to provide all
or any portion of such match in the form of in-kind contributions.
‘‘(4) CONSIDERATION.—Notwithstanding this subsection, a
State educational agency shall not consider an eligible entity’s
ability to match funds when determining which eligible entities
will receive subgrants under this part.
‘‘(e) PEER REVIEW.—In reviewing local applications under this
part, a State educational agency shall use a rigorous peer-review
process or other methods to ensure the quality of funded projects.
‘‘(f) GEOGRAPHIC DIVERSITY.—To the extent practicable, a State
educational agency shall distribute subgrant funds under this part
equitably among geographic areas within the State, including urban
and rural communities.
‘‘(g) DURATION OF AWARDS.—A subgrant awarded under this
part shall be awarded for a period of not less than 3 years and
not more than 5 years.
‘‘(h) AMOUNT OF AWARDS.—A subgrant awarded under this
part may not be made in an amount that is less than $50,000.
‘‘(i) PRIORITY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—In awarding subgrants under this part,
a State educational agency shall give priority to applications—
‘‘(A) proposing to target services to—
‘‘(i) students who primarily attend schools that—
‘‘(I) are implementing comprehensive support
and improvement activities or targeted support
and improvement activities under section 1111(d)
or other schools determined by the local educational agency to be in need of intervention and
support to improve student academic achievement
and other outcomes; and
‘‘(II) enroll students who may be at risk for
academic failure, dropping out of school, involvement in criminal or delinquent activities, or who
lack strong positive role models; and
‘‘(ii) the families of students described in clause
(i);
‘‘(B) submitted jointly by eligible entities consisting
of not less than 1—
‘‘(i) local educational agency receiving funds under
part A of title I; and
‘‘(ii) another eligible entity; and
‘‘(C) demonstrating that the activities proposed in the
application—
‘‘(i) are, as of the date of the submission of the
application, not accessible to students who would be
served; or
‘‘(ii) would expand accessibility to high-quality
services that may be available in the community.
‘‘(2) SPECIAL RULE.—The State educational agency shall
provide the same priority under paragraph (1) to an application
submitted by a local educational agency if the local educational
agency demonstrates that it is unable to partner with a community-based organization in reasonable geographic proximity and
of sufficient quality to meet the requirements of this part.

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‘‘(3) LIMITATION.—A State educational agency may not give
a priority or a preference to eligible entities that seek to use
funds made available under this part to extend the regular
school day.
‘‘(j) RENEWABILITY OF AWARDS.—A State educational agency
may renew a subgrant provided under this part to an eligible
entity, based on the eligible entity’s performance during the preceding subgrant period.

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‘‘SEC. 4205. LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

‘‘(a) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.—Each eligible entity that receives
an award under section 4204 may use the award funds to carry
out a broad array of activities that advance student academic
achievement and support student success, including—
‘‘(1) academic enrichment learning programs, mentoring
programs, remedial education activities, and tutoring services,
that are aligned with—
‘‘(A) the challenging State academic standards and any
local academic standards; and
‘‘(B) local curricula that are designed to improve student academic achievement;
‘‘(2) well-rounded education activities, including such activities that enable students to be eligible for credit recovery or
attainment;
‘‘(3) literacy education programs, including financial literacy programs and environmental literacy programs;
‘‘(4) programs that support a healthy and active lifestyle,
including nutritional education and regular, structured physical
activity programs;
‘‘(5) services for individuals with disabilities;
‘‘(6) programs that provide after-school activities for students who are English learners that emphasize language skills
and academic achievement;
‘‘(7) cultural programs;
‘‘(8) telecommunications and technology education programs;
‘‘(9) expanded library service hours;
‘‘(10) parenting skills programs that promote parental
involvement and family literacy;
‘‘(11) programs that provide assistance to students who
have been truant, suspended, or expelled to allow the students
to improve their academic achievement;
‘‘(12) drug and violence prevention programs and counseling
programs;
‘‘(13) programs that build skills in science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics (referred to in this paragraph
as ‘STEM’), including computer science, and that foster innovation in learning by supporting nontraditional STEM education
teaching methods; and
‘‘(14) programs that partner with in-demand fields of the
local workforce or build career competencies and career readiness and ensure that local workforce and career readiness
skills are aligned with the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical
Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.) and the
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101
et seq.).
‘‘(b) MEASURES OF EFFECTIVENESS.—

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129 STAT. 1993

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For a program or activity developed
pursuant to this part to meet the measures of effectiveness,
monitored by the State educational agency as described in
section 4203(a)(14), such program or activity shall—
‘‘(A) be based upon an assessment of objective data
regarding the need for before and after school (or summer
recess) programs and activities in the schools and communities;
‘‘(B) be based upon an established set of performance
measures aimed at ensuring the availability of high-quality
academic enrichment opportunities;
‘‘(C) if appropriate, be based upon evidence-based
research that the program or activity will help students
meet the challenging State academic standards and any
local academic standards;
‘‘(D) ensure that measures of student success align
with the regular academic program of the school and the
academic needs of participating students and include
performance indicators and measures described in section
4203(a)(14)(A); and
‘‘(E) collect the data necessary for the measures of
student success described in subparagraph (D).
‘‘(2) PERIODIC EVALUATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The program or activity shall
undergo a periodic evaluation in conjunction with the State
educational agency’s overall evaluation plan as described
in section 4203(a)(14), to assess the program’s progress
toward achieving the goal of providing high-quality
opportunities for academic enrichment and overall student
success.
‘‘(B) USE OF RESULTS.—The results of evaluations
under subparagraph (A) shall be—
‘‘(i) used to refine, improve, and strengthen the
program or activity, and to refine the performance
measures;
‘‘(ii) made available to the public upon request,
with public notice of such availability provided; and
‘‘(iii) used by the State to determine whether a
subgrant is eligible to be renewed under section 4204(j).
‘‘SEC. 4206. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
part $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 and $1,100,000,000 for
each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020.’’.

PART C—EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY
THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS

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SEC. 4301. CHARTER SCHOOLS.

Part C of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7221 et seq.), as redesignated
by section 4001, is amended—
(1) by striking sections 4301 through 4305, as redesignated
by section 4001, and inserting the following:

20 USC 7221,
7221a–7221d.

‘‘SEC. 4301. PURPOSE.

20 USC 7221.

‘‘It is the purpose of this part to—

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‘‘(1) improve the United States education system and education opportunities for all people in the United States by
supporting innovation in public education in public school settings that prepare students to compete and contribute to the
global economy and a stronger Nation;
‘‘(2) provide financial assistance for the planning, program
design, and initial implementation of charter schools;
‘‘(3) increase the number of high-quality charter schools
available to students across the United States;
‘‘(4) evaluate the impact of charter schools on student
achievement, families, and communities, and share best practices between charter schools and other public schools;
‘‘(5) encourage States to provide support to charter schools
for facilities financing in an amount more nearly commensurate
to the amount States typically provide for traditional public
schools;
‘‘(6) expand opportunities for children with disabilities,
English learners, and other traditionally underserved students
to attend charter schools and meet the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(7) support efforts to strengthen the charter school authorizing process to improve performance management, including
transparency, oversight and monitoring (including financial
audits), and evaluation of such schools; and
‘‘(8) support quality, accountability, and transparency in
the operational performance of all authorized public chartering
agencies, including State educational agencies, local educational
agencies, and other authorizing entities.

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20 USC 7221a.

‘‘SEC. 4302. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may carry out a charter school
program that supports charter schools that serve early childhood,
elementary school, or secondary school students by—
‘‘(1) supporting the startup of new charter schools, the
replication of high-quality charter schools, and the expansion
of high-quality charter schools;
‘‘(2) assisting charter schools in accessing credit to acquire
and renovate facilities for school use; and
‘‘(3) carrying out national activities to support—
‘‘(A) the activities described in paragraph (1);
‘‘(B) the dissemination of best practices of charter
schools for all schools;
‘‘(C) the evaluation of the impact of the charter school
program under this part on schools participating in such
program; and
‘‘(D) stronger charter school authorizing practices.
‘‘(b) FUNDING ALLOTMENT.—From the amount made available
under section 4311 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) reserve 12.5 percent to support charter school facilities
assistance under section 4304;
‘‘(2) reserve 22.5 percent to carry out national activities
under section 4305; and
‘‘(3) use the remaining amount after the reservations under
paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry out section 4303.
‘‘(c) PRIOR GRANTS AND SUBGRANTS.—The recipient of a grant
or subgrant under part B of title V (as such part was in effect
on the day before the date of enactment of the Every Student

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129 STAT. 1995

Succeeds Act) shall continue to receive funds in accordance with
the terms and conditions of such grant or subgrant.

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‘‘SEC. 4303. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

20 USC 7221b.

‘‘(a) STATE ENTITY DEFINED.—For purposes of this section, the
term ‘State entity’ means—
‘‘(1) a State educational agency;
‘‘(2) a State charter school board;
‘‘(3) a Governor of a State; or
‘‘(4) a charter school support organization.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—From the amount available under
section 4302(b)(3), the Secretary shall award, on a competitive
basis, grants to State entities having applications approved under
subsection (f) to enable such entities to—
‘‘(1) award subgrants to eligible applicants to enable eligible
applicants to—
‘‘(A) open and prepare for the operation of new charter
schools;
‘‘(B) open and prepare for the operation of replicated
high-quality charter schools; or
‘‘(C) expand high-quality charter schools; and
‘‘(2) provide technical assistance to eligible applicants and
authorized public chartering agencies in carrying out the activities described in paragraph (1), and work with authorized public
chartering agencies in the State to improve authorizing quality,
including developing capacity for, and conducting, fiscal oversight and auditing of charter schools.
‘‘(c) STATE ENTITY USES OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A State entity receiving a grant under
this section shall—
‘‘(A) use not less than 90 percent of the grant funds
to award subgrants to eligible applicants, in accordance
with the quality charter school program described in the
State entity’s application pursuant to subsection (f), for
the purposes described in subsection (b)(1);
‘‘(B) reserve not less than 7 percent of such funds
to carry out the activities described in subsection (b)(2);
and
‘‘(C) reserve not more than 3 percent of such funds
for administrative costs, which may include technical
assistance.
‘‘(2) CONTRACTS AND GRANTS.—A State entity may use a
grant received under this section to carry out the activities
described in subsection (b)(2) directly or through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.
‘‘(3) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—
‘‘(A) USE OF LOTTERY.—Nothing in this Act shall prohibit the Secretary from awarding grants to State entities,
or prohibit State entities from awarding subgrants to
eligible applicants, that use a weighted lottery to give
slightly better chances for admission to all, or a subset
of, educationally disadvantaged students if—
‘‘(i) the use of weighted lotteries in favor of such
students is not prohibited by State law, and such State
law is consistent with laws described in section
4310(2)(G); and

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129 STAT. 1996

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(ii) such weighted lotteries are not used for the
purpose of creating schools exclusively to serve a particular subset of students.
‘‘(B) STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.—Nothing in this
paragraph shall be construed to prohibit schools from
specializing in providing specific services for students with
a demonstrated need for such services, such as students
who need specialized instruction in reading, spelling, or
writing.
‘‘(d) PROGRAM PERIODS; PEER REVIEW; DISTRIBUTION OF SUBGRANTS; WAIVERS.—
‘‘(1) PROGRAM PERIODS.—
‘‘(A) GRANTS.—A grant awarded by the Secretary to
a State entity under this section shall be for a period
of not more than 5 years.
‘‘(B) SUBGRANTS.—A subgrant awarded by a State
entity under this section shall be for a period of not more
than 5 years, of which an eligible applicant may use not
more than 18 months for planning and program design.
‘‘(2) PEER REVIEW.—The Secretary, and each State entity
awarding subgrants under this section, shall use a peer-review
process to review applications for assistance under this section.
‘‘(3) GRANT AWARDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary—
‘‘(i) shall for each fiscal year for which funds are
appropriated under section 4311—
‘‘(I) award not less than 3 grants under this
section; and
‘‘(II) fully obligate the first 2 years of funds
appropriated for the purpose of awarding grants
under this section in the first fiscal year for which
such grants are awarded; and
‘‘(ii) prior to the start of the third year of the
grant period and each succeeding year of each grant
awarded under this section to a State entity—
‘‘(I) shall review—
‘‘(aa) whether the State entity is using
the grant funds for the agreed upon uses of
funds; and
‘‘(bb) whether the full amount of the grant
will be needed for the remainder of the grant
period; and
‘‘(II) may, as determined necessary based on
that review, terminate or reduce the amount of
the grant and reallocate the remaining grant funds
to other State entities—
‘‘(aa) by using such funds to award grants
under this section to other State entities; or
‘‘(bb) in a fiscal year in which the amount
of such remaining funds is insufficient to
award grants under item (aa), in accordance
with subparagraph (B).
‘‘(B) REMAINING FUNDING.—For a fiscal year for which
there are remaining grant funds under this paragraph,
but the amount of such funds is insufficient to award
a grant to a State entity under this section, the Secretary
shall use such remaining grants funds—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 1997

‘‘(i) to supplement funding for grants under section
4305(a)(2), but not to supplant—
‘‘(I) the funds reserved under section
4305(a)(2); and
‘‘(II) funds otherwise reserved under section
4302(b)(2) to carry out national activities under
section 4305;
‘‘(ii) to award grants to State entities to carry
out the activities described in subsection (b)(1) for the
next fiscal year; or
‘‘(iii) to award one year of a grant under subsection
(b)(1) to a high-scoring State entity, in an amount
at or above the minimum amount the State entity
needs to be successful for such year.
‘‘(4) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—Each State entity awarding
subgrants under this section shall award subgrants in a manner
that, to the extent practicable and applicable, ensures that
such subgrants—
‘‘(A) are distributed throughout different areas,
including urban, suburban, and rural areas; and
‘‘(B) will assist charter schools representing a variety
of educational approaches.
‘‘(5) WAIVERS.—The Secretary may waive any statutory
or regulatory requirement over which the Secretary exercises
administrative authority, except any such requirement relating
to the elements of a charter school described in section 4310(2),
if—
‘‘(A) the waiver is requested in an approved application
under this section; and
‘‘(B) the Secretary determines that granting such
waiver will promote the purpose of this part.
‘‘(e) LIMITATIONS.—
‘‘(1) GRANTS.—No State entity may receive a grant under
this section for use in a State in which a State entity is
currently using a grant received under this section.
‘‘(2) SUBGRANTS.—An eligible applicant may not receive
more than 1 subgrant under this section for each individual
charter school for a 5-year period, unless the eligible applicant
demonstrates to the State entity that such individual charter
school has at least 3 years of improved educational results
for students enrolled in such charter school with respect to
the elements described in subparagraphs (A) and (D) of section
4310(8).
‘‘(f) APPLICATIONS.—A State entity desiring to receive a grant
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.
The application shall include the following:
‘‘(1) DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM.—A description of the State
entity’s objectives in running a quality charter school program
under this section and how the objectives of the program will
be carried out, including—
‘‘(A) a description of how the State entity will—
‘‘(i) support the opening of charter schools through
the startup of new charter schools and, if applicable,
the replication of high-quality charter schools, and the
expansion of high-quality charter schools (including
the proposed number of new charter schools to be

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129 STAT. 1998

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
opened, high-quality charter schools to be opened as
a result of the replication of a high-quality charter
school, or high-quality charter schools to be expanded
under the State entity’s program);
‘‘(ii) inform eligible charter schools, developers, and
authorized public chartering agencies of the availability of funds under the program;
‘‘(iii) work with eligible applicants to ensure that
the eligible applicants access all Federal funds that
such applicants are eligible to receive, and help the
charter schools supported by the applicants and the
students attending those charter schools—
‘‘(I) participate in the Federal programs in
which the schools and students are eligible to
participate;
‘‘(II) receive the commensurate share of Federal funds the schools and students are eligible
to receive under such programs; and
‘‘(III) meet the needs of students served under
such programs, including students with disabilities
and English learners;
‘‘(iv) ensure that authorized public chartering
agencies, in collaboration with surrounding local educational agencies where applicable, establish clear
plans and procedures to assist students enrolled in
a charter school that closes or loses its charter to
attend other high-quality schools;
‘‘(v) in the case of a State entity that is not a
State educational agency—
‘‘(I) work with the State educational agency
and charter schools in the State to maximize
charter school participation in Federal and State
programs for which charter schools are eligible;
and
‘‘(II) work with the State educational agency
to operate the State entity’s program under this
section, if applicable;
‘‘(vi) ensure that each eligible applicant that
receives a subgrant under the State entity’s program—
‘‘(I) is using funds provided under this section
for one of the activities described in subsection
(b)(1); and
‘‘(II) is prepared to continue to operate charter
schools funded under this section in a manner
consistent with the eligible applicant’s application
for such subgrant once the subgrant funds under
this section are no longer available;
‘‘(vii) support—
‘‘(I) charter schools in local educational agencies with a significant number of schools identified
by the State for comprehensive support and
improvement under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i); and
‘‘(II) the use of charter schools to improve
struggling schools, or to turn around struggling
schools;
‘‘(viii) work with charter schools on—

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129 STAT. 1999

‘‘(I) recruitment and enrollment practices to
promote inclusion of all students, including by
eliminating any barriers to enrollment for
educationally disadvantaged students (who include
foster youth and unaccompanied homeless youth);
and
‘‘(II) supporting all students once they are
enrolled to promote retention, including by
reducing the overuse of discipline practices that
remove students from the classroom;
‘‘(ix) share best and promising practices between
charter schools and other public schools;
‘‘(x) ensure that charter schools receiving funds
under the State entity’s program meet the educational
needs of their students, including children with disabilities and English learners;
‘‘(xi) support efforts to increase charter school
quality initiatives, including meeting the quality
authorizing elements described in paragraph (2)(D);
‘‘(xii)(I) in the case of a State entity not described
in subclause (II), a description of how the State entity
will provide oversight of authorizing activity, including
how the State will help ensure better authorizing, such
as by establishing authorizing standards that may
include approving, monitoring, and re-approving or
revoking the authority of an authorized public chartering agency based on the performance of the charter
schools authorized by such agency in the areas of student achievement, student safety, financial and operational management, and compliance with all
applicable statutes and regulations; and
‘‘(II) in the case of a State entity described in
subsection (a)(4), a description of how the State entity
will work with the State to support the State’s system
of technical assistance and oversight, as described in
subclause (I), of the authorizing activity of authorized
public chartering agencies; and
‘‘(xiii) work with eligible applicants receiving a
subgrant under the State entity’s program to support the
opening of new charter schools or charter school models
described in clause (i) that are high schools;
‘‘(B) a description of the extent to which the State
entity—
‘‘(i) is able to meet and carry out the priorities
described in subsection (g)(2);
‘‘(ii) is working to develop or strengthen a cohesive
statewide system to support the opening of new charter
schools and, if applicable, the replication of highquality charter schools, and the expansion of highquality charter schools; and
‘‘(iii) is working to develop or strengthen a cohesive
strategy to encourage collaboration between charter
schools and local educational agencies on the sharing
of best practices;
‘‘(C) a description of how the State entity will award
subgrants, on a competitive basis, including—

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129 STAT. 2000

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(i) a description of the application each eligible
applicant desiring to receive a subgrant will be
required to submit, which application shall include—
‘‘(I) a description of the roles and responsibilities of eligible applicants, partner organizations,
and charter management organizations, including
the administrative and contractual roles and
responsibilities of such partners;
‘‘(II) a description of the quality controls
agreed to between the eligible applicant and the
authorized public chartering agency involved, such
as a contract or performance agreement, how a
school’s performance in the State’s accountability
system and impact on student achievement (which
may include student academic growth) will be one
of the most important factors for renewal or revocation of the school’s charter, and how the State
entity and the authorized public chartering agency
involved will reserve the right to revoke or not
renew a school’s charter based on financial, structural, or operational factors involving the management of the school;
‘‘(III) a description of how the autonomy and
flexibility granted to a charter school is consistent
with the definition of a charter school in section
4310;
‘‘(IV) a description of how the eligible applicant
will solicit and consider input from parents and
other members of the community on the
implementation and operation of each charter
school that will receive funds under the State
entity’s program;
‘‘(V) a description of the eligible applicant’s
planned activities and expenditures of subgrant
funds to support the activities described in subsection (b)(1), and how the eligible applicant will
maintain financial sustainability after the end of
the subgrant period; and
‘‘(VI) a description of how the eligible applicant
will support the use of effective parent, family,
and community engagement strategies to operate
each charter school that will receive funds under
the State entity’s program; and
‘‘(ii) a description of how the State entity will
review applications from eligible applicants;
‘‘(D) in the case of a State entity that partners with
an outside organization to carry out the State entity’s
quality charter school program, in whole or in part, a
description of the roles and responsibilities of the partner;
‘‘(E) a description of how the State entity will ensure
that each charter school receiving funds under the State
entity’s program has considered and planned for the
transportation needs of the school’s students;
‘‘(F) a description of how the State in which the State
entity is located addresses charter schools in the State’s
open meetings and open records laws; and

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129 STAT. 2001

‘‘(G) a description of how the State entity will support
diverse charter school models, including models that serve
rural communities.
‘‘(2) ASSURANCES.—Assurances that—
‘‘(A) each charter school receiving funds through the
State entity’s program will have a high degree of autonomy
over budget and operations, including autonomy over personnel decisions;
‘‘(B) the State entity will support charter schools in
meeting the educational needs of their students, as
described in paragraph (1)(A)(x);
‘‘(C) the State entity will ensure that the authorized
public chartering agency of any charter school that receives
funds under the State entity’s program adequately monitors
each charter school under the authority of such agency
in recruiting, enrolling, retaining, and meeting the needs
of all students, including children with disabilities and
English learners;
‘‘(D) the State entity will provide adequate technical
assistance to eligible applicants to meet the objectives
described in clause (viii) of paragraph (1)(A) and subparagraph (B) of this paragraph;
‘‘(E) the State entity will promote quality authorizing,
consistent with State law, such as through providing technical assistance to support each authorized public chartering agency in the State to improve such agency’s ability
to monitor the charter schools authorized by the agency,
including by—
‘‘(i) assessing annual performance data of the
schools, including, as appropriate, graduation rates,
student academic growth, and rates of student attrition;
‘‘(ii) reviewing the schools’ independent, annual
audits of financial statements prepared in accordance
with generally accepted accounting principles, and
ensuring that any such audits are publically reported;
and
‘‘(iii) holding charter schools accountable to the
academic, financial, and operational quality controls
agreed to between the charter school and the authorized public chartering agency involved, such as through
renewal, non-renewal, or revocation of the school’s
charter;
‘‘(F) the State entity will work to ensure that charter
schools are included with the traditional public schools
in decisionmaking about the public school system in the
State; and
‘‘(G) the State entity will ensure that each charter
school receiving funds under the State entity’s program
makes publicly available, consistent with the dissemination
requirements of the annual State report card under section
1111(h), including on the website of the school, information
to help parents make informed decisions about the education options available to their children, including—
‘‘(i) information on the educational program;
‘‘(ii) student support services;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(iii) parent contract requirements (as applicable),
including any financial obligations or fees;
‘‘(iv) enrollment criteria (as applicable); and
‘‘(v) annual performance and enrollment data for
each of the subgroups of students, as defined in section
1111(c)(2), except that such disaggregation of performance and enrollment data shall not be required in
a case in which the number of students in a group
is insufficient to yield statically reliable information
or the results would reveal personally identifiable
information about an individual student.
‘‘(3) REQUESTS FOR WAIVERS.—Information about waivers,
including—
‘‘(A) a request and justification for waivers of any Federal statutory or regulatory provisions that the State entity
believes are necessary for the successful operation of the
charter schools that will receive funds under the State
entity’s program under this section or, in the case of a
State entity defined in subsection (a)(4), a description of
how the State entity will work with the State to request
such necessary waivers, where applicable; and
‘‘(B) a description of any State or local rules, generally
applicable to public schools, that will be waived, or otherwise not apply to such schools.
‘‘(g) SELECTION CRITERIA; PRIORITY.—
‘‘(1) SELECTION CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall award
grants to State entities under this section on the basis of
the quality of the applications submitted under subsection (f),
after taking into consideration—
‘‘(A) the degree of flexibility afforded by the State’s
charter school law and how the State entity will work
to maximize the flexibility provided to charter schools
under such law;
‘‘(B) the ambitiousness of the State entity’s objectives
for the quality charter school program carried out under
this section;
‘‘(C) the likelihood that the eligible applicants receiving
subgrants under the program will meet those objectives
and improve educational results for students;
‘‘(D) the State entity’s plan to—
‘‘(i) adequately monitor the eligible applicants
receiving subgrants under the State entity’s program;
‘‘(ii) work with the authorized public chartering
agencies involved to avoid duplication of work for the
charter schools and authorized public chartering agencies; and
‘‘(iii) provide technical assistance and support for—
‘‘(I) the eligible applicants receiving subgrants
under the State entity’s program; and
‘‘(II) quality authorizing efforts in the State;
and
‘‘(E) the State entity’s plan to solicit and consider input
from parents and other members of the community on
the implementation and operation of charter schools in
the State.

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129 STAT. 2003

‘‘(2) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the
Secretary shall give priority to a State entity to the extent
that the entity meets the following criteria:
‘‘(A) The State entity is located in a State that—
‘‘(i) allows at least one entity that is not a local
educational agency to be an authorized public chartering agency for developers seeking to open a charter
school in the State; or
‘‘(ii) in the case of a State in which local educational agencies are the only authorized public chartering agencies, the State has an appeals process for
the denial of an application for a charter school.
‘‘(B) The State entity is located in a State that ensures
equitable financing, as compared to traditional public
schools, for charter schools and students in a prompt
manner.
‘‘(C) The State entity is located in a State that provides
charter schools one or more of the following:
‘‘(i) Funding for facilities.
‘‘(ii) Assistance with facilities acquisition.
‘‘(iii) Access to public facilities.
‘‘(iv) The ability to share in bonds or mill levies.
‘‘(v) The right of first refusal to purchase public
school buildings.
‘‘(vi) Low- or no-cost leasing privileges.
‘‘(D) The State entity is located in a State that uses
best practices from charter schools to help improve struggling schools and local educational agencies.
‘‘(E) The State entity supports charter schools that
serve at-risk students through activities such as dropout
prevention, dropout recovery, or comprehensive career
counseling services.
‘‘(F) The State entity has taken steps to ensure that
all authorizing public chartering agencies implement best
practices for charter school authorizing.
‘‘(h) LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.—An eligible applicant receiving
a subgrant under this section shall use such funds to support
the activities described in subsection (b)(1), which shall include
one or more of the following activities:
‘‘(1) Preparing teachers, school leaders, and specialized
instructional support personnel, including through paying the
costs associated with—
‘‘(A) providing professional development; and
‘‘(B) hiring and compensating, during the eligible
applicant’s planning period specified in the application for
subgrant funds that is required under this section, one
or more of the following:
‘‘(i) Teachers.
‘‘(ii) School leaders.
‘‘(iii) Specialized instructional support personnel.
‘‘(2) Acquiring supplies, training, equipment (including
technology), and educational materials (including developing
and acquiring instructional materials).
‘‘(3) Carrying out necessary renovations to ensure that
a new school building complies with applicable statutes and
regulations, and minor facilities repairs (excluding construction).

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‘‘(4) Providing one-time, startup costs associated with providing transportation to students to and from the charter school.
‘‘(5) Carrying out community engagement activities, which
may include paying the cost of student and staff recruitment.
‘‘(6) Providing for other appropriate, non-sustained costs
related to the activities described in subsection (b)(1) when
such costs cannot be met from other sources.
‘‘(i) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.—Each State entity receiving
a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at the
end of the third year of the 5-year grant period (or at the end
of the second year of the grant period if the grant is less than
5 years), and at the end of such grant period, a report that includes
the following:
‘‘(1) The number of students served by each subgrant
awarded under this section and, if applicable, the number of
new students served during each year of the period of the
subgrant.
‘‘(2) A description of how the State entity met the objectives
of the quality charter school program described in the State
entity’s application under subsection (f), including—
‘‘(A) how the State entity met the objective of sharing
best and promising practices described in subsection
(f)(1)(A)(ix) in areas such as instruction, professional
development, curricula development, and operations
between charter schools and other public schools; and
‘‘(B) if known, the extent to which such practices were
adopted and implemented by such other public schools.
‘‘(3) The number and amount of subgrants awarded under
this section to carry out activities described in each of subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(1).
‘‘(4) A description of—
‘‘(A) how the State entity complied with, and ensured
that eligible applicants complied with, the assurances
included in the State entity’s application; and
‘‘(B) how the State entity worked with authorized
public chartering agencies, and how the agencies worked
with the management company or leadership of the schools
that received subgrant funds under this section, if
applicable.

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20 USC 7221c.

‘‘SEC. 4304. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

‘‘(a) GRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved under section
4302(b)(1), the Secretary shall use not less than 50 percent
to award, on a competitive basis, not less than 3 grants to
eligible entities that have the highest-quality applications
approved under subsection (d), after considering the diversity
of such applications, to demonstrate innovative methods of
helping charter schools to address the cost of acquiring, constructing, and renovating facilities by enhancing the availability
of loans or bond financing.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITY DEFINED.—For the purposes of this
section, the term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) a public entity, such as a State or local governmental entity;
‘‘(B) a private nonprofit entity; or

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129 STAT. 2005

‘‘(C) a consortium of entities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
‘‘(b) GRANTEE SELECTION.—The Secretary shall evaluate each
application submitted under subsection (d), and shall determine
whether the application is sufficient to merit approval.
‘‘(c) GRANT CHARACTERISTICS.—Grants under subsection (a)
shall be of sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to ensure an
effective demonstration of an innovative means of enhancing credit
for the financing of charter school acquisition, construction, or renovation.
‘‘(d) APPLICATIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity desiring to receive
a grant under this section shall submit an application to the
Secretary in such form as the Secretary may reasonably require.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—An application submitted under paragraph (1) shall contain—
‘‘(A) a statement identifying the activities that the
eligible entity proposes to carry out with funds received
under subsection (a), including how the eligible entity will
determine which charter schools will receive assistance,
and how much and what types of assistance charter schools
will receive;
‘‘(B) a description of the involvement of charter schools
in the application’s development and the design of the
proposed activities;
‘‘(C) a description of the eligible entity’s expertise in
capital market financing;
‘‘(D) a description of how the proposed activities will
leverage the maximum amount of private-sector financing
capital relative to the amount of government funding used
and otherwise enhance credit available to charter schools,
including how the eligible entity will offer a combination
of rates and terms more favorable than the rates and
terms that a charter school could receive without assistance
from the eligible entity under this section;
‘‘(E) a description of how the eligible entity possesses
sufficient expertise in education to evaluate the likelihood
of success of a charter school program for which facilities
financing is sought; and
‘‘(F) in the case of an application submitted by a State
governmental entity, a description of the actions that the
eligible entity has taken, or will take, to ensure that charter
schools within the State receive the funding that charter
schools need to have adequate facilities.
‘‘(e) CHARTER SCHOOL OBJECTIVES.—An eligible entity receiving
a grant under subsection (a) shall use the funds deposited in the
reserve account established under subsection (f) to assist one or
more charter schools to access private-sector capital to accomplish
one or more of the following objectives:
‘‘(1) The acquisition (by purchase, lease, donation, or otherwise) of an interest (including an interest held by a third
party for the benefit of a charter school) in improved or unimproved real property that is necessary to commence or continue
the operation of a charter school.
‘‘(2) The construction of new facilities, or the renovation,
repair, or alteration of existing facilities, necessary to commence
or continue the operation of a charter school.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(3) The predevelopment costs required to assess sites for
purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) and that are necessary to
commence or continue the operation of a charter school.
‘‘(f) RESERVE ACCOUNT.—
‘‘(1) USE OF FUNDS.—To assist charter schools in accomplishing the objectives described in subsection (e), an eligible
entity receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall, in accordance with State and local law, directly or indirectly, alone
or in collaboration with others, deposit the funds received under
subsection (a) (other than funds used for administrative costs
in accordance with subsection (g)) in a reserve account established and maintained by the eligible entity for this purpose.
Amounts deposited in such account shall be used by the eligible
entity for one or more of the following purposes:
‘‘(A) Guaranteeing, insuring, and reinsuring bonds,
notes, evidences of debt, loans, and interests therein, the
proceeds of which are used for an objective described in
subsection (e).
‘‘(B) Guaranteeing and insuring leases of personal and
real property for an objective described in subsection (e).
‘‘(C) Facilitating financing by identifying potential
lending sources, encouraging private lending, and other
similar activities that directly promote lending to, or for
the benefit of, charter schools.
‘‘(D) Facilitating the issuance of bonds by charter
schools, or by other public entities for the benefit of charter
schools, by providing technical, administrative, and other
appropriate assistance (including the recruitment of bond
counsel, underwriters, and potential investors and the
consolidation of multiple charter school projects within a
single bond issue).
‘‘(2) INVESTMENT.—Funds received under subsection (a) and
deposited in the reserve account established under paragraph
(1) shall be invested in obligations issued or guaranteed by
the United States or a State, or in other similarly low-risk
securities.
‘‘(3) REINVESTMENT OF EARNINGS.—Any earnings on funds
received under subsection (a) shall be deposited in the reserve
account established under paragraph (1) and used in accordance
with this subsection.
‘‘(g) LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—An eligible entity
may use not more than 2.5 percent of the funds received under
subsection (a) for the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
‘‘(h) AUDITS AND REPORTS.—
‘‘(1) FINANCIAL RECORD MAINTENANCE AND AUDIT.—The
financial records of each eligible entity receiving a grant under
subsection (a) shall be maintained in accordance with generally
accepted accounting principles and shall be subject to an annual
audit by an independent public accountant.
‘‘(2) REPORTS.—
‘‘(A) GRANTEE ANNUAL REPORTS.—Each eligible entity
receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall submit to the
Secretary an annual report of the entity’s operations and
activities under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
‘‘(B) CONTENTS.—Each annual report submitted under
subparagraph (A) shall include—

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129 STAT. 2007

‘‘(i) a copy of the most recent financial statements,
and any accompanying opinion on such statements,
prepared by the independent public accountant
reviewing the financial records of the eligible entity;
‘‘(ii) a copy of any report made on an audit of
the financial records of the eligible entity that was
conducted under paragraph (1) during the reporting
period;
‘‘(iii) an evaluation by the eligible entity of the
effectiveness of its use of the Federal funds provided
under subsection (a) in leveraging private funds;
‘‘(iv) a listing and description of the charter schools
served during the reporting period, including the
amount of funds used by each school, the type of project
facilitated by the grant, and the type of assistance
provided to the charter schools;
‘‘(v) a description of the activities carried out by
the eligible entity to assist charter schools in meeting
the objectives set forth in subsection (e); and
‘‘(vi) a description of the characteristics of lenders
and other financial institutions participating in the
activities carried out by the eligible entity under this
section (excluding subsection (k)) during the reporting
period.
‘‘(C) SECRETARIAL REPORT.—The Secretary shall review
the reports submitted under subparagraph (A) and shall
provide a comprehensive annual report to Congress on
the activities conducted under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
‘‘(i) NO FULL FAITH AND CREDIT FOR GRANTEE OBLIGATION.—
No financial obligation of an eligible entity entered into pursuant
to this section (such as an obligation under a guarantee, bond,
note, evidence of debt, or loan) shall be an obligation of, or guaranteed in any respect by, the United States. The full faith and credit
of the United States is not pledged to the payment of funds that
may be required to be paid under any obligation made by an
eligible entity pursuant to any provision of this section.
‘‘(j) RECOVERY OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in accordance with
chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code, shall collect—
‘‘(A) all of the funds in a reserve account established
by an eligible entity under subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary
determines, not earlier than 2 years after the date on
which the eligible entity first received funds under subsection (a), that the eligible entity has failed to make
substantial progress in carrying out the purposes described
in subsection (f)(1); or
‘‘(B) all or a portion of the funds in a reserve account
established by an eligible entity under subsection (f)(1)
if the Secretary determines that the eligible entity has
permanently ceased to use all or a portion of the funds
in such account to accomplish any purpose described in
subsection (f)(1).
‘‘(2) EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY.—The Secretary shall not exercise the authority provided in paragraph (1) to collect from
any eligible entity any funds that are being properly used

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
to achieve one or more of the purposes described in subsection
(f)(1).
‘‘(3) PROCEDURES.—The provisions of sections 451, 452, and
458 of the General Education Provisions Act shall apply to
the recovery of funds under paragraph (1).
‘‘(4) CONSTRUCTION.—This subsection shall not be construed
to impair or affect the authority of the Secretary to recover
funds under part D of the General Education Provisions Act
(20 U.S.C. 1234 et seq.).
‘‘(k) PER-PUPIL FACILITIES AID PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) DEFINITION OF PER-PUPIL FACILITIES AID PROGRAM.—
In this subsection, the term ‘per-pupil facilities aid program’
means a program in which a State makes payments, on a
per-pupil basis, to charter schools to provide the schools with
financing—
‘‘(A) that is dedicated solely to funding charter school
facilities; or
‘‘(B) a portion of which is dedicated for funding charter
school facilities.
‘‘(2) GRANTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved under
section 4302(b)(1) and remaining after the Secretary makes
grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make
grants, on a competitive basis, to States to pay for the
Federal share of the cost of establishing or enhancing,
and administering, per-pupil facilities aid programs.
‘‘(B) PERIOD.—The Secretary shall award grants under
this subsection for periods of not more than 5 years.
‘‘(C) FEDERAL SHARE.—The Federal share of the cost
described in subparagraph (A) for a per-pupil facilities
aid program shall be not more than—
‘‘(i) 90 percent of the cost, for the first fiscal year
for which the program receives assistance under this
subsection;
‘‘(ii) 80 percent for the second such year;
‘‘(iii) 60 percent for the third such year;
‘‘(iv) 40 percent for the fourth such year; and
‘‘(v) 20 percent for the fifth such year.
‘‘(D) STATE SHARE.—A State receiving a grant under
this subsection may partner with 1 or more organizations,
and such organizations may provide not more than 50
percent of the State share of the cost of establishing or
enhancing, and administering, the per-pupil facilities aid
program.
‘‘(E) MULTIPLE GRANTS.—A State may receive more
than 1 grant under this subsection, so long as the amount
of total funds provided to charter schools increases with
each successive grant.
‘‘(3) USE OF FUNDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—A State that receives a grant under
this subsection shall use the funds made available through
the grant to establish or enhance, and administer, a perpupil facilities aid program for charter schools in the State
of the applicant.
‘‘(B) EVALUATIONS; TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE; DISSEMINATION.—From the amount made available to a State through
a grant under this subsection for a fiscal year, the State

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may reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out evaluations, to provide technical assistance, and to disseminate
information.
‘‘(C) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Funds made available under this subsection shall be used to supplement,
and not supplant, State and local public funds expended
to provide per-pupil facilities aid programs, operations
financing programs, or other programs, for charter schools.
‘‘(4) REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(A) VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION.—No State may be
required to participate in a program carried out under
this subsection.
‘‘(B) STATE LAW.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—To be eligible to receive a grant
under this subsection, a State shall establish or
enhance, and administer, a per-pupil facilities aid program for charter schools in the State, that—
‘‘(I) is specified in State law; and
‘‘(II) provides annual financing, on a per-pupil
basis, for charter school facilities.
‘‘(ii) SPECIAL RULE.—A State that is required under
State law to provide its charter schools with access
to adequate facility space, but that does not have a
per-pupil facilities aid program for charter schools
specified in State law, is eligible to receive a grant
under this subsection if the State agrees to use the
funds to develop a per-pupil facilities aid program consistent with the requirements of this subsection.
‘‘(5) APPLICATIONS.—To be eligible to receive a grant under
this subsection, a State shall submit an application to the
Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such
information as the Secretary may require.

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‘‘SEC. 4305. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

20 USC 7221d.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—From the amount reserved under section
4302(b)(2), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) use not more than 80 percent of such funds to award
grants in accordance with subsection (b);
‘‘(2) use not more than 9 percent of such funds to award
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible applicants for the
purpose of carrying out the activities described in section
4303(h) in a State that did not receive a grant under section
4303; and
‘‘(3) after the uses described in paragraphs (1) and (2),
use the remainder of such funds to—
‘‘(A) disseminate technical assistance to—
‘‘(i) State entities in awarding subgrants under
section 4303(b)(1); and
‘‘(ii) eligible entities and States receiving grants
under section 4304;
‘‘(B) disseminate best practices regarding charter
schools; and
‘‘(C) evaluate the impact of the charter school program
carried out under this part, including the impact on student
achievement.
‘‘(b) GRANTS FOR THE REPLICATION AND EXPANSION OF HIGHQUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.—

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‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall make grants, on
a competitive basis, to eligible entities having applications
approved under paragraph (3) to enable such entities to open
and prepare for the operation of one or more replicated highquality charter schools or to expand one or more high-quality
charter schools.
‘‘(2) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—For purposes of this
subsection, the term ‘eligible entity’ means a charter management organization.
‘‘(3) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.—An eligible entity
desiring to receive a grant under this subsection shall submit
an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner
as the Secretary may require. The application shall include
the following:
‘‘(A) EXISTING CHARTER SCHOOL DATA.—For each
charter school currently operated or managed by the
eligible entity—
‘‘(i) student assessment results for all students
and for each subgroup of students described in section
1111(c)(2);
‘‘(ii) attendance and student retention rates for
the most recently completed school year and, if
applicable, the most recent available 4-year adjusted
cohort graduation rates and extended-year adjusted
cohort graduation rates; and
‘‘(iii) information on any significant compliance and
management issues encountered within the last 3
school years by any school operated or managed by
the eligible entity, including in the areas of student
safety and finance.
‘‘(B) DESCRIPTIONS.—A description of—
‘‘(i) the eligible entity’s objectives for implementing
a high-quality charter school program with funding
under this subsection, including a description of the
proposed number of high-quality charter schools the
eligible entity proposes to open as a result of the replication of a high-quality charter school or to expand
with funding under this subsection;
‘‘(ii) the educational program that the eligible
entity will implement in such charter schools,
including—
‘‘(I) information on how the program will
enable all students to meet the challenging State
academic standards;
‘‘(II) the grade levels or ages of students who
will be served; and
‘‘(III) the instructional practices that will be
used;
‘‘(iii) how the operation of such charter schools
will be sustained after the grant under this subsection
has ended, which shall include a multi-year financial
and operating model for the eligible entity;
‘‘(iv) how the eligible entity will ensure that such
charter schools will recruit and enroll students,
including children with disabilities, English learners,
and other educationally disadvantaged students; and

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‘‘(v) any request and justification for any waivers
of Federal statutory or regulatory requirements that
the eligible entity believes are necessary for the
successful operation of such charter schools.
‘‘(C) ASSURANCE.—An assurance that the eligible entity
has sufficient procedures in effect to ensure timely closure
of low-performing or financially mismanaged charter
schools and clear plans and procedures in effect for the
students in such schools to attend other high-quality
schools.
‘‘(4) SELECTION CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall select
eligible entities to receive grants under this subsection, on
the basis of the quality of the applications submitted under
paragraph (3), after taking into consideration such factors as—
‘‘(A) the degree to which the eligible entity has demonstrated success in increasing academic achievement for
all students and for each of the subgroups of students
described in section 1111(c)(2) attending the charter schools
the eligible entity operates or manages;
‘‘(B) a determination that the eligible entity has not
operated or managed a significant proportion of charter
schools that—
‘‘(i) have been closed;
‘‘(ii) have had the school’s charter revoked due
to problems with statutory or regulatory compliance;
or
‘‘(iii) have had the school’s affiliation with the
eligible entity revoked or terminated, including
through voluntary disaffiliation; and
‘‘(C) a determination that the eligible entity has not
experienced significant problems with statutory or regulatory compliance that could lead to the revocation of a
school’s charter.
‘‘(5) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the
Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that—
‘‘(A) plan to operate or manage high-quality charter
schools with racially and socioeconomically diverse student
bodies;
‘‘(B) demonstrate success in working with schools
identified by the State for comprehensive support and
improvement under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
‘‘(C) propose to use funds—
‘‘(i) to expand high-quality charter schools to serve
high school students; or
‘‘(ii) to replicate high-quality charter schools to
serve high school students; or
‘‘(D) propose to operate or manage high-quality charter
schools that focus on dropout recovery and academic
reentry.
‘‘(c) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.—Except as otherwise provided,
grants awarded under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a)
shall have the same terms and conditions as grants awarded to
State entities under section 4303.’’;
(2) in section 4306 (20 U.S.C. 7221e), as redesignated by
section 4001, by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) NEW OR SIGNIFICANTLY EXPANDING CHARTER SCHOOLS.—
For purposes of implementing the hold harmless protections in

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sections 1122(c) and 1125A(g)(3) for a newly opened or significantly
expanded charter school under this part, a State educational agency
shall calculate a hold-harmless base for the prior year that, as
applicable, reflects the new or significantly expanded enrollment
of the charter school.’’;
(3) in section 4308 (20 U.S.C. 7221g), as redesignated by
section 4001, by inserting ‘‘as quickly as possible and’’ before
‘‘to the extent practicable’’;
(4) in section 4310 (20 U.S.C. 7221i), as redesignated by
section 4001—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘subpart’’ and inserting ‘‘part’’;
(B) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as
paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), respectively;
(C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (1),
and moving such paragraph so as to precede paragraph
(2), as redesignated by subparagraph (B);
(D) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by subparagraph
(B)—
(i) in subparagraph (G), by striking ‘‘, and part
B’’ and inserting ‘‘, the Americans with Disabilities
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), section 444
of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C.
1232g) (commonly referred to as the ‘Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974’), and part
B’’;
(ii) by striking subparagraph (H) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(H) is a school to which parents choose to send their
children, and that—
‘‘(i) admits students on the basis of a lottery, consistent with section 4303(c)(3)(A), if more students
apply for admission than can be accommodated; or
‘‘(ii) in the case of a school that has an affiliated
charter school (such as a school that is part of the
same network of schools), automatically enrolls students who are enrolled in the immediate prior grade
level of the affiliated charter school and, for any additional student openings or student openings created
through regular attrition in student enrollment in the
affiliated charter school and the enrolling school,
admits students on the basis of a lottery as described
in clause (i);’’;
(iii) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(I) agrees to comply with the same Federal and State
audit requirements as do other elementary schools and
secondary schools in the State, unless such State audit
requirements are waived by the State;’’;
(iv) in subparagraph (K), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the
end;
(v) in subparagraph (L), by striking the period
at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(vi) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(M) may serve students in early childhood
education programs or postsecondary students.’’;

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129 STAT. 2013

(E) by inserting after paragraph (2), as redesignated
by subparagraph (B), the following:
‘‘(3) CHARTER MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION.—The term
‘charter management organization’ means a nonprofit organization that operates or manages a network of charter schools
linked by centralized support, operations, and oversight.
‘‘(4) CHARTER SCHOOL SUPPORT ORGANIZATION.—The term
‘charter school support organization’ means a nonprofit, nongovernmental entity that is not an authorized public chartering
agency and provides, on a statewide basis—
‘‘(A) assistance to developers during the planning, program design, and initial implementation of a charter school;
and
‘‘(B) technical assistance to operating charter schools.’’;
(F) in paragraph (6)(B), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘under section 5203(d)(3)’’; and
(G) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(7) EXPAND.—The term ‘expand’, when used with respect
to a high-quality charter school, means to significantly increase
enrollment or add one or more grades to the high-quality
charter school.
‘‘(8) HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOL.—The term ‘highquality charter school’ means a charter school that—
‘‘(A) shows evidence of strong academic results, which
may include strong student academic growth, as determined by a State;
‘‘(B) has no significant issues in the areas of student
safety, financial and operational management, or statutory
or regulatory compliance;
‘‘(C) has demonstrated success in significantly
increasing student academic achievement, including
graduation rates where applicable, for all students served
by the charter school; and
‘‘(D) has demonstrated success in increasing student
academic achievement, including graduation rates where
applicable, for each of the subgroups of students, as defined
in section 1111(c)(2), except that such demonstration is
not required in a case in which the number of students
in a group is insufficient to yield statistically reliable
information or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student.
‘‘(9) REPLICATE.—The term ‘replicate’, when used with
respect to a high-quality charter school, means to open a new
charter school, or a new campus of a high-quality charter
school, based on the educational model of an existing highquality charter school, under an existing charter or an additional charter, if permitted or required by State law.’’; and
(5) by striking section 4311 (20 U.S.C. 7221j), as redesignated by section 4001, and inserting the following:

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‘‘SEC. 4311. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

20 USC 7221j.

‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
part—
‘‘(1) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
‘‘(2) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
‘‘(3) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
‘‘(4) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.’’.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

PART D—MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE
SEC. 4401. MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE.

20 USC 7231.

20 USC 7231d.

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20 USC 7231e.

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Part D of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by
section 4001(b)(3), is further amended—
(1) in section 4401—
(A) in subsection (a)(2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘2,000,000’’ and inserting
‘‘2,500,000’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘65’’ and inserting ‘‘69’’; and
(B) in subsection (b)—
(i) in paragraph (2)—
(I) by striking ‘‘and implementation’’ and
inserting ‘‘, implementation, and expansion’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘content standards and student
academic achievement standards’’ and inserting
‘‘standards’’;
(ii) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘and design’’ and
inserting ‘‘, design, and expansion’’;
(iii) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and
inserting ‘‘career’’; and
(iv) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘productive’’;
(2) in section 4405(b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ‘‘any available
evidence on, or if such evidence is not available, a
rationale, based on current research, for’’ before ‘‘how
the proposed magnet school programs’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ‘‘, including
any evidence, or if such evidence is not available, a
rationale based on current research findings, to support
such description’’ before the semicolon;
(iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E)
as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
(iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
‘‘(D) how the applicant will assess, monitor, and
evaluate the impact of the activities funded under this
part on student achievement and integration;’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘section
5301(b)’’ and inserting ‘‘section 4401(b)’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘highly qualified’’ and inserting ‘‘effective’’;
(3) in section 4406, by striking paragraphs (2) and (3)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) propose to—
‘‘(A) carry out a new, evidence-based magnet school
program;
‘‘(B) significantly revise an existing magnet school program, using evidence-based methods and practices, as
available; or
‘‘(C) replicate an existing magnet school program that
has a demonstrated record of success in increasing student
academic achievement and reducing isolation of minority
groups;

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129 STAT. 2015

‘‘(3) propose to select students to attend magnet school
programs by methods such as lottery, rather than through
academic examination; and
‘‘(4) propose to increase racial integration by taking into
account socioeconomic diversity in designing and implementing
magnet school programs.’’;
(4) in section 4407—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘highly qualified’’
and inserting ‘‘effective’’;
(ii) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(iii) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at
the end and inserting a semicolon; and
(iv) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(8) to enable the local educational agency, or consortium
of such agencies, or other organizations partnered with such
agency or consortium, to establish, expand, or strengthen interdistrict and regional magnet programs; and
‘‘(9) notwithstanding section 426 of the General Education
Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1228), to provide transportation to
and from the magnet school, provided that—
‘‘(A) such transportation is sustainable beyond the
grant period; and
‘‘(B) the costs of providing transportation do not represent a significant portion of the grant funds received
by the eligible local educational agency under this part
.’’; and
(B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) SPECIAL RULE.—Grant funds under this part may be used
for activities described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection
(a) only if the activities are directly related to improving student
academic achievement based on the challenging State academic
standards or directly related to improving student reading skills
or knowledge of mathematics, science, history, geography, English,
foreign languages, art, or music, or to improving career, technical,
and professional skills.’’;
(5) in section 4408—
(A) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘3’’ and inserting
‘‘5’’;
(B) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) AMOUNT.—No grant awarded under this part to a local
educational agency, or a consortium of such agencies, shall be
for more than $15,000,000 for the grant period described in subsection (a).’’; and
(C) in subsection (d), by striking ‘‘July’’ and inserting
‘‘June’’;
(6) in section 4409—
(A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) AUTHORIZATION.—There are authorized to be appropriated
to carry out this part the following amounts:
‘‘(1) $94,000,000 for fiscal year 2017.
‘‘(2) $96,820,000 for fiscal year 2018.
‘‘(3) $102,387,150 for fiscal year 2019.
‘‘(4) $108,530,379 for fiscal year 2020.’’.

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20 USC 7231f.

20 USC 7231h.

20 USC 7231j.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
(B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
and

(C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
‘‘(b) RESERVATION FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary
may reserve not more than 1 percent of the funds appropriated
under subsection (a) for any fiscal year to provide technical assistance and share best practices with respect to magnet school programs assisted under this part.’’.

PART E—FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN
EDUCATION PROGRAMS
SEC. 4501. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by section 4001,
is further amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘PART E—FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN
EDUCATION PROGRAMS
20 USC 7241.

‘‘SEC. 4501. PURPOSES.

‘‘The purposes of this part are the following:
‘‘(1) To provide financial support to organizations to provide
technical assistance and training to State educational agencies
and local educational agencies in the implementation and
enhancement of systemic and effective family engagement policies, programs, and activities that lead to improvements in
student development and academic achievement.
‘‘(2) To assist State educational agencies, local educational
agencies, community-based organizations, schools, and educators in strengthening partnerships among parents, teachers,
school leaders, administrators, and other school personnel in
meeting the educational needs of children and fostering greater
parental engagement.
‘‘(3) To support State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents in developing
and strengthening the relationship between parents and their
children’s school in order to further the developmental progress
of children.
‘‘(4) To coordinate activities funded under this part with
parent involvement initiatives funded under section 1116 and
other provisions of this Act.
‘‘(5) To assist the Secretary, State educational agencies,
and local educational agencies in the coordination and integration of Federal, State, and local services and programs to engage
families in education.

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20 USC 7242.

‘‘SEC. 4502. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

‘‘(a) STATEWIDE FAMILY ENGAGEMENT CENTERS.—From the
amount appropriated under section 4506 and not reserved under
subsection (d), the Secretary is authorized to award grants for
each fiscal year to statewide organizations (or consortia of such
organizations), to establish statewide family engagement centers
that—
‘‘(1) carry out parent education, and family engagement
in education, programs; or

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‘‘(2) provide comprehensive training and technical assistance to State educational agencies, local educational agencies,
schools identified by State educational agencies and local educational agencies, organizations that support family-school partnerships, and other organizations that carry out such programs.
‘‘(b) MINIMUM AWARD.—In awarding grants under this section,
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, ensure that a grant
is awarded for a statewide family engagement center in an amount
not less than $500,000.
‘‘(c) MATCHING FUNDS FOR GRANT RENEWAL.—Each organization or consortium receiving assistance under this part shall demonstrate that, for each fiscal year after the first fiscal year for
which the organization or consortium is receiving such assistance,
a portion of the services provided by the organization or consortium
is supported through non-Federal contributions, which may be in
cash or in-kind.
‘‘(d) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary shall reserve not
more than 2 percent of the funds appropriated under section 4506
to carry out this part to provide technical assistance, by competitive
grant or contract, for the establishment, development, and coordination of statewide family engagement centers.

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‘‘SEC. 4503. APPLICATIONS.

20 USC 7243.

‘‘(a) SUBMISSIONS.—Each statewide organization, or a consortium of such organizations, that desires a grant under this part
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and
in such manner as the Secretary may require, which shall include
the information described in subsection (b).
‘‘(b) CONTENTS.—Each application submitted under subsection
(a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
‘‘(1) A description of the applicant’s approach to family
engagement in education.
‘‘(2) A description of how the State educational agency
and any partner organization will support the statewide family
engagement center that will be operated by the applicant
including a description of the State educational agency and
any partner organization’s commitment of such support.
‘‘(3) A description of the applicant’s plan for building a
statewide infrastructure for family engagement in education,
that includes—
‘‘(A) management and governance;
‘‘(B) statewide leadership; or
‘‘(C) systemic services for family engagement in education.
‘‘(4) A description of the applicant’s demonstrated experience in providing training, information, and support to State
educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, educators, parents, and organizations on family engagement in
education policies and practices that are effective for parents
(including low-income parents) and families, parents of English
learners, minorities, students with disabilities, homeless children and youth, children and youth in foster care, and migrant
students, including evaluation results, reporting, or other data
exhibiting such demonstrated experience.
‘‘(5) A description of the steps the applicant will take to
target services to low-income students and parents.
‘‘(6) An assurance that the applicant will—

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129 STAT. 2018

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(A) establish a special advisory committee, the membership of which includes—
‘‘(i) parents, who shall constitute a majority of
the members of the special advisory committee;
‘‘(ii) representatives of education professionals with
expertise in improving services for disadvantaged children;
‘‘(iii) representatives of local elementary schools
and secondary schools, including students;
‘‘(iv) representatives of the business community;
and
‘‘(v) representatives of State educational agencies
and local educational agencies;
‘‘(B) use not less than 65 percent of the funds received
under this part in each fiscal year to serve local educational
agencies, schools, and community-based organizations that
serve high concentrations of disadvantaged students,
including students who are English learners, minorities,
students with disabilities, homeless children and youth,
children and youth in foster care, and migrant students;
‘‘(C) operate a statewide family engagement center of
sufficient size, scope, and quality to ensure that the center
is adequate to serve the State educational agency, local
educational agencies, and community-based organizations;
‘‘(D) ensure that the statewide family engagement
center will retain staff with the requisite training and
experience to serve parents in the State;
‘‘(E) serve urban, suburban, and rural local educational
agencies and schools;
‘‘(F) work with—
‘‘(i) other statewide family engagement centers
assisted under this part; and
‘‘(ii) parent training and information centers and
community parent resource centers assisted under sections 671 and 672 of the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1471; 1472);
‘‘(G) use not less than 30 percent of the funds received
under this part for each fiscal year to establish or expand
technical assistance for evidence-based parent education
programs;
‘‘(H) provide assistance to State educational agencies,
local educational agencies, and community-based organizations that support family members in supporting student
academic achievement;
‘‘(I) work with State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents to determine parental needs and the best means for delivery of
services to address such needs;
‘‘(J) conduct sufficient outreach to assist parents,
including parents who the applicant may have a difficult
time engaging with a school or local educational agency;
and
‘‘(K) conduct outreach to low-income students and parents, including low-income students and parents who are
not proficient in English.

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129 STAT. 2019

‘‘(7) An assurance that the applicant will conduct training
programs in the community to improve adult literacy, including
financial literacy.
‘‘(c) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants for activities described in
this part, the Secretary shall give priority to statewide family
engagement centers that will use funds under section 4504 for
evidence-based activities, which, for the purposes of this part is
defined as activities meeting the requirements of section
8101(21)(A)(i).

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‘‘SEC. 4504. USES OF FUNDS.

20 USC 7244.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Each statewide organization or consortium
receiving a grant under this part shall use the grant funds, based
on the needs determined under section 4503(b)(6)(I), to provide
training and technical assistance to State educational agencies,
local educational agencies, and organizations that support familyschool partnerships, and activities, services, and training for local
educational agencies, school leaders, educators, and parents—
‘‘(1) to assist parents in participating effectively in their
children’s education and to help their children meet challenging
State academic standards, such as by assisting parents—
‘‘(A) to engage in activities that will improve student
academic achievement, including understanding how parents can support learning in the classroom with activities
at home and in after school and extracurricular programs;
‘‘(B) to communicate effectively with their children,
teachers, school leaders, counselors, administrators, and
other school personnel;
‘‘(C) to become active participants in the development,
implementation, and review of school-parent compacts,
family engagement in education policies, and school planning and improvement;
‘‘(D) to participate in the design and provision of assistance to students who are not making academic progress;
‘‘(E) to participate in State and local decisionmaking;
‘‘(F) to train other parents; and
‘‘(G) in learning and using technology applied in their
children’s education;
‘‘(2) to develop and implement, in partnership with the
State educational agency, statewide family engagement in education policy and systemic initiatives that will provide for a
continuum of services to remove barriers for family engagement
in education and support school reform efforts; and
‘‘(3) to develop and implement parental involvement policies
under this Act.
‘‘(b) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall
be construed to prohibit a statewide family engagement center
from—
‘‘(1) having its employees or agents meet with a parent
at a site that is not on school grounds; or
‘‘(2) working with another agency that serves children.
‘‘(c) PARENTAL RIGHTS.—Notwithstanding any other provision
of this section—
‘‘(1) no person (including a parent who educates a child
at home, a public school parent, or a private school parent)
shall be required to participate in any program of parent education or developmental screening under this section; and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(2) no program or center assisted under this section shall
take any action that infringes in any manner on the right
of parents to direct the education of their children.

20 USC 7245.

‘‘SEC. 4505. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN INDIAN SCHOOLS.

‘‘The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall establish, or enter into contracts and
cooperative agreements with, local tribes, tribal organizations, or
Indian nonprofit parent organizations to establish and operate
family engagement centers.
20 USC 7246.

‘‘SEC. 4506. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
part $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.’’.’’.

PART F—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES
SEC. 4601. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by the previous
provisions of this title, is further amended by adding at the end
the following:

‘‘PART F—NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

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20 USC 7251.

‘‘SEC. 4601. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; RESERVATIONS.

‘‘(a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this part—
‘‘(1) $200,741,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018;
and
‘‘(2) $220,741,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 and 2020.
‘‘(b) RESERVATIONS.—From the amounts appropriated under
subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) reserve $5,000,000 to carry out activities authorized
under subpart 3; and
‘‘(2) from the amounts remaining after the reservation
under paragraph (1)—
‘‘(A) carry out activities authorized under subpart 1
using—
‘‘(i) 36 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2017 and 2018; and
‘‘(ii) 42 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2019 and 2020;
‘‘(B) carry out activities authorized under subpart 2
using—
‘‘(i) 36 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2017 and 2018; and
‘‘(ii) 32 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2019 and 2020; and
‘‘(C) to carry out activities authorized under subpart
4—
‘‘(i) 28 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2017 and 2018; and
‘‘(ii) 26 percent of such remainder for each of fiscal
years 2019 and 2020.

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‘‘Subpart 1—Education Innovation and Research

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‘‘SEC. 4611. GRANTS FOR EDUCATION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH.

20 USC 7261.

‘‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From funds reserved under section
4601(b)(2)(A), the Secretary shall make grants to eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to—
‘‘(A) create, develop, implement, replicate, or take to
scale entrepreneurial, evidence-based, field-initiated
innovations to improve student achievement and attainment for high-need students; and
‘‘(B) rigorously evaluate such innovations, in accordance with subsection (e).
‘‘(2) DESCRIPTION OF GRANTS.—The grants described in
paragraph (1) shall include—
‘‘(A) early-phase grants to fund the development,
implementation, and feasibility testing of a program, which
prior research suggests has promise, for the purpose of
determining whether the program can successfully improve
student achievement or attainment for high-need students;
‘‘(B) mid-phase grants to fund implementation and a
rigorous evaluation of a program that has been successfully
implemented under an early-phase grant described in
subparagraph (A) or other effort meeting similar criteria,
for the purpose of measuring the program’s impact and
cost effectiveness, if possible using existing administrative
data; and
‘‘(C) expansion grants to fund implementation and a
rigorous replication evaluation of a program that has been
found to produce sizable, important impacts under a midphase grant described in subparagraph (B) or other effort
meeting similar criteria, for the purposes of—
‘‘(i) determining whether such impacts can be
successfully reproduced and sustained over time; and
‘‘(ii) identifying the conditions in which the program is most effective.
‘‘(b) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—In this subpart, the term ‘eligible entity’
means any of the following:
‘‘(1) A local educational agency.
‘‘(2) A State educational agency.
‘‘(3) The Bureau of Indian Education.
‘‘(4) A consortium of State educational agencies or local
educational agencies.
‘‘(5) A nonprofit organization.
‘‘(6) A State educational agency, a local educational agency,
a consortium described in paragraph (4), or the Bureau of
Indian Education, in partnership with—
‘‘(A) a nonprofit organization;
‘‘(B) a business;
‘‘(C) an educational service agency; or
‘‘(D) an institution of higher education.
‘‘(c) RURAL AREAS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—In awarding grants under subsection
(a), the Secretary shall ensure that not less than 25 percent
of the funds made available for any fiscal year are awarded
for programs that meet both of the following requirements:
‘‘(A) The grantee is—

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‘‘(i) a local educational agency with an urban-centric district locale code of 32, 33, 41, 42, or 43, as
determined by the Secretary;
‘‘(ii) a consortium of such local educational agencies;
‘‘(iii) an educational service agency or a nonprofit
organization in partnership with such a local educational agency; or
‘‘(iv) a grantee described in clause (i) or (ii) in
partnership with a State educational agency.
‘‘(B) A majority of the schools to be served by the
program are designated with a locale code of 32, 33, 41,
42, or 43, or a combination of such codes, as determined
by the Secretary.
‘‘(2) EXCEPTION.—Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Secretary shall reduce the amount of funds made available under
such paragraph if the Secretary does not receive a sufficient
number of applications of sufficient quality.
‘‘(d) MATCHING FUNDS.—In order to receive a grant under subsection (a), an eligible entity shall demonstrate that the eligible
entity will provide matching funds, in cash or through in-kind
contributions, from Federal, State, local, or private sources in an
amount equal to 10 percent of the funds provided under such
grant, except that the Secretary may waive the matching funds
requirement, on a case-by-case basis, upon a showing of exceptional
circumstances, such as—
‘‘(1) the difficulty of raising matching funds for a program
to serve a rural area;
‘‘(2) the difficulty of raising matching funds in areas with
a concentration of local educational agencies or schools with
a high percentage of students aged 5 through 17—
‘‘(A) who are in poverty, as counted in the most recent
census data approved by the Secretary;
‘‘(B) who are eligible for a free or reduced price lunch
under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act
(42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
‘‘(C) whose families receive assistance under the State
program funded under part A of title IV of the Social
Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); or
‘‘(D) who are eligible to receive medical assistance
under the Medicaid program; and
‘‘(3) the difficulty of raising funds on tribal land.
‘‘(e) EVALUATION.—Each recipient of a grant under this section
shall conduct an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of
the program carried out under such grant.
‘‘(f) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary may reserve not
more than 5 percent of the funds appropriated under section
4601(b)(2)(A) for each fiscal year to—
‘‘(1) provide technical assistance for eligibility entities,
which may include pre-application workshops, web-based seminars, and evaluation support; and
‘‘(2) to disseminate best practices.

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129 STAT. 2023

‘‘Subpart 2—Community Support for School
Success
‘‘SEC. 4621. PURPOSES.

20 USC 7271.

‘‘The purposes of this subpart are to—
‘‘(1) significantly improve the academic and developmental
outcomes of children living in the most distressed communities
of the United States, including ensuring school readiness, high
school graduation, and access to a community-based continuum
of high-quality services; and
‘‘(2) provide support for the planning, implementation, and
operation of full-service community schools that improve the
coordination and integration, accessibility, and effectiveness of
services for children and families, particularly for children
attending high-poverty schools, including high-poverty rural
schools.

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‘‘SEC. 4622. DEFINITIONS.

20 USC 7272.

‘‘In this subpart:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means the
following:
‘‘(A) With respect to a grant for activities described
in section 4623(a)(1)(A)—
‘‘(i) an institution of higher education, as defined
in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965
(20 U.S.C. 1002);
‘‘(ii) an Indian tribe or tribal organization, as
defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination
and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b); or
‘‘(iii) one or more nonprofit entities working in
formal partnership with not less than 1 of the following
entities:
‘‘(I) A high-need local educational agency.
‘‘(II) An institution of higher education, as
defined in section 102 of the Higher Education
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).
‘‘(III) The office of a chief elected official of
a unit of local government.
‘‘(IV) An Indian tribe or tribal organization,
as defined under section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C.
450b).
‘‘(B) With respect to a grant for activities described
in section 4623(a)(1)(B), a consortium of—
‘‘(i)(I) 1 or more local educational agencies; or
‘‘(II) the Bureau of Indian Education; and
‘‘(ii) 1 or more community-based organizations,
nonprofit organizations, or other public or private entities.
‘‘(2) FULL-SERVICE COMMUNITY SCHOOL.—The term ‘fullservice community school’ means a public elementary school
or secondary school that—
‘‘(A) participates in a community-based effort to coordinate and integrate educational, developmental, family,
health, and other comprehensive services through community-based organizations and public and private partnerships; and

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‘‘(B) provides access to such services in school to students, families, and the community, such as access during
the school year (including before- and after-school hours
and weekends), as well as during the summer.
‘‘(3) PIPELINE SERVICES.—The term ‘pipeline services’ means
a continuum of coordinated supports, services, and opportunities for children from birth through entry into and success
in postsecondary education, and career attainment. Such services shall include, at a minimum, strategies to address through
services or programs (including integrated student supports)
the following:
‘‘(A) High-quality early childhood education programs.
‘‘(B) High-quality school and out-of-school-time programs and strategies.
‘‘(C) Support for a child’s transition to elementary
school, from elementary school to middle school, from
middle school to high school, and from high school into
and through postsecondary education and into the
workforce, including any comprehensive readiness assessment determined necessary.
‘‘(D) Family and community engagement and supports,
which may include engaging or supporting families at
school or at home.
‘‘(E) Activities that support postsecondary and
workforce readiness, which may include job training,
internship opportunities, and career counseling.
‘‘(F) Community-based support for students who have
attended the schools in the area served by the pipeline,
or students who are members of the community, facilitating
their continued connection to the community and success
in postsecondary education and the workforce.
‘‘(G) Social, health, nutrition, and mental health services and supports.
‘‘(H) Juvenile crime prevention and rehabilitation programs.

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20 USC 7273.

‘‘SEC. 4623. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

‘‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall use not less than
95 percent of the amounts made available under section
4601(b)(2)(B) to award grants, on a competitive basis and subject to subsection (e), to eligible entities for the following activities:
‘‘(A) PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS.—The implementation
of a comprehensive, effective continuum of coordinated
services that meets the purpose described in section 4621(1)
by carrying out activities in neighborhoods with—
‘‘(i) high concentrations of low-income individuals;
‘‘(ii) multiple signs of distress, which may include
high rates of poverty, childhood obesity, academic
failure, and juvenile delinquency, adjudication, or
incarceration; and
‘‘(iii) schools implementing comprehensive support
and improvement activities or targeted support and
improvement activities under section 1111(d).

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‘‘(B) FULL-SERVICE COMMUNITY SCHOOLS.—The provision of assistance to public elementary schools or secondary
schools to function as full-service community schools.
‘‘(2) SUFFICIENT SIZE AND SCOPE.—Each grant awarded
under this subpart shall be of sufficient size and scope to
allow the eligible entity to carry out the applicable purposes
of this subpart.
‘‘(b) DURATION.—A grant awarded under this subpart shall
be for a period of not more than 5 years, and may be extended
for an additional period of not more than 2 years.
‘‘(c) CONTINUED FUNDING.—Continued funding of a grant under
this subpart, including a grant extended under subsection (b), after
the third year of the initial grant period shall be contingent on
the eligible entity’s progress toward meeting—
‘‘(1) with respect to a grant for activities described in section
4624, the performance metrics described in section 4624(h);
and
‘‘(2) with respect to a grant for activities described in section
4625, annual performance objectives and outcomes under section 4625(a)(4)(C).
‘‘(d) MATCHING REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(1) PROMISE NEIGHBORHOOD ACTIVITIES.—
‘‘(A) MATCHING FUNDS.—Each eligible entity receiving
a grant under this subpart for activities described in section
4624 shall contribute matching funds in an amount equal
to not less than 100 percent of the amount of the grant.
Such matching funds shall come from Federal, State, local,
and private sources.
‘‘(B) PRIVATE SOURCES.—The Secretary shall require
that a portion of the matching funds come from private
sources, which may include in-kind contributions.
‘‘(C) ADJUSTMENT.—The Secretary may adjust the
matching funds requirement under this paragraph for
applicants that demonstrate high need, including
applicants from rural areas and applicants that wish to
provide services on tribal lands.
‘‘(D) FINANCIAL HARDSHIP WAIVER.—The Secretary may
waive or reduce, on a case-by-case basis, the matching
requirement under this paragraph, including the requirement for funds from private sources, for a period of 1
year at a time, if the eligible entity demonstrates significant
financial hardship.
‘‘(2) FULL-SERVICE COMMUNITY SCHOOLS ACTIVITIES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each eligible entity receiving a
grant under this subpart for activities described in section
4625 shall provide matching funds from non-Federal
sources, which may be provided in part with in-kind contributions.
‘‘(B) SPECIAL RULE.—The Bureau of Indian Education
may meet the requirement of subparagraph (A) using funds
from other Federal sources.
‘‘(3) SPECIAL RULES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may not require any
eligible entity receiving a grant under this subpart to provide matching funds in an amount that exceeds the amount
of the grant award.

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‘‘(B) CONSIDERATION.—Notwithstanding this subsection, the Secretary shall not consider the ability of an
eligible entity to match funds when determining which
applicants will receive grants under this subpart.
‘‘(e) RESERVATION FOR RURAL AREAS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From the amounts allocated under subsection (a) for grants to eligible entities, the Secretary shall
use not less than 15 percent of such amounts to award grants
to eligible entities that propose to carry out the activities
described in such subsection in rural areas.
‘‘(2) EXCEPTION.—The Secretary shall reduce the amount
described in paragraph (1) if the Secretary does not receive
a sufficient number of applications of sufficient quality.
‘‘(f) MINIMUM NUMBER OF GRANTS.—For each fiscal year, the
Secretary shall award under this subpart not fewer than 3 grants
for activities described in section 4624 and not fewer than 10
grants for activities described in section 4625, subject to the availability of appropriations, the requirements of subsection (a)(2), and
the number and quality of applications.

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20 USC 7274.

‘‘SEC. 4624. PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS.

‘‘(a) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.—An eligible entity desiring
a grant under this subpart for activities described in this section
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and
in such manner as the Secretary may require, including, at a
minimum, all of the following:
‘‘(1) A plan to significantly improve the academic outcomes
of children living in a neighborhood that is served by the
eligible entity—
‘‘(A) by providing pipeline services that address the
needs of children in the neighborhood, as identified by
the needs analysis described in paragraph (4); and
‘‘(B) that is supported by effective practices.
‘‘(2) A description of the neighborhood that the eligible
entity will serve.
‘‘(3) Measurable annual objectives and outcomes for the
grant, in accordance with the metrics described in subsection
(h), for each year of the grant.
‘‘(4) An analysis of the needs and assets of the neighborhood
identified in paragraph (1), including—
‘‘(A) the size and scope of the population affected;
‘‘(B) a description of the process through which the
needs analysis was produced, including a description of
how parents, families, and community members were
engaged in such analysis;
‘‘(C) an analysis of community assets and collaborative
efforts (including programs already provided from Federal
and non-Federal sources) within, or accessible to, the
neighborhood, including, at a minimum, early learning
opportunities, family and student supports, local
businesses, local educational agencies, and institutions of
higher education;
‘‘(D) the steps that the eligible entity is taking, at
the time of the application, to address the needs identified
in the needs analysis; and

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‘‘(E) any barriers the eligible entity, public agencies,
and other community-based organizations have faced in
meeting such needs.
‘‘(5) A description of—
‘‘(A) all information that the entity used to identify
the pipeline services to be provided, which shall not include
information that is more than 3 years old; and
‘‘(B) how the eligible entity will—
‘‘(i) collect data on children served by each pipeline
service; and
‘‘(ii) increase the percentage of children served over
time.
‘‘(6) A description of the process used to develop the application, including the involvement of family and community members.
‘‘(7) A description of how the pipeline services will facilitate
the coordination of the following activities:
‘‘(A) Providing early learning opportunities for children,
including by—
‘‘(i) providing opportunities for families to acquire
the skills to promote early learning and child development; and
‘‘(ii) ensuring appropriate diagnostic assessments
and referrals for children with disabilities and children
aged 3 through 9 experiencing developmental delays,
consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), where applicable.
‘‘(B) Supporting, enhancing, operating, or expanding
rigorous, comprehensive, effective educational improvements, which may include high-quality academic programs,
expanded learning time, and programs and activities to
prepare students for postsecondary education admissions
and success.
‘‘(C) Supporting partnerships between schools and
other community resources with an integrated focus on
academics and other social, health, and familial supports.
‘‘(D) Providing social, health, nutrition, and mental
health services and supports, for children, family members,
and community members, which may include services provided within the school building.
‘‘(E) Supporting evidence-based programs that assist
students through school transitions, which may include
expanding access to postsecondary education courses and
postsecondary education enrollment aid or guidance, and
other supports for at-risk youth.
‘‘(8) A description of the strategies that will be used to
provide pipeline services (including a description of which programs and services will be provided to children, family members, community members, and children within the neighborhood) to support the purpose described in section 4621(1).
‘‘(9) An explanation of the process the eligible entity will
use to establish and maintain family and community engagement, including—
‘‘(A) involving representative participation by the members of such neighborhood in the planning and implementation of the activities of each grant awarded under this
subpart for activities described in this section;

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‘‘(B) the provision of strategies and practices to assist
family and community members in actively supporting student achievement and child development;
‘‘(C) providing services for students, families, and
communities within the school building; and
‘‘(D) collaboration with institutions of higher education,
workforce development centers, and employers to align
expectations and programming with postsecondary education and workforce readiness,
‘‘(10) An explanation of how the eligible entity will continuously evaluate and improve the continuum of high-quality pipeline services to provide for continuous program improvement
and potential expansion.
‘‘(b) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants for activities described in
this section, the Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities
that will use funds under subsection (d) for evidence-based activities, which, for purposes of this subsection, is defined as activities
meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(c) MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING.—As eligible entity
shall, as part of the application described in subsection (a), submit
a preliminary memorandum of understanding, signed by each
partner entity or agency described in section 4622(1)(A)(3) (if
applicable) and detailing each partner’s financial, programmatic,
and long-term commitment with respect to the strategies described
in the application.
‘‘(d) USES OF FUNDS.—Each eligible entity that receives a grant
under this subpart to carry out a program of activities described
in this section shall use the grant funds to—
‘‘(1) support planning activities to develop and implement
pipeline services;
‘‘(2) implement the pipeline services; and
‘‘(3) continuously evaluate the success of the program and
improve the program based on data and outcomes.
‘‘(e) SPECIAL RULES.—
‘‘(1) FUNDS FOR PIPELINE SERVICES.—Each eligible entity
that receives a grant under this subpart for activities described
in this section shall, for the first year of the grant, use not
less than 50 percent of the grant funds, and, for the second
year of the grant, use not less than 25 percent of the grant
funds, to carry out the activities described in subsection (d)(1).
‘‘(2) OPERATIONAL FLEXIBILITY.—Each eligible entity that
operates a school in a neighborhood served by a grant program
under this subpart for activities described in this section shall
provide such school with the operational flexibility, including
autonomy over staff, time, and budget, needed to effectively
carry out the activities described in the application under subsection (a).
‘‘(3) LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD
EDUCATION PROGRAMS.—Funds provided under this subpart for
activities described in this section that are used to improve
early childhood education programs shall not be used to carry
out any of the following activities:
‘‘(A) Assessments that provide rewards or sanctions
for individual children or teachers.
‘‘(B) A single assessment that is used as the primary
or sole method for assessing program effectiveness.

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‘‘(C) Evaluating children, other than for the purposes
of improving instruction, classroom environment, professional development, or parent and family engagement, or
program improvement.
‘‘(f) REPORT.—Each eligible entity that receives a grant under
this subpart for activities described in this section shall prepare
and submit an annual report to the Secretary, which shall include—
‘‘(1) information about the number and percentage of children in the neighborhood who are served by the grant program,
including a description of the number and percentage of children accessing each support or service offered as part of the
pipeline services; and
‘‘(2) information relating to the performance metrics
described in subsection (h).
‘‘(g) PUBLICLY AVAILABLE DATA.—Each eligible entity that
receives a grant under this subpart for activities described in this
section shall make publicly available, including through electronic
means, the information described in subsection (f). To the extent
practicable, such information shall be provided in a form and language accessible to parents and families in the neighborhood served
under the grant, and such information shall be a part of statewide
longitudinal data systems.
‘‘(h) PERFORMANCE INDICATORS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish performance indicators under paragraph (2) and corresponding metrics
to be used for the purpose of reporting under paragraph (3)
and program evaluation under subsection (i).
‘‘(2) INDICATORS.—The performance indicators established
by the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall be indicators of
improved academic and developmental outcomes for children,
including indicators of school readiness, high school graduation,
postsecondary education and career readiness, and other academic and developmental outcomes, to promote—
‘‘(A) data-driven decision-making by eligible entities
receiving funds under this subpart; and
‘‘(B) access to a community-based continuum of highquality services for children living in the most distressed
communities of the United States, beginning at birth.
‘‘(3) REPORTING.—Each eligible entity that receives a grant
under this subpart for activities described in this section shall
annually collect and report to the Secretary data on the
performance indicators described in paragraph (2) for use by
the Secretary in making a determination concerning continuation funding and grant extension under section 4623(b) for
each eligible entity.
‘‘(i) EVALUATION.—The Secretary shall reserve not more than
5 percent of the funds made available under section 4601(b)(2)(A)
to provide technical assistance and evaluate the implementation
and impact of the activities funded under this section, in accordance
with section 8601.

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‘‘SEC. 4625. FULL-SERVICE COMMUNITY SCHOOLS.

20 USC 7275.

‘‘(a) APPLICATION.—An eligible entity that desires a grant under
this subpart for activities described in this section shall submit
an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner
as the Secretary may require. The Secretary shall require that
each such application include the following:

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‘‘(1) A description of the eligible entity.
‘‘(2) A memorandum of understanding among all partner
entities in the eligible entity that will assist the eligible entity
to coordinate and provide pipeline services and that describes
the roles the partner entities will assume.
‘‘(3) A description of the capacity of the eligible entity
to coordinate and provide pipeline services at 2 or more fullservice community schools.
‘‘(4) A comprehensive plan that includes descriptions of
the following:
‘‘(A) The student, family, and school community to
be served, including demographic information.
‘‘(B) A needs assessment that identifies the academic,
physical, nonacademic, health, mental health, and other
needs of students, families, and community residents.
‘‘(C) Annual measurable performance objectives and
outcomes, including an increase in the number and percentage of families and students targeted for services each
year of the program, in order to ensure that children are—
‘‘(i) prepared for kindergarten;
‘‘(ii) achieving academically; and
‘‘(iii) safe, healthy, and supported by engaged parents.
‘‘(D) Pipeline services, including existing and additional
pipeline services, to be coordinated and provided by the
eligible entity and its partner entities, including an explanation of—
‘‘(i) why such services have been selected;
‘‘(ii) how such services will improve student academic achievement; and
‘‘(iii) how such services will address the annual
measurable performance objectives and outcomes
established under subparagraph (C).
‘‘(E) Plans to ensure that each full-service community
school site has a full-time coordinator of pipeline services
at such school, including a description of the applicable
funding sources, plans for professional development for the
personnel managing, coordinating, or delivering pipeline
services, and plans for joint utilization and management
of school facilities.
‘‘(F) Plans for annual evaluation based upon attainment of the performance objectives and outcomes described
in subparagraph (C).
‘‘(G) Plans for sustaining the programs and services
described in this subsection after the grant period.
‘‘(5) An assurance that the eligible entity and its partner
entities will focus services on schools eligible for a schoolwide
program under section 1114(b).
‘‘(b) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this subpart for
activities described in this section, the Secretary shall give priority
to eligible entities that—
‘‘(1)(A) will serve a minimum of 2 or more full-service
community schools eligible for a schoolwide program under
section 1114(b), as part of a community- or district-wide
strategy; or
‘‘(B) include a local educational agency that satisfies the
requirements of—

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‘‘(i) subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of section 5211(b)(1);

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or
‘‘(ii) subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 5221(b)(1);
‘‘(2) are consortiums comprised of a broad representation
of stakeholders or consortiums demonstrating a history of
effectiveness; and
‘‘(3) will use funds for evidence-based activities described
in subsection (e), defined for purposes of this paragraph as
activities meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(c) PLANNING.—The Secretary may authorize an eligible entity
receiving a grant under this subpart for activities described in
this section to use not more than 10 percent of the total amount
of grant funds for planning purposes during the first year of the
grant.
‘‘(d) MINIMUM AMOUNT.—The Secretary may not award a grant
under this subpart for activities described in this section to an
eligible entity in an amount that is less than $75,000 for each
year of the grant period, subject to the availability of appropriations.
‘‘(e) USE OF FUNDS.—Grants awarded under this subpart for
activities described in this section shall be used to—
‘‘(1) coordinate not less than 3 existing pipeline services,
as of the date of the grant award, and provide not less than
2 additional pipeline services, at 2 or more public elementary
schools or secondary schools;
‘‘(2) to the extent practicable, integrate multiple pipeline
services into a comprehensive, coordinated continuum to
achieve the annual measurable performance objectives and outcomes under subsection (a)(4)(C) to meet the holistic needs
of children; and
‘‘(3) if applicable, coordinate and integrate services provided
by community-based organizations and government agencies
with services provided by specialized instructional support personnel.
‘‘(f) EVALUATIONS BY THE INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION SCIENCES.—
The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall conduct evaluations of the effectiveness of
grants under this subpart for activities described in this section
in achieving the purpose described in section 4621(2).
‘‘(g) EVALUATIONS BY GRANTEES.—The Secretary shall require
each eligible entity receiving a grant under this subpart for activities described in this section to—
‘‘(1) conduct annual evaluations of the progress achieved
with the grant toward the purpose described in section 4621(2);
‘‘(2) use such evaluations to refine and improve activities
carried out through the grant and the annual measurable
performance objectives and outcomes under subsection (a)(4)(C);
and
‘‘(3) make the results of such evaluations publicly available,
including by providing public notice of such availability.
‘‘(h) CONSTRUCTION CLAUSE.—Nothing in this section shall be
construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and
procedures afforded school or local educational agency employees
under Federal, State, or local laws (including applicable regulations
or court orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other agreements between
such employees and their employers.

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‘‘(i) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Funds made available to
an eligible entity through a grant under this subpart for activities
described in this section may be used only to supplement, and
not supplant, any other Federal, State, or local funds that would
otherwise be available to carry out the activities assisted under
this section.

‘‘Subpart 3—National Activities for School Safety

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20 USC 7281.

‘‘SEC. 4631. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR SCHOOL SAFETY.

‘‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From the funds reserved under section
4601(b)(1), the Secretary—
‘‘(A) shall use a portion of such funds for the Project
School Emergency Response to Violence program (in this
section referred to as ‘Project SERV’), in order to provide
education-related services to eligible entities; and
‘‘(B) may use a portion of such funds to carry out
other activities to improve students’ safety and well-being,
during and after the school day, under this section directly
or through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements
with public or private entities or individuals, or other Federal agencies, such as providing technical assistance to
States and local educational agencies carrying out activities
under this section or conducting a national evaluation.
‘‘(2) AVAILABILITY.—Amounts reserved under section
4601(b)(1) for Project SERV are authorized to remain available
until expended for Project SERV.
‘‘(b) PROJECT SERV.—
‘‘(1) ADDITIONAL USE OF FUNDS.—Funds made available
under subsection (a) for extended services grants under Project
SERV may be used by an eligible entity to initiate or strengthen
violence prevention activities as part of the activities designed
to restore the learning environment that was disrupted by
the violent or traumatic crisis in response to which the grant
was awarded.
‘‘(2) APPLICATION PROCESS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity desiring to use
a portion of extended services grant funds under Project
SERV to initiate or strengthen a violence prevention
activity shall—
‘‘(i) submit, in an application that meets all
requirements of the Secretary for Project SERV, the
information described in subparagraph (B); or
‘‘(ii) in the case of an eligible entity that has
already received an extended services grant under
Project SERV, submit an addition to the original
application that includes the information described in
subparagraph (B).
‘‘(B) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.—An application, or
addition to an application, for an extended services grant
pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
‘‘(i) A demonstration of the need for funds due
to a continued disruption or a substantial risk of
disruption to the learning environment.

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‘‘(ii) An explanation of the proposed activities that
are designed to restore and preserve the learning
environment.
‘‘(iii) A budget and budget narrative for the proposed activities.
‘‘(3) AWARD BASIS.—Any award of funds under Project
SERV for violence prevention activities under this section shall
be subject to the discretion of the Secretary and the availability
of funds.
‘‘(4) PROHIBITED USE.—No funds provided to an eligible
entity for violence prevention activities may be used for
construction, renovation, or repair of a facility or for the permanent infrastructure of the eligible entity.
‘‘(c) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—In this section, the term
‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(1) a local educational agency, as defined in subparagraph
(A), (B), or (C) of section 8101(30), or institution of higher
education in which the learning environment has been disrupted due to a violent or traumatic crisis; or
‘‘(2) the Bureau of Indian Education in a case where the
learning environment of a school operated or funded by the
Bureau, including a school meeting the definition of a local
educational agency under section 8101(30)(C), has been disrupted due to a violent or traumatic crisis.

‘‘Subpart 4—Academic Enrichment
‘‘SEC. 4641. AWARDS FOR ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT.

20 USC 7291.

‘‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—From funds reserved under section
4601(b)(2)(C), the Secretary shall award grants, contracts, or
cooperative agreements, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities
for the purposes of enriching the academic experience of students
by promoting—
‘‘(1) arts education for disadvantaged students and students
who are children with disabilities, as described in section 4642;
‘‘(2) school readiness through the development and dissemination of accessible instructional programming for preschool
and elementary school children and their families, as described
in section 4643; and
‘‘(3) support for high-ability learners and high-ability
learning, as described in section 4644.
‘‘(b) ANNUAL AWARDS.—The Secretary shall annually make
awards to fulfill each of the purposes described in paragraphs
(1) through (3) of subsection (a).

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‘‘SEC. 4642. ASSISTANCE FOR ARTS EDUCATION.

20 USC 7292.

‘‘(a) AWARDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR ARTS EDUCATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Awards made to eligible entities to fulfill
the purpose described in section 4641(a)(1), shall be used for
a program (to be known as the ‘Assistance for Arts Education
program’) to promote arts education for students, including
disadvantaged students and students who are children with
disabilities, through activities such as—
‘‘(A) professional development for arts educators,
teachers, and principals;
‘‘(B) development and dissemination of accessible
instructional materials and arts-based educational

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programming, including online resources, in multiple arts
disciplines; and
‘‘(C) community and national outreach activities that
strengthen and expand partnerships among schools, local
educational agencies, communities, or centers for the arts,
including national centers for the arts.
‘‘(b) CONDITIONS.—As conditions of receiving assistance made
available under this section, the Secretary shall require each eligible
entity receiving such assistance—
‘‘(1) to coordinate, to the extent practicable, each project
or program carried out with such assistance with appropriate
activities of public or private cultural agencies, institutions,
and organizations, including museums, arts education associations, libraries, and theaters; and
‘‘(2) to use such assistance only to supplement, and not
to supplant, any other assistance or funds made available from
non-Federal sources for the activities assisted under this subpart.
‘‘(c) CONSULTATION.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary
shall consult with Federal agencies or institutions, arts educators
(including professional arts education associations), and organizations representing the arts (including State and local arts agencies
involved in arts education).
‘‘(d) PRIORITY.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that are eligible national
nonprofit organizations.
‘‘(e) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘eligible entity’ means—
‘‘(A) a local educational agency in which 20 percent
or more of the students served by the local educational
agency are from families with an income below the poverty
line;
‘‘(B) a consortium of such local educational agencies;
‘‘(C) a State educational agency;
‘‘(D) an institution of higher education;
‘‘(E) a museum or cultural institution;
‘‘(F) the Bureau of Indian Education;
‘‘(G) an eligible national nonprofit organization; or
‘‘(H) another private agency, institution, or organization.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE NATIONAL NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION.—The
term ‘eligible national nonprofit organization’ means an
organization of national scope that—
‘‘(A) is supported by staff, which may include volunteers, or affiliates at the State and local levels; and
‘‘(B) demonstrates effectiveness or high-quality plans
for addressing arts education activities for disadvantaged
students or students who are children with disabilities.
20 USC 7293.

‘‘SEC. 4643. READY TO LEARN PROGRAMMING.

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‘‘(a) AWARDS TO PROMOTE SCHOOL READINESS THROUGH READY
LEARN PROGRAMMING.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Awards made to eligible entities
described in paragraph (3) to fulfill the purpose described in
section 4641(a)(2) shall—
‘‘(A) be known as ‘Ready to Learn Programming
awards’; and

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‘‘(B) be used to—
‘‘(i) develop, produce, and distribute accessible educational and instructional video programming for preschool and elementary school children and their parents in order to facilitate student academic achievement;
‘‘(ii) facilitate the development, directly or through
contracts with producers of children’s and family educational television programming, of educational
programming for preschool and elementary school children, and the accompanying support materials and
services that promote the effective use of such programming;
‘‘(iii) facilitate the development of programming
and digital content containing Ready-to-Learn
programming and resources for parents and caregivers
that is specially designed for nationwide distribution
over public television stations’ digital broadcasting
channels and the Internet;
‘‘(iv) contract with entities (such as public telecommunications entities) so that programming developed under this section is disseminated and distributed
to the widest possible audience appropriate to be served
by the programming, and through the use of the most
appropriate distribution technologies; and
‘‘(v) develop and disseminate education and
training materials, including interactive programs and
programs adaptable to distance learning technologies,
that are designed—
‘‘(I) to promote school readiness; and
‘‘(II) to promote the effective use of materials
developed under clauses (ii) and (iii) among parents, family members, teachers, principals and
other school leaders, Head Start providers, providers of family literacy services, child care providers, early childhood educators, elementary
school teachers, public libraries, and after-school
program personnel caring for preschool and
elementary school children.
‘‘(2) AVAILABILITY.—In awarding or entering into grants,
contracts, or cooperative agreements under this section, the
Secretary shall ensure that eligible entities described in paragraph (3) make programming widely available, with support
materials as appropriate, to young children, parents, child care
workers, Head Start providers, and providers of family literacy
services to increase the effective use of such programming.
‘‘(3) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—To be eligible to receive a grant,
contract, or cooperative agreement under this section, an entity
shall be a public telecommunications entity that is able to
demonstrate each of the following:
‘‘(A) A capacity for the development and national distribution of educational and instructional television
programming of high quality that is accessible by a large
majority of disadvantaged preschool and elementary school
children.

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‘‘(B) A capacity to contract with the producers of children’s television programming for the purpose of developing
educational television programming of high quality.
‘‘(C) A capacity, consistent with the entity’s mission
and nonprofit nature, to negotiate such contracts in a
manner that returns to the entity an appropriate share
of any ancillary income from sales of any program-related
products.
‘‘(D) A capacity to localize programming and materials
to meet specific State and local needs and to provide educational outreach at the local level.
‘‘(4) COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES.—An entity receiving a
grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section
shall consult with the Secretary and the Secretary of Health
and Human Services—
‘‘(A) to maximize the use of high-quality educational
programming by preschool and elementary school children,
and make such programming widely available to Federally
funded programs serving such populations; and
‘‘(B) to coordinate activities with Federal programs that
have major training components for early childhood
development, including programs under the Head Start
Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.) and State training activities
funded under the Child Care and Development Block Grant
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.), regarding the availability and utilization of materials developed under paragraph (1)(B)(v) to enhance parent and child care provider
skills in early childhood development and education.
‘‘(b) APPLICATIONS.—To be eligible to receive a grant, contract,
or cooperative agreement under subsection (a), an entity shall
submit to the Secretary an application at such time and in such
manner as the Secretary may reasonably require. The application
shall include—
‘‘(1) a description of the activities to be carried out under
this section;
‘‘(2) a list of the types of entities with which such entity
will enter into contracts under subsection (a)(1)(B)(iv);
‘‘(3) a description of the activities the entity will undertake
widely to disseminate the content developed under this section;
and
‘‘(4) a description of how the entity will comply with subsection (a)(2).
‘‘(c) REPORTS AND EVALUATIONS.—
‘‘(1) ANNUAL REPORT TO SECRETARY.—An entity receiving
a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section
shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report.
The report shall describe the program activities undertaken
with funds received under the grant, contract, or cooperative
agreement, including each of the following:
‘‘(A) The programming that has been developed,
directly or indirectly, by the eligible entity, and the target
population of the programming.
‘‘(B) The support and training materials that have
been developed to accompany the programming, and the
method by which the materials are distributed to consumers and users of the programming.

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‘‘(C) The means by which programming developed
under this section has been distributed, including the distance learning technologies that have been utilized to make
programming available, and the geographic distribution
achieved through such technologies.
‘‘(D) The initiatives undertaken by the entity to develop
public-private partnerships to secure non-Federal support
for the development, distribution, and broadcast of educational and instructional programming.
‘‘(2) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary shall prepare
and submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor,
and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education
and the Workforce of the House of Representatives a biannual
report that includes the following:
‘‘(A) A summary of the activities assisted under subsection (a).
‘‘(B) A description of the education and training materials made available under subsection (a)(1)(B)(v), the
manner in which outreach has been conducted to inform
parents and child care providers of the availability of such
materials, and the manner in which such materials have
been distributed in accordance with such subsection.
‘‘(d) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—An entity that receives a grant,
contract, or cooperative agreement under this section may use up
to 5 percent of the amount received under the grant, contract,
or agreement for the normal and customary expenses of administering the grant, contract, or agreement.
‘‘(e) FUNDING RULE.—Not less than 60 percent of the amount
used by the Secretary to carry out this section for each fiscal
year shall be used to carry out activities under clauses (ii) through
(iv) of subsection (a)(1)(B).

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‘‘SEC. 4644. SUPPORTING HIGH-ABILITY LEARNERS AND LEARNING.

20 USC 7294.

‘‘(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is to promote and
initiate a coordinated program, to be known as the ‘Jacob K. Javits
Gifted and Talented Students Education Program’, of evidencebased research, demonstration projects, innovative strategies, and
similar activities designed to build and enhance the ability of
elementary schools and secondary schools nationwide to identify
gifted and talented students and meet their special educational
needs.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary (after consultation with
experts in the field of the education of gifted and talented
students) shall make awards to, or enter into contracts with,
State educational agencies, local educational agencies, the
Bureau of Indian Education, institutions of higher education,
other public agencies, and other private agencies and organizations to assist such agencies, institutions, or organizations,
or the Bureau, in carrying out programs or projects to fulfill
the purpose described in section 4641(a)(3), including the
training of personnel in the identification and education of
gifted and talented students and in the use, where appropriate,
of gifted and talented services, materials, and methods for
all students.
‘‘(2) APPLICATION.—Each entity seeking assistance under
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at

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such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably
require. Each application shall describe how—
‘‘(A) the proposed identification methods, as well as
gifted and talented services, materials, and methods, can
be adapted, if appropriate, for use by all students; and
‘‘(B) the proposed programs can be evaluated.
‘‘(c) USES OF FUNDS.—Programs and projects assisted under
this section may include any of the following:
‘‘(1) Conducting evidence-based research on methods and
techniques for identifying and teaching gifted and talented
students and for using gifted and talented programs and
methods to identify and provide the opportunity for all students
to be served, particularly low-income and at-risk students.
‘‘(2) Establishing and operating programs and projects for
identifying and serving gifted and talented students, including
innovative methods and strategies (such as summer programs,
mentoring programs, peer tutoring programs, service learning
programs, and cooperative learning programs involving business, industry and education) for identifying and educating
students who may not be served by traditional gifted and
talented programs.
‘‘(3) Providing technical assistance and disseminating
information, which may include how gifted and talented programs and methods may be adapted for use by all students,
particularly low-income and at-risk students.
‘‘(d) CENTER FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary (after consultation with
experts in the field of the education of gifted and talented
students) shall establish a National Research Center for the
Education of Gifted and Talented Children and Youth through
grants to, or contracts with, one or more institutions of higher
education or State educational agencies, or a combination or
consortium of such institutions and agencies and other public
or private agencies and organizations, for the purpose of carrying out activities described in subsection (c).
‘‘(2) DIRECTOR.—The National Center shall be headed by
a Director. The Secretary may authorize the Director to carry
out such functions of the National Center as may be agreed
upon through arrangements with institutions of higher education, State educational agencies, local educational agencies,
or other public or private agencies and organizations.
‘‘(e) COORDINATION.—Evidence-based activities supported under
this section—
‘‘(1) shall be carried out in consultation with the Institute
of Education Sciences to ensure that such activities are coordinated with and enhance the research and development activities
supported by the Institute; and
‘‘(2) may include collaborative evidence-based activities that
are jointly funded and carried out with such Institute.
‘‘(f) GENERAL PRIORITY.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall give highest priority to programs and projects designed
to—
‘‘(1) develop new information that—
‘‘(A) improves the capability of schools to plan, conduct,
and improve programs to identify and serve gifted and
talented students; or

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‘‘(B) assists schools in the identification of, and provision of services to, gifted and talented students (including
economically disadvantaged individuals, individuals who
are English learners, and children with disabilities) who
may not be identified and served through traditional
assessment methods; or
‘‘(2) implement evidence-based activities, defined in this
paragraph as activities meeting the requirements of section
8101(21)(A)(i).
‘‘(g) PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND
TEACHERS.—In making grants and entering into contracts under
this section, the Secretary shall ensure, where appropriate, that
provision is made for the equitable participation of students and
teachers in private nonprofit elementary schools and secondary
schools, including the participation of teachers and other personnel
in professional development programs serving such students.
‘‘(h) REVIEW, DISSEMINATION, AND EVALUATION.—The Secretary
shall—
‘‘(1) use a peer-review process in reviewing applications
under this section;
‘‘(2) ensure that information on the activities and results
of programs and projects funded under this section is disseminated to appropriate State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and other appropriate organizations,
including private nonprofit organizations; and
‘‘(3) evaluate the effectiveness of programs under this section in accordance with section 8601, in terms of the impact
on students traditionally served in separate gifted and talented
programs and on other students, and submit the results of
such evaluation to Congress not later than 2 years after the
date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(i) PROGRAM OPERATIONS.—The Secretary shall ensure that
the programs under this section are administered within the
Department by a person who has recognized professional qualifications and experience in the field of the education of gifted and
talented students and who shall—
‘‘(1) administer and coordinate the programs authorized
under this section;
‘‘(2) serve as a focal point of national leadership and
information on the educational needs of gifted and talented
students and the availability of educational services and programs designed to meet such needs;
‘‘(3) assist the Director of the Institute of Education
Sciences in identifying research priorities that reflect the needs
of gifted and talented students; and
‘‘(4) disseminate, and consult on, the information developed
under this section with other offices within the Department.’’.

TITLE V—STATE INNOVATION AND
LOCAL FLEXIBILITY

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SEC. 5001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

(a) TITLE VI REDESIGNATIONS.—Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7301 et
seq.) is redesignated as title V and further amended—
(1) by redesignating sections 6121 through 6123 as sections
5101 through 5103, respectively;

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129 STAT. 2040
20 USC 7341,
7341a.
20 USC 7345,
7345a, 7345b.
20 USC 7351,
7351a–7351c.
20 USC 7355,
7355a–7355c.

20 USC 7301,
7301a, 7301b,
7311, 7311a,
7311b, 7315,
7315a–7315c,
7321,
7321a–7321e,
7325,
7325a–7325c.
20 USC 7355.
20 USC 7351,
7351c.
20 USC 7351.

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20 USC 7305a.

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(2) by redesignating sections 6201 and 6202 as sections
5201 and 5202, respectively;
(3) by redesignating sections 6211 through 6213 as sections
5211 through 5213, respectively;
(4) by redesignating sections 6221 through 6224 as sections
5221 through 5224, respectively; and
(5) by redesignating sections 6231 through 6234 as sections
5231 through 5234, respectively.
(b) STRUCTURAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Title V (as
redesignated by subsection (a) of this section) is further amended—
(1) in part A, by striking subparts 1, 3, and 4;
(2) by striking ‘‘section 6212’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 5212’’;
(3) by striking ‘‘section 6223’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 5223’’; and
(4) by striking ‘‘section 6234’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 5234’’.
SEC. 5002. FUNDING TRANSFERABILITY FOR STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

Part A of title V, as redesignated and amended by section
5001 of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in the part heading, by striking ‘‘IMPROVING ACADEMIC
ACHIEVEMENT’’ and inserting ‘‘FUNDING TRANSFERABILITY FOR
STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘Subpart 2—Funding Transferability
for State and Local Educational Agencies’’;
(3) by striking ‘‘subpart’’ each place it appears and inserting
‘‘part’’;
(4) by amending section 5102 to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 5102. PURPOSE.

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‘‘The purpose of this part is to allow States and local educational
agencies the flexibility to target Federal funds to the programs
and activities that most effectively address the unique needs of
States and localities.’’;
(5) in section 5103—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) in paragraph (1)—
(I) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A),
by striking ‘‘not more than 50 percent of the nonadministrative State funds’’ and inserting ‘‘all, or
any lesser amount, of State funds’’; and
(II) by striking subparagraphs (A) through (D)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) Part A of title II.
‘‘(B) Part A of title IV.
‘‘(C) Section 4202(c)(3).’’; and
(ii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the
following;
‘‘(2) ADDITIONAL FUNDS.—In accordance with this part, a
State may transfer any funds allotted to the State under a
provision listed in paragraph (1) for a fiscal year to its allotment
under any other of the following provisions:
‘‘(A) Part A of title I.
‘‘(B) Part C of title I.
‘‘(C) Part D of title I.
‘‘(D) Part A of title III.

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‘‘(E) Part B.’’.
(B) in subsection (b)—
(i) in paragraph (1)—
(I) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘(except’’
and all that follows through ‘‘subparagraph (C))’’
and inserting ‘‘may transfer all, or any lesser
amount, of the funds allocated to it’’;
(II) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and
inserting:
‘‘(B) ADDITIONAL FUNDS.—In accordance with this part,
a local educational agency may transfer any funds allotted
to such agency under a provision listed in paragraph (2)
for a fiscal year to its allotment under any other of the
following provisions:
‘‘(i) Part A of title I.
‘‘(ii) Part C of title I.
‘‘(iii) Part D of title I.
‘‘(iv) Part A of title III.
‘‘(v) Part B.’’;
(ii) in paragraph (2)—
(I) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A),
by striking ‘‘subparagraph (A), (B), or (C)’’ and
inserting ‘‘subparagraph (A) or (B)’’; and
(II) by striking subparagraphs (A) through (D)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) Part A of title II.
‘‘(B) Part A of title IV.’’;
(C) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) NO TRANSFER OF CERTAIN FUNDING.—A State or local educational agency may not transfer under this part to any other
program any funds allotted or allocated to it for the following
provisions:
‘‘(1) Part A of title I.
‘‘(2) Part C of title I.
‘‘(3) Part D of title I.
‘‘(4) Part A of title III.
‘‘(5) Part B.’’; and
(D) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ‘‘section 9501’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 8501’’.

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SEC. 5003. RURAL EDUCATION INITIATIVE.

Part B of title V, as redesignated and amended by section
5001 of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in section 5211—
(A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A)
through (E) and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) Part A of title I.
‘‘(B) Part A of title II.
‘‘(C) Title III.
‘‘(D) Part A or B of title IV.’’;
(B) in subsection (b)(1)—
(i) in subparagraph (A)(ii)—
(I) by striking ‘‘school’’ before ‘‘locale code’’;
and

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(II) by striking ‘‘7 or 8, as determined by the
Secretary; or’’ and inserting ‘‘41, 42, or 43, as
determined by the Secretary;’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period
at the end and inserting ‘‘; or’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(C) the local educational agency is a member of an
educational service agency that does not receive funds
under this subpart and the local educational agency meets
the requirements of this part.’’; and
(C) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) through
(3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) Part A of title II.
‘‘(2) Part A of title IV.’’;
(2) in section 5212—
(A) in subsection (a), by striking paragraphs (1)
through (5) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) Part A of title I.
‘‘(2) Part A of title II.
‘‘(3) Title III.
‘‘(4) Part A or B of title IV.’’;
(B) in subsection (b)—
(i) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(1) ALLOCATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraphs
(3) and (4), the Secretary shall award a grant under subsection (a) to a local educational agency eligible under
section 5211(b) for a fiscal year in an amount equal to
the initial amount determined under paragraph (2) for
the fiscal year minus the total amount received by the
agency under the provisions of law described in section
5211(c) for the preceding fiscal year.
‘‘(B) SPECIAL DETERMINATION.—For a local educational
agency that is eligible under section 5211(b)(1)(C) and is
a member of an educational service agency, the Secretary
may determine the award amount by subtracting from
the initial amount determined under paragraph (2), an
amount that is equal to that local educational agency’s
per-pupil share of the total amount received by the educational service agency under the provisions described in
section 5211(c), as long as a determination under this
subparagraph would not disproportionately affect any
State.’’;
(ii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(2) DETERMINATION OF INITIAL AMOUNT.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The initial amount referred to in
paragraph (1) is equal to $100 multiplied by the total
number of students in excess of 50 students, in average
daily attendance at the schools served by the local educational agency, plus $20,000, except that the initial
amount may not exceed $60,000.
‘‘(B) SPECIAL RULE.—For any fiscal year for which the
amount made available to carry out this part is
$265,000,000 or more, subparagraph (A) shall be applied—
‘‘(i) by substituting ‘$25,000’ for ‘$20,000’; and

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‘‘(ii) by substituting ‘$80,000’ for ‘$60,000’.’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4) HOLD HARMLESS.—For a local educational agency that
is not eligible under this subpart due to amendments made
by the Every Student Succeeds Act to section 5211(b)(1)(A)(ii)
but met the eligibility requirements under section 6211(b) as
such section was in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, the agency shall
receive—
‘‘(A) for fiscal year 2017, 75 percent of the amount
such agency received for fiscal year 2015;
‘‘(B) for fiscal year 2018, 50 percent of the amount
such agency received for fiscal year 2015; and
‘‘(C) for fiscal year 2019, 25 percent of the amount
such agency received for fiscal year 2015.’’; and
(C) by striking subsection (d);
(3) by striking section 5213;
(4) in section 5221—
(A) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘section 6222(a)’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 5222(a)’’;
(B) in subsection (b)—
(i) in paragraph (1)—
(I) by striking ‘‘(A) 20 percent’’ and inserting
‘‘(A)(i) 20 percent’’;
(II) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as
clause (ii);
(III) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by subclause (II))—
(aa) by striking ‘‘school’’ before ‘‘locale
code’’;
(bb) by striking ‘‘6, 7, or 8’’ and inserting
‘‘32, 33, 41, 42, or 43’’; and
(cc) by striking the period at the end and
inserting ‘‘; or’’; and
(IV) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(B) the agency meets the criteria established in clause
(i) of subparagraph (A) and the Secretary, in accordance
with paragraph (2), grants the local educational agency’s
request to waive the criteria described in clause (ii) of
such subparagraph.’’;
(ii) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph
(3); and
(iii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) CERTIFICATION.—The Secretary shall determine
whether to waive the criteria described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii)
based on a demonstration by the local educational agency,
and concurrence by the State educational agency, that the
local educational agency is located in an area defined as rural
by a governmental agency of the State.’’;
(C) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian
Affairs’’ and inserting ‘‘Bureau of Indian Education’’;
(5) in section 5222(a), by striking paragraphs (1) through
(7) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) Activities authorized under part A of title I.
‘‘(2) Activities authorized under part A of title II.
‘‘(3) Activities authorized under title III.
‘‘(4) Activities authorized under part A of title IV.

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20 USC 7345b.
20 USC 7351.

20 USC 7351a.

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20 USC 7351c.

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20 USC 7351d.

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

‘‘(5) Parental involvement activities.’’;
(6) in section 5223—
(A) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘at such time, in
such manner, and accompanied by such information’’ and
inserting ‘‘at such time and in such manner’’; and
(B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) CONTENTS.—Each application submitted under subsection
(a) shall include information on—
‘‘(1) program objectives and outcomes for activities under
this subpart, including how the State educational agency or
specially qualified agency will use funds to help all students
meet the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(2) if the State educational agency will competitively
award grants to eligible local educational agencies, as described
in section 5221(b)(3)(A), the application under the section shall
include—
‘‘(A) the methods and criteria the State educational
agency will use to review applications and award funds
to local educational agencies on a competitive basis; and
‘‘(B) how the State educational agency will notify
eligible local educational agencies of the grant competition;
and
‘‘(3) a description of how the State educational agency
will provide technical assistance to eligible local educational
agencies to help such agencies implement the activities
described in section 5222.’’;
(7) in section 5224—
(A) by striking the section heading and all that follows
through ‘‘Each’’ and inserting the following: ‘‘REPORT.—
Each’’;
(B) by striking subsections (b) through (e);
(C) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting
‘‘or specially qualified agency’’ after ‘‘Each State educational
agency’’;
(D) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) if the report is submitted by a State educational agency,
the method the State educational agency used to award grants
to eligible local educational agencies, and to provide assistance
to schools, under this subpart;’’; and
(E) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) the degree to which progress has been made toward
meeting the objectives and outcomes described in the application submitted under section 5223, including having all students in the State or the area served by the specially qualified
agency, as applicable, meet the challenging State academic
standards.’’;
(8) by inserting after section 5224 the following:
‘‘SEC. 5225. CHOICE OF PARTICIPATION.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—If a local educational agency is eligible for
funding under both this subpart and subpart 1, such local educational agency may receive funds under either this subpart or
subpart 1 for a fiscal year, but may not receive funds under both
subparts for such fiscal year.

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‘‘(b) NOTIFICATION.—A local educational agency eligible for
funding under both this subpart and subpart 1 shall notify the
Secretary and the State educational agency under which of such
subparts the local educational agency intends to receive funds for
a fiscal year by a date that is established by the Secretary for
the notification.’’; and
(9) in section 5234, by striking ‘‘$300,000,000 for fiscal
year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary for each of
the 5 succeeding fiscal years,’’ and inserting ‘‘$169,840,000 for
each of the fiscal years 2017 through 2020,’’.

20 USC 7355c.

SEC. 5004. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

Part C of title V, as redesignated by section 5001 of this
Act, is amended to read as follows:

‘‘PART C—GENERAL PROVISIONS
‘‘SEC. 5301. PROHIBITION AGAINST FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION,
OR CONTROL.

20 USC 7371.

‘‘Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize an officer
or employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or
control a State, local educational agency, or school’s specific instructional content, academic standards and assessments, curriculum,
or program of instruction, as a condition of eligibility to receive
funds under this Act.
‘‘SEC. 5302. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION ON EQUALIZED SPENDING.

20 USC 7372.

‘‘Nothing in this title shall be construed to mandate equalized
spending per pupil for a State, local educational agency, or school.’’.

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SEC. 5005. REVIEW RELATING TO RURAL LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

20 USC 7341a
note.

(a) REVIEW AND REPORT.—Not later than 18 months after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall—
(1) review the organization, structure, and process and
procedures of the Department of Education for administering
its programs and developing policy and regulations, in order
to—
(A) assess the methods and manner through which,
and the extent to which, the Department of Education
takes into account, considers input from, and addresses
the unique needs and characteristics of rural schools and
rural local educational agencies; and
(B) determine actions that the Department of Education can take to meaningfully increase the consideration
and participation of rural schools and rural local educational agencies in the development and execution of the
processes, procedures, policies, and regulations of the
Department of Education;
(2) make public a preliminary report containing the
information described in paragraph (1) and provide Congress
and the public with 60 days to comment on the proposed
actions described in paragraph (1)(B); and
(3) issue a final report to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, and the Committee
on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, which shall describe the final actions developed pursuant

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to paragraph (1)(B) after taking into account the comments
submitted under paragraph (2).
(b) IMPLEMENTATION.—Not later than 2 years after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall—
(1) carry out each action described in the report under
subsection (a)(3); or
(2) in a case in which an action is not carried out, provide
a written explanation to the Committee on Health, Education,
Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives of
why the action was not carried out.

TITLE VI—INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN,
AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION
SEC. 6001. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

20 USC 7401,
7402, 7421–7429,
7441, 7442,
7451–7456,
7471–7474, 7491,
7492, 7511–7517,
7541–7546.

20 USC 7422.
20 USC 7423.

20 USC 7424.

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20 USC 7425.

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(a) REDESIGNATION OF TITLE.—Title VII (20 U.S.C. 7401 et
seq.) is redesignated as title VI.
(b) REDESIGNATIONS AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—The Act
(20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended—
(1) by redesignating sections 7101, 7102, 7111, 7112, 7113,
7114, 7115, 7116, 7117, 7118, 7119, 7121, 7122, 7131, 7132,
7133, 7134, 7135, 7136, 7141, 7142, 7143, 7144, 7151, 7152,
7201, 7202, 7203, 7204, 7205, 7206, 7207, 7301, 7302, 7303,
7304, 7305, and 7306, as sections 6101, 6102, 6111, 6112,
6113, 6114, 6115, 6116, 6117, 6118, 6119, 6121, 6122, 6131,
6132, 6133, 6134, 6135, 6136, 6141, 6142, 6143, 6144, 6151,
6152, 6201, 6202, 6203, 6204, 6205, 6206, 6207, 6301, 6302,
6303, 6304, 6305, and 6306, respectively;
(2) in section 6112 (as so redesignated), in subsection (b)(1),
by striking ‘‘section 7117’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6117’’;
(3) in section 6113 (as so redesignated)—
(A) in subsection (a)(1)(A), is amended by striking ‘‘section 7117’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6117’’;
(B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ‘‘section 7112’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6112’’;
(C) in subsection (d)(2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘section 7114’’ the first place it
appears and inserting ‘‘section 6114’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘section 7114(c)(4), section 7118(c),
or section 7119’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6114(c)(4), section 6118(c), or section 6119’’; and
(D) in subsection (e), by striking ‘‘section 7152(a)’’ and
inserting ‘‘6152(a)’’;
(4) in section 6114 (as so redesignated)—
(A) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ‘‘section 7115’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6115’’; and
(B) in subsection (c)(4)(D), by striking ‘‘section 7115(c)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 6115(c)’’;
(5) in section 6115 (as so redesignated)—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by
striking ‘‘section 7111’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6111’’;
and
(ii) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘section 7114(a)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 6114(a)’’; and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

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(B) in subsection (c)—
(i) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘section 7114(c)(4)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 6114(c)(4)’’; and
(ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘section 7111’’
and inserting ‘‘section 6111’’;
(6) in section 6116 (as so redesignated), in subsection (d)(9),
by striking ‘‘section 7114(c)(4)’’ and inserting ‘‘section
6114(c)(4)’’;
(7) in section 6117 (as so redesignated)—
(A) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(i), by striking ‘‘section 7151’’
and inserting ‘‘section 6151’’;
(B) in subsection (c), by striking ‘‘section 7151’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6151’’;
(C) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ‘‘section 7113’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6113’’; and
(D) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ‘‘section 7114’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6114’’;
(8) in section 6118 (as so redesignated), in subsection (a),
by striking ‘‘section 7113’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6113’’;
(9) in section 6119 (as so redesignated), by striking ‘‘section
7114’’ and inserting ‘‘section 6114’’; and
(10) in section 6205 (as so redesignated), in subsection
(c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘section 7204’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6204’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘section 7204’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 6204’’.

20 USC 7426.

20 USC 7427.

20 USC 7428.
20 USC 7429.
20 USC 7515.

SEC. 6002. INDIAN EDUCATION.

(a) STATEMENT OF POLICY.—Section 6101 (20 U.S.C. 7401) (as
redesignated by section 6001) is amended by adding at the end
the following: ‘‘It is further the policy of the United States to
ensure that Indian children do not attend school in buildings that
are dilapidated or deteriorating, which may negatively affect the
academic success of such children.’’.
(b) PURPOSE.—Section 6102 (20 U.S.C. 7402) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 6102. PURPOSE.

‘‘It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of local
educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities—
‘‘(1) to meet the unique educational and culturally related
academic needs of Indian students, so that such students can
meet the challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(2) to ensure that Indian students gain knowledge and
understanding of Native communities, languages, tribal histories, traditions, and cultures; and
‘‘(3) to ensure that teachers, principals, other school leaders,
and other staff who serve Indian students have the ability
to provide culturally appropriate and effective instruction and
supports to such students.’’.
(c) PURPOSE.—Section 6111 (20 U.S.C. 7421) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended to read as follows:
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‘‘SEC. 6111. PURPOSE.

‘‘It is the purpose of this subpart to support the efforts of
local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, and

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other entities in developing elementary school and secondary school
programs for Indian students that are designed to—
‘‘(1) meet the unique cultural, language, and educational
needs of such students; and
‘‘(2) ensure that all students meet the challenging State
academic standards.’’.
(d) GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES AND TRIBES.—
Section 6112 (20 U.S.C. 7422) (as redesignated by section 6001)
is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may make grants, from allocations made under section 6113, and in accordance with this section
and section 6113, to—
‘‘(1) local educational agencies;
‘‘(2) Indian tribes, as provided under subsection (c)(1);
‘‘(3) Indian organizations, as provided under subsection
(c)(1);
‘‘(4) consortia of 2 or more local educational agencies, Indian
tribes, Indian organizations, or Indian community-based
organizations, if each local educational agency participating
in such a consortium, if applicable—
‘‘(A) provides an assurance that the eligible Indian
children served by such local educational agency will
receive the services of the programs funded under this
subpart; and
‘‘(B) is subject to all the requirements, assurances,
and obligations applicable to local educational agencies
under this subpart; and
‘‘(5) Indian community-based organizations, as provided
under subsection (d)(1).’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘A local educational
agency shall’’ and inserting ‘‘Subject to paragraph (2), a
local educational agency shall’’;
(B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
and
(C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.—A local educational
agency may enter into a cooperative agreement with an Indian
tribe under this subpart if such Indian tribe—
‘‘(A) represents not less than 25 percent of the eligible
Indian children who are served by such local educational
agency; and
‘‘(B) requests that the local educational agency enter
into a cooperative agreement under this subpart.’’; and
(3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) INDIAN TRIBES AND INDIAN ORGANIZATIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—If a local educational agency that is
otherwise eligible for a grant under this subpart does not
establish a committee under section 6114(c)(4) for such grant,
an Indian tribe, an Indian organization, or a consortium of
such entities, that represents more than one-half of the eligible
Indian children who are served by such local educational agency
may apply for such grant.
‘‘(2) SPECIAL RULE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall treat each
Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium of such

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entities applying for a grant pursuant to paragraph (1)
as if such tribe, Indian organization, or consortium were
a local educational agency for purposes of this subpart.
‘‘(B) EXCEPTIONS.—Notwithstanding subparagraph (A),
such Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium shall
not be subject to the requirements of subsections (b)(7)
or (c)(4) of section 6114 or section 6118(c) or 6119.
‘‘(3) ASSURANCE TO SERVE ALL INDIAN CHILDREN.—An
Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium of such entities
that is eligible to apply for a grant under paragraph (1) shall
include, in the application required under section 6114, an
assurance that the entity will use the grant funds to provide
services to all Indian students served by the local educational
agency.
‘‘(d) INDIAN COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—If no local educational agency pursuant
to subsection (b), and no Indian tribe, Indian organization,
or consortium pursuant to subsection (c), applies for a grant
under this subpart in a particular community, an Indian
community-based organization serving the community of the
local educational agency may apply for such grant.
‘‘(2) APPLICABILITY OF SPECIAL RULE.—The Secretary shall
apply the special rule in subsection (c)(2) to an Indian community-based organization applying for a grant under paragraph
(1) in the same manner as such rule applies to an Indian
tribe, Indian organization, or consortium described in that subsection.
‘‘(3) DEFINITION OF INDIAN COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION.—In this subsection, the term ‘Indian community-based
organization’ means any organization that—
‘‘(A) is composed primarily of Indian parents, family
members, and community members, tribal government education officials, and tribal members, from a specific community;
‘‘(B) assists in the social, cultural, and educational
development of Indians in such community;
‘‘(C) meets the unique cultural, language, and academic
needs of Indian students; and
‘‘(D) demonstrates organizational and administrative
capacity to manage the grant.’’.
(e) AMOUNT OF GRANTS.—Section 6113 (20 U.S.C. 7423) (as
redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian
Affairs’’ and inserting ‘‘Bureau of Indian Education’’; and
(2) in subsection (d)—
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘‘INDIAN
AFFAIRS’’ and inserting ‘‘INDIAN EDUCATION’’; and
(B) in paragraph (1)(A)(i), by striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian
Affairs’’ and inserting ‘‘Bureau of Indian Education’’.
(f) APPLICATIONS.—Section 6114 (20 U.S.C. 7424) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘Each local educational
agency’’ and inserting ‘‘Each entity described in section
6112(a)’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘American Indian
and Alaska Native’’ and inserting ‘‘Indian’’;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘is consistent
with the State and local plans’’ and inserting ‘‘is consistent with the State, tribal, and local plans’’; and
(ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(B) includes program objectives and outcomes for activities
under this subpart that are based on the same challenging
State academic standards developed by the State under title
I for all students;’’;
(C) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) explains how the grantee will use funds made available
under this subpart to supplement other Federal, State, and
local programs that meet the needs of Indian students;’’;
(D) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon;
(E) in paragraph (6)—
(i) in subparagraph (B)—
(I) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon; and
(II) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(iii) the Indian tribes whose children are served
by the local educational agency, consistent with section
444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C.
1232g) (commonly referred to as the ‘Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974’); and’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period
at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(F) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(7) describes the process the local educational agency used
to meaningfully collaborate with Indian tribes located in the
community in a timely, active, and ongoing manner in the
development of the comprehensive program and the actions
taken as a result of such collaboration.’’;
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘for the education
of Indian children,’’ and inserting ‘‘for services described
in this subsection,’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘served by
such agency;’’ and inserting ‘‘served by such agency,
and meet program objectives and outcomes for activities under this subpart; and’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(C) determine the extent to which such activities by
the local educational agency address the unique cultural,
language, and educational needs of Indian students;’’;
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘American
Indian and Alaska Native’’ and inserting ‘‘Indian’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (C)—
(I) by inserting ‘‘representatives of Indian
tribes on Indian lands located within 50 miles
of any school that the agency will serve if such

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tribes have any children in such school, Indian
organizations,’’ after ‘‘parents of Indian children
and teachers,’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
(D) in paragraph (4)—
(i) in subparagraph (A)—
(I) in clause (i), by inserting ‘‘and family members’’ after ‘‘parents’’;
(II) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as
clauses (iii) and (iv), respectively; and
(III) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
‘‘(ii) representatives of Indian tribes on Indian
lands located within 50 miles of any school that the
agency will serve if such tribes have any children in
such school;’’;
(ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(B) a majority of whose members are parents and
family members of Indian children;’’;
(iii) by striking subparagraph (C);
(iv) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E)
as subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively; and
(v) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated by clause
(iv))—
(I) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon;
(II) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘American Indian
and Alaska Native’’ and inserting ‘‘Indian’’; and
(III) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(iii) determined that the program will directly
enhance the educational experience of Indian students;
and’’; and
(vi) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by clause
(iv), by striking the period at the end and inserting
a semicolon; and
(E) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5) the local educational agency will coordinate activities
under this title with other Federal programs supporting educational and related services administered by such agency;
‘‘(6) the local educational agency conducted outreach to
parents and family members to meet the requirements under
this paragraph;
‘‘(7) the local educational agency will use funds received
under this subpart only for activities described and authorized
in this subpart; and
‘‘(8) the local educational agency has set forth such policies
and procedures, including policies and procedures relating to
the hiring of personnel, as will ensure that the program for
which assistance is sought will be operated and evaluated in
consultation with, and with the involvement of, parents and
family members of the children, and representatives of the
area, to be served.’’; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(d) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary shall, directly or
by contract, provide technical assistance to a local educational
agency or Bureau of Indian Education school upon request (in
addition to any technical assistance available under other provisions

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of this Act or available through the Institute of Education Sciences)
to support the services and activities provided under this subpart,
including technical assistance for—
‘‘(1) the development of applications under this subpart,
including identifying eligible entities that have not applied
for such grants and undertaking appropriate activities to
encourage such entities to apply for grants under this subpart;
‘‘(2) improvement in the quality of implementation, content,
and evaluation of activities supported under this subpart; and
‘‘(3) integration of activities under this subpart with other
educational activities carried out by the local educational
agency.’’.
(g) AUTHORIZED SERVICES AND ACTIVITIES.—Section 6115 (20
U.S.C. 7425) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘solely for the services and activities described in such application’’ before
the semicolon; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘with special regard
for’’ and inserting ‘‘to be responsive to’’;
(2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) PARTICULAR ACTIVITIES.—The services and activities
referred to in subsection (a) may include—
‘‘(1) activities that support Native American language programs and Native American language restoration programs,
which may be taught by traditional leaders;
‘‘(2) culturally related activities that support the program
described in the application submitted by the local educational
agency;
‘‘(3) early childhood and family programs that emphasize
school readiness;
‘‘(4) enrichment programs that focus on problem solving
and cognitive skills development and directly support the
attainment of challenging State academic standards;
‘‘(5) integrated educational services in combination with
other programs that meet the needs of Indian children and
their families, including programs that promote parental
involvement in school activities and increase student achievement;
‘‘(6) career preparation activities to enable Indian students
to participate in programs such as the programs supported
by the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act
of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.), including programs for techprep education, mentoring, and apprenticeship;
‘‘(7) activities to educate individuals so as to prevent
violence, suicide, and substance abuse;
‘‘(8) the acquisition of equipment, but only if the acquisition
of the equipment is essential to achieve the purpose described
in section 6111;
‘‘(9) activities that promote the incorporation of culturally
responsive teaching and learning strategies into the educational
program of the local educational agency;
‘‘(10) family literacy services;
‘‘(11) activities that recognize and support the unique cultural and educational needs of Indian children, and incorporate
appropriately qualified tribal elders and seniors;

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‘‘(12) dropout prevention strategies for Indian students;

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and
‘‘(13) strategies to meet the educational needs of at-risk
Indian students in correctional facilities, including such strategies that support Indian students who are transitioning from
such facilities to schools served by local educational agencies.’’;
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the
end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3) the local educational agency identifies in its application
how the use of such funds in a schoolwide program will produce
benefits to Indian students that would not be achieved if the
funds were not used in a schoolwide program.’’; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(e) LIMITATION ON THE USE OF FUNDS.—Funds provided to
a grantee under this subpart may not be used for long-distance
travel expenses for training activities that are available locally
or regionally.’’.
(h) INTEGRATION OF SERVICES AUTHORIZED.—Section 6116 (20
U.S.C. 7426) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (g), in the matter preceding paragraph
(1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘No Child Left Behind Act of 2001’’
and inserting ‘‘Every Student Succeeds Act’’;
(B) by inserting ‘‘the Secretary of Health and Human
Services,’’ after ‘‘the Secretary of the Interior,’’; and
(C) by inserting ‘‘and coordination’’ after ‘‘providing
for the implementation’’; and
(2) in subsection (o)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘the No Child Left
Behind Act of 2001’’ and inserting ‘‘the Every Student
Succeeds Act’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘the No Child Left Behind Act of
2001’’ and inserting ‘‘the Every Student Succeeds Act’’;
and
(ii) by striking the second sentence.
(i) STUDENT ELIGIBILITY FORMS.—Section 6117 (20 U.S.C. 7427)
(as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘All individual data collected shall be protected by the local
educational agencies and only aggregated data shall be reported
to the Secretary.’’;
(2) by striking subsection (d);
(3) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), as
subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
(4) by striking subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph
(4), and inserting the following:
‘‘(d) DOCUMENTATION AND TYPES OF PROOF.—
‘‘(1) TYPES OF PROOF.—For purposes of determining
whether a child is eligible to be counted for the purpose of
computing the amount of a grant award under section 6113,
the membership of the child, or any parent or grandparent
of the child, in a tribe or band of Indians (as so defined)

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may be established by proof other than an enrollment number,
notwithstanding the availability of an enrollment number for
a member of such tribe or band. Nothing in subsection (b)
shall be construed to require the furnishing of an enrollment
number.
‘‘(2) NO NEW OR DUPLICATIVE DETERMINATIONS.—Once a
child is determined to be an Indian eligible to be counted
for such grant award, the local educational agency shall maintain a record of such determination and shall not require a
new or duplicate determination to be made for such child for
a subsequent application for a grant under this subpart.
‘‘(3) PREVIOUSLY FILED FORMS.—An Indian student eligibility form that was on file as required by this section on
the day before the date of enactment of the Every Student
Succeeds Act and that met the requirements of this section,
as this section was in effect on the day before the date of
the enactment of such Act, shall remain valid for such Indian
student.’’;
(5) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (4),
by striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian Affairs’’ and inserting ‘‘Bureau
of Indian Education’’; and
(6) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (4),
by striking ‘‘subsection (g)(1)’’ and inserting ‘‘subsection (f)(1)’’.
(j) PAYMENTS.—Section 6118 (20 U.S.C. 7428) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended, by striking subsection (c) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(c) REDUCTION OF PAYMENT FOR FAILURE TO MAINTAIN FISCAL
EFFORT.—Each local educational agency shall maintain fiscal effort
in accordance with section 8521 or be subject to reduced payments
under this subpart in accordance with such section 8521.’’.
(k) IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN
CHILDREN AND YOUTH.—Section 6121 (20 U.S.C. 7441) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) by striking the section header and inserting the following:

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‘‘SEC. 6121. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR
INDIAN CHILDREN AND YOUTH.’’;

(2) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘and youth’’ after
‘‘Indian children’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ‘‘American Indian
and Alaska Native children’’ and inserting ‘‘Indian children
and youth’’;
(3) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘Indian institution
(including an Indian institution of higher education)’’ and
inserting ‘‘a Tribal College or University (as defined in section
316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.
1059c(b)))’’;
(4) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary shall award grants
to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out activities
that meet the purpose of this section, including—
‘‘(1) innovative programs related to the educational needs
of educationally disadvantaged Indian children and youth;
‘‘(2) educational services that are not available to such
children and youth in sufficient quantity or quality, including

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129 STAT. 2055

remedial instruction, to raise the achievement of Indian children in one or more of the subjects of English, mathematics,
science, foreign languages, art, history, and geography;
‘‘(3) bilingual and bicultural programs and projects;
‘‘(4) special health and nutrition services, and other related
activities, that address the special health, social, and psychological problems of Indian children and youth;
‘‘(5) special compensatory and other programs and projects
designed to assist and encourage Indian children and youth
to enter, remain in, or reenter school, and to increase the
rate of high school graduation for Indian children and youth;
‘‘(6) comprehensive guidance, counseling, and testing services;
‘‘(7) early childhood education programs that are effective
in preparing young children to make sufficient academic growth
by the end of grade 3, including kindergarten and pre-kindergarten programs, family-based preschool programs that emphasize school readiness, screening and referral, and the provision
of services to Indian children and youth with disabilities;
‘‘(8) partnership projects between local educational agencies
and institutions of higher education that allow secondary school
students to enroll in courses at the postsecondary level to
aid such students in the transition from secondary to postsecondary education;
‘‘(9) partnership projects between schools and local
businesses for career preparation programs designed to provide
Indian youth with the knowledge and skills such youth need
to make an effective transition from school to a high-skill
career;
‘‘(10) programs designed to encourage and assist Indian
students to work toward, and gain entrance into, institutions
of higher education;
‘‘(11) family literacy services;
‘‘(12) activities that recognize and support the unique cultural and educational needs of Indian children and youth, and
incorporate traditional leaders;
‘‘(13) high-quality professional development of teaching
professionals and paraprofessionals; or
‘‘(14) other services that meet the purpose described in
this section.’’; and
(5) in subsection (d)—
(A) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ‘‘make a grant
payment for a grant described in this paragraph to an
eligible entity after the initial year of the multiyear grant
only if the Secretary determines’’ and inserting ‘‘award
grants for an initial period of not more than 3 years and
may renew such grants for not more than an additional
2 years if the Secretary determines’’; and
(B) in paragraph (3)(B)—
(i) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘parents of Indian
children’’ and inserting ‘‘parents and family of Indian
children’’; and
(ii) in clause (iii), by striking ‘‘information demonstrating that the proposed program for the activities
is a scientifically based research program’’ and
inserting ‘‘information demonstrating that the proposed
program is an evidence-based program’’.

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129 STAT. 2056

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

(l) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS AND EDUCATION
PROFESSIONALS.—Section 6122 (20 U.S.C. 7442) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) to increase the number of qualified Indian teachers
and administrators serving Indian students;’’;
(B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) to provide pre- and in-service training and support
to qualified Indian individuals to enable such individuals to
become effective teachers, principals, other school leaders,
administrators, paraprofessionals, counselors, social workers,
and specialized instructional support personnel;’’;
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the
end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(D) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4) to develop and implement initiatives to promote retention of effective teachers, principals, and school leaders who
have a record of success in helping low-achieving Indian students improve their academic achievement, outcomes, and
preparation for postsecondary education or employment.’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘including an Indian
institution of higher education’’ and inserting ‘‘including
a Tribal College or University, as defined in section 316(b)
of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059c(b))’’;
and
(B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ‘‘in a consortium
with at least one Tribal College or University, as defined
in section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965
(20 U.S.C. 1059c(b)), where feasible’’ before the period at
the end;
(3) in subsection (d)(1)—
(A) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘purposes’’ and
inserting ‘‘purpose’’; and
(B) by striking the second sentence and inserting ‘‘Such
activities may include—
‘‘(A) continuing education programs, symposia, workshops, and conferences;
‘‘(B) teacher mentoring programs, professional guidance, and instructional support provided by educators, local
traditional leaders, or cultural experts, as appropriate for
teachers during their first 3 years of employment as
teachers;
‘‘(C) direct financial support; and
‘‘(D) programs designed to train traditional leaders
and cultural experts to assist those personnel referenced
in subsection (a)(2), as appropriate, with relevant Native
language and cultural mentoring, guidance, and support.’’;
and
(4) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
‘‘(e) APPLICATION.—Each eligible entity desiring a grant under
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such
time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.

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At a minimum, an application under this section shall describe
how the eligible entity will—
‘‘(1) recruit qualified Indian individuals, such as students
who may not be of traditional college age, to become teachers,
principals, or school leaders;
‘‘(2) use funds made available under the grant to support
the recruitment, preparation, and professional development of
Indian teachers or principals in local educational agencies that
serve a high proportion of Indian students; and
‘‘(3) assist participants in meeting the requirements under
subsection (h).’’;
(5) in subsection (f)—
(A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
(B) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated
by subparagraph (A), the following:
‘‘(1) may give priority to Tribal Colleges and Universities;’’;
and
(C) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by subparagraph
(A), by striking ‘‘basis of’’ and all that follows through
the period at the end and inserting ‘‘basis of the length
of any period for which the eligible entity has received
a grant.’’;
(6) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) GRANT PERIOD.—The Secretary shall award grants under
this section for an initial period of not more than 3 years, and
may renew such grants for an additional period of not more than
2 years if the Secretary finds that the grantee is achieving the
objectives of the grant.’’; and
(7) in subsection (h)(1)(A)(ii), by striking ‘‘people’’ and
inserting ‘‘students in a local educational agency that serves
a high proportion of Indian students’’.
(m) NATIONAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.—Section 6131 (20 U.S.C.
7451) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘under section 7152(b)’’
and inserting ‘‘to carry out this subpart’’; and
(2) in subsection (c)(2), by inserting ‘‘, the Bureau of Indian
Education,’’ after ‘‘Office of Indian Education Programs’’.
(n) IN-SERVICE TRAINING FOR TEACHERS OF INDIAN CHILDREN;
FELLOWSHIPS FOR INDIAN STUDENTS; GIFTED AND TALENTED INDIAN
STUDENTS.—Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) (as redesignated by
section 6001) is amended—
(1) by striking sections 6132, 6133, and 6134 (as redesignated by section 6001); and
(2) by redesignating section 6135 (as redesignated by section 6001) as section 6132.
(o) NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE.—Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7401
et seq.) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended by inserting
after section 6132 (as redesignated by subsection (n)(2)) the following:

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‘‘SEC. 6133. NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE LANGUAGE
IMMERSION SCHOOLS AND PROGRAMS.

20 USC
7452–7454.
20 USC 7455,
7452.

20 USC 7453.

‘‘(a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this section are—
‘‘(1) to establish a grant program to support schools that
use Native American and Alaska Native languages as the primary language of instruction;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(2) to maintain, protect, and promote the rights and
freedom of Native Americans and Alaska Natives to use, practice, maintain, and revitalize their languages, as envisioned
in the Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2901 et
seq.); and
‘‘(3) to support the Nation’s First Peoples’ efforts to maintain and revitalize their languages and cultures, and to improve
educational opportunities and student outcomes within Native
American and Alaska Native communities.
‘‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—From funds reserved under section
6152(c), the Secretary shall reserve 20 percent to make grants
to eligible entities to develop and maintain, or to improve
and expand, programs that support schools, including
elementary school and secondary school education sites and
streams, using Native American and Alaska Native languages
as the primary languages of instruction.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—In this subsection, the term
‘eligible entity’ means any of the following entities that has
a plan to develop and maintain, or to improve and expand,
programs that support the entity’s use of a Native American
or Alaska Native language as the primary language of instruction in elementary schools or secondary schools, or both:
‘‘(A) An Indian tribe.
‘‘(B) A Tribal College or University (as defined in section 316 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.
1059c)).
‘‘(C) A tribal education agency.
‘‘(D) A local educational agency, including a public
charter school that is a local educational agency under
State law.
‘‘(E) A school operated by the Bureau of Indian Education.
‘‘(F) An Alaska Native Regional Corporation (as
described in section 3(g) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602(g))).
‘‘(G) A private, tribal, or Alaska Native nonprofit
organization.
‘‘(H) A nontribal for-profit organization.
‘‘(c) APPLICATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that desires to receive
a grant under this section shall submit an application to the
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary
may require, including the following:
‘‘(A) The name of the Native American or Alaska Native
language to be used for instruction at the school supported
by the eligible entity.
‘‘(B) The number of students attending such school.
‘‘(C) The number of hours of instruction in or through
1 or more Native American or Alaska Native languages
being provided to targeted students at such school, if any.
‘‘(D) A description of how the eligible entity will—
‘‘(i) use the funds provided to meet the purposes
of this section;
‘‘(ii) implement the activities described in subsection (e);

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‘‘(iii) ensure the implementation of rigorous academic content; and
‘‘(iv) ensure that students progress toward highlevel fluency goals.
‘‘(E) Information regarding the school’s organizational
governance or affiliations, including information about—
‘‘(i) the school governing entity (such as a local
educational agency, tribal education agency or department, charter organization, private organization, or
other governing entity);
‘‘(ii) the school’s accreditation status;
‘‘(iii) any partnerships with institutions of higher
education; and
‘‘(iv) any indigenous language schooling and
research cooperatives.
‘‘(F) An assurance that—
‘‘(i) the school is engaged in meeting State or tribally designated long-term goals for students, as may
be required by applicable Federal, State, or tribal law;
‘‘(ii) the school provides assessments of students
using the Native American or Alaska Native language
of instruction, where possible;
‘‘(iii) the qualifications of all instructional and
leadership personnel at such school is sufficient to
deliver high-quality education through the Native
American or Alaska Native language used in the
school; and
‘‘(iv) the school will collect and report to the public
data relative to student achievement and, if appropriate, rates of high school graduation, career readiness, and enrollment in postsecondary education or
workforce development programs, of students who are
enrolled in the school’s programs.
‘‘(2) LIMITATION.—The Secretary shall not give a priority
in awarding grants under this section based on the information
described in paragraph (1)(E).
‘‘(3) SUBMISSION OF CERTIFICATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity that is a public
elementary school or secondary school (including a public
charter school or a school operated by the Bureau of Indian
Education) or a nontribal for-profit or nonprofit organization shall submit, along with the application requirements
described in paragraph (1), a certification described in
subparagraph (B) indicating that—
‘‘(i) the school or organization has the capacity
to provide education primarily through a Native American or an Alaska Native language; and
‘‘(ii) there are sufficient speakers of the target
language at the school or available to be hired by
the school or organization.
‘‘(B) CERTIFICATION.—The certification described in
subparagraph (A) shall be from one of the following entities,
on whose land the school or program is located, that is
an entity served by such school, or that is an entity whose
members (as defined by that entity) are served by the
school:

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‘‘(i) A Tribal College or University (as defined in
section 316 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20
U.S.C. 1059c)).
‘‘(ii) A Federally recognized Indian tribe or tribal
organization.
‘‘(iii) An Alaska Native Regional Corporation or
an Alaska Native nonprofit organization.
‘‘(iv) A Native Hawaiian organization.
‘‘(d) AWARDING OF GRANTS.—In awarding grants under this
section, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) determine the amount of each grant and the duration
of each grant, which shall not exceed 3 years; and
‘‘(2) ensure, to the maximum extent feasible, that diversity
in languages is represented.
‘‘(e) ACTIVITIES AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(1) REQUIRED ACTIVITIES.—An eligible entity that receives
a grant under this section shall use such funds to carry out
the following activities:
‘‘(A) Supporting Native American or Alaska Native language education and development.
‘‘(B) Providing professional development for teachers
and, as appropriate, staff and administrators to strengthen
the overall language and academic goals of the school that
will be served by the grant program.
‘‘(2) ALLOWABLE ACTIVITIES.—An eligible entity that
receives a grant under this section may use such funds to
carry out the following activities:
‘‘(A) Developing or refining curriculum, including
teaching materials and activities, as appropriate.
‘‘(B) Creating or refining assessments written in the
Native American or Alaska Native language of instruction
that measure student proficiency and that are aligned with
State or tribal academic standards.
‘‘(C) Carrying out other activities that promote the
maintenance and revitalization of the Native American
or Alaska Native language relevant to the grant program.
‘‘(f) REPORT TO SECRETARY.—Each eligible entity that receives
a grant under this section shall prepare and submit an annual
report to the Secretary, which shall include—
‘‘(1) the activities the entity carried out to meet the purposes of this section; and
‘‘(2) the number of children served by the program and
the number of instructional hours in the Native American
or Alaska Native language.
‘‘(g) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—Not more than 5 percent of the
funds provided to a grantee under this section for any fiscal year
may be used for administrative purposes.’’.
(p) GRANTS TO TRIBES FOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATIVE PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT, AND COORDINATION.—Section 6132 (20 U.S.C.
7455) (as redesignated by subsection (n)) is amended to read as
follows:

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20 USC 7452.

‘‘SEC. 6132. GRANTS TO TRIBES FOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATIVE
PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT, AND COORDINATION.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may award grants under this
section to eligible applicants to enable the eligible applicants to—
‘‘(1) promote tribal self-determination in education;

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‘‘(2) improve the academic achievement of Indian children
and youth; and
‘‘(3) promote the coordination and collaboration of tribal
educational agencies with State educational agencies and local
educational agencies to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of Indian students.
‘‘(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT.—In this section, the term ‘eligible
applicant’ means—
‘‘(A) an Indian tribe or tribal organization approved
by an Indian tribe; or
‘‘(B) a tribal educational agency.
‘‘(2) INDIAN TRIBE.—The term ‘Indian tribe’ means a federally recognized tribe or a State-recognized tribe.
‘‘(3) TRIBAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—The term ‘tribal educational agency’ means the agency, department, or instrumentality of an Indian tribe that is primarily responsible for supporting tribal students’ elementary and secondary education.
‘‘(c) GRANT PROGRAM.—The Secretary may award grants to—
‘‘(1) eligible applicants described under subsection (b)(1)(A)
to plan and develop a tribal educational agency, if the tribe
or organization has no current tribal educational agency, for
a period of not more than 1 year; and
‘‘(2) eligible applicants described under subsection (b)(1)(B),
for a period of not more than 3 years, in order to—
‘‘(A) directly administer education programs, including
formula grant programs under this Act, consistent with
State law and under a written agreement between the
parties;
‘‘(B) build capacity to administer and coordinate such
education programs, and to improve the relationship and
coordination between such applicants and the State educational agencies and local educational agencies that educate students from the tribe;
‘‘(C) receive training and support from the State educational agency and local educational agency, in areas such
as data collection and analysis, grants management and
monitoring, fiscal accountability, and other areas as
needed;
‘‘(D) train and support the State educational agency
and local educational agency in areas related to tribal
history, language, or culture;
‘‘(E) build on existing activities or resources rather
than replacing other funds; and
‘‘(F) carry out other activities, consistent with the purposes of this section.
‘‘(d) GRANT APPLICATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Each eligible applicant desiring a grant
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably prescribe.
‘‘(2) CONTENTS.—Each application described in paragraph
(1) shall contain—
‘‘(A) a statement describing the activities to be conducted, and the objectives to be achieved, under the grant;
‘‘(B) a description of the method to be used for evaluating the effectiveness of the activities for which assistance

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20 USC 7456.

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is sought and for determining whether such objectives are
achieved; and
‘‘(C) for applications for activities under subsection
(c)(2), evidence of—
‘‘(i) a preliminary agreement with the appropriate
State educational agency, 1 or more local educational
agencies, or both the State educational agency and
a local educational agency; and
‘‘(ii) existing capacity as a tribal educational
agency.
‘‘(3) APPROVAL.—The Secretary may approve an application
submitted by an eligible applicant under this subsection if
the application, including any documentation submitted with
the application—
‘‘(A) demonstrates that the eligible applicant has consulted with other education entities, if any, within the
territorial jurisdiction of the applicant that will be affected
by the activities to be conducted under the grant;
‘‘(B) provides for consultation with such other education
entities in the operation and evaluation of the activities
conducted under the grant; and
‘‘(C) demonstrates that there will be adequate resources
provided under this section or from other sources to complete the activities for which assistance is sought.
‘‘(e) RESTRICTIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—An Indian tribe may not receive funds
under this section if the tribe receives funds under section
1140 of the Education Amendments of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 2020).
‘‘(2) DIRECT SERVICES.—No funds under this section may
be used to provide direct services.
‘‘(f) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Funds under this section
shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, other Federal,
State, and local programs that meet the needs of tribal students.’’.
(q) IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR ADULT
INDIANS.—Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) (as redesignated by
section 6001) is amended by striking section 6136.
(r) NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON INDIAN EDUCATION.—Section 6141(b)(1) (20 U.S.C. 7471(b)(1)) (as redesignated by section
6001) is amended by inserting ‘‘and the Secretary of the Interior’’
after ‘‘advise the Secretary’’.
(s) DEFINITIONS.—Section 6151 (20 U.S.C. 7491) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4) TRADITIONAL LEADERS.—The term ‘traditional leaders’
has the meaning given the term in section 103 of the Native
American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2902).’’.
(t) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 6152 (20
U.S.C. 7492) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘$96,400,000 for fiscal
year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary for each of
the 5 succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$100,381,000 for
fiscal year 2017, $102,388,620 for fiscal year 2018, $104,436,392
for fiscal year 2019, and $106,525,120 for fiscal year 2020’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘‘SUBPARTS
2 AND 3’’ and inserting ‘‘SUBPART 2’’;

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(B) by striking ‘‘subparts 2 and 3’’ and inserting ‘‘subpart 2’’; and
(C) by striking ‘‘$24,000,000 for fiscal year 2002 and
such sums as may be necessary for each of the 5 succeeding
fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$17,993,000 for each of fiscal
years 2017 through 2020’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) SUBPART 3.—For the purpose of carrying out subpart 3,
there are authorized to be appropriated $5,565,000 for each of
fiscal years 2017 through 2020.’’.
SEC. 6003. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION.

(a) FINDINGS.—Section 6202 (20 U.S.C. 7512) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended by striking paragraphs (14) through
(21).
(b) NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL.—Section 6204 (20
U.S.C. 7514) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended to read
as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 6204. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL.

‘‘(a) GRANT AUTHORIZED.—In order to better effectuate the purposes of this part through the coordination of educational and
related services and programs available to Native Hawaiians,
including those programs that receive funding under this part,
the Secretary shall award a grant to the education council described
under subsection (b).
‘‘(b) EDUCATION COUNCIL.—
‘‘(1) ELIGIBILITY.—To be eligible to receive the grant under
subsection (a), the council shall be an education council
(referred to in this section as the ‘Education Council’) that
meets the requirements of this subsection.
‘‘(2) COMPOSITION.—The Education Council shall consist
of 15 members, of whom—
‘‘(A) 1 shall be the President of the University of
Hawaii (or a designee);
‘‘(B) 1 shall be the Governor of the State of Hawaii
(or a designee);
‘‘(C) 1 shall be the Superintendent of the State of
Hawaii Department of Education (or a designee);
‘‘(D) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Office of
Hawaiian Affairs (or a designee);
‘‘(E) 1 shall be the executive director of Hawaii’s
Charter School Network (or a designee);
‘‘(F) 1 shall be the chief executive officer of the Kamehameha Schools (or a designee);
‘‘(G) 1 shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Queen
Liliuokalani Trust (or a designee);
‘‘(H) 1 shall be appointed by the Secretary, in a timely
manner, and chosen from a list of 5 individuals who represent one or more private grant-making entities that is
submitted to the Secretary by the Education Council;
‘‘(I) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of Hawaii
(or a designee);
‘‘(J) 1 shall be the Mayor of Maui County (or a designee
from the Island of Maui);
‘‘(K) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of Kauai
(or a designee);

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‘‘(L) 1 shall be appointed by the Secretary, in a timely
manner, and chosen from a list of 5 individuals who are
from the Island of Molokai or the Island of Lanai that
is submitted to the Secretary by the Mayor of Maui County;
‘‘(M) 1 shall be the Mayor of the City and County
of Honolulu (or a designee);
‘‘(N) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Hawaiian Homes
Commission (or a designee); and
‘‘(O) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Hawaii Workforce
Development Council (or a designee representing the private sector).
‘‘(3) REQUIREMENTS.—Any designee serving on the Education Council shall demonstrate, as determined by the individual who appointed such designee with input from the Native
Hawaiian community, not less than 5 years of experience as
a consumer or provider of Native Hawaiian educational or
cultural activities, with traditional cultural experience given
due consideration.
‘‘(4) LIMITATION.—A member (including a designee), while
serving on the Education Council, shall not be a direct recipient
or administrator of grant funds that are awarded under this
part.
‘‘(5) TERM OF MEMBERS.—A member who is a designee
shall serve for a term of not more than 4 years.
‘‘(6) CHAIR; VICE CHAIR.—
‘‘(A) SELECTION.—The Education Council shall select
a Chairperson and a Vice Chairperson from among the
members of the Education Council.
‘‘(B) TERM LIMITS.—The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson shall each serve for a 2-year term.
‘‘(7) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS RELATING TO EDUCATION
COUNCIL.—The Education Council shall meet at the call of
the Chairperson of the Council, or upon request by a majority
of the members of the Education Council, but in any event
not less often than every 120 days.
‘‘(8) NO COMPENSATION.—None of the funds made available
through the grant may be used to provide compensation to
any member of the Education Council or member of a working
group established by the Education Council, for functions
described in this section.
‘‘(c) USE OF FUNDS FOR COORDINATION ACTIVITIES.—The Education Council shall use funds made available through a grant
under subsection (a) to carry out each of the following activities:
‘‘(1) Providing advice about the coordination of, and serving
as a clearinghouse for, the educational and related services
and programs available to Native Hawaiians, including the
programs assisted under this part.
‘‘(2) Assessing the extent to which such services and programs meet the needs of Native Hawaiians, and collecting
data on the status of Native Hawaiian education.
‘‘(3) Providing direction and guidance, through the issuance
of reports and recommendations, to appropriate Federal, State,
and local agencies in order to focus and improve the use of
resources, including resources made available under this part,
relating to Native Hawaiian education, and serving, where
appropriate, in an advisory capacity.

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‘‘(4) Awarding grants, if such grants enable the Education
Council to carry out the activities described in paragraphs
(1) through (3).
‘‘(5) Hiring an executive director, who shall assist in executing the duties and powers of the Education Council, as
described in subsection (d).
‘‘(d) USE OF FUNDS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Education Council shall use funds made available through a grant
under subsection (a) to—
‘‘(1) provide technical assistance to Native Hawaiian
organizations that are grantees or potential grantees under
this part;
‘‘(2) obtain from such grantees information and data
regarding grants awarded under this part, including information and data about—
‘‘(A) the effectiveness of such grantees in meeting the
educational priorities established by the Education Council,
as described in paragraph (6)(D), using metrics related
to these priorities; and
‘‘(B) the effectiveness of such grantees in carrying out
any of the activities described in paragraph (3) of section
6205(a) that are related to the specific goals and purposes
of each grantee’s grant project, using metrics related to
these goals and purposes;
‘‘(3) assess and define the educational needs of Native
Hawaiians;
‘‘(4) assess the programs and services available to address
the educational needs of Native Hawaiians;
‘‘(5) assess and evaluate the individual and aggregate
impact achieved by grantees under this part in improving
Native Hawaiian educational performance and meeting the
goals of this part, using metrics related to these goals; and
‘‘(6) prepare and submit to the Secretary, at the end of
each calendar year, an annual report that contains—
‘‘(A) a description of the activities of the Education
Council during the calendar year;
‘‘(B) a description of significant barriers to achieving
the goals of this part;
‘‘(C) a summary of each community consultation session described in subsection (e); and
‘‘(D) recommendations to establish priorities for
funding under this part, based on an assessment of—
‘‘(i) the educational needs of Native Hawaiians;
‘‘(ii) programs and services available to address
such needs;
‘‘(iii) the effectiveness of programs in improving
the educational performance of Native Hawaiian students to help such students meet challenging State
academic standards under section 1111(b)(1); and
‘‘(iv) priorities for funding in specific geographic
communities.
‘‘(e) USE OF FUNDS FOR COMMUNITY CONSULTATIONS.—The Education Council shall use funds made available through the grant
under subsection (a) to hold not less than 1 community consultation
each year on each of the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai,
Oahu, and Kauai, at which—

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‘‘(1) not fewer than 3 members of the Education Council
shall be in attendance;
‘‘(2) the Education Council shall gather community input
regarding—
‘‘(A) current grantees under this part, as of the date
of the consultation;
‘‘(B) priorities and needs of Native Hawaiians; and
‘‘(C) other Native Hawaiian education issues; and
‘‘(3) the Education Council shall report to the community
on the outcomes of the activities supported by grants awarded
under this part.
‘‘(f) FUNDING.—For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use
the amount described in section 6205(c)(2), to make a payment
under the grant. Funds made available through the grant shall
remain available until expended.’’.
(c) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—Section 6205 (20 U.S.C. 7515) (as
redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘and’’ after
the semicolon;
(ii) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E); and
(iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
‘‘(D) charter schools; and’’;
(B) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (C)—
(I) by striking ‘‘third grade’’ and inserting
‘‘grade 3’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘fifth and sixth grade’’ and
inserting ‘‘grades 5 and 6’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking ‘‘of those
students’’ and inserting ‘‘of such students’’;
(iii) in subparagraph (E)(ii), by striking ‘‘students’
educational progress’’ and inserting ‘‘educational
progress of such students’’;
(iv) in subparagraph (G)(ii), by striking ‘‘concentrations’’ and all that follows through ‘‘; and’’ and inserting
‘‘high concentrations of Native Hawaiian students to
meet the unique needs of such students; and’’; and
(v) in subparagraph (H)—
(I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by
striking ‘‘families’’ and inserting ‘‘students, parents, families,’’;
(II) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘preschool programs’’ and inserting ‘‘early childhood education
programs’’;
(III) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(ii) before, after, and summer school programs,
expanded learning time, or weekend academies;’’; and
(IV) in clause (iii), by striking ‘‘vocational and
adult education programs’’ and inserting ‘‘career
and technical education programs’’; and
(vi) by striking clauses (i) through (v) of subparagraph (I) and inserting the following:

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‘‘(i) family literacy services; and
‘‘(ii) counseling, guidance, and support services for
students;’’; and
(C) by striking paragraph (4); and
(2) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘such sums as may
be necessary for fiscal year 2002 and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$32,397,000 for each
of fiscal years 2017 through 2020’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘for fiscal year 2002
and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting
‘‘for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020’’.
(d) DEFINITIONS.—Section 6207 (20 U.S.C. 7517) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6) as paragraphs (2) through (7), respectively; and
(2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by
paragraph (1), the following:
‘‘(1) COMMUNITY CONSULTATION.—The term ‘community
consultation’ means a public gathering—
‘‘(A) to discuss Native Hawaiian education concerns;
and
‘‘(B) about which the public has been given not less
than 30 days notice.’’.

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SEC. 6004. ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION.

(a) FINDINGS.—Section 6302 (20 U.S.C. 7542) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended by striking paragraphs (1) through
(7) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) It is the policy of the Federal Government to maximize
the leadership of and participation by Alaska Natives in the
planning and the management of Alaska Native education programs and to support efforts developed by and undertaken
within the Alaska Native community to improve educational
opportunity for all students.
‘‘(2) Many Alaska Native children enter and exit school
with serious educational disadvantages.
‘‘(3) Overcoming the magnitude of the geographic challenges, historical inequities, and other barriers to successfully
improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native students
in rural, village, and urban settings is challenging. Significant
disparities between academic achievement of Alaska Native
students and non-Native students continue, including lower
graduation rates, increased school dropout rates, and lower
achievement scores on standardized tests.
‘‘(4) The preservation of Alaska Native cultures and languages and the integration of Alaska Native cultures and languages into education, positive identity development for Alaska
Native students, and local, place-based, and culture-based
programming are critical to the attainment of educational success and the long-term well-being of Alaska Native students.
‘‘(5) Improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native students increases access to employment opportunities.
‘‘(6) The Federal Government should lend support to efforts
developed by and undertaken within the Alaska Native community to improve educational opportunity for Alaska Native students. In 1983, pursuant to Public Law 98–63, Alaska ceased

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to receive educational funding from the Bureau of Indian
Affairs. The Bureau of Indian Education does not operate any
schools in Alaska, nor operate or fund Alaska Native education
programs. The program under this part supports the Federal
trust responsibility of the United States to Alaska Natives.’’.
(b) PURPOSES.—Section 6303 (20 U.S.C. 7543) (as redesignated
by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘and address’’ after ‘‘To
recognize’’;
(2) by striking paragraph (3);
(3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (4) as paragraphs
(4) and (5), respectively;
(4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) To recognize the role of Alaska Native languages and
cultures in the educational success and long-term well-being
of Alaska Native students.
‘‘(3) To integrate Alaska Native cultures and languages
into education, develop Alaska Native students’ positive
identity, and support local place-based and culture-based curriculum and programming.’’;
(5) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by paragraph (3),
by striking ‘‘of supplemental educational programs to benefit
Alaska Natives.’’ and inserting ‘‘, management, and expansion
of effective supplemental educational programs to benefit
Alaska Natives.’’; and
(6) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(6) To ensure the maximum participation by Alaska Native
educators and leaders in the planning, development,
implementation, management, and evaluation of programs
designed to serve Alaska Native students.’’.
(c) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—Section 6304 (20 U.S.C. 7544) (as
redesignated by section 6001) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 6304. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

‘‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY.—
‘‘(1) GRANTS AND CONTRACTS.—The Secretary is authorized
to make grants to, or enter into contracts with—
‘‘(A) Alaska Native organizations with experience operating programs that fulfill the purposes of this part;
‘‘(B) Alaska Native organizations that do not have the
experience described in subparagraph (A) but are in partnership with—
‘‘(i) a State educational agency or a local educational agency; or
‘‘(ii) an Alaska Native organization that operates
a program that fulfills the purposes of this part;
‘‘(C) an entity located in Alaska, and predominately
governed by Alaska Natives, that does not meet the definition of an Alaska Native organization under this part but—
‘‘(i) has experience operating programs that fulfill
the purposes of this part; and
‘‘(ii) is granted an official charter or sanction, as
described in the definition of a tribal organization
under section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and
Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b), from at
least one Alaska Native tribe or Alaska Native

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organization to carry out programs that meet the purposes of this part.
‘‘(2) MANDATORY ACTIVITIES.—Activities provided through
the programs carried out under this part shall include the
following:
‘‘(A) The development and implementation of plans,
methods, strategies, and activities to improve the educational outcomes of Alaska Natives.
‘‘(B) The collection of data to assist in the evaluation
of the programs carried out under this part.
‘‘(3) PERMISSIBLE ACTIVITIES.—Activities provided through
programs carried out under this part may include the following:
‘‘(A) The development of curricula and programs that
address the educational needs of Alaska Native students,
including the following:
‘‘(i) Curriculum materials that are culturally
informed and reflect the cultural diversity, languages,
history, or the contributions of Alaska Native people,
including curricula intended to preserve and promote
Alaska Native culture.
‘‘(ii) Instructional programs that make use of
Alaska Native languages and cultures.
‘‘(iii) Networks that develop, test, and disseminate
best practices and introduce successful programs,
materials, and techniques to meet the educational
needs of Alaska Native students in urban and rural
schools.
‘‘(B) Training and professional development activities
for educators, including the following:
‘‘(i) Pre-service and in-service training and professional development programs to prepare teachers to
develop appreciation for, and understanding of, Alaska
Native history, cultures, values, and ways of knowing
and learning in order to effectively address the cultural
diversity and unique needs of Alaska Native students
and improve the teaching methods of educators.
‘‘(ii) Recruitment and preparation of Alaska Native
teachers.
‘‘(iii) Programs that will lead to the certification
and licensing of Alaska Native teachers, principals,
other school leaders, and superintendents.
‘‘(C) Early childhood and parenting education activities
designed to improve the school readiness of Alaska Native
children, including—
‘‘(i) the development and operation of home visiting
programs for Alaska Native preschool children, to
ensure the active involvement of parents in their children’s education from the earliest ages;
‘‘(ii) training, education, and support, including inhome visitation, for parents and caregivers of Alaska
Native children to improve parenting and caregiving
skills (including skills relating to discipline and cognitive development, reading readiness, observation,
storytelling, and critical thinking);
‘‘(iii) family literacy services;
‘‘(iv) activities carried out under the Head Start
Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.);

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‘‘(v) programs for parents and their infants, from
the prenatal period of the infant through age 3;
‘‘(vi) early childhood education programs; and
‘‘(vii) native language immersion within early
childhood education programs, Head Start, or preschool
programs.
‘‘(D) The development and operation of student enrichment programs, including programs in science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics that—
‘‘(i) are designed to prepare Alaska Native students
to excel in such subjects;
‘‘(ii) provide appropriate support services to enable
such students to benefit from the programs; and
‘‘(iii) include activities that recognize and support
the unique cultural and educational needs of Alaska
Native children and incorporate appropriately qualified
Alaska Native elders and other tradition bearers.
‘‘(E) Research and data collection activities to determine the educational status and needs of Alaska Native
children and adults and other such research and evaluation
activities related to programs funded under this part.
‘‘(F) Activities designed to enable Alaska Native students served under this part to meet the challenging State
academic standards or increase the graduation rates of
Alaska Native students, such as—
‘‘(i) remedial and enrichment programs;
‘‘(ii) culturally based education programs, such
as—
‘‘(I) programs of study and other instruction
in Alaska Native history and ways of living to
share the rich and diverse cultures of Alaska
Natives among Alaska Native youth and elders,
non-Native students and teachers, and the larger
community;
‘‘(II) instructing Alaska Native youth in leadership, communication, and Alaska Native culture,
arts, history, and languages;
‘‘(III) intergenerational learning and internship opportunities to Alaska Native youth and
young adults;
‘‘(IV) providing cultural immersion activities
aimed at Alaska Native cultural preservation;
‘‘(V) native language instruction and immersion activities, including native language immersion nests or schools;
‘‘(VI) school-within-a-school model programs;
and
‘‘(VII) preparation for postsecondary education
and career planning; and
‘‘(iii) comprehensive school or community-based
support services, including services that—
‘‘(I) address family instability and trauma; and
‘‘(II) improve conditions for learning at home,
in the community, and at school.
‘‘(G) Student and teacher exchange programs, crosscultural immersion programs, and culture camps designed

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to build mutual respect and understanding among participants.
‘‘(H) Education programs for at-risk urban Alaska
Native students that are designed to improve academic
proficiency and graduation rates, use strategies otherwise
permissible under this part, and incorporate a strong data
collection and continuous evaluation component.
‘‘(I) Strategies designed to increase the involvement
of parents in their children’s education.
‘‘(J) Programs and strategies that increase connections
between and among schools, families, and communities,
including positive youth-adult relationships, to—
‘‘(i) promote the academic progress and positive
development of Alaska Native children and youth; and
‘‘(ii) improve conditions for learning at home, in
the community, and at school.
‘‘(K) Career preparation activities to enable Alaska
Native children and adults to prepare for meaningful
employment, including programs providing tech-prep, mentoring, training, and apprenticeship activities.
‘‘(L) Support for the development and operational
activities of regional vocational schools in rural areas of
Alaska to provide students with necessary resources to
prepare for skilled employment opportunities.
‘‘(M) Regional leadership academies that demonstrate
effectiveness in building respect and understanding, and
fostering a sense of Alaska Native identity in Alaska Native
students to promote their pursuit of and success in completing higher education or career training.
‘‘(N) Other activities, consistent with the purposes of
this part, to meet the educational needs of Alaska Native
children and adults.
‘‘(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $31,453,000 for each
of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.’’.
(d) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.—Section 6305 (20 U.S.C. 7545)
(as redesignated by section 6001) is amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 6305. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

‘‘Not more than 5 percent of funds provided to an award
recipient under this part for any fiscal year may be used for
administrative purposes.’’.
(e) DEFINITIONS.—Section 6306 (20 U.S.C. 7546) (as redesignated by section 6001) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘(43 U.S.C. 1602(b)) and
includes the descendants of individuals so defined’’ after ‘‘Settlement Act’’;
(2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) ALASKA NATIVE ORGANIZATION.—The term ‘Alaska
Native organization’ means an organization that has or commits
to acquire expertise in the education of Alaska Natives and
is—
‘‘(A) an Indian tribe, as defined in section 4 of the
Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
(25 U.S.C. 450b), that is an Indian tribe located in Alaska;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(B) a ‘tribal organization’, as defined in section 4
of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450b), that is a tribal organization
located in Alaska; or
‘‘(C) an organization listed in clauses (i) through (xii)
of section 419(4)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.
619(4)(B)(i) through (xii)), or the successor of an entity
so listed.’’.

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SEC. 6005. REPORT ON NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE MEDIUM EDUCATION.

(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term ‘‘institution of higher education’’ has the meaning given such term
in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act of 1965.
(2) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—The term ‘‘local educational agency’’ has the meaning given such term in section
8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
(3) NATIVE AMERICAN; NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE.—The
terms ‘‘Native American’’ and ‘‘Native American language’’ have
the meanings given such terms in section 103 of the Native
American Languages Act of 1990 (25 U.S.C. 2902).
(4) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—The term ‘‘State educational agency’’ has the meaning given such term in section
8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
(b) STUDY.—By not later than 18 months after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education, in collaboration
with the Secretary of the Interior, shall—
(1) conduct a study to evaluate all levels of education
being provided primarily through the medium of Native American languages; and
(2) report on the findings of such study.
(c) CONSULTATION.—In carrying out the study conducted under
subsection (b), the Secretary shall consult with—
(1) institutions of higher education that conduct Native
American language immersion programs, including teachers
of such programs;
(2) State educational agencies and local educational agencies;
(3) Indian tribes and tribal organizations, as such terms
are defined by section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and
Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b) that sponsor Native
American language immersion schools; and
(4) experts in the fields of Native American or Alaska
Native language and Native American language medium education, including scholars who are fluent in Native American
languages.
(d) SCOPE OF STUDY.—The study conducted under subsection
(b) shall evaluate the components, policies, and practices of successful Native American language immersion schools and programs,
including—
(1) the level of expertise in educational pedagogy, Native
American language fluency, and experience of the principal,
teachers, paraprofessionals, and other educational staff;
(2) how such schools and programs are using Native American languages to provide instruction in reading, language arts,

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mathematics, science, and, as applicable, other academic subjects;
(3) how such schools and programs assess the academic
proficiency of the students, including—
(A) whether the school administers assessments of language arts, mathematics, science, and other academic subjects in the Native American language of instruction;
(B) whether the school administers assessments of language arts, mathematics, science, and other academic subjects in English; and
(C) how the standards measured by the assessments
in the Native American language of instruction and in
English compare; and
(4) the academic outcomes, graduation rate, and other outcomes of students who have completed the highest grade taught
primarily through such schools or programs, including, when
available, college attendance rates compared with demographically similar students who did not attend a school in which
the language of instruction was a Native American language.
(e) RECOMMENDATIONS.—Not later than 18 months after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education, in
collaboration with the Secretary of the Interior, shall—
(1) develop a report that includes findings and conclusions
regarding the study conducted under subsection (b), including
recommendations for such legislative and administrative
actions as the Secretary of Education considers to be appropriate;
(2) consult with the entities described in subsection (c)
in reviewing such findings and conclusions; and
(3) submit the report described in paragraph (1) to each
of the following:
(A) The Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and
Pensions of the Senate.
(B) The Committee on Education and the Workforce
of the House of Representatives.
(C) The Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate.
(D) The Subcommittee on Indian, Insular and Alaska
Native Affairs of the House of Representatives.

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SEC. 6006. REPORT ON RESPONSES TO INDIAN STUDENT SUICIDES.

(a) PREPARATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Education, in coordination with the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of
Health and Human Services, shall prepare a report on efforts
to address outbreaks of suicides among elementary school and
secondary school students (referred to in this section as ‘‘student
suicides’’) that occurred within 1 year prior to the date of
enactment of this Act in Indian country (as defined in section
1151 of title 18, United States Code).
(2) CONTENTS.—The report described in paragraph (1) shall
include information on—
(A) the Federal response to the occurrence of high
numbers of student suicides in Indian country (as so
defined);
(B) a list of Federal resources available to prevent
and respond to outbreaks of student suicides, including
the availability and use of tele-behavioral health care;

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(C) any barriers to timely implementation of programs
or interagency collaboration regarding student suicides;
(D) interagency collaboration efforts to streamline
access to programs regarding student suicides, including
information on how the Department of Education, the
Department of the Interior, and the Department of Health
and Human Services work together on administration of
such programs;
(E) recommendations to improve or consolidate
resources or programs described in subparagraph (B) or
(D); and
(F) feedback from Indian tribes to the Federal response
described in subparagraph (A).
(b) SUBMISSION.—Not later than 270 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall submit
the report described in subsection (a) to the appropriate committees
of Congress.

TITLE VII—IMPACT AID
SEC. 7001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
20 USC 7702
note.

20 USC
7701–7705.
20 USC
7707–7714.

20 USC 7705,
7707, 7709, 7714.
20 USC 7704.
20 USC 7707,
7710.
20 USC 7707.

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20 USC 7707.
20 USC 7702,
7707, 7710, 7714.
20 USC 7707,
7709.
20 USC 7707,
7709.

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(a) IMPACT AID IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2012.—Section 563(c)
of National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public
Law 112–239; 126 Stat. 1748; 20 U.S.C. 6301 note) (also known
as the ‘‘Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012’’), as amended by
section 563 of division A of Public Law 113–291, is amended—
(1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (4); and
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3), as paragraphs
(1) and (2), respectively.
(b) REPEAL.—Section 309 of division H of the Consolidated
Appropriations Act, 2014 (Public Law 113–76; 20 U.S.C. 7702 note)
is repealed.
(c) TITLE VII REDESIGNATIONS.—Title VIII (20 U.S.C. 7701 et
seq.) is redesignated as title VII and further amended—
(1) by redesignating sections 8001 through 8005 as sections
7001 through 7005, respectively; and
(2) by redesignating sections 8007 through 8014 as sections
7007 through 7014, respectively.
(d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Title VII (as redesignated by
subsection (c) of this section) is further amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘section 8002’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 7002’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘section 8003’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 7003’’;
(3) by striking ‘‘section 8003(a)(1)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7003(a)(1)’’;
(4) by striking ‘‘section 8003(a)(1)(C)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7003(a)(1)(C)’’;
(5) by striking ‘‘section 8003(a)(2)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7003(a)(2)’’;
(6) by striking ‘‘section 8003(b)’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 7003(b)’’;
(7) by striking ‘‘section 8003(b)(1)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7003(b)(1)’’;
(8) by striking ‘‘section 8003(b)(2)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7003(b)(2)’’;

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(9) by striking ‘‘section 8014(a)’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 7014(a)’’;
(10) by striking ‘‘section 8014(b)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7014(b)’’; and
(11) by striking ‘‘section 8014(e)’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘section 7014(d)’’.

20 USC 7702.
20 USC 7703.
20 USC 7707.

SEC. 7002. PURPOSE.

Section 7001, as redesignated by section 7001 of this Act, is
amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘challenging State standards’’ and inserting ‘‘the same challenging State
academic standards’’.

20 USC 7701.

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SEC. 7003. PAYMENTS RELATING TO FEDERAL ACQUISITION OF REAL
PROPERTY.

Section 7002, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking the matter preceding
clause (i) and inserting the following:
‘‘(C) had an assessed value according to original records
(including facsimiles or other reproductions of those
records) documenting the assessed value of such property
(determined as of the time or times when so acquired)
prepared by the local officials referred to in subsection
(b)(3) or, when such original records are not available due
to unintentional destruction (such as natural disaster, fire,
flooding, pest infestation, or deterioration due to age), other
records, including Federal agency records, local historical
records, or other records that the Secretary determines
to be appropriate and reliable, aggregating 10 percent or
more of the assessed value of—’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ‘‘section
8003(b)(1)(C)’’ and inserting ‘‘section 7003(b)(1)(C)’’;
(B) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (B)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(B) SPECIAL RULE.—In the case of Federal property
eligible under this section that is within the boundaries
of 2 or more local educational agencies that are eligible
under this section, any of such agencies may ask the Secretary to calculate (and the Secretary shall calculate) the
taxable value of the eligible Federal property that is within
its boundaries by—
‘‘(i) first calculating the per-acre value of the
eligible Federal property separately for each eligible
local educational agency that shared the Federal property, as provided in subparagraph (A)(ii);
‘‘(ii) then averaging the resulting per-acre values
of the eligible Federal property from each eligible local
educational agency that shares the Federal property;
and
‘‘(iii) then applying the average per-acre value to
determine the total taxable value of the eligible Federal
property under subparagraph (A)(iii) for the requesting
local educational agency.’’;
(3) in subsection (e)(2), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘For each fiscal year beginning on or after the date of enactment
of the Every Student Succeeds Act, the Secretary shall treat

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local educational agencies chartered in 1871 having more than
70 percent of the county in Federal ownership as meeting
the eligibility requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (C) of
subsection (a)(1).’’;
(4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
‘‘(f) SPECIAL RULE.—For each fiscal year beginning on or after
the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, a local
educational agency shall be deemed to meet the requirements of
subsection (a)(1)(C) if the agency was eligible under paragraph
(1) or (3) of section 8002(f) as such section was in effect on the
day before the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds
Act.’’;
(5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) FORMER DISTRICTS.—
‘‘(1) CONSOLIDATIONS.—For fiscal year 2006 and each succeeding fiscal year, if a local educational agency described in
paragraph (2) is formed at any time after 1938 by the consolidation of 2 or more former school districts, the local educational
agency may elect to have the Secretary determine its eligibility
for assistance under this section for any fiscal year on the
basis of 1 or more of those former districts, as designated
by the local educational agency.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—A local educational agency referred to in paragraph (1) is—
‘‘(A) any local educational agency that, for fiscal year
1994 or any preceding fiscal year, applied, and was determined to be eligible under, section 2(c) of the Act of September 30, 1950 (Public Law 874, 81st Congress) as that
section was in effect for that fiscal year; or
‘‘(B) a local educational agency—
‘‘(i) that was formed by the consolidation of 2 or
more districts, at least 1 of which was eligible for
assistance under this section for the fiscal year preceding the year of the consolidation; and
‘‘(ii) which includes the designation referred to in
paragraph (1) in its application under section 7005
for a fiscal year beginning on or after the date of
enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act or any
timely amendment to such application.
‘‘(3) AMOUNT.—A local educational agency eligible under
paragraph (1) shall receive a foundation payment as provided
for under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (h)(1), except
that the foundation payment shall be calculated based on the
most recent payment received by the local educational agency
based on its status prior to consolidation.’’;
(6) in subsection (h)(4), by striking ‘‘For each local educational agency that received a payment under this section
for fiscal year 2010 through the fiscal year in which the Impact
Aid Improvement Act of 2012 is enacted’’ and inserting ‘‘For
each local educational agency that received a payment under
this section for fiscal year 2010 or any succeeding fiscal year’’;
(7) by repealing subsections (k) and (m);
(8) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (j);
(9) in subsection (j) (as redesignated by paragraph (8)),
by striking ‘‘(h)(4)(B)’’ and inserting ‘‘(h)(2)’’;
(10) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (k); and

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(11) in subsection (k)(1) (as redesignated by paragraph
(10)), by striking ‘‘section 8013(5)(C)(iii)’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7013(5)(C)(iii)’’.

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SEC. 7004. PAYMENTS FOR ELIGIBLE FEDERALLY CONNECTED CHILDREN.

Section 7003, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(5)(A), by striking ‘‘to be children’’ and
all that follows through the period at the end and inserting
‘‘or under lease of off-base property under subchapter IV of
chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, to be children
described under paragraph (1)(B), if the property described
is—
‘‘(i) within the fenced security perimeter of the
military facility; or
‘‘(ii) attached to, and under any type of force protection agreement with, the military installation upon
which such housing is situated.’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking subparagraph (E); and
(ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and (G)
as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (B)
through (H) and inserting the following:
‘‘(B) ELIGIBILITY FOR HEAVILY IMPACTED LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—A heavily impacted local educational agency is eligible to receive a basic support
payment under subparagraph (A) with respect to a
number of children determined under subsection (a)(1)
if the agency—
‘‘(I) is a local educational agency—
‘‘(aa) whose boundaries are the same as
a Federal military installation or an island
property designated by the Secretary of the
Interior to be property that is held in trust
by the Federal Government; and
‘‘(bb) that has no taxing authority;
‘‘(II) is a local educational agency that—
‘‘(aa) has an enrollment of children
described in subsection (a)(1) that constitutes
a percentage of the total student enrollment
of the agency that is not less than 45 percent;
‘‘(bb) has a per-pupil expenditure that is
less than—
‘‘(AA) for an agency that has a total
student enrollment of 500 or more students, 125 percent of the average per-pupil
expenditure of the State in which the
agency is located; or
‘‘(BB) for any agency that has a total
student enrollment of less than 500 students, 150 percent of the average per-pupil
expenditure of the State in which the
agency is located or the average per-pupil

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
expenditure of 3 or more comparable local
educational agencies in the State in which
the agency is located; and
‘‘(cc) is an agency that has a tax rate
for general fund purposes that is not less than
95 percent of the average tax rate for general
fund purposes of comparable local educational
agencies in the State;
‘‘(III) is a local educational agency that—
‘‘(aa) has a tax rate for general fund purposes which is not less than 125 percent of
the average tax rate for general fund purposes
for comparable local educational agencies in
the State; and
‘‘(bb)(AA) has an enrollment of children
described in subsection (a)(1) that constitutes
a percentage of the total student enrollment
of the agency that is not less than 30 percent;
or
‘‘(BB) has an enrollment of children
described in subsection (a)(1) that constitutes
a percentage of the total student enrollment
of the agency that is not less than 20 percent,
and for the 3 fiscal years preceding the fiscal
year for which the determination is made, the
average enrollment of children who are not
described in subsection (a)(1) and who are
eligible for a free or reduced price lunch under
the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch
Act constitutes a percentage of the total student enrollment of the agency that is not less
than 65 percent;
‘‘(IV) is a local educational agency that has
a total student enrollment of not less than 25,000
students, of which—
‘‘(aa) not less than 50 percent are children
described in subsection (a)(1); and
‘‘(bb) not less than 5,000 of such children
are children described in subparagraphs (A)
and (B) of subsection (a)(1); or
‘‘(V) is a local educational agency that—
‘‘(aa) has an enrollment of children
described in subsection (a)(1) including, for
purposes of determining eligibility, those children described in subparagraphs (F) and (G)
of such subsection, that is not less than 35
percent of the total student enrollment of the
agency;
‘‘(bb) has a per-pupil expenditure
described in subclause (II)(bb) (except that a
local educational agency with a total student
enrollment of less than 350 students shall be
deemed to have satisfied such per-pupil
expenditure requirement) and has a tax rate
for general fund purposes which is not less
than 95 percent of the average tax rate for

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general fund purposes for comparable local
educational agencies in the State; and
‘‘(cc) was eligible to receive assistance
under subparagraph (A) for fiscal year 2001.
‘‘(ii) LOSS OF ELIGIBILITY.—
‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subclause (II),
a heavily impacted local educational agency that
met the requirements of clause (i) for a fiscal year
shall be ineligible to receive a basic support payment under subparagraph (A) if the agency fails
to meet the requirements of clause (i) for a subsequent fiscal year, except that such agency shall
continue to receive a basic support payment under
this paragraph for the fiscal year for which the
ineligibility determination is made.
‘‘(II) LOSS OF ELIGIBILITY DUE TO FALLING

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BELOW 95 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE TAX RATE FOR
GENERAL FUND PURPOSES.—In the case of a heavily

impacted local educational agency described in
subclause (II) or (V) of clause (i) that is eligible
to receive a basic support payment under subparagraph (A), but that has had, for 2 consecutive
fiscal years, a tax rate for general fund purposes
that falls below 95 percent of the average tax
rate for general fund purposes of comparable local
educational agencies in the State, such agency
shall be determined to be ineligible under clause
(i) and ineligible to receive a basic support payment under subparagraph (A) for each fiscal year
succeeding such 2 consecutive fiscal years for
which the agency has such a tax rate for general
fund purposes, and until the fiscal year for which
the agency resumes such eligibility in accordance
with clause (iii).
‘‘(III) TAKEN OVER BY STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION.—In the case of a heavily impacted local
educational agency that is eligible to receive a
basic support payment under subparagraph (A),
but that has been taken over by a State board
of education in any 2 previous years, such agency
shall be deemed to maintain heavily impacted
status for 2 fiscal years following the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
‘‘(iii) RESUMPTION OF ELIGIBILITY.—A heavily
impacted local educational agency described in clause
(i) that becomes ineligible under such clause for 1
or more fiscal years may resume eligibility for a basic
support payment under this paragraph for a subsequent fiscal year only if the agency meets the requirements of clause (i) for that subsequent fiscal year,
except that such agency shall not receive a basic support payment under this paragraph until the fiscal
year succeeding the fiscal year for which the eligibility
determination is made.
‘‘(C) MAXIMUM AMOUNT FOR HEAVILY IMPACTED LOCAL
EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph (D), the maximum amount that a heavily
impacted local educational agency is eligible to receive
under this paragraph for any fiscal year is the sum
of the total weighted student units, as computed under
subsection (a)(2) and subject to clause (ii), multiplied
by the greater of—
‘‘(I) four-fifths of the average per-pupil
expenditure of the State in which the local educational agency is located for the third fiscal year
preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made; or
‘‘(II) four-fifths of the average per-pupil
expenditure of all of the States for the third fiscal
year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made.
‘‘(ii) CALCULATION OF WEIGHTED STUDENT UNITS.—
‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(aa) PERCENTAGE ENROLLMENT.—For a
local educational agency in which 35 percent
or more of the total student enrollment of
the schools of the agency are children
described in subparagraph (D) or (E) (or a
combination thereof) of subsection (a)(1), and
that has an enrollment of children described
in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of such subsection equal to at least 10 percent of the
agency’s total enrollment, the Secretary shall
calculate the weighted student units of those
children described in subparagraph (D) or (E)
of such subsection by multiplying the number
of such children by a factor of 0.55.
‘‘(bb) EXCEPTION.—Notwithstanding item
(aa), a local educational agency that received
a payment under this paragraph for fiscal year
2013 shall not be required to have an enrollment of children described in subparagraph
(A), (B), or (C) of subsection (a)(1) equal to
at least 10 percent of the agency’s total enrollment and shall be eligible for the student
weight as provided for in item (aa).
‘‘(II) ENROLLMENT OF 100 OR FEWER CHILDREN.—For a local educational agency that has
an enrollment of 100 or fewer children described
in subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall calculate
the total number of weighted student units for
purposes of subsection (a)(2) by multiplying the
number of such children by a factor of 1.75.
‘‘(III) ENROLLMENT OF MORE THAN 100 CHILDREN BUT LESS THAN 1000.—For a local educational
agency that is not described under subparagraph
(B)(i)(I) and has an enrollment of more than 100
but not more than 1,000 children described in subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall calculate the
total number of weighted student units for purposes of subsection (a)(2) by multiplying the
number of such children by a factor of 1.25.

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129 STAT. 2081

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‘‘(D) MAXIMUM AMOUNT FOR LARGE HEAVILY IMPACTED
LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(I) FORMULA.—Subject to clause (ii), the maximum amount that a heavily impacted local educational agency described in subclause (II) is
eligible to receive under this paragraph for any
fiscal year shall be determined in accordance with
the formula described in paragraph (1)(C).
‘‘(II) HEAVILY IMPACTED LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCY.—A heavily impacted local educational
agency described in this subclause is a local educational agency that has a total student enrollment
of not less than 25,000 students, of which not
less than 50 percent are children described in subsection (a)(1) and not less than 5,000 of such children are children described in subparagraphs (A)
and (B) of subsection (a)(1).
‘‘(ii) FACTOR.—For purposes of calculating the maximum amount described in clause (i), the factor used
in determining the weighted student units under subsection (a)(2) with respect to children described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(1) shall be
1.35.
‘‘(E) DATA.—For purposes of providing assistance under
this paragraph, the Secretary shall use student, revenue,
expenditure, and tax data from the third fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the local educational agency
is applying for assistance under this paragraph.
‘‘(F) DETERMINATION OF AVERAGE TAX RATES FOR GENERAL FUND PURPOSES.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in clause
(ii), for the purpose of determining the average tax
rates for general fund purposes for local educational
agencies in a State under this paragraph, the Secretary
shall use either—
‘‘(I) the average tax rate for general fund purposes for comparable local educational agencies,
as determined by the Secretary in regulations; or
‘‘(II) the average tax rate of all the local educational agencies in the State.
‘‘(ii) FISCAL YEARS 2010–2015.—
‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—For fiscal years 2010
through 2015, any local educational agency that
was found ineligible to receive a payment under
subparagraph (A) because the Secretary determined that it failed to meet the average tax rate
requirement for general fund purposes in subparagraph (B)(i)(II)(cc), shall be considered to have met
that requirement, if its State determined, through
an alternate calculation of average tax rates for
general fund purposes, that such local educational
agency met that requirement.
‘‘(II) SUBSEQUENT FISCAL YEARS AFTER 2015.—
For any succeeding fiscal year after 2015, any
local educational agency identified in subclause

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129 STAT. 2082

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
(I) may continue to have its State use that alternate methodology to calculate whether the average
tax rate requirement for general fund purposes
under subparagraph (B)(i)(II)(cc) is met.
‘‘(III) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law limiting the
period during which the Secretary may obligate
funds appropriated for any fiscal year after 2012,
the Secretary shall reserve a total of $14,000,000
from funds that remain unobligated under this
section from fiscal years 2015 or 2016 in order
to make payments under this clause for fiscal years
2011 through 2014.
‘‘(G) ELIGIBILITY FOR HEAVILY IMPACTED LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES AFFECTED BY PRIVATIZATION OF MILITARY HOUSING.—
‘‘(i) ELIGIBILITY.—For any fiscal year, a heavily
impacted local educational agency that received a basic
support payment under this paragraph for the prior
fiscal year, but is ineligible for such payment for the
current fiscal year under subparagraph (B) due to the
conversion of military housing units to private housing
described in clause (iii), or as the direct result of base
realignment and closure or modularization as determined by the Secretary of Defense and force structure
change or force relocation, shall be deemed to meet
the eligibility requirements under subparagraph (B)
for the period during which the housing units are
undergoing such conversion or during such time as
activities associated with base closure and realignment,
modularization, force structure change, or force relocation are ongoing.
‘‘(ii) AMOUNT OF PAYMENT.—The amount of a payment to a heavily impacted local educational agency
for a fiscal year by reason of the application of clause
(i), and calculated in accordance with subparagraph
(C) or (D), as the case may be, shall be based on
the number of children in average daily attendance
in the schools of such agency for the fiscal year and
under the same provisions of subparagraph (C) or (D)
under which the agency was paid during the prior
fiscal year.
‘‘(iii) CONVERSION OF MILITARY HOUSING UNITS TO
PRIVATE HOUSING DESCRIBED.—For purposes of clause
(i), ‘conversion of military housing units to private
housing’ means the conversion of military housing
units to private housing units pursuant to subchapter
IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code,
or pursuant to any other related provision of law.’’;
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause (iii)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(iii) In the case of a local educational agency providing
a free public education to students enrolled in kindergarten
through grade 12, that enrolls students described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (D) of subsection (a)(1) only in
grades 9 through 12, and that received a final payment

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129 STAT. 2083

for fiscal year 2009 calculated under section 8003(b)(3)
(as such section was in effect on the day before the date
of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act) for students in grades 9 through 12, the Secretary shall, in calculating the agency’s payment, consider only that portion
of such agency’s total enrollment of students in grades
9 through 12 when calculating the percentage under clause
(i)(I) and only that portion of the total current expenditures
attributed to the operation of grades 9 through 12 in such
agency when calculating the percentage under clause
(i)(II).’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘subparagraph
(D) or (E) of paragraph (2), as the case may be’’ and
inserting ‘‘subparagraph (C) or (D) of paragraph (2),
as the case may be’’; and
(iii) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(D) RATABLE DISTRIBUTION.—For fiscal years described
in subparagraph (A), for which the sums available exceed
the amount required to pay each local educational agency
100 percent of its threshold payment, the Secretary shall
distribute the excess sums to each eligible local educational
agency that has not received its full amount computed
under paragraphs (1) or (2) (as the case may be) by multiplying—
‘‘(i) a percentage, the denominator of which is the
difference between the full amount computed under
paragraph (1) or (2) (as the case may be) for all local
educational agencies and the amount of the threshold
payment (as calculated under subparagraphs (B) and
(C)) of all local educational agencies, and the numerator of which is the aggregate of the excess sums,
by
‘‘(ii) the difference between the full amount computed under paragraph (1) or (2) (as the case may
be) for the agency and the amount of the threshold
payment (as calculated under subparagraphs (B) or
(C)) of the agency, except that no local educational
agency shall receive more than 100 percent of the
maximum payment calculated under subparagraph (C)
or (D) of paragraph (2).
‘‘(E) INSUFFICIENT PAYMENTS.—For each fiscal year
described in subparagraph (A) for which the sums appropriated are insufficient to pay each local educational agency
all of the local educational agency’s threshold payment
described in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall ratably
reduce the payment to each local educational agency under
this paragraph.
‘‘(F) INCREASES.—
‘‘(i) INCREASES BASED ON INSUFFICIENT FUNDS.—
If additional funds become available under 7014(b) for
making payments under paragraphs (1) and (2) and
those funds are not sufficient to increase each local

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129 STAT. 2084

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
educational agency’s threshold payment above 100 percent of its threshold payment described in subparagraph (B), payments that were reduced under subparagraph (E) shall be increased by the Secretary on the
same basis as such payments were reduced.
‘‘(ii) INCREASES BASED ON SUFFICIENT FUNDS.—If
additional funds become available under section
7014(b) for making payments under paragraphs (1)
and (2) and those funds are sufficient to increase each
local educational agency’s threshold payment above 100
percent of its threshold payment described in subparagraph (B), the payment for each local educational
agency shall be 100 percent of its threshold payment.
The Secretary shall then distribute the excess sums
to each eligible local educational agency in accordance
with subparagraph (D).
‘‘(G) PROVISION OF TAX RATE AND RESULTING PERCENTAGE.—As soon as practicable following the payment of funds
under paragraph (2) to an eligible local educational agency,
the Secretary shall provide the local educational agency
with a description of—
‘‘(i) the tax rate of the local educational agency;
and
‘‘(ii) the percentage such tax rate represents of
the average tax rate for general fund purposes of comparable local educational agencies in the State as determined under subclauses (II)(cc), III(aa), or (V)(bb) of
paragraph (2)(B)(i) (as the case may be).’’; and
(D) in paragraph (4)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘through (D)’’
and inserting ‘‘and (C)’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘subparagraph
(D) or (E)’’ and inserting ‘‘subparagraph (C) or (D)’’;
(3) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(2) EXCEPTION.—Calculation of payments for a local educational agency shall be based on data from the fiscal year
for which the agency is making an application for payment
if such agency—
‘‘(A) is newly established by a State, for the first year
of operation of such agency only;
‘‘(B) was eligible to receive a payment under this section for the previous fiscal year and has had an overall
increase in enrollment (as determined by the Secretary
in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary
of the Interior, or the heads of other Federal agencies)—
‘‘(i)(I) of not less than 10 percent of children
described in—
‘‘(aa) subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D)
of subsection (a)(1); or
‘‘(bb) subparagraphs (F) and (G) of subsection (a)(1), but only to the extent that such
children are civilian dependents of employees
of the Department of Defense or the Department of the Interior; or
‘‘(II) of not less than 100 of such children; and

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

129 STAT. 2085

‘‘(ii) that is the direct result of closure or realignment of military installations under the base closure
process or the relocation of members of the Armed
Forces and civilian employees of the Department of
Defense as part of the force structure changes or movements of units or personnel between military installations or because of actions initiated by the Secretary
of the Interior or the head of another Federal agency;
or
‘‘(C) was eligible to receive a payment under this section for the previous fiscal year and has had an increase
in enrollment (as determined by the Secretary)—
‘‘(i) of not less than 10 percent of children described
in subsection (a)(1) or not less than 100 of such children; and
‘‘(ii) that is the direct result of the closure of a
local educational agency that received a payment under
subsection (b)(1) or (b)(2) for the previous fiscal year.’’;
(4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ‘‘section 8014(c)’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 7014(c)’’;
(5) in subsection (e)—
(A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
(B) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—In the case of any local educational
agency eligible to receive a payment under subsection (b) whose
calculated payment amount for a fiscal year is reduced by
20 percent, as compared to the amount received for the previous
fiscal year, the Secretary shall pay the local educational agency,
for the year of the reduction and the following 2 years, the
amount determined under paragraph (2).
‘‘(2) AMOUNT OF REDUCTION.—Subject to paragraph (3), A
local educational agency described in paragraph (1) shall
receive—
‘‘(A) for the first year for which the reduced payment
is determined, an amount that is not less than 90 percent
of the total amount that the local educational agency
received under subsection (b) for the previous fiscal year;
‘‘(B) for the second year following such reduction, an
amount that is not less than 85 percent of the total amount
that the local educational agency received under subparagraph (A); and
‘‘(C) for the third year following such reduction, an
amount that is not less than 80 percent of the total amount
that the local educational agency received under subparagraph (B).
‘‘(3) SPECIAL RULE.—For any fiscal year for which a local
educational agency would receive a payment under subsection
(b) in excess of the amount determined under paragraph (2),
the payment received by the local educational agency for such
fiscal year shall be calculated under paragraph (1) or (2) of
subsection (b).’’; and
(6) by striking subsection (g).

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129 STAT. 2086

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015

SEC. 7005. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES RELATING TO CHILDREN
RESIDING ON INDIAN LANDS.
20 USC 7704.

Section 7004(e)(9), as redesignated and amended by section
7001 of this Act, is further amended by striking ‘‘Affairs’’ both
places the term appears and inserting ‘‘Education’’.
SEC. 7006. APPLICATION FOR PAYMENTS UNDER SECTIONS 7002 AND
7003.

20 USC 7705.

Section 7005, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in the section heading, by striking ‘‘8002 AND 8003’’
and inserting ‘‘7002 AND 7003’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘or 8003’’ each place it appears and inserting
‘‘or 7003’’;
(3) in subsection (b)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘, and shall contain such information,’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘section 8004’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7004’’; and
(4) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ‘‘section 8003(e)’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 7003(e)’’;
SEC. 7007. CONSTRUCTION.

20 USC 7707.

Section 7007, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (3)(A)(i)—
(i) by redesignating the first subclause (II) as subclause (I);
(ii) in subclause (II), by striking ‘‘section 8008(a)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 7008(a)’’; and
(B) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘section 8013(3)’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 7013(3)’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (3)(C)(i)(I), by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘(cc) Not less than 10 percent of the property
acreage in the agency is exempt from State and
local taxation under Federal law.’’; and
(B) in paragraph (6)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘, in such manner, and accompanied by such
information’’ and inserting ‘‘and in such manner’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting before the
period at the end the following: ‘‘, and containing such
additional information as may be necessary to meet
any award criteria for a grant under this subsection
as provided by any other Act’’; and
(iii) by striking subparagraph (F).
SEC. 7008. FACILITIES.

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20 USC 7708.

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Section 7008(a), as redesignated by section 7001 of this Act,
is amended by striking ‘‘section 8014(f)’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7014(e)’’.

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129 STAT. 2087

SEC. 7009. STATE CONSIDERATION OF PAYMENTS IN PROVIDING STATE
AID.

Section 7009, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘section 8011(a)’’ each place it appears and
inserting ‘‘section 7011(a)’’;
(2) in subsection (b)(1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘or 8003(b)’’ and inserting ‘‘or 7003(b)’’;
and
(B) by striking ‘‘section 8003(a)(2)(B)’’ and inserting
‘‘section 7003(a)(2)(B)’’; and
(3) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ‘‘and contain the
information’’ and inserting ‘‘that’’ after ‘‘form’’.

20 USC 7709.

SEC. 7010. FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION.

Section 7010, as redesignated and amended by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), in the paragraph heading, by
striking ‘‘8003(a)(1)’’ and inserting ‘‘7003(a)(1)’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)(D), by striking ‘‘section 8009(b)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 7009(b)’’; and
(2) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ‘‘section 8014’’ and
inserting ‘‘section 7014’’.

20 USC 7710.

SEC. 7011. ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW.

Section 7011(a), as redesignated by section 7001 of this Act,
is amended by striking ‘‘or under the Act’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘1994)’’.

20 USC 7711.

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SEC. 7012. DEFINITIONS.

Section 7013, as redesignated by section 7001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘and Marine Corps’’ and
inserting ‘‘Marine Corps, and Coast Guard’’;
(2) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘and title VI’’;
(3) in paragraph (5)(A)—
(A) in clause (ii), by striking subclause (III) and
inserting the following:
‘‘(III) conveyed at any time under the Alaska
Native Claims Settlement Act to a Native individual, Native group, or village or regional corporation (including single family occupancy properties
that may have been subsequently sold or leased
to a third party), except that property that is conveyed under such Act—
‘‘(aa) that is not taxed is, for the purposes
of this paragraph, considered tax-exempt due
to Federal law; and
‘‘(bb) is considered Federal property for
the purpose of this paragraph if the property
is located within a Regional Educational
Attendance Area that has no taxing power;’’;
and
(B) in clause (iii)—
(i) in subclause (II), by striking ‘‘Stewart B.
McKinney Homeless Assistance Act’’ and inserting

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C.
11411)’’; and
(ii) by striking subclause (III) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(III) used for affordable housing assisted under
the Native American Housing Assistance and SelfDetermination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.);
or’’.

SEC. 7013. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
20 USC 7714.

Section 7014, as amended and redesignated by section 7001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘$32,000,000 for fiscal
year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for each of
the seven succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$66,813,000
for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, and $71,997,917
for fiscal year 2020’’;
(2) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘$809,400,000 for fiscal
year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for each of
the seven succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$1,151,233,000
for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, and $1,240,572,618
for fiscal year 2020’’;
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) by striking ‘‘section 8003(d)’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7003(d)’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘$50,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and
such sums as may be necessary for each of the seven
succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$48,316,000 for each
of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, and $52,065,487 for
fiscal year 2020’’;
(4) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections
(d) and (e), respectively;
(5) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))—
(A) by striking ‘‘section 8007’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7007’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘$10,052,000 for fiscal year 2000 and
such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001,
$150,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and such sums as may
be necessary for each of the five succeeding fiscal years’’
and inserting ‘‘$17,406,000 for each of fiscal years 2017
through 2019, and $18,756,765 for fiscal year 2020’’; and
(6) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))—
(A) by striking ‘‘section 8008’’ and inserting ‘‘section
7008’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘$5,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and
such sums as may be necessary for each of the seven
succeeding fiscal years’’ and inserting ‘‘$4,835,000 for each
of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, and $5,210,213 for fiscal
year 2020’’.

TITLE VIII—GENERAL PROVISIONS
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SEC. 8001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

(a) TITLE IX REDESIGNATIONS.—Title IX (20 U.S.C. 7801 et
seq.) (as amended by sections 2001 and 4001 of this Act) is redesignated as title VIII and further amended—

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(1) by redesignating sections 9101 through 9103 as sections
8101 through 8103, respectively;
(2) by redesignating sections 9201 through 9204 as sections
8201 through 8204, respectively;
(3) by redesignating sections 9301 through 9306 as sections
8301 through 8306, respectively;
(4) by redesignating section 9401 as section 8401;
(5) by redesignating sections 9501 through 9506 as sections
8501 through 8506, respectively;
(6) by redesignating sections 9521 through 9537 as sections
8521 through 8537, respectively;
(7) by redesignating sections 9541 through 9548 as sections
8551 through 8558, respectively;
(8) by redesignating section 9551 as 8561;
(9) by redesignating sections 9561 through 9564 as sections
8571 through 8574, respectively; and
(10) by redesignating section 9601 as section 8601.
(b) STRUCTURAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Title VIII
(as redesignated by subsection (a) of this section) is further
amended—
(1) by redesignating parts E and F as parts F and G,
respectively;
(2) by striking ‘‘9305’’ each place it appears and inserting
‘‘8305’’;
(3) by striking ‘‘9302’’ each place it appears and inserting
‘‘8302’’; and
(4) by striking ‘‘9501’’ each place it appears and inserting
‘‘8501’’.

20 USC
7801–7803.
20 USC
7821–7824.
20 USC
7841–7846.
20 USC 7861.
20 USC
7881–7886.
20 USC
7901–7917.
20 USC
7491–7948.
20 USC 7961.
20 USC
7971–7974.
20 USC 7941.

20 USC 7801,
7846.
20 USC 7801,
7844, 7845.
20 USC 7882,
7884.

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SEC. 8002. DEFINITIONS.

Section 8101, as redesignated and amended by section 8001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) by striking paragraphs (3), (11), (19), (23), (35), (36),
(37), and (42);
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9),
(10), (12), (13), (14), (15), (16), (17), (18), (20), (21), (22), (24),
(25), (26), (27), (28), (29), (30), (31), (32), (33), (34), (38), (39),
(41), and (43) as paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10),
(11), (12), (13), (14), (18), (19), (24), (26), (27), (29), (20), (30),
(31), (34), (35), (36), (38), (39), (41), (42), (45), (46), (49), and
(50), respectively, and by transferring such paragraph (20) (as
so redesignated) so as to follow such paragraph (19) (as so
redesignated);
(3) by striking paragraphs (11) and (12) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(11) COVERED PROGRAM.—The term ‘covered program’
means each of the programs authorized by—
‘‘(A) part A of title I;
‘‘(B) part C of title I;
‘‘(C) part D of title I;
‘‘(D) part A of title II;
‘‘(E) part A of title III;
‘‘(F) part A of title IV;
‘‘(G) part B of title IV; and
‘‘(H) subpart 2 of part B of title V.
‘‘(12) CURRENT EXPENDITURES.—The term ‘current expenditures’ means expenditures for free public education—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(A) including expenditures for administration, instruction, attendance and health services, pupil transportation
services, operation and maintenance of plant, fixed charges,
and net expenditures to cover deficits for food services
and student body activities; but
‘‘(B) not including expenditures for community services,
capital outlay, and debt service, or any expenditures made
from funds received under title I.’’;
(4) by inserting after paragraph (14) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(15) DUAL OR CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT PROGRAM.—The
term ‘dual or concurrent enrollment program’ means a program
offered by a partnership between at least one institution of
higher education and at least one local educational agency
through which a secondary school student who has not graduated from high school with a regular high school diploma
is able to enroll in one or more postsecondary courses and
earn postsecondary credit that—
‘‘(A) is transferable to the institutions of higher education in the partnership; and
‘‘(B) applies toward completion of a degree or recognized educational credential as described in the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
‘‘(16) EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAM.—The term
‘early childhood education program’ has the meaning given
the term in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965
(20 U.S.C. 1003).
‘‘(17) EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL.—The term ‘early college high school’ means a partnership between at least one
local educational agency and at least one institution of higher
education that allows participants to simultaneously complete
requirements toward earning a regular high school diploma
and earn not less than 12 credits that are transferable to
the institutions of higher education in the partnership as part
of an organized course of study toward a postsecondary degree
or credential at no cost to the participant or participant’s
family.’’;
(5) in paragraph (20) (as so redesignated and transferred
by paragraph (2))—
(A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ‘‘LIMITED
ENGLISH PROFICIENT’’ and inserting ‘‘ENGLISH LEARNER’’;
(B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘limited English proficient’’ and inserting ‘‘English
learner’’; and
(C) in subparagraph (D)(i), by striking ‘‘State’s proficient level of achievement on State assessments described
in section 1111(b)(3)’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging State academic standards’’;
(6) by inserting after paragraph (20) (as so redesignated
and transferred by paragraph (2)), the following:
‘‘(21) EVIDENCE-BASED.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), the term ‘evidence-based’, when used with respect to
a State, local educational agency, or school activity, means
an activity, strategy, or intervention that—

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129 STAT. 2091

‘‘(i) demonstrates a statistically significant effect
on improving student outcomes or other relevant outcomes based on—
‘‘(I) strong evidence from at least 1 welldesigned and well-implemented experimental
study;
‘‘(II) moderate evidence from at least 1 welldesigned and well-implemented quasi-experimental study; or
‘‘(III) promising evidence from at least 1 welldesigned and well-implemented correlational study
with statistical controls for selection bias; or
‘‘(ii)(I) demonstrates a rationale based on highquality research findings or positive evaluation that
such activity, strategy, or intervention is likely to
improve student outcomes or other relevant outcomes;
and
‘‘(II) includes ongoing efforts to examine the
effects of such activity, strategy, or intervention.
‘‘(B) DEFINITION FOR SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FUNDED
UNDER THIS ACT.—When used with respect to interventions
or improvement activities or strategies funded under section 1003, the term ‘evidence-based’ means a State, local
educational agency, or school activity, strategy, or intervention that meets the requirements of subclause (I), (II),
or (III) of subparagraph (A)(i).
‘‘(22) EXPANDED LEARNING TIME.—The term ‘expanded
learning time’ means using a longer school day, week, or year
schedule to significantly increase the total number of school
hours, in order to include additional time for—
‘‘(A) activities and instruction for enrichment as part
of a well-rounded education; and
‘‘(B) instructional and support staff to collaborate, plan,
and engage in professional development (including professional development on family and community engagement)
within and across grades and subjects.
‘‘(23) EXTENDED-YEAR ADJUSTED COHORT GRADUATION
RATE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘extended-year adjusted
cohort graduation rate’ means the fraction—
‘‘(i) the denominator of which consists of the
number of students who form the original cohort of
entering first-time students in grade 9 enrolled in the
high school no later than the date by which student
membership data must be collected annually by State
educational agencies for submission to the National
Center for Education Statistics under section 153 of
the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C.
9543), adjusted by—
‘‘(I) adding the students who joined that
cohort, after the date of the determination of the
original cohort; and
‘‘(II) subtracting only those students who left
that cohort, after the date of the determination
of the original cohort, as described in subparagraph (B); and
‘‘(ii) the numerator of which—

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(I) consists of the sum of—
‘‘(aa) the number of students in the cohort,
as adjusted under clause (i), who earned a
regular high school diploma before, during,
or at the conclusion of—
‘‘(AA) one or more additional years
beyond the fourth year of high school; or
‘‘(BB) a summer session immediately
following the additional year of high
school; and
‘‘(bb) all students with the most significant
cognitive disabilities in the cohort, as adjusted
under clause (i), assessed using the alternate
assessment aligned to alternate academic
achievement
standards
under
section
1111(b)(2)(D) and awarded a State-defined
alternate diploma that is—
‘‘(AA) standards-based;
‘‘(BB) aligned with the State requirements for the regular high school diploma;
and
‘‘(CC) obtained within the time period
for which the State ensures the availability of a free appropriate public education under section 612(a)(1) of the
Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1)); and
‘‘(II) shall not include any student awarded
a recognized equivalent of a diploma, such as a
general equivalency diploma, certificate of completion, certificate of attendance, or similar lesser
credential.
‘‘(B) COHORT REMOVAL.—To remove a student from a
cohort, a school or local educational agency shall require
documentation, or obtain documentation from the State
educational agency, to confirm that the student has transferred out, emigrated to another country, or transferred
to a prison or juvenile facility, or is deceased.
‘‘(C) TRANSFERRED OUT.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘transferred out’ has the meaning given
the term in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of paragraph (25)(C).
‘‘(D) SPECIAL RULES.—
‘‘(i) SCHOOLS STARTING AFTER GRADE 9.—For those
high schools that start after grade 9, the original cohort
shall be calculated for the earliest high school grade
students attend no later than the date by which student membership data is collected annually by State
educational agencies for submission to the National
Center for Education Statistics pursuant to section
153 of the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002
(20 U.S.C. 9543).
‘‘(ii) VERY SMALL SCHOOLS.—A State educational
agency may calculate the extended year adjusted cohort
graduation rate described under this paragraph for
a high school with an average enrollment over a 4year period of less than 100 students for the purposes
of section 1111(c)(4) by—

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129 STAT. 2093

‘‘(I) averaging the extended-year adjusted
cohort graduation rate of the school over a period
of three years; or
‘‘(II) establishing a minimum number of students that must be included in the cohort described
in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) that will provide
a valid graduation rate calculation as determined
by the Secretary, below which the school shall
be exempt from differentiation and identification
under such section.’’;
(7) by inserting after paragraph (24) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(25) FOUR-YEAR ADJUSTED COHORT GRADUATION RATE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘four-year adjusted cohort
graduation rate’ means the fraction—
‘‘(i) the denominator of which consists of the
number of students who form the original cohort of
entering first-time students in grade 9 enrolled in the
high school no later than the date by which student
membership data is collected annually by State educational agencies for submission to the National Center
for Education Statistics pursuant to section 153 of
the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C.
9543), adjusted by—
‘‘(I) adding the students who joined that
cohort, after the date of the determination of the
original cohort; and
‘‘(II) subtracting only those students who left
that cohort, after the date of the determination
of the original cohort, as described in subparagraph (B); and
‘‘(ii) the numerator of which—
‘‘(I) consists of the sum of—
‘‘(aa) the number of students in the cohort,
as adjusted under clause (i), who earned a
regular high school diploma before, during,
or at the conclusion of—
‘‘(AA) the fourth year of high school;
or
‘‘(BB) a summer session immediately
following the fourth year of high school;
and
‘‘(bb) all students with the most significant
cognitive disabilities in the cohort, as adjusted
under clause (i), assessed using the alternate
assessment aligned to alternate academic
achievement
standards
under
section
1111(b)(2)(D) and awarded a State-defined
alternate diploma that is—
‘‘(AA) standards-based;
‘‘(BB) aligned with the State requirements for the regular high school diploma;
and
‘‘(CC) obtained within the time period
for which the State ensures the availability of a free appropriate public education under section 612(a)(1) of the

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1); and
‘‘(II) shall not include any student awarded
a recognized equivalent of a diploma, such as a
general equivalency diploma, certificate of completion, certificate of attendance, or similar lesser
credential.
‘‘(B) COHORT REMOVAL.—To remove a student from a
cohort, a school or local educational agency shall require
documentation, or obtain documentation from the State
educational agency, to confirm that the student has transferred out, emigrated to another country, or transferred
to a prison or juvenile facility, or is deceased.
‘‘(C) TRANSFERRED OUT.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—For purposes of this paragraph,
the term ‘transferred out’ means that a student, as
confirmed by the high school or local educational
agency in accordance with clause (ii), has transferred
to—
‘‘(I) another school from which the student
is expected to receive a regular high school
diploma; or
‘‘(II) another educational program from which
the student is expected to receive a regular high
school diploma or an alternate diploma that meets
the requirements of subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)(bb).
‘‘(ii) CONFIRMATION REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(I) DOCUMENTATION REQUIRED.—The confirmation of a student’s transfer to another school
or educational program described in clause (i)
requires documentation of such transfer from the
receiving school or program in which the student
enrolled.
‘‘(II) LACK OF CONFIRMATION.—A student who
was enrolled in a high school, but for whom there
is no confirmation of the student having transferred out, shall remain in the adjusted cohort.
‘‘(iii) PROGRAMS NOT PROVIDING CREDIT.—Except
as provided in subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)(bb), a student
who is retained in grade or who is enrolled in a program leading to a general equivalency diploma, or
other alternative educational program that does not
issue or provide credit toward the issuance of a regular
high school diploma, shall not be considered transferred out and shall remain in the adjusted cohort.
‘‘(D) SPECIAL RULES.—
‘‘(i) SCHOOLS STARTING AFTER GRADE 9.—For those
high schools that start after grade 9, the original cohort
shall be calculated for the earliest high school grade
students attend no later than the date by which student membership data must be collected annually by
State educational agencies for submission to the
National Center for Education Statistics pursuant to
section 153 of the Education Sciences Reform Act of
2002 (20 U.S.C. 9543).
‘‘(ii) VERY SMALL SCHOOLS.—A State educational
agency may calculate the four-year adjusted cohort

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129 STAT. 2095

graduation rate described under this paragraph for
a high school with an average enrollment over a 4year period of less than 100 students for the purposes
of section 1111(c)(4) by—
‘‘(I) averaging the four-year adjusted cohort
graduation rate of the school over a period of three
years; or
‘‘(II) establishing a minimum number of students that must be included in the cohort described
in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) that will provide
a valid graduation rate calculation as determined
by the Secretary, below which the school shall
be exempt from differentiation and identification
under such section.’’;
(8) by inserting after paragraph (27) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(28) HIGH SCHOOL.—The term ‘high school’ means a secondary school that—
‘‘(A) grants a diploma, as defined by the State; and
‘‘(B) includes, at least, grade 12.’’;
(9) in paragraph (30) (as so redesignated by paragraph
(2)), in subparagraph (C)—
(A) by striking the subparagraph designation and
heading and inserting ‘‘(C) BUREAU OF INDIAN EDUCATION
SCHOOLS.—’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘Affairs’’ both places the term appears
and inserting ‘‘Education’’;
(10) by inserting after paragraph (31) (as redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(32) MIDDLE GRADES.—The term middle grades means any
of grades 5 through 8.
‘‘(33) MULTI-TIER SYSTEM OF SUPPORTS.—The term ‘multitier system of supports’ means a comprehensive continuum
of evidence-based, systemic practices to support a rapid
response to students’ needs, with regular observation to facilitate data-based instructional decisionmaking.’’;
(11) in paragraph (35) (as so redesignated by paragraph
(2)), by striking ‘‘pupil services’’ and inserting ‘‘specialized
instructional support’’;
(12) by striking paragraph (36) (as so redesignated by
paragraph (2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(36) OUTLYING AREA.—The term ‘outlying area’—
‘‘(A) means American Samoa, the Commonwealth of
the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the United
States Virgin Islands;
‘‘(B) means the Republic of Palau, to the extent permitted under section 105(f)(1)(B)(ix) of the Compact of Free
Association Amendments Act of 2003 (Public Law 108188; 117 Stat. 2751) and until an agreement for the extension of United States education assistance under the Compact of Free Association becomes effective for the Republic
of Palau; and
‘‘(C) for the purpose of any discretionary grant program
under this Act, includes the Republic of the Marshall
Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia, to the

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129 STAT. 2096

PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
extent permitted under section 105(f)(1)(B)(viii) of the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003 (Public
Law 108–188; 117 Stat. 2751).’’;
(13) by inserting after paragraph (36) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)), the following:
‘‘(37) PARAPROFESSIONAL.—The term ‘paraprofessional’, also
known as a ‘paraeducator’, includes an education assistant
and instructional assistant.’’;
(14) in paragraph (39) (as so redesignated by paragraph
(2))—
(A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ‘‘and’’ after the
semicolon; and
(B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ‘‘section 1118’’
and inserting ‘‘section 1116’’;
(15) by inserting after paragraph (39) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(40) PAY FOR SUCCESS INITIATIVE.—The term ‘pay for success initiative’ means a performance-based grant, contract, or
cooperative agreement awarded by a public entity in which
a commitment is made to pay for improved outcomes that
result in social benefit and direct cost savings or cost avoidance
to the public sector. Such an initiative shall include—
‘‘(A) a feasibility study on the initiative describing how
the proposed intervention is based on evidence of effectiveness;
‘‘(B) a rigorous, third-party evaluation that uses experimental or quasi-experimental design or other research
methodologies that allow for the strongest possible causal
inferences to determine whether the initiative has met
its proposed outcomes;
‘‘(C) an annual, publicly available report on the
progress of the initiative; and
‘‘(D) a requirement that payments are made to the
recipient of a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement
only when agreed upon outcomes are achieved, except that
the entity may make payments to the third party conducting the evaluation described in subparagraph (B).’’;
(16) by striking paragraph (42) (as so redesignated by
paragraph (2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(42) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.—The term ‘professional
development’ means activities that—
‘‘(A) are an integral part of school and local educational
agency strategies for providing educators (including
teachers, principals, other school leaders, specialized
instructional support personnel, paraprofessionals, and, as
applicable, early childhood educators) with the knowledge
and skills necessary to enable students to succeed in a
well-rounded education and to meet the challenging State
academic standards; and
‘‘(B) are sustained (not stand-alone, 1-day, or short
term workshops), intensive, collaborative, job-embedded,
data-driven, and classroom-focused, and may include activities that—
‘‘(i) improve and increase teachers’—
‘‘(I) knowledge of the academic subjects the
teachers teach;
‘‘(II) understanding of how students learn; and

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129 STAT. 2097

‘‘(III) ability to analyze student work and
achievement from multiple sources, including how
to adjust instructional strategies, assessments, and
materials based on such analysis;
‘‘(ii) are an integral part of broad schoolwide and
districtwide educational improvement plans;
‘‘(iii) allow personalized plans for each educator
to address the educator’s specific needs identified in
observation or other feedback;
‘‘(iv) improve classroom management skills;
‘‘(v) support the recruitment, hiring, and training
of effective teachers, including teachers who became
certified through State and local alternative routes
to certification;
‘‘(vi) advance teacher understanding of—
‘‘(I) effective instructional strategies that are
evidence-based; and
‘‘(II) strategies for improving student academic
achievement or substantially increasing the knowledge and teaching skills of teachers;
‘‘(vii) are aligned with, and directly related to,
academic goals of the school or local educational
agency;
‘‘(viii) are developed with extensive participation
of teachers, principals, other school leaders, parents,
representatives of Indian tribes (as applicable), and
administrators of schools to be served under this Act;
‘‘(ix) are designed to give teachers of English
learners, and other teachers and instructional staff,
the knowledge and skills to provide instruction and
appropriate language and academic support services
to those children, including the appropriate use of curricula and assessments;
‘‘(x) to the extent appropriate, provide training
for teachers, principals, and other school leaders in
the use of technology (including education about the
harms of copyright piracy), so that technology and
technology applications are effectively used in the
classroom to improve teaching and learning in the
curricula and academic subjects in which the teachers
teach;
‘‘(xi) as a whole, are regularly evaluated for their
impact on increased teacher effectiveness and improved
student academic achievement, with the findings of
the evaluations used to improve the quality of professional development;
‘‘(xii) are designed to give teachers of children with
disabilities or children with developmental delays, and
other teachers and instructional staff, the knowledge
and skills to provide instruction and academic support
services, to those children, including positive behavioral interventions and supports, multi-tier system of
supports, and use of accommodations;
‘‘(xiii) include instruction in the use of data and
assessments to inform and instruct classroom practice;

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
‘‘(xiv) include instruction in ways that teachers,
principals, other school leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, and school administrators
may work more effectively with parents and families;
‘‘(xv) involve the forming of partnerships with
institutions of higher education, including, as
applicable, Tribal Colleges and Universities as defined
in section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965
(20 U.S.C. 1059c(b)), to establish school-based teacher,
principal, and other school leader training programs
that provide prospective teachers, novice teachers,
principals, and other school leaders with an opportunity to work under the guidance of experienced
teachers, principals, other school leaders, and faculty
of such institutions;
‘‘(xvi) create programs to enable paraprofessionals
(assisting teachers employed by a local educational
agency receiving assistance under part A of title I)
to obtain the education necessary for those paraprofessionals to become certified and licensed teachers;
‘‘(xvii) provide follow-up training to teachers who
have participated in activities described in this paragraph that are designed to ensure that the knowledge
and skills learned by the teachers are implemented
in the classroom; and
‘‘(xviii) where practicable, provide jointly for school
staff and other early childhood education program providers, to address the transition to elementary school,
including issues related to school readiness.’’;
(17) by inserting after paragraph (42) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(43) REGULAR HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA.—The term ‘regular
high school diploma’—
‘‘(A) means the standard high school diploma awarded
to the preponderance of students in the State that is fully
aligned with State standards, or a higher diploma, except
that a regular high school diploma shall not be aligned
to the alternate academic achievement standards described
in section 1111(b)(1)(E); and
‘‘(B) does not include a recognized equivalent of a
diploma, such as a general equivalency diploma, certificate
of completion, certificate of attendance, or similar lesser
credential.
‘‘(44) SCHOOL LEADER.—The term ‘school leader’ means a
principal, assistant principal, or other individual who is—
‘‘(A) an employee or officer of an elementary school
or secondary school, local educational agency, or other
entity operating an elementary school or secondary school;
and
‘‘(B) responsible for the daily instructional leadership
and managerial operations in the elementary school or
secondary school building.’’;
(18) by inserting after paragraph (46) (as so redesignated
by paragraph (2)) the following:
‘‘(47) SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT PERSONNEL;
SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT SERVICES.—

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‘‘(A) SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT PERSONNEL.—The term ‘specialized instructional support personnel’ means—
‘‘(i) school counselors, school social workers, and
school psychologists; and
‘‘(ii) other qualified professional personnel, such
as school nurses, speech language pathologists, and
school librarians, involved in providing assessment,
diagnosis, counseling, educational, therapeutic, and
other necessary services (including related services as
that term is defined in section 602 of the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401)) as
part of a comprehensive program to meet student
needs.
‘‘(B) SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT SERVICES.—
The term ‘specialized instructional support services’ means
the services provided by specialized instructional support
personnel.’’;
(19) by striking the undesignated paragraph between paragraph (47) (as inserted by paragraph (18)) and paragraph (49)
(as so redesignated by paragraph (2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(48) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,
and each of the outlying areas.’’;
(20) by striking paragraph (50) (as so redesignated by
paragraph (2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(50) TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘technology’ means modern
information, computer and communication technology products,
services, or tools, including, the Internet and other communications networks, computer devices and other computer and
communications hardware, software applications, data systems,
and other electronic content (including multimedia content)
and data storage.’’; and
(21) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(51) UNIVERSAL DESIGN FOR LEARNING.—The term ‘universal design for learning’ has the meaning given the term
in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.
1003).
‘‘(52) WELL-ROUNDED EDUCATION.—The term ‘well-rounded
education’ means courses, activities, and programming in subjects such as English, reading or language arts, writing, science,
technology, engineering, mathematics, foreign languages, civics
and government, economics, arts, history, geography, computer
science, music, career and technical education, health, physical
education, and any other subject, as determined by the State
or local educational agency, with the purpose of providing all
students access to an enriched curriculum and educational
experience.’’.

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SEC. 8003. APPLICABILITY OF TITLE.

Section 8102, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
further amended by striking ‘‘Parts B, C, D, and E of this title
do not apply to title VIII’’ and inserting ‘‘Parts B, C, D, E, and
F of this title do not apply to title VII’’.

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SEC. 8004. APPLICABILITY TO BUREAU OF INDIAN EDUCATION OPERATED SCHOOLS.
20 USC 7803.

Section 8103, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in the section heading, by striking ‘‘BUREAU OF INDIAN
AFFAIRS’’ and inserting ‘‘BUREAU OF INDIAN EDUCATION’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘Bureau of Indian Affairs’’ each place the
term appears and inserting ‘‘Bureau of Indian Education’’.
SEC. 8005. CONSOLIDATION OF STATE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS FOR
ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

20 USC 7821.

Section 8201(b)(2), as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act,
is amended—
(1) in subparagraph (G), by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
(2) in subparagraph (H), by striking the period and
inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(I) implementation of fiscal support teams that provide
technical fiscal support assistance, which shall include
evaluating fiscal, administrative, and staffing functions,
and any other key operational function.’’.
SEC. 8006. CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDS FOR LOCAL ADMINISTRATION.

20 USC 7823.

Section 8203, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘Within 1 year after the
date of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001,
a State’’ and inserting ‘‘A State’’; and
(2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
‘‘(d) USES OF ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency that consolidates administrative funds under this section may use the
consolidated funds for the administration of the programs and
for uses, at the school district and school levels, comparable
to those described in section 8201(b)(2).
‘‘(2) FISCAL SUPPORT TEAMS.—A local educational agency
that uses funds as described in section 8201(b)(2)(I) may contribute State or local funds to expand the reach of such support
without violating any supplement, not supplant requirement
of any program contributing administrative funds.’’.
SEC. 8007. CONSOLIDATED SET-ASIDE FOR DEPARTMENT OF THE
INTERIOR FUNDS.

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20 USC 7824.

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Section 8204, as redesignated and amended by section 8001
of this Act, is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘part A of title VII’’
and inserting ‘‘part A of title VI’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(B) CONTENTS.—The agreement shall—
‘‘(i) set forth the plans of the Secretary of the
Interior for the use of the amount transferred and
the achievement measures to assess program effectiveness, including program objectives; and
‘‘(ii) be developed in consultation with Indian
tribes.’’; and

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129 STAT. 2101

(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.—
‘‘(1) For the purposes of part A of title I, the Secretary
of Interior, in consultation with the Secretary, if the Secretary
of the Interior requests the consultation, using a negotiated
rulemaking process to develop regulations for implementation
no later than the 2017-2018 academic year, shall define the
standards, assessments, and accountability system consistent
with section 1111, for the schools funded by the Bureau of
Indian Education on a national, regional, or tribal basis, as
appropriate, taking into account the unique circumstances and
needs of such schools and the students served by such schools.
‘‘(2) The tribal governing body or school board of a school
funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs may waive, in part
or in whole, the requirements established pursuant to paragraph (1) where such requirements are determined by such
body or school board to be inappropriate. If such requirements
are waived, the tribal governing body or school board shall,
within 60 days, submit to the Secretary of Interior a proposal
for alternative standards, assessments, and an accountability
system, if applicable, consistent with section 1111, that takes
into account the unique circumstances and needs of such school
or schools and the students served. The Secretary of the Interior
and the Secretary shall approve such standards, assessments,
and accountability system unless the Secretary determines that
the standards, assessments, and accountability system do not
meet the requirements of section 1111, taking into account
the unique circumstances and needs of such school or schools
and the students served.
‘‘(3) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary of Interior and
the Secretary shall, either directly or through a contract, provide technical assistance, upon request, to a tribal governing
body or school board of a school funded by the Bureau of
Indian Affairs that seeks a waiver under paragraph (2).’’.
SEC. 8008. DEPARTMENT STAFF.

Title VIII, as redesignated and amended by section 8001 of
this Act, is further amended by adding after section 8204 the
following:

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‘‘SEC. 8205. DEPARTMENT STAFF.

20 USC 7825.

‘‘The Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) not later than 60 days after the date of enactment
of the Every Student Succeeds Act, identify the number of
Department full-time equivalent employees who worked on or
administered each education program or project authorized
under this Act, as such program or project was in effect on
the day before such date of enactment, and publish such
information on the Department’s website;
‘‘(2) not later than 60 days after such date of enactment,
identify the number of full-time equivalent employees who
worked on or administered each program or project authorized
under this Act, as such program or project was in effect on
the day before such date of enactment, that has been eliminated
or consolidated since such date of enactment;
‘‘(3) not later than 1 year after such date of enactment,
reduce the workforce of the Department by the number of

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full-time equivalent employees the Department identified under
paragraph (2); and
‘‘(4) not later than 1 year after such date of enactment,
report to Congress on—
‘‘(A) the number of full-time equivalent employees associated with each program or project authorized under this
Act and administered by the Department;
‘‘(B) the number of full-time equivalent employees who
were determined to be associated with eliminated or
consolidated programs or projects described in paragraph
(2);
‘‘(C) how the Secretary has reduced the number of
full-time equivalent employees as described in paragraph
(3);
‘‘(D) the average salary of the full-time equivalent
employees described in subparagraph (B) whose positions
were eliminated; and
‘‘(E) the average salary of the full-time equivalent
employees who work on or administer a program or project
authorized by the Department under this Act,
disaggregated by employee function within each such program or project.’’.

SEC. 8009. OPTIONAL CONSOLIDATED STATE PLANS OR APPLICATIONS.
20 USC 7842.

Section 8302(b)(1), as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act,
is amended by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’.
SEC. 8010. GENERAL APPLICABILITY OF STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY
ASSURANCES.

20 USC 7844.

Section 8304(a)(2), as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act,
is amended by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’ and inserting ‘‘eligible’’ each
place the term appears.
SEC. 8011. RURAL CONSOLIDATED PLAN.

20 USC 7845.

Section 8305, as redesignated and amended by section 8001
of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(e) RURAL CONSOLIDATED PLAN.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Two or more eligible local educational
agencies, a consortium of eligible local educational service agencies, or an educational service agency on behalf of eligible
local educational agencies may submit plans or applications
for 1 or more covered programs to the State educational agency
on a consolidated basis, if each eligible local educational agency
impacted elects to participate in the joint application or elects
to allow the educational service agency to apply on its behalf.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—For the purposes of this subsection, the term ‘eligible local educational
agency’ means a local educational agency that is an eligible
local educational agency under part B of title V.’’.
SEC. 8012. OTHER GENERAL ASSURANCES.

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20 USC 7846.

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Section 8306(a), as redesignated and amended by section 8001
of this Act, is further amended—
(1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
‘‘whether separately or pursuant to section 8305,’’; and
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘nonprofit’’ each place
it appears and inserting ‘‘eligible’’.

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SEC. 8013. WAIVERS OF STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS.

Section 8401, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(1) REQUEST FOR WAIVER BY STATE OR INDIAN TRIBE.—
A State educational agency or Indian tribe that receives funds
under a program authorized under this Act may submit a
request to the Secretary to waive any statutory or regulatory
requirement of this Act.
‘‘(2) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AND SCHOOL REQUESTS
SUBMITTED THROUGH THE STATE.—
‘‘(A) REQUEST FOR WAIVER BY LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCY.—A local educational agency that receives funds
under a program authorized under this Act and desires
a waiver of any statutory or regulatory requirement of
this Act shall submit a request containing the information
described in subsection (b)(1) to the appropriate State educational agency. The State educational agency may then
submit the request to the Secretary if the State educational
agency determines the waiver appropriate.
‘‘(B) REQUEST FOR WAIVER BY SCHOOL.—An elementary
school or secondary school that desires a waiver of any
statutory or regulatory requirement of this Act shall submit
a request containing the information described in subsection (b)(1) to the local educational agency serving the
school. The local educational agency may then submit the
request to the State educational agency in accordance with
subparagraph (A) if the local educational agency determines the waiver appropriate.
‘‘(3) RECEIPT OF WAIVER.—Except as provided in subsection
(b)(4) or (c), the Secretary may waive any statutory or regulatory requirement of this Act for which a waiver request is
submitted to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection.’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—
(I) by striking ‘‘, local educational agency,’’
and inserting ‘‘, acting on its own behalf or on
behalf of a local educational agency in accordance
with subsection (a)(2),’’; and
(II) by inserting ‘‘, which shall include a plan’’
after ‘‘to the Secretary’’;
(ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F);
(iii) by striking subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D)
and inserting the following:
‘‘(B) describes which Federal statutory or regulatory
requirements are to be waived;
‘‘(C) describes how the waiving of such requirements
will advance student academic achievement;
‘‘(D) describes the methods the State educational
agency, local educational agency, school, or Indian tribe
will use to monitor and regularly evaluate the effectiveness
of the implementation of the plan;

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‘‘(E) includes only information directly related to the
waiver request; and’’; and
(iv) in subparagraph (F), as redesignated by clause
(ii), by inserting ‘‘and, if the waiver relates to provisions
of subsections (b) or (h) of section 1111, describes how
the State educational agency, local educational agency,
school, or Indian tribe will maintain or improve transparency in reporting to parents and the public on student achievement and school performance, including
the achievement of the subgroups of students identified
in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi)’’ after ‘‘waivers are
requested’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)(II), by striking ‘‘(on behalf
of, and based on the requests of, local educational agencies)’’
and inserting ‘‘(on behalf of those agencies or on behalf
of, and based on the requests of, local educational agencies
in the State)’’;
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (A)—
(I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by
inserting ‘‘or on behalf of local educational agencies
in the State under subsection (a)(2),’’ after ‘‘acting
on its own behalf,’’; and
(II) by striking clauses (i) through (iii) and
inserting the following:
‘‘(i) provide the public and any interested local
educational agency in the State with notice and a
reasonable opportunity to comment and provide input
on the request, to the extent that the request impacts
the local educational agency;
‘‘(ii) submit the comments and input to the Secretary, with a description of how the State addressed
the comments and input; and
‘‘(iii) provide notice and a reasonable time to comment to the public and local educational agencies in
the manner in which the applying agency customarily
provides similar notice and opportunity to comment
to the public.’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking clauses (i)
and (ii) and inserting the following:
‘‘(i) the request shall be reviewed and approved
by the State educational agency in accordance with
subsection (a)(2) before being submitted to the Secretary and be accompanied by the comments, if any,
of the State educational agency and the public; and
‘‘(ii) notice and a reasonable opportunity to comment regarding the waiver request shall be provided
to the State educational agency and the public by
the agency requesting the waiver in the manner in
which that agency customarily provides similar notice
and opportunity to comment to the public.’’.
(D) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4) WAIVER DETERMINATION, DEMONSTRATION, AND REVISION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall issue a written
determination regarding the initial approval or disapproval
of a waiver request not more than 120 days after the

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date on which such request is submitted. Initial disapproval
of such request shall be based on the determination of
the Secretary that—
‘‘(i) the waiver request does not meet the requirements of this section;
‘‘(ii) the waiver is not permitted under subsection
(c);
‘‘(iii) the description required under paragraph
(1)(C) in the plan provides insufficient information to
demonstrate that the waiving of such requirements
will advance student academic achievement consistent
with the purposes of this Act; or
‘‘(iv) the waiver request does not provide for adequate evaluation to ensure review and continuous
improvement of the plan.
‘‘(B) WAIVER DETERMINATION AND REVISION.—Upon the
initial determination of disapproval under subparagraph
(A), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(i) immediately—
‘‘(I) notify the State educational agency, local
educational agency (through the State educational
agency), school (through the local educational
agency), or Indian tribe, as applicable, of such
determination; and
‘‘(II) provide detailed reasons for such determination in writing to the applicable entity under
subclause (I) to the public, such as posting in
a clear and easily accessible format to the Department’s website;
‘‘(ii) offer the State educational agency, local educational agency (through the State educational agency),
school (through the local educational agency), or Indian
tribe an opportunity to revise and resubmit the waiver
request by a date that is not more than 60 days after
the date of such determination; and
‘‘(iii) if the Secretary determines that the resubmission under clause (ii) does not meet the requirements
of this section, at the request of the State educational
agency, local educational agency, school, or Indian
tribe, conduct a hearing not more than 30 days after
the date of such resubmission.
‘‘(C) WAIVER DISAPPROVAL.—The Secretary may ultimately disapprove a waiver request if—
‘‘(i) the State educational agency, local educational
agency, school, or Indian tribe has been notified and
offered an opportunity to revise and resubmit the
waiver request, as described under clauses (i) and (ii)
of subparagraph (B); and
‘‘(ii) the State educational agency, local educational
agency (through the State educational agency), school
(through the local educational agency), or Indian
tribe—
‘‘(I) does not revise and resubmit the waiver
request; or
‘‘(II) revises and resubmits the waiver request,
and the Secretary determines that such waiver
request does not meet the requirements of this

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section after a hearing conducted under subparagraph (B)(iii), if such a hearing is requested.
‘‘(D) EXTERNAL CONDITIONS.—The Secretary shall not
disapprove a waiver request under this section based on
conditions outside the scope of the waiver request.’’;
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘, Indian tribes’’
after ‘‘local educational agencies’’;
(B) in paragraph (8), by striking ‘‘subpart 1 of part
B of title V’’ and inserting ‘‘part C of title IV’’; and
(C) by striking paragraph (9) and inserting the following:
‘‘(9) the prohibitions—
‘‘(A) in subpart 2 of part F;
‘‘(B) regarding use of funds for religious worship or
instruction in section 8505; and
‘‘(C) regarding activities in section 8526; or’’;
(4) in subsection (d)—
(A) in the subsection heading, by adding ‘‘; LIMITATIONS’’ after ‘‘WAIVER’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘Secretary determines’’ and inserting
‘‘State demonstrates’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3) SPECIFIC LIMITATIONS.—The Secretary shall not require
a State educational agency, local educational agency, school,
or Indian tribe, as a condition of approval of a waiver request,
to—
‘‘(A) include in, or delete from, such request, specific
academic standards, such as the Common Core State
Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative or any other standards common to a significant number of States;
‘‘(B) use specific academic assessment instruments or
items, including assessments aligned to the standards
described in subparagraph (A); or
‘‘(C) include in, or delete from, such waiver request
any specific elements of—
‘‘(i) State academic standards;
‘‘(ii) academic assessments;
‘‘(iii) State accountability systems; or
‘‘(iv) teacher and school leader evaluation systems.’’;
(5) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
‘‘(e) REPORTS.—A State educational agency, local educational
agency, school, or Indian tribe receiving a waiver under this section
shall describe, as part of, and pursuant to, the required annual
reporting under section 1111(h)—
‘‘(1) the progress of schools covered under the provisions
of such waiver toward improving student academic achievement; and
‘‘(2) how the use of the waiver has contributed to such
progress.’’; and
(6) in subsection (f), by striking ‘‘if the Secretary determines’’ and all that follows through the period at the end
and inserting the following: ‘‘if, after notice and an opportunity
for a hearing, the Secretary—

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‘‘(A) presents a rationale and supporting information
that clearly demonstrates that the waiver is not contributing to the progress of schools described in subsection
(e)(1); or
‘‘(B) determines that the waiver is no longer necessary
to achieve its original purposes.’’.
SEC. 8014. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PLANS AND LOCAL
APPLICATIONS.

Title VIII, as amended and redesignated by section 8001 of
this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 8401 the
following:

‘‘PART E—APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF
STATE PLANS AND LOCAL APPLICATIONS

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‘‘SEC. 8451. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PLANS.

20 USC 7871.

‘‘(a) APPROVAL.—A plan submitted by a State pursuant to section 2101(d), 4103(c), 4203, or 8302 shall be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written determination (which
shall include the supporting information and rationale supporting
such determination), prior to the expiration of the 120-day period
beginning on the date on which the Secretary received the plan,
that the plan is not in compliance with section 2101(d), 4103(c),
or 4203, or part C, respectively.
‘‘(b) DISAPPROVAL PROCESS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall not finally disapprove a plan submitted under section 2101(d), 4103(c), 4203,
or 8302, except after giving the State educational agency notice
and an opportunity for a hearing.
‘‘(2) NOTIFICATIONS.—If the Secretary finds that the plan
is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with section 2101(d),
4103(c), or 4203, or part C, as applicable, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) immediately notify the State of such determination;
‘‘(B) provide a detailed description of the specific provisions of the plan that the Secretary determines fail to
meet the requirements, in whole or in part, of such section
or part, as applicable;
‘‘(C) offer the State an opportunity to revise and
resubmit its plan within 45 days of such determination,
including the chance for the State to present supporting
information to clearly demonstrate that the State plan
meets the requirements of such section or part, as
applicable;
‘‘(D) provide technical assistance, upon request of the
State, in order to assist the State to meet the requirements
of such section or part, as applicable;
‘‘(E) conduct a hearing within 30 days of the plan’s
resubmission under subparagraph (C), unless a State
declines the opportunity for such hearing; and
‘‘(F) request additional information, only as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the plan compliant.
‘‘(3) RESPONSE.—If the State educational agency responds
to the Secretary’s notification described in paragraph (2)(A)
prior to the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the
date on which the State educational agency received the

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notification, and resubmits the plan as described in paragraph
(2)(C), the Secretary shall approve such plan unless the Secretary determines the plan does not meet the requirements
of section 2101(d), 4103(c), or 4203, or part C, as applicable.
‘‘(4) FAILURE TO RESPOND.—If the State educational agency
does not respond to the Secretary’s notification described in
paragraph (2)(A) prior to the expiration of the 45-day period
beginning on the date on which the State educational agency
received the notification, such plan shall be deemed to be disapproved.
‘‘(c) LIMITATION.—A plan submitted under section 2101(d),
4103(c), 4203, or 8302 shall not be approved or disapproved based
upon the nature of the activities proposed within such plan if
such proposed activities meet the applicable program requirements.
‘‘(d) PEER-REVIEW REQUIREMENTS.—Notwithstanding any other
requirements of this part, the Secretary shall ensure that any
portion of a consolidated State plan that is related to part A
of title I is subject to the peer-review process described in section
1111(a)(4).

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20 USC 7872.

‘‘SEC. 8452. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL
AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

‘‘(a) APPROVAL.—An application submitted by a local educational agency pursuant to section 2102(b), 4106, 4204(b) or 8305,
shall be approved by the State educational agency unless the State
educational agency makes a written determination (which shall
include the supporting information and rationale for such determination), prior to the expiration of the 120-day period beginning
on the date on which the State educational agency received the
application, that the application is not in compliance with section
2102(b), 4106, or 4204(b), or part C, respectively.
‘‘(b) DISAPPROVAL PROCESS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The State educational agency shall not
finally disapprove an application submitted under section
2102(b), 4106, 4204(b) or 8305 except after giving the local
educational agency notice and opportunity for a hearing.
‘‘(2) NOTIFICATIONS.—If the State educational agency finds
that the application submitted under section 2102(b), 4106,
4204(b) or 8305 is not in compliance, in whole or in part,
with section 2102(b), 4106, or 4204(b), or part C, respectively,
the State educational agency shall—
‘‘(A) immediately notify the local educational agency
of such determination;
‘‘(B) provide a detailed description of the specific provisions of the application that the State determines fail to
meet the requirements, in whole or in part, of such section
or part, as applicable;
‘‘(C) offer the local educational agency an opportunity
to revise and resubmit its application within 45 days of
such determination, including the chance for the local educational agency to present supporting information to clearly
demonstrate that the application meets the requirements
of such section or part;
‘‘(D) provide technical assistance, upon request of the
local educational agency, in order to assist the local educational agency to meet the requirements of such section
or part, as applicable;

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‘‘(E) conduct a hearing within 30 days of the application’s resubmission under subparagraph (C), unless a local
educational agency declines the opportunity for such a
hearing; and
‘‘(F) request additional information, only as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the application
compliant.
‘‘(3) RESPONSE.—If the local educational agency responds
to the State educational agency’s notification described in paragraph (2)(A) prior to the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the local educational agency received
the notification, and resubmits the application as described
in paragraph (2)(C), the State educational agency shall approve
such application unless the State educational agency determines the application does not meet the requirements of this
part.
‘‘(4) FAILURE TO RESPOND.—If the local educational agency
does not respond to the State educational agency’s notification
described in paragraph (2)(A) prior to the expiration of the
45-day period beginning on the date on which the local educational agency received the notification, such application shall
be deemed to be disapproved.’’.

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SEC. 8015. PARTICIPATION BY PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND
TEACHERS.

Section 8501, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) SPECIAL RULE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Educational services and other
benefits provided under this section for private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel shall be
equitable in comparison to services and other benefits for
public school children, teachers, and other educational personnel participating in the program and shall be provided
in a timely manner.
‘‘(B) OMBUDSMAN.—To help ensure equitable services
are provided to private school children, teachers, and other
educational personnel under this section, the State educational agency involved shall direct the ombudsman designated by the agency under section 1117 to monitor and
enforce the requirements of this section.’’; and
(B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
‘‘(4) EXPENDITURES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Expenditures for educational services and other benefits provided under this section for
eligible private school children, their teachers, and other
educational personnel serving those children shall be equal,
taking into account the number and educational needs
of the children to be served, to the expenditures for participating public school children.
‘‘(B) OBLIGATION OF FUNDS.—Funds allocated to a local
educational agency for educational services and other benefits to eligible private school children shall be obligated

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20 USC 7881.

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
in the fiscal year for which the funds are received by
the agency.
‘‘(C) NOTICE OF ALLOCATION.—Each State educational
agency shall provide notice in a timely manner to the
appropriate private school officials in the State of the
allocation of funds for educational services and other benefits under this subpart that the local educational agencies
have determined are available for eligible private school
children.’’.
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A)
through (H) and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) part C of title I;
‘‘(B) part A of title II;
‘‘(C) part A of title III;
‘‘(D) part A of title IV; and
‘‘(E) part B of title IV.’’; and
(B) by striking paragraph (3); and
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘To ensure’’ and all that follows through ‘‘such
as’’ and inserting ‘‘To ensure timely and meaningful consultation, a State educational agency, local educational
agency, educational service agency, consortium of those
agencies, or entity shall consult with appropriate private
school officials. Such agency and private school officials
shall both have the goal of reaching agreement on how
to provide equitable and effective programs for eligible
private school children, on issues such as’’;
(B) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (E)—
(I) by striking ‘‘and the amount’’ and inserting
‘‘, the amount’’; and
(II) by striking ‘‘services; and’’ and inserting
‘‘services, and how that amount is determined;’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (F)—
(I) by striking ‘‘contract’’ after ‘‘provision of’’;
and
(II) by striking the period at the end and
inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(G) whether the agency, consortium, or entity shall
provide services directly or through a separate government
agency, consortium, or entity, or through a third-party
contractor; and
‘‘(H) whether to provide equitable services to eligible
private school children—
‘‘(i) by creating a pool or pools of funds with all
of the funds allocated under subsection (a)(4)(C) based
on all the children from low-income families in a
participating school attendance area who attend private schools; or
‘‘(ii) in the agency’s participating school attendance
area who attend private schools with the proportion
of funds allocated under subsection (a)(4)(C) based on
the number of children from low-income families who
attend private schools.’’; and

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(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5) DOCUMENTATION.—Each local educational agency shall
maintain in the agency’s records, and provide to the State
educational agency involved, a written affirmation signed by
officials of each participating private school that the meaningful
consultation required by this section has occurred. The written
affirmation shall provide the option for private school officials
to indicate such officials’ belief that timely and meaningful
consultation has not occurred or that the program design is
not equitable with respect to eligible private school children.
If such officials do not provide such affirmation within a reasonable period of time, the local educational agency shall forward
the documentation that such consultation has, or attempts at
such consultation have, taken place to the State educational
agency.
‘‘(6) COMPLIANCE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—If the consultation required under
this section is with a local educational agency or educational service agency, a private school official shall have
the right to file a complaint with the State educational
agency that the consultation required under this section
was not meaningful and timely, did not give due consideration to the views of the private school official, or did
not make a decision that treats the private school or its
students equitably as required by this section.
‘‘(B) PROCEDURE.—If the private school official wishes
to file a complaint, the private school official shall provide
the basis of the noncompliance and all parties shall provide
the appropriate documentation to the appropriate officials.
‘‘(C) SERVICES.—A State educational agency shall provide services under this section directly or through contracts with public and private agencies, organizations, and
institutions, if the appropriate private school officials
have—
‘‘(i) requested that the State educational agency
provide such services directly; and
‘‘(ii) demonstrated that the local educational
agency involved has not met the requirements of this
section in accordance with the procedures for making
such a request, as prescribed by the State educational
agency.’’.
SEC. 8016. STANDARDS FOR BY-PASS.

Section 8502(a)(2), as redesignated and amended by section
8001 of this Act, is further amended by striking ‘‘9503, and 9504’’
and inserting ‘‘8503, and 8504’’.

20 USC 7882.

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SEC. 8017. COMPLAINT PROCESS FOR PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE
SCHOOL CHILDREN.

Section 8503, as redesignated and amended by section 8001
of this Act, is further amended by striking subsections (a) and
(b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(a) PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS.—The Secretary shall
develop and implement written procedures for receiving, investigating, and resolving complaints from parents, teachers, or other
individuals and organizations concerning violations of section 8501
by a State educational agency, local educational agency, educational

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service agency, consortium of those agencies, or entity. The individual or organization shall submit the complaint to the State
educational agency for a written resolution by the State educational
agency within 45 days.
‘‘(b) APPEALS TO SECRETARY.—The resolution may be appealed
by an interested party to the Secretary not later than 30 days
after the State educational agency resolves the complaint or fails
to resolve the complaint within the 45-day time limit. The appeal
shall be accompanied by a copy of the State educational agency’s
resolution, and, if there is one, a complete statement of the reasons
supporting the appeal. The Secretary shall investigate and resolve
the appeal not later than 90 days after receipt of the appeal.’’.
SEC. 8018. BY-PASS DETERMINATION PROCESS.
20 USC 7884.

Section 8504(a)(1)(A), as redesignated by section 8001 of this
Act, is amended by striking ‘‘9502’’ and inserting ‘‘8502’’.
SEC. 8019. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

20 USC 7901.

Section 8521, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by inserting ‘‘, subject to the requirements of subsection (b)’’ after ‘‘for the second preceding fiscal
year’’;
(2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting before the period at
the end the following: ‘‘, if such local educational agency has
also failed to meet such requirement (as determined using
the measure most favorable to the local agency) for 1 or more
of the 5 immediately preceding fiscal years’’; and
(3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ‘‘or a change in the
organizational structure of the local educational agency’’ after
‘‘, such as a natural disaster’’.
SEC. 8020. PROHIBITION REGARDING STATE AID.

20 USC 7902.

Section 8522, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended by striking ‘‘title VIII’’ and inserting ‘‘title VII’’.
SEC. 8021. SCHOOL PRAYER.

20 USC 7904.

Section 8524(a), as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act,
is amended by striking ‘‘on the Internet’’ and inserting ‘‘by electronic
means, including by posting the guidance on the Department’s
website in a clear and easily accessible manner’’.
SEC. 8022. PROHIBITED USES OF FUNDS.

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20 USC 7906.

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Section 8526, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) by striking the section heading and inserting ‘‘PROHIBITED USES OF FUNDS’’;
(2) in subsection (a)—
(A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as
paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively; and
(B) by inserting before paragraph (3) (as redesignated
by subparagraph (A)) the following:
‘‘(1) for construction, renovation, or repair of any school
facility, except as authorized under this Act;
‘‘(2) for transportation unless otherwise authorized under
this Act;’’;

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(3) by striking ‘‘(a)PROHIBITION.—None of the funds authorized under this Act shall be used’’ and inserting ‘‘No funds
under this Act may be used’’; and
(4) by striking subsection (b).
SEC. 8023. PROHIBITIONS.

Title VIII, as redesignated and amended by section 8001 of
this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 8526 the
following:
‘‘SEC. 8526A. PROHIBITION AGAINST FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION,
OR CONTROL.

20 USC 7906a.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—No officer or employee of the Federal Government shall, through grants, contracts, or other cooperative agreements, mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational agency,
or school’s specific instructional content, academic standards and
assessments, curricula, or program of instruction developed and
implemented to meet the requirements of this Act (including any
requirement, direction, or mandate to adopt the Common Core
State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any other academic standards common to a significant number of States, or any assessment, instructional content,
or curriculum aligned to such standards), nor shall anything in
this Act be construed to authorize such officer or employee to
do so.
‘‘(b) FINANCIAL SUPPORT.—No officer or employee of the Federal
Government shall condition or incentivize the receipt of any grant,
contract, or cooperative agreement, the receipt of any priority or
preference under such grant, contract, or cooperative agreement,
or the receipt of a waiver under section 8401 upon a State, local
educational agency, or school’s adoption or implementation of specific instructional content, academic standards and assessments,
curricula, or program of instruction developed and implemented
to meet the requirements of this Act (including any condition,
priority, or preference to adopt the Common Core State Standards
developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any
other academic standards common to a significant number of States,
or any assessment, instructional content, or curriculum aligned
to such standards).’’.
SEC. 8024. PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND USE OF
FEDERAL FUNDS.

Section 8527, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended to read as follows:

20 USC 7907.

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‘‘SEC. 8527. PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND USE OF
FEDERAL FUNDS.

‘‘(a) GENERAL PROHIBITION.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government, including through a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement,
to mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational agency,
or school’s curriculum, program of instruction, or allocation of State
or local resources, or mandate a State or any subdivision thereof
to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid for under this
Act.
‘‘(b) PROHIBITION ON ENDORSEMENT OF CURRICULUM.—Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law, no funds provided
to the Department under this Act may be used by the Department,

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whether through a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement, to
endorse, approve, develop, require, or sanction any curriculum,
including any curriculum aligned to the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative
or any other academic standards common to a significant number
of States, designed to be used in an elementary school or secondary
school.
‘‘(c) LOCAL CONTROL.—Nothing in this section shall be construed
to—
‘‘(1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government, whether through a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement to mandate, direct, review, or control a State, local educational agency, or school’s instructional content, curriculum,
and related activities;
‘‘(2) limit the application of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.);
‘‘(3) require the distribution of scientifically or medically
false or inaccurate materials or to prohibit the distribution
of scientifically or medically true or accurate materials; or
‘‘(4) create any legally enforceable right.
‘‘(d) PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING FEDERAL APPROVAL OR CERTIFICATION OF STANDARDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
Federal law, no State shall be required to have academic standards approved or certified by the Federal Government, in order
to receive assistance under this Act.
‘‘(2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this Act shall
be construed to prohibit a State, local educational agency, or
school from using funds provided under this Act for the development or implementation of any instructional content, academic
standards, academic assessments, curriculum, or program of
instruction that a State, local educational agency, or school
chooses, as permitted under State and local law, as long as
the use of such funds is consistent with the terms of the
grant, contract, or cooperative agreement providing such funds.
‘‘(3) BUILDING STANDARDS.—Nothing in this Act shall be
construed to mandate national school building standards for
a State, local educational agency, or school.’’.
SEC. 8025. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND
STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION.

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20 USC 7908.

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Section 8528, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended by striking subsections (a) through (d) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(a) POLICY.—
‘‘(1) ACCESS TO STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION.—Notwithstanding section 444(a)(5)(B) of the General Education
Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(5)(B)), each local educational
agency receiving assistance under this Act shall provide, upon
a request made by a military recruiter or an institution of
higher education, access to the name, address, and telephone
listing of each secondary school student served by the local
educational agency, unless the parent of such student has submitted the prior consent request under paragraph (2).
‘‘(2) CONSENT.—

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‘‘(A) OPT-OUT PROCESS.—A parent of a secondary school
student may submit a written request, to the local educational agency, that the student’s name, address, and
telephone listing not be released for purposes of paragraph
(1) without prior written consent of the parent. Upon
receiving such request, the local educational agency may
not release the student’s name, address, and telephone
listing for such purposes without the prior written consent
of the parent.
‘‘(B) NOTIFICATION OF OPT-OUT PROCESS.—Each local
educational agency shall notify the parents of the students
served by the agency of the option to make a request
described in subparagraph (A).
‘‘(3) SAME ACCESS TO STUDENTS.—Each local educational
agency receiving assistance under this Act shall provide military recruiters the same access to secondary school students
as is provided to institutions of higher education or to prospective employers of those students.
‘‘(4) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION PROHIBITING OPT-IN PROCESSES.—Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to allow
a local educational agency to withhold access to a student’s
name, address, and telephone listing from a military recruiter
or institution of higher education by implementing an optin process or any other process other than the written consent
request process under paragraph (2)(A).
‘‘(5) PARENTAL CONSENT.—For purposes of this subsection,
whenever a student has attained 18 years of age, the permission
or consent required of and the rights accorded to the parents
of the student shall only be required of and accorded to the
student.
‘‘(b) NOTIFICATION.—The Secretary, in consultation with the
Secretary of Defense, shall, not later than 120 days after the date
of the enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, notify school
leaders, school administrators, and other educators about the
requirements of this section.
‘‘(c) EXCEPTION.—The requirements of this section do not apply
to a private secondary school that maintains a religious objection
to service in the Armed Forces if the objection is verifiable through
the corporate or other organizational documents or materials of
that school.’’.
SEC. 8026. PROHIBITION ON FEDERALLY SPONSORED TESTING.

Section 8529, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended to read as follows:

20 USC 7909.

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‘‘SEC. 8529. PROHIBITION ON FEDERALLY SPONSORED TESTING.

‘‘(a) GENERAL PROHIBITION.—Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law and except as provided in subsection (b), no
funds provided under this Act to the Secretary or to the recipient
of any award may be used to develop, incentivize, pilot test, field
test, implement, administer, or distribute any federally sponsored
national test in reading, mathematics, or any other subject, unless
specifically and explicitly authorized by law, including any assessment or testing materials aligned to the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative
or any other academic standards common to a significant number
of States.

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‘‘(b) EXCEPTIONS.—Subsection (a) shall not apply to international comparative assessments developed under the authority
of section 153(a)(6) of the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002
(20 U.S.C. 9543(a)(6)) and administered to only a representative
sample of pupils in the United States and in foreign nations.’’.
SEC. 8027. LIMITATIONS ON NATIONAL TESTING OR CERTIFICATION
FOR TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL
LEADERS.

Section 8530, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended—
(1) in the section heading, by inserting ‘‘, PRINCIPALS,
OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS’’ after ‘‘TEACHERS’’;
(2) in the subsection heading, by inserting ‘‘, PRINCIPALS,
OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS’’ after ‘‘TEACHERS’’; and
(3) in subsection (a)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘, principals, other school leaders,’’
after ‘‘teachers’’; and
(B) by inserting ‘‘, or incentive regarding,’’ after
‘‘administration of’’.

20 USC 7910.

SEC. 8028. PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING STATE PARTICIPATION.

Title VIII, as redesignated and amended by section 8001 of
this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 8530 the
following:
20 USC 7910a.

‘‘SEC. 8530A. PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING STATE PARTICIPATION.

‘‘Any State that opts out of receiving funds, or that has not
been awarded funds, under one or more programs under this Act
shall not be required to carry out any of the requirements of
such program or programs, and nothing in this Act shall be construed to require a State to participate in any program under
this Act.’’.
SEC. 8029. CIVIL RIGHTS.
20 USC 7914.

Section 8534(b), as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act,
is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘as defined in section 1116 of title I and
part B of title V’’ and inserting ‘‘as defined in section 1111(d)
of title I and part C of title IV’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘grant under section 1116 of title I or
part B of title V’’ and inserting ‘‘grant under section 1111(d)
of title I or part C of title IV’’.
SEC.

8030.

CONSULTATION WITH
ORGANIZATIONS.

INDIAN

TRIBES

AND

TRIBAL

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:

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20 USC 7918.

‘‘SEC.

8538.

CONSULTATION WITH
ORGANIZATIONS.

INDIAN

TRIBES

AND

TRIBAL

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—To ensure timely and meaningful consultation on issues affecting American Indian and Alaska Native students, an affected local educational agency shall consult with appropriate officials from Indian tribes or tribal organizations approved
by the tribes located in the area served by the local educational
agency prior to the affected local educational agency’s submission
of a required plan or application for a covered program under

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this Act or for a program under title VI of this Act. Such consultation shall be done in a manner and in such time that provides
the opportunity for such appropriate officials from Indian tribes
or tribal organizations to meaningfully and substantively contribute
to such plan.
‘‘(b) DOCUMENTATION.—Each affected local educational agency
shall maintain in the agency’s records and provide to the State
educational agency a written affirmation signed by the appropriate
officials of the participating tribes or tribal organizations approved
by the tribes that the consultation required by this section has
occurred. If such officials do not provide such affirmation within
a reasonable period of time, the affected local educational agency
shall forward documentation that such consultation has taken place
to the State educational agency.
‘‘(c) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) AFFECTED LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—The term
‘affected local educational agency’ means a local educational
agency—
‘‘(A) with an enrollment of American Indian or Alaska
Native students that is not less than 50 percent of the
total enrollment of the local educational agency; or
‘‘(B) that—
‘‘(i) for fiscal year 2017, received a grant in the
previous year under subpart 1 of part A of title VII
(as such subpart was in effect on the day before the
date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act)
that exceeded $40,000; or
‘‘(ii) for any fiscal year following fiscal year 2017,
received a grant in the previous fiscal year under subpart 1 of part A of title VI that exceeded $40,000.
‘‘(2) APPROPRIATE OFFICIALS.—The term ‘appropriate officials’ means—
‘‘(A) tribal officials who are elected; or
‘‘(B) appointed tribal leaders or officials designated
in writing by an Indian tribe for the specific consultation
purpose under this section.
‘‘(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall
be construed—
‘‘(1) to require the local educational agency to determine
who are the appropriate officials; or
‘‘(2) to make the local educational agency liable for consultation with appropriate officials that the tribe determines not
to be the correct appropriate officials.
‘‘(e) LIMITATION.—Consultation required under this section shall
not interfere with the timely submission of the plans or applications
required under this Act.’’.
SEC. 8031. OUTREACH AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL
LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:

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‘‘SEC. 8539. OUTREACH AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL
LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

20 USC 7919.

‘‘(a) OUTREACH.—The Secretary shall engage in outreach to
rural local educational agencies regarding opportunities to apply
for competitive grant programs under this Act.

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‘‘(b) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—If requested to do so, the Secretary shall provide technical assistance to rural local educational
agencies with locale codes 32, 33, 41, 42, or 43, or an educational
service agency representing rural local educational agencies with
locale codes 32, 33, 41, 42, or 43 on applications or pre-applications
for any competitive grant program under this Act. No rural local
educational agency or educational service agency shall be required
to request technical assistance or include any technical assistance
provided by the Secretary in any application.’’.
SEC. 8032. CONSULTATION WITH THE GOVERNOR.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
20 USC 7920.

‘‘SEC. 8540. CONSULTATION WITH THE GOVERNOR.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—A State educational agency shall consult
in a timely and meaningful manner with the Governor, or appropriate officials from the Governor’s office, in the development of
State plans under titles I and II and section 8302.
‘‘(b) TIMING.—The consultation described in subsection (a) shall
include meetings of officials from the State educational agency
and the Governor’s office and shall occur—
‘‘(1) during the development of such plan; and
‘‘(2) prior to submission of the plan to the Secretary.
‘‘(c) JOINT SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.—A Governor shall have 30
days prior to the State educational agency submitting the State
plan under title I or II or section 8302 to the Secretary to sign
such plan. If the Governor has not signed the plan within 30
days of delivery by the State educational agency to the Governor,
the State educational agency shall submit the plan to the Secretary
without such signature.’’.
SEC. 8033. LOCAL GOVERNANCE.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
20 USC 7921.

‘‘SEC. 8541. LOCAL GOVERNANCE.

‘‘(a) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this Act shall be
construed to allow the Secretary to—
‘‘(1) exercise any governance or authority over school
administration, including the development and expenditure of
school budgets, unless otherwise authorized under this Act;
‘‘(2) issue any regulation without first complying with the
rulemaking requirements of section 553 of title 5, United States
Code; or
‘‘(3) issue any nonregulatory guidance without first, to the
extent feasible, considering input from stakeholders.
‘‘(b) AUTHORITY UNDER OTHER LAW.—Nothing in subsection
(a) shall be construed to affect any authority the Secretary has
under any other Federal law.’’.

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SEC. 8034. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING TRAVEL TO AND
FROM SCHOOL.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:

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‘‘SEC. 8542. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING TRAVEL TO AND
FROM SCHOOL.

20 USC 7922.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subsection (b), nothing in this
Act shall authorize the Secretary to, or shall be construed to—
‘‘(1) prohibit a child from traveling to and from school
on foot or by car, bus, or bike when the parents of the child
have given permission; or
‘‘(2) expose parents to civil or criminal charges for allowing
their child to responsibly and safely travel to and from school
by a means the parents believe is age appropriate.
‘‘(b) NO PREEMPTION OF STATE OR LOCAL LAWS.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), nothing in this section shall be construed
to preempt State or local laws.’’.
SEC. 8035. LIMITATIONS ON SCHOOL-BASED HEALTH CENTERS.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
‘‘SEC. 8543. LIMITATIONS ON SCHOOL-BASED HEALTH CENTERS.

20 USC 7923.

‘‘Notwithstanding section 8102, funds used for activities under
this Act shall be carried out in accordance with the provision
of section 399z–1(a)(3)(C) of the Public Health Service Act (42
U.S.C. 280h–5(a)(3)(C)).’’.
SEC. 8036. STATE CONTROL OVER STANDARDS.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
20 USC 7924.

‘‘SEC. 8544. STATE CONTROL OVER STANDARDS.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed to
prohibit a State from withdrawing from the Common Core State
Standards or from otherwise revising their standards.
‘‘(b) PROHIBITION.—No officer or employee of the Federal
Government shall, directly or indirectly, through grants, contracts
or other cooperative agreements, through waiver granted under
section 8401 or through any other authority, take any action against
a State that exercises its rights under subsection (a).’’.
SEC. 8037. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROTECTING STUDENT PRIVACY.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:

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‘‘SEC. 8545. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROTECTING STUDENT PRIVACY.

20 USC 7925.

‘‘(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds as follows:
‘‘(1) Students’ personally identifiable information is important to protect.
‘‘(2) Students’ information should not be shared with
individuals other than school officials in charge of educating
those students without clear notice to parents.
‘‘(3) With the use of more technology, and more research
about student learning, the responsibility to protect students’
personally identifiable information is more important than ever.
‘‘(4) Regulations allowing more access to students’ personal
information could allow that information to be shared or sold

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by individuals who do not have the best interest of the students
in mind.
‘‘(5) The Secretary has the responsibility to ensure every
entity that receives funding under this Act holds any personally
identifiable information in strict confidence.
‘‘(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress
that the Secretary should review all regulations addressing issues
of student privacy, including those under this Act, and ensure
that students’ personally identifiable information is protected.’’.
SEC. 8038. PROHIBITION ON AIDING AND ABETTING SEXUAL ABUSE.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:

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20 USC 7926.

‘‘SEC. 8546. PROHIBITION ON AIDING AND ABETTING SEXUAL ABUSE.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—A State, State educational agency, or local
educational agency in the case of a local educational agency that
receives Federal funds under this Act shall have laws, regulations,
or policies that prohibit any individual who is a school employee,
contractor, or agent, or any State educational agency or local educational agency, from assisting a school employee, contractor, or
agent in obtaining a new job, apart from the routine transmission
of administrative and personnel files, if the individual or agency
knows, or has probable cause to believe, that such school employee,
contractor, or agent engaged in sexual misconduct regarding a
minor or student in violation of the law.
‘‘(b) EXCEPTION.—The requirements of subsection (a) shall not
apply if the information giving rise to probable cause—
‘‘(1)(A) has been properly reported to a law enforcement
agency with jurisdiction over the alleged misconduct; and
‘‘(B) has been properly reported to any other authorities
as required by Federal, State, or local law, including title
IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681
et seq.) and the regulations implementing such title under
part 106 of title 34, Code of Federal Regulations, or any succeeding regulations; and
‘‘(2)(A) the matter has been officially closed or the prosecutor or police with jurisdiction over the alleged misconduct
has investigated the allegations and notified school officials
that there is insufficient information to establish probable cause
that the school employee, contractor, or agent engaged in sexual
misconduct regarding a minor or student in violation of the
law;
‘‘(B) the school employee, contractor, or agent has been
charged with, and acquitted or otherwise exonerated of the
alleged misconduct; or
‘‘(C) the case or investigation remains open and there have
been no charges filed against, or indictment of, the school
employee, contractor, or agent within 4 years of the date on
which the information was reported to a law enforcement
agency.
‘‘(c) PROHIBITION.—The Secretary shall not have the authority
to mandate, direct, or control the specific measures adopted by
a State, State educational agency, or local educational agency under
this section.
‘‘(d) CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed
to prevent a State from adopting, or to override a State law,

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regulation, or policy that provides, greater or additional protections
to prohibit any individual who is a school employee, contractor,
or agent, or any State educational agency or local educational
agency, from assisting a school employee who engaged in sexual
misconduct regarding a minor or student in violation of the law
in obtaining a new job.’’.
SEC. 8039. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RESTORATION OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY OVER PUBLIC EDUCATION.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
‘‘SEC. 8547. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RESTORATION OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY OVER PUBLIC EDUCATION.

20 USC 7927.

‘‘It is the Sense of Congress that State and local officials should
be consulted and made aware of the requirements that accompany
participation in activities authorized under this Act prior to a
State or local educational agency’s request to participate in such
activities.’’.
SEC. 8040. PRIVACY.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
‘‘SEC. 8548. PRIVACY.

20 USC 7928.

‘‘The Secretary shall require an assurance that each grantee
receiving funds under this Act understands the importance of privacy protections for students and is aware of the responsibilities
of the grantee under section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) (commonly known as the ‘Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974’).’’.
SEC. 8041. ANALYSIS AND PERIODIC REVIEW; SENSE OF CONGRESS;
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

Subpart 2 of part F of title VIII, as amended and redesignated
by section 8001 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the
end the following:
‘‘SEC. 8549. ANALYSIS AND PERIODIC REVIEW OF DEPARTMENTAL
GUIDANCE.

20 USC 7929.

‘‘The Secretary shall develop procedures for the approval and
periodic review of significant guidance documents that include—
‘‘(1) appropriate approval processes within the Department;
‘‘(2) appropriate identification of the agency or office issuing
the documents, the activities to which and the persons to whom
the documents apply, and the date of issuance;
‘‘(3) a publicly available list to identify those significant
guidance documents that were issued, revised, or withdrawn
within the past year; and
‘‘(4) an opportunity for the public to request that an agency
modify or rescind an existing significant guidance document.

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‘‘SEC. 8549A SENSE OF CONGRESS.

20 USC 7930.

‘‘(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds as follows:
‘‘(1) This Act prohibits the Federal Government from mandating, directing, or controlling a State, local educational

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agency, or school’s curriculum, program of instruction, or allocation of State and local resources, and from mandating a State
or any subdivision thereof to spend any funds or incur any
costs not paid for under this Act.
‘‘(2) This Act prohibits the Federal Government from
funding the development, pilot testing, field testing,
implementation, administration, or distribution of any federally
sponsored national test in reading, mathematics, or any other
subject, unless specifically and explicitly authorized by law.
‘‘(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress
that States and local educational agencies retain the rights and
responsibilities of determining educational curriculum, programs
of instruction, and assessments for elementary and secondary education.
20 USC 7931.

‘‘SEC. 8549B. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EARLY LEARNING AND CHILD
CARE.

‘‘It is the Sense of the Congress that a State retains the right
to make decisions, free from Federal intrusion, concerning its
system of early learning and child care, and whether or not to
use funding under this Act to offer early childhood education programs. Such systems should continue to include robust choice for
parents through a mixed delivery system of services so parents
can determine the right early learning and child care option for
their children. States, while protecting the rights of early learning
and child care providers, retain the right to make decisions that
shall include the age at which to set compulsory attendance in
school, the content of a State’s early learning guidelines, and how
to determine quality in programs.
20 USC 7932.

‘‘SEC. 8549C. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

‘‘If requested by a State or local educational agency, a regional
educational laboratory under part D of the Education Sciences
Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9561 et seq.) shall provide technical
assistance to such State or local educational agency in meeting
the requirements of section 8101(21).’’.
SEC. 8042. EVALUATIONS.
20 USC 7981.

Section 8601, as redesignated by section 8001 of this Act, is
amended to read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 8601. EVALUATIONS.

‘‘(a) RESERVATION OF FUNDS.—Except as provided in subsection
(b) and (e), the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of
the Institute of Education Sciences, may reserve not more than
0.5 percent of the amount appropriated for each program authorized
under this Act to carry out activities under this section. If the
Secretary elects to make a reservation under this subsection, the
reserved amounts—
‘‘(1) shall first be used by the Secretary, acting through
the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, to—
‘‘(A) conduct comprehensive, high-quality evaluations
of the programs that—
‘‘(i) are consistent with the evaluation plan under
subsection (d); and
‘‘(ii) primarily include impact evaluations that use
experimental or quasi-experimental designs, where

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129 STAT. 2123

practicable and appropriate, and other rigorous methodologies that permit the strongest possible causal
inferences;
‘‘(B) conduct studies of the effectiveness of the programs and the administrative impact of the programs on
schools and local educational agencies; and
‘‘(C) widely disseminate evaluation findings under this
section related to programs authorized under this Act—
‘‘(i) in a timely fashion;
‘‘(ii) in forms that are understandable, easily accessible, usable, and adaptable for use in the improvement
of educational practice;
‘‘(iii) through electronic transfer and other means,
such as posting, as available, to the websites of State
educational agencies, local educational agencies, the
Institute of Education Sciences, or the Department,
or in another relevant place; and
‘‘(iv) in a manner that promotes the utilization
of such findings; and
‘‘(2) may be used by the Secretary, acting through the
Director of the Institute of Education Sciences—
‘‘(A) to evaluate the aggregate short- and long-term
effects and cost efficiencies across—
‘‘(i) Federal programs assisted or authorized under
this Act; and
‘‘(ii) related Federal early childhood education programs, preschool programs, elementary school programs, and secondary school programs, under any
other Federal law;
‘‘(B) to increase the usefulness of the evaluations conducted under this section by improving the quality, timeliness, efficiency, and use of information relating to performance to promote continuous improvement of programs
assisted or authorized under this Act; and
‘‘(C) to assist recipients of grants under such programs
in collecting and analyzing data and other activities related
to conducting high-quality evaluations under paragraph
(1).
‘‘(b) TITLE I.—The Secretary, acting through the Director of
the Institute of Education Sciences, shall use funds authorized
under section 1002(e) to carry out evaluation activities under this
section related to title I, and shall not reserve any other money
from such title for evaluation.
‘‘(c) CONSOLIDATION.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
this section or section 1002(e), the Secretary, in consultation with
the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences—
‘‘(1) may consolidate the funds reserved under subsections
(a) and (b) for purposes of carrying out the activities under
subsection (a)(1); and
‘‘(2) shall not be required to evaluate under subsection
(a)(1) each program authorized under this Act each year.
‘‘(d) EVALUATION PLAN.—The Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall, on a biennial basis, develop, submit to Congress, and make publicly available an evaluation plan, that—
‘‘(1) describes the specific activities that will be carried
out under subsection (a) for the 2-year period applicable to
the plan, and the timelines of such activities;

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‘‘(2) contains the results of the activities carried out under
subsection (a) for the most recent 2-year period; and
‘‘(3) describes how programs authorized under this Act
will be regularly evaluated.
‘‘(e) EVALUATION ACTIVITIES AUTHORIZED ELSEWHERE.—If,
under any other provision of this Act, funds are authorized to
be reserved or used for evaluation activities with respect to a
program, the Secretary may not reserve additional funds under
this section for the evaluation of that program.’’.

TITLE IX—EDUCATION FOR THE
HOMELESS AND OTHER LAWS
PART A—HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS
SEC. 9101. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

Section 721 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 11431) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘In any State’’ and all
that follows through ‘‘will review’’ and inserting ‘‘In any State
where compulsory residency requirements or other requirements, in laws, regulations, practices, or policies, may act as
a barrier to the identification of, or the enrollment, attendance,
or success in school of, homeless children and youths, the
State educational agency and local educational agencies in the
State will review’’;
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘alone’’; and
(3) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘challenging State student
academic achievement standards’’ and inserting ‘‘challenging
State academic standards’’.

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SEC. 9102. GRANTS FOR STATE AND LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

Section 722 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 11432) is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) GRANTS FROM ALLOTMENTS.—The Secretary shall make
the grants to States from the allotments made under subsection
(c)(1).’’;
(2) in subsection (d)—
(A) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘To provide’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘that enable’’ and inserting ‘‘To provide services and activities to improve the identification of
homeless children and youths (including preschool-aged
homeless children) and enable’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘or, if’’ and inserting ‘‘including,
if’’;
(B) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘designate’’ and all
that follows and inserting ‘‘designate in the State educational agency an Office of the Coordinator for Education
of Homeless Children and Youths that can sufficiently carry
out the duties described for the Office in this subtitle
in accordance with subsection (f).’’; and
(C) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:

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129 STAT. 2125

‘‘(5) To develop and implement professional development
programs for liaisons designated under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii)
and other local educational agency personnel—
‘‘(A) to improve their identification of homeless children
and youths; and
‘‘(B) to heighten the awareness of the liaisons and
personnel of, and their capacity to respond to, specific
needs in the education of homeless children and youths.’’;
(3) in subsection (e)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘a State through
grants under subsection (a) to’’ after ‘‘each year to’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘funds made available
for State use under this subtitle’’ and inserting ‘‘the grant
funds remaining after the State educational agency distributes subgrants under paragraph (1)’’; and
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (C)(iv)(II), by striking ‘‘sections
1111 and 1116’’ and inserting ‘‘section 1111’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (E)(ii)(II), by striking ‘‘subsection (g)(6)(A)(v)’’ and inserting ‘‘subsection
(g)(6)(A)(vi)’’; and
(iii) in subparagraph (F)—
(I) in clause (i)—
(aa) by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end of subclause (II);
(bb) by striking the period at the end of
subclause (III) and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(cc) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(IV) the progress the separate schools are
making in helping all students meet the challenging State academic standards.’’; and
(II) in clause (iii), by striking ‘‘Not later than
2 years after the date of enactment of the
McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance
Improvements Act of 2001, the’’ and inserting
‘‘The’’;
(4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
‘‘(f) FUNCTIONS OF THE OFFICE OF THE COORDINATOR.—The
Coordinator for Education of Homeless Children and Youths established in each State shall—
‘‘(1) gather and make publicly available reliable, valid, and
comprehensive information on—
‘‘(A) the number of homeless children and youths
identified in the State, which shall be posted annually
on the State educational agency’s website;
‘‘(B) the nature and extent of the problems homeless
children and youths have in gaining access to public preschool programs and to public elementary schools and secondary schools;
‘‘(C) the difficulties in identifying the special needs
and barriers to the participation and achievement of such
children and youths;
‘‘(D) any progress made by the State educational agency
and local educational agencies in the State in addressing
such problems and difficulties; and
‘‘(E) the success of the programs under this subtitle
in identifying homeless children and youths and allowing

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such children and youths to enroll in, attend, and succeed
in, school;
‘‘(2) develop and carry out the State plan described in
subsection (g);
‘‘(3) collect data for and transmit to the Secretary, at such
time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably
require, a report containing information necessary to assess
the educational needs of homeless children and youths within
the State, including data necessary for the Secretary to fulfill
the responsibilities under section 724(h);
‘‘(4) in order to improve the provision of comprehensive
education and related services to homeless children and youths
and their families, coordinate activities and collaborate with—
‘‘(A) educators, including teachers, special education
personnel, administrators, and child development and preschool program personnel;
‘‘(B) providers of services to homeless children and
youths and their families, including public and private
child welfare and social services agencies, law enforcement
agencies, juvenile and family courts, agencies providing
mental health services, domestic violence agencies, child
care providers, runaway and homeless youth centers, and
providers of services and programs funded under the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.);
‘‘(C) providers of emergency, transitional, and permanent housing to homeless children and youths, and their
families, including public housing agencies, shelter operators, operators of transitional housing facilities, and providers of transitional living programs for homeless youths;
‘‘(D) local educational agency liaisons designated under
subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii) for homeless children and youths;
and
‘‘(E) community organizations and groups representing
homeless children and youths and their families;
‘‘(5) provide technical assistance to and conduct monitoring
of local educational agencies in coordination with local educational agency liaisons designated under subsection
(g)(1)(J)(ii), to ensure that local educational agencies comply
with the requirements of subsection (e)(3) and paragraphs (3)
through (7) of subsection (g);
‘‘(6) provide professional development opportunities for local
educational agency personnel and the local educational agency
liaison designated under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii) to assist such
personnel and liaison in identifying and meeting the needs
of homeless children and youths, and provide training on the
definitions of terms related to homelessness specified in sections
103, 401, and 725 to the liaison; and
‘‘(7) respond to inquiries from parents and guardians of
homeless children and youths, and (in the case of unaccompanied youths) such youths, to ensure that each child or youth
who is the subject of such an inquiry receives the full protections and services provided by this subtitle.’’;
(5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) STATE PLAN.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For any State desiring to receive a grant
under this subtitle, the State educational agency shall submit
to the Secretary a plan to provide for the education of homeless

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children and youths within the State. Such plan shall include
the following:
‘‘(A) A description of how such children and youths
are (or will be) given the opportunity to meet the same
challenging State academic standards as all students are
expected to meet.
‘‘(B) A description of the procedures the State educational agency will use to identify such children and
youths in the State and to assess their needs.
‘‘(C) A description of procedures for the prompt resolution of disputes regarding the educational placement of
homeless children and youths.
‘‘(D) A description of programs for school personnel
(including liaisons designated under subparagraph (J)(ii),
principals and other school leaders, attendance officers,
teachers, enrollment personnel, and specialized instructional support personnel) to heighten the awareness of
such school personnel of the specific needs of homeless
children and youths, including such children and youths
who are runaway and homeless youths.
‘‘(E) A description of procedures that ensure that homeless children and youths who meet the relevant eligibility
criteria are able to participate in Federal, State, or local
nutrition programs.
‘‘(F) A description of procedures that ensure that—
‘‘(i) homeless children have access to public preschool programs, administered by the State educational
agency or local educational agency, as provided to other
children in the State;
‘‘(ii) youths described in section 725(2) and youths
separated from public schools are identified and
accorded equal access to appropriate secondary education and support services, including by identifying
and removing barriers that prevent youths described
in this clause from receiving appropriate credit for
full or partial coursework satisfactorily completed
while attending a prior school, in accordance with
State, local, and school policies; and
‘‘(iii) homeless children and youths who meet the
relevant eligibility criteria do not face barriers to
accessing academic and extracurricular activities,
including magnet school, summer school, career and
technical education, advanced placement, online
learning, and charter school programs, if such programs are available at the State and local levels.
‘‘(G) Strategies to address problems identified in the
report provided to the Secretary under subsection (f)(3).
‘‘(H) Strategies to address other problems with respect
to the education of homeless children and youths, including
problems resulting from enrollment delays that are caused
by—
‘‘(i) requirements of immunization and other
required health records;
‘‘(ii) residency requirements;
‘‘(iii) lack of birth certificates, school records, or
other documentation;
‘‘(iv) guardianship issues; or

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‘‘(v) uniform or dress code requirements.
‘‘(I) A demonstration that the State educational agency
and local educational agencies in the State have developed,
and shall review and revise, policies to remove barriers
to the identification of homeless children and youths, and
the enrollment and retention of homeless children and
youths in schools in the State, including barriers to enrollment and retention due to outstanding fees or fines, or
absences.
‘‘(J) Assurances that the following will be carried out:
‘‘(i) The State educational agency and local educational agencies in the State will adopt policies and
practices to ensure that homeless children and youths
are not stigmatized or segregated on the basis of their
status as homeless.
‘‘(ii) The local educational agencies will designate
an appropriate staff person, able to carry out the duties
described in paragraph (6)(A), who may also be a
coordinator for other Federal programs, as a local educational agency liaison for homeless children and
youths.
‘‘(iii) The State and the local educational agencies
in the State will adopt policies and practices to ensure
that transportation is provided, at the request of the
parent or guardian (or in the case of an unaccompanied
youth, the liaison), to and from the school of origin
(as determined under paragraph (3)), in accordance
with the following, as applicable:
‘‘(I) If the child or youth continues to live
in the area served by the local educational agency
in which the school of origin is located, the child’s
or youth’s transportation to and from the school
of origin shall be provided or arranged by the
local educational agency in which the school of
origin is located.
‘‘(II) If the child’s or youth’s living arrangements in the area served by the local educational
agency of origin terminate and the child or youth,
though continuing the child’s or youth’s education
in the school of origin, begins living in an area
served by another local educational agency, the
local educational agency of origin and the local
educational agency in which the child or youth
is living shall agree upon a method to apportion
the responsibility and costs for providing the child
or youth with transportation to and from the school
of origin. If the local educational agencies are
unable to agree upon such method, the responsibility and costs for transportation shall be shared
equally.
‘‘(iv) The State and the local educational agencies
in the State will adopt policies and practices to ensure
participation by liaisons described in clause (ii) in
professional development and other technical assistance activities provided pursuant to paragraphs (5)
and (6) of subsection (f), as determined appropriate
by the Office of the Coordinator.

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‘‘(K) A description of how youths described in section
725(2) will receive assistance from counselors to advise
such youths, and prepare and improve the readiness of
such youths for college.
‘‘(2) COMPLIANCE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each plan adopted under this subsection shall also describe how the State will ensure that
local educational agencies in the State will comply with
the requirements of paragraphs (3) through (7).
‘‘(B) COORDINATION.—Such plan shall indicate what
technical assistance the State will furnish to local educational agencies and how compliance efforts will be coordinated with the local educational agency liaisons designated
under paragraph (1)(J)(ii).
‘‘(3) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The local educational agency serving
each child or youth to be assisted under this subtitle shall,
according to the child’s or youth’s best interest—
‘‘(i) continue the child’s or youth’s education in
the school of origin for the duration of homelessness—
‘‘(I) in any case in which a family becomes
homeless between academic years or during an
academic year; and
‘‘(II) for the remainder of the academic year,
if the child or youth becomes permanently housed
during an academic year; or
‘‘(ii) enroll the child or youth in any public school
that nonhomeless students who live in the attendance
area in which the child or youth is actually living
are eligible to attend.
‘‘(B) SCHOOL STABILITY.—In determining the best
interest of the child or youth under subparagraph (A),
the local educational agency shall—
‘‘(i) presume that keeping the child or youth in
the school of origin is in the child’s or youth’s best
interest, except when doing so is contrary to the
request of the child’s or youth’s parent or guardian,
or (in the case of an unaccompanied youth) the youth;
‘‘(ii) consider student-centered factors related to
the child’s or youth’s best interest, including factors
related to the impact of mobility on achievement, education, health, and safety of homeless children and
youth, giving priority to the request of the child’s or
youth’s parent or guardian or (in the case of an
unaccompanied youth) the youth;
‘‘(iii) if, after conducting the best interest determination based on consideration of the presumption
in clause (i) and the student-centered factors in clause
(ii), the local educational agency determines that it
is not in the child’s or youth’s best interest to attend
the school of origin or the school requested by the
parent or guardian, or (in the case of an unaccompanied youth) the youth, provide the child’s or youth’s
parent or guardian or the unaccompanied youth with
a written explanation of the reasons for its determination, in a manner and form understandable to such
parent, guardian, or unaccompanied youth, including

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information regarding the right to appeal under
subparagraph (E); and
‘‘(iv) in the case of an unaccompanied youth, ensure
that the local educational agency liaison designated
under paragraph (1)(J)(ii) assists in placement or
enrollment decisions under this subparagraph, gives
priority to the views of such unaccompanied youth,
and provides notice to such youth of the right to appeal
under subparagraph (E).
‘‘(C) IMMEDIATE ENROLLMENT.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—The school selected in accordance
with this paragraph shall immediately enroll the homeless child or youth, even if the child or youth—
‘‘(I) is unable to produce records normally
required for enrollment, such as previous academic
records, records of immunization and other
required health records, proof of residency, or other
documentation; or
‘‘(II) has missed application or enrollment
deadlines during any period of homelessness.
‘‘(ii) RELEVANT ACADEMIC RECORDS.—The enrolling
school shall immediately contact the school last
attended by the child or youth to obtain relevant academic and other records.
‘‘(iii) RELEVANT HEALTH RECORDS.—If the child or
youth needs to obtain immunizations or other required
health records, the enrolling school shall immediately
refer the parent or guardian of the child or youth,
or (in the case of an unaccompanied youth) the youth,
to the local educational agency liaison designated
under paragraph (1)(J)(ii), who shall assist in obtaining
necessary immunizations or screenings, or immunization or other required health records, in accordance
with subparagraph (D).
‘‘(D) RECORDS.—Any record ordinarily kept by the
school, including immunization or other required health
records, academic records, birth certificates, guardianship
records, and evaluations for special services or programs,
regarding each homeless child or youth shall be maintained—
‘‘(i) so that the records involved are available, in
a timely fashion, when a child or youth enters a new
school or school district; and
‘‘(ii) in a manner consistent with section 444 of
the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C.
1232g).
‘‘(E) ENROLLMENT DISPUTES.—If a dispute arises over
eligibility, or school selection or enrollment in a school—
‘‘(i) the child or youth shall be immediately enrolled
in the school in which enrollment is sought, pending
final resolution of the dispute, including all available
appeals;
‘‘(ii) the parent or guardian of the child or youth
or (in the case of an unaccompanied youth) the youth
shall be provided with a written explanation of any
decisions related to school selection or enrollment made
by the school, the local educational agency, or the

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129 STAT. 2131

State educational agency involved, including the rights
of the parent, guardian, or unaccompanied youth to
appeal such decisions;
‘‘(iii) the parent, guardian, or unaccompanied youth
shall be referred to the local educational agency liaison
designated under paragraph (1)(J)(ii), who shall carry
out the dispute resolution process as described in paragraph (1)(C) as expeditiously as possible after receiving
notice of the dispute; and
‘‘(iv) in the case of an unaccompanied youth, the
liaison shall ensure that the youth is immediately
enrolled in the school in which the youth seeks enrollment pending resolution of such dispute.
‘‘(F) PLACEMENT CHOICE.—The choice regarding placement shall be made regardless of whether the child or
youth lives with the homeless parents or has been temporarily placed elsewhere.
‘‘(G) PRIVACY.—Information about a homeless child’s
or youth’s living situation shall be treated as a student
education record, and shall not be deemed to be directory
information, under section 444 of the General Education
Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g).
‘‘(H) CONTACT INFORMATION.—Nothing in this subtitle
shall prohibit a local educational agency from requiring
a parent or guardian of a homeless child or youth to submit
contact information.
‘‘(I) SCHOOL OF ORIGIN DEFINED.—In this paragraph:
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘school of origin’ means
the school that a child or youth attended when permanently housed or the school in which the child or
youth was last enrolled, including a preschool.
‘‘(ii) RECEIVING SCHOOL.—When the child or youth
completes the final grade level served by the school
of origin, as described in clause (i), the term ‘‘school
of origin’’ shall include the designated receiving school
at the next grade level for all feeder schools.
‘‘(4) COMPARABLE SERVICES.—Each homeless child or youth
to be assisted under this subtitle shall be provided services
comparable to services offered to other students in the school
selected under paragraph (3), including the following:
‘‘(A) Transportation services.
‘‘(B) Educational services for which the child or youth
meets the eligibility criteria, such as services provided
under title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) or similar State or
local programs, educational programs for children with
disabilities, and educational programs for English learners.
‘‘(C) Programs in career and technical education.
‘‘(D) Programs for gifted and talented students.
‘‘(E) School nutrition programs.
‘‘(5) COORDINATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each local educational agency
serving homeless children and youths that receives assistance under this subtitle shall coordinate—
‘‘(i) the provision of services under this subtitle
with local social services agencies and other agencies
or entities providing services to homeless children and

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youths and their families, including services and programs funded under the Runaway and Homeless Youth
Act (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.); and
‘‘(ii) transportation, transfer of school records, and
other interdistrict activities, with other local educational agencies.
‘‘(B) HOUSING ASSISTANCE.—If applicable, each State
educational agency and local educational agency that
receives assistance under this subtitle shall coordinate with
State and local housing agencies responsible for developing
the comprehensive housing affordability strategy described
in section 105 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12705) to minimize educational
disruption for children and youths who become homeless.
‘‘(C) COORDINATION PURPOSE.—The coordination
required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be designed
to—
‘‘(i) ensure that all homeless children and youths
are promptly identified;
‘‘(ii) ensure that all homeless children and youths
have access to, and are in reasonable proximity to,
available education and related support services; and
‘‘(iii) raise the awareness of school personnel and
service providers of the effects of short-term stays in
a shelter and other challenges associated with
homelessness.
‘‘(D) HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS WITH DISABILITIES.—For children and youths who are to be assisted
both under this subtitle, and under the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.) or section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794),
each local educational agency shall coordinate the provision
of services under this subtitle with the provision of programs for children with disabilities served by that local
educational agency and other involved local educational
agencies.
‘‘(6) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY LIAISON.—
‘‘(A) DUTIES.—Each local educational agency liaison
for homeless children and youths, designated under paragraph (1)(J)(ii), shall ensure that—
‘‘(i) homeless children and youths are identified
by school personnel through outreach and coordination
activities with other entities and agencies;
‘‘(ii) homeless children and youths are enrolled
in, and have a full and equal opportunity to succeed
in, schools of that local educational agency;
‘‘(iii) homeless families and homeless children and
youths have access to and receive educational services
for which such families, children, and youths are
eligible, including services through Head Start programs (including Early Head Start programs) under
the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.), early
intervention services under part C of the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1431 et
seq.), and other preschool programs administered by
the local educational agency;

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129 STAT. 2133

‘‘(iv) homeless families and homeless children and
youths receive referrals to health care services, dental
services, mental health and substance abuse services,
housing services, and other appropriate services;
‘‘(v) the parents or guardians of homeless children
and youths are informed of the educational and related
opportunities available to their children and are provided with meaningful opportunities to participate in
the education of their children;
‘‘(vi) public notice of the educational rights of
homeless children and youths is disseminated in locations frequented by parents or guardians of such children and youths, and unaccompanied youths, including
schools, shelters, public libraries, and soup kitchens,
in a manner and form understandable to the parents
and guardians of homeless children and youths, and
unaccompanied youths;
‘‘(vii) enrollment disputes are mediated in accordance with paragraph (3)(E);
‘‘(viii) the parent or guardian of a homeless child
or youth, and any unaccompanied youth, is fully
informed of all transportation services, including
transportation to the school of origin, as described
in paragraph (1)(J)(iii), and is assisted in accessing
transportation to the school that is selected under paragraph (3)(A);
‘‘(ix) school personnel providing services under this
subtitle receive professional development and other
support; and
‘‘(x) unaccompanied youths—
‘‘(I) are enrolled in school;
‘‘(II) have opportunities to meet the same challenging State academic standards as the State
establishes for other children and youth, including
through implementation of the procedures under
paragraph (1)(F)(ii); and
‘‘(III) are informed of their status as independent students under section 480 of the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087vv) and that
the youths may obtain assistance from the local
educational agency liaison to receive verification
of such status for purposes of the Free Application
for Federal Student Aid described in section 483
of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1090).
‘‘(B) NOTICE.—State Coordinators established under
subsection (d)(3) and local educational agencies shall inform
school personnel, service providers, advocates working with
homeless families, parents and guardians of homeless children and youths, and homeless children and youths of
the duties of the local educational agency liaisons, and
publish an annually updated list of the liaisons on the
State educational agency’s website.
‘‘(C) LOCAL AND STATE COORDINATION.—Local educational agency liaisons for homeless children and youths
shall, as a part of their duties, coordinate and collaborate
with State Coordinators and community and school personnel responsible for the provision of education and

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related services to homeless children and youths. Such
coordination shall include collecting and providing to the
State Coordinator the reliable, valid, and comprehensive
data needed to meet the requirements of paragraphs (1)
and (3) of subsection (f).
‘‘(D) HOMELESS STATUS.—A local educational agency
liaison designated under paragraph (1)(J)(ii) who receives
training described in subsection (f)(6) may affirm, without
further agency action by the Department of Housing and
Urban Development, that a child or youth who is eligible
for and participating in a program provided by the local
educational agency, or the immediate family of such a
child or youth, who meets the eligibility requirements of
this Act for a program or service authorized under title
IV, is eligible for such program or service.
‘‘(7) REVIEW AND REVISIONS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State educational agency and
local educational agency that receives assistance under this
subtitle shall review and revise any policies that may act
as barriers to the identification of homeless children and
youths or the enrollment of homeless children and youths
in schools that are selected under paragraph (3).
‘‘(B) CONSIDERATION.—In reviewing and revising such
policies, consideration shall be given to issues concerning
transportation, immunization, residency, birth certificates,
school records and other documentation, and guardianship.
‘‘(C) SPECIAL ATTENTION.—Special attention shall be
given to ensuring the identification, enrollment, and attendance of homeless children and youths who are not currently
attending school.’’; and
(6) by striking subsection (h).

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SEC. 9103. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY SUBGRANTS.

Section 723 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11433) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘facilitating the enrollment,’’ and inserting ‘‘facilitating the identification, enrollment,’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding clause
(i), by inserting ‘‘the related’’ before ‘‘schools’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4) DURATION OF GRANTS.—Subgrants made under this
section shall be for terms of not to exceed 3 years.’’;
(2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(6) An assurance that the local educational agency will
collect and promptly provide data requested by the State
Coordinator pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 722(f).
‘‘(7) An assurance that the local educational agency will
meet the requirements of section 722(g)(3).’’;
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (2)—
(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by
striking ‘‘preschool, elementary, and secondary schools’’
and inserting ‘‘early childhood education and other preschool programs, elementary schools, and secondary
schools,’’;

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129 STAT. 2135

(ii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ‘‘identification,’’ before ‘‘enrollment,’’;
(iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘application—
’’ and all that follows and inserting ‘‘application reflects
coordination with other local and State agencies that
serve homeless children and youths.’’; and
(iv) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ‘‘(as of the
date of submission of the application)’’ after ‘‘practice’’;
(B) in paragraph (3)—
(i) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ‘‘extent to
which the applicant will promote meaningful’’ after
‘‘The’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ‘‘within’’ and
inserting ‘‘into’’;
(iii) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as subparagraph (I);
(iv) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:
‘‘(G) The extent to which the local educational agency
will use the subgrant to leverage resources, including by
maximizing nonsubgrant funding for the position of the
liaison described in section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) and the provision
of transportation.
‘‘(H) How the local educational agency will use funds
to serve homeless children and youths under section
1113(c)(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6313(c)(3)).’’; and
(v) in subparagraph (I), as redesignated by clause
(iii), by striking ‘‘Such’’ and inserting ‘‘The extent to
which the applicant’s program meets such’’; and
(C) by striking paragraph (4); and
(4) in subsection (d)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘the same challenging
State academic content standards and challenging State
student academic achievement standards’’ and inserting
‘‘the same challenging State academic standards as’’;
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘students with limited English proficiency’’ and inserting ‘‘English learners’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘vocational’’ and inserting ‘‘career’’;
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘pupil services’’ and
inserting ‘‘specialized instructional support’’;
(D) in paragraph (7), by striking ‘‘and unaccompanied
youths,’’ and inserting ‘‘particularly homeless children and
youths who are not enrolled in school,’’;
(E) in paragraph (9) by striking ‘‘medical’’ and inserting
‘‘other required health’’;
(F) in paragraph (10)—
(i) by striking ‘‘parents’’ and inserting ‘‘parents
and guardians’’; and
(ii) by inserting before the period at the end ‘‘,
and other activities designed to increase the meaningful involvement of parents and guardians of homeless
children or youths in the education of such children
or youths’’;
(G) in paragraph (12), by striking ‘‘pupil services’’ and
inserting ‘‘specialized instructional support services’’;

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(H) in paragraph (13), by inserting before the period
at the end ‘‘and parental mental health or substance abuse
problems’’; and
(I) in paragraph (16), by inserting before the period
at the end ‘‘and participate fully in school activities’’.

SEC. 9104. SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITIES.

Section 724 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 11434) is amended—
(1) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
‘‘(c) NOTICE.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall, before the next
school year that begins after the date of enactment of the
Every Student Succeeds Act, update and disseminate nationwide the public notice described in this subsection (as in effect
prior to such date) of the educational rights of homeless children
and youths.
‘‘(2) DISSEMINATION.—The Secretary shall disseminate the
notice nationwide to all Federal agencies, and grant recipients,
serving homeless families or homeless children and youths.’’;
(2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
‘‘(d) EVALUATION, DISSEMINATION, AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary shall conduct evaluation, dissemination, and
technical assistance activities for programs designed to meet the
educational needs of homeless elementary and secondary school
students, and may use funds appropriated under section 726 to
conduct such activities.’’;
(3) in subsection (e)—
(A) by striking ‘‘60-day’’ and inserting ‘‘120-day’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘120-day’’ and inserting ‘‘180-day’’;
(4) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘The Secretary shall provide support and technical assistance
to State educational agencies, concerning areas in which documented barriers to a free appropriate public education persist.’’;
(5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) GUIDELINES.—The Secretary shall develop, issue, and publish in the Federal Register, not later than 60 days after the
date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, guidelines
concerning ways in which a State—
‘‘(1) may assist local educational agencies to implement
the provisions related to homeless children and youths amended
by that Act; and
‘‘(2) may review and revise State policies and procedures
that may present barriers to the identification of homeless
children and youths, and the enrollment, attendance, and success of homeless children and youths in school.’’;
(6) in subsection (h)(1)(A)—
(A) by striking ‘‘location’’ and inserting ‘‘primary nighttime residence’’; and
(B) by inserting ‘‘in all areas served by local educational
agencies’’ before the semicolon at the end; and
(7) in subsection (i), by striking ‘‘McKinney-Vento Homeless
Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001’’ and inserting
‘‘Every Student Succeeds Act’’.
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SEC. 9105. DEFINITIONS.

(a) AMENDMENTS.—Section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11434a) is amended—

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(1) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘or’’ before ‘‘are abandoned’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘or are awaiting foster care placement;’’;
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘9101’’ and inserting
‘‘8101’’; and
(3) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘youth not’’ and inserting
‘‘homeless child or youth not’’.
(b) EFFECTIVE DATE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a State that is not a
covered State, the amendment made by subsection (a)(1) shall
take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of enactment
of this Act.
(2) COVERED STATE.—In the case of a covered State, the
amendment made by subsection (a)(1) shall take effect on the
date that is 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act.
(c) COVERED STATE.—For purposes of this section the term
‘‘covered State’’ means a State that has a statutory law that defines
or describes the phrase ‘‘awaiting foster care placement’’, for purposes of a program under subtitle B of title VII of the McKinneyVento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.).

42 USC 1143a
note.

42 USC 1143a
note.

SEC. 9106. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

Section 726 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 11435) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 726. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
subtitle $85,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.’’.
SEC. 9107. EFFECTIVE DATE.

Except as provided in section 9105(b) or as otherwise provided
in this Act, this title and the amendments made by this title
take effect on October 1, 2016.

42 USC 11431
note.

PART B—MISCELLANEOUS; OTHER LAWS

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SEC. 9201. FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds the following:
(1) There are significant anecdotal reports that some
schools and local educational agencies have failed to properly
report allegations of sexual misconduct by employees, contractors, or agents.
(2) Instead of reporting alleged sexual misconduct to the
appropriate authorities, such as the police or child welfare
services, reports suggest that some schools or local educational
agencies have kept information on allegations of sexual misconduct private or have entered into confidentiality agreements
with the suspected employee, contractor, or agent who agrees
to terminate employment with or discontinue work for the
school or local educational agency.
(3) The practice of withholding information on allegations
of sexual misconduct can facilitate the exposure of other students in other jurisdictions to sexual misconduct.
(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that—
(1) confidentiality agreements between local educational
agencies or schools and child predators should be prohibited;

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(2) local educational agencies or schools should not facilitate
the transfer of child predators to other local educational agencies or schools; and
(3) States should require local educational agencies and
schools to report any and all information regarding allegations
of sexual misconduct to law enforcement and other appropriate
authorities.

SEC. 9202. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS.

It is the sense of Congress that a student, teacher, school
administrator, or other school employee of an elementary school
or secondary school retains the individual’s rights under the First
Amendment to the Constitution of the United States during the
school day or while on the grounds of an elementary school or
secondary school.
20 USC 7933.

SEC. 9203. PREVENTING IMPROPER USE OF TAXPAYER FUNDS.

To address the misuse of taxpayer funds, the Secretary of
Education shall—
(1) require that each recipient of a grant or subgrant under
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.
6301 et seq.) display, in a public place, the hotline contact
information of the Office of Inspector General of the Department
of Education so that any individual who observes, detects,
or suspects improper use of taxpayer funds can easily report
such improper use;
(2) annually notify employees of the Department of Education of their responsibility to report fraud; and
(3) require any applicant—
(A) for a grant under such Act to provide an assurance
to the Secretary that any information submitted when
applying for such grant and responding to monitoring and
compliance reviews is truthful and accurate; and
(B) for a subgrant under such Act to provide the assurance described in subparagraph (A) to the entity awarding
the subgrant.

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20 USC 7934.

SEC. 9204. ACCOUNTABILITY TO TAXPAYERS THROUGH MONITORING
AND OVERSIGHT.

To improve monitoring and oversight of taxpayer funds authorized for appropriation under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), and to deter and
prohibit waste, fraud, and abuse with respect to such funds, the
Secretary of Education shall—
(1) notify each recipient of a grant under such Act (and,
if applicable, require the grantee to inform each subgrantee)
of its responsibility to—
(A) comply with all monitoring requirements under
the applicable program or programs; and
(B) monitor properly any subgrantee under the
applicable program or programs;
(2) review and analyze the results of monitoring and compliance reviews—
(A) to understand trends and identify common issues;
and
(B) to issue guidance to help grantees address such
issues before the loss or misuse of taxpayer funding occurs;

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(3) publicly report the work undertaken by the Secretary
to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse with respect to such taxpayer funds; and
(4) work with the Office of Inspector General of the Department of Education, as needed, to help ensure that employees
of the Department understand how to adequately monitor
grantees and to help grantees adequately monitor any subgrantees.
SEC. 9205. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT ACTIONS TO ADDRESS OFFICE
OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORTS.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 6 months after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall prepare
and submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and
Pensions of the Senate, the Committee on Education and the
Workforce of the House of Representatives, and the public through
the website of the Department of Education, a report containing
an update on the Department’s implementation of recommendations
contained in reports from the Office of Inspector General of the
Department of Education.
(b) CONTENTS.—The report under subsection (a) shall include—
(1) a general review of the work of the Department of
Education to implement or address findings contained in reports
from the Office of Inspector General of the Department of
Education to improve monitoring and oversight of Federal programs, including—
(A) the March 9, 2010, final management information
report of the Office of Inspector General of the Department
of Education addressing oversight by local educational
agencies and authorized public chartering agencies; and
(B) the September 2012 report of the Office of Inspector
General of the Department of Education entitled ‘‘The
Office of Innovation and Improvement’s Oversight and
Monitoring of the Charter Schools Program’s Planning and
Implementation Grants Final Audit Report’’; and
(2) a description of the actions the Department of Education
has taken to address the concerns described in reports of the
Office of Inspector General of the Department of Education,
including the reports described in paragraph (1).

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SEC. 9206. POSTHUMOUS PARDON.

(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds the following:
(1) John Arthur ‘‘Jack’’ Johnson was a flamboyant, defiant,
and controversial figure in the history of the United States
who challenged racial biases.
(2) Jack Johnson was born in Galveston, Texas, in 1878
to parents who were former slaves.
(3) Jack Johnson became a professional boxer and traveled
throughout the United States, fighting White and AfricanAmerican heavyweights.
(4) After being denied (on purely racial grounds) the opportunity to fight 2 White champions, in 1908, Jack Johnson
was granted an opportunity by an Australian promoter to fight
the reigning White title-holder, Tommy Burns.
(5) Jack Johnson defeated Tommy Burns to become the
first African-American to hold the title of Heavyweight Champion of the World.

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(6) The victory by Jack Johnson over Tommy Burns
prompted a search for a White boxer who could beat Jack
Johnson, a recruitment effort that was dubbed the search for
the ‘‘great white hope’’.
(7) In 1910, a White former champion named Jim Jeffries
left retirement to fight Jack Johnson in Reno, Nevada.
(8) Jim Jeffries lost to Jack Johnson in what was deemed
the ‘‘Battle of the Century’’.
(9) The defeat of Jim Jeffries by Jack Johnson led to
rioting, aggression against African-Americans, and the raciallymotivated murder of African-Americans throughout the United
States.
(10) The relationships of Jack Johnson with White women
compounded the resentment felt toward him by many Whites.
(11) Between 1901 and 1910, 754 African-Americans were
lynched, some simply for being ‘‘too familiar’’ with White
women.
(12) In 1910, Congress passed the Act of June 25, 1910
(commonly known as the ‘‘White Slave Traffic Act’’ or the
‘‘Mann Act’’) (18 U.S.C. 2421 et seq.), which outlawed the
transportation of women in interstate or foreign commerce ‘‘for
the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other
immoral purpose’’.
(13) In October 1912, Jack Johnson became involved with
a White woman whose mother disapproved of their relationship
and sought action from the Department of Justice, claiming
that Jack Johnson had abducted her daughter.
(14) Jack Johnson was arrested by Federal marshals on
October 18, 1912, for transporting the woman across State
lines for an ‘‘immoral purpose’’ in violation of the Mann Act.
(15) The Mann Act charges against Jack Johnson were
dropped when the woman refused to cooperate with Federal
authorities, and then married Jack Johnson.
(16) Federal authorities persisted and summoned a White
woman named Belle Schreiber, who testified that Jack Johnson
had transported her across State lines for the purpose of ‘‘prostitution and debauchery’’.
(17) In 1913, Jack Johnson was convicted of violating the
Mann Act and sentenced to 1 year and 1 day in Federal prison.
(18) Jack Johnson fled the United States to Canada and
various European and South American countries.
(19) Jack Johnson lost the Heavyweight Championship title
to Jess Willard in Cuba in 1915.
(20) Jack Johnson returned to the United States in July
1920, surrendered to authorities, and served nearly a year
in the Federal penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas.
(21) Jack Johnson subsequently fought in boxing matches,
but never regained the Heavyweight Championship title.
(22) Jack Johnson served the United States during World
War II by encouraging citizens to buy war bonds and participating in exhibition boxing matches to promote the war bond
cause.
(23) Jack Johnson died in an automobile accident in 1946.
(24) In 1954, Jack Johnson was inducted into the Boxing
Hall of Fame.
(25) Senate Concurrent Resolution 29, 111th Congress,
agreed to July 29, 2009, expressed the sense of the 111th

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Congress that Jack Johnson should receive a posthumous
pardon for his racially-motivated 1913 conviction.
(b) RECOMMENDATIONS.—It remains the sense of Congress that
Jack Johnson should receive a posthumous pardon—
(1) to expunge a racially-motivated abuse of the prosecutorial authority of the Federal Government from the annals
of criminal justice in the United States; and
(2) in recognition of the athletic and cultural contributions
of Jack Johnson to society.
SEC. 9207. EDUCATION FLEXIBILITY PARTNERSHIP ACT OF 1999
REAUTHORIZATION.

(a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 3(1) of the Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 (20 U.S.C. 5891a(1)) is amended—
(1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ‘‘LOCAL’’ and
inserting ‘‘EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AGENCY; LOCAL’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘The terms’’ and inserting ‘‘The terms ‘educational service agency’,’’; and
(3) by striking ‘‘section 9101’’ and inserting ‘‘section 8101’’.
(b) GENERAL PROVISIONS.—Section 4 of the Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 (20 U.S.C. 5891b) is amended to
read as follows:

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‘‘SEC. 4. EDUCATIONAL FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM.

‘‘(a) EDUCATIONAL FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may carry out an
educational flexibility program under which the Secretary
authorizes a State educational agency that serves an
eligible State to waive statutory or regulatory requirements
applicable to one or more programs described in subsection
(b), other than requirements described in subsection (c),
for any local educational agency, educational service
agency, or school within the State.
‘‘(B) DESIGNATION.—Each eligible State participating
in the program described in subparagraph (A) shall be
known as an ‘Ed-Flex Partnership State’.
‘‘(2) ELIGIBLE STATE.—For the purpose of this section, the
term ‘eligible State’ means a State that—
‘‘(A) has—
‘‘(i) developed and implemented the challenging
State academic standards, and aligned assessments,
described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1111(b)
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of
1965, and is producing the report cards required by
section 1111(h) of such Act; or
‘‘(ii) if the State has adopted new challenging State
academic standards under section 1111(b)(1) of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as
a result of the amendments made to such Act by the
Every Student Succeeds Act, made substantial progress
(as determined by the Secretary) toward developing
and implementing such standards and toward producing the report cards required under section 1111(h)
of such Act;
‘‘(B) will hold local educational agencies, educational
service agencies, and schools accountable for meeting the

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
educational goals described in the local applications submitted under paragraph (4) and for engaging in technical
assistance and, as applicable and appropriate, implementing comprehensive support and improvement activities
and targeted support and improvement activities under
section 1111(d) of the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act of 1965; and
‘‘(C) waives State statutory or regulatory requirements
relating to education while holding local educational agencies, educational service agencies, or schools within the
State that are affected by such waivers accountable for
the performance of the students who are affected by such
waivers.
‘‘(3) STATE APPLICATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each State educational agency
desiring to participate in the educational flexibility program
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such
information as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each
such application shall demonstrate that the eligible State
has adopted an educational flexibility plan for the State
that includes—
‘‘(i) a description of the process the State educational agency will use to evaluate applications from
local educational agencies, educational service agencies, or schools requesting waivers of—
‘‘(I) Federal statutory or regulatory requirements as described in paragraph (1)(A); and
‘‘(II) State statutory or regulatory requirements relating to education;
‘‘(ii) a detailed description of the State statutory
and regulatory requirements relating to education that
the State educational agency will waive;
‘‘(iii) a description of clear educational objectives
the State intends to meet under the educational flexibility plan, which may include innovative methods to
leverage resources to improve program efficiencies that
benefit students;
‘‘(iv) a description of how the educational flexibility
plan is coordinated with activities described in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 1111 of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;
‘‘(v) a description of how the State educational
agency will evaluate (consistent with the requirements
of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act of 1965) the performance of students in the schools,
educational service agencies, and local educational
agencies affected by the waivers; and
‘‘(vi) a description of how the State educational
agency will meet the requirements of paragraph (7).
‘‘(B) APPROVAL AND CONSIDERATIONS.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—By not later than 90 days after
the date on which a State has submitted an application
described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall
issue a written decision that explains why such application has been approved or disapproved, and the process

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for revising and resubmitting the application for
reconsideration.
‘‘(ii) APPROVAL.—The Secretary may approve an
application described in subparagraph (A) only if the
Secretary determines that such application demonstrates substantial promise of assisting the State
educational agency and affected local educational agencies, educational service agencies, and schools within
the State in carrying out comprehensive educational
reform, after considering—
‘‘(I) the eligibility of the State as described
in paragraph (2);
‘‘(II) the comprehensiveness and quality of the
educational flexibility plan described in subparagraph (A);
‘‘(III) the ability of the educational flexibility
plan to ensure accountability for the activities and
goals described in such plan;
‘‘(IV) the degree to which the State’s objectives
described in subparagraph (A)(iii)—
‘‘(aa) are clear and have the ability to
be assessed; and
‘‘(bb) take into account the performance
of local educational agencies, educational
service agencies, or schools, and students,
particularly those affected by waivers;
‘‘(V) the significance of the State statutory or
regulatory requirements relating to education that
will be waived; and
‘‘(VI) the quality of the State educational
agency’s process for approving applications for
waivers of Federal statutory or regulatory requirements as described in paragraph (1)(A) and for
monitoring and evaluating the results of such
waivers.
‘‘(4) LOCAL APPLICATION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each local educational agency, educational service agency, or school requesting a waiver of
a Federal statutory or regulatory requirement as described
in paragraph (1)(A) and any relevant State statutory or
regulatory requirement from a State educational agency
shall submit an application to the State educational agency
at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may reasonably
require. Each such application shall—
‘‘(i) indicate each Federal program affected and
each statutory or regulatory requirement that will be
waived;
‘‘(ii) describe the purposes and overall expected
results of waiving each such requirement, which may
include innovative methods to leverage resources to
improve program efficiencies that benefit students;
‘‘(iii) describe, for each school year, specific, measurable, educational goals for each local educational
agency, educational service agency, or school affected
by the proposed waiver, and for the students served

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PUBLIC LAW 114–95—DEC. 10, 2015
by the local educational agency, educational service
agency, or school who are affected by the waiver;
‘‘(iv) explain why the waiver will assist the local
educational agency, educational service agency, or
school in reaching such goals; and
‘‘(v) in the case of an application from a local
educational agency or educational service agency,
describe how the agency will meet the requirements
of paragraph (7).
‘‘(B) EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.—A State educational agency shall evaluate an application submitted
under subparagraph (A) in accordance with the State’s
educational flexibility plan described in paragraph (3)(A).
‘‘(C) APPROVAL.—A State educational agency shall not
approve an application for a waiver under this paragraph
unless—
‘‘(i) the local educational agency, educational
service agency, or school requesting such waiver has
developed a local reform plan that—
‘‘(I) is applicable to such agency or school,
respectively; and
‘‘(II) may include innovative methods to leverage resources to improve program efficiencies that
benefit students;
‘‘(ii) the waiver of Federal statutory or regulatory
requirements as described in paragraph (1)(A) will
assist the local educational agency, educational service
agency, or school in reaching its educational goals,
particularly goals with respect to school and student
performance; and
‘‘(iii) the State educational agency is satisfied that
the underlying purposes of the statutory requirements
of each program for which a waiver is granted will
continue to be met.
‘‘(D) TERMINATION.—The State educational agency
shall annually review the performance of any local educational agency, educational service agency, or school
granted a waiver of Federal statutory or regulatory requirements as described in paragraph (1)(A) in accordance with
the evaluation requirement described in paragraph
(3)(A)(v), and shall terminate or temporarily suspend any
waiver granted to the local educational agency, educational
service agency, or school if the State educational agency
determines, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing,
that—
‘‘(i) there is compelling evidence of systematic
waste, fraud, or abuse;
‘‘(ii) the performance of the local educational
agency, educational service agency, or school with
respect to meeting the accountability requirement
described in paragraph (2)(C) and the goals described
in subparagraph (A)(iii) has been inadequate to justify
continuation of such waiver;
‘‘(iii) student achievement in the local educational
agency, educational service agency, or school has
decreased; or

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‘‘(iv) substantial progress has not been made
toward meeting the long-term goals and measurements
of interim progress established by the State under
section 1111(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
‘‘(5) OVERSIGHT AND REPORTING.—
‘‘(A) OVERSIGHT.—Each State educational agency
participating in the educational flexibility program under
this section shall annually monitor the activities of local
educational agencies, educational service agencies, and
schools receiving waivers under this section.
‘‘(B) STATE REPORTS.—
‘‘(i) ANNUAL REPORTS.—The State educational
agency shall submit to the Secretary an annual report
on the results of such oversight and the impact of
the waivers on school and student performance.
‘‘(ii) PERFORMANCE DATA.—Not later than 2 years
after the date a State is designated an Ed-Flex Partnership State, each such State shall include, as part of
the State’s annual report submitted under clause (i),
data demonstrating the degree to which progress has
been made toward meeting the State’s educational
objectives. The data, when applicable, shall include—
‘‘(I) information on the total number of waivers
granted for Federal and State statutory and regulatory requirements under this section, including
the number of waivers granted for each type of
waiver;
‘‘(II) information describing the effect of the
waivers on the implementation of State and local
educational reforms pertaining to school and student performance;
‘‘(III) information describing the relationship
of the waivers to the performance of schools and
students affected by the waivers; and
‘‘(IV) an assurance from State program managers that the data reported under this section
are reliable, complete, and accurate, as defined
by the State, or a description of a plan for
improving the reliability, completeness, and
accuracy of such data as defined by the State.
‘‘(C) SECRETARY’S REPORTS.—The Secretary shall
annually—
‘‘(i) make each State report submitted under
subparagraph (B) available to Congress and the public;
and
‘‘(ii) submit to Congress a report that summarizes
the State reports and describes the effects that the
educational flexibility program under this section had
on the implementation of State and local educational
reforms and on the performance of students affected
by the waivers.
‘‘(6) DURATION OF FEDERAL WAIVERS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(i) DURATION.—The Secretary shall approve the
application of a State educational agency under paragraph (3) for a period of not more than 5 years.

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‘‘(ii) AUTOMATIC EXTENSION DURING REVIEW.—The
Secretary shall automatically extend the authority of
a State to continue as an Ed-Flex Partnership State
until the Secretary has—
‘‘(I) completed the performance review of the
State educational agency’s educational flexibility
plan as described in subparagraph (B); and
‘‘(II) issued a final decision on any pending
request for renewal that was submitted by the
State educational agency.
‘‘(iii) EXTENSION OF APPROVAL.—The Secretary may
extend the authority of a State to continue as an
Ed-Flex Partnership State if the Secretary determines
that the authority of the State educational agency to
grant waivers—
‘‘(I) has been effective in enabling such State
or affected local educational agencies, educational
service agencies, or schools to carry out their State
or local reform plans and to continue to meet the
accountability requirement described in paragraph
(2)(C); and
‘‘(II) has improved student performance.
‘‘(B) PERFORMANCE REVIEW.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—Following the expiration of an
approved educational flexibility program for a State
that is designated an Ed-Flex Partnership State, the
Secretary shall have not more than 180 days to complete a review of the performance of the State educational agency in granting waivers of Federal statutory or regulatory requirements as described in paragraph (1)(A) to determine if the State educational
agency—
‘‘(I) has achieved, or is making substantial
progress towards achieving, the objectives
described in the application submitted pursuant
to paragraph (3)(A)(iii) and the s